News: Transport related to Chalmers University of TechnologyFri, 27 Nov 2020 13:25:52 +0100 material increases reliability of electric car motors<p><b>​A new insulation material for conductors increases the average lifetime of motor insulation in electric vehicles by about eight times. The material consists of a thin polyimide film, that is resistant to chemical degradation from electrons.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">In a collaboration project with ABB Sweden and DuPont, researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have evaluated new materials for motor insulation exposed for modern power electronics inverters, especially for electromobility applications. </span><div><br /></div> <div>The study evaluated the impact on the insulation material of increased electrical stresses caused by high switching frequency converters with a faster rise of voltage with respect to time on the conductor insulation materials used in today’s advanced traction motors. These converters are usually silicon carbide-based and can be found in modern electric vehicles. In the tests the conductor insulation was also exposed to high temperatures (150 to 180°C) and high voltages (3.0 and 3.5 kV). </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>New material provides an eight-fold improvement</strong></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Nytt%20isoleringsmaterial%20gör%20elbilsmotorer%20tillförlitligare/Shafigh-Nategh_200px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:170px;height:213px" />“We concluded that Kapton ECRC polyimide films may be considered as proper candidates for traction motors supplied by high-switching frequency converters designed and produced for the electrification market,” says Shafigh Nategh, research project leader at ABB and adjunct associate professor at the department of Electrical Engineering at Chalmers. “The comparison between non-corona resistant Kapton FN and the 25 percent thinner corona resistant Kapton ECRC materials showed that Kapton ECRC film increased the average life-time of the insulation by about eight times.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The research findings help DuPont better understand the impact of increased switching frequency from inverters on a new generation of corona-resistant Kapton polyimide film wire insulation,” says Shawn Filliben, technical service senior consultant for DuPont Kapton films. “This new technology will enable designers to have higher performing thin insulation to compete with historical enamel solutions. A thinner insulation material will also provide an additional degree of design freedom for those looking to create smaller, more reliable motors.”  </div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Nytt%20isoleringsmaterial%20gör%20elbilsmotorer%20tillförlitligare/Yujing_Liu-3_200px.jpg" alt="Yujing Liu" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px;width:170px;height:226px" />“Chalmers has a strong background in electric power engineering, and we are involved in exploring new technologies for electromobility applications together with several well-known industrial partners,” says Yujing Liu, professor and head of the unit Electrical Machines and Power Electronics at Chalmers. ”This is an excellent show-case project for collaboration between industry and academia.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Three complementary roles </strong></div> <div>With strong background in motor manufacturing, ABB formulated the new challenges in electrical machines for future vehicles and verified the new solutions against the targeted applications. DuPont, one of the world’s largest insulation material producers, provided the newest materials to deal with challenges. Chalmers, with strong electronics hardware competence and good lab facilities, developed advanced testing set-up and conducted time-consuming sample tests.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“We are very proud that Chalmers could contribute to this evaluation of the break-through insulation technology with world-leading companies. To become a preferable collaboration partner worldwide is a goal that we strive for”, says Yujing Liu.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>More about the project</strong></div> <div>The Chalmers team, led by Professor Yujing Liu, has collaborated closely with ABB and DuPont in the project to evaluate the new materials. Researcher Dr. Xiaoliang Huang and PhD student Bowen Jiang designed and built the experimental setup and supervised testing. Master’s thesis student Numair Alhallak simulated test system and monitored all the tests during several months. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The project was conducted in 2019 and 2020, and was jointly funded by the Swedish Energy Agency and ABB.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The final findings will be published in two scientific papers at the IEEE Workshop on Electrical Machine Design, Control and Diagnostics (WEMDCD) on 8–9 April 2021, in Modena, Italy.  </div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>For more information, contact:</strong></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/yujing-liu.aspx">Yujing Liu</a>, professor of electric power engineering at the department of Electrical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, <a href=""></a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read a press release about the project from DuPont</a></div> <div><br /></div>Tue, 17 Nov 2020 16:00:00 +0100 the webinar: Hydrogen – A silver bullet in the energy system?<p><b>​Thank all of you who participated in the webinar, 4 November: Hydrogen – A silver bullet in the energy system? Watch the seminar and download the speaker&#39;s presentations:​</b></p>​<a href="">​Watch the webinar on Chalmers Play: Hydrogen – A silver bullet in the energy system?</a><div><a href=""></a><div><br /></div> <div><span style="font-weight:700">Program</span><ul><li>Moderator: Anders Ådahl, Energy Area of Advance Co-Director.</li> <li><a href="">Maria Grahn</a>, Senior researcher, department of Mechanics and Maritime Science. Maritime Environmental Science. Director of Energy Area of Advance, Chalmers.<br /><span style="font-weight:700">Download the presentation:</span> <a href="/sv/styrkeomraden/energi/nyheter/Documents/Hydrogenwebinar_M.G__overview_4%20Nov%202020_final.pdf">“Main possibilities and challenges for using hydrogen in the energy and transport sector​”​</a>​,</li> <li><a href="">Thierry Lepercq​</a>, founder of Soladvent. Former Executive Vice-President in charge of Research &amp; Technology and Innovation, ENGIE. Author of the book &quot;Hydrogen is the new oil&quot;.​<br /><span style="font-weight:700">Download the presentation:</span> <a href="/sv/styrkeomraden/energi/nyheter/Documents/Hydrogenwebinar_TL_Prez%20Chalmers%204%20November%202020.pdf"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icpdf.png" alt="" />“The view on hydrogen in Europe”, </a></li> <li><a href="">Björn Wickman​</a>, Associate Professor, Chemical Physics, Department of Physics, Chalmers.<br /><span style="font-weight:700">Download the presentation:</span> <a href="/sv/styrkeomraden/energi/nyheter/Documents/Hydrogenwebinar_BW_Fuel%20Cells_4%20Nov_2020.pdf"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icpdf.png" alt="" />“Improved fuels cells to enable a sustainable energy system”.​</a></li></ul> <div><span style="font-weight:700"><br /></span><br /></div> <div><span style="font-weight:700">Panel: </span><br /><span style="font-weight:700"></span><div><ul><li><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/karin-andersson.aspx">Karin Andersson</a>, Professor in Maritime Environmental Science Expert in sustainable shipping, Chalmers. </li> <li><a href="/en/staff/Pages/tomas-gronstedt.aspx">Tomas Grönstedt</a>, Professor at Fluid Dynamics/Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Chalmers.</li> <li><a href="">Anna-Karin Jannasch</a>, Rise, Director of the Swedish testbed for hydrogen electrolysis and industrial application </li> <li>Monica Johansson, Principal Energy &amp; Fuel Analyst, Volvo group. Expert in alternative fuels, with knowledge in hydrogen infrastructure. </li> <li><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/koopmans.aspx">Lucien Koopmans</a>, Professor, head of the division Combustion and Propulsion Systems, Chalmers.</li> <li>Mattias Wondollek, Program Director, <a href="">Energiforsk</a>.​</li></ul></div></div></div></div>Mon, 09 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0100 do we get to transportation heaven?<p><b>​A future with shared rides, in autonomous and electrified vehicles, would be a dream come true. But how do we get there? With her research about this, Sigma Dolins was awarded third prize in the EARPA Young Researchers Pitch Competition.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Sigma Dolins is a doctoral student associated to Chalmers University of Technology, Keolis and RISE, Research Institutes of Sweden. In her work, she is looking into cultural and societal factors that may facilitate – or hinder – the development towards shared transportation.<br /></span><div><div>“New forms of mobility, like electric and autonomous vehicles, can merge with ride sharing to an evolved form of transportation. One day electric, autonomous, connected, on-demand vehicles can take us to a magical place; transportation heaven!”, she says.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_bilder-utan-fast-format/Sigma-Dolins_300.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="font-family:inherit;background-color:initial">Best of all: social cohesion</span><br /></h2></div> <div>In “transportation heaven”, there are less emissions, fewer accidents and less vehicles on the roads. We can book any type of vehicle from one single app, and spend less time and money on travel. But to Sigma Dolins, the best goal of all is perhaps social cohesion.</div> <div>“If everyone had access to good, safe transportation, if owning a car wasn’t a reflection of personal wealth or identity… if we shared ten-fifteen minute journeys with people who don’t look exactly like us, but still live in our neighborhood… I think that would create interesting and beneficial changes to society”, she says.</div> <div>But it is not an easy shift to make.</div> <div><div>“We cannot talk about autonomous vehicles as a desirable consumer product, instead we need to understand how to redefine for people what public transport is and could be. That means changing how we, as a society, interact with mobility.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Cultural factors affect willingness to share</h2></div> <div><div>Sigma Dolins is now, together with a colleague at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, looking at shared autonomous vehicles as a socio-technical system. They are working on a multinational, longitudinal study that focuses on cultural factors that affect our willingness to share. The aim is to create an index for understanding societal attitudes towards mobility, sharing and autonomous vehicles. The index will be both descriptive and prescriptive; what policies, services or measures are needed to change attitudes?</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Fear of strangers a hinder</h2></div> <div>The main obstacle when trying to get people to share rides is, in the opinion of Sigma Dolins, that people are actually afraid of each other.</div> <div>“Right now, we don’t have a culture of how to behave inside a small space with strangers. The closest approximation is an elevator – usually people are totally silent and the ride lasts less than a minute. Price is the easiest and right now most effective way to get people to try sharing. I think a combination of price and ubiquity will be key to success”, she says, and continues:</div> <div><div>“My early thoughts are that culture definitely influences perceptions of privacy and public space. Asian countries tend to think differently about privacy, and so crowded public areas – pre Covid-19 – were considered very normal. Sharing with strangers was done out of necessity and thus normalized. But these also tended to be families and households that didn’t grow up with a private car. Part of my investigation is to see how many people grew up with a family car and how much that ingrains these behaviours later in life.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Important to communicate</h2></div> <div>The EARPA Young Researchers Competition was a way of getting exposure to industry, but more than anything it was an opportunity to get feedback and sharpen the presentation technique, Sigma Dolins explains.</div> <div>“I think it’s important for more PhD students to get these kinds of opportunities. The “butterflies in stomach” feeling is awful, so I know why a lot of students avoid it. But communicating our science is 49% of the battle of doing the science!”<br /><br />Text: Mia Malmstedt<br />Photo: iStock and Birger Löfgren, RISE</div> <div><br /></div> Wed, 28 Oct 2020 16:00:00 +0100 technology that alerts if you doze at the wheel<p><b>​Researchers at Chalmers and Autoliv are developing an IT platform that, in the vehicle setting, recognises the signs of a driver getting sleepy. In the beginning of next year, the system will be tested by 50 drivers on public roads in Gothenburg.​</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">“Sleepiness is the cause of many traffic accidents, and by using new technology we can help drivers to refrain from driving when they are not completely alert”, says Stefan Candefjord, Assistant Professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology.</span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div>The aim is to measure, analyse and communicate physiological signals in a vehicle. The project is called COPE, Connected Occupant Physiological Evaluation, and is run jointly by researchers from Chalmers and Autoliv.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>When a person becomes drowsy and sleepy, the heart rate and breathing are affected, among other things. By integrating sensors in the car interior, for example in the seat belt and the steering wheel, the variations in heart rate and respiration can be monitored in real time. Smartwatches and bracelets with built-in sensors, worn by the driver, can also be used to register physiological signals.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Promotes road traffic safety and health </strong></div> <div>“Traffic safety is in focus, but also to handle sudden acute illness, to follow-up on chronic health conditions or treatments, and to take the adequate actions in the event of traffic accidents”, says Bengt Arne Sjöqvist, Professor of Practice Emeritus at Chalmers, and since many years active in the area of digital health.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“In the digitally connected safety services that we at Autoliv are developing, the health aspects are becoming increasingly important”, says Pernilla Arnell, responsible for business development within Autoliv. “Making the driver aware of health conditions that may affect driving is a natural next step. Our surveys show that there is a positive attitude – ​<span></span> <span style="background-color:initial">not least among middle-aged women </span><span style="background-color:initial">– </span><span style="background-color:initial">towards various aids that promote safe driving</span><span style="background-color:initial">.”</span></div> <div></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The technological advances are governed in that direction also via legal requirements and scoreboard assessments of safety functions at the EU level, which regulates and rewards the implementation of sleep detection systems in new cars.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Shifting focus from the vehicle to the driver</strong></div> <div>“As technology for autonomous steering and assisted driving becomes more common in cars, the drivers will probably get tired faster, especially at night, when the task to drive is less stimulating”, says Johan Karlsson, Senior Research Engineer at Autoliv Research. “That makes systems for reliable detection of sleepiness even more important.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Today, many cars already have some kind of built-in sleepiness detection that is based on the driver's performance by monitoring how the vehicle moves on the road. However, if the driver's unfocused driving is corrected by the car's driver assistance system, this loses its significance as a measure of sleepiness. In the future, there will be other, more direct ways of measuring drowsiness, where the focus is set on the driver's physiology and not on determining the driver's performance through the the behaviour of the car.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>A hardware has been developed by Autoliv, which connects sensors in the car with online services. This also makes it possible, for example, to use information from fitness watches or other smart watches, to transfer your driver profile to vehicles in carpools, and to take advantage of individual adaptation of sleepiness detection.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The results are interpreted by an algorithm trained by artificial intelligence, which we at Chalmers have developed in collaboration with Autoliv and VTI”, says Stefan Candefjord. “The system recognises the signs of a person going into drowsiness, thus having an impaired ability as a driver. Data which is collected during the drive can be shared to the cloud, and of course also be used by systems in the car that ensure that the driver, if possible, focuses his or her attention again or gets a recommendation to take a break from driving.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“We are currently evaluating whether unobtrusive sensors can provide as valuable information as medical-grade ECG sensors”, says Ke Lu, Postdoctoral researcher, working in the project group at Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Digital%20hälsa%20möter%20fordonsindustrin/COPE_hardware_750px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="Driver on a country road" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /><br /></div> <div><em>Test drivers will receive a small black box to put on top of the instrument panel, which collects data on the driver's respiration and heart rate. The car in the picture is equipped with a steering wheel with built-in ECG sensors.</em><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Testing on its way</strong></div> <div>In the beginning of next year, the research will be brought out on public roads to test the system on a larger scale and to collect data during realistic conditions.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“We plan to use a test fleet of about 50 vehicles”, says Johan Karlsson. “In the first phase, the drivers will be asked at regular intervals to estimate their level of sleepiness on a touch screen. In parallel, the physiological signals are registered by heart rate monitors, and for some drivers also by prototype sensors in the steering wheel and seat belt.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Data collected is used to further calibrate the algorithms. They should be able to detect if the driver is drowsy, and to some extent also predict how the level of sleepiness will progress in the next few minutes.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The IT platform that is being developed within the COPE project is considered to be a central part for other applications and research projects, for example to add important information to smart alarm handling systems for increased traffic safety within the <a href="" target="_blank">TEAPaN project</a>.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Yvonne Jonsson</div> <div>Photo: Autoliv</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Digital%20hälsa%20möter%20fordonsindustrin/COPE-2772_Johan_Karlsson_750px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="Johan Karlsson in a vehicle simulator" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /><br /></div> <div><em>Johan Karlsson, researcher at Autoliv, in the simulator where new sensors that are able to register the driver's respiration and heart rate will be tested, for example integrated in the seat belt.</em><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>More about the COPE project</strong></div> <div>Connected Occupant Physiological Evaluation, COPE, is a two-year research project that aims to develop and test smart monitoring of health data in real time with a focus on sleep detection in drivers. <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/transport/pages/default.aspx">Chalmers Transport Area of Advance​</a> and <a href="" target="_blank">Autoliv</a> are funding the research, that is conducted in connection with <a href="" target="_blank">SAFER</a>, the Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre at Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Are you looking for a master’s degree project and want to contribute to this research?</strong></div> <div>Do your thesis on smart seat belts in collaboration with Chalmers and Autoliv: Monitoring driver's respiration and drowsiness using smart seatbelt</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/Digital-health-joins-forces-with-the-automotive-industry.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about Chalmers’ work on digital health</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>For more information about Chalmers’ research on digital health, contact:</strong></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/stefan-candefjord.aspx">Stefan Candefjord</a>, Assistant Professor in the Biomedical electromagnetics research group, Department of Electrical Engineering, <a href="">​</a></div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/bengt-arne-sjoqvist.aspx">Bengt Arne Sjöqvist</a>, Professor of Practice Emeritus in the Biomedical signals and systems research group, Department of Electrical Engineering, and Head of Business &amp; Strategy at Prehospital ICT Arena (PICTA) at Lindholmen Science Park, <a href=""></a></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/annasjor.aspx">Anna Sjörs Dahlman​</a>, Adjunct Associate Professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering and researcher at the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI),</div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Ke-Lu.aspx">Ke Lu</a>, Postdoctoral researcher in the Biomedical signals and systems research group, Department of Electrical Engineering, <a href=""></a></div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/bakidou.aspx">Anna Bakidou​</a>, PhD student in the Biomedical signals and systems research group, Department of Electrical Engineering, and the University of Borås, <a href=""></a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>For more information about Autoliv’s research, contact:</strong></div> <div>Johan Karlsson, Senior Research Engineer, Human Factors, Autoliv Research, <a href=""></a></div> <div>Pernilla Arnell, Director Business Development Sales, <a href=""></a></div> <div>Per Gustafsson, Group Manager Innovation and Testing, <a href=""></a></div> <div><br /></div> </div>Wed, 28 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0100 health joins forces with the automotive industry<p><b>​Higher road traffic safety, better insight into the health status of the person behind the wheel, and increased knowledge of how connected aids and smart services can be applied in vehicles. These are some of the benefits of the emerging collaboration between researchers in the digital health area and the automotive industry.​</b></p>​​<span style="background-color:initial">“There are many important interfaces between digital health and the automotive industry that have not yet been explored. From our perspective in western Sweden, we think that the time is right for a joint venture”, says Bengt Arne Sjöqvist, Professor of Practice Emeritus at the Department of Electrical Engineering at Chalmers, who has played an active role in the area of digital health for many years. “The mutual potential of this development has also been obvious within SAFER, the Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre at Chalmers, where both areas meet.”</span><div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Digital%20hälsa%20möter%20fordonsindustrin/Bengt_Arne_Sjöqvist_191122_DSC_8857_200x300px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Bengt Arne Sjöqvist" style="margin:5px" />In this case, the common interest revolves around the measurement, analysis and communication of physiological signals in a vehicle. Traffic safety is in focus, but also to handle sudden acute illness, to follow-up on chronic health conditions or treatments, and to take the adequate actions in the event of traffic accidents.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In a future scenario, if a driver for example suffers from acute heart fibrillation, sensors and intelligent technology built into the car will be able to register and decode the physiological signals and ensure that the vehicle automatically stops on the side of the road, while healthcare services are being alarmed.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In its roadmap for 2025, the European road traffic safety organisation Euro NCAP has identified driver monitoring systems as a priority area, making new technology of that kind extra attractive to the automotive industry.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Building a digital health profile</strong></div> <div>In order to meet these research challenges, and also the over-all digitalisation trend in health care, the Department of Electrical Engineering at Chalmers University of Technology is gradually developing its profile in digital health. New projects and new skills are being allocated to the area. An example is Anna Sjörs Dahlman, researcher at the Swedish Road and Transport Research Institute, VTI, recently appointed an Adjunct Associate Professor at Chalmers, whose knowledge in measuring vital data in difficult environments now will be of good use.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Today, our work is mainly devoted to solutions where IT, communication technology and medical engineering are supporting and improving clinical health care processes. By gaining access to relevant information from various sources, we aim to increase the accuracy of every decisions made in a healthcare process. This includes the development of clinical decision support systems based on artificial intelligence and machine learning, as well as video and telemedicine of various kinds. At present, the main application areas are prehospital care and mobile healthcare”, says Bengt Arne Sjöqvist.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Collaboration on sleep detection in vehicles</strong></div> <div>With this in mind, work is now in progress in collaboration with Autoliv, to develop solutions using digital health technology in a vehicle setting. In the COPE project, Connected Occupant Physiological Evaluation, an IT platform is being designed, that focuses on the driver and uses the car as the location for measurements (find more information about the project below).</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Digital%20hälsa%20möter%20fordonsindustrin/20200122_StefanCandefjord_portrait_WebbRes_(C)_Emmy_Jonsson_300x200px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Stefan Candefjord" style="margin:5px" />“To detect sleepiness is the first application we are working on”, says Stefan Candefjord, Assistant Professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering. “Sleepiness is the cause of many traffic accidents, and by using new technology we can help drivers to refrain from driving when they are not completely alert. We will soon be able to test the technology together with Autoliv.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>When a person becomes drowsy and sleepy, the heart rate and breathing are affected, among other things. By integrating sensors in the car interior, for example in the seat belt and the steering wheel, the variations in heart rate and respiration can be monitored in real time. Smartwatches and bracelets with built-in sensors, worn by the driver, can also be used to register physiological signals.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The results are interpreted by an algorithm trained by artificial intelligence, which we at Chalmers have developed in collaboration with Autoliv and VTI”, says Stefan Candefjord. “The system recognises the signs of a person going into drowsiness, thus having an impaired ability as a driver. Data which is collected during the drive can be shared to the cloud, and of course also be used by systems in the car that ensure that the driver, if possible, focuses his or her attention again or gets a recommendation to take a break from driving.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Smart alarm management the next step</strong></div> <div>Another research project, where digital health and the automotive industry have joined forces, is the TEAPaN project, Traffic Event Assessment, Prioritizing and Notification (find information about the project below). The IT platform, that now is being developed and tested in the COPE project, will later form a central part of this system.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“This is really exciting projects allowing us to constantly expand our knowledge in new applications”, says Stefan Candefjord. “A success factor is the collaboration that is enabling us to interconnect our areas of expertise.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text: Yvonne Jonsson</em></div> <em> </em><div><em>Photo: </em><span style="background-color:initial"><em> </em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>Johan Karlsson, Autoliv (photo on top), Yvonne Jonsson (portrait photo of Bengt Arne Sjöqvist), Emmy Jonsson (portrait photo of Stefan Candefjord)</em></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><strong>What is digital health?</strong></div> <div>Digital health includes the digitalisation of services and working processes in healthcare, as well as the emergence of intelligent sensors, decision support systems, analytic and diagnostic tools, apps, etc. IT technology, including AI and machine learning, is a fundamental part. Thus, the area combines medical engineering, telecommunications and IT, and often requires a close interaction of academia, healthcare providers and industry.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>More about the COPE project</strong></div> <div>Connected Occupant Physiological Evaluation, COPE, is a two-year research project that aims to develop and test smart monitoring of health data in real time with a focus on sleep detection in drivers. <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/Transport/Pages/default.aspx">Chalmers Transport Area of Advance</a> and <a href="" target="_blank">Autoliv </a>are funding the research, that is affiliated with <a href="" target="_blank">SAFER</a>, the Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre at Chalmers.</div> <div>Chalmers and Autoliv are researching algorithms and data analysis, while Autoliv has developed the hardware that connects sensors and other technology, as well as the test fleet of cars where the system will be tested.<br /><a href="/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/A-technology-that-alerts-if-you-doze-at-the-wheel.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read a news article on the COPE project: A technology that alerts if you doze at the wheel​​</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">More about the TEAPaN project</a> </div> <div>Traffic Event Assessment, Prioritizing and Notification, TEAPaN, develops smart alarm management systems for increased traffic safety. The project focuses on early detection of accidents as well as smart and abundant information management for more efficient prioritisation of resources within the public protection and disaster relief, aiming at better care for the injured. TEAPaN is led by <a href="" target="_blank">PICTA</a> and is carried out in collaboration with the Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre at Chalmers, <a href="" target="_blank">SAFER​</a>. The following parties are involved: Volvo Car Group, Consat, Detecht, SOS International, the University of Borås/Prehospen, Chalmers, VTI and the Emergency Healthcare and Ambulance Centre within VGR.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>For more information, contact Chalmers researchers in the field of digital health:</strong></div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/stefan-candefjord.aspx">Stefan Candefjord</a>, Assistant Professor in the Biomedical electromagnetics research group, Department of Electrical Engineering, <a href="">​</a></div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/bengt-arne-sjoqvist.aspx">Bengt Arne Sjöqvis</a>t, Professor of Practice Emeritus in the Biomedical signals and systems research group, Department of Electrical Engineering, and Head of Business &amp; Strategy at Prehospital ICT Arena (PICTA) at Lindholmen Science Park, <a href=""></a></div> <div>Anna Sjörs Dahlman, Adjunct Associate Professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering and researcher at the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), <a href=""></a></div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Ke-Lu.aspx">Ke Lu</a>, Postdoctoral researcher in the Biomedical signals and systems research group, Department of Electrical Engineering, <a href="">​</a></div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/bakidou.aspx">Anna Bakidou​</a>, PhD student in the Biomedical signals and systems research group, Department of Electrical Engineering, and the University of Borås, <a href=""></a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>For more information about Autoliv’s research, contact:</strong></div> <div>Johan Karlsson, Senior research engineer, Human Factors, Autoliv Research, <a href=""></a></div></div> <div><br /></div> ​Tue, 27 Oct 2020 13:00:00 +0100 masters for the major shifts in future transport<p><b>The development of autonomous and electric vehicles is rapidly changing the transport industry. Chalmers University of Technology is now launching a master&#39;s programme that will prepare engineers to face the industry&#39;s major transformation and the challenges that lie ahead.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The new master's programme Mobility Engineering, which starts in the autumn of 2021 at Chalmers, will train engineers to develop sustainable, high-performance mobility solutions and handle challenges within electrification, automation, simulation and the reliability of vehicles.</span><div>“There are many similar challenges and synergies in the mobility sector and there is a great demand for engineers who have skills in subjects like functional safety, propulsion systems, mechatronics and optimisation”, says Erik Hulthén, Head of Mechanical Engineering at Chalmers and the person who started the new master’s programme. </div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial"><br />Replace</span><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">s two previous programmes</span><br /></div> <div>Mobility Engineering will be taught entirely in English and consist of four different profiles where the students can choose which field they want to specialise in: aerospace, automotive engineering, marine technology and railway technology. Mobility Engineering is therefore replacing the previous Chalmers master’s programmes Automotive Engineering and Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering.</div> <div>“We need to look ahead to be able to give our students the relevant knowledge and skills needed in three, ten, and 20 years’ time. The new programme is designed according to what we know about the future, but it will also have a more dynamic course structure so that we can stay relevant in our education for many years to come”, says Erik Hulthén.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Chalmers works closely with the industry to develop education and representatives from those companies are </span><span style="background-color:initial">often involved in the process of starting a new programme. In this particular case, Volvo Cars, GKN Aerospace and the Swedish Transport Administration have shared their views about the need for this new type of competence in the industry. </span></div> <div>“The automotive industry is taking a significantly different direction compared to what is previously known to us. Digitalisation, electrification, connectivity and new business models for selling products are rapidly approaching. Only the fast responding actors will succeed”, says Kristian Abel, Vice President and Head of Complete Vehicle Engineering at Volvo cars. </div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">New solutions to achieve climate goals</h3></div> <div><div><span style="background-color:initial">The major challenge for the shipping industry is the expected transport growth that demands reduced carbon dioxide emissions. </span><span style="background-color:initial">Autonomous shipping is also on the way, but total electrification of ships is far from becoming reality, so expertise in hybrid solutio</span><span style="background-color:initial">ns will be crucial in overcoming the emissions. </span><span style="background-color:initial">This is an issue the aerospace industry is facing as well. Emissions must be reduced, and electric and autonomous flights for shorter distances also seem to be part of the future.</span><br /></div></div> <div>“In the short term, the development is about improving today's technology, but in the long term we are talking about a systemic change, for completely new solutions to achieve climate goals”, says Rebecka Karrin who works as a technical doctor at GKN Aerospace. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The trend in railway technology is leaning towards connected trains that communicate with each other, alternative fuels instead of diesel engines, autonomous trains over limited distances and autonomous coupling of freight wagons.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“There is a generational shift happening in the industry right now and a great demand for skills in the railway sector. Signalling systems and communication between vehicles are the future of being able to run trains closer to each other and thus make more use of the railway. We believe that both trains and other vehicles will be connected in the future to make transport more efficient”, says Ingemar Frej, senior adviser at the Swedish Transport Administration.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Vedrana Sivac</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Mobility-Engineering.aspx" target="_blank" title="Mobility engineering"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about the master’s programme Mobility engineering  ​</a></div> Fri, 16 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 5G, Covid-19, cocksureness and todays challenges<p><b>​He develops technology that can point out exact positions without using GPS and prevent self-driving cars from colliding. This year&#39;s William Chalmers lecturer Erik Ström wants to talk about the possibilities of communication technology – and major challenges.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Erik Ström is professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering. Simply put, he works with technology to move information from one place to another. He is also the director of the competence center ChaseOn, which develops antenna systems for anything from high-speed mobile networks and self-driving cars to safe baby food and medical diagnostics. He has also been involved in developing a global standard for 5G, which has resulted in frequent questions by media about the development of mobile networks. In those situations, he is keen on highlighting the possibilities with communication technology.</span><div><span style="background-color:initial">“What if we had not had the internet and all the resources of today – what would we have done in this Covid pandemic?” he says. “It is fantastic how we can gather, process and use data to, for example, predict where the infection will appear, perhaps be able to find vaccines and effective treatment methods. There is an incredible potential in this technology!”</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Time for yet another new generation </strong></div> <div>The 5G mobile network is faster than previous generations and has an increased capacity, which means that more devices can be connected at the same time and communicate with each other in real time. It is soon in everyone’s pocket. And recently, the first step was taken towards starting the next generation – 6G. Chalmers, together with a number of other academies and industries, is participating in a major EU project that will set the framework before the work on the new 6G net can even begin. In eight to ten years, the network will then be available to the public. But it is still too early to predict which new technological innovations 6G will involve, says Erik Ström. </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“As they say, the only thing we know for certain is that 6G comes after 5G. Of course, we have some thoughts about which new services we think will be important, but it is difficult to know beforehand what will become a commercial hit. As an example, we believe that developing an accurate positioning in six dimensions will be useful. It will enable you to determine, for example, where and on which floor in a large high-rise building a mobile phone is located, and also in which direction that phone is pointing, i.e. compass direction plus upwards/downwards, much like with a combined compass and spirit-level.”</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Worried about the societal development</strong></div> <div>As the mobile network is expanding, so are the reports of 5G masts being set on fire. Because online, the conspiracy theories thrive about a connection between 5G and the corona spread. Erik Ström is worried about this type of development and he therefore wants to spend some time in his lecture to reflect his thoughts on the concept of knowledge.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“I am concerned about the development towards a society where people get their worldview confirmed in their filter b</span><span style="background-color:initial">ubbles”, says Erik Ström. “It's really dangerous!”</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>How do you feel about giving this year's William Chalmers lecture?</strong></div> <div>“It is very honoring to be selected among all the talented people at Chalmers! I enjoy sharing my thoughts, and to talk about things close to my heart in this forum is really exciting. But it also gives me a great deal of performance anxiety – that comes naturally with something like this!”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Helena Österling af Wåhlberg</div> <div>Photo: Yen Strandqvist​​</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> Tue, 13 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 to the EU’s work to electrify the transport sector<p><b>The climate change has long been a driving force for the electrification of the transport sector, but the benefit to the environment has sometimes been questioned.​ “The new EU report shows that the electric car is less harmful to the environment than fossil-powered vehicles, but there are challenges when it comes to raw materials for battery production”, says Anders Nordelöf, leader of the SEC theme Electromobility in society and researcher at the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">T</span><span style="background-color:initial">he European Commission has taken a holistic approach and ordered a life cycle analysis to get answers on the environmental impact of different vehicle types. The aim is to summarize the research situation for the environmental assessment of vehicles in order to provide the Commission with a better basis for decision-making in its work to ​drive the electrification of the transport sector in order to reduce climate and environmental impact. </span><span style="background-color:initial">T</span><span style="background-color:initial">he compilation includes light and heavy vehicles powered by electric, hybrid and internal combustion engines, and is one of the largest compilations of research literature ever made within the field. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><strong>“Now that the research field</strong> is thoroughly reviewed and important messages from the research field have been assessed, it is appreciated to see that the work I did several years ago during my doctoral studies, is quoted several times”, says Anders Nordelöf.</div> <div>Above all, he refers to an article published in 2014 which was a literature review of the research field until 2013. Anders Nordelöf then studied fully electric vehicles, but also rechargeable hybrids. But just a few heavy vehicles because there were not so many studies at that time.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“My work was one of the major reviews of the research area. These are the same main lines you come back to here in the new report. I compiled and analyzed the research literature that existed based on method choices and system boundaries and outlined the types of LCA studies that answer certain types of questions”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>“In the EU's large report, </strong>they have also made their own calculations and methodological choices for different type vehicles. It is a broad compilation with over 300 different literature sources and a variety of actors such as Scania, Volvo Cars, IVL and Northvolt have contributed views”, says Anders Nordelöf.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The EU study then used additional parts of Anders Nordelöf’s research – computer models that he developed for driveline components and manufacturing processes within the framework of his PhD thesis. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>“You hope that what you</strong> do will contribute to knowledge building. So, it feels great when the work is used in such an important compilation which is then is passed on to decision-makers in the EU”.</div> <div>Anders Nordelöf describes his work as footwork for improved data quality in life cycle analysis on electric vehicles, which others can build on to make better analyzes.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>“This is how you should look </strong>at these inventory data models that I have developed. They are tools for LCA analysts, who then pass on their knowledge to decision makers. My work in this case is a subset of the bottom of the pyramid. I have contributions with some important stones for the foundation. Then, of course, I benefit from these models in my own research too”, he concludes.<br /><br />Text: Ann-Christine Nordin<br />Photo: Ulrika Ernström</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>More:</strong></div> <div>The EU: report <a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icpdf.png" alt="" />Determining the environmental impacts of conventional and alternatively fueled vehicles through LCA.</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The EU report cites and uses research described in five articles from Anders Nordelöf's dissertation. The doctoral project, which ended in 2017, was implemented with funding from the Energy area, and the data model development also received support from the <a href="">Swedish Electromobility Center.</a><br /><br /></div> <div><a href="/sv/personal/redigera/Sidor/anders-nordelof.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about Anders Nordelöf.</a></div>Fri, 02 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 for a sustainable future<p><b>​Transport Area of Advance is actively working to link research to UN’s sustainability goals. In November, the Area of Advance will host an event during the Act Sustainable week, and recently a well-attended lunch seminar was held.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Working for global sustainability is more and more pressing. Transport Area of Advance is therefore investing in educating researchers in relating research activities to the Agenda 2030 and implementing the UN’s sustainable development goals (SDG:s).<br /><br /></span><div>As part of that work, Transport Area of Advance represented Chalmers in the Vinnova K3 project AGERA. The idea of the project was to use SDG:s as framework to develop new ways for academia to evaluate and follow up the effects of collaboration with society, and thereby strengthen sustainable development.</div> <div>“Maria Djupström, Chalmers’ sustainability strategist, guided our management team through a number of workshops with the aim to educate us on how to work with the SDG:s. Implementation of the SDG:s on our research activities is not a straightforward task. We had to develop our way of looking at research, and the activities at Transport Area of Advance, with the SDG-glasses”, says Sinisa Krajnovic, Director of the Area of Advance.<br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_bilder-utan-fast-format/Sinisa_200.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /></div> <div><div>“A common trap when working with SDG:s is to prioritise only one or two of the goals, but that can potentially be harmful for some other SDG. One needs to consider all of them at once. This was a useful exercise for us as it showed how we can use SDG:s to identify the sustainability goals with our research, but also how SDG:s can show us the way for new research questions.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Hosting an event at Act Sustainable</h2></div> <div>On November 16, Transport AoA will host an event during the sustainability week Act Sustainable. Challenges and solutions for a sustainable transport system will then be discussed. Chalmers Associate Professor Frances Sprei will introduce the event and moderate the discussion. There will also be insights from two ongoing research projects; one on infrastructure and reducing emissions from road construction, and one on a new way of producing environmentally friendly batteries, essential for the electrification of transport. <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/Transport/calendar/Pages/Act-Sustainable.aspx">Read more about the event here.​</a><br /><br /></div> <div>Thinking about the sustainable development, and not least working actively with the global sustainability goals, is becoming increasingly important.</div> <div>“We see that more and more research agencies, for example Vinnova and EU, require that researchers reflect over SDG:s when formulating their research proposals. Thus, Transport AoA has early introduced requirements that our researchers must address SDG:s when applying for funding from us”, says Sinisa Krajnovic.</div> <div><div>“With that, and the education through lunch seminars and workshops for our researchers, we hope to prepare our researches for future funding calls and enable them to use their research for a sustainable development.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Well-attended lunch seminar about IT tool</h2></div> <div>On September 7, Transport AoA arranged a lunch seminar with Maria Djupström. At the seminar, the new SDG Impact Assessment tool was presented. The tool is an IT tool, available for all to be used to map how, for example, operations, research or education relate to the global sustainability goals. SDG Impact Assessment tool has been developed by the Gothenburg Centre for Sustainable Development, in collaboration between Chalmers and the University of Gothenburg. With the help of this, you can – by your own – estimate how the sustainability goals are affected by business or activities. The tool can also be used, for example, to produce supplementary information in connection with research applications. <a href="">Read more about SDG Impact Assessment tool here</a>.</div> <div>For questions about the tool, contact <a href="/en/staff/Pages/maria-djupstrom.aspx">Maria Djupström</a> or Innovation Adviser <a href="/en/search/Pages/people.aspx?q=pip+dragonetti">Pip Dragonetti</a>.<br /><br />Text: Mia Malmstedt<br />Photo: Pixabay, Mia Malmstedt</div> <div>​<br /></div> Sun, 27 Sep 2020 21:00:00 +0200 discharge water – A toxic cocktail<p><b>​​The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea recommends avoidance of discharge of wash water from scrubbers. This recommendation is based on a background report produced by a group led by Ida-Maja Hassellöv, professor at Chalmers.</b></p>​On September 24, the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) publish a so-called Viewpoint. A report that aims to provide impartial evidence-based analyses of marine science topics of potentially high importance to managers and society. This year's Viewpoint is about effects on the marine environment as a result of wide-scale scrubber use. The r​ecommendation is clear: do not discharge scrubber water. <div><br /></div> <div>A scrubber is used to clean ship exhaust gases, especially regarding sulfur oxides. By washing the exhaust gases in a fine spray of seawater, the emission of acidifying sulfur oxides to the atmosphere is reduced. However, the scrubber discharge water is very acidic and may contain other pollutants such as heavy metals and organic substances. </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span>A fossil fuel 'lock-in' </span></h2> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The Chalmers researcher Ida-Maja Hassellöv, a professor in maritime environmental science, has led the work, coordinating a group of 17 researchers from different countries to produce a background report on the effects of scrubber discharge water on the marine environment. She describes the discharge water from scrubbers as a toxic cocktail of various substances. The emissions from scrubber use are also extensive regarding metals and organic pollutants, compared with the content of other types of wastewater generated on board ships. Of the more than 8,000 vessels that operated in the Baltic Sea in 2018, less than 2% were equipped with scrubbers. Despite this, the scrubber water from these ships is estimated to have released ten to a hundred times more metals and organic pollutants to the marine environment, compared to what was released in total from all other wastewater generated on board on all 8,000 ships. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“It is really negative for the marine environment; beyond pollutants, the scrubber discharge water is often heavily acidic and sometimes contains high levels of nutrients. The use of scrubbers also means a continued opportunity for ships to burn heavy fuel oil, which means a lock-in in the use of fossil fuels. In addition, there are indications that ships’ use of heavy fuel oil can also be used to get rid of toxic waste” says Ida-Maja Hassellöv. </span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span>The consequences are difficult to survey </span></h2> <div><span style="background-color:initial">There are major commercial interests in scrubbers, both from manufacturers and the oil industry. Ida-Maja Hassellöv hopes that ICES' scientific analysis and recommendation on discharges of scrubbing water from a marine environment perspective will be an important signal to, for example, the UN International Maritime Organization, IMO and governments around the world that this is something that needs to be better regulated. The consequences of the discharge of scrubber water are today difficult to assess. They include both acidifying effects, ecotoxicological effects and sometimes eutrophication. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“The effects of chemical mixtures are something that we know very little about. Last year, Christina Rudén, a professor in regulatory toxicology at Stockholm University, suggested in a government’s official investigation that all limits for toxic chemicals should be lowered to one-tenth of today's levels because we don’t know enough about what the safe levels should be when it comes to chemical mixtures” says Ida-Maja Hassellöv. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">In several ports around the world, discharges of scrubber water have been banned and in Sweden, two ports have chosen to ban discharges, but there is no national regulation in place. However, the issue is under investigation and together with her Chalmers colleagues Erik Ytreberg and Anna Lunde Hermansson, Ida-Maja Hassellöv has submitted a background report to the Swedish Transport Agency and the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management, which will propose a national strategy for the Government Offices this autumn.</span><span style="background-color:initial">​</span><br /></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Read more</span></h3></div> <div><a href=""><span>Viewpoint - </span><span style="background-color:initial">ICES highlights risks associated with ships' scrubber discharge water</span>​</a><span style="background-color:initial"></span></div> <div><span><a href="/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/The-fumes-of-concern-are-sent-below-the-surface-.aspx">The fumes of concern are sent below the surface​</a><br /><a href="/en/staff/Pages/idamaja.aspx">Ida-Maja Hassellöv</a></span></div> <div></div>Thu, 24 Sep 2020 08:00:00 +0200 of Advance Award for wireless centre collaboration<p><b>​Collaboration is the key to success. Jan Grahn and Erik Ström, who have merged two Chalmers competence centres, GigaHertz and ChaseOn, to form a consortium with 26 parties, know this for sure. Now they receive the Areas of Advance Award 2020 for their efforts.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">A competence centre is a platform for knowledge exchange and joint projects. Here, academia and external parties gather to create new knowledge and innovation. The projects are driven by need, and can be initiated from industry – who have a problem to solve – or from the research community, as new research results have generated solutions that may be applied in industry.</span><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Stronger as one unit</h2> <div>The competence centre GigaHertz focuses on electronics for high frequencies, while ChaseOn focuses on antenna systems and signal processing. They overlap in microwave technology research, which is relevant for communication and health care, as well as defense and space industry. And even if some areas differ between the two centres, numerous points of contact have been developed over the years. The two directors – Jan Grahn, Professor at Microtechnology and Nanoscience, and Erik Ström, Professor at Electrical Engineering – saw that close collaboration would result in obvious advantages. In 2017, the two centres therefore formed a joint consortium, bringing together a large number of national and international companies.</div> <div>“Formally, we are still two centres, but we have a joint agreement that makes it easy to work together”, says Erik Ström.</div> <div>“For Chalmers, it is a great strength that we are now able to see the whole picture, beyond departmental boundaries and research groups, and create a broad collaboration with the companies. This is an excellent example of how Chalmers can gather strength as one unit”, says Jan Grahn.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Multiplicity of applications</h2> <div>Technology for heat treatment of cancer, detection of foreign objects in baby food, antenna systems for increased traffic safety, components to improve Google’s quantum computer, 5G technology and amplifiers for the world’s largest radio telescope… The list of things that have sprung from the two competence centres is long. The technical development has, of course, been extreme; in 2007, as GigaHertz and ChaseOn were launched in their current forms, the Iphone hit the market for the very first time. Technology that today is seen as a natural part of everyday life – such as mobile broadband, now almost a necessity alongside electricity and water for most of us – was difficult to access or, at least, not to be taken for granted.</div> <div>The companies have also changed, which is noticeable in the flora of partners, not least for GigaHertz.</div> <div>“In the early 2000s, when our predecessor CHACH centre existed, the collaboration with Ericsson was dominant. Today, we collaborate with a much greater diversity of companies. We have seen an entrepreneurial revolution with many small companies, and even though the technology is basically the same, we are now dealing with a multiplicity of applications”, says Jan Grahn.</div> <div>As technology and applications developed and changed, the points of contact between the two centres grew, and this is also what initiated the merger:</div> <div>“When we started, in 2007, we were competing centres. The centres developed completely independently of each other, but have now grown into one. The technical convergence could not be ignored, we simply needed to start talking to each other across competence boundaries – which in the beginning was not so easy, even though today we view this as the obvious way forward”, says Erik Ström.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Research to benefit society</h2> <div>The knowledge centres are open organisations, where new partners join and collaborations may also come to an end. Several companies are sometimes involved together in one project. Trust and confidence are important components and take time to build. One ground-rule for activities is the focus on making research useful in society in the not too distant future.</div> <div>Chalmers Information and Communication Technology Area of Advance can take some of the credit for the successful collaboration between GigaHertz and ChaseOn, according to the awardees.</div> <div>“Contacts between centres were initiated when I was Director of the Area of Advance”, says Jan Grahn.</div> <div>“The Areas of Advance show that we can collaborate across departmental boundaries, they point to opportunities that exist when you work together.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">They believe in a bright future</h2> <div>The competence centres are partly financed by Vinnova, who has been nothing but positive about the merger of the two. Coordination means more research for the money; partly through synergy effects and partly by saving on costs in management and administration.</div> <div>The financed period for both GigaHertz and ChaseOn expires next year. But the two professors are positive, and above all point to the strong support from industry.</div> <div>“Then, of course, we need a governmental financier, or else we must revise the way we work. I hope that Vinnova gives us the opportunity to continue”, says Erik Ström.</div> <div>“The industry definitely wants a continuation. But they cannot, and should not, pay for everything. If they were to do so, we would get a completely different type of collaboration. The strength lies in sharing risks in the research activities by everyone contributing funds and, first and foremost, competence”, says Jan Grahn.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">“Incredibly fun”</h2> <div>Through their way of working, Erik Ström and Jan Grahn have succeeded in renewing and developing collaborations both within and outside Chalmers, attracting new companies and strengthening the position of Gothenburg as an international node for microwave technology. And it is in recognition of their dynamic and holistic leadership, that they now receive the Areas of Advance Award.</div> <div>“This is incredibly fun, and a credit for the entire centre operation, not just for us”, says Erik Ström.</div> <div>“Being a centre director is not always a bed of roses. Getting this award is a fantastic recognition, and we feel great hope for the future”, concludes Jan Grahn.<br /><br /><div><em>Text: Mia Malmstedt</em></div> <div><em>Photo: Yen Strandqvist</em></div> <br /></div> <div><strong>The Areas of Advance Award</strong></div> <div>With the Areas of Advance Award, Chalmers looks to reward employees who have made outstanding contributions in cross-border collaborations, and who, in the spirit of the Areas of Advance, integrate research, education and utilisation. The collaborations aim to strengthen Chalmers’ ability to meet the major global challenges for a sustainable development.<br /><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/centres/ghz/Pages/default.aspx">Read more about GigaHertz centre</a></div> <div><a href="/en/centres/chaseon/Pages/default.aspx">Read more about ChaseOn centre​</a></div> <div>​<br />Areas of Advance Award 2019: <a href="/en/news/Pages/Areas-of-Advance-Award-given-to-research-exploring-the-structure-of-proteins.aspx">Areas of Advance Award for exploring the structure of proteins​</a></div> Thu, 10 Sep 2020 08:00:00 +0200 design experiments develop next generation aircraft engine<p><b>​Open Rotor is a new type of aircraft engine delivering up to 20 percent reduced fuel burn than today&#39;s turbofan engines. Chalmers, together with the University of Cambridge and Fraunhofer FCC, is leading a project that studies aspects of manufacturing during the design phase.</b></p><p></p> <div>The next generation of aircraft engines is being developed in the large European Joint Undertaking <a href="">Clean Sky 2</a>. Open Rotor is one of the concepts that has shown promising results when it comes to reducing both CO<sub>2</sub> emissions and noise. Open rotor is a new engine type with two, counterrotating, propellers that radically improve propulsive efficiency. This type of technology radically changes how the engines are designed and integrated with the aircraft. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Produktutveckling/Open%20Rotor%203%20-®%20Eric%20Drouin%20Safran_400px.jpg" alt="Open Rotor 3 -® Eric Drouin Safran" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" style="margin:5px 15px;width:170px;height:259px" />Within Clean Sky 2, Chalmers, together with Cambridge University and Fraunhofer FCC, is now leading a project called Development of Interdisciplinary Assessment for Manufacturing and Design (DIAS).<br /><br />DIAS is a targeted support project, where the goal is to develop support for integrating manufacturability aspects already in the design phase, where advanced decision support models are developed. For example, it is critical that robots get to weld the components properly. In the DIAS project, Chalmers latest research results are used in modeling alternative concepts enabling digital experimentation of alternative product architecture, with Fraunhofer's expertise in simulating robotic paths, and Cambridge's expertise in interactive decision-making and modeling-based risk analysis.<br /><br /></div> <div><br /><em>–    We have a unique opportunity to combine the latest achievements from Chalmers, Fraunhofer FCC and Cambridge, into a new and powerful way to support GKN Aerospace in their integration of next generation technologies already in the concept phase, says Ola Isaksson, researcher at Chalmers and leader of the consortium.</em><br /><br />GKN Aerospace Sweden AB in Trollhättan is responsible for critical engine components of Open Rotor engines. Ultimately, the goal is to enable the methods developed in the DIAS project to enable GKN Aerospace to offer the technologies demonstrated in Clean Sky in future business.<br /> <br /><em>–    We are very happy that this Chalmers led consortium won this Call for Partners. The competition was indeed very tough and this shows that Chalmers is a leading University in this important area in Europe, says Robert Lundberg (Director EU Programmes) at GKN Aerospace Sweden.</em><br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">More information about DIAS and Clean Sky</h2> <div><a href="" title="Link to the DIAS project"><br /></a></div> <div><span>This project has received funding from the Clean Sky 2 Joint Undertaking (JU) under grant agreement No 887174. The JU receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and the Clean Sky 2 JU members other than the Union. The information on this web page reflects only the author's view and that the JU is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Produktutveckling/EU_logo.png" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px 20px;width:258px;height:179px" /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Produktutveckling/JU_logo.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px 25px;width:330px;height:186px" /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><br /></h2> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Contact</h2> <div><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/iola.aspx">Ola Isaksson</a>, professor Department of Industrial and Materials Science at Chalmers University of Technology<br /></div> <div></div> <div><span style="float:none;font-family:&quot;open sans&quot;, sans-serif;font-size:14px;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;letter-spacing:normal;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;text-indent:0px;text-transform:none;white-space:normal;word-spacing:0px;display:inline !important">+46 31 7728202</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Robert Lundberg<em>, </em><span>Director EU Programmes GKN Aerospace</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:calibri, sans-serif"></span>+46 700 872371 </div> <div><a href=""></a></div></div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p></p> <br /><p></p>Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Cars and Chalmers renewed agreement<p><b>​Chalmers and Volvo Cars have a longstanding and well working collaboration in education, research and development. In June, the collaboration agreement was renewed for another three years.</b></p><div>​<span style="background-color:initial">The new agreement – signed by Chalmers' President Stefan Bengtsson and Mats Moberg, Senior Vice President Research &amp;Development at Volvo Cars – implies that Volvo Cars continues to be one of Chalmers so-called strategic partners. The strategic partnerships are characterized by extensive research collaborations, joint educational initiatives, and a diversity in collaboration across Chalmers research disciplines as well as focus on highlighted topics (<a href="/en/collaboration/strategic-partnerships/Pages/default.aspx">read more about the strategic partnerships here</a>).</span></div> <div><span><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">&quot;Chalmers takes an exceptional position&quot;</h2></span></div> <div>The academy is central for Volvo Cars, and will remain so in the future, says Mats Moberg:</div> <div> </div> <div> “For our provision of competence through excellent educational programmes, for the present through lifelong learning, and for our future development as a company with knowledge through collaborations in research and innovation. As a university, Chalmers takes an exceptional position as our main collaboration partner in all these areas”, he says, and continues:</div> <div> </div> <div>“We collaborate in student thesis projects, courses and educational programmes. Volvo and Chalmers work together in international projects, from the United States in the west to China in the east, and 60 percent of our industrial PhD students in Volvo Cars Industrial PhD Program – VIPP, which we established in 1999 – are now enrolled at Chalmers.”<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>The great collaboration is not only due to the fact that Chalmers is close to Volvo Cars head office as the company is global, Mats Moberg points out.</div> <div> </div> <div>“It is simply because Chalmers offers both excellency and relevance in collaboration forms that have worked splendidly and enduring over the years.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Major and rapid changes in the transport system</h2> <div> </div> <div>The first partnership agreement was signed with Volvo Cars back in 2013. The company is today one of Chalmers’ largest strategic partners, says Sinisa Krajnovic, Director of Chalmers Transport Area of Advance. The renewal of the agreement means an opportunity to further develop the partnership.</div> <div> </div> <div>“We are in a time period with major and rapid changes in the transport system, including new technologies and mobility behaviors. The collaboration with Volvo Cars gives us an expanded opportunity to develop our research and education, and our utilization within the transport system, making us even more able to contribute to the development of sustainable, road-safe and efficient transport.”</div> <div> </div> <div><br />For Chalmers, the strategic partnerships are a tool for updating research and education, ensuring the research to be conducted at the forefront, as well as offering education to the very best future engineers. Through the partnerships, strategies are synchronized and the parties also have the opportunity to build joint infrastructures and test beds that would not have been possible without continuous dialogue.</div> <div> </div> <div><div>“In my opinion, the Areas of Advance have an important role to play in coordinating, as hosts of the partnerships”, says Sinisa Krajnovic.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Electrification and automation important areas</h2></div> <div> </div> <div>Chalmers and Volvo Cars already have a multitude of joint investments in research infrastructures, competence centers and research projects.</div> <div> </div> <div>“We also look forward to working together in the new, big investment in electromobility research, SEEL – Swedish Electric Transport Laboratory – where Volvo Cars plays an important part. Electrification is an important area of collaboration for both Chalmers and Volvo Cars, as well as automation”, says Sinisa Krajnovic.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>And Mats Moberg agrees:</div> <div> </div> <div>“The renewal of our agreement is a confirmation of our mutual ambition to further sharpen our collaboration. This to continue towards added excellency, and to continue our work towards our goal of a sustainable, safe and personal mobility, but also to be leading in electrification, autonomous drive and digitalization.”<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>The renewed agreement is for three years, and automatically extended for another two years thereafter.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>Text: Mia Malmstedt</div> <div> </div> <div>Photo: Erik Axén, Volvo Cars</div> <div> </div> <div>​<br /></div> <div> </div>Fri, 26 Jun 2020 16:00:00 +0200 system that understands human behavior will save cyclists<p><b>​In the project MICA, sponsored by FFI, researchers from Chalmers have investigated the interaction among cyclists and vehicles. They have developed a smart safety system that could reduce the number of fatal accidents in traffic with cyclists involved by up to 96 percent.</b></p><p>​The smart safety system continuously predicts what a driver should do to overtake a cyclist safely. The system acts when it sees a mismatch between what the driver does and what she or he should be doing. By collecting data from a test track, researchers have investigated how different factors affect behaviour in overtaking manoeuvres with oncoming traffic. Based on the data, the researchers have modelled how vehicles approach cyclists and integrated the models in frontal collision warnings and automatic emergency braking systems. The safety benefits from the systems have been evaluated through virtual simulation. </p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">“The smart collision warning alone promises a reduction of cyclists fatalities by 53-96 percent and a reduction of cyclists serious injuries by 43-93 percent” says Marco Dozza, professor at the Division of Vehicle Safety. </span></p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span>Supports the Swedish car industry</span></h2> <p>The research results support the Swedish car industry in maintaining its world-leading role in designing advanced solutions for active safety. The models developed in the project can predict the driver's intention when approaching a cyclist from behind to perform an overtaking. These models can be integrated with existing systems and provide input on how an automated vehicle should safely and comfortably overtake a cyclist. </p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">&quot;Our research supports the development of safety systems that can help a driver or an automated vehicle interact with cyclists safely. We have taken the driver models from a TRL level of 1-2 to a TRL level of 5 for this scenario&quot; says Marco Dozza. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">TRL, Technology Readiness Level is a designation for a technology's maturity and associated technological risk. In research-intensive activities, technology maturity levels are used to confirm what activities are needed to implement the research results in new products/processes. TRL 5 means that the system is validated in a relevant environment. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">The research results may also affect test scenarios for Euro NCAP that provide consumer information on the safety of new cars. The goal of the Euro NCAP is a safer traffic environment, as well as fewer injuries in connection with accidents. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">The MICA2 project has already been granted and will expand MICA, developing new active and passive safety systems that can support a driver during all phases of an overtaking manoeuvre. </span></p> <p><a href="">On June 17, the research results will be presented at a seminar via Zoom​</a><span style="background-color:initial">. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600"><br /></span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600">Videos from data collection in the project</span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="">Flying overtaking with oncoming traffic (inside view)​ </a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="">Accelerative overtaking with oncoming traffic (outside view)​​</a><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="">Flying overtaking with oncoming traffic (outside view)​</a><br /></p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Project webite</span></h3> <div><span><span></span><a href="/en/projects/Pages/MICA---Modelling-Interaction-between-Cyclists-and-Automobiles.aspx">MICA - Modelling Interaction between Cyclists and Automobiles</a><br /></span></div>Fri, 12 Jun 2020 09:30:00 +0200 student project awarded first prize<p><b>​Design a garage with charging stations for electric boats, where boats are also protected against bad weather. This was the assignment from Volvo Penta, and students from Chalmers and Penn State University worked together to solve the problem. The result was award-winning!</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Boats powered by electricity have become increasingly popular over the last years, but most marinas lack sufficient infrastructure to meet the need for charging. With this problem at hand, Volvo Penta announced a bachelor thesis last fall to get suggestions for solutions. The proposed project was a so-called Capstone project, and as such part of Chalmers strategic partnership with the Volvo Group, and to be carried out by students at Chalmers along with students from Penn State University in Pennsylvania, USA.<br /><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_puffbilder/AgnesAime_350.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /></span><div><div>As a result, four students from Chalmers and four from Penn State have worked together in this project throughout the spring. And even though the Corona pandemic got in the way of the travel plans, it has been a successful collaboration – in fact, so successful that the students’ Solar Wharf Garage was awarded with first price in the Lockheed Martin Best Project Award. This is the second time a Capstone project wins first price since the start of the collaboration six years ago.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">&quot;Project of good quality&quot;<br /></h2></div> <div>Agnes Tunstad and Aime Vesmes were part of the winning team. Initially, they were both attracted by the opportunity to gain international contacts, but that’s not all:</div> <div>“It seemed to be a fun project, and the collaboration with a global industry did not make it any less interesting”, says Aime Vesmes, and Agnes Tunstad nods and adds:</div> <div>“I like boats, and I like renewable energy! In addition, the project seemed to be of good quality.”<br /><br /></div> <div>Aime Vesmes is ending her third year at Mechanical engineering – together with the other two from Chalmers, Gustaf Malmsjö and Johan Kinell – while Agnes Tunstad is studying Automation and mechatronics. The project therefore entailed not only cooperation across national borders, but also across Chalmers’ programmes.</div> <div>“Much of the content is the same in our courses, but there is also a lot of differences. I’m happy for everything that this project taught me about the product development process, as this was completely new to me. Had it not been for my project colleagues from Mechanical engineering, this would have been much more difficult”, says Agnes Tunstad.<img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_puffbilder/Hamn_350.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /></div> <div>The project has required a lot of learning, and a lot of time for feasibility studies for all of them:</div> <div><div>“Yes, the real challenge has been to learn everything we needed to know. For example, I didn’t know how solar cells worked, or what to think about in a marine environment. We have really learned along the way”, says Aime Vesmes.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Two-boat garage with 18 solar panels</h2></div> <div>The final product is a two-boat garage where the boats are charged by nine solar panels each. According to the calculations, the payback period is 13 years, and the estimated structural lifetime more than twice as long. The material choices for the garage are guaranteed to hold the least possible risk of rust or other damage, and the panels can also be folded down to protect them from hard weather.<br /><br /></div> <div>Their collaboration has been performed via Zoom, a digital tool for video communication. The eight students were careful not to divide the project into smaller pieces but to try – as far as possible – to cooperate in all parts. This is reflected in the report, they say; otherwise the report could have ended up “choppy”, as a reflection of the fact that different parts were carried out by different persons. The group believe that this is one of the reasons why they won the award. And as Agnes Tunstad says:</div> <div>“What’s the point of a global project if you do not work together?”<br /><br /></div> <div>The response from Volvo Penta has been nothing but positive. In the beginning, the students were in close contact with their contact person, but he also emphasized that he did not want them to be too influenced.</div> <div><div>“If our ideas can bring value to Volvo, I’m happy. That’s what it is all about; for us to be able to give ideas for solutions”, says Aime Vesmes.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Changed plans for the exhibition an advantage</h2></div> <div>The plan was for the Chalmers’ students to travel to Penn State in April. The trip had to be cancelled, for obvious reasons. But the restrictions imposed by the Corona pandemic have not only been negative. For the project participants at Chalmers, winning the award became even more fun as they were able to participate in a video presentation at the virtual exhibition from which the winner was selected.</div> <div>“Had it just been an exhibition with posters, as it usually is, it probably wouldn’t have felt as satisfying. In that case, we simply would not have been as involved. But now, thanks to the video, we were all included on equal terms”, concludes Agnes Tunstad.<br /><br /></div> <div>Note: <a href="">Watch the students’ video presentation here!​</a><br /><br /></div> <div>Text: Mia Malmstedt</div> <div>Photo: Charles Strömblad (photo of Agnes Tunstad and Aime Vesmes) and Gustaf Malmsjö (Solar Wharf Garage and Öckerö marina) </div> <div>​<br /></div> Thu, 28 May 2020 12:00:00 +0200