Quantification of barrier effects of transport infrastructure
Transport infrastructure such as motorways and railways create highly effective connections on an urban, regional and national scale. At the same time, these infrastructures can also create barriers in local mobility systems. These barriers can have a series of negative consequences on e.g. social contacts within neighbourhoods and between neighbourhoods, access to facilities and to workplaces, on health and on possibilities for urban expansion.
Decisions concerning investment in infrastructure projects are usually based on extensive Impact Assessments. For many of the impacts, for example noise and pollution, quantitative and objective ways of measuring have been developed. However, assessments of barrier effects are usually based on qualitative and subjective estimations in the form of a few well-chosen words. This limits the possibility to include barrier effects in the overall evaluation of impacts and creates a risk that these important negative consequences of investments in transport infrastructure are undervalued or disregarded.
This research project aims to develop a GIS-based method for the quantification of barrier effects of transportation infrastructure. The objective is that the method should be able to be used in planning and evaluation of infrastructure projects.
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Professor Urban Design and Planning, Vice Head of Department Research, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Urban Design and Planning, Spatial Morphology Research Group
Lars Marcus is an architect and professor in Urban Design and leads the research group Spatial Morphology Group (SMoG). His research concerns how spatial form, as defined by architecture and urban...
Industrial Doctoral Student, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Urban Design and Planning, Spatial Morphology Research Group
Job is an urban planner at Ramboll and is a PhD student within the Spatial Morphology research group. He develops a method for the quantification of the barrier effects of motorways and railways in...
Associate Professor, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Urban Design and Planning, Spatial Morphology Research Group
Associate Professor in Urban Analytics and Informatics working in the topic of City Information Modelling (CIM). His primary research focus is on the conceptualisation and development of integrated...
- Swedish Transport Administration (Public, Sweden)
- Ramböll Sverige AB (Private, Sweden)
- VINNOVA (Public, Sweden)
- Centre for Management of the Built Environment (CMB) (Centre, Sweden)