News: Teknikens ekonomi och organisation related to Chalmers University of TechnologyTue, 05 Jul 2022 12:44:04 +0200 and Ikea spur innovation in sustainability with a competition<p><b>​Gamification to raise awareness of global sustainability, reuse of old furniture through the Ikea website and 3D-scanning to discover damage to returned furniture. These are a few of the ideas coming out of the Innovation Challenge, where Chalmers students developed innovations that could transform both Ikea’s products and their business operations.</b></p>​In a rapidly changing world, business and academic partnerships are becoming increasingly important. This is also true for a company like Ikea, which is looking to help secure a good foundation of competence among young talents to help tackle future challenges in retail, supply chain logistics and product development, to name just a few. <br /><br />This year, Chalmers University of Technology and <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> Supply collaborated in a new competition among students: Innovation Challenge. Here, students from the Industrial Engineering and Management program integrated theory and practice to conceptualize digital innovations to help <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> fulfill its vision of a more sustainable and circular future. Approximately 120 students were divided into twenty groups. The students presented their ideas for each other and a jury with Innovation Leaders at <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> Supply Development and Innovation Networks, who then selected three winners. <br /><br />Innovation Challenge also represents an opportunity for Chalmers students to get a first experience of real working life:<br /><br />“We designed the Innovation Challenge to enable our students to take the classroom into the real world and work on challenges that companies are facing today. In this manner, Chalmers can also create value for society that goes beyond the walls of the classroom. The students did an amazing job taking on <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>’s sustainability challenge, and I am so impressed with what they delivered,” says Robin Teigland, Professor in Management of Digitalization at the Department of Technology Management and Economics.<br /><br /><div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">New ideas to be tested</h3></div> <div>For <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>, the benefit is a contribution to their circular business model as well as specific feasible solution proposals to be further tested, developed and deployed.<br /></div> <br /><div>“We hope that coming together will bring new digital approaches, outside-in perspectives and smart solutions to real-life situations at home for our customers,” says Tomas Francl, who has worked with people and culture at <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> for over 20 years. <br /><br /></div> <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block">, who is a <a href="/en/news/Pages/Ikea-becomes-new-strategic-partner-for-Chalmers.aspx">strategic partner to Chalmers</a>,</span></span> also aims to further develop their cooperation with Chalmers:<br /><br />“Initiatives like the Innovation Challenge shall be maintained and developed further. Many <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> employees come from universities, and they have great experience with a high level of competence like the students from Chalmers possess. It’s a part of <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>’s strategy to innovate and develop together so this is a contributing step on that journey,” Tomas Francl continues. <br /><br /><div><br /></div> <div><em>The winning teams and their proposals, from the jury's motivations:</em></div> <br /><strong>”Smålandia Game”. Education for a sustainable tomorrow - for the many</strong><br />Team members, group 3: Hugo Dalhgren, Sofia Stjepanovic, Alva Jansson, Felicia Svensson, Oskar Kullner, Fanny Söderling.<br /><em>Group 3 skillfully combined digital education, Ikea’s customer needs and sustainability challenges in their concept of “Smålandia”. The long-term goal of the project is to educate the next generation of Ikea customers through gamification and mobile applications. The knowledge acquired in a gaming format is believed to raise awareness of sustainability globally to the next generation and give the right tools to make conscious purchases. This idea highlighted the importance of educating future generations by means of digital technologies and was recognized as imaginative and outside-of-the-box.</em> [Creativity Award] (Ikea Prize for uniqueness, simplicity and feasibility)<br /><br /><strong>”Ikea FYND” Using old furniture to make new homes special!</strong><br />Team members, group 5: Anna Garnbratt, Jens Sandgren, Ida Hansson Häggstrand, Casper Lindh. <br />“<em>Recycle your old Ikea furniture with profit and ease” - Group 5 found a way to reuse old Ikea furniture to make new homes special. Their concept FYND could enable customers to sell their old Ikea furniture to other customers within the official Ikea website. FYND would also facilitate first-hand-users to easily find a market to sell their products and allow Ikea to gather first-hand knowledge of sold products that could be evaluated and refurbished when brought back. With a clear design vision and a strong customer focus, group 5 was awarded the</em> [Customer Innovation Award] (Ikea Prize for customer centricity and building on existing Ikea strengths).<br /><br /><strong>“Scand3r for Ikea” Automated scanning and tracking of Ikea furniture.</strong><br />Team members, group 6: Tamas Nagy, Jonas Röst, Emil Nilsson, William Schmitz, Renato Roos Radevski, Ella Sibbmark. <br /><div><em>With SCAND3R, group 6 explored the technological opportunities of 3D-Scanning and RFID tags in Ikea’s business model. They found their use case in automatically scanning returned Ikea furniture to identify potential alterations or damages and developed a value proposition for both Ikea and their customers. In acknowledgement of a thorough technical analysis, including financial and security risks, group 6 was awarded the</em> [Technical Innovation Award] (Ikea Prize for technology and innovation)</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> The Innovation challenge was a collaboration between Ikea and the Entrepreneurship &amp; Strategy Division of Chalmers University of Technology and part of the course “Leading in a Digital World”, organised by Professor Robin Teigland with her PhD students Adrian Bumann and Maria Kandaurova.<br /><br /><br /><strong>For more information, please contact:</strong><br />Tomas Francl, Competence Development Area Leader IKEA Range &amp; Supply<br />People &amp; Culture at Inter IKEA<br /><a href=""></a><br />+46766190913<br /><br />Robin Teigland, Professor in Management of Digitalization at the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology<br /><a href=""></a><br />+46707814422<br /><br />Tue, 28 Jun 2022 08:00:00 +0200 lessons to be learnt from unique housing program<p><b>​Slightly more expensive, a little faster but with maintained quality and civic influence. But the most important goal was not reached in BoStad2021, the six-year long project to build more homes in Gothenburg. These are some of the conclusions in Chalmers' follow-up research of the unique venture. </b></p>​When 7,000 extra homes were to be built within the City of Gothenburg's program BoStad2021, the city planned for an unconventional construction process with a special organization and new working methods to build more homes in a shorter time. In 2015, Chalmers was commissioned to observe and research the initiative. The final report, which is now ready, answers both the question of how successful the venture has been, while at the same time pointing out important lessons to be learned in the future.     <br /><br /> – A gathered project organization with a clear mandate is necessary to improve progress and create a holistic view. The city's new organization for urban development seem to take this into account, but creates a risk of a glitch in the process between planning and implementation, says Anders Svensson, Chalmers' project manager for the overall research project.     <br /><br />Of the 7,000 planned homes, only 4,000 were completed by 2021, but the goal will be achieved in 2023. The fact that the goal was not reached within the time frame has several reasons, including that the conditions for many of the projects were more difficult than assumed. But just as important as the number of homes is the quality of what is being built, says Anders Svensson. <br /><br />Comparisons show that the quality of the projects within BoStad2021 was not worse than in compared projects in the ordinary production - but that it is a long way to go to the mixed-use city that the municipality and developers present as the ideal.     <br /><br /> – The quality did not deteriorate because the detailed planning phase went faster. But we can see that the gap between the ambition of a mixed-use city and the built reality is annoyingly large in the projects within the BoStad2021 program as well as outside. An important lesson for both the municipality and the developers should be to avoid plots that have neither the conditions to achieve housing quality nor a mixed-use city, says Anders Svensson.     <br /><br /><div>The report contains both overall conclusions about goal fulfillment and lessons learned that can contribute to a more efficient urban planning process.  </div> <div><br /></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Reports (available in Swedish):</h3></div> <div>Final report from the project: <a href="">Planera och bygga bostäder snabbare<br /></a></div> <div>All publications from the project: <a href=""><br /></a></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Participating researchers:</h3> <div>Jan Bröchner, Department of Technology Management and Economics<br />Joanna Gregorowicz-Kipszak, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering<br />Mathias Petter Gustafsson, <span>Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> <br />Anders Hagson, <span>Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering</span><br /><span><span>Anders Svensson, <span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></span><span><span>Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /></div>Tue, 28 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0200 of incentives for large-scale solar energy in Sweden<p><b>​Current regulations and subsidies have favoured small-scale ownership of photovoltaic systems in Sweden. This is shown in a new study from Chalmers University of Technology. To promote the construction of larger systems and solar-as-a-service, changes in regulations are required. Such changes in regulations can contribute to the national goal of reaching one hundred percent renewable electricity production by the year 2040.</b></p>​In recent years, the market for self-produced solar energy has exploded in Sweden. The reason is, among other things, high electricity prices and the ongoing climate change. But for those who do not have a roof of their own or the financial conditions to invest in a solar system, the alternatives are limited.<br /><br />&quot;If we are to be able to increase the amount of solar energy in Sweden, we must ensure that more people have access to solar photovoltaics, not just those with detached houses who can afford to buy a system&quot;, says Amanda Bankel, doctoral student at the division of Innovation and R&amp;D Management at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><br />The new study by Amanda Bankel and Ingrid Mignon, Associate Professor at the same division, has been published in the scientific journal Energy Policy. It shows that there is a lack of agreement in how researchers, policymakers and firms view solar business models. For instance, “community solar” business models have received much attention in research and policy at, for example, EU level. Community solar means that many people come together to produce, share, and consume renewable energy locally.<br /><br />However, such business models are hardly found among solar firms on the Swedish market. This does not imply that there are no energy communities in Sweden – only that firms do not see the need to design their business models for these customers. If Swedish policymakers want to increase the amount of solar energy through energy communities, they must also understand how firms that offer photovoltaic systems reason and what motivates them to specifically target energy communities, says Amanda Bankel.<br /><br />Other solutions that make it possible for customers to buy solar energy as a service through, for example, leasing, are also scarce in Sweden, despite having had a major impact in other countries, such as the US.<br /><br />&quot;Swedish policy instruments have favoured small-scale systems where the person who consumes the solar energy is the same one who buys and owns the system. Hence, it is not surprising that we see many firms offering these solutions and only a few that are aimed at people who do not want, or have the opportunity, to invest in their own system.&quot;<br /><br />&quot;If Sweden is to achieve its goal of 100 percent renewable electricity production by 2040, policymakers should ensure that more people have access to solar photovoltaics by promoting different types of solutions&quot;, says Amanda Bankel.<br /><div><div><br /></div> <div><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/AmandaBankel_600.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:450px" /><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/IngridJohanssonMignon_photoLaurentToudic_600.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:450px" /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /></div> <br /><div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em>Amanda Bankel and Ingrid Johansson Mignon.<span style="display:inline-block"></span></em></div> <br /></div> <br /><strong>About community solar</strong><br />Community solar involves many people coming together to produce, share, and consume renewable energy locally. They are described by the Swedish Energy Agency as an effective way to meet the challenges of energy transition.<br /><br /><strong>About leasing</strong><br />Leasing of solar photovoltaic means that you as a homeowner rent a photovoltaic system that is located on your own roof and owned by a leasing provider. Instead of making a large investment upfront, you pay a monthly fee to the firm that owns, operates, and maintains the system.  <br /><div><br /><br /></div> <div><span><span><em>Text: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /><em>Photo: Johan Bodell, Daniel Karlsson<span style="display:inline-block"></span></em></span></span><br /></div> <br /><br /><strong>About the study</strong><br />The study &quot;Solar business models from a firm perspective – an empirical study of the Swedish market&quot; is published in the scientific journal Energy Policy, volume 166, July 2022: <br /><span><a href="" target="_blank"></a><a href="" target="_blank"><span style="display:inline-block"></span></a></span><br /><br /><strong>Contacts</strong><br /><a href="/en/staff/Pages/amanda-bankel.aspx">Amanda Bankel</a>, doctoral student, Technology Management and Economics<br /><a href=""></a>, phone +46 31 772 1228<br /><br /><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Ingrid-Mignon.aspx">Ingrid Johansson Mignon</a>, Associate Professor, Technology Management and Economics<br /><a href=""></a>, phone +46  31 772 6329<br />Mon, 20 Jun 2022 08:00:00 +0200, mass aggregators and trolls in the messy patent world<p><b>​Patents may be helpful for commercializing new technologies and may effectively extend the boundaries of firms, but patents may also impose costs on other firms and to society. In his doctoral thesis, Tom Ewing investigates patent assertions via litigation and licensing to understand these activities and their roles in firm strategies.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​What challenge do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div>&quot;Most if not all commercial agreements regarding patents are confidential; most litigations settle on confidential terms; some patent holders are even known to hide the full extent of their patent portfolios using nests of shell companies. While patents are publicly available legal documents, knowing who owns them and what they are doing with them is not straightforward. So, the challenge here is to peek into this often messy and complex world to get a better grip on what's actually going on.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem with your research? </h3> <div>&quot;To get at this hidden data, I developed a set of chaining techniques that allow small bits of information about patents and/or their ownership or control to be assembled into a larger data mosaic that can then be meaningfully studied and compared with various theories of the firm.&quot;<br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings of your research?</h3> <div>&quot;I discovered various ways in which firms, particularly large ones, employ surrogates to achieve commercial objectives that would be difficult for these large firms to do by themselves. I named one of my discoveries 'patent privateering' because it resembles the way that warring nations in the past would commission pirates – known as privateers – to prey on the ships of their enemies. Patent privateering allows firms to use other, small patent-holding firms to complete commercial tasks with patents that they cannot do themselves without incurring various forms of retaliation from their competitors.&quot; (Explaining the pirates in the background of the photo) <br /><br /></div> <div>&quot;I also explored another service provider known as the 'patent mass aggregator' that spends billions of dollars to acquire patents and then commercializes them, including selling off small, concentrated bundles of patents to larger firms just when these firms need them for activities such as litigations. I have similarly investigated management decisions during litigations, and a class of firms known as patent assertion entities – also known as patent trolls. In summary, these specialty firms can be seen as strategic tools for extending the resources or boundaries for firms, particularly larger firms.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div>&quot;It would be fantastic if more and more data about the commercial side of patents became publicly available. At the moment, most of this data is hidden, which among other things, limits the types of markets that can develop to commercialize patents. So, an ultimate end goal would be the development of a more open and sustainable market for patent commercialization.&quot;</div> <div><br /><br /></div> <div><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /><em> </em><br /></div> <div>Read the thesis: <a href="" target="_blank">Exploring the Boundaries of Patent Commercialization Models via Litigation</a></div> <div><br /> </div> <div>The author will defend the thesis on 3 June 2022 at 13.15, <a href="" target="_blank">see link on the thesis’ page</a></div> <div><br />More about <a href="" target="_blank">Thomas Ewing</a></div> <div> </div>Mon, 30 May 2022 15:00:00 +0200 to the Northern LEAD Day, 21 April 2022<p><b>​​Welcome to an exciting half day where you get the chance to listen to the latest research findings in logistics, transport and supply chain.</b></p><div> Researchers from Chalmers and the University of Gothenburg present their research results and, as usual, you meet many old acquaintances, or make new contacts. We conclude with a network lunch. </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>When? </strong> Thursday 21 April 2022 at 09.00-12.00 followed by lunch</div> <div><strong>Where? </strong> SEB-salen, Handelshögskolan, Vasagatan 1, Göteborg</div> <div><strong>For whom?</strong> For those who are interested in logistics and transport and work at a company, an authority, university or other type of organisation</div> <div><strong>Charge? </strong>Free of charge!</div> <div><strong>Language? </strong> Presentations in English</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> PROGRAM</h2> <div> </div> <div>8:30 – 9:00 COFFEE AND MINGLE</div> <div> </div> <div>9:00  WELCOME</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>FANGTING ZHOU</strong></div> <div><em>Horizontal Cooperation in urban distribution logistics</em></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>KONSTANTINA KATSELA </strong></div> <div><em>Transport local, thing global: a study on urban freight micro-hubs</em></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>LOKESH KALAHASTHI</strong></div> <div><em>Autonomous deliveries and the impact on energy consumption</em></div> <div> </div> <div>10:00 COFFEE BREAK</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>ELMIRA PARVIZIOMRAN</strong></div> <div><em>Financing the sustainability transition of the transport system</em></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>ALYONA KHASLAVSKAYA</strong></div> <div><em>The effect of new services on the use of dry ports</em></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>JOHAN WOXENIUS</strong></div> <div><em>How do supply chains respond to disturbances by the pandemic and the war in Ukraine?</em></div> <div> </div> <div>CLOSING </div> <div>12.00 LUNCH </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <p></p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">REGISTRATION</h2> <p></p> <div><em>(If the registration form is not showing, <a href="" target="_blank">click here</a>)</em><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div>Thu, 31 Mar 2022 12:00:00 +0200 – Apply for funding for interdisciplinary research ideas within all energy fields<p><b>​Call: Invitation to apply for funding from Energy Area of Advance, for interdisciplinary research ideas within all energy fields. Chalmers Energy Area of Advance allocates 12 MSEK per year over 2023 and 2024 for interdisciplinary projects in the size of 1.25 - 2.5 MSEK/year for two years). The call is open for base funded faculty, externally funded faculty, and assistant professors.</b></p><strong>​</strong><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>The projects must focus on </strong><strong>aspects </strong>connected to a future sustainable energy system. It should be interdisciplinary and include expertise from at least two different research groups or two different research approaches or analyse the same question from two different angles. <br /><br /><strong>Example of two different approaches </strong>could be: theory + experiment, technology + behaviour, component + system, interviews + model, any method 1 + method 2. <br /><br /><strong>Collaboration with external partners</strong> is positive but remember that AoA-funding only can be used by employees at Chalmers, for details see below. It is also possible to form projects as a complement to already ongoing projects to add additional aspects.<br /><br /></span><div><strong>For instructions, see the template.</strong></div> <div>Special considerations will be given to projects that are connected to the following themes:</div> <div><strong>1.)</strong><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>Collaboration projects where scientists with projects further away from implementation collaborate with those that are close to implementation.</div> <div>If advice is needed, please contact Chalmers innovation office where Anne Alsholm, <a href="">​</a>, is the contact person for energy related questions.</div> <div><strong>2.)</strong><span style="white-space:pre"><strong> </strong></span>Research supporting resilient energy systems and European energy and energy technology autonomy.</div> <div>Evaluation criteria:</div> <div><ul><li>Relevance for the energy research field.</li> <li>Interdisciplinary (include expertise from at least two different research groups or two different research approaches, or analyse the same question from two different angles, see examples above).</li> <li>Scientific quality.</li> <li>Potential for successful implementation (competence, project- and time- plan etc).</li> <li>Potential for continuation in future externally funded projects is welcome but not mandatory.</li> <li>Also consider criteria as gender and the UN sustainability goals.</li></ul></div> <div>Costs that can be covered by AoA funding:</div> <div><ul><li>Salary for senior researchers including assistant professors (max 25% of full time, exceptions need to be motivated, names should be listed).</li> <li>Postdocs – full cost coverage (list name if already known. Write “to be announced” if so).</li> <li>S<span style="background-color:initial">alary for already employed postdocs must be motivated and the employees name should be listed.</span></li> <li>AoA funding cannot be used to recruit PhD students. However, PhD students already employed at Chalmers can work in the project (name should be listed).</li> <li>Relevant experiment or lab costs (max. 20% of total budget and costs should be specified).</li> <li>T<span style="background-color:initial">r</span><span style="background-color:initial">avel costs.</span></li></ul></div> <div><strong>Funds should be used</strong> during each budget-year as presented in your budget. Delays caused by legal rights of staff maybe accepted, but not delays caused by project management issues.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>The project proposal,</strong> of max. 4 A4 pages, should be sent to the Energy Area of Advance <a href=""></a> <strong>no later than 13th May 2022.</strong> <br /><br /><strong>A decision will be made</strong> by the management team Tomas Kåberger, Sonia Yeh, Cecilia Geijer, Anders Hellman and Annemarie Wöhri before summer.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>Please note that costs</strong> connected mobility, visiting researchers, support for applications, conferences, community building, seed funding or the equivalent that contribute to the strategic development of the Energy Area of Advance, can be applied for separately on an ongoing basis. Templates for this separate application can be found at <a href="">Chalmers intranet.</a> <br /><br /></div> <div><strong>Template interdisciplinary project proposal Energy Area of Advance</strong></div> <div>(max 4 A4 – after erasing the instructions)</div> <div>The application can be written in Swedish or English and should contain clear motivations for why the suggested project should be prioritised.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>Aim</strong>. Overreaching goal of the project (approx. 0.5 A4).<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>Project description.</strong> Background (problem description, state of the art, knowledge gap), Research question(s), Methods, Project plan including time plan and other relevant information, e.g. goals and milestones (approx. 2-3 A4).<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>Organisation and Budget.</strong> State affiliation (department and division) for the main project leader(s) and list names of people involved, both the researcher(s) that will take part of this funding as well as other researchers involved (if the project is larger than this funding). Main applicant should have a tenure position (permanent employment, faculty or specialist) at Chalmers or being assistant professor, but funds can be used by other Chalmers’ research staff categories. Please list a preliminary distribution of annual fund between different staff categories (approx. 0.5 A4).</div> <div>Co-funding option. Please specify in your application if you are willing to share your project proposal with our industry partners ABB, Göteborg Energi and Preem for eventual co-funding. If agreed upon, a project list including titles and participants are send out to our partners, followed by sending the full proposal upon further request.<br /><br /></div> <div><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>I do not want to share my proposal with Chalmers industry partners</div> <div><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>It is ok to share my proposal with ABB</div> <div><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>It is ok to share my proposal with Göteborg Energi</div> <div><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>It is ok to share my proposal with Preem<br /><br /></div> <div>CV. A maximum 2 pages CV for the main applicant(s) and if applicable also the researcher(s) that will use most of the funding.</div> Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0200 for ICT seed projects 2023<p><b> Call for proposals within ICT strategic areas and involving interdisciplinary approaches.​</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3" style="color:rgb(153, 51, 0)"><br /></h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Important dates:</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><ul><li><b>NEW! Submission date: </b><span>9 May, at 09.00</span>, 2022</li> <li><b>Notification:</b> mid-June, 2022</li> <li><b>Expected start of the project:</b> January 2023</li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Background</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><b>The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Area of Advance</b> (AoA) provides financial support for SEED projects, i.e., projects involving innovative ideas that can be a starting point for further collaborative research and joint funding applications. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>We will prioritize research projects that <strong>involve researchers from different research communities</strong> (for example across ICT departments or between ICT and other Areas of Advances) and who have not worked together before (i.e., have no joint projects/publications). </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Research projects involving a <strong>gender-balanced team and younger researchers</strong>, e.g., assistant professors, will be prioritized. Additionally, proposals related to <strong>sustainability</strong> and the UN Sustainable Development Goals are encouraged.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><b><em>Note: </em></b><em>Only researchers employed at Chalmers can apply and can be funded. PhD students cannot be supported by this call.  Applicants and co-applicants of research proposals funded in the 2021 and 2022 ICT SEED calls cannot apply. </em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><b>The total budget of the call is 1 MSEK.</b> We expect to fund 3-5 projects</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Details of the call</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><ul><li>The project should include at least two researchers from different divisions at Chalmers (preferably two different departments) who should have complementary expertise, and no joint projects/publications.</li> <li>Proposals involving teams with good gender balance and involving assistant professors will be prioritized.</li> <li>The project should contribute to sustainable development. </li> <li>The budget must be between 100 kSEK and 300 kSEK, including indirect costs (OH). The budget is mainly to cover personnel costs for Chalmers employees (but not PhD students). The budget cannot cover costs for equipment or travel costs to conferences/research visits. </li> <li>The project must start in early 2023 and should last 3-6 months. </li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What must the application contain?</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The application should be at most 3 pages long, font Times–Roman, size 11. In addition, max 1 page can be used for references. Finally, an additional one-page CV of each one of the applicants must be included (max 4 CVs). Proposals that do not comply with this format will be desk rejected (no review process).</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The proposal should include:</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>a)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>project title </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>b)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>name, e-mail, and affiliation (department, division) of the applicants</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>c)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>the research challenges addressed and the objective of the project; interdisciplinary aspects should be highlighted; also the applicant should discuss how the project contributes to sustainable development, preferably in relation to the <a href="" title="link to UN webpage">UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)</a>. Try to be specific and list the targets within each Goal that are addressed by your project.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>d)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>the project description </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>e)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>the expected outcome (including dissemination plan) and the plan for further research and funding acquisition</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>f)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>the project participants and the planned efforts</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>g)<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>the project budget and activity timeline
</div> <div><div><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Evaluation criteria</h3> <div><ul><li>Team composition</li> <li>Interdisciplinarity</li> <li>Novelty</li> <li>Relevance to AoA ICT and Chalmers research strategy as well as to SDG</li> <li>Dissemination plan</li> <li>Potential for further research and joint funding applications</li> <li>Budget and project feasibility​</li></ul></div></div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">Submission</span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The application should be submitted as <b>one PDF document</b>.<span style="background-color:initial"></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="" target="_blank" title="link to submission"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Submit​</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span><br /></span></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The proposals will be evaluated by the AoA ICT management group and selected Chalmers researchers.

</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b><br /></b></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b>Questions</b> can be addressed to <a href="">Erik Ström</a></span></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">General information about the ICT Area of Advance can be found at <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/ict/Pages/default.aspx"> ​</a></span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Information%20and%20Communication%20Technology/About%20us/IKT_logo_600px.jpg" alt="" /><span style="background-color:initial">​​<br /></span></div>Wed, 30 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0200 partnership with the life cycle perspective<p><b>​Working with the life cycle perspective is of strategic importance for more and more organizations. Swedish Life Cycle Center, hosted by Chalmers University of Technology, is a unique platform for collaboration. The Center has since 1996 brought together Swedish life cycle competence and front-running companies and has been instrumental in developing and adopting life cycle approaches in the Swedish society, whilst making important contributions to international initiatives. Now the Center is entering the next stage.</b></p><div>&quot;The need and demand for both life cycle information and life cycle competence continue to increase. The demands come from customers, consumers and investors, but we can also see more legal demands today, both at a national level and within the EU. Even companies that want to create advantages in the market and attract labor are applying and communicating the life cycle perspective&quot;, says Sara Palander, Director at Swedish Life Cycle Center.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>With 25 years of collaboration in the life cycle field, the Swedish Life Cycle Center continues its operation with several new partnerships between academia, research institutes, industry and government agencies. And on January 1, 2022, the Center entered stage 10 with three new years of collaboration and competence building activities, with over 500 professionals among its partner-network.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Some of the issues that will be addressed in the coming years are: circular economy, climate neutrality, Environmental Footprint (an initiative of the European Commission), life cycle data communication as well as biodiversity. New for this period is that the Center has appointed a Scientific director who will further increase the scientific quality.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;It is incredibly important to have a holistic view when working with sustainability. The life cycle perspective is therefore crucial for achieving our sustainability goals as a society, organization or company&quot;, says Lars Mårtensson, Chairman of the Swedish Life Cycle Center Board and Director environment and innovation at Volvo Trucks. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The Swedish Life Cycle Center plays an important role for all its actors within the Center to build networks, competence and influence future development. How the partnership is used is up to the partner. Some partners value the direct contact to the network and research. Others are engaged in expert groups that go in line with their organization’s agenda. And for some organizations, Swedish Life Cycle Center has been and is a key to their continuous work with life cycle related improvements.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>An example of a partner collaboration is the project “Innovation cluster for the life cycle perspective”, with funding from the Swedish Energy Agency and center partners. Thanks to this project there is an opportunity to spread knowledge about the life cycle perspective to a broader target group.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;Together with our new partners, we have the opportunity to strengthen the collaboration, exchange knowledge and work towards our vision: Credible and applied life cycle thinking globally. “Partnership is the new leadership” and based on that, I look forward to learn, being inspired and explore how we together can elaborate and expand our knowledge in, for example, circularity and climate neutrality&quot;, says Lars Mårtensson.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">About Swedish Life Cycle Center</h3> <div>Founded in 1996 and hosted by Chalmers University of Technology, the Swedish Life Cycle Center is a Center of Excellence and collaboration platform for academia, research institutes, industry and government agencies. It fosters competence-building and knowledge exchange in advancing and applying the life cycle field. With its multidisciplinary methodology and collaboration between researchers, practitioners and decision-makers, the Center is a recognised player in the field.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>The Center’s vision is “credible and applied life cycle thinking globally” and the mission is to work for the integration of the life cycle perspective into processes and decision-making in industry, government policy and other parts of society. It is a partner-driven collaboration, with the partners setting the agenda and managing all the activities. Today, the Center consists of a network of some 500 people (between the various partners) involved in research projects, working groups (for learning) and expert groups (for impact and influence), training (professionals and higher education) and in networking and communication activities (internal conferences, webinars etc.).</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Partners in 2022</strong></div> <div>CEVT, Chalmers University of Technology (host of the center), Electrolux, Essity, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Polestar Performance, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Scania, SKF, SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Vattenfall, Volvo Car Group, Volvo Group.</div> <div> </div> <div>Read more on <a href="" target="_blank"> </a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div>Mon, 28 Mar 2022 12:00:00 +0200 innovation in the digital economy – Why "ecosystems" matter<p><b>​In today's digital economy, the boundaries between the physical and digital are disappearing and innovation is no longer a firm or industry specific activity. Therefore, the future of industrial production involves leveraging digital technologies and exploiting data to foster continuous innovation and generating complementarities, that is, assets that are productive when used together. In this context, the concept of an ecosystem has become a powerful analogy to explain joint value creation where actors from multiple industries, including competitors, co-create value. However, there is a gap in scholarly understanding of the process of ecosystem emergence. Gouthanan Pushpananthan's doctoral thesis eliminates some of the inconsistencies regarding the emergence process of an ecosystem by studying the activities of an incumbent firm during a discontinuous technological change (DTC). </b></p><p></p> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What challenges do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Exponential advances in Internet of Things (IoT) technologies are dismantling firm- and industry-specific value creation processes. Today, value creation is becoming much larger than an individual firm or even an industry. Several scholars describe value creation and capture in an ecosystem, but few explore the process of ecosystem emergence.  Also, ecosystem scholars do not explain the capabilities needed to orchestrate value creation in an emerging ecosystem. Further, ecosystem research recognizes the significance of the keystone position in ecosystems. However, it is unclear how a keystone firm orchestrates activities in an emerging ecosystem. My thesis explores the emergence of an ecosystem, during a period of DTC, by studying the developing a new technology platform by an incumbent automotive manufacturer.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem with your research?</h3> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Extant research acknowledges that modularisation (i.e., breaking down a complex product or system into independent modules) and non-generic complementarities (i.e., assets that complement one another in a confined way) are important underpinnings of an ecosystem. For instance, Nespresso transformed the generic complementarity between coffee and coffee machines and transformed it into a ‘non-generic complementarity’ by designing capsules (or pods) and specialized machines for the capsules.  Thus, firms that develop modular products with non-generic complements can create ecosystems.&quot; </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;However, not all modular products (or platforms) develop into successful ecosystems. Further, incumbent firms in traditional industries are accustomed to operating in linear value chains with hierarchical organizing logic. With advancements in Information and Communications Technology, ICT, the organizing logic is moving away from integrated architecture, with one-to-one coupling between components, towards modular architecture with standardised interfaces. My thesis contributes to scholarly discourse on innovation ecosystems by explaining the transition of an incumbent firm’s internal platform onto an ‘external’ modular platform. The resulting modularization highlights an important distinction between modularity as understood in the traditional product development literature and modularity needed for the emergence of an ecosystem.&quot; </div> <div> </div> <div><br />&quot;By studying various activities, undertaken by an incumbent firm during a DTC, the thesis describes the process of ecosystem emergence. Further, the thesis presents the concept of “layered modularity” as a mechanism to support development of digital technologies for industrial products. It also shows how layered modularity facilitates generativity, which means that value is continuously created through unexpected combinations and unpredictable innovations. Further, the thesis makes contributions associated with the capabilities needed to orchestrate an innovation ecosystems.&quot; </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;The research was designed as an ethnographic in-depth case study of Volvo Car Group, an incumbent in the automotive industry. In particular, my thesis examines the developments related to autonomous driving (AD) technology, a DTC for the automotive industry.&quot; </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings? </h3> <div> </div> <div>&quot;This thesis makes three main contributions to literature on innovation ecosystems: (1) it describes ‘layered modularity’ as a design mechanism that facilitates joint value creation leading to the emergence of an innovation ecosystem, (2) it shows how developing physical products (such as devices or hardware platforms) and digital systems (such as IoT technologies or software) in distinct layers allows intertwining of divergent innovation activities and development methods, (3) it distinguishes between three distinct activities – cooperation, coordination and competition – that incumbents firms need to manage in order to become a keystone actor and orchestrate the ecosystem.&quot; </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;The findings presented in this thesis have important implications for manufacturing firms looking to leverage a DTC to create new ecosystems. The findings in my thesis will be useful for managers and executives, in industries facing a DTC, to better organize innovation activities in an ecosystem. The concept of layered modularity can help manufacturing firms integrate software and digital technologies with their product platforms, thereby intertwining a range of innovation trajectories. Also, my thesis addresses how manufacturing firms can balance between cooperation and competition amongst heterogonous actors in an innovation ecosystem.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div> <br /><br /><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>Read the thesis: <a href="" target="_blank">Becoming a keystone: How incumbents can leverage technological change to create ecosystems<br /><br /></a> </div> <div> </div> <div>The author will defend the thesis on 22 March 2022 at 13:15, see link on the <a href="">thesis' page</a><br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>More about <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/gouthanan-pushpananthan.aspx">Gouthanan Pushpananthan</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p></p>Thu, 17 Mar 2022 14:00:00 +0100's planning guide to balancing demand and supply<p><b>​Matching customer demand with supply capacity is crucial for high manufacturing business performance. In his doctoral thesis, Hafez Shurrab highlights tactical planning and the challenges encountered in complex manufacturing environments in the quest of demand-supply balancing.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What challenges do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Failing to balance demand and supply in manufacturing processes entails frequent swings between over- and undercapacity and consequently generates considerable financial losses. This is true for both engineer-to-order operations (ETO, for products requiring highly customized engineering such as ships, cranes or industrial facilities) and configured-to-order operations (CTO, for products consisting of countless combinations of standard systems, subsystems, and components, such as cars or electronic devices).  The reason is the constant pressure of substantial complexity, such as volatility, uncertainty and ambiguity. Manufacturers respond to such complexity by using planning processes that address the business’s needs and risks at various medium-term horizons, ranging from 3 months to 3 years.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Because the importance of decision-making increases exponentially as the horizon shrinks, understanding the interaction between complexity and demand-supply balancing requires extending findings reported in the literature on operations and supply chain planning and control. Therefore, my thesis addresses complexity’s impact on planning medium-term demand-supply balancing on three horizons: the strategic– tactical interface, the tactical level, and the tactical–operational interface.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem with your research?</h3> <div> </div> <div>&quot;To explore complexity’s impact on demand–supply balancing in planning processes, the thesis draws on five studies, the first two of which addressed customer order fulfillment in ETO operations. In the first study, I examined relevant tactical-level decisions, planning activities, and their interface with the complexity affecting demand–supply balancing at the strategic–tactical interface. The second study revealed the cross-functional mechanisms of integration affecting those decisions and activities and their impact on complexity. Next, the third study investigated areas of uncertainty, information-processing needs (IPNs), and information-processing mechanisms (IPMs) within sales and operations planning in ETO operations. By contrast, the studies that followed addressed material delivery schedules (MDSs) in CTO operations; whereas the fourth study identified complexity interactions causing MDS instability at the tactical–operational interface, the final study quantitatively explained how several factors affect MDS instability.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings? </h3></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;The thesis contributes to theory and practice by extending knowledge about relationships between complexity and demand–supply balancing within a medium-term horizon. Its theoretical contributions, in building upon and supporting the limited knowledge on tactical planning in complex manufacturing operations, consist of a detailed tactical-level planning framework, identifying IPNs generated by uncertainty, pinpointing causal and moderating factors of MDS instability, and balancing complexity-reducing and complexity-absorbing strategies, cross-functional integrative mechanisms, IPMs, and dimensions of planning process quality.&quot;<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Meanwhile, its practical contributions consist of concise yet holistic descriptions of relationships between complexity in context and in demand-supply balancing. Manufacturers can readily capitalize on those descriptions to develop and implement context-appropriate tactical-level planning processes that enable efficient, informed, and effective decision-making.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div> </div> <div>&quot;I hope my results lead to increased research and industrial interest in developing tactical planning and related tools in a more integrated way so that decision-makers at various levels encounter fewer uncertainties about resource allocation and higher flexibility for problem-solving. Such conditions facilitate better use of resources and more effective investments. Examples of expected investments can be initiatives for improving the scalability of capacity downstream and flexibility in supply chain order fulfillment upstream and initiatives for developing predictive machine learning models for identifying and managing demand- and supply-related uncertainties.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Read the thesis: <a href="" target="_blank">Balancing Demand and Supply in Complex Manufacturing Operations: Tactical-Level Planning Processes</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The author will defend the thesis on 21 March 2022 at 13:15, see link on the <a href="" target="_blank">thesis' page</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>More about <a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/hafez.aspx">Hafez Shurrab</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div>Tue, 08 Mar 2022 14:00:00 +0100 honorary doctorate to entrepreneurship researcher<p><b>​At Chalmers, entrepreneurship is at the heart of everything we do. Professor Saras D. Sarasvathy is now honoured for her outstanding contribution to our understanding of how entrepreneurs handle uncertainty, something that has had a major impact on innovation and entrepreneurship education.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Saras D. Sarasvathy is the Paul M. Hammaker Professor of Business Administration at University of Virginia’s Darden School of Business. She is also a professor at the Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, and at Nankai University in Tianjin, China.</span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div>Saras D. Sarasvathy is awarded an honorary doctorate at Chalmers in 2022 for her pioneering contributions to entrepreneurship research. Her studies of how expert entrepreneurs think, make decisions, and interact during the creation of new organisations and markets have fundamentally influenced the academic understanding of these processes and have also had major practical impact. For instance, her theories influence entrepreneurship education by describing how entrepreneurs can and do act rationally despite great uncertainty by cocreating means and goals together with self-selected stakeholders. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Sarasvathy's principles are an important part of several Chalmers educations, such as the master's programmes <em>Management and Economics of Innovation</em> and <em>Entrepreneurship and Business Design</em>. Her approach to managing entrepreneurial uncertainty has also contributed to the implementation of the Chalmers TRACKS programme. Sarasvathy collaborated with researchers at Chalmers for a long time. and was a Chalmers Jubilee professor in 2015.</div> </div>Tue, 15 Feb 2022 16:00:00 +0100 up battery production drive down carbon emissions significantly<p><b>​A common criticism of electric vehicle production is the high carbon emissions from battery production. But new research from Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden shows how scaling up production through enormous 'gigafactories' can cut the environmental impact significantly, compared to small-scale industrial production. And when the energy used to power the factories comes from green sources, the emissions can be reduced to roughly one quarter compared to results presented a few years back.</b></p><div>​The largest environmental impacts in electric vehicle manufacture usually result from the production of batteries. Over the last decade substantial research has been dedicated to analysing battery production processes to identify the steps with the highest impacts. But earlier data for such analysis has usually been derived from small-scale production facilities, or even pilot projects. </div> <div> </div> <div><span><span><span><span><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/PublishingImages/Porträttbilder/mudit_chordia_170x220.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Mudit Chordia" style="margin:15px;width:150px;height:194px" /></span></span></span></span></span>&quot;Today, however, global battery production capacity is scaling up massively, with gigawatt facilities being commissioned and constructed – and there is little research or data that analyses how this will affect emissions. A lot of research is still published that relies on older data sources stemming mostly from small-scale battery production, thereby skewing the understanding of the environmental impacts,&quot; explains Mudit Chordia, doctoral student at the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology, and lead author of the new study.</div> <div> </div> <div>To rectify this, the researchers used a life cycle assessment to remodel a commonly cited study relating to small scale production and combined it with updated data more representative of the most modern and state-of-the-art upcoming production facilities.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Our results revealed how upscaling battery production from megawatt to the gigawatt level yields significant reductions in energy usage per kilowatt hour of battery-storage capacity produced – up to 58%. The efficiency gains of large-scale production are highly significant,&quot; continues Mudit Chordia.</div> <div> </div> <div>When adjusting for different scenarios relating to the energy supply for such factories, even in the most carbon-intensive case (based on South Korea) the researchers observe an emissions reduction of nearly 45%. In addition, if the energy is supplied from low carbon-intensity sources, the emissions reduce by <em>a further</em> 55%. If regions with low carbon electricity supplies – such as northern Sweden, where construction of Europe’s largest battery factory is currently underway – are selected for the launch of battery production at giga-scale, the potential is very good for producing batteries with lowest possible environmental footprint. </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Access to data a challenge </h3> <div>Another important observation from the study is that with large-scale production, a greater proportion of the impacts shift further up the supply chain, to the raw material extraction and processing phases. A challenge to the researchers’ work was getting access to the relevant data to model the processes and accurately analyse the impacts. </div> <div> </div> <div><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/PublishingImages/Porträttbilder/AndersNordelof_170x220px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Anders Nordelöf" style="margin:15px 5px;width:150px;height:194px" /></span>&quot;In the course of our work, we found that life cycle assessment datasets often used for some of the battery raw materials, lack the coverage and precision necessary for modelling the high grade of material quality required in battery production. The supply chains for manufacturing are usually considered trade secrets, making it very challenging to collect data and to conduct a full analysis representative for all types of actors,&quot; explains Anders Nordelöf, researcher at Chalmers University of Technology and co-author of the study. </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;For further reductions of the environmental impacts from battery production, the manufacturers and wider battery industry need to make a focused effort on procuring raw materials from low-carbon intensity mineral extraction. But in such a competitive industry, this will remain a challenge for many actors.&quot; </div> <div> <br /><div><br /></div> <div><em>Text: Daniel Karlsson, Joshua Worth</em><br /><em>Foto: Chalmers samt via Northvolt</em></div> <br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More about the study: </h3> <div>The scientific study, <a href="" target="_blank">Environmental life cycle implications of upscaling lithium-ion battery production</a> by Chalmers University of Technology researchers Mudit Chordia and Anders Nordelöf, together with Linda Ager-Wick Ellingsen, Norsk institutt for naturforskning, was published in The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 2021.</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Contact information: </h3> <div><strong>Mudit Chordia</strong></div> <div>Doctoral student, Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology</div> <div><a href=""></a></div> <div>+46 31 772 6313<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>Anders Nordelöf</strong></div> <strong> </strong><div>Researcher, Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology</div> <div><a href=""> </a></div> <div>+46 31 772 8611<br /><br /></div>Tue, 08 Feb 2022 12:00:00 +0100 access to home delivery services<p><b>​The pandemic has revealed large variations in the accessibility to goods via online home delivery services. Those who may have the greatest need – such as the elderly in rural areas – have the least access. However, the new research from Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden, also shows a distinct improvement during the pandemic.</b></p><div>​The Covid-19 pandemic has increased the demand for home delivery of various types of goods, pharmacy products and food. But access to the services is not equal. The new study from Chalmers, published in the scientific journal Transport Policy, shows that marginalized groups have less chances of using online home delivery services.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;The results confirmed that online home delivery services were designed for homogeneous market segments, such as urban young citizens with medium to high income&quot;, says Associate Professor Ivan Sanchez-Diaz, who directed the study together with colleagues Associate Professor Ceren Altuntas Vural and Professor Árni Halldórsson at the Department of Technology Management and Economics.</div> <div> </div> <div>The research was conducted as a regional case study in Sweden. Selected geographic areas were linked to demographic indicators of the population, such as age, citizenship, education level and income. The data was later analysed together with the geographical coverage of logistics service providers during two occasions – the first wave of the pandemic in the spring of 2020 and the third wave of the pandemic in April 2021.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;The data from the spring of 2020 showed a market failure. Lack of accessibility to online home delivery services was determined by the location, which was compounded with certain demographic characteristics: older population, lower income and lower level of education&quot;, says Ceren Altuntas Vural.</div> <div> </div> <div>The proximity to a major city is a factor explaining accessibility. However, there were some areas within the city municipality with low access, and that tend to overlap with older population, and lower income. Simultaneously, some zones with high income outside the municipality have acceptable access to home delivery services.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Improvements during the pandemic</h3> <div>The second data set from April 2021 indicated that the coverage was improved, so there were some learnings from the pandemic. After the first two waves of the pandemic, the main changes were seen in pharmacies that went from 62% to 99% of coverage in home deliveries, and food that went from about 40% to 60% in coverage. In terms of parcels, small logistics players grew significantly both in scale and in scope of their home delivery services.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;This study shows the necessity of an inclusive service design. Logistics service providers and companies that want to provide home delivery services to their customers should not think that ‘one size fits all’. They need to increase focus on social sustainability and make sure that the services are designed in a way that enables accessibility to goods, even if the social status or location of certain customer groups lead to some market disadvantages&quot;, says Árni Halldórsson.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Lessons for companies and society</h3> <div>The researchers present some key learning points from the pandemic that can help companies to design more inclusive services:</div> <ul><li>Offering non-digital alternatives for payment, as not everyone has access to digital ID or payment services.</li> <li>Deliveries to pick-up points, although more efficient and environmentally sustainable, can be a challenge for people with limited mobility or when there is a risk of contagion so they may not be sufficient in terms of access to goods. </li> <li>Retailers and pharmacies should coordinate with different logistics companies to find ways to reach all customers at home in a cost-effective way. Also, when conditions do not allow for a cost-effective home delivery service, there should be a public or social organization that enable home delivery for the vulnerable population. </li></ul> <div> &quot;The study's conclusions are also important for policy makers, particularly for those who design public services for the elderly or people with certain disadvantages. There are a lot of potential synergies between business logistics activities and public services. A collaboration between these actors might yield to more inclusive and efficient home delivery logistics services&quot;, Ivan Sanchez-Diaz concludes.</div> <div> </div> <div>The researchers will continue their studies, including a greater focus on inequality in home deliveries of food.</div> <div> </div> <div><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/leveransforskare_750x340.jpg" alt="Forskarna vid Chalmers" style="margin:5px" /><br /><em>The researchers </em><span><span></span><em>Ivan Sanchez-Diaz, Ceren Altuntas Vural and Árni Halldórsson, Department of </em></span></span><span><span><span><em>T</em><span style="display:inline-block"></span><em>echnology Management and Economics</em></span></span></span><span><span><em>, Chalmers.</em><br /></span> </span><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">About the study<span></span></h3> <div>The researchers conducted a case study in Västra Götaland region of Sweden. A sample of postal codes within this region were selected for the analysis. Then some demographic indicators of the population registered to these postal codes were collected from national statistics. These indicators included age, citizenship, education level and income. </div> <div> </div> <div>The data was later analysed together with the geographical coverage of home delivery services provided by three logistics service providers that deliver parcels and two pharmacies that deliver prescribed drugs. Data was collected twice, during the first wave of the pandemic in the spring of 2020 and the third wave of the pandemic in April 2021.</div> <div> </div> <div>The results of the study were published in Transport Policy, vol 109: <a href="" target="_blank">&quot;Assessing the inequalities in access to online delivery services and the way COVID-19 pandemic affects marginalization&quot;</a></div> <div> </div> <div><span><div><em><br />Text: Daniel Karlsson</em></div> <div><em>Photo: Chalmers / CFFC (portrait, USDA - public domain (illustration photo)<br /></em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Contacts:</h3> <a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/ivan-sanchez.aspx"><div>Ivan Sanchez-Diaz</div> </a></span><span><span>Associate Professor, </span>Technology Management and Economics</span><span><div><a href=""></a>, +46 31 7725154 </div> <div><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/ivan-sanchez.aspx"><br /></a></div> <a href="/en/staff/Pages/ceren-altuntasvural.aspx" target="_blank"><div>Ceren Altuntas Vural</div> </a></span><span><span><span><span>Associate Professor, </span>T<span style="display:inline-block"></span>echnology Management and Economics</span></span></span><span><div><a href=""></a>, +46 31 7726903</div> <div><br /></div> <a href="/en/staff/Pages/arni-halldorsson.aspx"><div>Árni Halldórsson</div> </a></span><span><span><span><span>Professor, </span>T<span style="display:inline-block"></span>echnology Management and Economics</span></span></span><span><div><a href=""></a>, +46 31 772158</div></span></div></span><br /></div>Thu, 13 Jan 2022 10:00:00 +0100 managers and engineering students join forces<p><b>​Managers in healthcare in the Region Västra Götaland and engineering students at Chalmers will now have the opportunity to jointly find solutions to actual challenges in healthcare. By integrating course elements from two existing educations, there are opportunities for valuable knowledge exchange between professionals and students, which in the next step can benefit patients.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">The new collaborative project involves an integration of Chalmers’ commissioned education in quality-driven development for managers and business developers in healthcare and a course element in Chalmers’ master's education with focus on quality and operations management.​</span><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Collaboration with a clear connection to the daily activities</h3> <div>The purpose of the project, which runs to March 2024, is to weave ongoing development work within the Region Västra Götaland with Chalmers' educational efforts. The project will be possible after a joint project proposal from Chalmers and the Region Västra Götaland has been awarded research funding from the Swedish innovation agency Vinnova in the area of educational collaboration and work-integrated learning.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Udda%20format/Jan_Kilhamn_230x300.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />“We view this type of project with a clear connection to the daily activities very positively. Here, Chalmers, with its pragmatic and solution-oriented approach, is a very important partner to us. We have a common history of training initiatives for our business developers and managers and a consensus on what needs to be developed”, says Jan Kilhamn, acting director of health and medical care in the Region Västra Götaland.</div> <div><br />The education will be conducted at the Department of Technology Management and Economics and the Centre for Healthcare Improvement (CHI), which is an education and research centre at Chalmers within improvement, innovation and transformation of healthcare. Here you will find expertise in, for example, quality development, logistics, production planning, innovation and organisational learning.<br /><br /></div> <div>CHI offers education for healthcare professionals and for students in Chalmers' master's program and doctoral programmes. Since 2004, CHI has conducted a number of trainings for leaders and development managers in healthcare.<br /><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Udda%20format/Ida_Gremyr_230x300.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Ida Gremyr, professor of quality management and program manager for the master's program in quality and operations management, will lead the project.<br /><br /></div> <div>“The project aims to create a long-term platform for collaboration in development and improvement work between the Region Västra Götaland and Chalmers.&quot; <br /><br />&quot;We have worked together successfully with educational initiatives in lifelong learning for many years, but now we have the opportunity to develop it further. We also plan to make it scalable so that others can draw inspiration from us and our collaboration”, says Ida Gremyr.<br /><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><br /></div> <div><div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Problem solving of healthcare challenges</h3></div> <div>The healthcare managers will be able to present actual challenges from their activities and work together with the engineering students to find solutions to the problems. The teaching will, among other things, be conducted in case format.<br /><br /></div> <div>“As an employer we want to offer our employees an attractive environment. Not least, we want to give our younger employees the best possible conditions to make a good effort. Then this type of project is a very important and tangible tool for introducing improvement knowledge and for developing the operations and the individuals in parallel”, Jan Kilhamn continues.<br /><br /></div> <div>“By strengthening the exchange of knowledge and contacts between Chalmers and the Region Västra Götaland, we can both increase the students’ working life connection during the education and engage the professionals in lifelong learning. We also want to open the eyes to the public sector, and specifically the Region Västra Götaland, as a potential employer for many of our engineers&quot;, says Ida Gremyr.<br /><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Udda%20format/Patrik_Alexandersson_230x300.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />&quot;The planning of the new education has already begun and we hope that in the autumn of 2022 we will have found good ways to create integrated elements for master's courses and courses for professionals”, says Patrik Alexandersson, director at the Centre for Healthcare Improvement at Chalmers.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Attracting brain power to tomorrow's healthcare</h3> <div>The Region Västra Götaland region is one of Sweden's largest employers with approximately 55,000 employees and is responsible for health and medical care, culture, public transport and regional development in Västra Götaland.<br /><br /></div> <div>“Our residents do not want yesterday's healthcare. They want today's, and preferably tomorrow's, healthcare”, says Jan Kilhamn. “Thus, this type of project is of course also about the supply of skills. There, the pedagogical aspect of lifelong learning and continuous improvement that Chalmers offers is important for us to incorporate into our organization.”<br /><br /></div> <div>“In addition, we want to create the best possible conditions for digital solutions that make it easier for our residents. There is a clear connection between technology platforms and digital and digi-physical services for patients. It is about attracting brain power that wants to work with technology in healthcare”, concludes Jan Kilhamn.<br /><br /><div><span style="background-color:initial"><em>Captions:</em></span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>The upper picture: Jan Kilhamn, acting director of health and medical care in the Västra Götaland Region. Photo: Carina Fyrberg.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>The middle picture: Ida Gremyr, professor of quality management and program manager for the master's program in quality and operations management at Chalmers. Photo: Chalmers / CFFC.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>The bottom picture: Patrik Alexandersson, director at the Centre for Healthcare Improvement at Chalmers. Photo: Chalmers / CFFC.</em></div> <br />Text: Linda Wallgren Jirvén</div> <div><br /></div> ​Mon, 10 Jan 2022 15:00:00 +0100 Active – collaboration for the health of the future<p><b>​​Chalmers University of Technology, the University of Gothenburg and former ice hockey star Henrik Lundqvist are some of the parties behind the new investment in sports research and the future of health – GoCo Active.</b></p><div>The investment is made with GoCo Health Innovation City at AstraZeneca in Mölndal as a base. A life science cluster in growth where business and academia are already working closely together. GoCo Active establishes a collaboration platform that will contribute with research-based knowledge, both to strengthen the health of the public and to give elite athletes the best possible conditions.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Puffbilder/Stefan%20Bengtsson_350x305.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="background-color:initial">&quot;GoCo Active will create an </span><span style="background-color:initial">arena for collaboration and interaction between researchers, students, athletes and the general public”, says Stefan Bengtsson, President and CEO of Chalmers University of Technology.  </span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>“As a National Sports University, and with research at the intersection between health and technology, Chalmers’ profile is ideally suited to the aims of the project. Contributing to improving health and development in this area feels like an important and exciting prospect.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>GoCo Active will serve as a meeting place in a new building directly adjacent to GoCo's other venture in Mölndal. A digital platform will also be created.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Puffbilder/Martin_Fagerstrom_Henrik_Lundqvist_350x305.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /></div> <div>&quot;We need to meet the health issues in society with new technologies, innovative solutions and new knowledge,&quot; says Martin Fagerström, assistant professor and active in Chalmers' Area of Advance Health Engineering. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;Tomorrow's health care is developing right now and it is happening at the intersection of researchers, practitioners in healthcare, business and individuals in need of care. This research is an important part of Chalmers' contribution to this collaboration.&quot;</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In addition to Chalmers, the University of Gothenburg and Henrik Lundqvist, Next step group, Vectura Fastigheter, Balder and AstraZeneca are behind the initiative. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><em>Captions:</em></div> <em> </em><div><br /></div> <em> </em><div><em>In the upper picture: Stefan Bengtsson, principal and CEO of Chalmers. Photo: </em><span style="background-color:initial"><i>Anna-Lena Lundqvist.</i></span></div> <em> </em><div><br /></div> <em> </em><div><em>In the bottom picture: Martin Fagerström, assistant professor and </em><em>Co-director of Area of Advance Health Engineering, and Henrik Lundqvist. </em><span style="background-color:initial"><em>Photo: GoCo Health Innovation City</em></span></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div>Wed, 22 Dec 2021 18:00:00 +0100