News: Informations- och kommunikationsteknik related to Chalmers University of TechnologyFri, 14 May 2021 20:36:27 +0200 Announces Call for NESTs<p><b>​<span>WASP now announces a call for NESTs within AI, Autonomous Systems and Software. NEST is a new instrument in WASP that will encourage Novelty, Excellence, Synergy, and Teams. <span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></b></p><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Aim and scope of the call </h2> <div>In this call WASP accepts applications from all the five partner universities Chalmers University of Technology, Linköping University, Lund University, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, and Umeå University as well as the research groups at Örebro University and Uppsala University that are members of WASP. <br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>A NEST should address a specific strategic high-priority research challenge within WASP with international impact and visibility that requires the gathered competence of a multi-disciplinary team of investigators in order to be solved. The novelty and originality aspects and the relevance to Swedish industry are important.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The call is open, and the deadline for applications is March 1, 2021. <br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="">To the call</a><br /></div> <br /><br /><div><em>Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program (WASP) is Sweden’s largest individual research program, a major national initiative for strategically motivated basic research, education, and faculty recruitment. The program addresses research on artificial intelligence and autonomous systems acting in collaboration with humans, adapting to their environment through sensors, information, and knowledge, and forming intelligent systems-of-systems.</em></div> <a href=""></a>Fri, 18 Dec 2020 10:00:00 +0100 Ström is the new Director of Area of Advance ICT<p><b>​In January, Erik Ström will take over as Director of the Area of Advance Information and Communication Technology, ICT, when Ivica Crnkovic’ appointment ends.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The Area of Advance ICT has made strong contributions to Chalmers' progress within artificial intelligence and autonomous systems in recent years, including Chalmers' participation in the Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program, WASP, and not least through the establishment of the Chalmers Foundation investment CHAIR, Chalmers AI Research Centre.</span><div><br /></div> <div>Erik Ström points out ICT as the very engine of smart systems. This was something he expressed in his William Chalmers lecture this autumn. A clip from the lecture can be found in the video above.</div> <div>“ICT offers an important key to sustainable development in many areas, such as energy, transport, health, production and more. I’m eager to contribute in developing that work at Chalmers”, he says.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Erik Ström is a professor of Communication Systems and Centre Director for ChaseOn, one of Chalmers' very successful competence centres that has run for almost 15 years. His research includes, among other things, vehicle communications for traffic safety applications, and he has previously been involved in the management of SAFER and the Area of Advance Transport.</div> <div>“Through the Area of Advance, I have built a valuable network. I’ve learned new things but also gained contacts to start new projects – both at Chalmers and with actors in industry.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>He starts his new assignment as Director in January, and initially he will focus on getting acquainted with the task and learn the procedures.</div> <div>“The current AoA management has done a really good job, including major initiatives such as CHAIR and WASP. In 2021, I will get to work together with Co-Director Giuseppe Durisi, which is valuable for continuity and knowledge transfer.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Erik Ström is also looking forward to collaborating with the other Areas of Advance.</div> <div>“ICT is an area with connections to several Areas of Advance and there are endless possibilities, it is very exciting”, he says.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Contact: <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/erik-strom.aspx">Erik Ström</a>, Professor in Communication Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering. <span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The full William Chalmers lecture can be found here:</div> <div><a href="/en/news/Pages/On-5G-Covid-19-cocksureness-and-todays-challenges.aspx">On 5G, Covid-19, cocksureness and todays challenges</a></div> <div><br /></div> Thu, 10 Dec 2020 14:00:00 +0100 projects at Chalmers receive grants from the Swedish Research Council<p><b>Four researchers from four different departments at Chalmers were successfull in obtaining grants for AI-related projects from The Swedish Research Council (VR) within natural and engineering sciences. CHAIR congratulates Philippe Tassin, Robert Feldt, Christian Häger and Ross King​.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​​AI-projects with grants from The Swedish Research Council  </h3> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Robert Feldt, Department of Computer Science and Engineering </strong><br />Automatiserad testning av gränser för kvalitet på AI/ML modeller <br />SEK 2 180 000 </div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><strong>Christian Häger, Department of Electrical Engineering </strong><br />Fysikbaserad djupinlärning för optisk dataöverföring och distribuerad avkänning <br />SEK 4 000 000 </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Ross King, Department of Biology and Biological Engineering </strong><br />Closed-loop inlärning av genome-scale metaboliska modeller med hjälp av Robot Forskaren Genesis <br />SEK 3 800 000</div> <div>​</div></div> <div> </div> <div> <strong>Philippe Tassin, Department of Physics </strong><br />Utveckling av nya fotoniska metaytor med hjälp av artificiell intelligens <br /> SEK 3 700 000 </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Read more:</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/news/Pages/43-Chalmers-researchers-receive-funding-for-more-research.aspx">43 Chalmers researchers receive funding for more research &gt;</a><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Pressrelease in Swedish from the Swedish Research Council: <br /><a href="" target="_blank">1,1 miljarder till naturvetenskap och teknikvetenskap &gt;​</a> (29 Oct)<br /></div> <div></div>Sun, 15 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0100 5G, Covid-19, cocksureness and todays challenges<p><b>​He develops technology that can point out exact positions without using GPS and prevent self-driving cars from colliding. This year's William Chalmers lecturer Erik Ström wants to talk about the possibilities of communication technology – and major challenges.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Erik Ström is professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering. Simply put, he works with technology to move information from one place to another. He is also the director of the competence center ChaseOn, which develops antenna systems for anything from high-speed mobile networks and self-driving cars to safe baby food and medical diagnostics. He has also been involved in developing a global standard for 5G, which has resulted in frequent questions by media about the development of mobile networks. In those situations, he is keen on highlighting the possibilities with communication technology.</span><div><span style="background-color:initial">“What if we had not had the internet and all the resources of today – what would we have done in this Covid pandemic?” he says. “It is fantastic how we can gather, process and use data to, for example, predict where the infection will appear, perhaps be able to find vaccines and effective treatment methods. There is an incredible potential in this technology!”</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Time for yet another new generation </strong></div> <div>The 5G mobile network is faster than previous generations and has an increased capacity, which means that more devices can be connected at the same time and communicate with each other in real time. It is soon in everyone’s pocket. And recently, the first step was taken towards starting the next generation – 6G. Chalmers, together with a number of other academies and industries, is participating in a major EU project that will set the framework before the work on the new 6G net can even begin. In eight to ten years, the network will then be available to the public. But it is still too early to predict which new technological innovations 6G will involve, says Erik Ström. </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“As they say, the only thing we know for certain is that 6G comes after 5G. Of course, we have some thoughts about which new services we think will be important, but it is difficult to know beforehand what will become a commercial hit. As an example, we believe that developing an accurate positioning in six dimensions will be useful. It will enable you to determine, for example, where and on which floor in a large high-rise building a mobile phone is located, and also in which direction that phone is pointing, i.e. compass direction plus upwards/downwards, much like with a combined compass and spirit-level.”</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Worried about the societal development</strong></div> <div>As the mobile network is expanding, so are the reports of 5G masts being set on fire. Because online, the conspiracy theories thrive about a connection between 5G and the corona spread. Erik Ström is worried about this type of development and he therefore wants to spend some time in his lecture to reflect his thoughts on the concept of knowledge.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“I am concerned about the development towards a society where people get their worldview confirmed in their filter b</span><span style="background-color:initial">ubbles”, says Erik Ström. “It's really dangerous!”</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>How do you feel about giving this year's William Chalmers lecture?</strong></div> <div>“It is very honoring to be selected among all the talented people at Chalmers! I enjoy sharing my thoughts, and to talk about things close to my heart in this forum is really exciting. But it also gives me a great deal of performance anxiety – that comes naturally with something like this!”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Helena Österling af Wåhlberg</div> <div>Photo: Yen Strandqvist​​</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> Tue, 13 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 for CHAIR Consortium 1- and 2-year Projects 2021<p><b>​​New call for 1- and 2-year projects starting 2021. The call is open for proposals supported by core partners from the consortium of Chalmers AI Research Centre​ (CHAIR).</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​​Important dates</h3> <div><div><ul><li>Submission due : Dec 15, 2020 (the date is firm)</li> <li>Notification: Feb , 2021</li> <li>Project start: April 1st 2021</li> <li>Project end (first year): March 31st, 2022 </li></ul> <span style="background-color:initial">The CHAIR Consortium consists of the following core partners: Chalmers, Volvo Group, CEVT, Volvo Cars, Ericsson and Sahlgrenska University Hospital. While the application domains of the partners are diverse, they all face a set of common challenges in developing AI/ML solutions, which are addressed in this call. This call for 1- and 2-year projects asks for novel research ideas and solutions that address these common challenges and are of interest for the consortium partners. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">A budget per project is up to 600 kSEK/year. Two-year projects will be approved for one year and conditionally for the second year after the evaluation from the first year. The total budget of this call will be sufficient for 6-8 projects. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"> The proposals must be supported from at least one core partner. A letter of intent from a core partner is required.  (<em>Note: It is OK to get  an informal  Letter of Intent from the unit manager that will have the resposibility for the involvment in the project</em>) A contribution in kind or in cash from core partners is preferable. Chalmers institutions, as defined for all CHAIR projects, need to contribute 10% of the budget in kind. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"> Applications that build teams with a good gender balance are encouraged. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"> The proposal topics should be in the area of AI, or AI-related area. The project can be of fundamental-AI character, or Applied AI with emphasis of a combination AI with other fundamental research areas (AI enablers), or a use of AI in a particular domain. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span> Requirements</span></h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><ul><li><span style="background-color:initial">Eligible applicants are Chalmers researchers including GU employees at shared departments (MV and CSE). PhD students or master students from Chalmers, or GU from the education programs at shared departments can be included in the project.</span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The budget should not exceed 600 kSEK per year including indirect costs (OH). It can cover personnel costs, and other costs up to 10% of the project budget, excluding equipment. Further, 10% funding in kind is requested from the department hosting the project.</span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The proposal should follow the formats and outline defined in two templates and the letter(s) of intent. Incomplete proposals, or proposals that do not follow the defined format and size of the templates will be desk-rejected.</span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">A researcher can only be part of one proposal. </span></li></ul></span></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Submission and notification </span></h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The proposals should be submitted as one PDF file consisting of the following parts </span></div> <div><ol><li><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/SiteCollectionDocuments/Centrum/CHAIR/CHAIR_1-2year_Project-proposal-template.docx" target="_blank"><span>Chair Project proposal form</span></a> - one page (Word template) </span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/centres/chair/news/Documents/CHAIR%201-2%20years%20Project%20Plan%20Template.docx">Project Plan</a> - max 5 pages, including ethical considerations (Word template) </span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">CVs of main applicants - one page per applicant </span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/SiteCollectionDocuments/Centrum/CHAIR/CHAIR-Letter-of-intent.docx" target="_blank">Letter of Intent​</a> (Word template) </span></li></ol> ​<br /><span style="background-color:initial">The proposal should be submitted as a PDF-file containing all above documents to Easychair.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Submit your PDF proposal to Easychair​</a></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"> Upon notification, the PIs should prepare and sign the project contract with the CHAIR Consortium. The manager of the PI (Head of Unit or head of department) at Chalmers will also sign the contract. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span> Evaluation Criteria </span></h3> <div><ul><li><span style="background-color:initial">The research novelty of the proposal.</span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The involvement of the core partners. Involvement of several core partners will be prioritized.</span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The relevance for core partners (including the number that found it relevant).</span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The possible impact of the research to the research field. </span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The expected research results, and the potential of the research results for further research or utilization. </span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The feasibility of the project plan. </span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The ability of the project members to deliver the results. </span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The ethical reasoning. </span></li></ul> <br /><span style="background-color:initial">The proposals will be evaluated by a CHAIR independent review team and the decision of funding will be taken by the CHAIR Core Partners Board, and approved by CHAIR steering committee. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span> Contact Information </span></h3> <div>Contact information and possible questions: <br /><ul><li>The call general questions can be sent to Ivica Crnkovic (<a href=""></a>) or Kolbjörn Tunström (<a href="" target="_blank"></a>).</li> <li>For questions related to the ethical aspects of the proposal you can contact Olle Häggström (<a href="">​</a>). </li> <li>To contact Core partners for particular questions related to the project proposal you can contact </li> <ul><li>CEVT: <a href="">Shafiq Urréhman​</a></li> <li><a href=""></a>Ericsson: <a href="">Aneta Vulgarakis</a> </li> <li>Sahlgrenska University Hospital: <a href="">Anders Hyltander</a> </li> <li>Volvo Cars: <a href="">Erik Hjerpe</a> </li> <li>Volvo Group: <a href="">Jenny Erneman​</a></li></ul></ul></div></div> Mon, 12 Oct 2020 11:00:00 +0200 school in AI within humanities and social sciences<p><b>​<span style="background-color:initial">Four doctoral students from Chalmers participated in the first meeting of the WASP-HS graduate school when 35 doctoral students from several Swedish universities gathered to discuss and dive deeper in artificial intelligence within humanities and social sciences.</span></b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">WASP-HS research tackles the challenges and impact of upcoming technology shifts as well as contributing to the development of theory and practice of human and societal aspects of AI and autonomous systems, and in particular, focus on potential ethical, economic, labor market, social, cultural and legal aspects of technological transition.</span><div><br /></div> <div>Each of the doctoral students hold a position at a Swedish university as a member of one of the 16 research projects that are run in the WASP-HS program. The doctoral students from Chalmers that participated was Alicja Ostrowska, from department of Technology Management and Economics, and Mafalda Gamboa, Denitsa Saynova and Ziming Wang from the department of Computer Science and Engineering.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program – Humanities and Society (WASP-HS) is a ten-year research programme funded by the Wallenberg Foundations.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="">Read more about the WASP-HS graduate school. </a></div> <div><br /></div>Mon, 05 Oct 2020 07:00:00 +0200 call: Affiliated WASP PhD Student Positions in AI<p><b>​The purpose of the call is to provide the opportunity for PhD students not funded by WASP to be part of the WASP Graduate School.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program announces a call for up to 15 affiliated WASP AI PhD student positions within AI at the five partner universities Chalmers, KTH, Linköping University, Lund University and Umeå University as well as the research groups at Örebro University and Uppsala University that are members of WASP AI. </span><div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">To t</span><span style="background-color:initial">he </span><span style="background-color:initial">call: </span><a href="">Affiliated WASP PhD Student Positions in AI​</a><br /></div> <div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">C</span><span style="background-color:initial">halmers' representative in WASP: <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/crnkovic.aspx">Ivica Crnkovic​​</a></span><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><em>Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program (WASP) is Sweden’s largest individual research program, a major national initiative for strategically motivated basic research, education, and faculty recruitment. The program addresses research on artificial intelligence and autonomous systems acting in collaboration with humans, adapting to their environment through sensors, information, and knowledge, and forming intelligent systems-of-systems. </em><br /></div> <a href="" target="_blank"><div></div></a>Fri, 25 Sep 2020 08:00:00 +0200 of Advance Award for wireless centre collaboration<p><b>​Collaboration is the key to success. Jan Grahn and Erik Ström, who have merged two Chalmers competence centres, GigaHertz and ChaseOn, to form a consortium with 26 parties, know this for sure. Now they receive the Areas of Advance Award 2020 for their efforts.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">A competence centre is a platform for knowledge exchange and joint projects. Here, academia and external parties gather to create new knowledge and innovation. The projects are driven by need, and can be initiated from industry – who have a problem to solve – or from the research community, as new research results have generated solutions that may be applied in industry.</span><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Stronger as one unit</h2> <div>The competence centre GigaHertz focuses on electronics for high frequencies, while ChaseOn focuses on antenna systems and signal processing. They overlap in microwave technology research, which is relevant for communication and health care, as well as defense and space industry. And even if some areas differ between the two centres, numerous points of contact have been developed over the years. The two directors – Jan Grahn, Professor at Microtechnology and Nanoscience, and Erik Ström, Professor at Electrical Engineering – saw that close collaboration would result in obvious advantages. In 2017, the two centres therefore formed a joint consortium, bringing together a large number of national and international companies.</div> <div>“Formally, we are still two centres, but we have a joint agreement that makes it easy to work together”, says Erik Ström.</div> <div>“For Chalmers, it is a great strength that we are now able to see the whole picture, beyond departmental boundaries and research groups, and create a broad collaboration with the companies. This is an excellent example of how Chalmers can gather strength as one unit”, says Jan Grahn.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Multiplicity of applications</h2> <div>Technology for heat treatment of cancer, detection of foreign objects in baby food, antenna systems for increased traffic safety, components to improve Google’s quantum computer, 5G technology and amplifiers for the world’s largest radio telescope… The list of things that have sprung from the two competence centres is long. The technical development has, of course, been extreme; in 2007, as GigaHertz and ChaseOn were launched in their current forms, the Iphone hit the market for the very first time. Technology that today is seen as a natural part of everyday life – such as mobile broadband, now almost a necessity alongside electricity and water for most of us – was difficult to access or, at least, not to be taken for granted.</div> <div>The companies have also changed, which is noticeable in the flora of partners, not least for GigaHertz.</div> <div>“In the early 2000s, when our predecessor CHACH centre existed, the collaboration with Ericsson was dominant. Today, we collaborate with a much greater diversity of companies. We have seen an entrepreneurial revolution with many small companies, and even though the technology is basically the same, we are now dealing with a multiplicity of applications”, says Jan Grahn.</div> <div>As technology and applications developed and changed, the points of contact between the two centres grew, and this is also what initiated the merger:</div> <div>“When we started, in 2007, we were competing centres. The centres developed completely independently of each other, but have now grown into one. The technical convergence could not be ignored, we simply needed to start talking to each other across competence boundaries – which in the beginning was not so easy, even though today we view this as the obvious way forward”, says Erik Ström.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Research to benefit society</h2> <div>The knowledge centres are open organisations, where new partners join and collaborations may also come to an end. Several companies are sometimes involved together in one project. Trust and confidence are important components and take time to build. One ground-rule for activities is the focus on making research useful in society in the not too distant future.</div> <div>Chalmers Information and Communication Technology Area of Advance can take some of the credit for the successful collaboration between GigaHertz and ChaseOn, according to the awardees.</div> <div>“Contacts between centres were initiated when I was Director of the Area of Advance”, says Jan Grahn.</div> <div>“The Areas of Advance show that we can collaborate across departmental boundaries, they point to opportunities that exist when you work together.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">They believe in a bright future</h2> <div>The competence centres are partly financed by Vinnova, who has been nothing but positive about the merger of the two. Coordination means more research for the money; partly through synergy effects and partly by saving on costs in management and administration.</div> <div>The financed period for both GigaHertz and ChaseOn expires next year. But the two professors are positive, and above all point to the strong support from industry.</div> <div>“Then, of course, we need a governmental financier, or else we must revise the way we work. I hope that Vinnova gives us the opportunity to continue”, says Erik Ström.</div> <div>“The industry definitely wants a continuation. But they cannot, and should not, pay for everything. If they were to do so, we would get a completely different type of collaboration. The strength lies in sharing risks in the research activities by everyone contributing funds and, first and foremost, competence”, says Jan Grahn.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">“Incredibly fun”</h2> <div>Through their way of working, Erik Ström and Jan Grahn have succeeded in renewing and developing collaborations both within and outside Chalmers, attracting new companies and strengthening the position of Gothenburg as an international node for microwave technology. And it is in recognition of their dynamic and holistic leadership, that they now receive the Areas of Advance Award.</div> <div>“This is incredibly fun, and a credit for the entire centre operation, not just for us”, says Erik Ström.</div> <div>“Being a centre director is not always a bed of roses. Getting this award is a fantastic recognition, and we feel great hope for the future”, concludes Jan Grahn.<br /><br /><div><em>Text: Mia Malmstedt</em></div> <div><em>Photo: Yen Strandqvist</em></div> <br /></div> <div><strong>The Areas of Advance Award</strong></div> <div>With the Areas of Advance Award, Chalmers looks to reward employees who have made outstanding contributions in cross-border collaborations, and who, in the spirit of the Areas of Advance, integrate research, education and utilisation. The collaborations aim to strengthen Chalmers’ ability to meet the major global challenges for a sustainable development.<br /><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/centres/ghz/Pages/default.aspx">Read more about GigaHertz centre</a></div> <div><a href="/en/centres/chaseon/Pages/default.aspx">Read more about ChaseOn centre​</a></div> <div>​<br />Areas of Advance Award 2019: <a href="/en/news/Pages/Areas-of-Advance-Award-given-to-research-exploring-the-structure-of-proteins.aspx">Areas of Advance Award for exploring the structure of proteins​</a></div> Thu, 10 Sep 2020 08:00:00 +0200 researchers address the question – how does it work?<p><b>​Researchers around the world are focusing on the task of finding a theoretical framework that can explain how deep learning works in practice. Professor Giuseppe Durisi at Chalmers has accepted the challenge.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">We have become used to computers that can be trained to accomplish intelligent tasks such as image and speech recognition and natural language processing. To explain how this training is performed, we can compare it to how a child learns. For example, a child needs to see a certain number of cats in order to build the general knowledge 'cat'.</span><div><br /></div> <div>Deep neural networks are trained in a similar manner. We feed them with example, which are used to adjust the parameters of the network, until the network delivers correct answers. When the network provides correct answers even when faced with new examples, that is, examples that were not used in the training phase, we know that it has acquired some general knowledge.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Deep neural networks have achieved sensational results, but there is one fundamental problem that concerns researchers and experts. We see that they work, but we do not fully understand why. A common criticism is that deep learning algorithms are used as &quot;a black box&quot; – which is unacceptable for all applications that require guaranteed performance, such as traffic safety applications.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>”Right now, we lack the tools to describe why deep neural networks perform so well”, says Giuseppe Durisi, professor of Information Theory.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Here is one of the mysteries about deep neural networks. According to established results in learning theory, we would expect deep neural networks to perform poorly when trained with the amount of data that is typically used.  But practice shows that this is perfectly fine.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>”It is even the case that if you make the network more complex – which according to established knowledge would impair its ability to generalize, the performance will sometimes improve.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>There is no theoretically based explanation for why this occurs, but Giuseppe Durisi speculates with another analogy with human learning.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>”In order to reach a deeper understanding and thus the ability to generalize based on a large number of examples, we are required to overlook, or forget, a certain amount of details that are not important. Somehow, deep neural networks learn which part of the data is worth memorizing and which part can be ignored.” </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Many research groups around the world are now working hard to come up with a theory explaining how and why deep neural networks work. In connection with a major international conference in July this year, a competition was announced to see which research team can come up with theoretical bounds able to predict the performance of deep neural networks.</div> <div><br /></div> <div> Tools from many different research fields can be used to establish such a theory. Giuseppe Durisi hopes that information theory can be the right one.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Yes, information theory is my area of expertise, but it remains to be seen if we will succeed. That is how research works – and it is really exciting to apply the theory I am familiar with to address the completely novel challenge of understanding deep neural networks. It will keep us busy for a while.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Giuseppe Durisi has several research projects under way and collaborates with colleagues in other fields. Within the Chalmers AI Research Centre, he collaborates with Fredrik Hellström, Fredrik Kahl and Christopher Zach, and in a WASP project, Giuseppe Durisi and Rebecka Jörnsten from Mathematical Sciences have recently recruited a doctoral student, Selma Tabakovic, who will work on this problem.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>When Giuseppe Durisi reflects on the future, he sees that a greater understanding of deep learning can contribute with additional benefits – besides providing guaranteed performance in safety critical systems.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>”With a theoretical understanding of how deep learning works, we could build smaller, more compact, and energy-efficient networks that may be suitable for applications such as Internet-of-Things. It would contribute to increase the sustainability of such a technology.” </div> <div><br /> </div> <div><br /> </div> <div> </div> <div><div>Research projects</div> <div><strong>INNER: information theory of deep neural networks</strong></div> <div>Fredrik Hellström, Giuseppe Durisi and Fredrik Kahl</div> <div>Chalmers AI Research Centre (CHAIR)</div> <div><br /> </div> <div><strong>Generalization bounds of Deep Neural Networks: Insight and Design</strong></div> <div>Selma Tabakovic, Rebecka Jörnsten and Giuseppe Durisi</div> <div>Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program (WASP)​</div></div> <div><br /> </div> <div><br /> </div> <div><br /> </div> <div>A deep neural network is a computer program that learns on its own. It is called &quot;neural network&quot; because its structure is inspired by the neural network that forms the human brain. Deep learning is a machine learning method, and part of what we call artificial intelligence. </div> <div><br /> </div> <div><strong>Illustration above:</strong> A deep neural network is fed with training data (in this case images) and the learning algorithms interpret the images through a number of layers – for each layer the degree of abstraction increases. Once the network has learned to identify combinations of patterns in the image – the system is able to distinguish a dog from a cat even on completely new images that were not included in the training material. </div> <div><br /> </div> <div><br /> </div> <div><br /> </div> <div></div>Tue, 01 Sep 2020 07:00:00 +0200 million to develop communication systems of the future<p><b>​<span>Niklas Rorsman, research professor at the Microwave Electronics Laboratory at MC2, receives 10 MSEK in research grant from the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF). Now, he has the opportunity to develop his cooperation with Taiwan.<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></b></p>&quot;We are very happy! You are always pleasantly surprised when applications are granted. This is especially true of SSF's calls where competition is always hard. In this call, there were many applicants, so the chance that our application would be welcomed so positively was relatively small&quot;, says Niklas Rorsman.<br /><br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/nrorsman_350x305.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Picture of Niklas Rorsman." style="margin:5px" />He is funded with SEK 10 million for the new project &quot;Advanced GaN Devices for mm and sub-mm-wave communication&quot;.<br />&quot;We will try to optimize GaN transistors to operate at very high frequencies with the goal of being able to deliver enough output for the communication systems of the future. In the project, we will develop new materials and explore new component concepts to achieve this goal. We will be very dependent on the clean room and our measuring laboratory to be able to try and evaluate new ideas&quot;, explains Niklas.<br /><br />SSF awards a total of SEK 60 million to strengthen research collaboration with Taiwan in various projects. It is a new venture that complements the cooperation that SSF already has with Japan and South Korea.<br />&quot;I look forward to the fruition of this massively expanded collaboration between Swedish and Taiwanese researchers, including benefits to interacting industry with market opportunities stemming from innovations and scientific advances made in the projects&quot;, says professor and SSF CEO Lars Hultman in a press release.<br /><br />For Niklas Rorsman's part, a golden opportunity now arises to extend his existing exchange with Taiwan, by means of personnel, materials and knowledge:<br />&quot;We have long had a relatively close relationship with a group at National Chiao Tung University (NCTU) in Taiwan. So far, it has resulted in some &quot;dual-degree&quot; dissertations and we have had several guest doctoral students, who have been at Chalmers for about a year and worked with us in our projects&quot;, says Niklas.<br /><br />The hope is that doctoral students and researchers will be able to periodically spend time as guest researchers in Taiwan.<br />&quot;Taiwan is an interesting country to work with. They are one of the world's largest exporters of semiconductor technology&quot;, says Niklas.<br /><br />He describes himself as a country guy and a research professor who is most comfortable with lab work.<br />&quot;I am not so fond of air travel, but it might be necessary to travel to Taiwan now...&quot;<br /><br />Niklas Rorsman is one of only two Chalmers researchers to get support in this call, which received a total of 49 applications, of which six were granted. His happy colleague is Marianna Ivashina, professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering. She receives 10 million SEK for her project &quot;Antenna Technologies for Beyond-5G Wireless Communication&quot;.<br /><br />Text: Michael Nystås<br />Photo: Anna-Lena Lundqvist<br /><br /><div><a href="">Read press release from SSF</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/10-million-grant-to-antenna-research.aspx">Read more about Marianna Ivashina's grant</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;<br /></div>Thu, 25 Jun 2020 09:00:00 +0200–-the-start-of-our-smart-society.aspx – the start of our smart society<p><b>​The Swedish auction of frequency bands for 5G this autumn will be the start of the next generation of mobile systems, which is expected to result in a plethora of new connected services. Which actors will drive innovation remains to be seen – but how trust is handled will be crucial. ​</b></p><p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Initially, we will primarily experience a significantly stronger mobile broadband, and the capacity to connect a larger number of units. 5G will also be ten times more energy efficient compared to 4G. Then, the notorious 5G boost of the Internet of Things will likely follow, and the expected revolution of industry, smart cities, cloud-based augmented reality and much more. Many industries have already launched connected services, based on other communication standards such as Wi-Fi or 4G.</span></p> <p>“Which is good, a rapid development gives competitive advantage. We learn as we go, and with 5G comes the opportunity to scale up”, says Tommy Svensson, researcher in Communication Systems.</p> <p>He believes this is an important revolution and exemplifies with the automotive industry.</p> <p>“Important aspects of their operations will be cloud-based, such as product updates to vehicles via the network and collection of data on maintenance needs, and we will see new traffic safety features thanks to fast communication to and in-between vehicles”, says Tommy Svensson.</p> <p>“There are still areas of development for 5G, such as AI that could self-optimize the networks, energy distribution to sensors, or to improve coverage in challenging areas across the globe”, says Tommy Svensson.</p> <p>The scenarios for the future are attractive, but what does it take for new technology to bring innovation on a broad front? Erik Bohlin at the Department of Technology Management and Economics studies regulation and competition in telecom. He says there is an ongoing debate about which actors are likely to drive the development.</p> <p>“Mobile operators need to be on their toes if they want to drive innovation in the 5G cloud. It is very likely that there will be other actors. Cloud services of today are mostly driven by other than mobile operators”, says Erik Bohlin.</p> <p>“With 5G there is a possibility to use more frequency bands, different frequency bands may be suitable for different purposes. There is also a discussion about allocating a frequency range for specific applications. Several countries in Europe have already taking this decision, including Sweden”, says Erik Bohlin.</p> <p>Some mean that it would benefit innovation to open the market for new actors to drive and develop new applications. Erik Bohlin and his colleagues have studied the current policies for telecom and frequency allocation and compared with available research on innovation systems. The analysis shows that today's regulation of the telecom market in Europe has mainly been focused on competition issues, to avoid any individual player becoming too dominant.</p> <p>However, with the launch of 5G, the issue of promoting innovation has been raised. But there is no simple answer on how to set up a frequency allocation auction in order to promote innovation, according to Erik Bohlin. Innovation is difficult to predict. He makes a historical comparison.</p> <p>“Many believed that 3G was going to boost innovation, but it was not until smartphones came that we saw an upswing. Nor could anyone predict that today's major business areas would be based on free services on the Internet, such as Google, Facebook and Spotify.”</p> <p>Most of the debate about 5G the last year has concerned security. High security requirements will be imposed on both operators and suppliers of infrastructure. In February it was decided that the Swedish Post and Telecom Authority (PTS), who are hosting the frequency auctions, needs to consult with the Swedish Security Service (Säpo) and the Swedish National Defense before granting any frequency permits.</p> <p>5G also enables new kinds of cloud services, but trust will be crucial in order to successfully provide these services.</p> <p>“In order to trust the telecom operators with these services, they need to ensure security, confidentiality, integrity. Some industry actors mean that they need to run their own services”, says Tomas Olovsson at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering.</p> <p>“If you look at the 5G network itself, the security need not be more challenging than for 4G. It's just a matter of moving data from a to b. Security can be handled in the same way as today, at a higher level in the applications”, says Tomas Olovsson.</p> <p>In terms of security, there are also benefits with 5G.</p> <p>“With 5G there is an opportunity to put parts of the security in the network itself and for some applications it can be a big advantage”, says Tomas Olovsson.</p> <p>For example, letting the network help authenticate the party you are communicating with in time-critical situations, or using a targeted radio signal, making wiretapping more difficult.</p> <p><br /></p> <p><em>Text: Malin Ulfvarson</em></p> <p><em>Illustration: Yen Strandqvist</em></p> <p><br /></p> <p><a href="">Republished from Chalmers magazine no. 1 2020</a> (In Swedish)</p> <p><br /></p> <p><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Information%20and%20Communication%20Technology/News%20events/CM/illustration5G_CM-nr1-20.jpg" alt="illustration of a connected city" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /><br /></p> <p>Also read: <a href="/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/5G-enables-communicating-gadgets-and-sustainability.aspx">5G enables communicating gadgets and sustainability</a></p> <p>​<br /></p>Mon, 15 Jun 2020 13:00:00 +0200 common e-infrastructure puts Chalmers at the front<p><b>Chalmers has a new e-infrastructure. Or rather, have decided to merge several resources into a single point of contact for researchers in need of digital infrastructures – to manage and make available research data, large calculations and visualisation. With e-Commons, Chalmers is leading the way into the future.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">New digital tools are revolutionising research – a development we have only seen the beginning of. Universities that succeed in exploiting and developing these opportunities effectively will have a competitive advantage. It concerns the needs of storage, handling and analysis of large amounts of data and large-scale simulations. In addition, increasing requirements for available and reusable data from publicly funded research.</span><div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Information%20and%20Communication%20Technology/News%20events/eCommons/LarsBorjesson.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Lars Börjesson" style="margin:5px" />“Today, the infrastructure is divided on different functions, which means that researchers in need of simulations go to a supercomputer centre and do their thing there, then to another infrastructure to do their visualisation, and yet another source for storage, archiving and making data available. It’s very time-consuming and obstacles arise along the way”, says Lars Börjesson, the President’s advisor for national and international research infrastructure.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“When we merge the resources, our researchers can get full-service assistance with their projects. They get the right expert from start to finish, which makes it much easier. We can simply introduce the digital tools much faster in all research areas.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Chalmers is not alone in having its e-infrastructure spread across several functions. This is the case at most universities.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“From what we can see, no other university in Europe has taken the step to build a merged e-infrastructure. But the need exists, both nationally and internationally – and it is on top of the agenda. But it takes time to introduce.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>As Chalmers representative in national and European bodies, Lars Börjesson has insights into the agendas. Many of the ideas behind Chalmers e-Commons are drawn from discussions at national and European level. One such body is the e-Infrastructure Reflection Group (e-IRG), which for several years was led by a Swedish researcher – Sverker Holmgren.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>An outstanding recruitment</strong></div> <div>Sverker Holmgren is professor in scientific computing and newly recruited director of Chalmers e-Commons. In addition to his chairmanship of the e-IRG, he has also been the director of the national e-infrastructure SNIC, worked at Nordforsk with responsibility for the Nordic cooperation in e-science and participated in governmental infrastructure investigations. It sounds like an outstanding recruitment, and it's mutual. Sverker Holmgren has worked visionally with the issues of e-infrastructure for many years, but now it is time for action.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Information%20and%20Communication%20Technology/News%20events/eCommons/SverkerHolmgren_FotoTerjeHeiestad.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />“Chalmers strength lies in the extensive preparatory work, a process that is well anchored in the faculty, and with a rector's decision, where the structure is well defined and elaborated. I do not think that any other university has come this far, neither in Sweden nor internationally. So, the conditions are good, but that does not mean that the work will be easy, says Sverker Holmgren with a smile.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The main challenges are not in technology, or in building infrastructure. It is about bringing together several different resources and operations, with rather different formats and backgrounds, so that they work together in the best way to build this integrated horizontal structure focused towards the research needs.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Almost all research areas have either realized or are about to realize – they need a range of e-infrastructure resources, the entire chain. This is where e-Commons is needed, as a researcher you shouldn’t have to turn to five different services, which today also applies different formats and languages.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Many initiatives underway</strong></div> <div>Similar plans are underway in this direction at both national and European levels. The planning of a European e-infrastructure Commons started during Sverker Holmgren's leadership of e-IRG, and in addition, the European Commission has been pushing the discussions on sharing of research resources and open science, and the digital platform that is required to enable the vision. This has resulted in the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) initiative, on which the EU places considerable resources.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>At the national level, there are forces driving a merger of the national e-infrastructures: SNIC, Sunet, Swedish National Data Service (SND), and sensitive register data. In early May, the government announced an assignment to Tobias Krantz, to investigate and submit proposals for implementation.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Our aim with e-Commons is completely in line with national and European plans. We are well positioned at Chalmers, we already have the mindset and have started to implement it”, says Lars Börjesson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text: Malin Ulfvarson</em></div> <em> </em><div><em>Photo: (C3SE) Anna-Lena Lundqvist, (Lars Börjesson) Jan-Olof Yxell, (Sverker Holmgren) Terje Heiestad.</em></div> <em> </em><div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Included in Chalmers e-infrastructure Commons:</strong></div> <div><ul><li>C3SE, Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering.</li> <li>e-science centre, user support</li> <li>Representatives from the Library/Department of Communication and Learning in Science, the operational support of IT and archive, and links to these divisions</li> <li>Data Science Research Engineers</li> <li>SNIC's national AI/ML resource</li> <li>Visualization Expertise, InfraVis, Visual Arena</li> <li>Connections to Chalmers AI Research Centre (CHAIR) and Data factory at Lindholmen</li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Short bio, Sverker Holmgren</strong></div> <div>Professor of scientific computing at Uppsala University, where formerly the director of the strategic research initiative eSSENCE and project manager for the university's research data project. Former chair of European e-Infrastructure Reflection Group (e-IRG) and director of Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC).</div> <div><br /></div> Mon, 01 Jun 2020 14:00:00 +0200 A conversation about AI risk and AI ethics in the age of covid-19<p><b>​Speakers: Jaan Tallinn and Olle Häggström</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Jaan Tallinn was originally trained in theoretical physics in Estonia and was one of the founders of Skype. Today he is an investor in technology start-ups around the world, as well as a philanthropist focusing on existential risk and AI safety research. </span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div>Olle Häggström is a professor of mathematical statistics at Chalmers, where he also serves as chairman of CHAIR's AI ethics committee. </div> <div> </div> <div>They discuss a range of topics in AI risk and AI ethics, and whether in these fields there are lessons to be learned from the ongoing covid-19 crisis.</div> <div> </div> <div>The webinar was held on 19th May, 2020, and organised by the AI Ethics Committee , within Chalmers AI Research Centre.</div> <div><br /></div> </div>Wed, 20 May 2020 14:00:00 +0200 for ICT Seed projects 2021<p><b>​Call for proposals within ICT strategic areas and involving interdisciplinary approaches.</b></p><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>​</strong><span><strong>Important dates:</strong></span></p> <div><ul><li>Submission date:  <span style="text-decoration:line-through">June 5th 2020</span> <strong style="color:rgb(255, 0, 0)"><span style="color:rgb(255, 0, 0)">18th June 2020</span></strong></li> <li>Notification: <span style="text-decoration:line-through">July, 2020</span> <strong style="color:rgb(255, 0, 0)"><span style="color:rgb(255, 0, 0)">August, 2020</span></strong></li> <li>Expected start of the project: January 2021</li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Background</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Area of Advance (AoA) provides financial support for SEED projects, i.e., projects involving innovative ideas that can be a starting point for further collaborative research and joint funding applications. We will prioritize research projects that involve researchers from different research communities (for example across ICT departments or between ICT and other Areas of Advances) and who have not worked together before (i.e., have no joint projects/publications). Young researchers, i.e., assistant professors, and female researchers are particularly encouraged to apply.  Research projects involving a gender-balanced team and assistant professors will be prioritized.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div><em><strong>Note:</strong> Only researchers employed at Chalmers can apply and can be funded. PhD students cannot be supported by this call.  Applicants and co-applicants of research proposals funded in the 2019 and 2020 ICT SEED calls cannot apply. </em></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>AoA ICT has identified four research profiles: Connected World (communication, sensing, interactive systems), Automated Society (intelligent systems, autonomous systems), Big Data (data analytics, data visualisation), and Digital Sustainability (energy-aware systems, security and privacy, safety). We encourage proposals related to these areas.  Additionally, we encourage proposals related to sustainability, and the <a href="" target="_blank">UN Sustainable Development Goals</a>.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>The total budget of the call is 1 MSEK. We expect to fund 3-5 projects.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Details of the call</strong></div> <div> </div> <div><ul><li>The project should include at least two researchers from different divisions at Chalmers (preferably two different departments) and who should have complementary expertise, and no joint projects/publications.</li> <li>The project should contribute to sustainable development. </li> <li>Proposals involving teams with good gender balance and involving assistant professors will be prioritized.</li> <li>The budget must be between 100 kSEK and 300 kSEK, including indirect costs (OH). The budget can cover personnel costs. It can also be used to, e.g., hire master students or host guest researchers. The budget cannot cover costs for equipment or travel costs to conferences/research visits. </li> <li>The project must start in early 2021 and should last 3-6 months. </li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What must the application contain?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>The application should be at most 3 pages long, font Times–roman, size 11. In addition, max 1 page can be used for references. Finally, an additional one-page CV of each one of the applicants must be included (max 4 CVs). Proposals that do not comply with this format will be desk rejected (no review process).</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The proposal should include:</div> <div> </div> <div>a) project title </div> <div> </div> <div>b) name, e-mail, and affiliation (department, division) of the applicants</div> <div> </div> <div>c) the research challenges addressed and the objective of the project; interdisciplinary aspects should be highlighted; also the applicant should discuss how the project contributes to sustainable development, preferably in relation to the <a href="" target="_blank">UN Sustainable Development Goals​</a> (SDG). Try to be specific and list the targets within each Goal that are addressed by your project.</div> <div> </div> <div>d) the project description </div> <div> </div> <div>e) the expected outcome (including dissemination plan) and the plan for further research and funding acquisition</div> <div> </div> <div>f) the project participants and the planned efforts</div> <div> </div> <div>g) the project budget and activity time-line</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Evaluation Criteria</strong></div> <div> </div> <div><ul><li>Interdisciplinary</li> <li>Novelty</li> <li>Budget and project feasibility</li> <li>Potential for further research and joint funding applications</li> <li>Dissemination plan</li> <li>Relevance to AoA ICT and Chalmers research strategy as well as to SDG</li> <li>Team composition</li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Submission</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>The application should be submitted as one PDF document to</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank"></a></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>The proposals will be evaluated by the AoA ICT management group and selected Chalmers researchers.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>Questions can be addressed to Ivica Crnkovic <a href=""></a> or Giuseppe Durisi <a href="">​</a>. </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>General information about the ICT Area of Advance can be found at </div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Information%20and%20Communication%20Technology/About%20us/IKT_logo_600px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>​<br /></div> <div> </div>Thu, 07 May 2020 09:00:00 +0200 has scaled up AI, autonomous systems and software at Chalmers<p><b>​<span style="background-color:initial">WASP Chair Sara Mazur and KAW Chair Peter Wallenberg visited Chalmers to gain insight into the activities. The large research program has scaled up the research at several of Chalmers departments.</span><div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div></b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">During the visit, Sara Mazur and Peter Wallenberg met Chalmers’ WASP researchers and learned about how the programme has developed at the university. They first met three of the research leaders that Chalmers has recruited with funding from WASP.</span><div><br /></div> <div>Professor Ross D. King has been recruited from the University of Manchester. He aims to make science more efficient with the aid of artificial intelligence (AI). At the Department of Biology and Biotechnology, he will continue his work with a &quot;Robot Scientist&quot;. The focus is to understand how cells work - a research area that is so complex that human scientists struggle, and where robotic help is needed.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Christopher Zach, joining recently from Toshiba's research lab in Cambridge, is now a Research Professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering, and Fredrik Johansson, with a postdoc from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is now an Assistant Professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Christopher's research topic is computer vision and image understanding, and Fredrik's research area is machine learning with a focus on medical applications. With mathematical theory and modelling as a scientific basis, the goal is to develop tools to be used as decision support in autonomous systems and health care. Is it possible to design a system with an ability to reason its way to a correct conclusion?</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Artificial intelligence offers very promising support in radiology, to identify tumours and other abnormalities in tomography or X-ray images. But work remains to be done to make the systems robust to changes in personnel, equipment and patient groups,” says Fredrik Johansson.</div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">WASP projects at five departments</h2> <div>The WASP program has scaled up the research in AI, autonomous systems and software at Chalmers. Since the start in 2018, approximately 50 PhD students and postdocs have been recruited and further recruitments are planned. The initiative is particularly noticeable at the Department of Mathematical Sciences, according to Daniel Persson, Assistant Professor and supervisor in the WASP program.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Mathematics for AI has increased at the department, not least the collaboration between research groups and with industry. A total of 14 research projects within AI are ongoing at the department today – thanks in large part to the fact that our researchers have been successful in obtaining grants from WASP,” says Daniel Persson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Chalmers Vice President for Research and Doctoral Education Anders Palmqvist is very pleased with how WASP has spread across the university departments.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“We have ongoing WASP projects at five different departments. Chalmers has a strategic ambition to work across departments through its Areas of Advance, and Chalmers' initial work to mobilise for the launch of WASP was handled in collaboration with the Information and Communication Technology Area of Advance,” says Anders Palmqvist.</div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Successful graduate school</h2> <div>In addition to research projects and strategic recruitments, WASP also runs a graduate school for PhD students with a range of joint courses and network meetings. Christian Berger, from the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, was involved in building up the graduate school.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The courses and network meetings, both nationally and internationally, offer great value to the PhD students. It was a challenge to develop an educational programme adapted to students from many disciplines, but what we have achieved broadens the students’ expertise and gives them an ability to communicate their research between the disciplines – which is not always easy,” says Christian Berger.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>During their visit to Chalmers, Sara Mazur and Peter Wallenberg also visited Chalmers Biomechatronics and Neurorehabilitation Lab. Director Max Ortiz Catalan demonstrated two types of research projects with assistance from two patients.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>About WASP</strong></div> <div>The Wallenberg Artificial Intelligence, Autonomous Systems and Software Program (WASP) is a major national initiative for strategically motivated basic research, education and faculty recruitment in artificial intelligence, autonomous systems and software development, funded by the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation together with the partner universities and participating industry. The starting point for WASP is the combined existing world-leading competence in Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering, and Computer Science at Sweden’s five major ICT universities: Chalmers University of Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Linköping University, Lund University and Umeå University. Research projects are also conducted at Uppsala University and Örebro University.</div> <div>The aim is to strengthen, expand, and renew the national competence through new strategic recruitments, a challenging research program, a national graduate school, and collaboration with industry.</div> <div><a href=""></a></div> <div><br /></div> <div>At Chalmers, there is an established collaboration between WASP and Chalmers AI Research Centre, CHAIR, to ensure good synergy.</div> <div><a href="/en/centres/chair/Pages/default.aspx"></a></div> Tue, 25 Feb 2020 17:00:00 +0100