News: Produktionhttp://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterNews related to Chalmers University of TechnologyThu, 26 Nov 2020 02:30:54 +0100http://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/production/news/Pages/Grants-to-infrastructure.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/production/news/Pages/Grants-to-infrastructure.aspxGrant to infrastructure related to metals and production<p><b></b></p>​<div><span style="background-color:initial">The Swedish Research Council has decided on the applications to be awarded grants within &quot;<b>Grant for</b> <b>accessibility to infrastructure&quot;</b>. They received 41 applications, of which 11 have received grants from a total amount for 2020-2024 of 80 million SEK.</span><span style="background-color:initial">​</span><div><div><br /></div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">The Chalmers Production Area of Advance is part of a application together with Lunds University, via <span>Anders Mikkelsen, </span><span style="background-color:initial">Professor at Synchrotron Radiation Research. The project title is &quot;</span><span></span><span style="background-color:initial">Metals and production @ </span><span style="background-color:initial">the next generation of sources: Bridging the gap from basic science to production for the metal and production industry&quot;. The research subject areas are </span><span style="background-color:initial">composite materials and technology, machining and surface technology and participating from Chalmers is <b>Lars Nyborg</b> and <b>Uta Klement</b>.</span></p> <span></span><div></div> <div></div> <div>​<br /></div> <span style="background-color:initial"></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><em><strong>The background:</strong></em></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><em>The Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet) was mandated by the Government to work towards ensuring researchers based in Sweden participate to a greater degree in the construction and development of research infrastructure, and towards making research infrastructure more accessible and more used by the business and public sectors.</em></span><br /></div> <div><div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://www.vr.se/english/applying-for-funding/decisions/2020-09-08-grant-for-accessibility-to-infrastructure.html" target="_blank" title="Link to VR web"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />See approved grants</a></div> <div><br /></div></div></div> ​Thu, 26 Nov 2020 10:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/wingquist/news/Pages/Most-read-article-ever.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/wingquist/news/Pages/Most-read-article-ever.aspxMost-read article in record time<p><b>​An article produced by researchers related to Wingquist Laboratory is the most-read article ever, and in the record time of 14 months. The subject of interest: Perceived Quality.</b></p><div><div><span style="background-color:initial"><img src="/en/centres/wingquist/PublishingImages/Journal%20of%20Engineering%20Design.png" alt="Screenshot of the journal" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px;width:281px;height:306px" /><br /><br />The research paper &quot;Perceived Quality of Products: a Framework and Attributes Ranking Method has drawn a lot of attention. It recently became the the most-read article in the Journal of Engineering Design since they started measurements in 2011. </span><br /></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Authors are Professor <b><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/rikard-soderberg.aspx" title="link to profil page">Rikard Söderberg</a></b>, and Dr. <b><a href="/en/staff/Pages/stylidis.aspx" title="link to profil page">Kostas Stylidis</a></b>, from the Department of Industrial and Materials Science, Chalmers University of Technology, together with Dr. <b><a href="https://research.chalmers.se/person/casper">Casper Wickman​</a></b>, Volvo Cars. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The rapid growth of interest in the <b>Perceived Quality </b>research indicates that the industry and academia recognized and accepted the proposed paradigm shift, making the vision of Geometry Assurance and Robust Design research group a new standard in this area.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The <b>Journal of Engineering Design</b> is a leading international publication that provides an essential forum for dialogue on important issues across all disciplines and aspects of the design of engineered products and systems.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09544828.2019.1669769" target="_blank" title="link to article"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read the article​</a></div> ​Thu, 26 Nov 2020 09:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/wingquist/news/Pages/Scientific-excellence-combined-with-industrial-benefits.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/wingquist/news/Pages/Scientific-excellence-combined-with-industrial-benefits.aspxScientific excellence combined with industrial benefits<p><b>​How do you succeed in running a successful research centre for 20 years? According to Rikard Söderberg the formula is commitment, business drive, patience and a focus on the end user.</b></p><div>The Wingquist Laboratory is a centre for digital product realisation. Its research has led to software that can perform all types of calculations, from the magnitude of the deviation that can be accepted during mass production of a product or how to design a component so that it is easy to replace from a purely ergonomic perspective, through to how to improve the factory environment where cars are built. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Success factors</b></div> <div>One of the success factors is its close collaboration with industry, which involves the joint identification of new problems and the formulation of research topics – for the benefit of many. Research is conducted in four areas: Systems Engineering Design, Geometry Assurance &amp; Robust Design, Geometry &amp; Motion Planning and Automation.</div> <div>“Since our inception 20 years ago, we have produced <b>770 scientific publications</b>, carried out <b>150 research projects</b> and taken research out to Sweden’s shop floor, through the <b>56 doctoral students</b> who have passed via us out into industry,” says Rikard Söderberg, Director of the Wingquist Laboratory. “In addition, some <b>180 companies</b> have adopted our research into their daily operations in various ways, via our software, methods and other results.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The anniversary celebrations will begin on <b>2 December </b>through a digital campaign which includes technology videos, case studies, interviews and discussions. But first let’s take a look back – how and why was the Wingquist Laboratory founded?</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/wingquist-laboratory/?viewAsMember=true" target="_blank" title="link to Wingquist page on Linkedin"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" /> Follow the Wingquist Laboratory’s celebrations</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><b><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/Wingquist%20laboratory/Gerbert-1.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Challenges of globalisation</b></div> <div>In the 1990s Sweden was strongly impacted by its accession to the EU, the new competitive conditions of globalisation and the fact that digitalisation took off. </div> <div>“This really shook up Swedish industry, especially the motor industry. Ford’s acquisition of Volvo Cars and GM’s acquisition of Saab caused great concern that product development and production would disappear from the country,” says Söderberg.</div> <div>In order to meet the challenges, Nutek (Vinnova’s predecessor) launched a multidisciplinary IT project in the engineering industry. The aim was to investigate how the engineering industry could benefit from academic research into IT and production. Söderberg ran one of the subprojects:</div> <div>“In my ‘3D tolerance management’ projects, we thought a lot about how we in the academic world could support industry. We focused on how we could retain the areas we were good at in Sweden whilst also increasing the use of IT in industry.”</div> <div><em>Above photo: The then Dean of the Mechanical Engineering Section, Göran Gerbert, came up with the idea of starting a product and production development centre focusing on computer-aided simulation and launched an initial preparatory steering group with Hans Johannesson, Anders Kinnander and Rikard Söderberg. </em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Inspired by a Swedish industrialist </b></div> <div>Söderberg, who had recently returned to Chalmers after a spell in industry, was asked if he would like to head up a new centre. The aim was to support product realisation, product development and manufacturing. In addition, industry’s need for production systems with shorter lead times, a faster time-to-market and a high level of preparedness for integrated development should be met. </div> <div>“We agreed to focus on virtual development for manufacturing industry,” Söderberg explains.</div> <div>The centre was named the Wingquist Laboratory after the man who discovered the spherical roller bearing and founded SKF, Sven Wingquist. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><b><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/Wingquist%20laboratory/690x-828_industri-forskningspartners.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px 10px;width:395px;height:474px" /><br />Close collaboration with industry</b></div> <div>The essence of the Wingquist Laboratory’s research is close collaboration with industry. Today the laboratory has nine industrial partners. Volvo Cars, AB Volvo and GKN (previously Volvo Aero) have been involved from the outset. Other industrial partners are Scania, Sandvik, Ikea, Saab, IPS and RD&amp;T Technology. Initially Söderberg and his colleagues put a lot of work into talking to industry about their needs.</div> <div>“They thought it was hard to grasp what Chalmers could offer. They got a bit here and there from various departments but there was no single entry point to Chalmers,” he says. “Today the Wingquist Laboratory is an arena where Swedish industry can collaborate with Chalmers in strategic areas for product realisation.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>VINN Excellence Centre</b></div> <div>At about the same time as the Wingquist Laboratory was founded, a rumour went round about a future call for proposals via SSF (the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research). Söderberg and his team, Johan S Carlson, Bengt Lennartson and Hans Johannesson, did some thorough preparatory work.</div> <div>“The call for proposals was for a total of SEK 70 million,” he says. “We succeeded in getting all three projects approved and managed to secure SEK 28 million, despite stiff competition.”</div> <div>Then, in 2004, when the first call for proposals came for Vinnova’s competence centre, the Wingquist Laboratory could showcase the successful strategy used on the projects and the benefits the centre provided. Out of 160 applicants, the Wingquist Laboratory was selected as one of 15 VINN Excellence Centres and an important milestone had been attained.</div> <div>The Wingquist Laboratory’s time in VINN Excellence (Vinnova’s research programme) extended over a ten-year period with steady funding and recurring evaluations. Research was conducted on three themes: Platform-based Development, Smart Assembly and Perceived Quality. </div> <div>“The evaluations were quite tough, but it strengthened us both scientifically and industrially,” Söderberg says. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Interlinked methodology</b></div> <div>A successful model based on some key interlinked aspects was used from the outset (below):</div> <div>In order to launch a project in Wingquist there had to be a scientific challenge and an industrial need. “If these match up, we launch a project,” Söderberg says. “A project is normally concluded with a demonstrator, in other words a form of prototype, modified working method or industrial evaluation. In the Product and Use phase the results are implemented in industry, for instance through customer-specific solutions and training.</div> <div>“The fact that we as researchers see industry’s needs and develop constructive solutions together with the companies is only one of the strengths we can demonstrate. But we learn a great deal though collaboration and ensuring that our expertise and industry’s needs are matched up.” </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/Wingquist%20laboratory/690x390_Research%20implementation%20model.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /><b style="background-color:initial">Competing companies share knowledge</b><br /></div> <div>The fact that they compete in their everyday operations is not something that has prevented Scania and AB Volvo from participating in the centre.</div> <div>“AB Volvo has its headquarters in Gothenburg and is a very obvious partner. Being able to include Scania later on, is something we are proud of. We see it as proof that we are developing things that are of great benefit to both of them. Both companies now use the RD&amp;T and IPS software which we commercialised.” </div> <div>The research has primarily benefited the motor industry, but more recently several companies have joined the centre, including IKEA. Söderberg explains: </div> <div>“We have a joint project on geometry assurance, in other words getting all the parts to fit together. Regardless of whether it’s an aircraft engine or a Billy bookcase to be assembled, the parts must fit together.</div> <div>“You come across these problems everywhere and the technology can be applied to many different types of products. Since the motor industry is highly competitive, it has been quicker to take interest in this research area. But we’re seeing increased interest from more sectors now,” he says.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Global breakthrough</b></div> <div>Over the years several software applications have been further developed in the Wingquist Laboratory. Two of them have been commercialised. Since Chalmers does not develop and sell commercial software, a company, RD&amp;T Technology (simulation for geometry assurance) was founded, which sold its first licence to Volvo Cars back in 1998. IPS (Industrial Path Solutions) is another software application that was commercialised in 2004.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Work done in the spin-off companies falls outside the Wingquist Laboratory and does not directly provide scientific added value. However, the software takes the research out to the factory floor where it provides benefits and is utilised by thousands of users globally in large companies. This is also an important mechanism for finding out what works and what is needed next.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Satisfaction from running a centre</b></div> <div>The Wingquist Laboratory has delivered research of a recognised high quality and has produced 770 scientific publications since its inception. But Söderberg is most proud of the fact that the research is put to use in industry. </div> <div>“I’m motivated by developing something that is ‘for real’ and used industrially – by putting an idea into practice! My personal objective has always been to ensure that there’s ultimately a customer that wants what we offer.” </div> <div>“I wanted to create diversity when I built our team: to find people who complemented one another and could work together. Essentially you have to have similar core values. But you have to give everyone the chance to shine in their own area, while ensuring they contribute to the project as a whole,” he says.  </div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Industrial needs keep evolving</b></div> <div>Platform technology, systems, product development, geometry assurance, motion planning for robots and automation are such key areas for industry that they are still relevant research areas. But companies are now asking for more and more automation and for the support of digital tools for various types of optimisation, analysis and visualisation. </div> <div>Söderberg says: “They also want digital information flows, brought from earlier development phases, to be taken throughout the entire chain. They are also asking for the aftermarket, maintenance and so on to be taken care of in the future.” He continues:</div> <div>“Many are also looking for the real-time adjustment and optimisation of production. It can be compared to a control system in which digital twins deal with the different mechanical and physical phenomena and variations that arise in real life.” </div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Smart and environmentally sustainable factories</b></div> <div>There is an example of this in the SSF project Smart Assembly 4.0 which has a vision of the self-compensating factory.</div> <div>“This may involve matching up the right bits, adjusting fixtures and equipment and choosing the right sequence in spot welding, for example,” he explains. “Our methods can already reduce variation by an additional 50%. Apart from the financial return, it’s also more environmentally sustainable, since it reduces both waste and the use of materials.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Continued contribution to digitalisation</b></div> <div>Söderberg thinks that this is only the start and that the Wingquist Laboratory will continue to contribute to industry’s digitalisation, both in terms of the flow of information and the relevant engineering activities, towards a more or less automated process.</div> <div>“Over our 20 years of existence we have continuously evaluated ourselves to ensure that our research is relevant and is at the cutting edge. This is crucial in order to deliver peak performance academically while continuing to be relevant to industry,” he says. “And, hopefully we can continue to do so for at least another 20 years,” concludes Söderberg with a smile.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/company/wingquist-laboratory/?viewAsMember=true" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Follow the Wingquist Laboratory on Linkedin</a></div> <div><a href="https://twitter.com/WingquistLab" title="link to twitter account" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Follow Wingquist Laboratory on Twitter​</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> ​Thu, 19 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Inauguration-lecture-Eduard-Hryha-IMS.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Inauguration-lecture-Eduard-Hryha-IMS.aspx​Inauguration lecture Eduard Hryha IMS​ for Professor in Powder Metallurgy and Additive Manufacturing.<p><b>Welcome to listen to Eduard Hryha&#39;s lecture &quot;Effect of the powder surface chemistry on powder consolidation by different powder metallurgy and additive manufacturing technologies&quot;. On-line presentation.</b></p><strong>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MoT/Profilbilder/EduardHryha_sp.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br />Public lecture - Eduard Hryha</strong><div>November 30, 15:00<br /><strong></strong><div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><br /></strong></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><br /></strong></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><br /></strong></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><br /></strong></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><br /></strong></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><br /></strong></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><br /></strong></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><br /></strong></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><br /></strong></span></div> <div><strong></strong><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Abstract</strong></span><div>Metal powder is a raw material used for variety of manufacturing technologies, starting from large-scale manufacturing of precision parts for e.g. automotive industry by conventional powder metallurgy (PM) to the customized manufacturing of high-end product by additive manufacturing (AM) for e.g. aerospace and biomedical applications.</div> <div>Metal powder is characterised by large surface area that is about 10 000 times larger than the surface of a bulk material of the same mass. This results in high surface reactivity of the powder and hence high sensitivity of the powder to e.g. oxidation, starting from powder manufacturing and following powder handling and processing using variety of powder metallurgy and additive manufacturing processes. This is especially important in case of reactive metals as Ti- and Al-alloys and complex alloys containing elements with high sensitivity to oxygen as Ni-base super-alloys, stainless steels, tool steels, etc. In order to assure necessary powder quality, variety of powder manufacturing methods are used for powder manufacturing, selection of which is based on powder alloy composition, required purity, powder quantity and cost. However, powder surface chemistry will undergo significant changes in terms of oxide transformation and distribution in the consolidated material, that is determined by the powder alloy composition and consolidation process applied. Hence, powder surface chemistry determines requirements to the consolidation process and its efficiency as well as properties of the consolidated material when it comes to the final density and mechanical performance. </div> <div>Analysis of the powder surface chemistry and the assessment of thermodynamics and kinetics of surface reactions are of prime importance for understanding the changes in surface composition related to the process conditions during powder consolidation. Such understanding is of vital importance for manufacturing of oxide-free high-performance components. The analysis is typically performed by means of advanced surface characterisation and thermal analysis techniques in combination with the modelling of the effect of processing conditions. Such experimental input in combination with thermodynamic simulation allows to establish generic models of oxide reduction/formation/transformation in different alloy systems during powder consolidation using different powder metallurgy processes (conventional press&amp;sinter, hot isostatic pressing, liquid phase sintering, etc.) as well as powder-based additive manufacturing (powder bed fusion, binder jetting, material extrusion, etc.). </div> <div>Keywords: powder metallurgy, powder-based additive manufacturing, surface oxide, powder consolidation, oxide transformation.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/hryha.aspx" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />More about Eduard Hryha</a></div> <div><a href="https://chalmers.zoom.us/j/69608779668" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Link to lecture</a></div> <div>Password: 601464<br /></div> <div><br /></div> </div></div> ​Mon, 16 Nov 2020 15:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/production/news/Pages/Third-time-for-research-associates-programme.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/production/news/Pages/Third-time-for-research-associates-programme.aspxAn opportunity to try life as a researcher<p><b>​​The programme, with the aim to attract talented students into a research career, is attracting more and more students. Johan Malmqvist sums up the third year version of the programme.​</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Tell us a bit about the Research Associate Programme </span></h3> <div> </div> <div>&quot;The programme has the aim of connecting students within our master programmes to researchers within the area of Production.  The students will work in a project, run by one of our faculty members. The students contribute by lab experience, performing interviews, literature searchers and so forth. Hopefully they will get a taste of what research work is like and maybe become PhD students in the future,&quot; says Johan Malmqvist, Co-Director Area of Advance Production​ and responsible for the programme.</div> <div> </div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">&quot;This is the third time and we have gone from 4 students to 5 a year. There were 15 students applying for 2020, so we can see that many students wish to connect with our researchers. We think the programme is developing in a very nice way.&quot;</span><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">How many projects and in what areas?</span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;We have been running 5 projects this year within material, additive manufacturing, and big data analysis. Some of the projects interact with each other. This year we connected the student working with big data analysis with the additive manufacturing (AM) project, so that he used data generated in AM process.</div> <div> </div> <div>We estimated that they have to work one day/week during a semester. Well spent hours, I think.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">How did it turn out this year?</span></div> <div> </div> <div> <div>&quot;This year’s programme worked very well, despite the Covid-19 challenges. The students did excellent work, with several scientific articles on their way. The programme continues during 2020/21 and I am happy to see a very high student interest!”​<br /></div></div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Projects 2020: </h3> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><b><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kqwSVCW72d8&amp;feature=youtu.be">Supercritical CO2 Textile Dyeing</a></b><span style="white-space:pre"> </span></div> <div> </div> <div><b>Sumanth Sai Mikkilineni</b>, master student Industrial Ecology</div> <div> </div> <div>Supervisors: Björn Johansson and <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0z8FEEtjVgc&amp;t=11s">Arpita Chari</a></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b>Big data analysis in additive manufacturing chain of activities</b></span><span style="background-color:initial;white-space:pre"> </span></div> <div> </div> <div><b>Dominika Hamulczuk</b>, master student Product Development</div> <div> </div> <div>Supervisor: <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K1t7rQTA4aw">Ola Isaksson</a></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="https://youtu.be/Ff1PIf9FuGc%E2%80%8B">The influence of digitalization and servitization on the role of the quality management profession in Swedish manufacturing firms</a></div> <div> </div> <div><b>Quoc Hung Dang</b>, master student in Quality and Operations Management</div> <div> </div> <div>Supervisor: Ida Gremyr</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4yXWw9BwV30&amp;feature=youtu.be">Development of a digital platform to evaluate heat transfer in <span style="background-color:initial">innovative porous ceramic materials for aeronautical turbines</span>​</a><span style="background-color:initial;white-space:pre"> </span></div> <div> </div> <div><b>Sourav Nanda Kumar</b>, master student in Applied Mechanics</div> <div> </div> <div>Supervisor: Gaetano Sardina</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b>Metallurgical characterization of automotive crankshafts made from recycled and iron-ore based steel</b></span></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b>Bharath Mandara</b>
</span></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Supervisors: Uta Klement and Philipp Hoier</span></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> <strong></strong></div>Thu, 29 Oct 2020 02:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Investors-believe-in-Chalmers-startup-Yolean.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Investors-believe-in-Chalmers-startup-Yolean.aspxInvestors believe in Chalmers startup Yolean<p><b>​​Yolean is a startup company from Chalmers that develops software tools for visual planning and control of complex projects. Every mistake in the synchronization within a development or construction project risks delays and large cost increases. Yolean has shown that it is possible to shorten lead times from 6 to 2 months in advanced building constructions.</b></p><div>Yuncture Invest, Almi Invest and Chalmers venture choose to invest SEK 4.6 million in Yolean's operations. Investors express high hopes for Yolean's business model.</div> <div> </div> <div>– Yolean addresses a clear customer problem and offers a clear customer value, especially in the construction industry. Therefore, we believe that they have good opportunities to succeed in a large, international market, says Björn Westman, Investment Manager at Almi Invest.</div> <div> </div> <div>Amer Catic and Dag Bergsjö, researchers in the Division of Product Development, are two of the founders of Yolean, which was started in 2014. There are now ten employees and over 50 different customers who use Yolean's software for visual planning and control. The largest project to date is the expansion of Drottning Silvia's Children's Hospital in Gothenburg. Amer Catic, CEO of Yolean, is very pleased with the investment.</div> <div> </div> <div>– With investors on board, we can now take the next step and scale up the business to help even more customers get better projects, says Amer.</div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Concrete software instead of PowerPoints and bullet points</h2> <div>Yolean, together with Volvo Group and Flexlink AB, are also involved in the research project Kidsam, which aims to create an increased understanding of the connected industry's need to run collaborative projects in supply chains. The project is to some extent inspired by a methodology used in the construction industry to handle several different suppliers simultaneously and thus reduce the need for control and administration.</div> <div> </div> <div>– Kidsam is a typical example of how we in Sweden can collaborate between different industries, between universities, companies and startup companies to quickly produce new innovations. The combination is extremely valuable for Chalmers through the direct contact we get with the need owners and the opportunity for a researcher to be able to evaluate and influence the solutions directly. It is no longer PowerPoints or bullet lists that are produced in the research project, but concrete software that will benefit many future customers through Yolean, says Dag Bergsjö.</div> <div> </div> <div>Since the start of the research project Vis-IT, Yolean has developed prototypes and software that focus on the end user's needs. Many iterations and experiments later, Yolean is today something as unusual as a startup company with both high growth and positive results. The investment will be used, among other things, for recruitment, marketing and increased establishment in the Scandinavian countries and Germany.</div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Contact</h2> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/amer-catic.aspx">Amer Catic</a></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/dagb.aspx">Dag Bergsjö</a></div>Fri, 23 Oct 2020 10:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Phase-field-modeling-.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Phase-field-modeling-.aspxPhase-field modeling of stress-induced precipitation and kinetics in engineering metals<p><b>​Claudio Nigro, Doctoral Student at Engineering Materials​ IMS, defends his doctoral thesis.</b></p>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Övriga/div%20nyheter%20o%20kalender/Claudio%20sharepoint.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /><span style="background-color:initial">Public defence</span><div><div>2020-10-22 09:00</div> <div><a href="/sv/styrkeomraden/produktion/innovationslabb/vdl/Sidor/Karta%20och%20adress.aspx">Virtual Development Laboratory, VDL</a></div> <div>​Examiner: Christer Persson, IMS<br /></div> <div>Opponent: Professor Reinhart Pippan, Austrian Academy of Science, Austria</div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="font-weight:700">Popular science description</span></div> <div><span></span><span></span><div>In their operating environment, metals can undergo a modification of their material properties. In specific cases, the formation of compounds, such as rust, more brittle than the rest of the material, can induce a decrease of the carrying capacities of a metallic structure. Such phenomena combined to the application of a mechanical load can lead to drastic material failures. In nuclear power plant and space rockets, some key structures are exposed to hydrogen, whose interaction with titanium or zirconium-based materials can give rise to hydrogen embrittlement through the formation of brittle hydride.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>To prevent dramatic outcomes, the study of such phenomena appears clearly necessary. In order to reduce the costs and possible impacts on the environment, the means of simulation is preferred to experiment. In this thesis, mathematical models and numerical methodologies, based on modern tools, such as phase field theory, linear elastic fracture mechanics and finite element method, are developed and analyzed to investigate the formation of material compounds in metallic structures operating in specific environments and loading conditions. A particular attention is given to the formation of hydride near opening crack tips, areas of high stress concentration. The models and methods presented in this thesis allow to capture many relevant aspects with numerical efficiency.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In the future, the integration of such models and methodologies in commercial software could contribute to the increase of cost and time efficiency of engineering projects.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://research.chalmers.se/en/publication/?id=519290" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read the thesis</a></div> <div><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/in/claudio-f-nigro-66235ba3" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Claudio Nigro on linkedin</a></div> <div><br /></div></div> ​Mon, 12 Oct 2020 09:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Weldability-of-Cast-Superalloys-.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Weldability-of-Cast-Superalloys-.aspxWeldability of Cast Superalloys - Effect of homogenization heat treatments on hot cracking susceptibility of cast Alloy 718, ATI® 718Plus®, and Haynes® 282®<p><b>​Sukhdeep Singh, Doctoral Student at Materials and manufacture​ IMS, defends his doctoral thesis.</b></p><p><span style="background-color:initial">The dissertation  will take place on </span><span style="background-color:initial">2020-10-23 15:00,</span><span style="background-color:initial">  in </span><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/production/society-industry/laboratories/virtual%20development%20laboratory/Pages/Map-and-adress.aspx">Virtual Development Laboratory​</a></span></p> <div>Examiner: Lars Nyborg, IMS<br /><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/sv/styrkeomraden/produktion/innovationslabb/vdl/Sidor/Karta%20och%20adress.aspx"></a></span><div>Opponent: Associate Prof. Carl Cross, Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA</div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><span style="background-color:initial"><b>Popular science presentation</b></span><span style="font-weight:700">​</span><br /></div> <div>Ni- and Ni–Fe-based superalloys are used in high-temperature sections in the rear end of aero engines owing to their superior mechanical properties compared to those of the other alloys. Traditionally, structural components have been manufactured as single piece castings. However, the recent trend for the fabrication of hot structural components has changed, instead of the traditional single piece castings, to welding of wrought parts in sections, where high strength is required, and cast parts, where complex geometrical shapes are needed. This can be challenging, as superalloys are prone to weld-cracking phenomenon known as “hot cracking”. Especially, the cast materials are known to be more prone to cracking owing to the higher extent of segregating phases that remain from the casting process. </div> <div>Traditionally, Alloy 718 has been used for manufacturing hot structural components of aero engines. New alloys, such as ATI® 718Plus® and Haynes® 282® have been introduced over the past decade in view of the need for materials that could surpass the maximum operative temperature of Alloy 718 thereby improving the overall aero engine efficiency. The cast versions of ATI® 718Plus® and Haynes® 282® have been developed during the recent years; however, very little is known about their weldability performance. Prior to welding, hot isostatic pressing treatments are performed to homogenize the material and eliminate any porosity that remained from the casting process. Although the standards for HIP treatment of cast Alloy 718 have matured in the aerospace industry, no such standard heat treatments are available for the cast versions of ATI® 718Plus® and Haynes® 282®. In the current study, different heat treatments were performed to investigate the homogenization effect on the segregating phases. Moreover, the effect of homogenization heat treatments on the heat-affected zone liquation cracking was evaluated by means of Varestraint and Gleeble weldability tests. The results contribute to better understand the relationship between microstructural changes and the susceptibility towards cracking. This knowledge can be used to in the production to select appropriate homogenization heat treatment treatments in production and ultimately avoid the cracking problems during welding.</div></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><a href="https://research.chalmers.se/en/person/ssingh" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about <span></span><span style="background-color:initial">​</span><span style="background-color:initial">Sukhde</span><span style="background-color:initial">ep Singh</span></a></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/in/sukhdeep-singh-a7623957/" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Sukhdeep Singh Linkedin​​</a></span></div></div> <div><br /></div> ​<div><a href="https://chalmers.zoom.us/j/64691269609" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />​​ZOOM link to defence​</a><div><span></span><span></span> Password: 935030 ​​</div></div>Fri, 09 Oct 2020 16:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Deformation-and-Fatigue-Behaviour-.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Deformation-and-Fatigue-Behaviour-.aspxDeformation and Fatigue Behaviour of Aluminium Alloys for High Specific Power IC Engine applications<p><b>​Elanghovan Natesan, Visiting Researcher at Engineering Materials​ IMS, defends his doctoral thesis.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Public defence</span><div>2020-10-29 09:00 - 13:00</div> <div><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/production/society-industry/laboratories/virtual%20development%20laboratory/Pages/Map-and-adress.aspx" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Virtual Development Laboratory (VDL)</a></div> <div>Examiner: Christer Persson, IMS</div> <div>Opponent: Dr. Svjetlana Stekovic, Linköping University, Sweden</div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong>Popular science description</strong><div><div>The natural tendency of metals is to expand when they are heated and contract again upon cooling. But what happens if this free expansion and contraction of the material is restricted? Actually, we stress the material and induce permanent shape change in the structure by deforming it plastically! Furthermore, when such heating-cooling cycles are repeated in structures that are inhibited against free expansion or contraction, we induce damage in the metallic material. Every time we start our cars, such loading is experienced by certain parts of the car engine. In cold climates, temperatures range from sub-zero to over 200 °C, rapidly increasing during start-up and cooled back again upon engine turn off. The number of such start-stop cycles have been increased owing to recent trends in vehicle electrification. This places even higher demands on the engineers to design structures that can avoid premature failures. For a cost and time efficient product development process, computer aided design methods are used which rely on accurate mathematical models that can predict the material response to applied loads and foresee any damage caused in the material.</div> <div>In this thesis, we study the various factors that affect the material deformation and fracture behaviour at the temperatures expected in vulnerable parts of combustion engines. This enables us to develop reliable numerical models that can aid the design and development process and minimize the need for expensive and time-consuming physical testing. The results of the study enable us to better understand how the material behaves under loading and will help us design products that have a predictable performance and thus contribute to a successful electrification experience!</div></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://research.chalmers.se/en/person/natesan" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />More about Elanghovan Natesan​</a></div> <div><br /></div>Fri, 09 Oct 2020 16:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Maja-Barring---Fellow-in-the-World-Economic-Forum's-Global-Future-Council.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Maja-Barring---Fellow-in-the-World-Economic-Forum's-Global-Future-Council.aspxMaja Bärring - Fellow in the World Economic Forum&#39;s Global Future Council<p><b>​Maja Bärring has been appointed Fellow in the World Economic Forum&#39;s network Global Future Council. The Global Future Council consists of leaders from academia, international enterprises, such as Siemens, Apple, Ralph Lauren and more, with the aim of strengthening innovative thinking and creating a more resilient, inclusive, and sustainable future. The fellowship is given to a young researcher in the area.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The Global Future Council has different thematic areas and Maja Bärring will, for one year, participate in the council that handles the Future of Advanced Manufacturing and Production.</span><div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Congratulations Maja! What do you hope to achieve during this year as a Fellow of the Global Future Counc​il?</h2> <div>— Thank you! This position will give me a unique insight into what the selected representatives from academia, industry, and governments view as the current challenges and opportunities in advanced manufacturing and production in the world. I am looking forward to learning more about how an agenda is created and the collaboration between private and public is done to drive this area forward at a global scale. I would also like to make sure that the small and medium enterprises are included in the agenda since their perspective is as important in the digital transformation that takes place in the manufacturing area. </div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">What is your research ​focus?</h2> <div>— The manufacturing industry sometimes makes wrong and unnecessary investments because they are not fully aware of their production processes and do not utilize the full capacity of their production equipment. With the method that I have developed, data can describe a machine’s capacity. Sensors and other technical tools can give a machine a voice to communicate with other machines and humans. This data and information support management and the production employees in making decisions that are based on facts instead of how it is mostly done today, based on experience and guesses. </div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">How do you view future manufacturing? </h2> <div>— An important focus of the WEF at the moment is how supply chains will restart after the interruptions that were caused by COVID-19 on a global scale. To use digital technologies in manufacturing to create more data-driven decision-making is something I view as an important prerequisite to prepare the manufacturing industry to be able to handle interruptions without having to close down production completely. </div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">More information</h2> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/maja-barring.aspx">Maja Bärring</a> is active <span>is active <span></span>at the division of Production Systems, Department of Industrial and Materials Science <span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /></div> <div><a href="https://www.weforum.org/communities/gfc-on-advanced-manufacturing-and-production">About World Economic Forum's Global Future Council thematic area Advanced Manufacturing and Production</a></div> Thu, 08 Oct 2020 10:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/Efficiency-in-production-using-generic-technical-language.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/Efficiency-in-production-using-generic-technical-language.aspxEfficiency in production when using generic technical language<p><b>​If the same technical language is used in all stages of a production process, the time from design to market can be significantly shortened. This has been proved by researchers from Chalmers University of Technology participating in a European project, recently awarded the ITEA Award of Excellence for innovative work in digital engineering tools.</b></p>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Effektivare%20produktion%20när%20tekniken%20talar%20samma%20språk/Petter_Falkman_200px.jpg" alt="Petter Falkman" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px;width:150px;height:211px" /><span style="background-color:initial">The project has engaged eleven partners in Sweden and Germany – from large companies such as Volvo and Daimler to cutting-edge companies as Algoryx, and also researchers from academia.</span><div><br /></div> <div>“Our overall purpose was to develop a concept of how the lead times of the automotive industry can be shortened from design to market. The transformation from manual and paper-based engineering work to an automation-driven digital system is in focus”, says Petter Falkman, associate professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering and the leader of Chalmers’ involvement.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Digital flow of information</strong></div> <div>The project has been analysing how the flow of information through the production process can be digitised, and digital tools for use in the development of such systems have also been designed. In addition, a prototype was elaborated, showing how the physical factory and the simulated model of the factory can be kept updated and synchronised during the entire life cycle of the production.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The aim was to reach a 30 percent degree of standardisation to shorten the lead times in the production process. Now, after summarising the project, the involved parties can conclude that this intention has been satisfactorily fulfilled. An increased standardisation implies that the effort required for manual documentation can be reduced to the same extent. Thus, information concerning components can easily be transferred between companies and applied into the production systems immediately, without re-engineering. This provides the engineers of the automotive factory with a better and more efficient support for their decision-making, resulting in that about 10 percent less time is needed for solving the task.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“At Chalmers, we have mainly worked with the formalisation of the specification work in early preparatory phases, modeling of equipment and components for designing the digital twin, and also developed methods to keep the twin updated automatically”, says Petter Falkman.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>A copy of the real world </strong></div> <div>Volvo Trucks’ cab factory in Umeå has been the venue for demonstrations and full-scale testing. A portal machine for riveting of plates was modeled into a complete simulation model for the actual robot cell – a digital twin.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In the virtual twin, production changes can be prepared with great accuracy and the commissioning times decreased. This requires that the digital copy conforms to and behaves like the reality.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In addition, time and money can be saved if a simulation model is used to perform tests and adjustments, prior to the building of the actual production facility, so-called virtual commissioning.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Awarded for their innovation</strong></div> <div>The ENTOC project was recently recognised for its innovations by ITEA, an organisation with the assignment to strengthen the competitiveness of European industry in research and development. The project was given the ITEA Award of Excellence, an annual innovation award that goes to successful project collaborations performed in the European Union.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“It’s great that our work is being recognised. The winning concept is our distinct goals, and also the good collaboration among the participants, even across national borders”, says Petter Falkman, now hoping for a continuation within the ITEA framework.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>So far, the results of the project are promising as a concept, but continued development is required to get a complete functionality that is scalable for industrial use.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“We would like to continue our work and have applied for funding for a new project, AITOC. For example, it would be interesting to further develop the automation sequence which is being used to update the digital twin via artificial intelligence, so that it always conforms with the physical factory.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><div>Text: Yvonne Jonsson</div> <div>Photo: Volvo Trucks and Oscar Mattsson (portrait photo)</div></div> <div>​<br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://itea3.org/press-release/press-release-the-next-stage-in-virtual-engineering-and-commissioning.html" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read the press release about the Award of Excellence</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em style="background-color:initial"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Effektivare%20produktion%20när%20tekniken%20talar%20samma%20språk/entoc2020_2-750x340px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="Digital twin factory" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br />A portal machine for riveting of plates was modeled into a complete simulation model for the actual robot cell – a digital twin. In the virtual twin, production changes can be prepared with great accuracy and the commissioning times decreased. This requires that the digital copy conforms to and behaves like the reality.</em><br /></div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b></b></span><strong>Facts about ENTOC</strong></div> <div>The ENTOC project – Engineering Tool Chain for Efficient and Iterative Development of Smart Factories – was a project run for three years (2016-2019) as a part of the EU's ITEA3 program.</div> <div>From Sweden, besides Chalmers University of Technology and Volvo Trucks, the companies Algoryx and Schneider Electric AB participated. At an overall level, the project was led by the German automotive company Daimler, and the collaboration also included EDAG, IFAK, Festo, Tarakos, EKS InTec and TWT.</div> <div>The Swedish part of the project was financed by the industrial parties and by Vinnova.</div> <div><a href="http://entoc.eu/" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more on the website of the ENTOC project​</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>For more information, contact:</strong></div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/petter-falkman.aspx">Petter Falkman</a>, Associate Professor at the department of Electrical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology</div> <div><a href="mailto:%20petter.falkman@chalmers.se">petter.falkman@chalmers.se</a></div> <div><br /></div>Thu, 08 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Jon-Bokrantz’s-thesis-“Smart-Maintenance---maintenance-in-digitalised-manufacturing”-receives-highly-commended-award.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Jon-Bokrantz%E2%80%99s-thesis-%E2%80%9CSmart-Maintenance---maintenance-in-digitalised-manufacturing%E2%80%9D-receives-highly-commended-award.aspxJon Bokrantz’s thesis on Smart Maintenance is highly commended<p><b>​Jon Bokrantz doctoral thesis ”Smart Maintenance - maintenance in digitalised manufacturing” has received the Highly Commended Award in the Emerald/EFMD Outstanding Doctoral Research Award 2020.</b></p><div>​The competition reviews doctoral theses presented around the globe during the past year and gives awards to those that have demonstrated high academic excellence and strong industry impact. Jon’s thesis <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/en/publication/?id=512579">“Smart Maintenance – maintenance in digitalized manufacturing”</a> competed in the category Operations &amp; Production Management, which was judged by the editorial board of the leading scientific journal International Journal of Operations and Production Management. </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Smart Maintenance is an enabler for digitalised manufacturing</h2> <div>The purpose of the thesis is to ensure high performance manufacturing by means of implementing Smart Maintenance – the future of maintenance in digitalised manufacturing. To support the industry in this development, a holistic understanding of modernised and efficient maintenance is needed, along with clear descriptions and empirical measurements of Smart Maintenance in manufacturing plants. The thesis explores future scenarios for maintenance in digitalised manufacturing, describes the concept of Smart Maintenance, as well as develops and validates a measurement instrument to assess Smart Maintenance in manufacturing plants. The research has been conducted in close collaboration with industry and involved hundreds of industry experts, which has led to that the results are now extensively used to support the strategic development of manufacturing companies across the country. </div> <div> </div> <div>— I am delighted to receive the Highly Commended Award as a recognition of my five years of hard work as a Ph.D. student. My research has always been driven by the combined pursuit of academic excellence and industrial impact, and this award will encourage me to continue on this path in both research and education. I also want to take the opportunity to thank Anders Skoogh for his inspiration and support in his role as a supervisor, as well as Cecilia Berlin and Johan Stahre for their encouragement and advice during my time as a Ph.D. student.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/jon-bokrantz.aspx">Read more about Jon Bokrantz</a>, researcher at the division of Production Systems, Department of Industrial and Materials Science</div> <div><span><a href="https://research.chalmers.se/en/publication/?id=512579">Read the thesis “Smart Maintenance – maintenance in digitalized manufacturing”</a> <span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /></div> <div> </div> Mon, 05 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/What-will-product-development-look-like-in-2040.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/What-will-product-development-look-like-in-2040.aspxWhat will product development look like in 2040?<p><b>​What will product development look like in 2040, and what part will the engineer play? In a report, authored by researchers Prof Ola Isakson from Chalmers and Prof Claudia Eckert from the Open University, over twenty representatives from leading companies and academia give their view on the future of product development.</b></p><div>​Even though new technology is often hyped up, there are clearly visible trends - both in society and technology - that will change the way products are developed, manufactured and consumed. The report <a href="https://www.designsociety.org/publication/43268/Product+Development+2040">Product development in 2040</a> is based on interviews and a workshop with experienced European engineers across Europe.</div> <div> </div> <div>Companies will become solution providers rather than manufacturers. Greater emphasis will lie on integrated systems where products can fulfil many needs. A car battery can for example be used for energy storage, but have the car and battery been designed to be used in this way? Modularization will play an important role to meet the needs of different applications and users. Digitalization will permeate every part of our lives and as products are becoming more connected a systems approach becomes even more important. Products will be to some extent cyber-physical systems based on an open architecture, which enables and requires both continuous product development. The means of design will shift significantly, in particular when considering how technological aids can be utilized. </div> <div><br /> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Who should read this report and why?</h3> <div>—  We can see that many of technological trends now are coming together. For the industry it is important to be aware of how these likely changes play out in the long run so that they can use the full potential and adapt their recruiting and business models. As a researcher it is important to be able to develop relevant tools and methods, and educators must be ready to put the necessary skills in place. Digital literacy will become a key factor with enormous importance, and I fear that there will be a competence shortage in this area, says Claudia Eckert.</div> <div> <img alt="Product development 2040" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Produktutveckling/Figur%209.jpg" style="margin:5px" /><br /><em>Complementary dimensions of future product development</em></div> <div><em></em><br /> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What will be the major changes in product development?</h3> <div>—  It’s not about the development of one or two new groundbreaking technologies. It’s about the integration of many different technologies into a coherent system, and designers will be in the focus to make this happen, says Ola Isaksson.</div> <div> </div> <div>—  The report covers many aspects of product development, but I would like to mention how additive manufacturing will probably break up the way supply chain is working today. There will also be a mixture of modern and old systems that are being kept alive because we don’t have the resources to replace them due to environmental reasons, says Claudia Eckert.</div> <div> </div> <div>—  There are evidence and incentives for a shift from linear to circular economy. Governments stimulate this change and the market behavior expect these changes and seek to satisfy and maturing the new technologies. The exact pace of this shift will depend on the pressure from society and companies’ ability to adapt into new business models, says Ola Isaksson. </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What will the engineering profession look like in 2040?</h3> <div>—  We can see that there is a major trend of diminishing boundaries between the engineering disciplines, and a greater need for mathematical and statistical skills. Generalists are more likely to stay within the same company while specialist expertise is bought on demand, says Claudia. <br /></div> <div> </div> <div>—  There will be a need for both generalists and specialists, but engineers must be better systems thinkers. I think that the key question is how we can use deep specialist knowledge to create an overall effect, says Ola. </div> <div><div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">​​Read the full report</h2></div> <div> <div>The report can be downloaded here:<a href="https://www.designsociety.org/publication/43268/Product+Development+2040"> <br /></a></div> <div><a href="https://www.designsociety.org/publication/43268/Product+Development+2040">https://www.designsociety.org/publication/43268/Product+Development+2040</a><br /></div></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">The authors</h3> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/iola.aspx">Ola Isaksson</a> is professor in Product Development and leader of the Systems Engineering Design research group at Chalmers University of Technology.  <br /></div> <div> <br /></div> <div><a href="http://www.open.ac.uk/people/cme8">Claudia Eckert</a> has been Professor of Design at the Open </div> <div>University since 2013.</div> <div><div>  </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Funding and support</h2></div> <div> <div>This research was supported by a project funded by eSTEeM – The OU centre for STEM pedagogy, Project Reference 18E-CE-EI-01’ and Chalmers University of Technology via the Area of Advance Production.</div> <div><img alt="Funding and support" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Produktutveckling/Funding%20and%20support.JPG" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br />Published by: The Design Society, Glasgow, United Kingdom<br /></div></div></div> <div><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="Design society" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Produktutveckling/designsocietylogo_web.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:265px;height:80px" /><br /><br /><br /> </div> <div> </div> ​​Tue, 29 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/Areas-of-Advance-Award-for-wireless-centre-collaboration.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/Areas-of-Advance-Award-for-wireless-centre-collaboration.aspxAreas of Advance Award for wireless centre collaboration<p><b>​Collaboration is the key to success. Jan Grahn and Erik Ström, who have merged two Chalmers competence centres, GigaHertz and ChaseOn, to form a consortium with 26 parties, know this for sure. Now they receive the Areas of Advance Award 2020 for their efforts.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">A competence centre is a platform for knowledge exchange and joint projects. Here, academia and external parties gather to create new knowledge and innovation. The projects are driven by need, and can be initiated from industry – who have a problem to solve – or from the research community, as new research results have generated solutions that may be applied in industry.</span><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Stronger as one unit</h2> <div>The competence centre GigaHertz focuses on electronics for high frequencies, while ChaseOn focuses on antenna systems and signal processing. They overlap in microwave technology research, which is relevant for communication and health care, as well as defense and space industry. And even if some areas differ between the two centres, numerous points of contact have been developed over the years. The two directors – Jan Grahn, Professor at Microtechnology and Nanoscience, and Erik Ström, Professor at Electrical Engineering – saw that close collaboration would result in obvious advantages. In 2017, the two centres therefore formed a joint consortium, bringing together a large number of national and international companies.</div> <div>“Formally, we are still two centres, but we have a joint agreement that makes it easy to work together”, says Erik Ström.</div> <div>“For Chalmers, it is a great strength that we are now able to see the whole picture, beyond departmental boundaries and research groups, and create a broad collaboration with the companies. This is an excellent example of how Chalmers can gather strength as one unit”, says Jan Grahn.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Multiplicity of applications</h2> <div>Technology for heat treatment of cancer, detection of foreign objects in baby food, antenna systems for increased traffic safety, components to improve Google’s quantum computer, 5G technology and amplifiers for the world’s largest radio telescope… The list of things that have sprung from the two competence centres is long. The technical development has, of course, been extreme; in 2007, as GigaHertz and ChaseOn were launched in their current forms, the Iphone hit the market for the very first time. Technology that today is seen as a natural part of everyday life – such as mobile broadband, now almost a necessity alongside electricity and water for most of us – was difficult to access or, at least, not to be taken for granted.</div> <div>The companies have also changed, which is noticeable in the flora of partners, not least for GigaHertz.</div> <div>“In the early 2000s, when our predecessor CHACH centre existed, the collaboration with Ericsson was dominant. Today, we collaborate with a much greater diversity of companies. We have seen an entrepreneurial revolution with many small companies, and even though the technology is basically the same, we are now dealing with a multiplicity of applications”, says Jan Grahn.</div> <div>As technology and applications developed and changed, the points of contact between the two centres grew, and this is also what initiated the merger:</div> <div>“When we started, in 2007, we were competing centres. The centres developed completely independently of each other, but have now grown into one. The technical convergence could not be ignored, we simply needed to start talking to each other across competence boundaries – which in the beginning was not so easy, even though today we view this as the obvious way forward”, says Erik Ström.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Research to benefit society</h2> <div>The knowledge centres are open organisations, where new partners join and collaborations may also come to an end. Several companies are sometimes involved together in one project. Trust and confidence are important components and take time to build. One ground-rule for activities is the focus on making research useful in society in the not too distant future.</div> <div>Chalmers Information and Communication Technology Area of Advance can take some of the credit for the successful collaboration between GigaHertz and ChaseOn, according to the awardees.</div> <div>“Contacts between centres were initiated when I was Director of the Area of Advance”, says Jan Grahn.</div> <div>“The Areas of Advance show that we can collaborate across departmental boundaries, they point to opportunities that exist when you work together.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">They believe in a bright future</h2> <div>The competence centres are partly financed by Vinnova, who has been nothing but positive about the merger of the two. Coordination means more research for the money; partly through synergy effects and partly by saving on costs in management and administration.</div> <div>The financed period for both GigaHertz and ChaseOn expires next year. But the two professors are positive, and above all point to the strong support from industry.</div> <div>“Then, of course, we need a governmental financier, or else we must revise the way we work. I hope that Vinnova gives us the opportunity to continue”, says Erik Ström.</div> <div>“The industry definitely wants a continuation. But they cannot, and should not, pay for everything. If they were to do so, we would get a completely different type of collaboration. The strength lies in sharing risks in the research activities by everyone contributing funds and, first and foremost, competence”, says Jan Grahn.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">“Incredibly fun”</h2> <div>Through their way of working, Erik Ström and Jan Grahn have succeeded in renewing and developing collaborations both within and outside Chalmers, attracting new companies and strengthening the position of Gothenburg as an international node for microwave technology. And it is in recognition of their dynamic and holistic leadership, that they now receive the Areas of Advance Award.</div> <div>“This is incredibly fun, and a credit for the entire centre operation, not just for us”, says Erik Ström.</div> <div>“Being a centre director is not always a bed of roses. Getting this award is a fantastic recognition, and we feel great hope for the future”, concludes Jan Grahn.<br /><br /><div><em>Text: Mia Malmstedt</em></div> <div><em>Photo: Yen Strandqvist</em></div> <br /></div> <div><strong>The Areas of Advance Award</strong></div> <div>With the Areas of Advance Award, Chalmers looks to reward employees who have made outstanding contributions in cross-border collaborations, and who, in the spirit of the Areas of Advance, integrate research, education and utilisation. The collaborations aim to strengthen Chalmers’ ability to meet the major global challenges for a sustainable development.<br /><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/centres/ghz/Pages/default.aspx">Read more about GigaHertz centre</a></div> <div><a href="/en/centres/chaseon/Pages/default.aspx">Read more about ChaseOn centre​</a></div> <div>​<br />Areas of Advance Award 2019: <a href="/en/news/Pages/Areas-of-Advance-Award-given-to-research-exploring-the-structure-of-proteins.aspx">Areas of Advance Award for exploring the structure of proteins​</a></div> Thu, 10 Sep 2020 08:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Digital-design-experiments-develops-next-generation-aircraft-engine.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Digital-design-experiments-develops-next-generation-aircraft-engine.aspxDigital design experiments develop next generation aircraft engine<p><b>​Open Rotor is a new type of aircraft engine delivering up to 20 percent reduced fuel burn than today&#39;s turbofan engines. Chalmers, together with the University of Cambridge and Fraunhofer FCC, is leading a project that studies aspects of manufacturing during the design phase.</b></p><p></p> <div>The next generation of aircraft engines is being developed in the large European Joint Undertaking <a href="https://www.cleansky.eu/">Clean Sky 2</a>. Open Rotor is one of the concepts that has shown promising results when it comes to reducing both CO<sub>2</sub> emissions and noise. Open rotor is a new engine type with two, counterrotating, propellers that radically improve propulsive efficiency. This type of technology radically changes how the engines are designed and integrated with the aircraft. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Produktutveckling/Open%20Rotor%203%20-®%20Eric%20Drouin%20Safran_400px.jpg" alt="Open Rotor 3 -® Eric Drouin Safran" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" style="margin:5px 15px;width:170px;height:259px" />Within Clean Sky 2, Chalmers, together with Cambridge University and Fraunhofer FCC, is now leading a project called Development of Interdisciplinary Assessment for Manufacturing and Design (DIAS).<br /><br />DIAS is a targeted support project, where the goal is to develop support for integrating manufacturability aspects already in the design phase, where advanced decision support models are developed. For example, it is critical that robots get to weld the components properly. In the DIAS project, Chalmers latest research results are used in modeling alternative concepts enabling digital experimentation of alternative product architecture, with Fraunhofer's expertise in simulating robotic paths, and Cambridge's expertise in interactive decision-making and modeling-based risk analysis.<br /><br /></div> <div><br /><em>–    We have a unique opportunity to combine the latest achievements from Chalmers, Fraunhofer FCC and Cambridge, into a new and powerful way to support GKN Aerospace in their integration of next generation technologies already in the concept phase, says Ola Isaksson, researcher at Chalmers and leader of the consortium.</em><br /><br />GKN Aerospace Sweden AB in Trollhättan is responsible for critical engine components of Open Rotor engines. Ultimately, the goal is to enable the methods developed in the DIAS project to enable GKN Aerospace to offer the technologies demonstrated in Clean Sky in future business.<br /> <br /><em>–    We are very happy that this Chalmers led consortium won this Call for Partners. The competition was indeed very tough and this shows that Chalmers is a leading University in this important area in Europe, says Robert Lundberg (Director EU Programmes) at GKN Aerospace Sweden.</em><br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">More information about DIAS and Clean Sky</h2> <div><a href="https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/887174" title="Link to the DIAS project">https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/887174<br /></a></div> <div><span>This project has received funding from the Clean Sky 2 Joint Undertaking (JU) under grant agreement No 887174. The JU receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and the Clean Sky 2 JU members other than the Union. The information on this web page reflects only the author's view and that the JU is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Produktutveckling/EU_logo.png" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px 20px;width:258px;height:179px" /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Produktutveckling/JU_logo.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px 25px;width:330px;height:186px" /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><br /></h2> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Contact</h2> <div><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/iola.aspx">Ola Isaksson</a>, professor Department of Industrial and Materials Science at Chalmers University of Technology<br /></div> <div>ola.isaksson@chalmers.se</div> <div><span style="float:none;font-family:&quot;open sans&quot;, sans-serif;font-size:14px;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;display:inline !important">+46 31 7728202</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Robert Lundberg<em>, </em><span>Director EU Programmes GKN Aerospace</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:calibri, sans-serif"></span>+46 700 872371 </div> <div><a href="https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/887174"></a></div></div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p></p> <br /><p></p>Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0200