News: Informations- och kommunikationsteknikhttp://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterNews related to Chalmers University of TechnologyMon, 04 Jul 2022 13:12:56 +0200http://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/Are-Swedens-climate-goals-in-line-with-the-Paris-Agreement.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/Are-Swedens-climate-goals-in-line-with-the-Paris-Agreement.aspxAre Sweden's climate goals in line with the Paris Agreement?<p><b>This issue has been debated lately in Sweden. The results depend on how the global emission budget is scaled down and distributed among countries. The choice of method comes down to ethical questions and is ultimately a political decision. Three researchers from Chalmers - Johannes Morfeldt, Christian Azar and Daniel Johansson - come to the following conclusions in a recent report: </b></p><ul><li>​​<span style="background-color:initial">Sweden's (territorial) emission target is compatible with the 1.5 degree target given that the global carbon dioxide emission space is distributed evenly per person and year.</span></li> <li>Sweden's (territorial) emissions target is compatible with the 1.5-degree target, even if we also take historical responsibility for our carbon dioxide emissions from sometime in the 1990s.</li> <li>If Sweden takes responsibility for emissions further back in time, we would need more ambitious goals (than the current ones).</li></ul> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/JohannesM-ChristianA-DanielJ-170x510.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />IP</strong></span><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>CC has estimated</strong> the amount of carbon the world can emit in order to meet the 1,5 degree target (a carbon budget). In order to determine how much each country can emit within this global budget, i.e., to scale down the emission budget to a national level, various principles of equity may be applied. The choice of principle may have a significant impact on the results. </span><br /></div> <div><strong style="background-color:initial"><br /></strong></div> <div><strong style="background-color:initial">Finally,</strong><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><strong style="background-color:initial">the researchers address</strong><span style="background-color:initial"> the role of science in this debate. Science is central to calculating what global emission space is left to reach a certain temperature target. But science cannot determine which distribution principle is right. How the remaining emission space is to be distributed between countries is basically an ethical and political issue and not an issue that science can decide.</span><br /></div> <div><br /><strong>Dowload the report</strong> (Swedish): <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/publication/?id=530543">Nationella utsläppsmål utifrån Parisavtalet och internationella rättviseprinciper – analys av Sveriges territoriella klimatmål</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://research.chalmers.se/publication/?id=530543"></a><div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/morfeldt.aspx">Johannes Morfeldt</a>, Researcher, Department of Space, Earth and Environment, <span style="background-color:initial">, Chalmers University of Technology</span><span style="background-color:initial">.</span><span style="background-color:initial">​</span></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/christian-azar.aspx">Christian Azar</a>, Professor of Energy and environment, Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><a href="/en/staff/Pages/daniel-johansson.aspx">Daniel Johansson​</a>, Associate Professor, Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology.​</div> <br /><strong>Read More:<br /></strong><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/Must-some-countries-do-more-than-others.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Must some countries do more than others?</a><br /><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/We-must-take-action-instead-of-arguing-how-costly-it-might-be.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />We must take action instead of arguing how costly it might be</a><br /><a href="/en/departments/see/news/Pages/History-fossil-dependence.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Can history teach us how to reduce fossil reliance?</a></div> <div><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/production-gap.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />&quot;Do something constructive of the report's message&quot;​</a><br /></div> <div><br /></div>Thu, 16 Jun 2022 07:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/materials/news/Pages/2022-tandem-seminar.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/materials/news/Pages/2022-tandem-seminar.aspx2022 year's Tandem Webinars<p><b>​Here you will find 2022 all Tandem Webinars. All the webinars can be watched afterwards via Chalmers Play. </b></p><div></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b>Upcoming webinars:</b><br /><div>8 September, <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/materials/Calendar/Pages/Tandem-WebinarNew-Insulation-Materials-for-High-Voltage-Power-Cables.aspx">New Insulation Materials for High Voltage Power Cables</a></div> <div>5 October, <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/materials/Calendar/Pages/Tandem-Webinar-Metallic-nanoalloys-for-next-generation-optical-hydrogen-sensors.aspx">Metallic nanoalloys for next generation optical hydrogen sensors</a><br />November, TBA</div> <br /><b>Wat</b></span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">ch 2022 year´s seminars on Chalmers Play</span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">:<br /><br /></span><div><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">11 April</span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">: </span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">TANDEM SEMINAR</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="font-weight:700;background-color:initial">– </span><span style="background-color:initial"><b>Perspectives on cellulose nanocrystals<br /></b></span><span style="font-size:16px">In this tandem webinar</span><span style="font-size:16px;background-color:initial"> </span><span style="font-size:16px">we have two hot topics dedicated to Cellulose nanocrystals: Cellulose nanocrystals in simple and not so simple flows &amp; Using liquid crystal phase separation to fractionate cellulose nanocrystals.</span><br /></div> <div><a href="https://play.chalmers.se/media/Tandem%20Webinar%20%E2%80%93%20Perspectives%20on%20cellulose%20nanocrystals/0_lqpv4rvq" style="outline:0px"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Watch the webinar on Chalmers Play</a><div><br /></div> <div><div><span style="font-weight:700">Program:</span></div> <div><ul><li>Moderator: Leif Asp, Co-Director Chalmers Area of Advance Materials Science</li> <li>C<span style="background-color:initial">ellulose nanocrystals in simple and not so simple flows, <a href="/en/staff/Pages/roland-kadar.aspx">Roland Kádár</a>, Associate Professor, Chalmers University of Technology.</span></li> <li>U<span style="background-color:initial">sing liquid crystal phase separation to fractionate cellulose nanocrystals.<a href="https://wwwen.uni.lu/recherche/fstm/dphyms/people/jan_lagerwall"> Jan Lagerwall</a>, Professor at the Physics &amp; Materials Science Research Unit in the University of Luxembourg.</span> </li></ul></div></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="font-weight:700;background-color:initial">30 May: </span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">TANDEM SEMINAR</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">– </span><b><span></span>Lipid nanoparticles for mRNA delivery</b><br /><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="https://play.chalmers.se/media/Watch%20the%20webinar%20%E2%80%93%20Lipid%20nanoparticles%20for%20mRNA%20delivery/0_4y0mw1ss"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Watch the webinar on Chalmers Play</a><br />Organizer: Chalmers Area of Advance Mater</span><span style="background-color:initial">ials Science.<br /></span>The role of supramolecular lipid self assembly and protein corona formation for functional mRNA delivery to cells. Two hot topics will be covered by Elin Esbjörner and Fredrik Höök​.<br /><div><br /></div> <div><ul><li>Moderator: Maria Abrahamsson, Director of Materials Science Area of Advance </li> <li><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Fredrik-Höök.aspx">Fredrik Höök</a>, <em>Professor, Nano and Biophysics, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology</em>.</li> <li><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Elin-Esbjörner-Winters.aspx">Elin Esbjörner</a>, </span><i>Associate Professor, Biology and Biological Engineering, Chemical Biology, Chalmers University of Technology.</i></li></ul></div></div> <div> <div><strong>Read more:</strong></div></div></div> <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/materials/news/Pages/2021-tandem-seminars.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />2021 year's Tandem Webinars</a>​.​Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/AI-for-climate-policy-.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/AI-for-climate-policy-.aspxAI for climate policy<p><b>EU’s Horizon Europe programme, with its focus on societal impact, is a fast-track to get your research out to society. Adel Daoud is one of the Chalmers researchers that Chalmers AI Research Centre supports to engage in the programme.​</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">What can be seen from above can tell us much about our behaviour. By looking at satellite images from years back and compare with today can show how political decisions and financial policy impacts society in the long run. For <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/daoud.aspx">Adel Daoud</a>, Affiliate Docent, <a href="/en/departments/cse/research/dsai/Pages/default.aspx">Data Science and AI</a> division at the <a href="/en/departments/cse/Pages/default.aspx">Department of Computer Science and Engineering</a>, the impact aspect of his science is important. Working in a mix between social science and technology, makes his research quite unique.<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/CHAIR/news/AI%20for%20climate%20policy/Adel-Daoud-3.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:237px;height:237px" /><br /><br /></span><div><br /></div> <div>“Getting engaged in EU-project is both a way for further funding, but also to reach commercialisation and social entrepreneurship and impact for my research”, says Adel Daoud. <span></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Chalmers AI Research Centre offers support for AI researchers at Chalmers to find and apply to <a href="https://ec.europa.eu/info/research-and-innovation/funding/funding-opportunities/funding-programmes-and-open-calls/horizon-europe_en">Horizon Europe</a> calls. The EU is investing more than ever in climate mitigation and adaptation and the centre wants to see more Chalmers researchers getting engaged in the programme. </div> <div>AI is essential in many of Horizon Europe’s calls, and Adel Daoud combines it with utilizing the European satellite programme <a href="https://www.copernicus.eu/en">Copernicus</a>. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“My combination of research fields combined with the so many specific calls within the EU makes it hard to find the perfect matching call. Getting support from CHAIR and their team of experts in the beginning of my EU-journey has really been key for me”, says Adel Daoud.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The work led to an application to the call that the centre’s experts had detected. Adel Daoud is now engaged in an international consortium, led by a Finnish university.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“My ambition now is to get experience to later coordinate coming European projects”, says Adel Daoud.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>If the project is granted, Adel Daoud will explore the effect political decisions have had on climate, using AI-algorithms and image recognition on satellite images in Europe and Africa. He will concretise what effect policy has on the balance between industrial development vs the energy transition. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>EU-support funding through Chalmers AI Research Centre did a first round in 2021/2022. It resulted in applications to Horizon Europe for three research teams. The centre will now take the next step in EU-support and include it in new centre activities that will start in the autumn of 2022. ​<br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Read more about Adel Daoud's research <a href="/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/Measuring-poverty-through-satellite-images.aspx">here</a>.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Text:</strong> Mats Tiborn<br /></div>Tue, 31 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/An-intelligent-and-social-drone.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/An-intelligent-and-social-drone.aspxAn intelligent and social drone<p><b>​Have you ever met a polite drone? In the project &quot;AI + Social Drones: Towards Autonomous and Adaptive Social Drones&quot; Associate Professor Mohammad Obaid and colleagues will investigate how flying drones can interact with humans using AI.</b></p>​Drones are becoming more and more useful as tools in areas like transportation and health. <br />In the project <em>AI + Social Drones: Towards Autonomous and Adaptive Social Drones</em>, funded by Chalmers AI Research Centre, CHAIR, the research team will look into social drones and their role in society. Starting this summer, the project will investigate how drones can operate in a human environment in an acceptable way. <br /><br />“If we have an AI entity in our environment, in this case a flying robot, how do we interact with it as humans? We want to teach it to understand us and to pick up our social cues while flying next to us. Also, how should we as humans interact with it and behave?” says Associate Professor <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/mobaid.aspx">Mohammad Obaid</a>, project leader.<br /><br /><strong>What is a social drone?</strong><br />A drone is a flying robot that can be controlled remotely, and when we throw in the word social next to a drone, two things happen. One is that they can exhibit social cues to us. They can tell us how they are behaving and their intentions. Secondly, is to make it learn how to pick up our behavior, our social cues. <br /><br />“The idea is that if we, in this project, learn how to make this work, we will have a better understanding of how to accept and trust them in different application areas and contexts, which will make them more usable”, says Mohammad Obaid.  <br /><br />To make this happen, AI is needed. Data from interaction activities are collected and used to train the robot to develop social cues. An intelligent drone may be able to read from the user’s face if it is welcoming or anxious and then choose a suitable distance to the person.<br /><br />Drones are already used in delivery services and civil services, like healthcare and well-being. <br /><br />“Health is something we are looking in to as well. With AI applied in the drone, we believe that drones could do much good, for instance in emergency situations in remote areas. <br /><br /><strong>Communicating with a robot</strong><br /><div>We are used to see robots in sci-fi where they have faces and can communicate what they think and their intentions, and many scientists get inspired by it. Mohammad Obaid is one of them.</div> <br /><div>“In earlier research we have tested to add eyes to a drone. The eyes let the drone gaze to the direction it intends to go and thereby communicate its intentions”, he says. </div> <br /><div>Many tests are being done with ground robots, which cannot fly. Applying the research on a drone is similar but the ability to fly gives the robot a new dimension.</div> <div><br /></div> “A drone can give you a new perspective from above for example, and it will be much more mobile than ground robots, not getting stuck on obstacles”, says Mohammad Obaid.<br /><br /><strong>A drone companion</strong><br /><div>It may seem tempting to imagine that the social drone will be as common as the smartphone in a near future. But there are many issues to resolve before this becomes reality, Mohammad Obaid thinks.</div> <div><br /></div> <div> “It could well be that people will have a drone companion, but we need to think about ethics first. As with cell phones, we need to know what will happen with society when adding social drones, as with all human interaction with AI systems. I think more important is if the drone can be of use in health and well-being, like if they can be used to help people for instance in remote areas or as lifeguards on the beach”, he says.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><span><strong>Text: </strong>Mats Tiborn<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /></div>Mon, 23 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/health/news/Pages/First-in-person-masters-thesis-project-fair-in-health-and-technology.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/health/news/Pages/First-in-person-masters-thesis-project-fair-in-health-and-technology.aspxFirst in-person masters thesis project fair in health and technology<p><b>​For the first time, the master’s thesis project fair for health and technology students was held on site at Medicinareberget. A concept that left both students and supervisors eager for future fairs.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">A lively murmur in several languages fills the lecture hall at the Wallenberg Conference Center. It falls silent only when the vice dean at the Faculty of Science takes the stage.</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Hello, everyone and welcome,” says Pelle Åberg, extending a greeting together with Faculty Program Director Marie Strandevall, who also hosts this spring’s master thesis project fair.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Collaboration to create interdisciplinary projects</strong></div> <div>This is the fourth time the fair has taken place, but the COVID-19 pandemic forced it online on the previous occasions. The University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, and Chalmers University of Technology host the fair.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The aim is to bring about interdisciplinary projects and collaboration between health and technology,” says Marie Strandevall.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“This is a good way to create interfaces,” adds Pelle Åberg.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Nearly 30 researchers presented projects that provide one or two master’s students an opportunity to write their degree project. Some of the potential supervisors have several projects in the works. Even though researchers had only a few minutes to present a project and the preferred qualifications of the students applying for it, it went very well.<br /><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Udda%20format/Exjobbmassa_Ann-Sofie_Cans.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" /></div> <div><br /><em>Ann-Sofie Cans​, Associate professor in Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and Director of Health Engineering Area of Advance at Chalmers, would be happy to supervise master’s students with knowledge of the natural sciences.</em><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong style="background-color:initial">Chance to mingle</strong><br /></div> <div>When all the presentations had been completed, the students had been informed of everything from how to develop methods for measuring air-polluting particles to analysis of walking patterns in older subjects using radar.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>At least as important and eagerly awaited, after all the online meetings and remote learning of the pandemic years, was the change to mingle afterwards. This was the students’ opportunity to ask the researchers questions. Julius Juodakis, from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, stood at the screen with the text “Using machine learning to find gene interactions causing preterm birth” and answered questions from Setareh Jafargholizadeh, who studies biotechnology at Chalmers University of Technology.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“We are looking for a student who has good knowledge of genetics and is prepared to learn about machine learning or a student who knows machine learning and wants to learn genetics,” says Juodakis.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>That could be something for Jafargholizadeh. Another person who finds Juodakis’s project interesting is Obed Nahimiyimana, who studies mathematical statistics at the University of Gothenburg.</div> <div>“Statistics can be applied in a lot of areas,” he says.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Biomedicine offers good opportunities for students with different backgrounds and specializations, such as biotechnology and statistics,” says Juodakis.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Includes students from different subject areas</strong></div> <div>Six students at one table are enrolled in the Master’s Program in Global Health.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“It was very interesting, but hard to find something that suited us. It’s a little too specialized. We are interested in larger issues, such as public health, pandemics, and antibiotic resistance,” says Alexandra Ingman.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Perhaps they should talk to Åsa Torinsson Naluai, who gave a more general presentation about the interdisciplinary SciLifeLab in Gothenburg. She concluded with the words: “If you want to know more, come and talk to me afterwards.” Sheila Sgozi, a public health sciences student due to write a master’s thesis in a year, has done that.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“I want to learn about the options that already exist, and Åsa explains so well what can suit my specialization.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“If we are to advance research, we need to include students from many different subjects,” says Naluai, who has both a molecular biology and medical background herself.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Planning a new fair this autumn</strong></div> <div>After the students have gone on their way, several of the researchers and supervisors linger.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“This was also a good opportunity for the supervisors to mingle. Besides looking for talented students, they enjoy meeting each other,” says Marie Strandevall.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“It has worked very well to have the first three master’s thesis project fairs online, and it will be exciting to see the evaluations when we could finally have an in-person fair,” says Ann-Sofie Cans, associate professor at the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at Chalmers and one of the initiators behind the fair. “I hope we can arrange an in-person fair in the autumn, too, when Chalmers is the host.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Anna Rehnberg</div> <div><br /></div>Fri, 13 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/IVA-100-list-2022.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/IVA-100-list-2022.aspxMost projects from Chalmers on IVA’s 100 list 2022 <p><b>The 100-list highlights up-to-date research with business potential from Swedish universities. The theme for this year is technology in the service of humanity. Thirteen projects from Chalmers have been selected. </b></p>​The researchers have contributed with research projects that offer great value and potential for utilisation for society, through avenues such as industrial commercialisation, business development, or other types of impact. ​<div>“It is gratifying that we are so well represented on the 100 list. Chalmers has a strong focus on innovation and entrepreneurship” says Mats Lundqvist, Vice President of Utilisation at Chalmers University of Technology.</div> <div><br /><div><div><strong style="background-color:initial">The selected projects from Chalmers 2022:</strong><br /></div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><strong style="background-color:initial"></strong><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial">Architecture and Civil Engineering Project: </span></div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial"></span><strong style="font-family:inherit;background-color:initial">Real time optimization of drinking water treatment</strong></div></div> <div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The innovation of Kathleen Murphy and fellow colleagues measure the quality and reactivity of freshwater resources in real time, and predict the success of drinking water treatment. Their solution will be used to optimize operational conditions at drinking water treatment plants, reducing the need for chemicals and infrastructure and reducing emissions and waste. The patent pending solution, including the teams unique algorithms, will make drinking water treatment cheaper and more sustainable.</span></div> <div>Researcher: <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/murphyk.aspx">Kathleen Murphy</a></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/ace/news/Pages/Real-time-optimized-drinking-water-treatment-on-IVA100-list.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Real time optimized drinking water treatment</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div> ​<span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px">Biology and Biological Engineering</span></div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Project: <strong>Fungi for the production of protein of the future</strong></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Alternative protein sources such as fungi (mycoprotein) can lead to 95 percent less carbon dioxide emissions than beef. The vision is that the protein of the future is produced by fungi, which convert bio-based residual streams from industry. The fungi are grown in closed bioreactors with little impact on the external environment. </span> ​</p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Researchers: </span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/nygardy.aspx">Yvonne Nygård </a><span style="background-color:initial">and </span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/eric-oste.aspx">Eric Öste </a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Project: <strong>Stabilizing seafood side-streams allowing full use for food production </strong><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">The demand for fish is steadily increasing in response to dietary recommendations, population growth and wishes to consume more climate-friendly protein sources. We therefore need to convert more of each landed fish into food, as today mainly the fillet is used, i.e., only 40-50 per cent of the weight. <br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Researchers: </span><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Ingrid-Undeland.aspx">Ingrid Undeland</a><span style="background-color:initial">, </span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/haizhou.aspx">Haizhou Wu,​</a><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><a href="/en/staff/Pages/khozaghi.aspx"> Mehdi Abdollahi</a><span style="background-color:initial"> and </span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/bita-forghani.aspx">Bita Forghani</a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/departments/bio/news/Pages/Projects-on-sustainable-food-on-IVA’s-100-list.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Projects on sustainable food on IVA’s 100 list</a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial">Chemistry and Chemical Engineering  </span><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Project: <strong>Recycling and remanufacturing of indium based semiconductor materials. </strong></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span>You are probably reading this text looking through a transparent conductive material called indium tin oxide (ITO). It is the backbone of all electronic screen​s (LCD, LED, and touch screens), and some solar cell technologies. During the manufacturing of these devices, 30 - 70% of the material becomes production waste. Almost 75% of indium is used for ITO manufacturing and it is accepted as a critical raw material due to its importance in the electronic industry. It is a minor element of the earth’s crust and is unevenly distributed. It's recycling from industrial waste is challenging and requires several stages. In our technology, indium recovery is simplified instead of complicated processing stages and integrated into the ITO powder production to reproduce ITO material.​</span><strong><br /></strong></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Burcak-Ebin.aspx">Burcak Ebin</a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Burcak-Ebin.aspx"></a>Project: <strong>High-Quality Graphene and Highly Thermal Conductive Graphene Films Produced in Eco-friendly ways</strong><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong></strong><span style="background-color:initial">The heat generated from ubiquitous miniaturized electronic devices needs to be dissipated by materials that are highly thermally conductive, lightweight, flexible, mechanically robust and, most importantly, manufactured in a sustainable way. Our idea includes two interconnected steps: 1) Eco-friendly production of high-quality graphene in a large-scale; and 2) Production of highly thermal-conductive graphene films with low environmental impact and low cost. The graphene films are expected to replace the current metal films and other thermally conductive films produced in the high cost of environment, and therefore contribute to the transition to a green industry.</span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><a href="/en/staff/Pages/ergang.aspx">Ergang Wang</a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <span></span><p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Project: <span style="font-weight:700">Adsorbi - cellulose-based foams for air pollutants capture  </span></span><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">After finishing her doctoral studies at the department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Kinga Grenda founded the start-up company Adsorbi together with Romain Bordes, researcher at the department. She was recently named one of ten entrepreneurs to keep an eye on by Swedish Incubators and Science Parks.</span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Researcher: <span style="background-color:initial">Kinga Grenda  </span><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="https://adsorbi.com/" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />More about the research and start-up company Adsorbi </a></span><span style="background-color:initial"><font color="#1166aa"><span style="font-weight:700">(external link)</span></font></span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/staff/Pages/ergang.aspx"></a><a href="/en/departments/chem/news/Pages/Chemistry-research-on-IVA-100-list-.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Chemistry research on IVA 100 list | Chalmers​ </a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial">Computer Science and Engineering ​</span><br /></p> <div>Project: <strong>EmbeDL </strong><br /></div> <div>AI has achieved remarkable successes but at a price – neural network models are very large and need a lot of resources to train and deploy, thus leaving a very large energy footprint. Our research is about how to reduce the size of the neural networks, without sacrificing much in accuracy, and making the best use of diverse hardware so that AI can be deployed in an efficient and less energy consuming way to solve a specific problem. <br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Project:<strong>Repli5 </strong><br /></div> <div>The research is about creating digital twins and synthetic data. A digital twin is a replica of the real world in silico, which can be used to test and verify systems very efficiently and cheaply instead of tests in the real world which are costly, slow and error prone. Digital twins can be used to generate synthetic data to train AI systems efficiently without the need to collect real world data and annotating them manually which is costly, slow, noisy and error prone. <br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><a href="/en/staff/Pages/dubhashi.aspx">Devdatt Dubhashi </a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Project: </span><strong style="background-color:initial">Dpella</strong><br /></div> <div>The world is collecting a massive amount of individuals data with the intention of building a human-centered future based on data insights. The huge challenge is how to achieve these insights that will shape the future, respecting privacy of individuals and complying with GDPR. We solve this by developing a technology for creating privacy-preserving analytics based on the mathematical framework of Differential Privacy – a new gold standard for data privacy. With our patented IP research, we provide a Privacy-as-a-service solution will enable data flows, creating the inter-organization value required to achieve a digital human-centred future.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/staff/Pages/russo.aspx">Alejandro Russo</a></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/staff/Pages/russo.aspx"></a></span><span style="background-color:initial">Project: <strong>ZeroPoint Technologies </strong></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span style="background-color:initial">The dramatic increase of computers' processing power places high demands on efficient memory storage. A few players today have control over processor development by owning and controlling processor architectures. Chalmers with the spin-off company ZeroPoint Technologies develops technologies for computers' internal memory that are faster and less energy-intensive and are developed to fit into an open processor architecture. This provides basic conditions for smart industry. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span></span><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/staff/Pages/per-stenstrom.aspx">Per Stenström​</a></span></div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial">Industrial and Materials Science</span><br /></div> <div> <div>Project: <strong>Design for energy resilience in the everyday</strong><br /></div> <div>Our increasing dependence on electrical and connected products is unsustainable from a resource point of view. It also makes us vulnerable in a future energy system where more renewable sources and climate change increase the probability of power shortages and power outages. To be able to handle disruptions in electricity deliveries, and at the same time live a good and meaningful everyday life, knowledge, new design guidelines for product development and energy-independent alternatives are required.<br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/helena-stromberg.aspx">Helena Strömberg</a><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Design-for-energyresilience-in-the-everyday.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Design for energy resilience in the everyday</a> </div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><p class="chalmersElement-P" style="font-size:20px">Physics</p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Project: <strong>Nanofluidic Scattering Microscopy </strong></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">We have developed the next generation of nanotechnology to study and analyse individual biomolecules and at the same time generate important information about them. We do this with an optical instrument combined with nanofluidic chips and software with machine learning/AI. By offering researchers this new tool, they can answer their questions in a completely new way, thereby accelerating their research in order to make ground-breaking discoveries.<br /></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Christoph-Langhammer.aspx">Christoph Langhammer </a><br /></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">P</span><span style="background-color:initial">roject:</span><strong style="background-color:initial">2D semiconductor with perfect edges </strong><br /></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">We at Smena have developed a new game-changing material, which is useful for numerous applications. The starting point of our material is an abundant mineral called molybdenite, whose price is only 5 dollar per kilogram. Using a scalable, patented, and environmentally friendly process, we managed to produce a large number of edges in flakes of natural molybdenite. <br /></span></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><span style="background-color:initial"><span></span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Timur-Shegai.aspx">Timur Shegai ​</a><br /></span></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/departments/physics/news/Pages/Two-research-projects-from-Physics-on-IVA-100-List.aspx">Two research projects from Physics on IVA 100 List 2022</a></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"></p> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/physics/news/Pages/Two-research-projects-from-Physics-on-IVA-100-List.aspx">​</a><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial">Mathematical Sciences </span></div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">​Project: <strong>PressCise</strong></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong></strong>​We work with clinical partners to identify problems with today's products, and to test and verify our own inventions. We use mathematical theories to solve real problems and we realize our solutions in genuine smart textile products. </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Researchers: <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/torbjorn-lundh.aspx">Torbjörn Lundh</a><span style="background-color:initial">, in collaboration with Josefin Damm and Andreas Nilsson. </span></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="https://www.presscise.com/" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />PressCise AB</a></p> <div> </div> <p></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial"><em>I</em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>VA's 100 List presents selected research projects believde to have </em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>the potientalto be developed into ninnovations, to promote buisness  </em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>development or to provide other benefits. The list reflects a diverse range of research </em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>projects and researcher experise from Sweden's universities in a given field. </em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>​</em></span><br /></p> <em> </em><p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial"><font color="#1166aa"><em> </em></font></span><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(0, 0, 0)"><em>The complete list can be found on </em><a href="https://www.iva.se/en/"><em>www.iva.se</em></a></span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P" style="display:inline !important"><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(0, 0, 0)"></span> </p> <div><p class="chalmersElement-P" style="display:inline !important"><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(0, 0, 0)"><br /></span></p></div> <div><p class="chalmersElement-P" style="display:inline !important"><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(0, 0, 0)"><br /></span></p></div> <a href="/en/news/presidents-perspective/Pages/IVAs-100-list-Chalmers-technology-in-the-service-of-humanity.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />The Presidents perspective on Chalmers' contribution to technology in the service of humanity</a><p></p></div> <div><br /></div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/departments/chem/news/Pages/Chemistry-research-on-IVA-100-list-.aspx"></a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/departments/bio/news/Pages/Projects-on-sustainable-food-on-IVA’s-100-list.aspx"></a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/eric-oste.aspx"></a></p></div></div> ​</div>Tue, 10 May 2022 16:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/cse/news/Pages/how_can_artificial_intelligence_make_running_safer.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/cse/news/Pages/how_can_artificial_intelligence_make_running_safer.aspxHow can artificial intelligence make running safer?<p><b>​A machine learning model to optimize your performance and get you across the finish line with health intact. That’s what Moa Johansson, Associate Professor at the Computing Science division, is aiming for. Together with two master's students, she is involved in a project at the Department of Computing Science and Engineering.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">This May, many people are looking forward to the return of Göteborgsvarvet, after two years of break due to the corona pandemic. Every year, approximately 40,000 runners struggle along with what the coordinators mean is the world’s biggest half marathon, and many have collapsed in exhaustion on both sides of the finish line.</span><div><br /></div> <div>Most often, they are on their feet after some rest and refill of fluid, but every year, a few people need medical assistance.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Moa Johansson, Associate Professor at the Department of Computing Science and Engineering, is together with the master students with amanuenses’ employments, Johan Lamm and Johan Attefors, collecting insights with the purpose to give athletes prerequisites to challenge themselves in the best possible way during a physical performance and at the same time minimize the risk of overworking to a point where they jeopardize their health. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;I am very interested in sport, so for me, it’s really fun to see how the techniques my own research is addressing, can contribute within sport&quot;, says Moa.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The study is performed in cooperation with Göteborgsvarvet, by analyzing data that has been collected for ten years and is accessible in Göteborgsvarvet’s database. In the database, values for end results and the participant's age and gender are registered. In addition, Moa, Johan and Johan have taken data about the weather conditions into account, to be able to see if there is something to learn from the connection between for example high temperatures and the number of people who &quot;hit the wall&quot;.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">A virtual AI-coach</h3> <div>As part of the project, they are working on a machine learning model. The purpose is, with its help, to be able to estimate the finishing time of a runner, and anticipate which runners risk overworking themselves, by drawing conclusions from the collected data.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In the future, Moa is visualizing the model being used in a more advanced product in line with the runner’s watches available on the market today, where more parameters like personal conditions, previous performance, and outdoor temperature can be combined with monitoring of the body’s functions, to help the runner to adjust the pace to what is individually suitable. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;Kind of like a virtual AI-coach that tells you when it’s time to slow down or increase speed or take a break to drink water one extra time&quot;, says Moa. </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">So, what are we doing wrong when the race ends with us &quot;running into the wall&quot;?</h3> <div>Often we seem to strain ourselves too much early on. Moa thinks that it partly comes down to a matter of prestige.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;People want to beat their own personal record, she says. And some people are keeping themselves on the border to what they can handle, even though they are not quite in the shape they were earlier in life.&quot;</div> <div><br /></div> <div>There is a tendency in the middle-aged group to miscalculate their capacity. That is something not equally prominent in the older group and among the elite runners, who tend to run according to a different pattern.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">About the project</h2> <div>The project is organized within the Health Engineering Area of Advance and is performed at the Department of Computing Science and Engineering at Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The project is a result of discussions between the GoCoActive cooperation, where Chalmers, University of Gothenburg, RF-SISU, GoCo Health Innovation City, and Göteborgs Friidrottsförbund have been participating actively. <span style="background-color:initial">In</span><span style="background-color:initial"> spring 2022, a scientific paper is being written about the project.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>By: Agnes Ekstrand</div> <div><br /></div>Mon, 09 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/cse/news/Pages/Professor-at-Computer-Science-and-Engineering-gets-prestigious-grant-for-the-second-time.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/cse/news/Pages/Professor-at-Computer-Science-and-Engineering-gets-prestigious-grant-for-the-second-time.aspxHe gets prestigious grant for the second time<p><b>​Professor Thierry Coquand has been given this year’s European Research Counsil (ERC) Advanced Grant. Getting research funded through the grant is prestigious alone. What is remarkable in Thierry Coquand's case, is that it is not the first time he receives one.​</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Getting more than one ERC Advanced Grant in a lifetime is something that extremely few have accomplished. </span><span style="background-color:initial">T</span><span style="background-color:initial">hierry Coquand, Professor at the Computing Science Division, Department of Computer Science and Engineering at Chalmers and University of Gothenburg, got his first ERC Advanced Grant for his work in 2009.</span><div><br /></div> <div>He describes his view on his research and receiving the grant as following:</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The topic of my research is about representation of mathematical proofs on a computer. This is used to design so called &quot;proof assistants” that help a mathematician and/or a computer scientist to build a mathematical proof, in particular, ensuring that the proof is correct.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>There has been a growing use of such system for checking and documenting complex software systems, but also mathematical proofs. One aspect of this research that I find particularly interesting is that trying to represent mathematics on a computer forces us to think about the nature of mathematical objects.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>While I was working on my previous ERC project, it was realised by a great mathematician, the late Vladimir Voevodsky, that the language we were using for the represention of proofs on a computer was actually well adapted to express recent abstract  concepts in mathematics, connected to the notion of homotopy, which is a general study of the notion of “shapes”. This was both surprising and exciting, and the present project should explore further these connections.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>I believe that this field of research is important both for society, given that the issues of software correctness and security are crucial,  and because of its intrinsic logical interest. If successful, this project will create proof assistants that can help in the development of sophisticated mathematics and highly modular pieces of software. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>This work is really a team work (both local and internationally). It is really nice, and not so common,  to be part of a team which have strong competence both in theory and in the actual implementation of proof assistants. I also want to thank people at the Grants Office, in particular Maria Enge, for all their help.”</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More on Thierry Coquand's research​​</h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/departments/cse/news/Pages/type-theory-for-mathematics-and-computer-science.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Research on interactive proof systems receives funding from KAW</a> <br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/sv/styrkeomraden/energi/nyheter/Sidor/Watch-the-webinar-Hydrogen-A-Silver-Bullet-in-the-Energy-System.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Watch the webinar: Hydrogen – A silver bullet in the energy system?​</a></span></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">ERC grants</h3> <div>The research grants from the European Research Council, ERC, are aimed at tackling major questions across all scientific disciplines.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The Advanced Grant is given to active researchers who have shown significant research achievements in the last ten years and stand out in terms of originality and significance of their research contribution.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Read more about the latest ERC Advanced Grants in <a href="https://erc.europa.eu/news/erc-2021-advanced-grants-results">ERC’s press release​</a>.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Article written by Agnes Ekstrand</div> ​Wed, 27 Apr 2022 08:40:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/Robots-in-homes-industry-and-healthcare.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/Robots-in-homes-industry-and-healthcare.aspxRobots in the home, industry and healthcare<p><b>​​Can robots adapt their own working methods to solve complex tasks? Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have developed a new form of AI, which, by observing human behavior, can adapt to perform its tasks in a changeable environment. The hope is that robots which can be flexible in this way will be able to work alongside humans to a much greater degree.​</b></p><div>“Robots that work in human environments need to be adaptable to the fact that humans are unique, and that we might all solve the same task in a different way. An important area in robot development, therefore, is to teach robots how to work alongside humans in dynamic environments,” says Maximilian Diehl, Doctoral Student at the Department of Electrical Engineering at Chalmers University of Technology and main researcher behind the project.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>When humans carry out a simple task, such as setting a table, we might approach the challenge in several different ways, depending on the conditions. If a chair unexpectedly stands in the way, we could choose to move it or walk around it. We alternate between using our right and left hands, we take pauses, and perform any number of unplanned actions.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>But robots do not work in the same way. They need precise programming and instructions all the way to the goal. This approach makes them very efficient in environments where they constantly follow the same pattern, such as factory processing lines. But to successfully interact with people in areas such as healthcare or customer facing roles, robots need to develop much more flexible ways of working.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“In the future we foresee robots accomplish some basic household activities, such as setting and cleaning a table, placing kitchen utensils in the sink, or help organizing groceries,” says Karinne Ramirez-Amaro, Assistant Professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The Chalmers University researchers wanted to investigate whether it was possible to teach a robot more humanlike ways to approach solving tasks – to develop an ‘explainable AI’ that extracts general instead of specific information during a demonstration, so that it can then plan a flexible and adaptable path towards a long-term goal. Explainable AI (XAI) is a term that refers to a type of artificial intelligence where humans can understand how it arrived at a specific decision or result.</div> <div><br /></div> <div style="font-size:16px"><strong>Teaching a robot to stack objects under changing conditions</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The researchers asked several people to perform the same task – stacking piles of small cubes – twelve times, in a VR environment. Each time the task was performed in a different way, and the movements the humans made were tracked through a set of laser sensors.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“When we humans have a task, we divide it into a chain of smaller sub-goals along the way, and every action we perform is aimed at fulfilling an intermediate goal. Instead of teaching the robot an exact imitation of human behavior, we focused on identifying what the goals were, looking at all the actions that the people in the study performed,” says Karinne Ramirez-Amaro.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The researchers' unique method meant the AI focused on extracting the intent of the sub-goals and built libraries consisting of different actions for each one. Then, the AI created a planning tool which could be used by a TIAGo robot – a mobile service robot designed to work in indoor environments. With the help of the tool, the robot was able to automatically generate a plan for a given task of stacking cubes on top of one another, even when the surrounding conditions were changed. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>In short: The robot was given the task of stacking the cubes and then, depending on the circumstances, which changed slightly for each attempt, chose for itself a combination of several possible actions to form a sequence that would lead to completion of the task. The results were extremely successful.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;With our AI, the robot made plans with a 92% success rate after just a single human demonstration. When the information from all twelve demonstrations was used, the success rate reached up to 100%,&quot; says Maximilian Diehl.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The work was presented at the robot conference IROS 2021, one of the world’s most prestigious conferences in robotics. In the next phase of the project, the researchers will investigate how robots can communicate to humans and explain what went wrong, and why, if they fail a task.</div> <div><br /></div> <div style="font-size:16px"><strong>Industry and healthcare</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The long-term goal is to use robots in the industry to help technicians with task that could cause long-term health problems, for example tightening bolts/nuts on truck wheels. In healthcare, it could be tasks like bringing and collecting medicine or food. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“We want to make the job of healthcare professionals easier so that they can focus on tasks which need more attention,” says Karinne-Ramirez Amaro.  </div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;It might still take several years until we see genuinely autonomous and multi-purpose robots, mainly because many individual challenges still need to be addressed, like computer vision, control, and safe interaction with humans. However, we believe that our approach will contribute to speeding up the learning process of robots, allowing the robot to connect all of these aspects and apply them in new situations”, says Maximilian Diehl.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>By: Sandra Tavakoli and Karin Wik</div> <div><br /></div> <div><div>The research was carried out in collaboration with with Chris Paxton, a research scientist at NVIDIA. This project was supported by Chalmers AI Research Centre (CHAIR).</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Read more about the research <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/project/9253">https://research.chalmers.se/project/9253</a></div> <div>Watch the film explaining the research <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEUEpQcrDtw">Automated Generation of Robotic Planning Domains from Observations - YouTube</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>For more information, contact: </strong></div> <div>Maximilian Diehl. <span style="background-color:initial">PhD Student at the Department of Electrical Engineering</span></div> <div>diehlm@chalmers.se</div> <div>+46 31 772 171</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Karinne Ramirez-Amaro, <span style="background-color:initial">Assistant professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering</span></div> <div>karinne@chalmers.se</div> <div>+46 31 772 10 74 </div></div>Thu, 14 Apr 2022 10:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/We-are-in-the-middle-of-the-transition.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/We-are-in-the-middle-of-the-transition.aspxIPCC – "We are in the middle of the transition"<p><b>​“The IPCC collects and reports about the state of knowledge in science, technical and socio-economic assessments on climate change. Everything we write in the report is not new scientific discoveries. The main aim is to bring this knowledge to policymakers and the general public in a comprehensive, clear and accessible way”, says Sonia Yeh, who contributed to UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change´s (IPCC) report, which was presented on the 4th of April.​</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">WG III, is the final part of the IPCC’s Sixth Assessment Report, and it focuses on climate change mitigation, assessing methods for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. </span><div><br /></div> <div><strong>“So the main challenge for us as scientific contributors</strong> is the writing. How do you communicate in a clear and unbiased way, what information to include or to exclude, how do we coordinate across chapters so there is consistent and no overlapping messages, etc.”, says Sonia Yeh, Professor of energy and transport systems at Chalmers University of Technology. </div> <div>Her expertise is in energy economics and energy system modelling, alternative transportation fuels, sustainability standards, technological change, and consumer behavior and mobility. She has contributed to IPPC report, Working Group III Mitigation of Climate Change, Chapter 10 Transport in the subchapter “Scenarios from Integrated, Sectoral and Regional Models”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What is it that makes you take on such a big assignment like this?</strong></div> <div>“On one hand, it is indeed a huge time commitment. So, one must decide beforehand how much time one can spare to be involved in such a big effort. On the other hand, it is a huge honor as a scientist to be selected to represent your country to co-produce such an important document. The document is the most comprehensive assessment effort roughly every 6 years providing an update on climate mitigations options. It has tremendous societal values to both policymakers and all concerned citizens around the world”, says Sonia Yeh.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Her path to be selected</strong> as an IPCC contributing author was a bit unconventional. The typical path for being an IPCC author was for one to first self-nominate, then being selected for nomination by your country. <br /><br /></div> <div>“I joined the IPCC process in the middle as I received a phone call one day by the lead author of the chapter on transport scenario asking if they can rely on my competence in the long-term projections of transport scenarios. That’s how I joined in the middle of the process. So there is a separate path to be asked to join as an contributing author if the lead authors consider your technical expertise is critical for part of the report”, says Sonia Yeh.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What sets this report apart from previous reports?</strong></div> <div>&quot;I cannot talk about any specific details before the release. But certainly, one of the most interesting things writing up this report is to observe how things have changed from this report from the last (5th Assessment Report), which directions and how fast the changes were. Lots of things have changed: technology costs and their commercial availability, demand growth, new technology, system level interactions, etc. As someone said, around the time of the last report, we were talking about the transitions. At the time of the writing of this report, we are right in the middle of the transitions. So we are certainly seeing lots of changes (both expected and unexpected) so that would be something interesting to watch out for when the report is released&quot;. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What is the biggest challenge for you as a researcher working on the report?</strong></div> <div>&quot;The IPCC collects and reports about the state of knowledge in science, technical and socio-economic assessments on climate change. Everything we write in the report is not new scientific discoveries. The main aim is to bring this knowledge to policymakers and the general public in a comprehensive, clear and accessible way. So the main challenge for us as scientific contributors is the writing. How do you communicate in a clear and unbiased way, what information to include or to exclude, how do we coordinate across chapters so there is consistent and no overlapping messages, etc.&quot; </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What are the most important conclusions you can draw from your work, on a purely personal level?</strong></div> <div>&quot;The main thing I learned is the self-reflective part that I mentioned above regarding what sets this report apart from the previous reports. In a way we are asking on behalf of the public, How has science changed in this report compared to the last, how things have changed, are the challenges we face today different from the challenges we faced 4 years ago? Unfortunately IPCC mainly addresses the question of “what do we know today” rather than the question of “what has changed compared to the last assessment.” This is understandable. To answer the latter question comprehensively, it requires greater efforts conducting rigorous studies and IPCC is not set up to do that. Nevertheless it is a question I ask myself frequently while writing for the report, and I am sure that you will see a lot of discussions in the blog posts, tweets, and news columns on this later question a lot. One should be careful and take these discussions with a grain of salt though since most of them are produced quickly to provide discussion points in the news media and for the public discussion. Therefore they are good food for thoughts but one must understand that IPCC does not formally analyze such a question&quot;, says Sonia Yeh.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>When it comes to the most important </strong>measures to reduce the climate impact of the transport sector, Sonia Yeh recommends the seminar, <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/calendar/Pages/IPCC-WG3-Where-are-we-in-the-transitions.aspx">IPCC Sixth Assessment Working Group III report on Climate Mitigation: Where are we in the transitions?</a> It´s a public online seminar and several of the authors of the report will participate.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The important thing to know is that there is no silver bullet. Reducing CO2 emissions from the transport sector cannot rely on a single technology, one behavioral change or a single policy measure. Exactly how much a role different measures can contribute will depend on the region, time frame, the commitments of the governments and individual actions. The chairman of the IPCC says that IPCC is policy relevant, but not policy descriptive. IPCC does not tell policymakers or the citizens what they should do, but what they could do to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and the impacts of different actions in terms of potential for emissions reductions”, says Sonia Yeh.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>When do you think the energy will be fossil free for all transports?</strong></div> <div>“My personal reflection is that the transport energy will not be fossil free without strong policy measures. Meaning, policymakers will need to take actions to introduce policies such as carbon tax or carbon caps, incentives, standards and regulations, investments in low-carbon technology and transport infrastructure that supports zero-carbon fuels and vehicles, charging infrastructure for electric buses, cars, trucks, ferries, etc. So there is a lot to be done. But it is like “The Little Engine That Could”, we can do it! And I believe that we have the momentum. It is just a matter of how fast we want to do this”, says Sonia and highlights an <span style="background-color:initial">exampl</span><span style="background-color:initial">e</span><span style="background-color:initial"> of how fast things have changed in the last few years:<br />&quot;A few years back, most people think the only viable ways to decarbonize long-haul trucks are biofuels and hydrogen. But as the price of batteries falling faster than expected, electrifying long-haul trucks are becoming real and attractive possibilities. The only hinder is the build-up of the charging infrastructure, which of course is an intensive research area that we at our group are also working actively with many European partners. Many excellent research groups at Chalmers are also studying this from many angles including materials, batteries to system level integration like the grid impacts in Sweden and in Europe”.</span></div> <div><br /><strong>Related:<br /></strong><a href="https://www.ipcc.ch/"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />IPCC, <span style="background-color:initial">The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change </span></a></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/edit/Pages/sonia-yeh.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Sonia Yeh, Chalmers University of Technology</a><br /><a href="/en/departments/see/news/Pages/IPCC-reports-spread-knowledge-effectively.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />IPCC reports spread knowledge effectively​</a><br /></div> <div><span></span><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/calendar/Pages/IPCC-WG3-Where-are-we-in-the-transitions.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />IPCC Webinar – Where are we in the transitions?</a><br /><br />Text: Ann-Christine Nordin</div> ​​Sun, 03 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/The fifth-generation lab opens for AI.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/The%20fifth-generation%20lab%20opens%20for%20AI.aspxThe fifth-generation lab opens for artificial intelligence<p><b>​​Chalmers and Ericsson inaugurate a new laboratory with access to the fifth generation (5G) network that will be an important resource and infrastructure for researchers, students, and start-up companies at Chalmers. By introducing the technology in the current CASE laboratory, Chalmers makes it easy for students and researchers to experiment with 5G solutions. </b></p><div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Femte%20generationens%20labb%20öppnar%20för%20AI/Erik_Strom_0016,1B.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px 10px;width:129px;height:180px" />&quot;It opens up for research and education in industrial applications where fast data transfer and response times are sometimes as short as 1 millisecond, for example for artificial intelligence (AI) such as autonomous robots, self-driving vehicles and the &quot;Internet of Things&quot;”, says Erik Ström, Professor of Communication Systems at Chalmers. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Connectivity is a prerequisite for being able to work with artificial intelligence, but today there are very few universities in Sweden and in the world that have access to their own 5G networks that they can experiment with.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;Commercially, 5G is already here and is available in many countries. However, it can be said that the application of 5G is in its infancy, and we will see a very large development in the coming years. Both with 5G technology as such but also with applications”, says Karl-Johan Killius, Head of Site Gothenburg Ericsson.  </div> <div><br /></div> <div>5G consists of more technical advanced solutions than 4G, but at the same time also provides the conditions to use the technology for so much more. Researchers see 5G as a tool for solving major societal challenges.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Femte%20generationens%20labb%20öppnar%20för%20AI/Petter_Falkman-1_5x7.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px 10px;width:118px;height:166px" /><br /></div> <div>&quot;5G technology primarily enables applications that are resource-efficient and that promote sustainable use and development in society, such as digitization of unsustainable technology, efficiency and improvement of transport systems, health care, food production and systems for generating and distributing electricity. Our collaboration with Ericsson enables our research to be tested and hopefully be useful more quickly”, says Petter Falkman, Professor of Automation at Chalmers. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;4G was created to be able to offer a wireless broadband connection e.g., for mobiles or laptops. 5G is created to offer wireless connection to a much wider range of applications which may have completely different requirements. For example, simple sensors in a mine have completely different requirements for availability, response time and capacity, while self-driving cars, trains and industrial robots place very high demands on reliability and response time”, says Magnus Castell, Manager Expericom at Ericsson Gothenburg.</div> <div> </div> <div>To most people, 5G can be considered a new and exciting technology, but the aim of the researchers is now set on 6G.</div> <div><br /></div> <img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Femte%20generationens%20labb%20öppnar%20för%20AI/Tommy_Svensson_I0A5568[1].jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px 10px;height:172px;width:145px" /><div>&quot;6G will give us significantly more of what 5G offers. In addition, 6G will be an important tool for achieving several of the UN's sustainability goals. What makes all this possible are high transmission speeds, low latency, knowledge of the radio environment, position and orientation, integration of sensor network functionality, network of networks and that the computing power is decentralized in the mobile networks. A key to this is that 6G can guarantee energy-efficient, reliable, robust, and secure communication, says Tommy Svensson, Professor of Communication Systems at Chalmers with a focus on wireless communication.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Written by: Sandra Tavakoli</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>For more information, contact</strong></div> <div><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/petter-falkman.aspx">Petter Falkman​</a>, <span style="background-color:initial">Professor of Automation at the Department of Electrical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology<br />petter.falkman@chalmers.se</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/erik-strom.aspx">Erik Ström</a>, </span><span style="background-color:initial">Professor of Communication Systems </span><span style="background-color:initial">at</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial">the Department of Electrical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology<br /></span><span style="background-color:initial">erik.strom@chalmers.se​</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div style="font-size:20px">Facts about 5G</div> <div style="font-size:20px">​<br /></div> <div><ul><li>Machine to machine communication – a large increase in the number of connected gadgets that are able to exchange information with each other, also called ‘Internet of Things’.</li> <li>Considerable growth in data traffic – about 1000 times more than today. 5G can handle a larger amount of data from multiple devices simultaneously.</li> <li>Higher transmission speed – top speeds up to 10 times higher than 4G, about 10 Gbit / second.</li> <li>Less latency, shorter response times – about 1 millisecond compared to 25-35 milliseconds today.</li> <li>Lower energy consumption – the connection via 5G becomes ten times more energy efficient than today's 4G. </li> <li>Higher frequencies – in its first stage, 5G uses the frequency band 3.4-3.8 GHz, and in the future also the millimeter wave band (over 24 GHz). To get good coverage, this requires more advanced solutions using many antennas per base station.</li></ul></div>Fri, 01 Apr 2022 08:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/ict/news/Pages/Call-for-ICT-seed-projects-2022.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/ict/news/Pages/Call-for-ICT-seed-projects-2022.aspxCall for ICT seed projects 2023<p><b> Call for proposals within ICT strategic areas and involving interdisciplinary approaches.​</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3" style="color:rgb(153, 51, 0)"><br /></h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Important dates:</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><ul><li><b>NEW! Submission date: </b><span>9 May, at 09.00</span>, 2022</li> <li><b>Notification:</b> mid-June, 2022</li> <li><b>Expected start of the project:</b> January 2023</li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Background</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><b>The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Area of Advance</b> (AoA) provides financial support for SEED projects, i.e., projects involving innovative ideas that can be a starting point for further collaborative research and joint funding applications. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>We will prioritize research projects that <strong>involve researchers from different research communities</strong> (for example across ICT departments or between ICT and other Areas of Advances) and who have not worked together before (i.e., have no joint projects/publications). </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Research projects involving a <strong>gender-balanced team and younger researchers</strong>, e.g., assistant professors, will be prioritized. Additionally, proposals related to <strong>sustainability</strong> and the UN Sustainable Development Goals are encouraged.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><b><em>Note: </em></b><em>Only researchers employed at Chalmers can apply and can be funded. PhD students cannot be supported by this call.  Applicants and co-applicants of research proposals funded in the 2021 and 2022 ICT SEED calls cannot apply. </em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><b>The total budget of the call is 1 MSEK.</b> We expect to fund 3-5 projects</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Details of the call</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><ul><li>The project should include at least two researchers from different divisions at Chalmers (preferably two different departments) who should have complementary expertise, and no joint projects/publications.</li> <li>Proposals involving teams with good gender balance and involving assistant professors will be prioritized.</li> <li>The project should contribute to sustainable development. </li> <li>The budget must be between 100 kSEK and 300 kSEK, including indirect costs (OH). The budget is mainly to cover personnel costs for Chalmers employees (but not PhD students). The budget cannot cover costs for equipment or travel costs to conferences/research visits. </li> <li>The project must start in early 2023 and should last 3-6 months. </li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What must the application contain?</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The application should be at most 3 pages long, font Times–Roman, size 11. In addition, max 1 page can be used for references. Finally, an additional one-page CV of each one of the applicants must be included (max 4 CVs). Proposals that do not comply with this format will be desk rejected (no review process).</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The proposal should include:</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>a)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>project title </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>b)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>name, e-mail, and affiliation (department, division) of the applicants</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>c)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>the research challenges addressed and the objective of the project; interdisciplinary aspects should be highlighted; also the applicant should discuss how the project contributes to sustainable development, preferably in relation to the <a href="https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/" title="link to UN webpage">UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)</a>. Try to be specific and list the targets within each Goal that are addressed by your project.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>d)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>the project description </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>e)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>the expected outcome (including dissemination plan) and the plan for further research and funding acquisition</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>f)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>the project participants and the planned efforts</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>g)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>the project budget and activity timeline
</div> <div><div><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Evaluation criteria</h3> <div><ul><li>Team composition</li> <li>Interdisciplinarity</li> <li>Novelty</li> <li>Relevance to AoA ICT and Chalmers research strategy as well as to SDG</li> <li>Dissemination plan</li> <li>Potential for further research and joint funding applications</li> <li>Budget and project feasibility​</li></ul></div></div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">Submission</span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The application should be submitted as <b>one PDF document</b>.<span style="background-color:initial"></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://easychair.org/conferences/?conf=aoaictseed2023" target="_blank" title="link to submission"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Submit​</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span><br /></span></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The proposals will be evaluated by the AoA ICT management group and selected Chalmers researchers.

</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b><br /></b></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b>Questions</b> can be addressed to <a href="mailto:erik.strom@chalmers.se">Erik Ström</a></span></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">General information about the ICT Area of Advance can be found at <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/ict/Pages/default.aspx">www.chalmers.se/ict ​</a></span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Information%20and%20Communication%20Technology/About%20us/IKT_logo_600px.jpg" alt="" /><span style="background-color:initial">​​<br /></span></div>Wed, 30 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/Transport/news/Pages/Rapid-transformation-of-the-transport-sector-is-changing-research.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/Transport/news/Pages/Rapid-transformation-of-the-transport-sector-is-changing-research.aspxRapid transformation of the transport sector is changing research<p><b>​The transport sector has undergone revolutionary changes over the past decade and the pace of change continues to increase. This has entailed a transition from traditional vehicle research to completely new research areas that span several disciplines. Sinisa Krajnovic, who is leaving the position as Director of Transport Area of Advance on 31 March after a total of six years, has extensive experience of these changes.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>What changes have you seen during this period?<br /></strong></span><br /></div> <div><img src="/sv/styrkeomraden/transport/nyheter/PublishingImages/Sinisa_Krajnovic_230x300.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" />“So much has happened in recent years and the major restructuring of the transport system has created a need for compl​etely new research and education in new disciplines”, says Sinisa Krajnovic.<br /><br /></div> <div>“The first major shift is related to new vehicle technologies such as electrification and automation, which have driven development forward at a very fast pace. But also new technology such as AI (Artificial Intelligence). A good example is that today we have electrified trucks. Who would have thought that development would go so fast?”<br /><br /></div> <div>“The second major shift in the transport industry is the development from product to service orientation. It has fundamentally changed the industry. Today, the automotive industry is talking less and less about the manufacture of cars and more and more about the services it offers.”<br /><br /></div> <div>“Our partners in the transport industry say that they have to run faster and faster to keep up with the development. This means that we at Chalmers must run even faster to ensure that we can meet the needs for research, education and competence provisioning, both next year, and in five and ten years.&quot;</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Simultaneously with the changes in the transport system, a change in the energy system is also underway. This means that boundaries between different research areas are blurred. Transport issues are integrated with both energy issues and urbanisation issues, as well as digitization issues.<br /><br /></div> <div>“Our way of working in areas of advances is a huge advantage that makes it easy for us to quickly adapt to changes in the world around us. We can create new research areas and adapt our education.”<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>What are you most proud of having accomplished?</strong></div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div>“To prepare our researchers for the major societal challenges, we in the Transport Area of Advance have <br />created a way of working that is based on close collaboration between different departments, divisions and research groups. But also with the University of Gothenburg, which complements our competencies, and with authorities in the transport sector. It has been a key to success, and I am very proud that together we have developed an effective organisation for education, research, skills supply, infrastructure issues and utilisation.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“We have a very strong network at Chalmers, but we have also created a great deal of trust externally. We have developed clear strategies for our cooperation with the Chalmers strategic partners: Volvo Group, Volvo Cars, CEVT and the Norwegian Transport Authority, Statens vegvesen. Together with the industry, we have built strong infrastructures such as Asta Zero (the world's first full-scale test environment for road safety), Revere (a 400 square meter lab for test vehicles, environmental sensors and simulators) and we are now building SEEL (a national test bed for electromobility).”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“I am also proud that we have created completely new forms of cooperation. For example, through projects with our researchers as academic experts in industry. The fact that researchers can divide their working time between academia and industry and gain direct insight into the needs of industry is very valuable. So-called capstone projects at bachelor's level that are based on collaboration between industry, Chalmers and foreign universities are other initiatives that we have supported and that aim to equip our students for the future.&quot;</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Our formation of an EU group to effectively organise efforts around funding from the EU is also worth mentioning.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What have been the greatest challenges?<br /><br /></strong></div> <div>“Internally, developments in society have placed great demands on our researchers to switch from being specialists in an area to increased collaboration across disciplinary boundaries to address common challenges.”<br /><br /></div> <div>“We have needed to create new meeting places and forums that provide opportunities for increased dialogue. We have also created thematic calls in response to the needs of industry, government agencies and research funders.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“As development goes faster and faster, we have seen a tendency for transport research to be characterized by short-term projects. The short-term perspective entails a risk that we stress research and development and do not have time to work with fundamental research in the new research areas. New research must have a chance to mature and it is important to work actively for a long-term perspective in the education of engineers and PhDs.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What will be your focus going forward?</strong></div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div>“I have had a lot of fun in my role as Director of Transport Area of Advance during these six years, but I also think it is useful to change perspectives and assignments from time to time.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“In addition to my regular position as a professor of Computational Fluid Dynamics, I have already got a few new assignments. Since last autumn, I am Assistant Head of Department at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences. There, my experience and the network from the assignment as a Director of Transport Area of Advance will be very useful. In collaboration with the industry, I will also continue to work with long-term funding for vehicle research.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Additionally, I will continue to work with gender equality, including in Chalmers Genie initiative (Gender Initiative for Excellence), after the mentoring program for senior female researchers at Chalmers that I have been involved in and initiated”, says Sinisa Krajnovic.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>On 1 April 2022, Sinisa Krajnovic is succeeded by Balázs Kulcsár in the position as Director of Transport Area of Advance. </em><br /><br />Text: Linda Wallgren Jirvén</div> <div><br /></div>Wed, 23 Mar 2022 13:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/Transport/news/Pages/New-Director-of-Transport-Area-of-Advance-appointed.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/Transport/news/Pages/New-Director-of-Transport-Area-of-Advance-appointed.aspxNew Director of Transport Area of Advance appointed<p><b>​Balázs Kulcsár, professor at Chalmers Department of Electrical Engineering, has been appointed new Director of Transport Area of Advance as of 1 April 2022. He is succeeding Sinisa Krajnovic whose directorship runs out after a total of six years.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">Balázs Kulcsár was recruited to Chalmers as an assistant professor within Transport Area of Advance in 2011.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /> “He has since been active in the Area of Advance and committed to its development. He has a clear view of academia’s role and challenges in supporting future transport solutions. The decision means that the Transport Area of Advance will have a new director with strong roots in the faculty, international experience and a holistic view of transport systems&quot;, says Anders Palmqvist, Vice President for Research and Chalmers' Area of Advance.</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_bilder-utan-fast-format/Balazs_Kulcsar.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><strong>Intelligent transport systems of the future<br /><br /></strong></div> <div>Balázs Kulcsár is in the research group Automatic Control at the Department of Electrical Engineering. His research mainly focuses on design of intelligent transport systems, modeling of traffic flows and traffic network modeling and control (management). His projects are contributing to developing future transportation systems from a holistic point of view. He has international experience from being a postdoc in the USA and the Netherlands.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What made you apply?<br /></strong></div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div>“Applying for the directorship is a natural way for me to reciprocate what I have gained from the Transport Area of Advance and I take it on with a strong sense of responsibility. I was the very first assistant professor recruited from abroad to Chalmers’ Transport Area of Advance. Over these more than ten years, I have really enjoyed growing up in, and contributing, to the Transport Area of Advance. The mentorship, the internal and external networks and the leadership have all been very valuable“, says Balázs Kulcsár.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What experiences will you bring?<br /><br /></strong></div> <div>“Firstly, I know well from my own experience how it is to be a researcher within the Transport Area of Advance and what research support means. Secondly, since I first arrived at Chalmers, I have experienced how vital it is to belong to this kind of strong network that embraces researchers with connected interests. This is a message I have emphasized in different national and international forums and through research, teaching and evaluations. With my experiences, I believe I can continue to contribute to the Transport Area of Advance but now at different level.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What opportunities and priorities do you see going forward?<br /><br /></strong></div> <div>“I have many ideas on how to continue to develop the Area of Advance. One important thing to note is that transportation research currently is witnessing a paradigm shift. Transportation is becoming a sustainable mobility service requiring the synergy of complex research profiles. This, more than ever, requires a strong network of collaborative researchers,” says Balázs.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Taking a wider perspective, transport research projects contribute to Chalmers’ excellence in Sweden and internationally. Inspiring our researchers to reach higher and higher with funding from Transport Area of Advance while introducing them to the mobility service concept is my aim. Hopefully my journey can serve as an inspiration to other researchers.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What is your view on collaboration with other Areas of Advance?<br /><br /></strong></div> <div>“Research trends call for more and more interdisciplinarity approaches. This is true for transportation sciences as well, where the vehicle is considered a central part of a mobility service. However, it is not the only part of the service. Therefore, I hope to collaborate with other Areas of Advance to create quality-oriented research in the transportation themes covered by the Area of Advance and to add value to each other.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Additionally, to continue building strong strategic partnerships outside Chalmers is vital to reach our objectives”, says Balázs Kulcsár.</div> <div><br /></div>Thu, 03 Mar 2022 18:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/ict/news/Pages/the-allwise-alvis.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/ict/news/Pages/the-allwise-alvis.aspx​Time to inaugurate all-wise computer resource<p><b>​Alvis is an old Nordic name meaning &quot;all-wise&quot;. An appropriate name, one might think, for a computer resource dedicated to research in artificial intelligence and machine learning. The first phase of Alvis has been used at Chalmers and by Swedish researchers for a year and a half, but now the computer system is fully developed and ready to solve more and larger research tasks.​</b></p><br /><div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Information%20and%20Communication%20Technology/300x454_Alvis_infrastructure_1.png" alt="A computer rack" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:10px;width:270px;height:406px" />Alvis is a national computer resource within the <strong><a href="https://www.snic.se/">Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing, SN​IC,</a></strong> and started on a small scale in the autumn of 2020, when the first version began being used by Swedish researchers. Since then, a lot has happened behind the scenes, both in terms of use and expansion, and now it's time for Chalmers to give Swedish research in AI and machine learning access to the full-scale expanded resource. The digital inauguration will take place on <span style="font-weight:normal"><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/ict/calendar/Pages/Alvis-inauguration-phase-2.aspx">February 25, 202</a>2.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>What can Alvis contribute to, then? </b>The purpose is twofold. On the one hand, one addresses the target group who research and develop methods in machine learning, and on the other hand, the target group who use machine learning to solve research problems in basically any field. Anyone who needs to improve their mathematical calculations and models can take advantage of Alvis' services through SNIC's application system – regardless of the research field.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">&quot;Simply put, Alvis works with pattern recognition, according to the same principle that your mobile uses to recognize your face. What you do, is present very large amounts of data to Alvis and let the system work. The task for the machines is to react to patterns - long before a human eye can do so,&quot; says <b>Mikael Öhman</b>, system manager at Chalmers e-commons.</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How can Alvis help Swedish research?</h3> <div><b>Thomas Svedberg</b> is project manager for the construction of Alvis:</div> <div>&quot;I would say that there are two parts to that answer. We have researchers who are already doing machine learning, and they get a powerful resource that helps them analyse large complex problems.</div> <div>But we also have those who are curious about machine learning and who want to know more about how they can work with it within their field. It is perhaps for them that we can make the biggest difference when we now can offer quick access to a system that allows them to learn more and build up their knowledge.&quot;</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The official inauguration of Alvis takes place on February 25. It will be done digitally, and you will find all <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/ict/calendar/Pages/Alvis-inauguration-phase-2.aspx">information about the event here.</a></div> <div><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Facts</h3> <div>Alvis, which is part of the national e-infrastructure SNIC, is located at Chalmers. <a href="/en/researchinfrastructure/e-commons/Pages/default.aspx">Chalmers e-commons</a> manages the resource, and applications to use Alvis are handled by the <a href="https://www.snic.se/allocations/snac/">Swedish National Allocations Committee, SNAC</a>. Alvis is financed by the <b><a href="https://kaw.wallenberg.org/">Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation</a></b> with SEK 70 million, and the operation is financed by SNIC. The computer system is supplied by <a href="https://www.lenovo.com/se/sv/" target="_blank">Lenovo​</a>. Within Chalmers e-commons, there is also a group of research engineers with a focus on AI, machine learning and data management. Among other things, they have the task of providing support to Chalmers’ researchers in the use of Alvis.</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Voices about Alvis:</h3> <div><b>Lars Nordström</b>, director of SNIC: &quot;Alvis will be a key resource for Swedish AI-based research and is a valuable complement to SNIC's other resources.&quot;</div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Sa</strong></span><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>ra Mazur</strong>, Director of Strategic Research, Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation: &quot;</span>A high-performing national computation and storage resource for AI and machine learning is a prerequisite for researchers at Swedish universities to be able to be successful in international competition in the field. It is an area that is developing extremely quickly and which will have a major impact on societal development, therefore it is important that Sweden both has the required infrastructure and researchers who can develop this field of research. It also enables a transfer of knowledge to Swedish industry.&quot;<br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Philipp Schlatter</b>, Professor, Chairman of SNIC's allocation committee Swedish National Allocations Committee, SNAC: &quot;Calculation time for Alvis phase 2 is now available for all Swedish researchers, also for the large projects that we distribute via SNAC. We were all hesitant when GPU-accelerated systems were introduced a couple of years ago, but we as researchers have learned to relate to this development, not least through special libraries for machine learning, such as Tensorflow, which runs super fast on such systems. Therefore, we are especially happy to now have Alvis in SNIC's computer landscape so that we can also cover this increasing need for GPU-based computer time.&quot;</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Scott Tease</strong>, Vice President and General Manager of Lenovo’s High Performance Computing (HPC) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) business: <span style="background-color:initial">“Lenovo </span><span style="background-color:initial">is grateful to be selected by Chalmers University of Technology for the Alvis project.  Alvis will power cutting-edge research across diverse areas from Material Science to Energy, from Health care to Nano and beyond. </span><span style="background-color:initial">Alvis is truly unique, built on the premise of different architectures for different workloads.</span></div> <div>Alvis leverages Lenovo’s NeptuneTM liquid cooling technologies to deliver unparalleled compute efficiency.  Chalmers has chosen to implement multiple, different Lenovo ThinkSystem servers to deliver the right NVIDIA GPU to their users, but in a way that prioritizes energy savings and workload balance, instead of just throwing more underutilized GPUs into the mix. Using our ThinkSystem SD650-N V2 to deliver the power of NVIDIA A100 Tensor Core GPUs with highly efficient direct water cooling, and our ThinkSystem SR670 V2 for NVIDIA A40 and T4 GPUs, combined with a high-speed storage infrastructure,  Chalmers users have over 260,000 processing cores and over 800 TFLOPS of compute power to drive a faster time to answer in their research.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/ict/calendar/Pages/Alvis-inauguration-phase-2.aspx" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" /></a><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/ict/calendar/Pages/Alvis-inauguration-phase-2.aspx">SEE INAUGURATION PROGRAMME​</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text: Jenny Palm</em></div> <em> </em><div><em>Photo: Henrik Sandsjö</em></div> <div><em>​<br /></em></div> <div><em><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Information%20and%20Communication%20Technology/750x422_Alvis_infrastructure_3_220210.png" alt="Overview computor" style="margin:5px;width:690px;height:386px" /><br /><br /><br /></em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> ​Sun, 13 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0100