News: Klimat related to Chalmers University of TechnologySun, 29 Jan 2023 09:15:03 +0100 policies key to industrial transformation<p><b>​The industrial transformation towards green technologies is imperative and urgent – yet hard and time-consuming. Barbara Hedeler at Chalmers examines how national innovation policies can make a difference and uses three Nordic examples to pave the way for policymakers to accelerate the transformation.</b></p><div>​The Paris Climate Agreement is extremely clear: extensive carbon emission cuts are crucial in the coming years. This requires fundamental changes in all parts of society, including the established industry. </div> <div> </div> <div>Policymakers have an important role to play in accelerating the transformation of the industry towards emerging technologies such as biofuels, hydrogen, and electrification, and governments must provide direction and incentives for change. But even so, there is still much uncertainty about the role of policies for industrial transformation and the creation of new value chains. </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">This is what Barbara Hedeler has tackled in her doctoral research, which she now presents in her licentiate thesis. An important goal is to provide a basis for the development of innovative solutions to policy design.</p> <div>“Better knowledge about the possibilities and limitations of innovation policy to influence the transformation of the industry has high practical relevance. I hope this research can contribute to a greater understanding of the opportunities and challenges for national policymakers to accelerate industrial transformation in global contexts”, she says.</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Examines policy mixes in Sweden and Finland</h3> <div><p class="chalmersElement-P"><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/PublishingImages/Porträttbilder/BarbaraHedeler.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>Barbara Hedeler highlights that governments worldwide increasingly try to combine domestic industrialization goals with large-scale systemic changes in the industry to decarbonize existing production processes. This is neither easy nor a quick fix.<br /><br />“From past technological developments, we know that changing existing socio-technical systems is difficult and usually takes many decades”, she says.<br /><br />In her thesis, Barbara studies three different examples of past industrial transformations in Finland and Sweden, thereby providing knowledge about how policy mixes can affect change processes in industry.<br /><br />“We found that how policies are designed and changed over time has large effects on how different actors are motivated to participate in such transitions. As part of this, we found five types of value chains that describe how national actors are typically integrated into global value chains – from importers of renewable energies to domestic technology developers and producers. We also explain the role of national policy in the development of these different types,” she says.</p></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">A supportive environment for Ph.D. students</h3> <div> </div> <div>In her future research, Barbara will continue to examine the link between innovation policy design and industrial transformation. She enjoys being a Ph.D. Student at Chalmers and the division ESA (Environmental Systems Analysis) and appreciates that it allows her to experience different parts of academia, including research and teaching.<br /><br />“The Ph.D. research school puts great weight on our development into researchers with regular workshops on different aspects related to social sciences, such as theory building or text-based discussions. Overall, it gives a chance to become part of the academic environment here at Chalmers, but also internationally, and to meet many inspiring people along the way” she says.<br /><br />At the same time, she notes that being a Ph.D. student has its ups and downs.<br /><br />“You must acquire a lot of knowledge and skills within a fairly short time frame. But it really helps to be part of the research group at ESA and in the department and exchange ideas and learn together with other Ph.D. students. My supervisors are also great and always lend a helping hand when needed”, she says. <br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><em>Text: Ulrika Ernström</em><br /><em>Photo: </em><em>portrait</em><span><em> Carolina Pires Bertuol, genre photo <a href="" target="_blank">Marek Piwnicki</a> on <a href=";utm_medium=referral&amp;utm_content=creditCopyText" target="_blank">Unsplash</a><a href=";utm_medium=referral&amp;utm_content=creditCopyText"><span style="display:inline-block"></span></a></em></span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <ul><li>Barbara Hedeler is a Ph.D. student at the Division of Environmental Systems Analysis, at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers. More information about <a href="/en/staff/Pages/hedeler.aspx">Barbara Hedeler</a><br /></li> <li>The thesis <a href="">Policy Mixes for Industrial Transformation: Lessons from Finland and Sweden</a><br /></li> <li>The <a href="/en/departments/tme/calendar/Pages/Licentiate-seminar---Barbara-Hedeler,-TME.aspx">licentiate seminar</a> will be held on October 27, 2022</li></ul> <div> </div>Wed, 19 Oct 2022 13:00:00 +0200 and green at this year's William Chalmers lecture<p><b>​Under the surface – that's where the opportunities are. Finding unexplored opportunities for green innovations, entrepreneurship and new jobs in coastal communities is something that Robin Teigland is passionate about. As a professor of Management of Digitalization, she will talk about the &quot;blue circular economy&quot; during this year's William Chalmers lecture on 3 November.</b></p><div>​The word <em>net</em> can be used in many contexts. A fishing net, a network of people or a digital net. All three of these are something that Professor Robin Teigland combines in her work, both in theory and in practice. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>It is the blue circular economy that has been the focus of her work in recent years. It is a circular, green economy model, with a specific focus on ocean resources and coastal communities in order to promote sustainable economic growth, improved livelihoods, and skill development – while preserving the health of the ocean ecosystem.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Digitalization cross-fertilised with circular economy</h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Robin Teigland talks about the initiative where she is one of the founders, in the coastal community of Peniche in Portugal. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;There are needs of various kinds, and then there are resources. But the resources can be what we call 'trapped resources'. In Portugal, old fishing nets are indeed a trapped resource. After being used, they are thrown away or burned, although they are still really valuable. So how to unleash these confined values? What we do is merge technology where you grind down the used fishing nets, which are turned into pellets that can be used to 3D print new products, on site, for a need that the local community has.&quot;<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Robin Teigland continues with another example:</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Fishermen may only be able to fish for a certain number of months of the year, because they have a certain quota system. But what if they could use the other time to fish for ghost nets, i.e. abandoned fishing gear on the bottom? Or map ocean data with their boats? It's about thinking differently about the resources that exists.&quot;<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>By starting from the challenges that exist, it is possible to identify what needs and possible resources can be used. Then you use both digital and human networks to realize it, in the form of innovations and entrepreneurship.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">How to become an opportunity maker</h2> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div><p class="chalmersElement-P">During her lecture on 3 November 2022, Robin Teigland wants to underline the importance of the matter for our future. She will talk about her own work and also share tools for how to become a &quot;solution finder&quot; and &quot;opportunity maker&quot;.<br /><br />And if anyone thought otherwise – being a Professor of Digitalization does not mean that she believes that new technology solves all problems. </p></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Digitalization often goes too fast and too far. A car, which almost always will travel a short distance, does it really have to have all the features that are present in modern cars? Or, why does my fridge need to be connected, when it makes me more vulnerable? To solve our challenges, new technologies must be used in the right way, and for the right things.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Welcome to the lecture</h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The William Chalmers Lecture is to be given in English on 3 November at 18.00 in the Runan conference hall, Students’ Union Building (Kårhuset), Chalmers. <br /><a href="/en/about-chalmers/calendar/Pages/William-Chalmers-Lecture-2022---Robin-Teigland.aspx">Read more about the lecture</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Read more about Robin Teigland:</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/We-are-making-our-way-towards-a-new-world.aspx">&quot;We are making our way towards a new world&quot;</a> (interview 2019) <br /><br /><em>Text: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /><em>Photo: Ulrika Ernström</em><br /> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div>Tue, 11 Oct 2022 16:00:00 +0200 Summer School in Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Innovation<p><b>​The Summer School in Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Innovation is a combined digital and in-person-week intensive training organised by Chalmers University of Technology, as part of the ENHANCE alliance, supported and funded by the EU. Students are being introduced to key themes connected to Sustainability, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, with perspectives from multiple stakeholders.</b></p>​&quot;Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Innovation is a topic which attracts students throughout Europe to this course. Entrepreneurship and innovation is not necessarily sustainable by default – there is a large need for better tools and insightful reflections, to help shape more sustainable futures&quot;, says Karen Williams Middleton, Associate professor at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, and course examiner of the new summer school at Chalmers.<br /><br />The initiative is created within the ENHANCE alliance of technical universities and is a part of the Tracks courses at Chalmers. Before and after the intensive week in late August, the students carry out academic research in teams, with the aim of creating value in a sustainable manner for people around Europe, and the planet as a whole. <br /><br />&quot;The group of PhD and master students from our seven ENHANCE partner universities came with huge interest, engagement and challenging questions to Gothenburg for the in-person week. We designed the course to include several novel approaches: interviews with sustainable entrepreneurs; synthesis of individual interviews in a group format; lectures by researchers, institutional players, and entrepreneurs; student-led sessions including workshop facilitations by students; and field trips to exemplary initiatives in the Gothenburg region. This all aimed to familiarize the technical students with four main aspects relevant to sustainable entrepreneurship and innovation: systemic, value creation, collaboration/teamwork, and funding&quot;, says course leader, Yashar Mansoori, a post-doc working with ENHANCE at Chalmers.<br /><br />One of the students was Arpita Chari, PhD Student at the Department of Industrial and Materials Science at Chalmers:<br /><br />&quot;I applied to the course because I was interested in innovation and entrepreneurship when it comes to business strategies with respect to sustainability, especially the aftereffects of the covid pandemic. I also wanted to apply the skills garnered from the summer school to industrial level issues after I graduate from my PhD program.&quot;<br /><br />&quot;Considering that this was the first time the course is being run, I think it was very well designed and structured. The themes were relevant, and all the lectures and workshops were thoughtfully connected to the themes. I liked that there was one main academic lecture, one policy/legal lecture, one talk by a sustainability entrepreneur and then the student-led workshops each day. This mix of content enabled a rich learning experience&quot;, says Arpita Chari.  <br /><br />Professor Mats Lundqvist, Chalmers’ Vice President of Utilisation, is pleased that the university can offer this course, and adds:<br /><br /><div>&quot;Student from all over Europe express interest into how we at Chalmers and in Sweden take on sustainability challenges. The Northvolt and Volvo initiative around battery innovation, where Chalmers is highly engaged, is an inspiration for European leadership in Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Innovation&quot;, he says.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/summerschool_field_750x340.jpg" alt="Summer School in Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Innovation" style="margin:5px 0px" /><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /></div> <div><em><br />Text: Daniel Karlsson</em></div> <div><em>Photo: </em><span></span><span><em>Karen Williams Middleton</em><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><span style="display:inline-block"></span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></div> <br />Read more about the <a href="" target="_blank">ENHANCE alliance</a><br />Ream more about <a href="">Chalmers’ Tracks courses</a><br /><br />Thu, 01 Sep 2022 11:00:00 +0200 and Ikea spur innovation in sustainability with a competition<p><b>​Gamification to raise awareness of global sustainability, reuse of old furniture through the Ikea website and 3D-scanning to discover damage to returned furniture. These are a few of the ideas coming out of the Innovation Challenge, where Chalmers students developed innovations that could transform both Ikea’s products and their business operations.</b></p>​In a rapidly changing world, business and academic partnerships are becoming increasingly important. This is also true for a company like Ikea, which is looking to help secure a good foundation of competence among young talents to help tackle future challenges in retail, supply chain logistics and product development, to name just a few. <br /><br />This year, Chalmers University of Technology and <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> Supply collaborated in a new competition among students: Innovation Challenge. Here, students from the Industrial Engineering and Management program integrated theory and practice to conceptualize digital innovations to help <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> fulfill its vision of a more sustainable and circular future. Approximately 120 students were divided into twenty groups. The students presented their ideas for each other and a jury with Innovation Leaders at <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> Supply Development and Innovation Networks, who then selected three winners. <br /><br />Innovation Challenge also represents an opportunity for Chalmers students to get a first experience of real working life:<br /><br />“We designed the Innovation Challenge to enable our students to take the classroom into the real world and work on challenges that companies are facing today. In this manner, Chalmers can also create value for society that goes beyond the walls of the classroom. The students did an amazing job taking on <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>’s sustainability challenge, and I am so impressed with what they delivered,” says Robin Teigland, Professor in Management of Digitalization at the Department of Technology Management and Economics.<br /><br /><div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">New ideas to be tested</h3></div> <div>For <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>, the benefit is a contribution to their circular business model as well as specific feasible solution proposals to be further tested, developed and deployed.<br /></div> <br /><div>“We hope that coming together will bring new digital approaches, outside-in perspectives and smart solutions to real-life situations at home for our customers,” says Tomas Francl, who has worked with people and culture at <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> for over 20 years. <br /><br /></div> <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block">, who is a <a href="/en/news/Pages/Ikea-becomes-new-strategic-partner-for-Chalmers.aspx">strategic partner to Chalmers</a>,</span></span> also aims to further develop their cooperation with Chalmers:<br /><br />“Initiatives like the Innovation Challenge shall be maintained and developed further. Many <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> employees come from universities, and they have great experience with a high level of competence like the students from Chalmers possess. It’s a part of <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>’s strategy to innovate and develop together so this is a contributing step on that journey,” Tomas Francl continues. <br /><br /><div><br /></div> <div><em>The winning teams and their proposals, from the jury's motivations:</em></div> <br /><strong>”Smålandia Game”. Education for a sustainable tomorrow - for the many</strong><br />Team members, group 3: Hugo Dalhgren, Sofia Stjepanovic, Alva Jansson, Felicia Svensson, Oskar Kullner, Fanny Söderling.<br /><em>Group 3 skillfully combined digital education, Ikea’s customer needs and sustainability challenges in their concept of “Smålandia”. The long-term goal of the project is to educate the next generation of Ikea customers through gamification and mobile applications. The knowledge acquired in a gaming format is believed to raise awareness of sustainability globally to the next generation and give the right tools to make conscious purchases. This idea highlighted the importance of educating future generations by means of digital technologies and was recognized as imaginative and outside-of-the-box.</em> [Creativity Award] (Ikea Prize for uniqueness, simplicity and feasibility)<br /><br /><strong>”Ikea FYND” Using old furniture to make new homes special!</strong><br />Team members, group 5: Anna Garnbratt, Jens Sandgren, Ida Hansson Häggstrand, Casper Lindh. <br />“<em>Recycle your old Ikea furniture with profit and ease” - Group 5 found a way to reuse old Ikea furniture to make new homes special. Their concept FYND could enable customers to sell their old Ikea furniture to other customers within the official Ikea website. FYND would also facilitate first-hand-users to easily find a market to sell their products and allow Ikea to gather first-hand knowledge of sold products that could be evaluated and refurbished when brought back. With a clear design vision and a strong customer focus, group 5 was awarded the</em> [Customer Innovation Award] (Ikea Prize for customer centricity and building on existing Ikea strengths).<br /><br /><strong>“Scand3r for Ikea” Automated scanning and tracking of Ikea furniture.</strong><br />Team members, group 6: Tamas Nagy, Jonas Röst, Emil Nilsson, William Schmitz, Renato Roos Radevski, Ella Sibbmark. <br /><div><em>With SCAND3R, group 6 explored the technological opportunities of 3D-Scanning and RFID tags in Ikea’s business model. They found their use case in automatically scanning returned Ikea furniture to identify potential alterations or damages and developed a value proposition for both Ikea and their customers. In acknowledgement of a thorough technical analysis, including financial and security risks, group 6 was awarded the</em> [Technical Innovation Award] (Ikea Prize for technology and innovation)</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> The Innovation challenge was a collaboration between Ikea and the Entrepreneurship &amp; Strategy Division of Chalmers University of Technology and part of the course “Leading in a Digital World”, organised by Professor Robin Teigland with her PhD students Adrian Bumann and Maria Kandaurova.<br /><br /><br /><strong>For more information, please contact:</strong><br />Tomas Francl, Competence Development Area Leader IKEA Range &amp; Supply<br />People &amp; Culture at Inter IKEA<br /><a href=""></a><br />+46766190913<br /><br />Robin Teigland, Professor in Management of Digitalization at the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology<br /><a href=""></a><br />+46707814422<br /><br />Tue, 28 Jun 2022 08:00:00 +0200 technology turns the whole fish into food<p><b>​In the meat industry, it’s common practice to turn the whole animal into food products. In the fish industry, over half of the weight of the fish ends up as side-streams which never reach our plates. This takes a toll on the environment and is out of step with Swedish food and fisheries strategies. Now, food researchers at Chalmers are introducing a new sorting technology that means we get five good cuts from fish and not just the fillet. A herring processing plant on Sweden’s west coast is already implementing the new method. ​</b></p><p class="chalmersElement-P">​<span>When the fillet itself is removed from a fish, valuable side-streams remain, which can be turned into products such as nuggets, mince, protein isolates or omega-3-rich oils. Despite such great potential, these products leave the food chain to become animal feed or, worst case, get discarded. To exploit valuable nutrients and switch to more sustainable procedures, the way we process fish needs to change. </span></p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">All cuts are treated with care</h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">&quot;With our new sorting method, the whole fish is treated with the same care as the fillet. The focus is on preserving quality throughout the entire value chain. Instead of putting the various side-streams into a single bin to become by-products, they are handled separately, just like in the meat industry,&quot; says research leader Ingrid Undeland, Professor of Food Science at the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering at Chalmers. </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">The research was conducted as part of an international project called Waseabi. The Chalmers researchers recently published their results in the scientific journal, Food Chemistry.  </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">&quot;Our study shows that this type of sorting technology is important, particularly as it means we can avoid highly perishable side-stream cuts being mixed in with the more stable cuts. This new method brings fresh opportunities to produce high-quality food,” says Chalmers researcher Haizhou Wu, first author of the scientific article.  </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">“The interest is there”</h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">The new sorting method for separating the five different cuts is being introduced at one of the partner companies in the research project. Fish processing company, Sweden Pelagic in Ellös on the island of Orust is already using parts of the method in its production and has had good results. </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">&quot;The sorting technology gives us many more opportunities to develop healthy, new and tasty foods and to expand our product range. This year, we estimate we’ll produce around 200-300 tonnes of mince from one of the new cuts and we aim to increase that figure year on year. The interest is there, in the food industry and public meal production segments like school catering,&quot; says Martin Kuhlin, CEO of Sweden Pelagic. </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="font-weight:700">Text:</span> Laila Dam (Waseabi) and Mia Halleröd Palmgren (Chalmers)​<br /><br /></p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/Bio/Food/IngridUndeland_HaizhouWu_MartinKuhlin.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><span style="background-color:initial">I</span><span style="background-color:initial">ngrid Undeland, Haizhou Wu and Martin Kuhlin. ​<br /></span><em style="background-color:initial">Photo: </em><span style="background-color:initial"><i>Anna-Lena Lundqvist, </i></span><span style="background-color:initial"><i>Mia Halleröd Palmgren​ and Karin Kuhlin. </i></span></p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">About the study and opportunities for the fish industry: </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"></p> <div> </div> <ul><li>Read the scientific article <a href="">Lipid oxidation in sorted herring (<em>Clupea harengus</em>) filleting co-products from two seasons and its relationship to composition</a> in the journal, Food Chemistry.  The article was written by Haizhou Wu, Bita Forghani, Mehdi Abdollahi and Ingrid Undeland at the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering at Chalmers. </li> <li>The new sorting technology means that fillet, backbones, tailfin, head, belly flap and viscera can all be separated. The backbone and head are most muscle-rich and thus well suited to becoming fish mince or protein ingredients. As the belly flap and intestines are rich in marine Omega-3, they can be used for oil production. The tail fin has a lot of skin, bones and connective tissue and is therefore well suited to such things as producing marine collagen, a much sought-after ingredient on the market right now. In addition to food, marine collagen is also used in cosmetics and ‘nutraceuticals’, with documented good effects on the health of our joints and skin.</li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The EU’s fish processing industry is significant and generates an annual turnover of nearly €28 billion whilst employing over 122,000 people. However, the industry faces several challenges. For instance, an estimated 1.5 million tons of seafood side-streams are produced in Europe, based on a production of 5.1 million tons of fish caught. In Sweden, it has been estimated that 30,000-60,000 tons of seafood side-streams are generated yearly; some 35-70 times more than the Swedish cod catch. This means that the current utilisation of aquatic biomass for food is far too low. When producing fillets, up to 70 per cent of the aquatic resources end up as side-streams, which are either used for low-value products such as animal feed or discarded, which takes a toll on the environment and sometimes also the companies involved.</span></li></ul> ​<br /> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">For more information, please contact:</h3> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>I</strong><span><strong>ngrid Undeland</strong>, Professor of Food Science, Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, +46 73 708 08 64, <a href=""></a></span></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong></p> <strong> </strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Martin Kuhlin</strong>, CEO of Sweden Pelagic, +46 70 966 65 68, <a href=""></a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>More about the </span><a href=""><span>EU’s </span><span>Waseabi </span><span>project </span></a></h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"></p> <ul><li>Waseabi is a four-year, interdisciplinary project aimed at making better use of side-stream products in the seafood industry by stabilising them and developing new methods of producing food. The project comprises thirteen partners from five European countries. Alongside Chalmers, two companies from Sweden are participating; Sweden Pelagic and Alfa Laval. International partners are the Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Food &amp; Bio Cluster, Denmark, AZTI, EIT Food, Royal Greenland, Pescados Marcelino, Jeka Fish, Barna, Nutrition Sciences and Ghent University.</li> <li>The project is funded by the Bio Based Industries Joint Undertaking (JU) of the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, under grant agreement no. 837726. JU is supported by the Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and the Bio Based Industries Consortium.</li> <li>Read about a previous research advance from the project: <a href="/en/departments/bio/news/Pages/Dipping-solution-turns-the-whole-fish-into-food.aspx">New dipping solution turns the whole fish into valuable food</a></li></ul> <p></p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p>Tue, 28 Jun 2022 08:00:00 +0200 of incentives for large-scale solar energy in Sweden<p><b>​Current regulations and subsidies have favoured small-scale ownership of photovoltaic systems in Sweden. This is shown in a new study from Chalmers University of Technology. To promote the construction of larger systems and solar-as-a-service, changes in regulations are required. Such changes in regulations can contribute to the national goal of reaching one hundred percent renewable electricity production by the year 2040.</b></p>​In recent years, the market for self-produced solar energy has exploded in Sweden. The reason is, among other things, high electricity prices and the ongoing climate change. But for those who do not have a roof of their own or the financial conditions to invest in a solar system, the alternatives are limited.<br /><br />&quot;If we are to be able to increase the amount of solar energy in Sweden, we must ensure that more people have access to solar photovoltaics, not just those with detached houses who can afford to buy a system&quot;, says Amanda Bankel, doctoral student at the division of Innovation and R&amp;D Management at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><br />The new study by Amanda Bankel and Ingrid Mignon, Associate Professor at the same division, has been published in the scientific journal Energy Policy. It shows that there is a lack of agreement in how researchers, policymakers and firms view solar business models. For instance, “community solar” business models have received much attention in research and policy at, for example, EU level. Community solar means that many people come together to produce, share, and consume renewable energy locally.<br /><br />However, such business models are hardly found among solar firms on the Swedish market. This does not imply that there are no energy communities in Sweden – only that firms do not see the need to design their business models for these customers. If Swedish policymakers want to increase the amount of solar energy through energy communities, they must also understand how firms that offer photovoltaic systems reason and what motivates them to specifically target energy communities, says Amanda Bankel.<br /><br />Other solutions that make it possible for customers to buy solar energy as a service through, for example, leasing, are also scarce in Sweden, despite having had a major impact in other countries, such as the US.<br /><br />&quot;Swedish policy instruments have favoured small-scale systems where the person who consumes the solar energy is the same one who buys and owns the system. Hence, it is not surprising that we see many firms offering these solutions and only a few that are aimed at people who do not want, or have the opportunity, to invest in their own system.&quot;<br /><br />&quot;If Sweden is to achieve its goal of 100 percent renewable electricity production by 2040, policymakers should ensure that more people have access to solar photovoltaics by promoting different types of solutions&quot;, says Amanda Bankel.<br /><div><div><br /></div> <div><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/AmandaBankel_600.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:450px" /><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/IngridJohanssonMignon_photoLaurentToudic_600.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:450px" /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /></div> <br /><div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em>Amanda Bankel and Ingrid Johansson Mignon.<span style="display:inline-block"></span></em></div> <br /></div> <br /><strong>About community solar</strong><br />Community solar involves many people coming together to produce, share, and consume renewable energy locally. They are described by the Swedish Energy Agency as an effective way to meet the challenges of energy transition.<br /><br /><strong>About leasing</strong><br />Leasing of solar photovoltaic means that you as a homeowner rent a photovoltaic system that is located on your own roof and owned by a leasing provider. Instead of making a large investment upfront, you pay a monthly fee to the firm that owns, operates, and maintains the system.  <br /><div><br /><br /></div> <div><span><span><em>Text: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /><em>Photo: Johan Bodell, Daniel Karlsson<span style="display:inline-block"></span></em></span></span><br /></div> <br /><br /><strong>About the study</strong><br />The study &quot;Solar business models from a firm perspective – an empirical study of the Swedish market&quot; is published in the scientific journal Energy Policy, volume 166, July 2022: <br /><span><a href="" target="_blank"></a><a href="" target="_blank"><span style="display:inline-block"></span></a></span><br /><br /><strong>Contacts</strong><br /><a href="/en/staff/Pages/amanda-bankel.aspx">Amanda Bankel</a>, doctoral student, Technology Management and Economics<br /><a href=""></a>, phone +46 31 772 1228<br /><br /><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Ingrid-Mignon.aspx">Ingrid Johansson Mignon</a>, Associate Professor, Technology Management and Economics<br /><a href=""></a>, phone +46  31 772 6329<br />Mon, 20 Jun 2022 08:00:00 +0200 Sweden's climate goals in line with the Paris Agreement?<p><b>This issue has been debated lately in Sweden. The results depend on how the global emission budget is scaled down and distributed among countries. The choice of method comes down to ethical questions and is ultimately a political decision. Three researchers from Chalmers - Johannes Morfeldt, Christian Azar and Daniel Johansson - come to the following conclusions in a recent report: </b></p><ul><li>​​<span style="background-color:initial">Sweden's (territorial) emission target is compatible with the 1.5 degree target given that the global carbon dioxide emission space is distributed evenly per person and year.</span></li> <li>Sweden's (territorial) emissions target is compatible with the 1.5-degree target, even if we also take historical responsibility for our carbon dioxide emissions from sometime in the 1990s.</li> <li>If Sweden takes responsibility for emissions further back in time, we would need more ambitious goals (than the current ones).</li></ul> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/JohannesM-ChristianA-DanielJ-170x510.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />IP</strong></span><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>CC has estimated</strong> the amount of carbon the world can emit in order to meet the 1,5 degree target (a carbon budget). In order to determine how much each country can emit within this global budget, i.e., to scale down the emission budget to a national level, various principles of equity may be applied. The choice of principle may have a significant impact on the results. </span><br /></div> <div><strong style="background-color:initial"><br /></strong></div> <div><strong style="background-color:initial">Finally,</strong><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><strong style="background-color:initial">the researchers address</strong><span style="background-color:initial"> the role of science in this debate. Science is central to calculating what global emission space is left to reach a certain temperature target. But science cannot determine which distribution principle is right. How the remaining emission space is to be distributed between countries is basically an ethical and political issue and not an issue that science can decide.</span><br /></div> <div><br /><strong>Dowload the report</strong> (Swedish): <a href="">Nationella utsläppsmål utifrån Parisavtalet och internationella rättviseprinciper – analys av Sveriges territoriella klimatmål</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href=""></a><div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/morfeldt.aspx">Johannes Morfeldt</a>, Researcher, Department of Space, Earth and Environment, <span style="background-color:initial">, Chalmers University of Technology</span><span style="background-color:initial">.</span><span style="background-color:initial">​</span></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/christian-azar.aspx">Christian Azar</a>, Professor of Energy and environment, Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><a href="/en/staff/Pages/daniel-johansson.aspx">Daniel Johansson​</a>, Associate Professor, Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology.​</div> <br /><strong>Read More:<br /></strong><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/Must-some-countries-do-more-than-others.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Must some countries do more than others?</a><br /><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/We-must-take-action-instead-of-arguing-how-costly-it-might-be.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />We must take action instead of arguing how costly it might be</a><br /><a href="/en/departments/see/news/Pages/History-fossil-dependence.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Can history teach us how to reduce fossil reliance?</a></div> <div><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/production-gap.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />&quot;Do something constructive of the report's message&quot;​</a><br /></div> <div><br /></div>Thu, 16 Jun 2022 07:00:00 +0200 solar energy to electricity on demand<p><b>​The researchers behind an energy system that makes it possible to capture solar energy, store it for up to eighteen years and release it when and where it is needed have now taken the system a step further. After previously demonstrating how the energy can be extracted as heat, they have now succeeded in getting the system to produce electricity, by connecting it to a thermoelectric generator. Eventually, the research – developed at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden – could lead to self-charging electronics using stored solar energy on demand.​</b></p><div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/KB/Generell/Nyheter/Most%20steg%202%20Kasper%20Moth%20Poulsen/porträtt_Kasper_Moth_Poulsen_200x200.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="portait Kasper Moth-Poulsen " style="margin:5px 10px" />“This is a radically new way of generating electricity from solar energy. It means that we can use solar energy to produce electricity regardless of weather, time of day, season, or geographical location. It is a closed system that can operate without causing carbon dioxide emissions,” says research leader Kasper Moth-Poulsen, Professor at the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at Chalmers.<br /><br /></div> <div>The new technology is based on the solar energy system MOST – Molecular Solar Thermal Energy Storage Systems, developed at Chalmers University of Technology. Very simply, the technology is based on a specially designed molecule that changes shape when it comes into contact with sunlight. The research has already attracted great interest worldwide when it has been presented at earlier stages.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The new study, published in Cell Reports Physical Science and carried out in collaboration with researchers in Shanghai, takes the solar energy system a step further, detailing how it can be combined with a compact thermoelectric generator to convert solar energy into electricity.</div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Ultra-thin chip converts heat into electricity</h2> <div>The Swedish researchers sent their specially designed molecule, loaded with solar energy, to colleagues Tao Li<br />and Zhiyu Hu at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, where the energy was released and converted into electricity <img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/KB/Generell/Nyheter/Most%20steg%202%20Kasper%20Moth%20Poulsen/porträtt_Zihang_Wang_200x200.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="portrait Zhihang Wang " style="margin:5px 10px" /><br />using the generator they developed there. Essentially, Swedish sunshine was sent to the other side of the world and converted into electricity in China. <br /><br /></div> <div><div>“The generator is an ultra-thin chip that could be integrated into electronics such as headphones, smart watches and telephones. So far, we have only generated small amounts of electricity, but the new results show that the concept really works. It looks very promising,” says researcher Zhihang Wang from Chalmers University of Technology.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span><br />Fossil</span><span> free</span><span>, emissions free </span></h2></div> <div>The research has great potential for renewable and emissions-free energy production. But a lot of research and development remains before we will be able to charge our technical gadgets or heat our homes with the system's stored solar energy.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Together with the various research groups included in the project, we are now working to streamline the system. The amount of electricity or heat it can extract needs to be increased. Even if the energy system is based on simple basic materials, it needs to be adapted to be sufficiently cost-effective to produce, and thus possible to launch more broadly,” says Kasper Moth-Poulsen.<br /></div></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More about the Most technology</h3> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/KB/Generell/Nyheter/Most%20steg%202%20Kasper%20Moth%20Poulsen/mostlabbet%20350x305.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Image from the Mostlabb" style="margin:5px 10px" />Molecular Solar Thermal Energy Storage Systems, Most, is a closed energy system based on a specially designed molecule of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen, which when hit by sunlight changes shape into an energy-rich isomer – a molecule made up of the same atoms but arranged together in a different way. The isomer can then be stored in liquid form for later use when needed, such as at night or in winter. The researchers have refined the system to the point that it is now possible to store the energy for up to 18 years. A specially designed catalyst releases the saved energy as heat while returning the molecule to its original shape, so it can then be reused in the heating system. Now, in combination with an micrometer-thin thermoelectric generator, the energy system can also generate electricity to order.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Photo above to the right: Maria Quant and Zhihang Wang, postdocs in the Most research group, in the front a modell of the specially designed molecule <span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(17, 102, 170);font-family:&quot;open sans&quot;, arial, sans-serif;font-size:12px">​</span><br /></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3" style="font-family:&quot;open sans&quot;, sans-serif">Read previous press releases about the energy system Most</h3> <div><ul><li>​<a href="" title="Link to press release ">Window film can even out the temperature using solar energy</a></li> <li><a href="" title="Link to press release ">Emission-free energy system saves heat from the summer sun to the winter​</a></li></ul></div></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More about the research and the scientific article </h3> <div><ul><li>​The study <a href="" title="Link to scientific article ">Chip-scale solar thermal electrical power generation</a> is published in Cell Reports Physical Science. The article is written by Zhihang Wang, Zhenhua Wu, Zhiyu Hu, Jessica Orrego-Hernández, Erzhen Mu, Zhao-Yang Zhang, Martyn Jevric, Yang Liu, Xuecheng Fu, Fengdan Wang, Tao Li and Kasper Moth-Poulsen. The researchers are active at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Henan Polytechnic University in China, as well as at the Institute of Materials Science in Barcelona and the Catalan Department of Research and Advanced Studies, ICREA, in Spain.<br /><br /></li> <li>The research has been funded by the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research, the Swedish Research Council Formas, the Swedish Energy Agency, the European Research Council (ERC) under grant agreement CoG, PHOTHERM - 101002131, the Catalan Institute of Advanced Studies (ICREA), and the European Union's Horizon 2020 Framework Programme under grant agreement no. 951801.</li></ul></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">For more information contact:</h3> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/zhihang.aspx" title="Link to personal profile page ">Zhihang Wang</a>, Post Doc, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/kasper-moth-poulsen.aspx" title="Link to personal profile page ">Kasper Moth-Poulsen</a>, Professor, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Jenny Holmstrand, Mia Halleröd Palmgren, Joshua Worth <br />Credit for images above and video material: <span style="background-color:initial">Chalmers University of Technology | Per Erséus, Språng kommunikation</span></div> <div>Credit for illustration: Chalmers University of Technology | Daniel Spacek,<br />Credit portrait Kasper Moth-Poulsen: Oscar Mattsson |<span style="background-color:initial">Chalmers University of Technology</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial">​</span></div> <div>Credit portrait Zhihang Wang: Sandra Nayeri <span></span><span style="background-color:initial">|</span><span style="background-color:initial">Chalmers University of Technology​</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>​<br /></div> ​​​​Mon, 11 Apr 2022 07:00:00 +0200 of changes essential to save the climate<p><b>​​Extensive technological developments, a ban on fossil fuels, less construction, fewer flights, fewer car journeys and lower levels of beef and dairy consumption. Only by taking all these measures in combination can Sweden get closer to emission levels in line with the Paris Agreement, according to a new research report commissioned by the Swedish Parliament.</b></p><div>On April 7, 2022, the Swedish Cross-Party Committee on Environmental Objectives is suggesting a new consumption-based climate target, as a complement to the existing territorial climate targets. As a basis for this, a group of Swedish researchers, from organisations including Chalmers University of Technology, have produced a comprehensive report analysing how consumption patterns need to change for Sweden to reach emission levels in line with the Paris Agreement's goal of keeping the global temperature rise well below two degrees Celsius.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The researchers' conclusion is that while extensive technological developments are essential, consumption habits must also change – only by combining these two approaches do we stand a chance of achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement. The premise in the calculations is that the remaining future emissions are distributed globally evenly per person.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“If we are to achieve really low emission levels, we need to both invest heavily in new climate-smart technologies, as well as make significant changes to our behaviour when it comes to the goods and services with the highest carbon footprints,” says Jörgen Larsson, Associate Professor in sustainable consumption at Chalmers University of Technology, and project manager for the report.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Without behavioural changes, emissions will remain high</h3> <div><a href=""><span style="background-color:initial">The report &quot;</span><span style="background-color:initial">Consumption based scenarios for Sweden - a basis for discussing new climate targets&quot;</span>​</a><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial">is based on analyses of different scenarios and shows t</span><span style="background-color:initial">hat if we rely only on technological developments – measures such as eliminating fossil-fuel vehicles, producing fossil-free steel and fossil-free commercial fertiliser – emissions will still be too high. Only when these technological developments are combined with significant changes in behaviour does the outlook improve – particularly if the changes are substantial.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>When combined with fewer flights, less car travel, significantly reduced consumption of beef and dairy products, and radically reduced construction of roads and housing – for example by converting office blocks to residential buildings – emissions could sink by up to 90 per cent by 2050, compared with today's level. This reduction of emissions is based on the assumption that the rest of the world also enacts climate change mitigation measures to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement, thereby reducing the carbon footprints of imported goods.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The scenario with extensive behavioral changes is a theoretical thought experiment, which aims to show the lowest levels we could reach with the help of both technological and radical social changes and still live a modern life.” says Johannes Morfeldt, researcher at the Division of Physical Resource Theory at Chalmers University of Technology.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Analyses based on five distinct scenario​s </h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The report, which is based on Swedish</span><span style="background-color:initial"> conditions, outlines scenarios with varying degrees of technological development and behavioural changes.</span><br /></div> <div><ul><li>The Reference scenario foresees behaviours and technology evolving according to current trends.</li> <li>The Territorial climate target scenario – Sweden’s climate targets are achieved mainly through technological changes.</li> <li>Behaviour and technology scenario – in addition to the technological changes in the previous scenario, further measures are implemented (both technical and behavioural) to lower Swedish consumption impacts outside of Sweden's borders as well. (not shown in the figure) </li> <li>Comprehensive behaviour and technology scenario – extensive reductions in flying, driving, consumption of beef and dairy products, as well as in the construction of new roads and housing.</li> <li>Reference scenario with comprehensive behaviour change – the same reductions in consumption as in the previous scenario, but without the introduction of advanced technologies, both in Sweden and abroad.</li></ul> <div> <img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/Konsumtionsvanor-klimatmalen_diagram-750px.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial"><i>The figure shows the emission levels and reduction potentials for different scenarios in 2050 compared to 2019 for emissions related to transportation, food, buildings and infrastructure. Current trends and policies shows the results for Swedish consumption-based emissions if other countries develop in line with current climate policy. Global climate transition shows results for Swedish consumption-based emissions if other countries develop in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement.</i></span><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(0, 0, 0)"> </span></p></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More about the research</h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial">This study outlines a method for scenario analysis based on bottom-up simulations of pathways for consumption sectors with the largest climate impact – passenger car travel, air travel, construction and housing, and food. The study extends previous research by analysing the impact of lifestyle and technological changes at the national level on consumption-based emissions. The analysis merges methods developed in separate sectoral studies and places them in a prospective lifecycle assessment framework. Assumptions are harmonised for two background scenarios – a current trends and policies scenario and a global climate transition scenario in line with the Paris Agreement’s goals – to illustrate the strong influence of technological developments in the rest of the world when estimating consumption-based emissions (indicated by a range).</span></div> <div>The report has been prepared on behalf of the Swedish Cross-Party Committee on Environmental Objectives, whose final report will be presented on April 7. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The assignment was led by <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/jorgen-larsson.aspx">Jörgen Larsson</a> and <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/morfeldt.aspx">Johannes Morfeldt</a> (Chalmers University of Technology) who worked with all parts of the analysis. Other participating researchers: </div> <div><ul><li>Jonas Åkerman (PhD, KTH Royal Institute of Technology)</li> <li>Jonas Nässén (associate professor, Chalmers)</li> <li>Daniel Johansson (associate professor, Chalmers)</li> <li>Frances Sprei (associate professor, Chalmers)</li> <li>Cecilia Hult (doctoral student, Chalmers)</li> <li>Johan Rootzén (PhD, IVL Swedish Environmental Institute)</li> <li>Ida Karlsson (doctoral student, Chalmers)</li> <li>Stefan Wirsenius (associate professor, Chalmers)</li> <li>Fredrik Hedenus (professor, Chalmers)</li> <li>Erik André (doctoral student, Chalmers)</li> <li>Markus Millinger (PhD, Chalmers).</li></ul></div> ​Thu, 07 Apr 2022 07:00:00 +0200 – "We are in the middle of the transition"<p><b>​“The IPCC collects and reports about the state of knowledge in science, technical and socio-economic assessments on climate change. Everything we write in the report is not new scientific discoveries. The main aim is to bring this knowledge to policymakers and the general public in a comprehensive, clear and accessible way”, says Sonia Yeh, who contributed to UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change´s (IPCC) report, which was presented on the 4th of April.​</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">WG III, is the final part of the IPCC’s Sixth Assessment Report, and it focuses on climate change mitigation, assessing methods for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. </span><div><br /></div> <div><strong>“So the main challenge for us as scientific contributors</strong> is the writing. How do you communicate in a clear and unbiased way, what information to include or to exclude, how do we coordinate across chapters so there is consistent and no overlapping messages, etc.”, says Sonia Yeh, Professor of energy and transport systems at Chalmers University of Technology. </div> <div>Her expertise is in energy economics and energy system modelling, alternative transportation fuels, sustainability standards, technological change, and consumer behavior and mobility. She has contributed to IPPC report, Working Group III Mitigation of Climate Change, Chapter 10 Transport in the subchapter “Scenarios from Integrated, Sectoral and Regional Models”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What is it that makes you take on such a big assignment like this?</strong></div> <div>“On one hand, it is indeed a huge time commitment. So, one must decide beforehand how much time one can spare to be involved in such a big effort. On the other hand, it is a huge honor as a scientist to be selected to represent your country to co-produce such an important document. The document is the most comprehensive assessment effort roughly every 6 years providing an update on climate mitigations options. It has tremendous societal values to both policymakers and all concerned citizens around the world”, says Sonia Yeh.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Her path to be selected</strong> as an IPCC contributing author was a bit unconventional. The typical path for being an IPCC author was for one to first self-nominate, then being selected for nomination by your country. <br /><br /></div> <div>“I joined the IPCC process in the middle as I received a phone call one day by the lead author of the chapter on transport scenario asking if they can rely on my competence in the long-term projections of transport scenarios. That’s how I joined in the middle of the process. So there is a separate path to be asked to join as an contributing author if the lead authors consider your technical expertise is critical for part of the report”, says Sonia Yeh.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What sets this report apart from previous reports?</strong></div> <div>&quot;I cannot talk about any specific details before the release. But certainly, one of the most interesting things writing up this report is to observe how things have changed from this report from the last (5th Assessment Report), which directions and how fast the changes were. Lots of things have changed: technology costs and their commercial availability, demand growth, new technology, system level interactions, etc. As someone said, around the time of the last report, we were talking about the transitions. At the time of the writing of this report, we are right in the middle of the transitions. So we are certainly seeing lots of changes (both expected and unexpected) so that would be something interesting to watch out for when the report is released&quot;. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What is the biggest challenge for you as a researcher working on the report?</strong></div> <div>&quot;The IPCC collects and reports about the state of knowledge in science, technical and socio-economic assessments on climate change. Everything we write in the report is not new scientific discoveries. The main aim is to bring this knowledge to policymakers and the general public in a comprehensive, clear and accessible way. So the main challenge for us as scientific contributors is the writing. How do you communicate in a clear and unbiased way, what information to include or to exclude, how do we coordinate across chapters so there is consistent and no overlapping messages, etc.&quot; </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What are the most important conclusions you can draw from your work, on a purely personal level?</strong></div> <div>&quot;The main thing I learned is the self-reflective part that I mentioned above regarding what sets this report apart from the previous reports. In a way we are asking on behalf of the public, How has science changed in this report compared to the last, how things have changed, are the challenges we face today different from the challenges we faced 4 years ago? Unfortunately IPCC mainly addresses the question of “what do we know today” rather than the question of “what has changed compared to the last assessment.” This is understandable. To answer the latter question comprehensively, it requires greater efforts conducting rigorous studies and IPCC is not set up to do that. Nevertheless it is a question I ask myself frequently while writing for the report, and I am sure that you will see a lot of discussions in the blog posts, tweets, and news columns on this later question a lot. One should be careful and take these discussions with a grain of salt though since most of them are produced quickly to provide discussion points in the news media and for the public discussion. Therefore they are good food for thoughts but one must understand that IPCC does not formally analyze such a question&quot;, says Sonia Yeh.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>When it comes to the most important </strong>measures to reduce the climate impact of the transport sector, Sonia Yeh recommends the seminar, <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/calendar/Pages/IPCC-WG3-Where-are-we-in-the-transitions.aspx">IPCC Sixth Assessment Working Group III report on Climate Mitigation: Where are we in the transitions?</a> It´s a public online seminar and several of the authors of the report will participate.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The important thing to know is that there is no silver bullet. Reducing CO2 emissions from the transport sector cannot rely on a single technology, one behavioral change or a single policy measure. Exactly how much a role different measures can contribute will depend on the region, time frame, the commitments of the governments and individual actions. The chairman of the IPCC says that IPCC is policy relevant, but not policy descriptive. IPCC does not tell policymakers or the citizens what they should do, but what they could do to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and the impacts of different actions in terms of potential for emissions reductions”, says Sonia Yeh.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>When do you think the energy will be fossil free for all transports?</strong></div> <div>“My personal reflection is that the transport energy will not be fossil free without strong policy measures. Meaning, policymakers will need to take actions to introduce policies such as carbon tax or carbon caps, incentives, standards and regulations, investments in low-carbon technology and transport infrastructure that supports zero-carbon fuels and vehicles, charging infrastructure for electric buses, cars, trucks, ferries, etc. So there is a lot to be done. But it is like “The Little Engine That Could”, we can do it! And I believe that we have the momentum. It is just a matter of how fast we want to do this”, says Sonia and highlights an <span style="background-color:initial">exampl</span><span style="background-color:initial">e</span><span style="background-color:initial"> of how fast things have changed in the last few years:<br />&quot;A few years back, most people think the only viable ways to decarbonize long-haul trucks are biofuels and hydrogen. But as the price of batteries falling faster than expected, electrifying long-haul trucks are becoming real and attractive possibilities. The only hinder is the build-up of the charging infrastructure, which of course is an intensive research area that we at our group are also working actively with many European partners. Many excellent research groups at Chalmers are also studying this from many angles including materials, batteries to system level integration like the grid impacts in Sweden and in Europe”.</span></div> <div><br /><strong>Related:<br /></strong><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />IPCC, <span style="background-color:initial">The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change </span></a></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/edit/Pages/sonia-yeh.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Sonia Yeh, Chalmers University of Technology</a><br /><a href="/en/departments/see/news/Pages/IPCC-reports-spread-knowledge-effectively.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />IPCC reports spread knowledge effectively​</a><br /></div> <div><span></span><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/calendar/Pages/IPCC-WG3-Where-are-we-in-the-transitions.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />IPCC Webinar – Where are we in the transitions?</a><br /><br />Text: Ann-Christine Nordin</div> ​​Sun, 03 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0200's-green-transition.aspx's-green-transition.aspxCollaboration will accelerate Sweden's green transition<p><b>​Sweden will become a world leader in battery research and electrification of transport. A new collaboration between Chalmers, Lund University and Uppsala University will contribute with more research, more engineers and continuous skills development in battery technology and power electronics.</b></p><div>​The transport sector worldwide is currently switching to fossil-free operation, and electrification is the dominant strategy. This has led to an increasing demand for research and expertise in battery development.</div> <div> </div> <div>The Swedish transport sector is in the middle of this green transformation, with the goal that the vehicle fleet will be completely fossil-free by 2045, with carbon dioxide emissions reduced by 70 percent by 2030. For industry to take a leading role in the transition to an electrified society, new knowledge and skills are needed – applied research, training of engineers and further training for current professionals.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Collaboration for new knowledge and skills supply</h2> <div>Today, Chalmers and the universities of Lund and Uppsala carry out world-leading research and education focused on sustainable mobility. A joint platform is now also being established where the three universities will work more closely, together with the industry, to develop new knowledge, conduct education, run joint research projects, and coordinate participation in international electrification projects.</div> <div> </div> <div>The universities’ long-term ambition is also to educate more engineers with a focus on battery technology and power electronics, to establish more doctoral positions and to strengthen their further education offerings.</div> <div> </div> <div>“The collaboration will give us stronger conditions to influence Sweden's role in the electrification of the transport sector through increased research and skills supply. This is an important step in achieving the climate goals and contributing to Swedish competitiveness,” says Stefan Bengtsson, President and CEO of Chalmers University of Technology.</div> <div> </div> <div>“ESS and MAX IV are unique research infrastructures in Sweden that can contribute to new technical and material competence. When we three universities now jointly strengthen our research and industry collaboration, we become a node that attracts world-leading competence. We want to be, and can be, at the forefront of sustainable mobility solutions and electrification,” says Erik Renström, Vice-Chancellor of Lund University.</div> <div> </div> <div>“Our three universities complement and strengthen each other. Uppsala's internationally strong profile in battery technology and the new master's education in this area come into exactly the right context in this collaboration. Together, we will be able to contribute to increasing the pace of this necessary adjustment,” says Anders Hagfeldt, Vice-Chancellor of Uppsala University.</div> <div> </div>Wed, 16 Mar 2022 13:00:00 +0100 commuting may be hindered by lack of equipment<p><b>​Companies that manufacture and sell bicycle products could play a key role in increasing the number of people who use bikes for everyday transport. A study from Chalmers shows that access to the right equipment can be crucial for successful year-round cycling, and that it´s difficult to find suitable products when the bike is a vehicle rather than a sports tool.</b></p><div>​The Transport Area of Advance has funded a group of “Covid projects”, where researchers have studied how various parts of the transport system have been affected by the pandemic (see list at the bottom).</div> <div> </div> <div>One of the projects – <em>Everyday cycling in unusual times</em> – is an interview study with twelve participants in Gothenburg, who had changed their daily mode of transport to cycling to avoid public transport. Chalmers researchers Helena Strömberg and Pontus Wallgren, at the Divison of Design &amp; Human Factors, saw the opportunity to map these &quot;new&quot; year-round cyclists' overall experiences of using their bikes for both work commuting and other transports.</div> <div> </div> <div>The participants' stories entail many ideas for how different actors can contribute to climate change mitigation by making cycling more attractive in various ways – after the pandemic as well. One theme that stands out, and which so far has not received much attention, is difficulties in finding suitable products that are needed for the bicycle to function as an everyday vehicle. For example, clothes to stay dry and warm (but not too warm), trolleys or watertight bags for all the necessities that must be transported, and safety gear such as helmets and winter tires.<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_bilder-utan-fast-format/Helena%20Strömberg%20porträtt.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Photo of Helena Strömberg" style="margin:5px" /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>“The study shows that equipment is very important for successful year-round cycling, and this factor has previously been rarely discussed”, says Helena Strömberg. “The participants managed to overcome several different types of barriers by finding the right equipment. But it was an unnecessarily difficult and time-consuming process for them, and we believe that there is a lot to work with in this area to reduce barriers to cycling.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Reluctantly dressed in neon colours and lycra</h2> <div>All the participants in the study had gone through a process of buying, trying and rejecting a lot of different equipment in order to end up with something that was compatible with their needs. They had struggled to find gear that was suitable for everyday cycling – most products were adapted for sport biking. And this was both a functional and an aesthetic problem.</div> <div> </div> <div>The participants didn’t want to look like “die-hard” or “sports” cyclists, and didn’t want cycling to be part of their identity. They wanted to find equipment and clothes that look normal, and that are functional for ordinary people who just get around by bike in all weathers. But in many cases they had had to accept the neon and lycra aesthetics, because that was what was available, and it was difficult enough to find products with the right functionality.<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_bilder-utan-fast-format/Pontus%20Wallgren%20porträtt.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Photo of Pontus Wallgren" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /></div> “Here we see a great opportunity for industry to develop clothing and other equipment that support cycling equally well as the speciality gear, but with a more varied and inclusive aesthetic”, says Pontus Wallgren. <div> </div> <div>But just finding out what products are available and where to find them was a hurdle for the participants. They searched with the help of informal networks, such as colleagues they met at the bike rack at work. The ferry across the river in Gothenburg proved to be a good help for those who commuted that way. There they got the opportunity to check out which equipment other cyclists had, and also to chat to them for tips and advice.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Better opportunities to try equipment out can make a difference</h2> <div>The researchers therefore believe that increasing the trialability and overview of products for everyday biking is a great opportunity for the bicycle industry, as well as for the public sector. For example, companies could offer a hire and buy scheme, and also offer better sales processes with tailored recommendations based on the particular cyclist's needs. The public sector could make contributions such as libraries for gear, and arenas where inexperienced bike commuters could learn about everything from equipment to the best route for them.<br /></div> <img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/350x305/Vardagscykling_sidbild_350x305px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Photo of a cyclist" style="margin:5px" /><br />“Cycling all year round for all purposes in a Nordic climate is quite a skill to learn”, says Helena Strömberg. “All the participants in the study described a learning process, where they actively sought out various solutions to make cycling work in their daily life.” <div> </div> <div>The challenges for cyclists are similar in many Swedish cities. However, Gothenburg is also a very hilly city, and most of the participants had found out that a traditional bike was not compatible with the requirements of everyday cycling. They had bought a new bicycle as part of the process when they discovered their own needs – either an e-bike or a light, sporty bike with multiple gears.</div> <div> </div> <div>“In high-cycling countries such as Denmark and the Netherlands, it is often said that the only thing you need is a standard bike with an upright riding position”, says Pontus Wallgren. “But many people have a rather flat biking route there, and this is an example of the importance of finding solutions for local and individual barriers to cycling as well.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Easier and more fun than expected despite the challenges</h2> <div>After all, the participants in the study had expected that it would be even more difficult to become a year-round cyclist than it actually turned out to be. And their stories contain many positive effects of biking.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/350x305/Vardagscykling_sidbild2_350x305px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Photo of a cyclist" style="margin:5px" /><br /></div> <div>“One thing that really stands out in our results is the participants' experiences of joy, freedom and empowerment when cycling”, says Pontus Wallgren. “They had been cycling for about a year when they were interviewed, and almost all of them said they intended to continue after the pandemic as well.”</div> <div> </div> <div>But the study was specifically about people who had managed to maintain their cycling, and thus had overcome the various hurdles they had faced. They also told about colleagues who had tried to change their mode of transport to biking during the pandemic, but had given up because it was too hard.</div> <div> </div> <div>It could be small things that together made the cons outweigh the pros. Poor support for bike commuting at the workplace or home was one of them. For example, one got tired of crossing a giant car parking every day to get to a small bicycle parking where it wasn´t even possible to lock the bike to something – or of pushing wet outerwear into a locker, and then putting on the still wet clothes at the end of the working day.</div> <div> </div> <div>“Our results, as well as previous research, show that employers and house owners can also do a lot to reduce barriers to cycling”, says Helena Strömberg. “For example, by offering secure indoor bike storage and facilities for showering, drying wet clothes and recharging batteries.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Lack of priority and capacity can only be partially compensated</h2> <div>The results are also in line with previous research regarding a third important factor for how many people choose to cycle: how much priority and space that are allocated to cycling in the city. Thus it comes down to urban development and policy, but also to usage and maintenance of the already existing bike lanes.</div> <div> </div> <div>Some problematic examples from the participants' stories were dangerous road sections where aggressive motorists demonstrated their perceived right to the road, sections where there were indeed cycle lanes – but very frequent stops were required for various reasons, and cycle lanes with potholes, patchy asphalt and late snow removal.</div> <div> </div> <div>Gothenburg is one of many cities that have a long way to go to reach their cycling goals, even though the mode of transport has increased during the pandemic. And overall, the participants in the study felt that biking is not a prioritised mode of transport in Gothenburg. “I almost always feel that the cars are at advantage when you go out, so I cannot think of it as a cycling city”, was one of the statements.</div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_puffbilder/Vardagscykling_350x220px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Photo of a bicycle bell" style="margin:5px" />The consequences of this were also something they tried to compensate for with equipment. Lots of reflectors. Shock absorbers for bumpy bike lanes. And then the perfect bicycle bell, with just the right loudness, so that pedestrians on the bike lanes will hear it but not get scared or angry. It has named the scientific paper about the results of the study that was recently published: <a href="" target="_blank"><em>Finding that elusive bell and other issues - experiences from starting to cycle during a pandemic.</em></a></div> <div> </div> <div>But of course there are limits to what biking gear can achieve.</div> <div> </div> <div>“Although our study indicates that equipment is a factor which needs more attention, that doesn´t mean that urban development and policy become less important”, says Pontus Wallgren. “If more people are to choose the bike for daily transport, everyday cycling absolutely needs to be prioritised in cities. That is necessary for the bike routes to be safe and efficient, but also for them to be nice environments where people enjoy cycling. All of this contributes to increasing the relative advantage of cycling over other modes of transport.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text:</strong> Johanna Wilde</div> <div><strong>Photo:</strong> Chalmers; Helena Strömberg and Pontus Wallgren. Pixabay; the rest of the photos – the people in these images did not participate in the study.</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">The Covid projects funded by the Transport Area of Advance</h3> <ul><li><em>Exploratory analysis of new data sources to assess the impact of Covid-19 on urban mobility</em>. Jorge Gil, Chalmers, Anders Larsson, University of Gothenburg. </li> <li><em>The role of liner shipping for robust supply chains.</em> Contact person; Johan Woxenius, University of Gothenburg. </li> <li><em>Long-term impacts of Covid-19 on the sustainability of online clothing retailing.</em> Patricia van Loon, Chalmers, Sharon Cullinane, Magnus Jansson, Michael Browne, University of Gothenburg. </li> <li><em>The interdependence between freight and passenger transport services.</em> Contact person; Jonas Flodén, University of Gothenburg. </li> <li><em>Everyday cycling in unusual times.</em> Helena Strömberg, Pontus Wallgren, Chalmers. </li> <li><em>Urban deliveries pre and during Covid-19</em>. Ivan Sanchez-Diaz, Juan Pablo Castrellon, Chalmers. </li> <li><em>The psychology behind hoarding during Covid-19</em>. John Magnus Roos, Jonas Flodén, Johan Woxenius, University of Gothenburg. </li> <li><em>Western Swedes' travel habits before and during Covid-19.</em> John Magnus Roos, University of Gothenburg, Frances Sprei, Chalmers. </li> <li><em>Procurement, firm resilience, and effectiveness of response to disruptions: insights from Covid-19</em>. Ala Arvidsson, Patrik Jonsson, Riikka Kaipia, Chalmers.</li></ul> <div> </div> Mon, 07 Mar 2022 07:00:00 +0100 more out of the forest with better processes<p><b>​Man has always lived on and off the forest. Today Sweden is one of the world's most important producers of products from forest raw materials. The Wallenberg Wood Science Center now receives an additional SEK 380 million for wood research with the goal of creating new material and making the processes more sustainable and energy efficient.​</b></p>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/KB/Kemiteknik/Hans%20Theliander.jpg" alt="Hans Theliander" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px" /><span style="background-color:initial">“The grant is a fantastic thing. We have been working with the center for almost 15 years. This means that you get an additional number of years to work with these things and expand the portfolio”, says Hans Theliander, professor of Forest Products and Chemical Engineering at Chalmers, and one of the researchers at Chalmers who has been with the Wallenberg Wood Science Center since the start in 2009.<br /><br /></span><div><strong>In his head</strong> he has a sequence for how the wood material of the forest can be used better. Think about reusing each carbon molecule 40 to 50 times before turning it into carbon dioxide. In the future, the forest industry will be far more than planks and paper.</div> <div>“In a first step, different sawn products can be manufactured and used for different purposes for several years. It can be, for example, in buildings or furniture. Then you can use the wood material in these products to produce pulp fibers, for example you can use it to make paper packaging or writing materials - when you have circulated the fiber material a number of times and the quality of the fibers is no longer as good, you could pick out nanocomponents and make different materials of nanocellulose which in many cases can replace today's plastic materials, circulate these a number of times to then extract cellulose polymers and make various textile materials, for example viscose”.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>“I'm not done with that,</strong> says Hans Theliander, after this you can pick out the sugar molecules that are in the textile cellulose-based materials, and ferment to ethanol, a raw material for several different chemicals, not least fuel. I can take several other examples. We must start thinking in that way to make the most of the forest in the future. But then it is important to adapt the processes and material types. Future researchers have something to do here”, says Hans Theliander.</div> <div>Already today, the sawmills and pulp mills, has a good start to a sequential order In the sawmills, which are the important thing, it is sawn up to become planks. The residual streams from sawmills in form of sawmill chips together with thinning wood from manage of the forest, can go to the pulp mills. Add to this the extensive paper recycling, and we already have the first steps. But it is of course important to expand this. The Wallenberg Wood Science Center was started in 2009. The focus is on basic research that aims to develop knowledge as a basis for a new generation of innovative materials from trees.<br /><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/Bio/Profilbilder/Lisbeth_Olsson_2017.jpg" alt="Lisbeth Olsson" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" style="margin:5px" /><strong>“Sometime in 2008</strong>, the Wallenberg Foundation held a large workshop with researchers from several subject areas on forest renewal. After that, an announcement was made in the area addressed to the universities. The result was a center between KTH and Chalmers University of Technology. Later, Linköping University would join. It was a ten-year venture. This is how the Wallenberg Wood Science Center was started”, says Lisbeth Olsson, professor of Industrial Biotechnology, who together with Hans Theliander and Paul Gatenholm, professor of Biopolymer Technology, is the initiator of the center at Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>“The philosophy </strong>at Wallenberg Wood Science Center is to develop milder process methods so that you can retain more of the structure of lignin and hemicellulose, based on building new materials where the inherent properties of the wood are utilized. The goal is to make the entire manufacturing process more energy efficient. An example of this is drainage. When to get the fiber out - it is a solid material you should have in the end. That process is enormously energy-intensive, this is what Hans Theliander works with”, says Lisbeth Ohlsson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Hans Theliander's track record as a researcher and innovator in the sulphate factory's recycling processes is long. In recent years, he has worked with filtration and extraction of lignin. The process - LignoBoost - is today commercialized and is in operation at two pulp mills in the world. It has the potential to be a central technology in the pulp mills of the future. Hans has also been active in pulp technology research with significant contributions concerning, among other things, heat, and mass transport during cooking and in biorefinery-related studies where mathematical modeling has been central.</div> <div>Knowledge from different areas is needed to ultimately be able to produce exciting new materials from the forest raw material, here several different specializations in materials and process technology are important. When it comes to the more &quot;chemical&quot; aspects, the whole spectrum is needed from basic chemistry, via applied chemistry to chemical engineering.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>“My research area</strong> is about the processes needed to produce different types of materials from wood raw material. It may not be quite as “sexy” as the material itself but is of course one of the prerequisites for being able to produce different products from wood material. 20 years ago, the balance was good between chemistry, applied chemistry and chemistry / process technology. At present, there is a great imbalance”, says Hans Theliander.</div> <div>“Today, it is primarily material technology that has increased. While Chemical engineering has decreased, which is a problem”, says Hans Theliander, not only at Chalmers, but also internationally and this is a problem since engineers with that competence are needed.</div> <div>“It has been a big loss in the field of chemical engineering or process engineering as it can also be called. 20 years ago, Chalmers really had competence and good momentum in that business. But since then, several professors have retired without new recruitment”, says Hans Theliander.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>The challenge </strong>has also been observed in the industry, which has been involved in initiating a new bio innovation program called &quot;Resource-smart industrial processes&quot;. The goal is to strengthen process / chemical engineering in Sweden. The program is the reason why Hans Theliander still works 40 percent.</div> <div>“The idea is now that Merima Hasani, researcher and associate professor in the field of Forest Industrial Chemical Engineering will take over after me. It is a national program at Chalmers with eleven doctoral students and postdocs and funded by Vinnova, the industry and academy”.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>What does the development of process technology mean for the forest industry?</strong></div> <div>“This is about a lot. Historically, the energy has been quite cheap, which has meant that when these processes was developed the smartest and most energy efficient process solutions was not used. Some improvements have been done during the years but with improved knowledge in chemical engineering and process engineering, it is possible to optimize the processes much further and make them more energy efficient and utilize the forest material better: in the end get a better material yield. If you look at a sulphate pulp factory today - you burn half - and half become pulp fibers. It is a poor material yield. You must increase it. Which has been one of my mantras for the last 15-20 years”, says Hans.</div> <div>“People are starting to open their eyes to this, after all, wood is the most expensive part when producing pulp. You want as much out of it as possible”, he says.</div> <div>Hans Theliander's research group has worked with several proposals on how, for example, you can also use branches and tops in a smarter way. Today, fine pulpwood is used as a starting material to make viscose.</div> <div>“You can do it in another way. When you make viscose you need polymers, not a lot of fine fibers, it is enough that the polymer is okay - you can take it from branches and tops. These are the thoughts you must have in the future to make the biomaterial last”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong><img src="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/PublishingImages/Making%20science%20useful/HansT_220x180px.jpg" alt="Hans Theliander" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px" />How do you make the processes more sustainable and energy efficient?</strong></div> <div>“ I usually put it like this. We have a unique medium and that is water, which is also a good and environmentally friendly chemical. We should continue to use that. There are two problems with water, I usually jokingly say that one is 4.18 (kJ / kg K) - ie the heat capacity - that is, how much energy you need to use per degree and kilo of water.</div> <div>The second is 2300 (kJ / kg) - it is so much energy you need to evaporate a kilo of water. It is a high heat of vaporization value. An example is: When we digest the wood, the pulp fibers are suspended in the cooking liquid. We wash the pulp fiber with water and the more water we use, the greater the energy demand are later in the process. Here it is important to make the washing of the pulp fiber more efficient, use as little water as possible, to minimize the heat demand in subsequent evaporation steps”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Is water in short supply here?</strong></div> <div>“Well, it is probably not the lack of water, but it is costly energy wise to remove the water from wet products. This takes huge amounts of energy. Just to give proportion - a partial step in the pulping process is one evaporates and concentrates the black liquor. Every second in Sweden, more than one cubic meter of water is boiled away. Enormous amounts. It is done in a smart way today, but here there is so much more to do”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Will the society demand less forest if one succeeds in making all these efficiencies?</strong></div> <div>“You can put it in that way, but you can also say that you need to get more out of the same amount of forest. We are about to replace petroleum-based products and given that we use enormous amounts of petroleum-based products – then our needs of other raw materials, and wood will be one of the most important, is enormous. To make the forest last than we really have to be efficient.</div> <div>“What´s interesting is that not many people today know that 100 years ago it was realized that we needed to plant trees. Various laws were enacted on how forests where to be managed. That is why we have so much forest raw material today (about twice as much compared to hundred years ago). Had they not done so – Halland, south of Sweden, would probably have looked like certain parts of England. Green. With a lot of heathlands”, says Hans Theliander.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>How the forest should be used best is discussed extensively by the various actors in society, what opportunities do you see in the future?</strong></div> <div>“Everything is interconnected and complex. There is a lot of politics in the whole thing. I really hope you get the right side of the discussion about the forest. In general, one can probably say that there are very well-managed forests in Sweden – and somehow, we should be able to use it in a sustainable way, but not over-utilize anything. With smarter process technology, we can help you get a higher efficiency of what you pick out of the forest. You then get more per ton of set-aside forest”.</div> <div>“It is an important message about why you should refine process technology. Personally, I do not think it is effective when you burn the wood directly, but instead we will manufacture different materials and chemicals. That we then, after several re-cycles, use it as an energy source must be OK”.</div> <div>“Another important thing – is that we should be able to reuse and circulate materials in a good way. Here, the forest industry has been at the forefront when it comes to collect different paper/board products and how to use the fibers several times. It is a good start, but we have to become even better and also expand it to other fields”, Hans Theliander concludes.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Ann-Christine Nordin</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Read more:</strong><br /><br /><div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Wallenberg Wood Science Center</a><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><font color="#1166aa"><span style="font-weight:700"><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Treesearch</a></span></font></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><font color="#1166aa"><span style="font-weight:700"><a href=""></a></span></font><a href="/sv/Personal/Sidor/lisbeth-olsson.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Lisbeth Olsson</a><br /><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/paul-gatenholm.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Paul Gatenholm</a></span></div></div> <div><br /></div> ​Fri, 18 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0100 up battery production drive down carbon emissions significantly<p><b>​A common criticism of electric vehicle production is the high carbon emissions from battery production. But new research from Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden shows how scaling up production through enormous 'gigafactories' can cut the environmental impact significantly, compared to small-scale industrial production. And when the energy used to power the factories comes from green sources, the emissions can be reduced to roughly one quarter compared to results presented a few years back.</b></p><div>​The largest environmental impacts in electric vehicle manufacture usually result from the production of batteries. Over the last decade substantial research has been dedicated to analysing battery production processes to identify the steps with the highest impacts. But earlier data for such analysis has usually been derived from small-scale production facilities, or even pilot projects. </div> <div> </div> <div><span><span><span><span><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/PublishingImages/Porträttbilder/mudit_chordia_170x220.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Mudit Chordia" style="margin:15px;width:150px;height:194px" /></span></span></span></span></span>&quot;Today, however, global battery production capacity is scaling up massively, with gigawatt facilities being commissioned and constructed – and there is little research or data that analyses how this will affect emissions. A lot of research is still published that relies on older data sources stemming mostly from small-scale battery production, thereby skewing the understanding of the environmental impacts,&quot; explains Mudit Chordia, doctoral student at the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology, and lead author of the new study.</div> <div> </div> <div>To rectify this, the researchers used a life cycle assessment to remodel a commonly cited study relating to small scale production and combined it with updated data more representative of the most modern and state-of-the-art upcoming production facilities.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Our results revealed how upscaling battery production from megawatt to the gigawatt level yields significant reductions in energy usage per kilowatt hour of battery-storage capacity produced – up to 58%. The efficiency gains of large-scale production are highly significant,&quot; continues Mudit Chordia.</div> <div> </div> <div>When adjusting for different scenarios relating to the energy supply for such factories, even in the most carbon-intensive case (based on South Korea) the researchers observe an emissions reduction of nearly 45%. In addition, if the energy is supplied from low carbon-intensity sources, the emissions reduce by <em>a further</em> 55%. If regions with low carbon electricity supplies – such as northern Sweden, where construction of Europe’s largest battery factory is currently underway – are selected for the launch of battery production at giga-scale, the potential is very good for producing batteries with lowest possible environmental footprint. </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Access to data a challenge </h3> <div>Another important observation from the study is that with large-scale production, a greater proportion of the impacts shift further up the supply chain, to the raw material extraction and processing phases. A challenge to the researchers’ work was getting access to the relevant data to model the processes and accurately analyse the impacts. </div> <div> </div> <div><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/PublishingImages/Porträttbilder/AndersNordelof_170x220px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Anders Nordelöf" style="margin:15px 5px;width:150px;height:194px" /></span>&quot;In the course of our work, we found that life cycle assessment datasets often used for some of the battery raw materials, lack the coverage and precision necessary for modelling the high grade of material quality required in battery production. The supply chains for manufacturing are usually considered trade secrets, making it very challenging to collect data and to conduct a full analysis representative for all types of actors,&quot; explains Anders Nordelöf, researcher at Chalmers University of Technology and co-author of the study. </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;For further reductions of the environmental impacts from battery production, the manufacturers and wider battery industry need to make a focused effort on procuring raw materials from low-carbon intensity mineral extraction. But in such a competitive industry, this will remain a challenge for many actors.&quot; </div> <div> <br /><div><br /></div> <div><em>Text: Daniel Karlsson, Joshua Worth</em><br /><em>Foto: Chalmers samt via Northvolt</em></div> <br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More about the study: </h3> <div>The scientific study, <a href="" target="_blank">Environmental life cycle implications of upscaling lithium-ion battery production</a> by Chalmers University of Technology researchers Mudit Chordia and Anders Nordelöf, together with Linda Ager-Wick Ellingsen, Norsk institutt for naturforskning, was published in The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 2021.</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Contact information: </h3> <div><strong>Mudit Chordia</strong></div> <div>Doctoral student, Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology</div> <div><a href=""></a></div> <div>+46 31 772 6313<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>Anders Nordelöf</strong></div> <strong> </strong><div>Researcher, Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology</div> <div><a href=""> </a></div> <div>+46 31 772 8611<br /><br /></div>Tue, 08 Feb 2022 12:00:00 +0100 a sustainable hydrogen economy of tomorrow<p><b>​“Getting a node for vehicle research and hydrogen with its main focus in the western part of Sweden is fantastic. And it’s of course also great that we’ll now get a center that focuses on collaboration between different modes of transport,” says Tomas Grönstedt, coordinator of the competence center TechforH2, which now receives almost SEK 54 million from the Swedish Energy Agency in order to develop new technology in hydrogen propulsion as a step towards conversion to fossil freedom.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">It was just before Christmas that the Swedish Energy Agency announced their large investments in centers that research sustainable energy systems. A total of SEK 600 million is to be distributed in grants to eleven different competence centers, of which more than half are based at Chalmers - as the main applicant in four cases and co-applicants in two. The centers’ overall purpose is to build knowledge and competence that accelerates the transition away from the fossil society and strengthens Sweden's competitiveness.</span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div>One of the competence centers that receives grants from the Swedish Energy Agency is TechForH2 at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Studies, which receives almost SEK 54 million to develop new technology and innovations for the integration of hydrogen propulsion focused on heavier transports. The center's total budget, including funding from the industry and Chalmers, amounts to almost SEK 162 million over a five-year period in a first stage, with the possibility of extension for another five years.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Getting a node for vehicle research and hydrogen with its main focus in the western part of Sweden is fantastic. And it’s of course also great that we’ll now get a center that focuses on collaboration between different modes of transport. Personally, I’ve always enjoyed networking and seeking collaborations within the academy, it will be fun to be able to do this wholeheartedly,” says Tomas Grönstedt, professor of fluid dynamics at the Department of Mechanic and Maritime Studies and coordinator for TechForH2.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Hydrogen - for a fossil-free Sweden</h2> <div>To achieve Sweden's goal of zero net greenhouse gas emissions by 2045, a fossil-free transport system and renewable fuels are an absolute must. The focus so far has been mainly on the importance of electrification, especially in the automotive industry. But for heavier vehicles and trucks, which account for 30% of the transport system's total carbon dioxide emissions, electrification is somewhat trickier as it would entail a very large number of batteries to drive such heavy vehicles, which in turn comes with consequences in terms of weight, space and costs.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Subsequently, there has been a need for research that develops new technical solutions that reduce greenhouse gases and harmful emissions, that aren’t dependent on fossil energy sources, and that, at the same time, answers to the needs of the truck industry and other industries that depend on heavy transport, such as aviation.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>With the Swedish Energy Agency's major investment in TechForH2, the hope is now to be able to contribute to knowledge building and education in the area, accelerate the introduction of new technology and thereby contribute to the transition to fossil freedom. More specifically, TechForH2's focus areas will include composites and lightweight structures for vehicle-integrated hydrogen storage and the manufacture and post treatment of metallic materials for, among other things, hydrogen use and sensors. Additionally, the center will further research on fuel cells and vehicle integration and technology/instruments and innovations in a future hydrogen society.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">New recruitments on the way</h2> <div>TechForH2 is coordinated and led by Chalmers, which owns the center with RISE being an academic partner. A number of industry partners are also involved in the centre's activities; Volvo, Scania, PowerCell, JohnsonMatthey, Oxeon, GKN Aerospace, Insplorion, Siemens Energy and Stena.<span style="background-color:initial">The</span><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span style="background-color:initial"> Swedish Energy Agency's investment in TechForH2 means that it's now facing a staff expansion. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div> “With this funding, we’ll be able to recruit nine new PhD students. In addition, the Transport Area of Advance is contributing with a number of post-docs specialized in hydrogen use to co-finance Chalmers' operations, while partners from the industry contribute with their own operations to the same extent,” says Tomas Grönstedt.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>For more info about TechForH2, please contact <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/tomas-gronstedt.aspx">Tomas Grönstedt​</a>, coordinator of TechForH2</div> ​<br />Text: Lovisa Håkansson</div>Wed, 26 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100