News: Produktion related to Chalmers University of TechnologyTue, 17 Apr 2018 15:18:21 +0200 doctor on heat treatment and mechanical properties of a nickel-based superalloy<p><b>In a project together with GKN Aerospace Sweden concering weldable structures, Ceena Joseph has studied the effect of heat treatment, microstructure and mechanical properties of Haynes 282, a nickel-based superalloy.</b></p>GKN produces large houses for jet engines, which are exposed to high temperatures over and over. These high temperatures require special materials that can handle the stress in such a warm environment, such as nickel-based superalloys. Among these superalloys, the Ni-base superalloy Haynes 282 has been attracting interest due to its high-temperature properties and weldability. <br />During the pre-study, Ceena Joseph and her colleagues at the division of Engineering Materials, Department of Industrial and Material Science, found a need for better understanding of the heat treatment process and how to optimize it.<br /><br /><span><img src="/en/departments/ims/PublishingImages/Ceena-Joseph_EM_lab_20180410_22_inzoom-struktur_500x500.png" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:20px 15px;width:250px;height:250px" /><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>The fabrication strategy for critical applications such as aero engines was about to be changed from large cast parts into welded structures of forged multi-material goods. Something that required adapting the right heat treatment in order to get the right mechanical performance. <br /><br />The challenge is to tailor the heat treatment to suit the multi-material structures and still be able to meet the desired property requirements. <br /><br />-    This requires a profound understanding of the process-structure-property relationships for these complex alloys, says Ceena Joseph.<br /><br />Her research focusses on different heat treatments, how to optimize it and the sensitivity in the treatments. For instance, what happens in the microstructure during temperature changes? Are the mechanical properties stable? <br /><br /><span><img src="/en/departments/ims/PublishingImages/Ceena-Joseph_EM_lab_20180410_72_340x305.png" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px 15px;width:250px;height:225px" /><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>-    We have been able to understand the sensitivity of this alloy for different heat treatment conditions, which primarily occurs due to changes in its microstructural constituents. These microstructural changes affect the mechanical properties of the alloy, which can hence be tailored by heat treatment.<br />The research results show that, within the process variation mechanical properties are stable after the heat treatment. The method works well and provides good strength.<br /><br />-    Simply put, we can rely on the production process and fly safe, explains Christer Persson, professor and head of Division for Engineering Materials.<br /><br />Ceena Joseph recently defended her doctoral thesis “Microstructure Evolution and Mechanical Properties of Haynes 282”. She has a background in Metallurgical and Materials Science engineering.<br /><br />-    One of my driving forces is the understanding of the behavior and the choice of materials within different applications and conditions. It’s always been interesting and made me pursue a career in material science, says Ceena Joseph.<br /><br />Since her dissertation in March, Ceena Joseph has already started her new carrier, as a researcher within R&amp;D for an aerospace manufacturing company.<br /><br /><p></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Quick facts on Ceena Joseph </h5> <div> </div> <div><strong>Living in: </strong>Sweden </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Family: </strong>Husband &amp; 2 kids </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Interests:</strong> Travel, baking, reading </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Read more:</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Influence of heat treatment on the microstructure and tensile properties of Ni-base superalloy Haynes 282</a> <em>(article ScienceDirect)</em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Microstructure Evolution and Mechanical Properties of Haynes 282</a> <em>(doctoral thesis)</em></div> <div> </div> <div><em><div> </div></em></div> <div> </div> <div><em>Text and photo: Carina Schultz</em></div>Mon, 16 Apr 2018 10:00:00 +0200 Chalmers Lab for Industrial Digitalisation<p><b>​Sten A Olsson Foundation for Research and Culture – Stenastiftelsen – is investing in a new Chalmers lab for industrial digitalisation – Stena Industry Innovation Lab, SII-Lab. SII-Lab provides great opportunities for Swedish industry to test industrial digitalisation in future production systems. It also gives young people possibilities to experience collaborative robots, 5G telecommunication and Virtual Reality in a work environment similar to gaming worlds. These are some effects of a large-scale installation from the Stenastiftelsen to the development of Chalmers open test bed for smart industry. ​</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Sten A Olsson Foundation for Research and Culture</strong> invests 21 million SEK at Chalmers in order to increase the digitalisation and competitiveness of Swedish industry. In Stena Industry Innovation Laboratory, SII-Lab, Chalmers will triple its present activities in the area of smart industry and greatly improve Chalmers’ offer to industry and society. </span><div><br /></div> <div> - I am very pleased that Stenastiftelsen has offered to make such a big effort in the important area of production. This area is highly prioritized at Chalmers. We are working closely with Swedish industry in the field of digitalisation and the SII-Lab will open up great opportunities for research, innovation, and education&quot; says Chalmers’ President and CEO, Stefan Bengtsson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>The development takes place on the Lindholmen campus</strong>, which is in the middle of Sweden’s largest industrially focused science park, where more than 20,000 industry employees, researchers, and high-school students work and study. In Sweden, we need world-class research while at the same time demonstrating to our young people how exciting industry can be as a future workplace.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Produktionssystem/Madeleine_Olsson_stena_pressmaterial.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px 10px" /><br /><br /><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">- We believe that this initiative is an excellent opportunity to contribute to the digital transformation of</span><br /></div> <div>industry and society. Swedish industry faces major production challenges, especially in western Sweden, says Madeleine Olsson-Eriksson, Chairperson of Sten A Olsson Foundation for Research and Culture.</div> <div> </div> <div>- Sweden needs to have world-class research and to show our younger generations how exciting industry can be as a future workplace.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong>Chalmers is already a leading university in industrial production and </strong><strong>digitalisation</strong>, and Production is one of Chalmers' areas of advance. As a consequence of accelerating industrial digitalisation and growing interest in Industry 4.0, the need to understand and test possibilities of the new technologies grows. The Stena Industry Innovation Lab provides a unique environment where future production systems can be developed and demonstrated. The SII-Lab, is already a national resource and it is also part of the European Commission's network of digital innovation hubs.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>- We offer an open meeting place for industry, society, and academia. Both large and small companies have the opportunity to try out new production ideas, but also to find new business models and innovation opportunities. We expect the lab itself to increase the speed of the Swedish industry's digitalisation, says Professor Johan Stahre, head of the division of Production systems at Chalmers.</div> <div> </div> <div>Industrial digitalisation is crucial for Swedish companies, but attracting young skills is just as important.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>- The SII-lab will allow us to conduct advanced research, but also show collaborative robots, 5G, and Virtual Reality for students, young people, and the public. The future, digitalised workplace has a lot in common with digital gaming worlds, says Åsa Fast-Berglund, Associate Professor in charge of the development of SII-Lab.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Produktionssystem/SII-Lab%20ren%20bild%20utan%20skyltar.jpg" alt="" style="margin:20px 5px" /><br /><br /><strong style="background-color:initial">Thanks to Stenastiftelsen’s donation</strong><span style="background-color:initial">, new facilities are rapidly being built. Cooperation with industry is also intensifying. The first students will be able to use the lab in January 2018 while new equipment is being installed. In May, SII-Lab will be officially inaugurated by the Swedish Minister of Enterprise and Innovation, Mikael Damberg together with Madeleine Olsson-Eriksson, Chalmers President Stefan Bengtsson, and Doris Schroecker from the European Commission.</span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><a href=";"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Watch the movie on Youtube about Stena Industry Innovation Laboratory, SII-Lab </a></div> <div><strong> </strong></div> <strong> </strong><div><strong>About Sten A Olsson Foundation for Research and Culture</strong></div> <div><em>Sten A Olsson's Foundation for Research and Culture was founded in 1996 in connection with ship-owner Sten A Olsson's 80th anniversary. Through the foundation, the family gives support for research and cultural activities, primarily in Gothenburg and Western Sweden. The foundation promotes scientific research and development, as well as arts and culture, humanities and Christian communities. The first donation amounted to 51 million SEK, which formed the base for the foundation of Chalmers Innovation. The development of a joint center for innovation activities at Chalmers was thus possible.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>For more information:</strong></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/johan-stahre.aspx">Johan Stahre </a>, Professor and head of the division of Production Systems at the Department of Industrial and Materials Sciences, Chalmers, +46 31 772 12 88</div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/asa-fasth.aspx">Åsa Fast-Berglund </a>, Associate Professor at the division of Production Systems at the Department of Industrial and Materials Sciences, Chalmers, +46 730 34 34 88</div> <div> </div> <div>Photo: Julia Sjöberg and Bilduppdraget</div> <div>Illustration: Sven Ekered, Chalmers</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> ​​​​​​​Fri, 13 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0200 to make kitchen pots harder<p><b>​New research shows that tailor-making the material used when making stainless steel is the key to optimize hardness and corrosion free properties. This new knowledge is important for oil, gas, food and nuclear industries – and for your kitchen pots.</b></p>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Material%20och%20tillverkning/Giulio%20Maistro_200x250.png" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Giulio Maistro" style="margin:5px;width:170px;height:213px" /><span style="background-color:initial">In a recently published doctoral thesis, <a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/maistro.aspx" target="_blank">Giulio Maistro</a> presents studies of methodologies to make austenitic stainless steel harder, without losing the &quot;stainless&quot; properties. The results show that it is important to consciously balance the different metals used in the steel, as well as the additives nitrogen and carbon.</span><div><br /></div> <div><strong>Austenitic stainless steel </strong>is a specific type of stainless steel alloy that is used for kitchen pots and many industrial applications. This type of material is very good to use with strong acids or salty water because it is resistant to corrosion. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Unfortunately, today’s stainless steel has the drawback of being very easy to scratch and damage. It is too soft. This is not crucial for our kitchen ware, but is a big problem for jewellery or for industrial applications. In industrial sectors like the oil, gas, food and nuclear industries, the surface has to be smooth like a mirror. </span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>When making stainless steel</strong>, it is the combination of the material in itself and the surface treatment that defines how good the result is. The result of a surface treatment can be radically different depending on the formula the material is composed of. Giulio Maistro says that this can be both a good and a bad thing. </div> <div><span style="color:black;font-family:calibri,sans-serif;font-size:11pt;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="color:black;font-family:calibri,sans-serif;font-size:11pt;background-color:initial">– </span>Nowadays, we have reached a stagnation in the application of surface treatments like plasma, gas nitriding or carburizing. More or less everyone in the field knows &quot;when it is worth to use them and when it is not&quot;. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>According to Giulio Maistro, companies keep their processes secret which makes process development hard and almost completely abandoned in academia. Giulio Maistro’s research is welcomed. Not much research has been done earlier on the optimization of the materials to fit the treatment. Instead of trying to change and over-optimize the treatment parameters, it could be easier and more effective to tailor-make a new material that better matches the treatment.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>This tailor-making involves</strong> <strong>Nickel and Molybdenum</strong>, two metals that typically are added into the steel to improve resistance against corrosion. </div> <div><span style="color:black;font-family:calibri,sans-serif;font-size:11pt;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="color:black;font-family:calibri,sans-serif;font-size:11pt;background-color:initial">– </span>In my research I show that by adding Nickel it is possible to decrease the unwanted formation of carbides, which are bad for corrosion. However, when too much Nickel is used, the material cannot be hardened very much. This is because carbon and nitrogen do not like Nickel and vice versa. If you use the metal Molybdenum, the opposite effect is shown. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>To harden the steel, it is common to introduce nitrogen or carbon in it. The more nitrogen or carbon you have, the harder the steel gets. This relates to Nickel and Molybdenum. Depending on how much of those metals you have in the steel, you can change how much nitrogen or carbon you can introduce in it. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>However, if you introduce too much nitrogen or carbon, chemical compounds called nitrides and carbides are formed. When they form, the stainless property of the steel gets lost. In general, Molybdenum increases the amount of nitrogen or carbon you can insert. Nickel limits the amount but also limits the formation of nitrides or carbides. </div> <div><span style="color:black;font-family:calibri,sans-serif;font-size:11pt;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="color:black;font-family:calibri,sans-serif;font-size:11pt;background-color:initial">– </span>This new knowledge shows that companies that manufacture products made of stainless steel need to find a balance between Nickel and Molybdenum to get the maximum hardness while maintaining the stainless properties, upon introducing nitrogen or carbon, says Giulio Maistro.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>FACTS:</strong></div> <div>Gas nitriding or carburizing are methods to introduce nitrogen or carbon to the steel.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/maistro.aspx" target="_blank">Giulio Maistro​</a> performed his doctoral studies at the <a href="/en/departments/ims/research/mm/Pages/default.aspx">division of Materials and Manufacture</a> which belongs to the <span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/departments/ims/Pages/default.aspx">department of Industrial and Materials Science</a> at <a href="/en/Pages/default.aspx">Chalmers University of Technology</a>. He </span><span style="background-color:initial">successfully defended his doctoral thesis on January 26th. The title of the thesis is: </span></div> <span></span><div><em>Low-temperature carburizing/nitriding of austenitic stainless steels - Influence of alloy composition on microstructure and properties.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Read more in this scientific article:</strong></div> <div><a href=""></a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text: Nina Silow</em></div> <div><em>Photo in the article: Marcus Folino</em></div> ​Tue, 20 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +0100 for future production researchers<p><b>​During 2018, the Production Area of Advance launches a new Research Associate Programme. Four students from four different master programs have been appointed as the pioneering research associates. Product development in sports, Scandinavia-Balkan industrial design comparison, sustainability in connection to digital technologies and bio-composites are their topics of interest.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The number of young educated people is decreasing around the world and in the future it will be a fierce competition regarding recruiting young engineers. This is recognized in industry but also by universities. Chalmers wants to secure a new generation of researchers but not everyone knows what it is like to work as a researcher. The Production Area of Advance now launches a new Research Associate Programme. <a href="https://en/Staff/Pages/johan-malmqvist.aspx">Professor Johan Malmqvist who is the Education Officer within the Production Area of Advance​</a> explains the purpose of the programme.</span><div><br /></div> <div>– I really like my job as a researcher and this is an opportunity to show students some of the benefits of being a researcher. With this programme, we want to enable talented students from our master programmes to obtain some experience from research activities such as developing research plans, carrying out simulations or experiments, analyzing data and presenting or publishing your results.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The programme is inspired by the “Undergraduate Research Opportunity Programs” often found at US universities. However, the structure is unique for the Production Area of Advance Research Associate Programme. It is meant to have a bottom-up approach. If interested in applying for a position in the programme, students are urged to take the initiative to make contact with a faculty member with a project idea. The idea is then put into an application and, if the application is granted, the research associate will receive a senior researcher as mentor during the project. Projects are to be reported both mid-term and in the end of the spring term. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>The pioneers of this seed-bed programme are four students from four different master programmes.</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Priska Herzog</strong> is studying <a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Product-Development.aspx" target="_blank">Product Development</a> and her mentor is <a href="/en/staff/Pages/iola.aspx">Professor Ola Isaksson</a>. Priska is very active in her spare time and like adventurous sports like snowboarding, surfing, kayaking and mountain biking. She also takes her interest a step further and has e.g. developed and built an own snowboard. Her research associate project is therefore linked to her burning interest in sports. The title is “Involve R&amp;D in sports in product development”. But why is sports interesting for product development research? Priska explains her view.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>– Sport athletes differs from other consumers in that they are very experimental in finding advantages that can make them win in a competition. Sports technology therefore often includes short product development cycles, rapid prototyping, and a collaborative customer that need better products to win and brings immediate feedback and a personal connection. This area is also somewhat less cost sensitivity than other consumer areas. We tend to put money on our hobbies.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>With this project Priska wants to raise awareness about sports technology in product development to improve the offering of sports projects for students and to improve the contact areas between Chalmers and sports.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Adis Imsirovic </strong>is a student in <a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Industrial-Design-Engineering.aspx" target="_blank">Industrial Design Engineering</a> with <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/helena-stromberg.aspx">Senior Lecturer Helena Strömberg</a> as his mentor. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>– I am born and raised in Sweden but my family is from Bosnia and we have spent all summer holidays there. During my upbringing I have developed a curiosity about if the design thinking in the two cultures differs. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The research associate programme gives Adis the opportunity to dive into this question. His project is called “Do designers from Scandinavia interpret design differently from designers in Balkan?”. Adis wants to perform a study where he meets universities and teachers as well as product development departments in companies in both Sweden and Balkan countries. Are there any differences? If yes, how would it be possible to cooperate spite the differences and what difficulties would occur? </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Hasnain Thathia</strong> is a student in <a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Production-Engineering.aspx" target="_blank">Production Engineering</a> mentored by <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/melanie-despeisse.aspx">Assistant Professor Mélanie Despeisse</a>. His project focuses on the new challenges faced by the manufacturing industry as a result of the increased need for mass-customised products while improving the sustainability performance of production systems. The title of Hasnain’s project is “The influence of digital technologies towards sustainable production”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>– My aim is to review digital technologies in the manufacturing industry and assess their potential to improve performance with a specific focus on environmental sustainability. These technologies include software for modelling and simulation, virtual/digital factory, cloud computing and sensors which play a huge role in Industry 4.0. I would like to evaluate the performance of these digital technologies implemented in industries and compare them with the traditional technologies from a sustainable perspective (energy, waste, material usage, data accuracy).</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Shankar Paramasivam</strong> is a student in <a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Applied-Mechanics.aspx" target="_blank">Applied Mechanics</a> with <a href="/en/staff/Pages/martin-fagerstrom.aspx">Associate Professor Martin Fagerström</a> and <a href="/en/staff/Pages/gunnar-westman.aspx">Professor Gunnar Westman​</a> as his mentors. In his project, Shankar faces a bit of a challenge since his background is from mechanical engineering and the projects includes quite a lot of chemistry. This project also differs from the others since it is initiated by the mentor and not the student. The title is “Supporting the upscaling of sustainable biocomposites from cellulose fibres for use in structural components”.</div> <div> </div> <div>– The aim of the project is to support research to find a more sustainable alternative to the commonly used composites carbon fiber composites and glass fiber composites that are non-biodegradable and takes a lot of energy to produce.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Even if the subject is new to Shankar, he finds the project very interesting.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>– It combines the mechanical engineering knowledge that I already have with a new area. Even though the project includes chemical knowledge, I feel confident since I will have two mentors by my side. I look forward to learn more about biocomposites.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>We will follow these projects and report the results in the end of the spring term. Did the concept of the research associate programme turn out successful? Stay tuned to find out.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>For more information, please contact:</strong></div> <div><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/johan-malmqvist.aspx">Professor Johan Malmqvist</a>, Dean of education MATS and Educational Officer of the Production Area of Advance.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Nina Silow</div>Tue, 20 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0100 Foundation invests in new 2D super materials<p><b>​To ensure Chalmers as key player for graphene based two dimensional (2D) composite materials research, Chalmers Foundation invests SEK 15 million into a new research group. 2D materials are only one-atom-thick and have the potential to become super materials to be used for health sensors, water filters, new cool electronics or better batteries.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The discovery of graphene allowed researchers to produce and process a wide range of two dimensional (2D) materials. The next step is to combine these one-atom-thick, large and flexible nanosheets with polymers, metals or molecules in order to become new innovative nano-composites – super materials. </span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>In order to empower Chalmers</strong> as a key player for the research on graphene-based 2D composites, the <a href="/en/foundation/Pages/default.aspx" target="_blank">Chalmers University of Technology Foundation</a> will invest SEK 15 million in the next three years to finance laboratory equipment and to part-finance a research group under the supervision of Professor Vincenzo Palermo.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /> <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Vincenzo-Palermo.aspx" target="_blank">Vincenzo Palermo</a> has for the last four years been the leader of activities on nano-composites of the <a href="" target="_blank">Graphene Flagship</a>. Since 2017 he is also the vice-director of the Graphene Flagship and professor at the <a href="/en/departments/ims/Pages/default.aspx">Department of Industrial and Materials Science​</a>. In his research, Vincenzo Palermo uses nanotechnology and supramolecular chemistry to create new materials with applications in mechanics, electronics and energy. In particular, he works with the production of carbon-based composite materials as graphene. </span></div> <div><br /><div><span style="background-color:initial"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Material%20och%20tillverkning/Graphene_270x200.png" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Graphene is a crystalline material consisting of one layer of carbon atoms, arranged in a hexagonal pattern. The material is <em>100 times thinner </em>than a human hair but <em>20 times stronger </em>than steel. At the same time, graphene is light and flexible, and also conducts both electricity and heat very well. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>As graphene has these properties</strong>, there are many potential uses. Improved batteries and touch screens for mobiles and tablets are some examples but if graphene is combined with layers of other materials, the possibilities are even bigger.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">– Yes, the potential is enormous and now our imagination is put to a test. Graphene could be used for sensors for measuring of e.g. cholesterol, glucose or haemoglobin levels in the body, new antibiotics or cure for cancer, or perhaps for curtains that capture sunlight and heat up the house. Another thing is that graphene-based materials shall allow water to pass through it while blocking other liquids or gases. It could therefore be utilized as a filter of, for instance, drinking water. Also, because the material is so strong and weighs so little it can be used to produce new composites in aircrafts or other vehicles, in order to save weight and reduce energy consumption.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Thanks to the funding</strong> granted by Chalmers Foundation, Vincenzo Palermo will be able to expand his research team. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">– I am very happy for the opportunities this gives me. The funding will lead to the development of innovative composites of 2D materials with polymers and metals, the creation of new industrial collaboration with key partners and, last but not least, to the training of a new group of young researchers from Chalmers.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>FACTS</strong></div> <div>Vincenzo Palermo obtained his Ph.D. in physical chemistry in 2003 at the University of Bologna, after working at the University of Utrecht (the Netherlands) and at the Steacie Institute, National Research Council (Ottawa, Canada). Now Vincenzo Palermo holds a position as research professor at Chalmers <a href="/en/departments/ims/Pages/default.aspx">Department of Industrial and Materials Science​</a> in Gothenburg, Sweden, and is acting as vice-director of the <a href="">Graphene Flag​ship​</a>. </div> <div><ul><li><span style="background-color:initial">&gt; 130 scientific articles (&gt;4000 citations, h-index=35).</span><br /></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">In 2012 he won the Lecturer Award for Excellence of the Federation of European Materials Societies (FEMS) </span><br /></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">In 2013 he won the Research Award of the Italian Society of Chemistry (SCI). </span><br /></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">He has published two books on the life and science of Albert Einstein (Hoepli, 2015) and of Isaac Newton (Hoepli, 2016). </span><br /></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">In November 2017 he won a Research Project Grant for Engineering Sciences, assigned within the Research Grants Open call 2017 from Vetenskapsrådet.</span><br /></li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The donation from the <a href="/en/foundation/Pages/default.aspx">Chalmers University of Technology Foundation</a> comprises SEK 15 million divided over three years by SEK 5 million per year during the period of 2018-2020. The money is intended to part-finance a research group to Professor Vincenzo Palermo and to finance laboratory equipment. The research group is supposed to consist of two research assistants and two post-docs.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Nina Silow</div> <div>Photo: Graphene Flagship</div> ​</div></div> ​Tue, 05 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0100 guest lecturer at IMS<p><b>​The department had an environmental celebrity guest last week, when the eco-fighter, adventurer and humanist Rob Greenfield gave a lecture for students.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Greenfield started his career like any other student and liked to party. But a couple of years after his BSc in Biology/Chemistry, he started to re-think about his life and impact on nature. There and then he decided to take on 100 eco-challenges during two years. And after finishing that, he just kept on going with new goals. </span><div>One example of his gentle, nudgy activism is the NY-experiment. He lived like an ordinary newyorker and collected all his garbage for a month. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Every time he produced waste of some sort, he put it in bags he carried on his body. Gradually it grew and it ended up in a 40 kilo heavy garbage suit. All dressed up, he started to walk around in Manhattan, ended in media and drew big attention to the garbage issue. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><div>On the question from the audience of what was the most satisfying achivement, he answered “getting rid of the car and going over to a vegetarian lifestyle”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Today he owns just 111 things, and live in a little house in San Diego making his living by talks and environmental actions. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>More about Rob on: <a href=""></a></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The talk was sponsored and arranged by the course <a href=";parsergrp=3">PPU206 Sustainable Products and Productions Systems</a>, <span style="background-color:initial">in co-operation with</span><a href=""> Renova​</a><span style="background-color:initial">,</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text and photo: Carina Schultz</div>Thu, 30 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0100 management for Production Area of Advance<p><b>​Lars Nyborg and Anette Larsson take over the management of Chalmers Production Area of Advance after Rikard Söderberg and Johan Stahre.</b></p>​There are two new leaders of the Production Area of Advance, both very well-known at Chalmers. <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/lars-nyborg.aspx" target="_blank">Lars Nyborg </a>was previously Head of the Department of Materials and Manufacturing Technology and <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/anette-larsson.aspx" target="_blank">Anette Larsson</a> is in charge of the <a href="/en/centres/sumo/Pages/default.aspx">SuMo BIOMATERIALS</a> research center.<br /><br /><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/lars-nyborg.aspx" target="_blank">Lars Nyborg</a> has been appointed Director, succeeding Rikard Söderberg. He also continues as responsible for the profile area of manufacturing processes. Lars Nyborg is professor in surface technology and a very active researcher in powder and surface technology. He is also prominent in the highly topical research field additive manufacturing. Until recently, Lars Nyborg has been in charge of the former Department of Materials and Manufacturing Technology and is now also Vice Head of Department and Responsible for Utilization at the <a href="/en/departments/ims/Pages/default.aspx">Department of Industrial and Materials Science</a>. Here he describes how he sees the future in the production area.<br /><br />– &quot;Society faces major challenges in areas such as digitization and life sciences, and not least the environment and the climate. We researchers need to gather all our skills and work together with industry and other actors in society to find the best solutions in these areas, &quot;says Lars Nyborg.<br /><br /><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/anette-larsson.aspx" target="_blank">Anette Larsson</a> is Assistant Professor of Pharmaceutical Technology at the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. She has previously been employed at <a href="">AstraZeneca R &amp; D in Mölndal</a> as a researcher, before returning to Chalmers. Today she is doing research about controlled release of drugs and customized pharmaceutical products. In addition, Anette Larsson is responsible for the <a href="/en/centres/sumo/Pages/default.aspx">SuMo BIOMATERIALS</a> research center. From this autumn, she is appointed Co-Director, succeeding Johan Stahre.<br /><br />Anette Larsson has not participated in the Production Area of Advance earlier and looks forward to learning more about the research conducted. She clearly sees what she can contribute with.<br /><br />– &quot;I have been working in the industry for many years and have also been in charge of a research center that has six major industrial companies as partners. I have gathered experiences that are valuable for an area of advance that has so many links to industrial challenges as Production has.<br /><br />In the immediate future, the focus for the new management is to support active fields and review how the strengths can support internationalization, education and, not least, cooperation. Lars Nyborg gives a few examples of the latter.<br /><br />– &quot;One of our areas is continuous production that can be linked to life sciences, and by being reinforced by Anette we can be even better in, for example, drug production. Another link that we will continue to develop is that between Production and Materials, where we believe there are great opportunities for both areas.<br /><br />Lars Nyborg and Anette Larsson also have the ambition to find new meeting forms and are about to launch a new concept this autumn.<br /><br />–  ”We want to invite everyone to a recurring Afternoon tea! Our three profile areas will be asked to present an urgent topic for each area. In addition, we would like to ask anyone who is curious about additive manufacturing, or 3D printing in metal, to sign up for our <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/production/calendar/Pages/initiative-seminar-2017-AM.aspx">initiative seminar on Frontiers of Additive Manufacturing</a> which is planned for <strong>October 11-12</strong>.”<br /><br /><br />Text: Nina SilowMon, 21 Aug 2017 14:00:00 +0200 the future happen today!<p><b>Students in the Master&#39;s program Product Development, in collaboration with industrial partners, have been working on various projects in product development during a six-month period. These projects were presented in the Virtual Development Laboratory at the Department of Industrial and Materials Sciences. In connection with the presentations, an exhibition was organized where people could mingle and ask questions. ​</b></p><div>​<span><a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Product-Development.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Master's Program Product Development</a><a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Product-Development.aspx"><span style="display:inline-block"></span></a></span><br /><br />A total of ten projects were presented during the day. All of which have links to companies that have been part of the financing. One of the projects was done at Volvo Cars and is related to semi-autonomous driving. That is, you should be able to drive the car yourself and then also have the option to make the vehicle self-driving. The students explains that what has been developed is a steering wheel that moves inwardly in the self-driving mode, thus creating more space in the passenger compartment. On the wheel itself, they have also developed a concept with a display that can be used for watching movies, video conferencing and other activities. A positive effect is that you can take advantage of the commuting time in the car for more purposes other than the driving itself.<br />     Lakshmi Salelkar, working in a project at GKN Aerospace, explains how their product helps the aviation industry to become even safer. They have developed a concept for advanced cleaning of pipes in gas turbines using ultrasound. <em>&quot;It has been great fun to work with this project! We have had a great GKN supervisor who has been in contact with us regularly to support and motivate our team.&quot;</em><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Teamwork</h4> <div>Each project has had five to six students working together. Markus Nilsson, who has been a part of the Drop Arm project with the company Gunnebo, shares his experiences on teamwork: <em>&quot;We all have different strengths and we all found our different roles in the project very quickly. I for an example have had a more coordinating role and making everyone feel involved. Then in prototyping, everyone contributes with whatever they can.&quot;</em> Kathryn Bleakley, who participates in an Erasmus exchange with Queen's University in Belfast, has been mostly involved in the desig<span></span>n parts of the project, but she also emphasizes that it is a joint effort. Kathryn thinks that the time at Chalmers has been fantastic.</div> <div>    <a href="/sv/personal/redigera/Sidor/erik-hulthen.aspx">Erik Hulthén​</a>, coordinator of the Product Development Master Program, says that students themselves have chosen which project to participate in. The composition of the teams has then been based on the students' background and competence. <em>&quot;I think this is one of the reasons why the results are so good. It's really impressive to see what our students can achieve in such a short timespan as half a year! Here we can see examples of the future, such as the Volvo project on the steering wheel for autonomous driving, and the students who designed a self-navigating pick-up truck in the Helge Nyberggruppen project. &quot;</em><span style="background-color:initial"><em> </em><br /></span></div> <span></span><div></div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">All projects<br /></h4> <p>•    GKN - Oil Coke Prevention in Tubes for Gas Turbines<br />•    Gunnebo - Drop Arm<br />•    Modul-System - Ladder Holder for Commercial Vehicles<br />•    Thule and INXIDE - Light Weight Multi-Functional Stroller<br />•    ASKO - Spraying Concept<span><br />•    ASKO - Cutlery Basket 2.0<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br />•    ASSA ABLOY - Entrance Activator without Wire Routing and Battery Change<br />•    Helge Nyberg AB - Order Picking Trolley with Follow Me Function<br />•    NEVS - The Light Weight Car Door for the Future<br />•    Volvo Cars - Use of Steering Wheel in Autonomous Drive Situations</p> <p><br /></p> Mon, 14 Aug 2017 05:25:00 +0200élanie-Despeisse.aspx Mélanie Despeisse – new assistant professor in Production<p><b>​“If we define sustainability as a desirable output, we will create the industrial processes to deliver it efficiently. It’s not just about “less bad” or “zero impact” on the natural environment. It’s about being good, creating a positive impact wherever we can, and simply doing the right thing.”</b></p><strong>​</strong><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Welcome to Chalmers! You have been in connection with Chalmers before, as a student. Can you tell us a bit about what made you come here?</strong></span><div>– Thank you, and yes, I was at Chalmers already as a student. When I decided to go to Chalmers with the ERASMUS exchange programme, I was looking for a new experience, a change of scenery, a chance to study differently, and I was curious about new topics which were not available in my home university. Chalmers offers such a wide range of courses, it felt like the possibilities were unlimited. I took as many courses as I could and even came back for a second year for an MSc degree in Industrial Ecology. I told myself that I would come back some day… And this day has come!</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What did you do when you left Chalmers after graduation?</strong></div> <div>– After leaving Chalmers I conducted industry projects on renewable energy systems and eco-efficiency across Europe. Most recently I was a lead researcher at University of Cambridge in the UK. When the new position for assistant professor in the Production Area of Advance was advertised, I thought it was a perfect match to my research interests and a great opportunity to continue the adventure with Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>One of the challenges mentioned in the job posting was about developing intelligent/smart industry. How do you see your role as a key player in Chalmers continued focus on smart industry?</strong></div> <div>– Over the past ten years, I have contributed to various research projects on sustainability and resource efficiency with leading manufacturing companies. My research explores the relationship between industry and environmental sustainability at multiple levels, from processes and factories to products’ life cycle and whole value chains. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Produktionssystem/Melanie%20Despeisse%20competing%20in%202007%20Eco%20marathon,%20J-O%20Yxell,%20690x350.png" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><em>During her time as an ERASMUS student at Chalmers, Mélanie Despeisse competed in the 2007 Eco marathon. Photo: Jan-Olov Yxell</em><br /><br /></div> <div><strong>What are you most passionate about in your research?</strong></div> <div>– Fundamentally, we need to rethink how industry operates to provide social and economic value while respecting the planet’s capacity to support all human activities. This will require a dramatic shift in the way we produce and consume stuff. With the growing awareness and interest in the sustainability challenge, many people are starting to see opportunities rather than limitations. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>– I really believe that we can play a positive role in our planet’s ecosystem if we put our minds to it. After all, that’s what industrial systems do best: if we define sustainability as a desirable output, we will create the industrial processes to deliver it efficiently. It’s not just about “less bad” or “zero impact” on the natural environment. It’s about being good, creating a positive impact wherever we can, and simply doing the right thing.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/melanie-despeisse.aspx">Mélanie Despeisse</a> is employed <span style="background-color:initial">at the division of <a href="/en/departments/ims/research/production-systems/Pages/default.aspx">Production Systems</a>, which belongs to the <a href="/en/departments/ims/Pages/default.aspx">Department of Industrial and Materials Science</a> at Chalmers</span><span style="background-color:initial">​. Her assignment is as </span><span style="background-color:initial">Assistant Professor within the Production Area of Advance.</span></div></div> ​Thu, 29 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Chen concretizes sustainability in manufacturing technologies<p><b>Danfang Chen will give her docent lecture on “Development and Challenges in Sustainable Manufacturing Technology”, at the Department of Industrial and Materials Science.</b></p>Danfang’s current research focuses on sustainable manufacturing technology for powertrain components. For example, how sustainability can be interpreted and integrated in development, evaluation and adaption of manufacturing technologies, i.e., how to concretize the concept sustainability for manufacturing technology from a user’s perspective. This would enable us to use more sustainable manufacturing technologies in the future.<br /><br />Her research background is factory planning and sustainable factory. Her research focus before joining Volvo Group Truck Operations in 2015 was concretizing the concept sustainable development at factory level from a factory planner’s viewpoint. Dangfang lives in Skövde and in her spare time she likes to cook, shop and read books.<br /><br /><a href="/en/departments/ims/calendar/Pages/Docent-lecture---Danfang-Chen.aspx">Docent lecture: <span>“Development and Challenges in Sustainable Manufacturing Technology” </span></a><br />Date: 1 June 2017<a href="/en/departments/ims/calendar/Pages/Docent-lecture---Danfang-Chen.aspx"><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></a><br />Thu, 01 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0200–-Supporting-Less-Energy-reliant-Activities-in-the-Everyday.aspx for a less energy-reliant everyday life<p><b>Anneli Selvefors&#39;s dissertation, &quot;Design Beyond Interventions – Supporting Less Energy-reliant Activities in the Everyday”, explores how energy conservation can be supported from a design perspective.</b></p>Anneli has explored people’s use of energy during everyday activities to understand more about why people may, or may not, prioritize to reduce their energy use during different activities. Additionally, she has evaluated how design can contribute to energy conservation by investigating how the design of an energy feedback system and everyday kitchen appliances such as kettles and toasters, influence energy use in everyday life. The insights gained point to the need of designing artefacts in a way so that they provide preconditions that enable a less energy-reliant everyday life.<br /><br />Anneli holds a Licentiate of Engineering degree in Human-Technology-Design as well as a Master of Science degree in Industrial Design Engineering from Chalmers University of Technology. She became interested in the topic of Design for Sustainability during her undergraduate studies where she had the opportunity to address issues related to energy conservation as part of the Master thesis project, which made her continue exploring this topic as part of her research studies. <br /><br />In the future Anneli will continue to explore opportunities for addressing sustainability challenges through design. She is already involved in a new research project that is looking at how to design products and services for a circular economy. She also aims to start up additional projects on the topic of Design for Sustainability in collaboration with both academia and industry.<br /><br /><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/anneli-selvefors.aspx">Anneli Selvefors</a><br /><a href=""><span>Design Beyond Interventions – Supporting Less Energy-reliant Activities in the Everyday<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></a><br />Date of dissertation: 29 May 2017<br />Department of Industrial and Materials Science<br />Mon, 29 May 2017 00:00:00 +0200öderberg-utnämnd-till-prefekt-för-IMS.aspx Söderberg appointed Head of Department of IMS<p><b></b></p><span>The process of recruiting heads of departments to three of Chalmers newly formed departments is now complete and Rikard Söderberg is the new head of the Department of Industrial and Materials Science. Rikard takes on the role as head of department immediately.<br />The decision has been preceded by consultation with and proposals from a recruitment group consisting of representatives from the two merging departments. Ordinary collaboration with employee organizations according to Chalmers routines has also been applied.<br /><br /><em>&quot;I am very pleased that we have been able to reach this very good solution so quickly. Now, I look forward to working with your entire department under the leadership of Rikard.&quot;</em><br />Rektor Stefan Bengtsson<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br />Fri, 19 May 2017 14:00:00 +0200;t waste the trash<p><b>​Most people can agree that it would be more sustainable to reuse materials in the trash that we throw away to make new products. Even though, it’s not that much of the waste that is being used again. What is it that makes recovering resources from waste so difficult? In the doctoral thesis ”Designing out waste: exploring barriers for material recirculation” by Isabel Ordonez Pizarro we find out what some of the common problems are when it comes to recirculating materials in society and suggestions for how to overcome them.</b></p>​Since the topic is so broad, Isabel has done several studies where she has looked at three different stages that might be needed to recirculate materials in society, and the material flow between these. The stages are production, use of products and disposal of products.<br /><br />– By comparing the results found in all these studies together, we could see that there were six main problems common for all stages. For example lack of reliable information on secondary materials and unclear responsibilities. The results gave us a better understanding of the difficulties for material recirculation in society. To be able to work in waste management, production systems or sustainable consumption, you need to be aware that these are stages inside a larger recirculation system, and that all stages need to move towards the same goal of material recirculation, Isabel says.<br /><br />To be able to reach the goal of material recirculation, Isabel has four suggestions for policy instruments and argues that designers working in the waste management branch would facilitate collaboration with production and waste sorting for users.  <br /><br />Most of the research done in this field have been about how to change the production, for example with ”designing for recycling” or by implementing leasing systems in industry that allows producers to get their products back for remanufacturing and recycling. In Isabel’s research, she chose to see if it is possible to recirculate materials that are discarded today. Starting with waste management instead of production.<br /><br />– Resource recovery from waste has been covered by the waste management branch, but not specifically with the goal of making new products. So, to look at this problem with my professional perspective as an industrial designer is something different and my results are both expected and unexpected. For example, it was expected to see that designing with waste materials is difficult to do. With all the available sustainable design methods I expected more designers to actively include ”End-of-life” considerations when they do product development. I was also surprised to learn how much recyclable or bio-degradable material is being incinerated due to a lack of waste sorting, she says.<br /><br />– In general, I think that people who are interested in circular economy or material recirculation will find my work useful. But I still think that it’s much work left to do. I would like to establish material recirculation hubs in urban areas, where local producers, secondary material providers, waste managers and makers can meet and create new ways of collaborating to enable material recovery. I also find it interesting to develop more efficient, decentralized waste management solutions and I believe that it would help users to sort their waste better, Isabel says.<br /><br />Isabel will be presenting her doctoral thesis ”<a href="">Designing out waste: exploring barriers for material recirculation</a>” on January 27 at 13.00 in Virtual Development Laboratory.<br /><br />After the defence, Isabel would like to apply for new project funding to continue doing research that may help material recirculation. She is also looking forward to finally get some time to do her own design again, with discarded material of course.<br /><br /><span><em>During her doctoral studies, Isabel have collaborated with other PhD students from Borås University, KTH and India. For some of the studies she has worked together with Stena Recycling, Semcon, the housing company Poseidon AB, the office for Sustainable Waste and Water of the City of Gothenburg and the waste management companies Envac and Renova. Her research has received funding from <a href="">Mist</a><span></span><span></span><span></span><span>ra Urban Futures</span>, Mistra Closing the Loop and ÅForsk. </em><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /><br /><strong>Related Research Projects</strong><br /><a href="/en/projects/Pages/Bio-waste-to-Energy-Q-Facilitating-collection-of-bio-waste-in.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Bio-waste to Energy – Facilitating collection of bio-waste in apartment buildings</a><br /><a href="/en/projects/Pages/Municipal-Solid-Waste-Handling---A-Design-Perspective-on-Closing-the-Resource-Loops.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />From Waste to Resources. Municipal Solid Waste Handling: A Design Perspective on Closing the Resource Loops</a><br /><br /><strong>Related articles</strong><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Designing out waste</a><br /><br /><strong>Contact information</strong><br /><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/isabel-ordonez-pizarro.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Isabel Ordonez Pizarro</a><br /><br /><em>Text: Jenny Netzler</em><br /><em>Image: Roger Langvik</em><a href=""></a><br />Fri, 13 Jan 2017 16:00:00 +0100 Digital Revolution - in focus for Wingquist Laboratory<p><b>IT Professor Bo Dahlbom from the University of Gothenburg painted a bright and exciting picture of the future at this year’s highly anticipated Wingquist seminar. The seminar is unique in Sweden and attracted a large audience this year. Researchers and industry representatives gathered to hear about the latest research findings in the field of virtual product realization – and to be inspired by Dahlbom’s keynote speech about the digital revolution. ​​</b></p><p>Many had waited for this year’s Wingquist seminar, and there was a huge demand for places, with a long waiting list and a completely full auditorium.</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Take a look at all the pictures from the seminar here!​</a></p> <p> This year the seminar coincided with the presentation of the Government’s new research bill. Perhaps it was in the background when <a href="">IT Professor Bo Dahlbom from the University of Gothenburg</a> took to the stage as the first speaker.</p> <p>Dahlbom said that in around 1900 Sweden was the poorest country in Europe, but just a few decades later it had become one of the richest countries in the world – thanks to the industrial revolution. Today we have leisure activities, major cities and transport options that were unimaginable just over 100 years ago.</p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Drones, chips and Siri in the digital revolution</h3> <p><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/Wingquist%20VINN%20Excellence%20Center/Karusell%20WQL-dagen2016/Bo%20Dahlbom_WQL-dagen2016_340x340.png" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:250px;height:250px" /> Dahlbom believes that we are now in the digital revolution. Can we dream about the possibilities of the future now? Will they include autonomous cars that park themselves outside of town at night? Drones that fill the sky and take care of all transport runs? Chips implanted under the skin (like a form of digital tattoo) that update us on our health? Or that all your wishes can come true at the touch of a button – or via Siri? Dahlbom says that Swedish strategies for digitalisation are currently lagging behind and are based on the past rather than the future.</p> <p>Reindustrialisation of Sweden is not enough; instead we need to think in an entirely new way and Dahlbom highlights examples such as several companies with platforms where ownership of the product does not constitute the focal point – for instance, Apple, Uber and Airbnb. In Dahlbom’s opinion, in the same way that the major company Ford and the oil companies were the driving forces in the industrial revolution, today major companies such as Google, Amazon and Facebook are creating the global playing field. How do Swedish companies such as Atlas Copco, Sandviken and Volvo fit into that development? Dahlbom urged the companies to increase their visibility and urged everyone with children to buy this year’s Christmas present: a VR headset. Today’s 10 year olds are the people who best understand the digital development and can help us progress.</p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How is Volvo going digital?</h3> <p><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/Wingquist%20VINN%20Excellence%20Center/Karusell%20WQL-dagen2016/Thomas%20Lezama_WQL-dagen2016_340x340.png" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:250px;height:250px" /> As a representative of R&amp;D at the Volvo Group, <a href="">Thomas Lezama</a> immediately took on the challenge of increasing visibility and described how Volvo is working to harness the opportunities of digitalisation and realise the ideas. He described a transition from focus on production to focus on consumption, and how customers can become more involved in product innovations. Volvo wants to use electronics, computer-based systems, communications technology and sensors to create intelligent products, services, production systems and business solutions. As a basis he mentioned nine different technologies and enablers: cloud services, Big Data, simulations, the Internet of Things, cybersecurity, system integration, augmented reality, 3D printing and autonomous robots.</p> <p>Lezama also specifically raised the subject of additive manufacturing as an area in which Volvo has now already been able to make major savings. As an example he showed the audience a manifold that previously consisted of several components joined together, but that can now be printed as one single component.</p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Platforms, visual control and automatic evaluation</h3> <p>The platform approach that Bo Dahlbom talked about fits in well with the focus of The platform approach that Bo Dahlbom talked about fits in well with the focus of <a href="/en/centres/wingquist/research/research-groups/Pages/systems-engineering-plm.aspx">the research team System Engineering &amp; PLM</a>. Professor Hans Johannesson and doctoral students presented new methods and tools for describing and efficiently reusing information from product and production platforms.</p> <p><a href="/en/staff/Pages/amer-catic.aspx">Amer Catic</a> spoke about knowledge recycling by scaling down the volume of information to simple checklists and making it easily accessible to new engineers. He also presented a new book that he has written together with <a href="/en/staff/Pages/dagb.aspx">Dag Bergsjö</a> and <a href="/en/staff/Pages/dansten.aspx">Daniel Stenholm​</a>. The book explains how information technology can provide better support and visual control.</p> <p><a href="/en/staff/Pages/christoffer-levandowski.aspx">Christoffer Levandowski</a> and <a href="/en/staff/Pages/jonas-landahl.aspx">Jonas Landahl</a> showed examples from the aviation industry and a method for automatically being able to evaluate whether a product proposal can be manufactured or not. Timo Kero from Volvo GTT gave a demonstration of software called CCM (Configurable Component Modeller), which manages object-oriented system platforms and makes it easy at an early stage in product development to set up a model for the product characteristics that interact with and affect each other and those that do not.</p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Energy-efficient automation and the tweeting factory</h3> <p><a href="/en/centres/wingquist/research/research-groups/Pages/automation.aspx%3EThe%20research%20group%20Automation%3C/a%3E%20primarily%20works%20on%20robots%20in%20the%20production%20system%20and%20focuses%20on%20improving%20efficiency.%20%3Ca%20href=">Professor Bengt Lennartson</a>, the head of the research team, presented a recently completed EU project, in which the results showed a decrease of up to 30% in energy consumption in robots and a 70% reduction in peak consumption. <a href="/en/staff/Pages/martin-fabian.aspx">Professor Martin Fabian</a> demonstrated a new model for specifying, optimising and checking a production system. <a href="/en/staff/Pages/kristofer-bengtsson.aspx">Kristofer Bengtsson</a> and <a href="/en/staff/Pages/dahlm.aspx">Martin Dahl</a> described how best to plan and follow up robot movements using the open source software, Sequence Planner. Gentle robot movements use less energy than rapid ones. Bengtsson has also been the driving force in the project concerning the tweeting factory, in which short simple text messages are sent from transmitters throughout the factory – and are processed in a system that can transform and refine the information. Bengtsson finished by demonstrating how cloud services can be used to optimise robot movements.</p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Virtual matching and combination problems</h3> <p>It was subsequently time for the Director of the centre, <a href="/en/staff/Pages/rikard-soderberg.aspx">Professor Rikard Söderberg</a> to present his own research team, <a href="/en/centres/wingquist/research/research-groups/Pages/geometry-assurance-robust-design.aspx">Geometry Assurance &amp; Robust Design</a>. The team has developed the software, RD&amp;T, which can be used to perform statistical simulation of how much a product varies in shape and size, for example. The software can also show the degree of stability of a combination of several components and its sensitivity to variation. <a href="/en/staff/Pages/Soner-Camuz.aspx">Soner Camuz</a> demonstrated an example from industry partner Sandvik Coromant, which develops cutting tools. Precision is of utmost importance for a tool, and working with tolerances results in major improvements.</p> <p><a href="/en/staff/Pages/anders-forslund.aspx">Anders Forslund</a>, who has recently publicly defended his doctoral thesis, reported on results from the aviation industry. In order to reduce fuel consumption, the aircraft needs to reduce its weight, which is why the ambition is to be able to weld components together to create a product that was previously cast in one piece. That entails a combination problem. In what sequence must you select parts to weld them together for the best result? Eleven parts produce more than three million different combinations. Forslund presented how he has succeeded in simulating the best sequence. <a href="/en/staff/Pages/julia-madrid.aspx">Julia Madrid</a> researches within the same area and presented a generic model for quality assurance of welded structures in an aircraft engine. Her research shows that the shape of the individual component and the thickness and flatness of the welding material all determine how small the gap will be between the parts and whether they vary in height or parallelism.</p> <p><br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/Wingquist%20VINN%20Excellence%20Center/Karusell%20WQL-dagen2016/Björn%20Lindau_WQL-dagen2016_710x340.png" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><em style="background-color:initial">Björn Lindau presented ground-breaking research on virtual matching - a solution where he uses statistical methods to find the perfect match between metal parts in e.g. a car body.</em><br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p><a href="/en/staff/Pages/bjorn-lindau.aspx"></a><a href="/en/staff/Pages/bjorn-lindau.aspx">Björn Lindau</a><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(51, 51, 51);font-weight:300"> completed the session by presenting ground-breaking research on an automatic way of performing virtual matching of vehicle body parts. In the automotive industry, experimentation previously took place using phys</span><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(51, 51, 51);font-weight:300">ical test series to find the best way to assemble vehicle bodies. That method requires very considerable resources and does not closely resemble how body assembly actually takes place. Lindau showed how a virtual solution using statistical methods can do this automatically and with heightened precision instead. Virtual matching results in major savings in the form of time, money and material consumption.</span><br /></p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Collision-free motions and a virtual oven</h3> <p>The final research team of the day was <a href="/en/centres/wingquist/research/research-groups/Pages/geometry-motion-planning.aspx">Geometry &amp; Motion Planning</a> led by <a href="/en/staff/Pages/johanca.aspx">Dr Johan Carlson</a> from the <a href="">Frauhofer-Chalmers Centre</a>. This team uses mathematical tools and algorithms to produce efficient and collision-free movements for operators and robots in manufacturing industries.<a href=""> Jonas Kressin</a> gave a live demonstration during the seminar, in which the IPS software performed automatic, collision-free track planning for a welding station with four robots. <a href="">Daniel Gleeson</a> then took over the demonstration and showed examples of how the robot movements can be optimised to save as much time as possible. In the next presentation <a href="">Domenico Spensieri</a> showed how when you build or remodel a factory you can place the robots in such a way that results in the shortest possible cycle time. <a href="">Niclas Delfs</a> demonstrated Imma, the virtual human in the factory, who now cannot only move in a stable, collision-free and balanced way, but can also calculate movements that result in the least musculoskeletal strain.</p> <p><a href="">Fredrik Edelvik </a>ended this section by describing his objective to move the entire paint shop into a computer. Surface treatment is the process in an automotive factory that uses the most energy, chemicals and water, while also producing the most waste. Previously the painting process itself was in focus, but Edelvik now demonstrated the virtual oven. Heat is used to dry the paint, but it also has a major impact on the size and shape of a product. It is therefore very important to be able to simulate what happens in the oven. “We have now addressed the painting and the oven. The next step is the ED coating process, and then we’ll take it step by step until we manage to simulate the entire factory,” said Edelvik.</p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Smart Assembly 4.0</h3> <p>The day concluded with <a href="/en/staff/Pages/rikard-soderberg.aspx">Professor Rikard Söderberg</a> Director of the centre, returning to the stage to talk about a prestigious project that the centre has been assigned responsibility for: <strong>Smart Assembly 4.0</strong>. The ambition in the project is very high. The objective is to realise the idea of an autonomous, self-optimising and robotised assembly factory.<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/Wingquist%20VINN%20Excellence%20Center/Karusell%20WQL-dagen2016/Rikard_WQL-dagen2016_710x340.png" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><em>Professor Rikard Söderberg Director of the centre, presents a prestigious project that the centre has been assigned responsibility for: <strong>Smart Assembly 4.0</strong>.​</em><br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Did you miss the link to the pictures before? Here it is again!​</a></p> <p><br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p>Text: Nina Silow</p> <p>Photo: <a href="">Chalmers Film- &amp; Fotocommitté​ (CFFC)​</a>​​</p>Wed, 14 Dec 2016 12:00:00 +0100 Thesis Project Evening - A Successful Match Between Companies and Students<p><b>​Companies such as Alten, Astra Zeneca, CEVT, GKN Aerospace, Volvo and many more came to Chalmers on the evening of October 4 to recruit students to engage in their master thesis projects at their respective company. A total of 28 well-known companies presented project proposals for more than 200 students from the master programs Production Engineering, Product Development, Applied Mechanics, Automotive Engineering and Materials Engineering.</b></p>​– This is a brokerage event for master thesis projects, where we want to match companies with our students. It is important for the companies to find students willing to engage in their master thesis work but the event is also a possibility for the students to learn about the huge opportunities they have when it’s time to do their thesis work, says Erik Hulthén, Master program director at Product Development.<br /> <br />The event was a big success, the study hall was crowded with exhibiting companies and the response from the many participants were really positive.<br /> <br />– This year the companies brought a lot of different suggestions, and the best part is that there is only companies with actual master thesis proposals that are present and it is our belief that many matches were made today, Erik says.<br /><br /><strong>Companys that participated this year:</strong><br /><ul><li>ALTEN</li> <li>Asko</li> <li>AstraZeneca</li> <li>AVL/Vicura</li> <li>Bentler engineering</li> <li>CEVT</li> <li>Chalmers - Radivo</li> <li>GKN Aerospace</li> <li>Kollmorgen</li> <li>MARM</li> <li>National Electric Vehicle Sweden AB (NEVS)</li> <li>Vattenfall/Ringhals</li> <li>SAAB</li> <li>Semcon Sweden</li> <li>SKF</li> <li>Smartilizer</li> <li>Swedish Match</li> <li>Swerea IVF</li> <li>Uniso Technologies</li> <li>VNU</li> <li>Volvo Truck</li> <li>Volvo Penta</li> <li>Volvo cars</li> <li>ÅF</li> <li>Chalmers Optimerings arena</li> <li>Göteborgs Tekniska College</li> <li>Aqua Robur</li> <li>Sicomp</li></ul> <p></p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">More information</h2> <p></p> <p><a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Production-Engineering.aspx"><img src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" alt="" />Production Engineering</a><br /><a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Product-Development.aspx"><img src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" alt="" />Product Development </a><br /><a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Applied-Mechanics.aspx"><img src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" alt="" />Applied Mechanics </a><br /><a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Automotive-Engineering.aspx"><img src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" alt="" />Automotive Engineering </a><br /><a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Materials-Engineering.aspx"><img src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" alt="" />Materials Engineering </a><br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p><em>Text: Jenny Netzler</em><em><br />Pictures by: Anna-Lena Persson</em><br /> </p> <p><br /></p>  Wed, 05 Oct 2016 14:00:00 +0200