The new measurements from 2018 show the same ring of light around the black hole's "shadow", which is the same size as the year before, but with the difference that the brightest part of the ring has shifted by about 30 degrees.
The 2018 observations made involved for the first time the new Greenland Telescope, and greatly improved data handling. They provide a completely new view of the black hole and its surroundings, independent of the 2017 observations.
A new science paper published in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics presents the images from the 2018 measurements, showing a ring the same size as the one observed in 2017. Inside the bright ring is the black hole's shadow, as predicted by general relativity. But the image shows an intriguing difference: the brightest part of the ring has shifted by about 30 degrees compared to the images from 2017. According to the researchers, this fits well with their theories about how the turbulent material surrounding the black hole behaves. Now, scientists can use the movement of the ring’s brightest part around the black hole's shadow to test theories about the magnetic field and the environment around the black hole.
Press release from the Event Horizon Telescope:
Robert Cumming, astronomer and communicator, Onsala Space Observatory, firstname.lastname@example.org, +46 704933114
Three Chalmers astronomers are part of the international EHT collaboration.
Anne-Kathrin Baczko, postdoc, Onsala Space Observatory, email@example.com, +46 31-772 13 47
Michael Lindqvist, Senior Research Engineer, Onsala Space Observatory. firstname.lastname@example.org
John Conway, Professor and Director, Onsala Space Observatory, email@example.com