Biology and Biological Engineering
Project: Fungi for the production of protein of the future
Alternative protein sources such as fungi (mycoprotein) can lead to 95 percent less carbon dioxide emissions than beef. The vision is that the protein of the future is produced by fungi, which convert bio-based residual streams from industry. The fungi are grown in closed bioreactors with little impact on the external environment.
Researchers: Yvonne Nygård and Eric Öste
Project: Stabilizing seafood side-streams allowing full use for food production
The demand for fish is steadily increasing in response to dietary recommendations, population growth and wishes to consume more climate-friendly protein sources. We therefore need to convert more of each landed fish into food, as today mainly the fillet is used, i.e., only 40-50 per cent of the weight.
Researchers: Ingrid Undeland, Haizhou Wu, Mehdi Abdollahi and Bita Forghani
Projects on sustainable food on IVA’s 100 list
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Project: Recycling and remanufacturing of indium based semiconductor materials.
You are probably reading this text looking through a transparent conductive material called indium tin oxide (ITO). It is the backbone of all electronic screens (LCD, LED, and touch screens), and some solar cell technologies. During the manufacturing of these devices, 30 - 70% of the material becomes production waste. Almost 75% of indium is used for ITO manufacturing and it is accepted as a critical raw material due to its importance in the electronic industry. It is a minor element of the earth’s crust and is unevenly distributed. It's recycling from industrial waste is challenging and requires several stages. In our technology, indium recovery is simplified instead of complicated processing stages and integrated into the ITO powder production to reproduce ITO material.
Researcher: Burcak Ebin
Project: High-Quality Graphene and Highly Thermal Conductive Graphene Films Produced in Eco-friendly ways
The heat generated from ubiquitous miniaturized electronic devices needs to be dissipated by materials that are highly thermally conductive, lightweight, flexible, mechanically robust and, most importantly, manufactured in a sustainable way. Our idea includes two interconnected steps: 1) Eco-friendly production of high-quality graphene in a large-scale; and 2) Production of highly thermal-conductive graphene films with low environmental impact and low cost. The graphene films are expected to replace the current metal films and other thermally conductive films produced in the high cost of environment, and therefore contribute to the transition to a green industry.
Researcher: Ergang Wang
Project: Adsorbi - cellulose-based foams for air pollutants capture
After finishing her doctoral studies at the department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Kinga Grenda founded the start-up company Adsorbi together with Romain Bordes, researcher at the department. She was recently named one of ten entrepreneurs to keep an eye on by Swedish Incubators and Science Parks.
Researcher: Kinga Grenda
More about the research and start-up company Adsorbi (external link)
Chemistry research on IVA 100 list | Chalmers
Computer Science and Engineering
AI has achieved remarkable successes but at a price – neural network models are very large and need a lot of resources to train and deploy, thus leaving a very large energy footprint. Our research is about how to reduce the size of the neural networks, without sacrificing much in accuracy, and making the best use of diverse hardware so that AI can be deployed in an efficient and less energy consuming way to solve a specific problem.
The research is about creating digital twins and synthetic data. A digital twin is a replica of the real world in silico, which can be used to test and verify systems very efficiently and cheaply instead of tests in the real world which are costly, slow and error prone. Digital twins can be used to generate synthetic data to train AI systems efficiently without the need to collect real world data and annotating them manually which is costly, slow, noisy and error prone.
The world is collecting a massive amount of individuals data with the intention of building a human-centered future based on data insights. The huge challenge is how to achieve these insights that will shape the future, respecting privacy of individuals and complying with GDPR. We solve this by developing a technology for creating privacy-preserving analytics based on the mathematical framework of Differential Privacy – a new gold standard for data privacy. With our patented IP research, we provide a Privacy-as-a-service solution will enable data flows, creating the inter-organization value required to achieve a digital human-centred future.
Project: ZeroPoint Technologies
The dramatic increase of computers' processing power places high demands on efficient memory storage. A few players today have control over processor development by owning and controlling processor architectures. Chalmers with the spin-off company ZeroPoint Technologies develops technologies for computers' internal memory that are faster and less energy-intensive and are developed to fit into an open processor architecture. This provides basic conditions for smart industry.
Industrial and Materials Science
Project: Design for energy resilience in the everyday
Our increasing dependence on electrical and connected products is unsustainable from a resource point of view. It also makes us vulnerable in a future energy system where more renewable sources and climate change increase the probability of power shortages and power outages. To be able to handle disruptions in electricity deliveries, and at the same time live a good and meaningful everyday life, knowledge, new design guidelines for product development and energy-independent alternatives are required.
Project: Nanofluidic Scattering Microscopy
We have developed the next generation of nanotechnology to study and analyse individual biomolecules and at the same time generate important information about them. We do this with an optical instrument combined with nanofluidic chips and software with machine learning/AI. By offering researchers this new tool, they can answer their questions in a completely new way, thereby accelerating their research in order to make ground-breaking discoveries.
Researcher: Christoph Langhammer
Project:2D semiconductor with perfect edges
We at Smena have developed a new game-changing material, which is useful for numerous applications. The starting point of our material is an abundant mineral called molybdenite, whose price is only 5 dollar per kilogram. Using a scalable, patented, and environmentally friendly process, we managed to produce a large number of edges in flakes of natural molybdenite.
Researcher: Timur Shegai
Two research projects from Physics on IVA 100 List 2022
We work with clinical partners to identify problems with today's products, and to test and verify our own inventions. We use mathematical theories to solve real problems and we realize our solutions in genuine smart textile products.
Researchers: Torbjörn Lundh, in collaboration with Josefin Damm and Andreas Nilsson.
IVA's 100 List presents selected research projects believde to have the potientalto be developed into ninnovations, to promote buisness development or to provide other benefits. The list reflects a diverse range of research projects and researcher experise from Sweden's universities in a given field.
The complete list can be found on www.iva.se
The Presidents perspective on Chalmers' contribution to technology in the service of humanity