Abstracts CAM seminar

2020-10-28: Fernando Casas, Jaume I University 
Compositions of pseudo-symmetric integrators with complex coefficients in the numerical integration of differential equations
Abstract:
In this talk I will consider composition methods for the time integration of differential equations obtained as double jump compositions with complex coefficients and projection on the real axis. It is shown in particular that the new integrators are time-symmetric and symplectic up to high orders if one uses a time-symmetric and symplectic basic method. This technique requires fewer stages than standard compositions of the same orders and is thus expected to lead to faster methods.

2020-10-21: Máté Gerencsér, IST Austria 
Approximation of SDEs - a stochastic sewing approach
Abstract:
We give a new take on the error analysis of approximations of stochastic differential equations (SDEs), utilizing and developing the stochastic sewing lemma of Le (2020). As an alternative to earlier PDE-based works, this approach allows one to go beyond Markovian settings. We discuss the first results on convergence rates of the Euler-Maruyama scheme for SDEs driven by additive fractional noise and irregular drift, as well as the derivation of optimal convergence rates for SDEs driven by multiplicative standard Brownian noise and arbitrary Holder-continuous drift.
Joint work with Oleg Butkovsky and Konstantinos Dareiotis.

2020-10-14: Chus Sanz-Serna, Universidad Carlos III de MadridVibrational resonance: A study with word series​
Abstract:
Vibrational resonance occurs when the response of a system to a periodic forcing is enhanced by the presence of an additional fast forcing. In the talk I will study this phenomenon by means of word series: formal series that make it possible to study systematically dynamical systems and also numerical integrators.

2020-09-30: Elena Celledoni​, NTNU: Deep learning as optimal control and structure preserving deep learning
Abstract:
Over the past few years, deep learning has risen to the foreground as a topic of massive interest, mainly as a result of successes obtained in solving large-scale image processing tasks. There are multiple challenging mathematical problems involved in applying deep learning.
We consider recent work of Haber and Ruthotto 2017 and Chang et al. 2018, where deep learning neural networks have been interpreted as discretisations of an optimal control problem subject to an ordinary differential equation constraint. We review the first order conditions for optimality, and the conditions ensuring optimality after discretisation.  There is a growing effort to mathematically understand the structure in existing deep learning methods and to systematically design new deep learning methods to preserve certain types of structure in deep learning. Examples are invertibility, orthogonality constraints, or group equivariance, and new algorithmic frameworks based on conformal Hamiltonian systems and Riemannian manifolds.

References:
Deep learning as optimal control problems: models and numerical methods
Martin Benning, Elena Celledoni, Matthias J. Ehrhardt, Brynjulf Owren, Carola-Bibiane Schönlieb

Structure preserving deep learning
Elena Celledoni, Matthias J. Ehrhardt, Christian Etmann, Robert I McLachlan, Brynjulf Owren, Carola-Bibiane Schönlieb, Ferdia Sherry

2020-09-23: Anders Szepessy, KTH: Optimal control estimates of residual networks​  
Abstract:
I will show and explain estimates of the generalization error
to approximate given data by a residual neural network.

2020-09-16. Karl Larsson, Umeå University: Least-Squares Stabilized Nitsche Boundary Conditions for Unfitted Finite Element Methods
Abstract:
Weak enforcement of Dirichlet boundary conditions in finite element methods (FEM) can be done efficiently and with higher order accuracy using so-called Nitsche boundary conditions. This makes Nitsche boundary conditions suitable for unfitted FEM where the domain boundary is allowed to arbitrarily cut through the computational mesh. However, in some cut situations this leads to a method which is non-coercive. The problem is usually dealt with by using a very large penalty parameter in the Nitsche boundary condition or adding some stabilization terms to the method but in this talk we take a different approach. By adding certain consistent least-squares terms to the Nitsche boundary conditions we achieve a method which is proven coercive in every cut situation using only a moderate size penalty parameter.

Published: Tue 13 Oct 2020.