News: Teknikens ekonomi och organisation related to Chalmers University of TechnologyMon, 23 Nov 2020 11:54:08 +0100 energy solutions key in accelerating the transition towards sustainable electricity systems<p><b>​Electricity systems around the world are undergoing a transition from fossil-based to renewable production of electricity. The transition can, however, be accomplished in radically different ways. The results of Kristina Hojcková’s doctoral thesis indicates that decentralised solutions, such as Smart-grid and Off-grid systems, could outpace the global Super-grid system.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​What challenges do you focus on your research?</h3> <div>&quot;The actual design of an electricity system powered by renewables remains unknown – and opinions on the direction of change differ greatly. Some believe that the renewable electricity system will be dominated by centralised global transmission (Super-grid), some imagine a future of local electricity distribution (Smart-grid), while others argue for self-sufficiency without the need for a conventional electricity grid (Off-grid). As a consequence, high-voltage transmission lines are being extended to supply electricity from large-scale remote wind parks; in parallel, local communities are building self-sufficient microgrids supplied by small-scale renewables and storage. The main challenge addressed in my research relates to the development of a diversity of competing system designs that make policy and investment decisions increasingly uncertain, hindering the pressing need to de-carbonise the electricity supply.&quot; </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem with your research?</h3> <div>&quot;I improve the existing knowledge by conducting in-depth case studies of real-world projects that promote alternative ways of building a de-carbonised system: the global high-voltage transmission Super-grid, and Smart-grid experiments in the shape of local blockchain-based peer-to-peer trading in Australia and the US. These case studies reveal the drivers and barriers for alternative electricity system designs and hence for the overall direction of the electricity system transition.&quot; </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings? </h3> <div>&quot;The main findings of both the Super- and Smart-grid systems is that from the technological perspective, solutions already exist, though mostly in the form of conceptual and computational models. The real challenge in both cases is to turn technological novelties into real-world solutions, to trial and improve their performance. My research shows that the most significant hurdles are political and regulatory and highlights the particular bottlenecks and strategies that differentiate these cases, indicating their chances of becoming the new dominant configuration.&quot; <br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;The research in this thesis suggests that the main point of difference lies in the ability to overcome regulatory lock-ins and enable experimentation to de-risk investment and guide the changes necessary for all low-carbon solutions. The results indicate that with their comparatively smaller sizes and capital requirements, Smart-grid and Off-grid systems could outpace Super-grid system development. Given the possibility of implementing and testing distributed energy technologies behind the meter and in regulatory sandboxes, these solutions are currently undergoing faster trial-and-error cycles that accelerate learning, advance performance, and decrease costs.&quot;<br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div>&quot;I hope my research can challenge narrow-minded and siloed thinking about the future of the electricity system and invites collective action in addressing the transition-related unknowns and trade-offs. For practitioners and policymakers, the map of alternative futures and the empirical findings can guide communication and negotiation on the complex path towards a low-carbon electricity future.&quot;<br /><br /><br /><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>Read the thesis: <a href="">&quot;Emerging networks of power: Exploring sociotechnical pathways towards future electricity systems based on renewable energy technologies&quot;<br /><br /></a></div> <div>The thesis defence will be online on Zoom, 26 November, at 10:00, see <a href="">link on thesis’ page</a> (pwd: 349829)<br /><br /></div> <div>More about <a href="/en/staff/Pages/hojckova.aspx">Kristina Hojcková<br /><br /><br /></a> </div>Mon, 23 Nov 2020 12:00:00 +0100 winning idea for an electric and sustainable society<p><b>​The new start-up Compular (formerly Svala Technologies), based on research from the Department of Physics at Chalmers, has been awarded the scholarship “Tänk: Om” by Göteborg Energi.</b></p>​The start-up develops a computational tool for analyzing molecular dynamics trajectories. The tool can be used in the development of new and better materials, such as electrolytes for the next generation of batteries, and thereby accelerate the transition towards a more sustainable society. <div><br /><div>The company is built upon the doctoral thesis work of Rasmus Andersson and Fabian Årén in Professor Patrik Johansson’s group at the Division of Material Physics. <span style="background-color:initial">Compular </span><span style="background-color:initial">is a Chalmers Ventures supported collaboration between the three researchers and three students at Chalmers School of Entrepreneurship: Emil Krutmeijer, Sirikun Loetsakwiman and Johannes Henriksson. </span></div> <span></span><div></div> <div><br />The “Tänk: Om” award acknowledges sustainable ideas and projects. In total, six projects share SEK 702 000.​<br /><br /><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:10px"><span style="font-weight:700">Text:</span> Mia Halleröd Palmgren, <a href="">​​</a><br /></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:10px"><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about the six winning projects</a> (In Swedish)</p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:10px"><a href="/en/departments/tme/school-of-entrepreneurship/venture-creation/Pages/Current-Projects.aspx" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more on the project </a></p> <br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/Blandade%20dimensioner%20inne%20i%20artikel/750svalacollage.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />Compular's founders: Rasmus Andersson, Fabian Årén, Patrik Johansson, <span style="background-color:initial"> Emil Krutmeijer, Sirikun Loetsakwiman and </span><span style="background-color:initial">Johannes Henriksson​.</span><br /></div></div>Wed, 11 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0100 with nanorobots must be investigated<p><b>​We live in a society permeated by technological development. We have everything from self-driving cars to AI tools assisting in medical assessments. So should we worry about the development of microscopically small nanorobots that could potentially do great good for health and the environment? Yes, says Chalmers researcher Rickard Arvidsson who has reviewed what we know about this new technology.</b></p><div>&quot;The research may be in its infancy, but there is every reason to act now when it comes to investigating risks. Why make the same mistakes that we have seen in previous medical and technical development?&quot;, says Rickard Arvidsson, researcher at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology.</div> <div> </div> <div>In a new literature study, Rickard Arvidsson, together with researcher Steffen Foss Hansen at the Technical University of Denmark, DTU, analyses the nanorobot research field. The largest use for nanorobots is in medicine, where they are developed to be able to attack tumors, dissolve blood clots or deliver medicines to a specific part of the body. But nanorobots could also be used in, for example, remediation of polluted water or land. The researchers looked specifically at three different types of nanorobots that have begun to be developed within the research field: helices, nanorods and DNA robots. In terms of the ability to deliver medicines to specific parts of the body, nanorods and DNA robots have come the furthest.</div> <div> </div> <div>Rickard Arvidsson explains that in the early days of nanosafety research, in the 2000s, there were ideas and thoughts that nanomaterials could be used to create self-replicating robots, which could multiply and, in a dystopian future, take over society. Today, however, the research field has moved towards focusing on passive nanomaterials, such as nanoparticles of various kinds.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Active materials, which include nanorobots, have largely fallen out of the radar. We want to resume focus on active nanomaterials with the ability to act independently, even if those that are developed today are not self-replicating&quot;, says Rickard Arvidsson.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Technology carries risks</h3> <div>Based on the study, the researchers identify a range of risks, or issues, that they believe society must explore to avoid that nanorobots may pose a danger or risk to health or the environment in the long run.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;In the intended uses, namely healthcare and remediation, exposure to nanorobots is inevitable. If they are to be used to deliver medicines, they must come into contact with the body and if they are to break down pollutants in the environment, they must come into contact with the environment. In this respect, nanorobots are similar to drugs and pesticides&quot;, says Rickard Arvidsson.</div> <div> </div> <div>The risk of exposure must therefore be taken very seriously, according to the researchers, as some of the nanorobots developed today contain problematic metals such as the environmentally hazardous silver and the allergenic nickel. In the case of DNA robots, extracorporeal DNA is injected into the body, which can potentially trigger immune reactions. At the same time, there is a risk that you may lose control of the robots once they are inside the body. UV light, which is used to propel certain nanorods, can also cause skin damage, and in the worst case, cancer.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Confusion over directives</h3> <div>In addition to more analyses of potential risks with nanorobots, there is also a need for greater clarity regarding which regulations nanorobots should fall under. This is an important aspect because it can determine what the work with risks looks like.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Today, there are basically no dedicated regulations for nanomaterials, and those that do exist usually concern passive nanoparticles. It is unclear whether nanorobots should be seen as a medicine or as a medical device. Depending on the category they fall into, different regulations apply at EU level. This is a key issue because it determines which tests should be done on the nanorobots&quot;, says Rickard Arvidsson.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Great potential with new technology</h3> <div>Do the potential risks outweigh the developments and advances that nanorobots can push for in areas such as medicine and health? In other words, do we as a society dare to continue to develop materials and applications increasingly similar to science fiction? It depends on whether we explore the risks first, say Rickard Arvidsson and Steffen Foss Hansen. The opportunities are great, although the technology must be developed much more. For example, several thousand nanorobots are needed to kill a cancerous tumor.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Our research is not about painting a dark future for nanorobots. We want to ensure that there is a positive use of the technology, based on reflexive and wise regulation, which can detect early signs of danger. We must also reconcile the public's perception of risk with the opportunities that nanorobots can provide&quot;, says Rickard Arvidsson.</div> <div> </div> <div>The researchers hope that their study can initiate a discussion and further research on active nanomaterials, and help initiating a dialogue on how nanorobots should be developed together with experts, researchers, manufacturers, and the pharmaceutical industry.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Above all, we want to avoid the technology becoming one in a series of mistakes that have occurred historically, such as the frivolous use of X-rays to remove hair or measure feet, or the use of the organic pesticide DDT, which is currently banned in many parts of the world&quot;, concludes Rickard Arvidsson.</div> <div> <br /><br /></div> <div>Read the article: <a href="">Environmental and health risks of nanorobots: an early review</a> in Environmental Science Nano<br /><br />More about <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/rickard-arvidsson.aspx">Rickard Arvidsson</a><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><em>The article is written as part of the research programme Mistra Environmental Nanosafety. It gathers six universities and several industrial partners, and aims to develop research, knowledge and best practice on risks associated with nanomaterials and their impact on our environment. It is funded by Mistra, the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research. Read more about the research programme at </em><a href=""><em></em></a></div> <div> </div>Tue, 03 Nov 2020 12:00:00 +0100 tool for better resource efficiency in products<p><b>​In her doctoral thesis, Siri Willskytt has investigated how products can become more resource efficient and reduce their environmental impact through various physical measures. Based on these results she has developed recommendations and a tool for product design. She has particularly studied consumables and seen that there is great potential to reduce the use of resources, for instance through the correct use of the product.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​What challenges do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div> </div> <div>“My research focuses on several challenges. Within the concept of circular economy, which aims to reduce resource losses in society through recirculation and extended use of products and their materials, there are many measures that are often prioritized according to a general hierarchy. These general rankings are not always valid, or relevant to all products, and can in some cases lead to increased material use and increased environmental impact. It is therefore important to identify which measures lead to resource efficiency and for what types of product these measures are suitable. The first challenge is to investigate what measures aimed at improving the use of resources and the environmental impact of products actually lead to its intended outcome.”<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>“These general rankings of measures can also be found in the world of product design. For the same reason as already mentioned, they are not always relevant or suitable.  To investigate whether a new product design leads to an environment and resource improvement, one can investigate the new product with the help of life cycle assessments. But conducting life cycle assessments is a time consuming and information-intensive method. There is therefore a need for design methods that point to which design recommendations for resource efficiency are suitable for different products, and that inform about potential trade-offs in terms of increased resource use and environmental impact – without having to do a life cycle assessment.”</div> <div> </div> <div><br />“Another challenge is specifically what measures, both in general and in design, are possible for short-lived products such as food, packaging, soap, disposable products and short-lived components in long-lived products. These products have been somewhat overshadowed in research on circular economy compared to durable products.”  </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem with your research?</h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div>”My research contributes by examining for which products, with what characteristics, different measures are suitable for. This was done through analysis and synthesis of lessons learned from a large number of life cycle analyzes of various products and measures for resource efficiency. In addition to identifying measures linked to product characteristics, so-called “trade-offs” were also identified, that is, about potential shifts in increased resource use and environmental impact when introducing a measure. These lessons have also been further processed into design guidelines expressed as a tool. The tool accordingly helps the designer to find relevant design recommendations based on his product characteristics and also informs about possible trade-offs and how these can be avoided.”<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>“I have also conducted a life cycle assessment to investigate the potential to improve a specific consumable, namely incontinence products. That study examines four different measures that can be applied to different places of the product's life cycle.”</div> <div> </div> <div><br />“In addition, I have also investigated the extent to which general design guidelines, namely those that should be useful for all types of products to create more resource-efficient products, provide relevant recommendations for consumables.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings of your research? </h3> <div> </div> <div>”First, by showing that not all circular measures actually lead to improved environmental performance and resource use. Second, the identification of which product characteristics determine which measures are suitable for different products. Product characteristics are about whether a product is durable or consumable, how the product is used or not used during its lifetime and whether the product, for example, requires additional resources when used. These results show that a general ranking of measures is not useful, but it is the characteristics of products that determine what is possible and appropriate. This is important both in general for companies that work with resource efficiency and circular economy, but also specifically for product developers.”<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>“Another important contribution from my research is that it has highlighted what is possible to do with consumables. That is, both which physical measures and which design guidelines are suitable for different types of short-lived products and to show that there is great potential for reducing these products' resource use and environmental impact. For example, in the life cycle assessment of incontinence products, I showed that it was possible to improve the resource efficiency considerably by making sure that the user used a product that matched their real needs. This result highlighted that there is great potential to improve resource efficiency by improving the use of products.” </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div> </div> <div>“I hope that the dissertation, by pointing out important product characteristics to take into account, can guide companies, for example, in assessing which circular measures could suit their products in order to improve their resource efficiency. I also hope that designers use these lessons in their work through the design tools developed in my research to point out which actions and design recommendations are relevant to their product type. Furthermore, I hope that the thesis’ highlight on consumables will result in more circular economy research on consumables and their challenges.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /> </div> <div> </div> <div>The tool REDIG – Resource Efficient DesIgn Guidelines – can be <a href="">downloaded here</a> (see supplementary material)<br /><br /> </div> <div>Read the thesis: <a href="">“Resource efficient products in a circular economy – The case of consumables. From environmental and resource assessment to design guidelines” </a></div> <br />The thesis defence will be online on Zoom, 16 October at 10.00, see <a href="">link on the thesis’ page </a><br /><br /><div> </div> <div>More about <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/siri-willskytt.aspx">Siri Willskytt<br /><br /></a></div> <div> </div> Mon, 12 Oct 2020 10:00:00 +0200 school in AI within humanities and social sciences<p><b>​Four doctoral students from Chalmers participated in the first meeting of the WASP-HS graduate school when 35 doctoral students from several Swedish universities gathered to discuss and dive deeper in artificial intelligence within humanities and social sciences.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">WASP-HS research tackles the challenges and impact of upcoming technology shifts as well as contributing to the development of theory and practice of human and societal aspects of AI and autonomous systems, and in particular, focus on potential ethical, economic, labor market, social, cultural and legal aspects of technological transition.</span><div><br /></div> <div>Each of the doctoral students hold a position at a Swedish university as a member of one of the 16 research projects that are run in the WASP-HS program. The doctoral students from Chalmers that participated was Alicja Ostrowska, from department of Technology Management and Economics, and Mafalda Gamboa, Denitsa Saynova and Ziming Wang from the department of Computer Science and Engineering.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program – Humanities and Society (WASP-HS) is a ten-year research programme funded by the Wallenberg Foundations.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="">Read more about the WASP-HS graduate school. </a></div> <div><br /></div>Mon, 05 Oct 2020 07:00:00 +0200 to the EU’s work to electrify the transport sector<p><b>The climate change has long been a driving force for the electrification of the transport sector, but the benefit to the environment has sometimes been questioned.​ “The new EU report shows that the electric car is less harmful to the environment than fossil-powered vehicles, but there are challenges when it comes to raw materials for battery production”, says Anders Nordelöf, leader of the SEC theme Electromobility in society and researcher at the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">T</span><span style="background-color:initial">he European Commission has taken a holistic approach and ordered a life cycle analysis to get answers on the environmental impact of different vehicle types. The aim is to summarize the research situation for the environmental assessment of vehicles in order to provide the Commission with a better basis for decision-making in its work to ​drive the electrification of the transport sector in order to reduce climate and environmental impact. </span><span style="background-color:initial">T</span><span style="background-color:initial">he compilation includes light and heavy vehicles powered by electric, hybrid and internal combustion engines, and is one of the largest compilations of research literature ever made within the field. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><strong>“Now that the research field</strong> is thoroughly reviewed and important messages from the research field have been assessed, it is appreciated to see that the work I did several years ago during my doctoral studies, is quoted several times”, says Anders Nordelöf.</div> <div>Above all, he refers to an article published in 2014 which was a literature review of the research field until 2013. Anders Nordelöf then studied fully electric vehicles, but also rechargeable hybrids. But just a few heavy vehicles because there were not so many studies at that time.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“My work was one of the major reviews of the research area. These are the same main lines you come back to here in the new report. I compiled and analyzed the research literature that existed based on method choices and system boundaries and outlined the types of LCA studies that answer certain types of questions”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>“In the EU's large report, </strong>they have also made their own calculations and methodological choices for different type vehicles. It is a broad compilation with over 300 different literature sources and a variety of actors such as Scania, Volvo Cars, IVL and Northvolt have contributed views”, says Anders Nordelöf.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The EU study then used additional parts of Anders Nordelöf’s research – computer models that he developed for driveline components and manufacturing processes within the framework of his PhD thesis. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>“You hope that what you</strong> do will contribute to knowledge building. So, it feels great when the work is used in such an important compilation which is then is passed on to decision-makers in the EU”.</div> <div>Anders Nordelöf describes his work as footwork for improved data quality in life cycle analysis on electric vehicles, which others can build on to make better analyzes.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>“This is how you should look </strong>at these inventory data models that I have developed. They are tools for LCA analysts, who then pass on their knowledge to decision makers. My work in this case is a subset of the bottom of the pyramid. I have contributions with some important stones for the foundation. Then, of course, I benefit from these models in my own research too”, he concludes.<br /><br />Text: Ann-Christine Nordin<br />Photo: Ulrika Ernström</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>More:</strong></div> <div>The EU: report <a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icpdf.png" alt="" />Determining the environmental impacts of conventional and alternatively fueled vehicles through LCA.</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The EU report cites and uses research described in five articles from Anders Nordelöf's dissertation. The doctoral project, which ended in 2017, was implemented with funding from the Energy area, and the data model development also received support from the <a href="">Swedish Electromobility Center.</a><br /><br /></div> <div><a href="/sv/personal/redigera/Sidor/anders-nordelof.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about Anders Nordelöf.</a></div>Fri, 02 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 will but few resources to handle social procurement in the construction sector<p><b>​Daniella Troje has studied how employment requirements, which is a type of social procurement criterion that aims to create job opportunities for long-term unemployed and marginalized people, affect organizations and individual actors in the construction sector. Her doctoral thesis shows that there is a great will to work with interns, but often both resources and proper knowledge are lacking.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​What challenges do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div> </div> <div>“To work with employment requirements and social procurement can spur new ways of thinking and organising; create new roles, actors and responsibilities; create new practices, knowledge and coordination needs; and create new business opportunities. I have investigated how this complex procurement criterion affect actors’ everyday work and what problems might occur along the way.”</div> <div></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem?</h3> <div> </div> <div>“My goal has always been to provide a deeper empirical, conceptual and theoretical examination of this issue. I hope that by doing so I can provide more insight into an under-researched phenomenon, as well as reveal concrete areas where practices need to change to be able to work with employment requirements more effectively and thereby enable maximum social value output.” </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“For my theoretical perspective I have used institutional theory. <em>Institutional work</em> is about the daily, mundane work that is carried out to either preserve old patterns of behavior and old ways of working, or to break them, or create new ones. I hope that my thesis provides some contextualization and empirical examples of how institutional work unfolds in practice and opening a debate of what institutional work really means in practice.” </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings of your research? </h3> <div> </div> <div>“My findings show how actors’ roles, identities and work practices change when they work with employment requirements and the interns that are hired through the requirements. Many have to go beyond their formal role description to work with the interns, and identities change from being someone who builds to also being someone who takes care of others. Generally, the will to work with employment requirements and the interns is large, but many feel as they lack resources and knowledge exchange with others. To overcome these issues, they create new local practices to be able to handle the employment requirements and the interns.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“I also identified four different areas of drivers and barriers for working with employment requirements. For example, one driver for actors working on a strategic level is that employment requirements can function as a recruitment tool, while for actors on a more operative level it is instead a barrier as many of the interns lack education and experience for the job tasks they are expected to do. I have also found that actors who work with employment requirements conduct different types of institutional work, and that the interns also conduct institutional work because of their ‘strangeness’ in the institutional environment, despite being unaware of doing so.” </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> “I hope that my research leads to an increased interest to study social procurement, and to study phenomena which breaks with the institutional environment in general. I also hope that actors who work with or want to work with social procurement see how they must change their work practices so that employment requirements become established and not a fad soon forgotten. By doing so they can hopefully achieve both increased commercial and social value at the same time.” <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Read the thesis: <a href="">“Constructing Social Procurement: An Institutional Perspective on Working with Employment Requirements” </a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The thesis defence will be online on Zoom, 9 October at 13.15, <a href="">see link on the thesis’ page </a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>More about <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/daniella-petersen.aspx">Daniella Troje </a></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div>Thu, 01 Oct 2020 15:30:00 +0200 circular economy is far from circular when it comes to scarce metals<p><b>​Many of our modern products, not least electronics, contain a large variety of potentially scarce metals. In his doctoral thesis, Hampus André has examined effects of circular measures, such as long-life design, reuse and repair, on mineral resource scarcity. He has also studied how different ways of prioritizing between mineral resources can affect conclusions drawn regarding circular measures and mineral resource scarcity.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​What challenges do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div> </div> <div>“Many modern products, for example electronics, contain a large variety of metals. These metals may be potentially scarce, both in the short term for current generations and the products we produce and demand, and in longer terms, for future generations. There are great expectations on circular measures to reduce potential mineral resource scarcity but very little knowledge on what the real effects actually are. Basically, can they live up to the expectations or not?” </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Because scarcity of natural resources, such as mineral resources, is a concept which is both environmental and economic, it has been persistently debated what the most relevant problem to assess actually is. For instance, is scarcity most likely caused by geological rarity or extraction cost? Another question is how methods ought to be constructed in order to purposively address the different problem formulations.” </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Some of my contributions can hopefully clarify some things in such debated questions. This is important in order to be able to address the first mentioned challenge. We cannot reduce mineral resource scarcity if we are not clear with what we mean with terms such as scarcity and if we lack purposive methods which actually assess what we intend to assess.   </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem?</h3> <div>   “I have used a life cycle perspective to investigate the real effects of circular measures on the use of metals and potential mineral resource scarcity. This I have done both through case studies with companies whose businesses revolve around e.g. reuse and repair and by reviewing the scientific literature. “ </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“I have also compared different ways of prioritizing between mineral resources in methods which can be used to study effects of circular measures on mineral resource scarcity, such as life cycle assessment, material flow analysis and criticality assessment. Based on this comparison I have suggested how to make such methods more purposive. I have also taken part in the development of such a method which can purposively assess potential long-term scarcity in life cycle assessment.” </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings of your research? </h3> <div>“Circular measures do not necessarily reduce mineral resource scarcity. For instance, long-life designs and repair can require more metal use or other, potentially more scarce, metals. Depending on which metal uses increase and decrease, mineral resource scarcity can increase or decrease as effects of circular measures compared to “business-as-usual”. Important aspects to be aware of and consider in assessments are for instance how often components are replaced, for how long use can be extended through, for example, repair and design, and the recycling rates.“</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“The results also depend on which methods are used and their prioritizations between mineral resources. In the short term, the risk for scarcity, and thus prioritizations between resources, depend on aspects such as geopolitics. In the long term, prioritizations between mineral resources rather depend on aspects related to geology. Resources with greatest risk of scarcity in the short term are therefore widely different from the ones with greatest risk in the long term. An important methodological contribution is to clearly distinguish between such different aspects which may cause scarcity in different methods, such as geopolitics in methods with short time frames and geological aspects in methods with long term time frames.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div> </div> <div>“I hope the thesis, by pointing to important aspects to consider in these types of assessments, can guide companies and others in assessing which circular measures could fit their products in order to reduce potential mineral resource scarcity. Partly, such important aspects concern product characteristics, such as product lifetimes, and how often components are replaced. It also concerns methodological aspects. Assessments need to use methods which are distinct in terms of their time frames.” </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Potential causes of scarcity in the short term, say related to geopolitics, ought to be kept separate from potential causes of scarcity in the long term, say related to geology. Ultimately, this allows for identifying which metal uses risk to increase as effects of circular measures, making well-informed prioritizations on which metals to decrease the use of, and conversely, which metals to deliberately increase the use of in order to decrease the use of others.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Read the thesis: <a href="">“Assessing Mineral Resource Scarcity in a Circular Economy Context” </a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The thesis defence will be online on Zoom, 6 October at 10.00, <a href="">see link on the thesis’ page </a></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>More about <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/hampus-andre.aspx">Hampus André </a></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div>Tue, 29 Sep 2020 10:00:00 +0200 helping new-borns with breathing difficulties praised<p><b>A vital yet simple device in a life-changing situation – Maria Lindqvist receives the Karin Markides Innovation Award, for her role in the development of a unique product for respiratory assistance for new-borns.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Maria Lindqvist describes receiving the award, which this year is handed out for the fifth and final time, as &quot;fantastic and significant&quot;. </span><div>“I was completely shocked when Karin Markides called to tell me. I am proud and honoured to be given such a prestigious award, and the fact that this is the last time it will be awarded makes it even more special.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Helps new-borns with breathing difficulties</strong></div> <div>Maria Lindqvist receives the award for her work with the company Monivent – which she also co-founded – which has developed a product for respiratory assistance for new-borns. It all started in 2012, when she came into contact with external idea partners via the Entrepreneurship Programme at Chalmers together with her group.</div> <div>“I was on the educational track with biotechnology, life science and so on, and wanted to be in the medical industry. For me, working with something that feels meaningful and useful is important,” says Maria Lindqvist.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Simply explained, Monivent has developed a product that helps caregivers ensure effective and gentle care of new-borns who need help with breathing at birth.<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/20200701-20201231/Karin%20Markidespriset%202020/maria%20lindqvist%20340x205%20px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Maria Lindqvist." style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /></div> <div>“Starting the breathing in new-borns is a manual process where the amount of air is adjusted by hand. It is important to supply enough air to give the baby oxygen, but not so much as to cause damage to the lungs and brain. Our product can show what you should actually do during the treatment, and measures airflow to show volume, pressure, ventilation frequency and if there is a leak where the mask closes to the baby's mouth – to avoid air leaking away”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Flexible and smart solutions</strong></div> <div>From the company's side, it was important to find smart solutions on how to measure the flow.</div> <div>“From the beginning, the idea was to simply keep track of what you do. It was then developed into a unique concept of a smart mask. We have developed a module about half the size of a matchbox, which is attached to the face mask. This needed to be flexible and wireless. All calculations take place in the module and are displayed on a screen where you get the data. The most important information is also displayed with a LED on the module itself, so that the caregiver can focus on the child,” says Maria Lindqvist.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The flexibility and wireless nature of the module were important factors in the development.</div> <div>“In a stressed and complex situation, you want your equipment to be stripped down and simple – not lots of wires or cumbersome objects.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Tested at European hospitals</strong></div> <div>In 2017, a training product was released that was used in several European hospitals for training healthcare professionals.</div> <div>“This gave us important help from enthusiasts in the field who have given feedback on the clinical variant of the product. It is the same technology, but there’s a different process to get it CE-marked,” says Maria Lindqvist.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In July this year, the clinical product was released to a number of reference centres in Europe for a three-month trial period, to get a valuable user response and see if instructions need to be changed or clarified. After this, the product will be released on selected markets.</div> <div>“It has been an exciting and long road to get here”, says Maria Lindqvist.</div> <div>However, she cannot say too much about the future plans, as Monivent has recently been listed on the stock exchange.</div> <div>“We were in the right phase for this and it has turned out well. Now we can finance, before market expansion and take advantage of the interest we have seen in the product”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Aims to expand widely</strong></div> <div>Maria Lindqvist started as CEO of the company for four years but is now product manager and responsible for business development.</div> <div>“I now have more focus on the product and at the same time insight into the strategic parts. I enjoy these roles – both to get in touch with customers and to be out seeing how the product is useful. At the same time, I like the work of building companies, having grown from nothing to becoming a ‘real’ company with employees and being taken seriously – it is an exciting process”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Monivent currently has four full-time employees but aims to be able to expand and enter the market widely.</div> <div>“I hope the company grows so we can see our products come out and help healthcare staff. Treatment for new-borns is almost the same everywhere so we can support them in the same way around the world”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Text: </strong>Erik Krång</div> <div><strong>Photo:</strong> Leif Eliasson and Paul Wennerholm</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Facts / Karin Markides Innovation Award</strong></div> <div>Karin Markides was Chalmers' President during the years 2006-2015. The Award was established when she finished her assignment, to be awarded over the next five years. It must be given to a current or former student at Chalmers who has made a decisive contribution to Chalmers' innovation and utilisation work in research and education and contributed to long-term sustainable development.<br /><br /></div> <div>Karin Markides has been President of the American University of Armenia since 2019 and from 1 January 2021 she will be Chairman of the Board of the Technical University of Denmark, DTU.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Previous winners:</strong></div> <div>2019: <a href="/en/news/Pages/innovation-award-for-new-cancer-method.aspx">Francesco Gatto</a></div> <div>2018: <a href="/en/news/Pages/Innovation-award-goes-to-implant-innovator.aspx">Per Kjellin</a></div> <div>2017: <a href="/sv/nyheter/Sidor/KM-Innovationspris-2017.aspx">Andreas Lehner</a></div> <div>2016: <a href="/sv/institutioner/m2/nyheter/Sidor/Håkan-Richardsson-mottagare-av-Karin-Markides-pris-för-Årets-innovationsutmärkelse.aspx">Håkan Richardson​</a></div> <div><br /></div>Tue, 22 Sep 2020 11:00:00 +0200 can technological innovation be shaped to meet the grand challenges?<p><b>​Grand sustainability challenges call for new technologies. It is essential that these technologies develop in a way that brings social and environmental benefits. In his doctoral thesis, Johnn Andersson has developed a conceptual toolbox that may support efforts to analyze and shape technological innovation for a better future.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​What challenges do you focus on your research?</h3> <div> </div> <div>&quot;We are living in times of accelerating climate change and mass extinction of species, while human society is being torn apart by inequality. These grand challenges can be traced to our historical obsession with economic growth and the uncritical attitude towards technological innovation. But they also call for the development and diffusion of new technologies that can help us accomplish social and environmental objectives. In the end, we have to learn how to innovate differently.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How are you aiming to address or solve the problem with your research?</h3> <div> </div> <div>&quot;I focus on improving the conceptual tools we use to describe and analyze technological innovation. Although the last decades have seen a shift in focus among academics and politicians – from the growth of general economics, to the expansion of specific technologies – there is still a need to develop analytical approaches that account for the multidimensional outcomes of technological innovation. After all, what matters is not if a technology is developed and diffused, but rather how, where and when it influences broader society.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings of your research? </h3> <div> </div> <div>&quot;My main contribution is what I refer to as the ‘technological systems framework’. This is a conceptual toolbox that may support efforts to analyze and shape technological innovation. In particular, the ideas I have developed can be used to specify and define the technology field under investigation in a particular study, as well as to describe the characteristics of different development trajectories. But I also propose approaches to analyzing how these trajectories emerge and assessing their social and environmental consequences.&quot; <br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;In addition, I present case studies of innovation in marine and solar energy from a Swedish perspective. These cases highlight some of the challenges facing national policymakers and also offer insights that may inform the design of innovation policy. For example, I highlight the importance of having a clear political direction, using policy instruments that both stimulate and shape the development of new technologies, and ensuring that public investments result in both domestic and global payback.&quot; </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div> </div> <div>&quot;I hope that my contributions will lead to a further shift in focus among academics and policymakers – from stimulating the expansion of specific technologies, to shaping the direction of social and technical change towards a brighter future.&quot; </div> <div> </div> <div><br /> </div> <div><em>Text compliation: Daniel Karlsson</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>More about Johnn’s research: </div> <div> </div> <a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/The-right-support-helps-new-technology-companies-take-root-in-the-region-.aspx">The right support helps new tech companies take root</a> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Swedish-technology-policy-can-play-an-important-role-in-global-energy-transitions.aspx">Swedish technology policy can play an important role in global energy transitions</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Read the thesis <a href="">”Shape it until you make it: A conceptual foundation for efforts to analyze and shape technological innovation”</a><br /></div> <a href=""><div><br /> </div> </a><div> </div> <div>The thesis defence will be online on Zoom, 25 September 2020 at 13.15, <a href="">link will be published on thesis' page </a></div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>More about<a href="/en/Staff/Pages/johnn-andersson.aspx"> Johnn Andersson</a> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div>Thu, 17 Sep 2020 09:00:00 +0200 life cycle perspective described in four short films<p><b>​The Swedish Life Cycle Center (SLC), a competence center at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, launches four short films on life cycle thinking. The films give insight into the different uses of the life cycle perspective and life cycle assessment in partner organisations, and how collaboration is the key when moving forward.</b></p>​The films launched this week by the Swedish Life Cycle Center aim to explain the life cycle perspective in a broader context and increase understanding of the role of the life cycle perspective when making sustainable and long-term decisions. Three professionals with different perspectives, Eva Ahlner, Senior Advisor at Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Helle Herk-Hansen, Head of Environment at Vattenfall, and Holger Wallbaum, Professor in Sustainable building at Architecture and Civil Engineering at Chalmers University of Technology, talk about the use of the life cycle perspective and LCA in their respective organizations. The films have been produced within the project Swedish Platform for the Life Cycle Perspective, funded by the Swedish Energy Agency and partners of the Swedish Life Cycle Center.<div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">The four films</h3> <div><ul><li><a href="" target="_blank">The Life Cycle Perspective – The art of making good, long-term and sustainable decisions</a><br /><br /></li> <li><a href="" target="_blank">The Life Cycle Perspective at Chalmers University of Technology</a> <br />Holger Wallbaum, Professor in Sustainable building at Architecture and Civil Engineering at Chalmers University of Technology, explains how the life cycle perspective is included in both research and education and why the collaboration between the authorities, the academy and the civil society is important.<br /><br /></li> <li><a href="" target="_blank">The Life Cycle Perspective at Vattenfall</a> <br />Helle Herk-Hansen, Head of Environment at Vattenfall, gives insights into how a company works with the life cycle perspective and LCA to identifying the largest environmental impact within a product's value chain and how LCA makes it possible to be completely transparent concerning the environmental impact of an energy source.​<br /><br /></li> <li><a href="" target="_blank">The Life Cycle Perspective at the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency </a><br />Eva Ahlner, Senior Advisor at Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, explains how the agency works with the life cycle perspective to monitor consumption-based emissions in a globalized world and why having access to scientific and harmonized data is crucial for policymaking.<span style="background-color:initial">​</span></li></ul></div> <div></div> <div> <div><br /></div></div> <div>Text: Maria Rydberg</div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Swedish Life Cycle Center</h3> <div><a href="" target="_blank">Swedish Life Cycle Center</a> is a center of excellence for the advance of applied life cycle thinking in industry and other parts of society. Since the start in1996, Chalmers University of Technology has been the host of the center and host department is Technology Management and Economics (TME) and the center has a close collaboration with the Division of Environmental Systems Analysis. Swedish Life Cycle Center has 14 partners and is the host for a governmental collaboration with nine Swedish authorities. </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <div><strong>LinkedIn:</strong> <a href="" target="_blank">Swedish Life Cycle Center</a></div> <div><strong>Twitter: </strong><a href="" target="_blank">@Lifecyclecenter​</a></div></div></div>Thu, 25 Jun 2020 01:00:00 +0200 million to increase application of the life cycle perspective<p><b>​​The Swedish Energy Agency has granted Chalmers University of Technology, the host university for the Swedish Life Cycle Center, SEK 8.28 million in support of an innovation cluster for the life cycle perspective between 2020 and 2024. The project is intended to strengthen Swedish collaboration in the life cycle area and contribute to an increased exchange of know-how, skills development and understanding for the life cycle perspective in industry and other parts of society.</b></p><div>The project aims to increase the use of the life cycle perspective among more players in society and thereby contribute to increasing energy and resource efficiency, improving consumption and production patterns, and to Agenda 2030. </div> <div> </div> <div>The project has strong support from significant players in the form of co-funding from several industrial enterprises, universities, research institutes and public agencies. The project will be run by the Swedish Life Cycle Center, a competence centre at Chalmers University of Technology, which has been working together with industry, public agencies and research to meet and develop skills within the life cycle area since the 1990s. The Swedish Energy Agency has already financed “Swedish platform for the life cycle perspective”, a three-year project that was recently concluded.</div> <div> </div> <div>“We are incredibly proud to receive this funding from the Swedish Energy Agency and for the confidence the agency has in us to continue to build on the momentum that was created in the earlier project. We can see how the Swedish Energy Agency’s funding has enabled us to meet society’s increased demand for life cycle skills. Owing to the keen involvement of several different players, we reach out to many organisations, impact on important international initiatives and contribute to an important increase in skills development in society,” says Sara Palander, Director of the Swedish Life Cycle Center at Chalmers University of Technology.  </div> <div> </div> <div>The life cycle perspective involves considering the total impact of a product or service on the environment and on society through the entire value chain, from the extraction of raw materials to their disposal after use, and all the stages in between. The life cycle perspective enables us to identify where in the value chain the greatest impact lies. One of the primary advantages of applying a life cycle perspective is being able to establish the impact on the environment and on society of one’s products or services. It also makes it possible to avoid sub-optimal solutions – to avoid shifting the burden from one part of the chain to another. </div> <div> </div> <div>Chalmers, being the host university for the centre, has several nationally and internationally recognised researchers within LCA and LCM (life cycle management) and the project is expected to involve several researchers and doctoral students in its activities, such as in the project’s planned networking meetings for doctoral students and researchers as well as in new research collaborations. </div> <div> </div> <div>“The project is expected to contribute to the start of new research collaborations where representatives from the academic world, industry and public agencies can meet and contribute to the development of new methodology within LCA,” says Rickard Arvidsson, active researcher in environmental and sustainability assessments in the Division of Environmental Systems Analysis at Chalmers University of Technology, who is also the university’s representative on the centre’s steering group. </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Additional voices concerning the initiative: </h3> <div><em>“The innovation cluster will bring together the country’s life cycle experts and disseminate know-how about the life cycle perspective to more users, which is expected to increase the use of life cycle aseessments throughout the value chain and thereby be able to increase Swedish competitiveness.” </em></div> <div>Susanna Widstrand, Research Administrator, the Swedish Energy Agency</div> <div> </div> <div><em>“An increase in the application of the life cycle perspective is essential for increasing society’s resource efficiency and for innovations and new business models that contribute to a transition to sustainability. This project is an important component for promoting this transition and to achieve increased collaboration between different players in the value chain.” </em></div> <div>Lars Mårtensson, Environment and Innovation Director, Volvo Trucks, who is currently Chairman of the Board of the Swedish Life Cycle Center and the steering group for the innovation cluster.</div> <div> </div> <div><em>“The Swedish Energy Agency’s financial support is significant to enable an important and relevant collaboration to continue between the many different players within the Swedish Life Cycle Center and the ‘Swedish platform for the life cycle perspective’ project. Bearing in mind the increased focus on the circular economy, value chains and product transparency, it is necessary to develop and improve both the methodology and use of LCA for the future. At the same time, this funding makes it possible for the centre to keep up with the good work that was begun in the earlier project ‘Swedish platform for the life cycle perspective’.”</em></div> <div>Helle Herk-Hansen, Head of Environment at Vattenfall</div> <div> </div> <div><em>“The Swedish Energy Agency’s investment in the innovation cluster is incredibly important for continuing to strengthen Swedish collaboration and increasing the application of the life cycle perspective to more parts of society. There is an increased need for expertise, tools, methodology development, training and coordinating activities in this area – and this is where we can make a further contribution through this important initiative.” </em></div> <div>Anna Wikström, Acting Director, Swedish Life Cycle Center at Chalmers University of Technology. </div> <div> </div> <div>More information about the project and planned activities will be published shortly on the Swedish Life Cycle Center’s website <span><span><a href=""></a><a href=""><span style="display:inline-block"></span></a></span></span> and on social media.</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">The following organisations are involved in co-financing the project: </h3> <div>Chalmers University of Technology</div> <div>KTH Royal Institute of Technology</div> <div>Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SLU</div> <div>AB SKF</div> <div>Essity Hygiene and Health AB</div> <div>IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute</div> <div>Nouryon AB</div> <div>RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB</div> <div>Scania CV AB</div> <div>Sweco Environment AB</div> <div>Swedish Environmental Protection Agency</div> <div>Vattenfall AB</div> <div>Volvo Cars Corporation</div> <div>Volvo Technology AB</div> <div> <br /><br /></div> <div><a href="">&gt;&gt; Swedish Energy Agency´s news post about the project</a></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Swedish Life Cycle Center</h3> <div>Swedish Life Cycle Center is a national competence center at Chalmers University of Technology for credible and applied life cycle thinking in industry and society. The center was founded year 1996 as a collaboration between Nutek (later Vinnova), Chalmers University of Technology and a number of international enterprises. Swedish Life Cycle Center has today 14 partners and is host for a collaboration with nine Swedish government agencies (National Board of Housing, Building and Planning, Swedish Board of Agriculture, Swedish Consumer Agency, Swedish Energy Agency, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Swedish Geotechnical Institute (SGI), Swedish Transport Administration, the National Agency for Public Procurement and the Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis, Growth Analysis</div> <div>    </div> <div>The center is hosted by the Department of Technology Management and Economics and has a close collaboration with the division Environmental Systems Analysis. It is also part of the Chalmers Production Area of Advance.</div> <div> </div> <div>Swedish Life Cycle Center in social media: </div> <div>LinkedIn: <span><a href="">Swedish Life Cycle Center</a><a href=""><span style="display:inline-block"></span></a></span></div> <div>Twitter: <span><a href="">@Lifecyclecenter</a><a href=""><span style="display:inline-block"></span></a></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span><a href=""></a><a href=""><span style="display:inline-block"></span></a></span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Kontakt</strong></div> <div>Anna Wikström, Acting Director Swedish Life Cycle Center</div> <div>Department Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology</div> <div></div> <div>031-772 49 61</div> <div> </div> <div><em>Text: Daniel Karlsson and Anna Wikström</em></div>Tue, 23 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Workshop for Scholars in Innovation and Entrepreneurship<p><b>​Where to publish? What careers? University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology jointly hosted this year’s annual gathering of scholars in innovation and entrepreneurship. The workshop was organized by six separate digital workshop meetings, which brought together almost 40 participants, with main affiliations from 14 universities.</b></p><div>​<span>All the meetings took place on June 8-9, 2020. In order to participate, the PhD students and post-doctoral scholars had to answer a series of questions in advance.<span></span><span style="display:inline-block"><br /></span></span></div> <div><span><span style="display:inline-block"><br /></span></span></div> <div><div>On behalf of the larger organizing team:</div> <em> </em><div><em> </em></div> <em> </em><div><em>&quot;Thanks to everyone for participating! These discussions help build community of scholars in innovation and entrepreneurship, of scholars with close links to Sweden. Our academic community benefits, through career advice; breaking potential isolation in current work situation; and expanding research networks across universities&quot; </em> <br />Maureen McKelvey, Professor at University of Gothenburg and Karen Williams Middleton, Associate Professor at Chalmers.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The collaborating hosts in Gothenburg matched up the registered participants into groups, based on expertise and diversity of organization. Each group had an appointed established scholar as chairperson to lead the scientific discussions and an early career scholar as team leader to organize the practicalities.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Discussion focused around: research topics in the field; publication strategies; and future careers within innovation and entrepreneurship. Discussion also gave direct advice to the early career scholars – e.g. PhD students and post-doctoral scholars – in each group.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Download the form <a href=";languageId=100000&amp;assetKey=Research+Trajectory+Exercise">“Research Trajectory Exercise (RTE)”</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> <br /></div> <div> </div> <div>A few insights follow, from the rich and varied discussions:</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Patience and passion</h3> <div> </div> <div>One topic discussed was that patience and passion were the two most important characteristics for researchers.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;I had a very productive and rewarding day. We discussed my ongoing research and I received good feedback and comments&quot;, says Linus Brunnström, PhD student, University of Gothenburg</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>One group spent much time discussing different career choices and paths, where the established scholars told their stories and gave relevant advice about developing networks and believing in your research.</div> <div> </div> <div> <br /><img src="" alt="" style="margin:0px;width:750px;height:481px" /><br /><em>Photo: Screenshot from one of the group meetings</em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Research Design and Writing</h3> <div> </div> <div>Another topic related to research design, publications and writing, and the need to be very strategic in devoting time to writing for publications. Several groups discussed how and why modern scholarship requires a very solid research design – whereby the research questions, literature, data and methodology are aligned and interesting.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Recommendation: If one has a solid research design, then it should be possible to send to high-ranked journals. Read those journals carefully and see where the standards lie! One should only send to a journal if the paper has a reasonable chance of being sent out to reviewers.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>One group very much stressed the vital importance of finding dedicated time – not hours but days and weeks and months – to focus upon writing. Too many people find it too easy to find other things to do. Setting aside continuous and dedicated time to writing is crucial!</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Strategic Thinking about Future Career</h3> <div> </div> <div>Another topic involved strategic thinking about future career choices. Several groups pointed out that alumni from PhD education will increasingly have much more diverse careers than previously.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;The research trajectory exercise facilitated my career planning and vision by reflecting on key aspects such as my research position, and most importantly, my longterm goals as an academic&quot;, says Zanele Penny Lurafu, PhD student, Jönköping University.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>In addition to remaining in academia as researchers, alumni have many career options – such as teaching, analytical consultant, public policy, research institutes, and administration with universities.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Recommendations for early career scholar: Consider a portfolio of relevant activities to interact with society – as well as the portfolio of research publications; be aware the career ladder for professor is very competitive; Use the RTE to do annual strategic planning. Think serious about the wide variety of potential career paths.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Recommendations for PhD programs within the universities: Consider how to provide individual customization of advice and activities for alumni not staying within academia; Better explain the value of more general skills and analytical techniques, such as mastering ‘R’ and ‘NVivo’.<br /><br /><img src="" alt="" style="margin:0px;width:750px;height:429px" /><em>Photo: Screenshot from one of the group meetings</em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What next?</h3> <div> </div> <div> As a positive outcome of the current Covid-19 situation, the smaller groups run through a digital format allowed many more people to participate, distributed spatially. Many of the participants expressed interested in finding ways of continuing these discussions about research topics, publications and careers.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Chalmers and GU will jointly organize the annual meeting on June 7th and 8th 2021 in Gothenburg, amongst the established scholars in innovation and entrepreneurship.<br /></div> <div> <br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>By: Maureen McKelvey, Mats Lundqvist, Karen Williams Middleton, Viktor Ström<br /><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></div></div>Mon, 15 Jun 2020 14:00:00 +0200–-the-start-of-our-smart-society.aspx – the start of our smart society<p><b>​The Swedish auction of frequency bands for 5G this autumn will be the start of the next generation of mobile systems, which is expected to result in a plethora of new connected services. Which actors will drive innovation remains to be seen – but how trust is handled will be crucial. ​</b></p><p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Initially, we will primarily experience a significantly stronger mobile broadband, and the capacity to connect a larger number of units. 5G will also be ten times more energy efficient compared to 4G. Then, the notorious 5G boost of the Internet of Things will likely follow, and the expected revolution of industry, smart cities, cloud-based augmented reality and much more. Many industries have already launched connected services, based on other communication standards such as Wi-Fi or 4G.</span></p> <p>“Which is good, a rapid development gives competitive advantage. We learn as we go, and with 5G comes the opportunity to scale up”, says Tommy Svensson, researcher in Communication Systems.</p> <p>He believes this is an important revolution and exemplifies with the automotive industry.</p> <p>“Important aspects of their operations will be cloud-based, such as product updates to vehicles via the network and collection of data on maintenance needs, and we will see new traffic safety features thanks to fast communication to and in-between vehicles”, says Tommy Svensson.</p> <p>“There are still areas of development for 5G, such as AI that could self-optimize the networks, energy distribution to sensors, or to improve coverage in challenging areas across the globe”, says Tommy Svensson.</p> <p>The scenarios for the future are attractive, but what does it take for new technology to bring innovation on a broad front? Erik Bohlin at the Department of Technology Management and Economics studies regulation and competition in telecom. He says there is an ongoing debate about which actors are likely to drive the development.</p> <p>“Mobile operators need to be on their toes if they want to drive innovation in the 5G cloud. It is very likely that there will be other actors. Cloud services of today are mostly driven by other than mobile operators”, says Erik Bohlin.</p> <p>“With 5G there is a possibility to use more frequency bands, different frequency bands may be suitable for different purposes. There is also a discussion about allocating a frequency range for specific applications. Several countries in Europe have already taking this decision, including Sweden”, says Erik Bohlin.</p> <p>Some mean that it would benefit innovation to open the market for new actors to drive and develop new applications. Erik Bohlin and his colleagues have studied the current policies for telecom and frequency allocation and compared with available research on innovation systems. The analysis shows that today's regulation of the telecom market in Europe has mainly been focused on competition issues, to avoid any individual player becoming too dominant.</p> <p>However, with the launch of 5G, the issue of promoting innovation has been raised. But there is no simple answer on how to set up a frequency allocation auction in order to promote innovation, according to Erik Bohlin. Innovation is difficult to predict. He makes a historical comparison.</p> <p>“Many believed that 3G was going to boost innovation, but it was not until smartphones came that we saw an upswing. Nor could anyone predict that today's major business areas would be based on free services on the Internet, such as Google, Facebook and Spotify.”</p> <p>Most of the debate about 5G the last year has concerned security. High security requirements will be imposed on both operators and suppliers of infrastructure. In February it was decided that the Swedish Post and Telecom Authority (PTS), who are hosting the frequency auctions, needs to consult with the Swedish Security Service (Säpo) and the Swedish National Defense before granting any frequency permits.</p> <p>5G also enables new kinds of cloud services, but trust will be crucial in order to successfully provide these services.</p> <p>“In order to trust the telecom operators with these services, they need to ensure security, confidentiality, integrity. Some industry actors mean that they need to run their own services”, says Tomas Olovsson at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering.</p> <p>“If you look at the 5G network itself, the security need not be more challenging than for 4G. It's just a matter of moving data from a to b. Security can be handled in the same way as today, at a higher level in the applications”, says Tomas Olovsson.</p> <p>In terms of security, there are also benefits with 5G.</p> <p>“With 5G there is an opportunity to put parts of the security in the network itself and for some applications it can be a big advantage”, says Tomas Olovsson.</p> <p>For example, letting the network help authenticate the party you are communicating with in time-critical situations, or using a targeted radio signal, making wiretapping more difficult.</p> <p><br /></p> <p><em>Text: Malin Ulfvarson</em></p> <p><em>Illustration: Yen Strandqvist</em></p> <p><br /></p> <p><a href="">Republished from Chalmers magazine no. 1 2020</a> (In Swedish)</p> <p><br /></p> <p><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Information%20and%20Communication%20Technology/News%20events/CM/illustration5G_CM-nr1-20.jpg" alt="illustration of a connected city" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /><br /></p> <p>Also read: <a href="/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/5G-enables-communicating-gadgets-and-sustainability.aspx">5G enables communicating gadgets and sustainability</a></p> <p>​<br /></p>Mon, 15 Jun 2020 13:00:00 +0200 of patients explored in research project<p><b>​People living with chronic illness are often responsible for a large portion of their own care in their daily life. This makes them experts on how to live with the disease – a role that should be used to reshape the health care system. And patients can now contribute!</b></p><div>​Chalmers initiates a two-year research project focusing on the patient as an innovator. It is well-known that people living with chronic diseases or long-term conditions, learn how to live with and adapt to their illness. They are forced to learn about complex disease profiles and be diligent when observing symptoms, how they respond to treatment, and learn what it takes to improve quality of life. This experience can lead to innovations, and this group of patients – and their relatives – are an untapped source of knowledge and innovation.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Supporting the patient in taking initiative</h3> <div><span><img src="/sv/centrum/chi/Nyheter/PublishingImages/Andreas-Hellstrom.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:150px;height:195px" /></span>This is a research project that takes a totally new perspective, according to Andreas Hellström, research leader at Chalmers.</div> <div> </div> <div>“It has become more common to involve patients when developing processes and services in health care, but this project takes it one step further. We support the patients in taking initiative and taking the lead in the innovation process, which allows for completely new ideas and solutions. This is an area ripe for innovation, just waiting to be used”, says Andreas Hellström.</div> <div> </div> <div>For the patients to get the right conditions to drive innovation with a focus on how to live with chronic illness, there has to be the right structures in places in society, that are open for new ideas. This is exactly what this research project aims to study. </div> <div> </div> <div>“In this project we’re going to develop and evaluate strategies, tools and models to allow for citizens and patients to successfully act as innovators. We are going to document what has to be in place on a structural level to create the right conditions for innovations.”</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Researcher and living with a disease</h3> <div><span><img src="/sv/centrum/chi/Nyheter/PublishingImages/Sara-Riggare.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:150px;height:195px" /></span>Sara Riggare has Parkinson’s disease, and is part of the project management team. She meets her neurologist twice per year, the rest of the time she is her own primary care giver. Sara Riggare is also a PhD student at Uppsala University and has – among other things – developed a method for monitoring of medication. She is a well-known and outspoken patient advocate, not just in Sweden but also internationally, for enabling patients to contribute to innovations for a healthier life.</div> <div> </div> <div>“Today, there is nowhere to turn to if you want to develop new ideas, and because of this a large portion of patient knowledge is lost. The doctor doesn’t have all the information, and neither does the patient. I would wish for the cooperation between the patient and the health care providers to be more equal”, she says. </div> <div> </div> <div>Health care has a lot to gain from knowledge originating from people’s experiences of living with chronic illness – that is, a holistic view that includes health, everyday life and self-care.</div> <div> </div> <div>“The health care providers also have a role to play in this, it is not just about self-care and everyday life. We will also look for project participants who have ideas about what healthcare could do differently”, says Andreas Hellström.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Sharing experiences and learning together</h3> <div>The research project is based on so-called learning by doing. Patients or relatives will be invited to share their own experiences of trying to innovate in their health and selfcare. Together with researchers and innovation coaches they will develop and test strategies for innovation. The researchers will follow each step of the process and explore conditions necessary for good ideas to be tested and utilised.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /><strong>Would you like to participate in this project?</strong><a href=""> Read more here</a>.<br />You are also welcome to send an email to <a href="">Andreas Hellström</a>.<br /></div> <div><em> </em></div> <em> </em><div>The research project <em>Patienten som innovationsledare i välfärdssystemet </em>is funded by Vinnova and run in collaboration between Centre for Healthcare Improvement at Chalmers, Västra Götalandsregionen, the organization Forum Spetspatient, Kraftens hus, Coinnovate and C.S. Combined Services AB.</div> <div> </div> <div><br />Text: Malin Ulfvarson</div> <div>Photos: Carolina Pires Bertuol (Andreas Hellström), Christopher Kern (Sara Riggare)</div>Mon, 15 Jun 2020 12:00:00 +0200