In this project, funded by the Alliance of Automotive Manufacturers, the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) has teamed with SAFER to address the research question of whether or not vehicles meeting EU standards and vehicles meeting US standards are essentially equivalent in real-world safety performance. Phase 1 of the project is designed to assess feasibility in that it is investigated whether existing available datasets support analysis under the methodology proposed in the project application. Phase 2 carry out feasible analyses on datasets from both the EU and the US, as planned in Phase 1. The proposed methodology focuses on the idea that although exposure to the driving environment may be very different in the US and the EU vehicle testing is, in its essence, designed to assess risk and provide standards for maximum acceptable risk. Thus, the methodology for assessing essentially equivalent real-world performance should focus on measuring risk, independent of exposure, in the two regions and comparing the assessed risk. The results are expected to provide input in the negotiations of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) trade agreement.
Carol Flannagan (UMTRI)
András Bálint (SAFER & Chalmers)
UMTRI, Autoliv, VTI, CEESAR, TRL