GEN IV Integrated Oxide fuels recycling strategies (GENIORS)
The current open nuclear fuel cycle uses only a few percent of the energy contained in uranium. This efficiency can be greatly improved through the recycling of spent fuel (as done today in France for instance), including, in the longer term, multi-recycling strategies to be deployed in fast reactors. In this context, GENIORS addresses research and innovation in fuel cycle chemistry and physics for the optimisation of fuel design in line with the strategic research and innovation agenda and deployment strategy of SNETP, notably of its ESNII component. GENIORS focuses on reprocessing and fuel manufacture of MOX fuel potentially containing minor actinides, which would be reference fuel for the ASTRID and ALFREDO demonstrators.
More specifically, GENIORS will carry out research and innovation for developing compatible techniques for dissolution, reprocessing and manufacturing of innovative oxide fuels, potentially containing minor actinides, in a “fuel to fuel” approach taking into account safety issues under normal and mal-operation. It also considers the impacts of these strategies on the interim storage. For delivering a full picture of a MOX fuel cycle, GENIORS will work in close collaboration with the INSPYRE project on oxide fuels performance.
By implementing a three step approach (reinforcement of the scientific knowledge => process development and testing => system studies, safety and integration), GENIORS will lead to the provision of more science-based strategies for nuclear fuel management in the EU.
It will allow nuclear energy to contribute significantly to EU energy independence. In the longer term, it will facilitate the management of ultimate radioactive waste by reducing its volume and radio-toxicity.
At the longer term, a better understanding of a spent nuclear properties and behavior, at each step of the cycle will increase the safety of installations for interim storage during normal operation but also hypothetical accident scenarios.
- Polytechnic University of Milan (Academic, Italy)
- Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) (Academic, Germany)
- AREVA NC SA (Private, France)
- Ustav Anorganicke Chemie (Research Institute, Czech Republic)
- University of Leeds (Academic, United Kingdom)
- The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) (Research Institute, France)
- University of Twente (Academic, Netherlands)
- Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (Ciemat) (Research Institute, Spain)
- Institut de radioprotection et de sûreté nucléaire (IRSN) (Research Institute, France)
- LGI Consulting (Private, France)
- University of Manchester (Academic, United Kingdom)
- Czech Technical University in Prague (Academic, Czech Republic)
- University of Parma (Academic, Italy)
- University of Edinburgh (Academic, United Kingdom)
- University of Reading (Academic, United Kingdom)
- EU Joint Research Centre (JRC) (Public, Belgium)
- Electricite de France (EDF) (Private, France)
- Forschungszentrum Jülich (Private, Germany)
- Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) (Public, France)
- Lancaster University (Academic, United Kingdom)
- National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL) (Private, United Kingdom)
- Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology (ICTHJ) (Private, Poland)
- Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie (SCK-CEN) (Research Institute, Belgium)
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- European Commission (EC) (Public, Belgium)