News: Teknikens ekonomi och organisation related to Chalmers University of TechnologyTue, 13 Mar 2018 16:47:32 +0100 of household waste in focus for Renova&#39;s Environmental Grant 2018<p><b>From researching energy efficiency of freight transportation towards the end consumer, Chalmers researcher Jessica Wehner switches her focus to the transportation of household waste away from the point of consumption. She now receives Renova&#39;s Environmental Grant for 2018. &quot;Energy efficiency is as much about behaviours and attitudes as it is about technology,&quot; she says.</b></p><p>Jessica began her PhD studies in a research project called &quot;The Fifth Fuel&quot;, funded by the Swedish Energy Agency. The project is about increasing energy efficiency in freight transportation and logistics, which benefits both environment and economy. In logistics contexts, a term that is often used is &quot;the last mile&quot; - meaning the last leg of transport from retailer to household. The end consumer is recognised as playing a very important role in the process of increasing energy efficiency in the reversed supply chain.<br /><br />&quot;I got the idea of looking at the transportation of goods in an opposite direction,&quot; says Jessica. &quot;To see households as suppliers of waste in a reversed supply chain and the research makes an effort to initiate a new way of thinking towards waste collection .&quot;<br /><br />According to Jessica, energy efficiency is as much about behaviours and attitudes as it is about technology.<br /><br />&quot;I call the transport leg from households &quot;the first mile&quot;. The way in which the waste is collected, how it's sorted and where households leave their waste, is crucial to energy efficiency. Perhaps we need to reconsider today's methods for sorting and collecting&quot;, she says.<br /><br />Jessica conducts her research at Chalmers University of Technology, at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, Division of Service Management and Logistics. She plans to use the grant of 50,000 SEK to establish new collaborations with colleagues working on the same subject, including a colleague at the Hanken School of Economics in Helsinki who works with logistics regarding food waste supply chains. At the moment she is also working on a conference paper together with Chalmers colleagues Árni Halldórsson and Ceren Altuntas Vural.<br /><br />Jessica Wehner received the 2018 Environmental Grant at Renova's Annual Meeting on March 9, 2018.<br /><a href=""><br />Read more about Jessica Wehner's research<span style="display:inline-block"></span></a><br /><a href="">Read more about Renova's Environmental Grant and former fellows (in Swedish)</a><br /><br /></p>Mon, 12 Mar 2018 09:00:00 +0100 the life - cycle perspective around the world<p><b>​For more than two decades, the Swedish Life Cycle Center has been a driving force in developing the life-cycle perspective, both in Sweden and internationally. The centre has now been reorganised under the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology, which brings together academia, industry and government agencies to solve today&#39;s most important sustainability issues.</b></p><div>If we want to save the world, we have to work together. That's the basic conviction behind the Swedish Life Cycle Center, which has been a unique platform for expanding knowledge and developing and spreading the life cycle perspective in society since the mid-1990s. The goal is to enhance understanding of the environmental impact of our consumption and production patterns.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>In practice, taking a life-cycle perspective means assessing and creating an overall picture of the whole of a product's environmental impact through its entire value chain, from &quot;cradle to grave&quot;. This allows organisations to develop more sustainable products and services because it identifies at what points in the chain various measures will have the greatest chance of leading to improvements - from the extraction of raw materials to manufacturing and transport, to the product's use, recycling or disposal.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;It's a broad field with many perspectives,&quot; says project manager Carl Karheiding. &quot;Our job at the Swedish Life Cycle Center is to pull all the pieces together.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;It's about building up expertise, but also about integrating the knowledge we already have and making sure it comes to good use,&quot; says director Sara Palander.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Solving shared problems</h2> <div> </div> <div>The Swedish Life Cycle Center brings together companies, universities and government agencies, all of which must deal with similar thoughts and questions about the life-cycle perspective. One important element is to identify shared problems and to lay the foundations for new collaborations that can lead to solutions.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;What are the mutual, cross-sector issues? What needs does society have as a whole? These are the considerations we want to identify, and then see how we can combine our efforts to influence development. Many who work on life-cycle issues are fairly isolated in their industries. We can connect them with colleagues from other organisations, so they can exchange their experiences and find opportunities for new joint projects,&quot; Palander continues.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The Swedish Life Cycle Center is a partner-driven organisation that combines the expertise of universities, research institutes, government agencies and giant multinational companies to build up an extensive knowledge bank.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;If you work on life-cycle issues in the industry, or if your company has decided to adopt a life-cycle approach, then you are going to come into contact with us,&quot; Palander says.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Companies often say that collaborating through the Swedish Life Cycle Center gives them extra credibility in their own organisation's internal procedures,&quot; Karheiding adds.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Over the years, the Swedish Life Cycle Center has had a significant impact on developments in the life-cycle field, both in Sweden and globally. For example, the centre has initiated and provided expertise for new ISO standards, developed concrete tools to make it simpler to carry out life-cycle assessments (LCAs) and established an open LCA database.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Karheiding points out that knowledge in the field has grown a lot in recent years, particularly in the public sector. &quot;I think we are part of the reason that Swedish government agencies communicate better about life-cycle issues today and have improved their methods in the practice&quot;, he says.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Even outside the nation's borders, the Swedish Life Cycle Center is a recognised knowledge platform. Among other things, the centre has played an important role in developing international standards in the area and has also helped to build up a similar collaborative platform in northern Spain.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Resources and services flow globally,&quot; Sara Palander says, &quot;so we need to be able to handle processes globally.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/en/departments/tme/news/Documents/SaraCarlkollage_750x340.jpg" alt="SaraCarlkollage_750x340.jpg" style="margin:5px" /> </div> <div><strong><sup>Sara Palander</sup></strong><sup> and </sup><strong><sup>Carl Karheiding</sup></strong><sup> expand and spread knowledge about the life-cycle perspective in society.</sup></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3" style="text-align:center">&quot;Society's need for, interest in and awareness of the life-cycle perspective is growing all the time.&quot;</h3> <div style="text-align:center"><em>– Sara Palander, Swedish Life Cycle Center</em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Life-cycle perspective reaching more people</h2> <div> </div> <div>Recently the centre launched a new, open website in collaboration with a project entitled &quot;Swedish platform for the life-cycle perspective&quot;, funded by the Swedish Energy Agency. The goal is to enhance collaborations within Sweden and prompt even more organisations to begin taking a life-cycle approach; in addition, the centre aims to spread and develop the life-cycle perspective globally.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Our new website provides a forum for dialogue and sharing of material,&quot; Palander says. &quot;One important idea is that our partners will contribute to the content, thus helping to spread knowledge regarding life-cycle assessments. These are issues that cannot be managed individually, we need to find joint solutions to them.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Both Palander and Karheiding see an increasing need for the platform that the centre offers, as more parts of society adopt the life-cycle perspective. They expect to see it included more in consumer labelling and in the requirements in various types of procurements.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Palander says the life-cycle perspective will take an increasingly leading role as organisations develop more sustainable business models. &quot;Society's need for, interest in and awareness of the life-cycle perspective is growing all the time. We see new companies basing their entire business concept on the life-cycle perspective, and also that the idea is catching on more and more internationally - even in developing countries.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text: Ulrika Ernström</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">About: The Swedish Life Cycle Center</h4> <div> </div> <ul><li>The Swedish Life Cycle Center is Sweden's only national platform for the life-cycle perspective. It was founded through a joint initiative by Nutek (now VINNOVA), Chalmers University of Technology and several international organisations under the name CPM.<br /><br /></li> <li>Since the centre was founded in 1996, it has brought together representatives from universities, industry, research institutes and government agencies to discuss and promote the use of life-cycle assessments and related issues.<br /><br /></li> <li>The centre has 13 partners and hosts a collaborative group of seven Swedish government agencies.</li></ul> <div> </div> <div><strong> </strong></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>These organisations are a part of the centre</strong></div> <div>- AkzoNobel</div> <div>- AB Volvo</div> <div>- Chalmers University of Technology</div> <div>- Essity Hygiene and Health</div> <div>- IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute</div> <div>- Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)</div> <div>- NCC Sweden</div> <div>- RISE Research Institutes of Sweden</div> <div>- Sandvik Materials Technology</div> <div>- SKF</div> <div>- Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences</div> <div>- Vattenfall</div> <div>- Volvo Car Company</div> <div>- The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and six other authorities</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <ul><li>The centre's technical office has a staff of four: Sara Palander, director; Carl Karheiding, project manager and acting director in 2018; Anna Wikström, project manager; and Ulrika Georgsson, communications officer.<br /><br /></li> <li>The centre was previously organised by the Gothenburg Centre for Sustainable Development, GMV, but since January 2018 its new host is the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers.</li></ul> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Read more about the <a href="" target="_blank">Swedish Life Cycle Center </a><br /></div>Fri, 09 Mar 2018 09:00:00 +0100 some of the women in science<p><b>Academia has no room for gender inequality. What we do have room for, however, is research and education. Not only today but all year round, women here contribute to making the world a bit better. And today, on the International Women&#39;s Day, we want to highlight some of them.</b></p><div>Research in forefront, esteemed awards, and government assignments. At Chalmers, the Department of Technology Management and Economics, hundreds of women contribute to the development of society with their research, teaching and studies. We have chosen to present the amazing work which some of them have conducted that we have presented in articles during the last year - dated back to March 8, 2017.</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Untapped-gold-mine-is-lost-from-end-of-life-vehicles.aspx" target="_blank">Untapped gold mine is lost from end-of-life vehicles</a></div> <div><em>Maria Ljunggren Söderman, Researcher</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Procurement-requirements-to-solve-labor-shortages-in-construction-industry.aspx" target="_blank">Procurement to solve labor shortages in construction sector</a></div> <div><em>Daniella Petersen, PhD Student</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/She-studies-the-collaboration-on-the-dream-of-fusion.aspx" target="_blank">She studies the world's largest collaboration on the dream of fusion</a></div> <div><em>Anna Åberg, Assistant Professor</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/centres/CHI/news/Pages/Smart-IT-solutions-can-improve-the-lives-of-dementia-patients.aspx" target="_blank">Smart IT solutions for cognitive impairment</a></div> <div><em>Monica </em><em>Jurkeviciute</em><em>, PhD Student</em></div> <div> </div> <div> <a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/-How-to-strengthen-quality-improvement-in-healthcare.aspx" target="_blank">How to strengthen quality improvement in healthcare </a></div> <div><em>Sara Dahlin, PhD Student</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">The muddle of values and goals in collaboration</a></div> <div><em>Jane Webb, PhD Student</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">The antecedents and processes of business model innovation</a></div> <div><em>Sara Fallahi, Doctor</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">How to build strong venture teams in a landscape of uncertainty</a></div> <div><em>Pamela Nowell, PhD Student</em></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Artic<span></span><span style="display:inline-block"></span>les only available in Swedish</strong></div> <div> </div> <div><span><a href="" target="_blank">Chalmersstudent utsedd till årets Female Leader Engineer</a></span></div> <span><div><em>Cecilia Svennberg, student at Industrial Engineering and Management<br /></em></div> <div><span><br /><a href="" target="_blank">Hon forskar om kvalitetsförbättringar i sjukvården</a></span></div></span><div><span><em>Petra Apell,</em></span><span><em>PhD Student</em><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></div> <span><div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">Minska kläders miljöpåverkan - årets mest nedladdade avhandling</a></div></span><div><span><em>Sandra Roos, Doctor</em></span></div> <div><span><span><br /></span></span><a href=""><span><span>Start-ups i industriella nätverk - när relationer bygger innovationer</span></span></a></div> <span><div><em>Maria Landqvist, PhD Student</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">De globala frågorna avgörande för vår relevans</a></div> <div><em>Helene Ahlborg, Researcher</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">Hilary Bradbury blir ny jubileumsprofessor på TME</a></div> <div><em>Hilary Bradbury, Doctor<br /><br /></em></div> <div><span><a href="">Prisad forskning skapar ramar för Design Thinking</a></span></div></span><div><span><em>Lisa Carlgren, Researcher och Maria Elmquist, Head of Department and Professor</em><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></div> <div> </div> <div><span>We also want to highlight the pioneer Vera Sandberg, who became Chalmers' - and Sweden's - first female engineer when graduating in 1917 </span></div> <span><div><a href="" target="_blank">Vera Sandberg - Sveriges första kvinnliga ingenjör</a></div></span><div><span><em>Vera Sandberg, Engineer</em></span></div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">More good news - a selection of all achievements of our female researchers during the year</h4> <div> </div> <div><strong>Kajsa Hulthén</strong>, co-author of the publication &quot;Wroe Alderson, IMP and the evolution of theory&quot; that won the award Outstanding Paper in the 2017 Emerald Literati Network Awards for Excellence.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Ingrid Svensson</strong> and <strong>Pernilla Gluch</strong> won the Taylor and Francis award for best theoretically informed contribution with the publication <em>&quot;The role of objects for institutional work in energy efficient renovation&quot;</em></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Susanne Ollila</strong> is part of the extensive EU project, Iris, for environmentally friendly solutions - for example, within energy and sustainable transport.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Lisa Melander</strong> has been assigned a research grant from <em>Familjen Knut &amp; Ragnvi Jacobssons foundation</em>.</div> <div>She recieves the grant for green innovation in leading Swedish industrial companies.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Anna Bergek</strong> has been appointed by the government as a new member of the EUN (Energiutvecklingsnämnden) at the Swedish Energy Agency. EUN:s role is to decide how the government's energy research budget will be used to support research, development and innovation.<br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Maria Massaro</strong> has been awarded the Young Scholar Program Award from Pacific Telecommunications Council (PTC).</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Charlotta Kronblad</strong> was nominated as Legal Innovator of the Year during Swedish Legal Innovation Awards.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Henrikke Baumann</strong>, a first-generation researcher in life cycle analysis, has been a driving force in establishing the highly acclaimed research subject at Chalmers. She has now become Sweden's first professor in industrial and domestic ecologies.</div>Thu, 08 Mar 2018 09:00:00 +0100 gold mine is lost from end-of-life vehicles<p><b>Vast quantities of scarce metals are being lost from Europe&#39;s urban mine of vehicles, including 20 tonnes of gold each year - and the proportion of critical metals in vehicles is continuing to increase. A database is now being published that charts the metals and facilitates recycling. On 8 March Maria Ljunggren Söderman, researcher at Chalmers University of Technology, will present the results at IEA&#39;s expert meeting.</b></p><div>Metals, such as gold, cobalt and lithium, are an indispensable part of our batteries, mobile phones, electronic gadgets and vehicles. At the same time, Europe is highly dependent on imports of metals, which makes some of them critical for the EU.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;These metals are required for the ongoing transition to greener technologies, such as electric cars, solar cells, LED lighting and wind power, so any supply risks are a strategic and economic problem for the EU. What's more, these are finite resources that must be used in a sustainable way,&quot; says Maria Ljunggren Söderman, Researcher at Environmental Systems Analysis at Chalmers University of Technology.</div> <div> </div> <div>She is part of the extensive European research project Prosum, which has now compiled a new database with which to address the problem. The Urban Mine Platform - the only one of its kind in the world - charts what is known as the urban mine: the metals that are already in circulation and could be recycled from our end-of-life vehicles and electrical and electronic equipment.</div> <div> </div> <div>Maria Ljunggren Söderman has been responsible for the survey of the 260 million light-duty vehicles in Europe's vehicle fleet. She notes that the quantities of critical and scarce metals have increased substantially and that vehicles also now include many new metals.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;This is mainly because we are constructing increasingly advanced vehicles, with a great deal of electronics, lightweight materials and catalytic converters. The increase in the numbers of electric vehicles adds to this development, even though they so far represent a small proportion of the vehicle fleet,&quot; she says.</div> <div> </div> <div>One such example is neodymium, one of the rare earth metals (REM). It is estimated that by 2020 there will be nearly 18,000 tonnes of neodymium in the active vehicle fleet - nine times the amount present in the year 2000.</div> <div> </div> <div>Gold is another example - and the researchers were surprised by just how vast the quantities of hidden gold in our vehicles actually are. In 2015 there were an estimated 400 or so tonnes of gold in Europe's vehicle fleet, while the vehicles that left the fleet contained in the region of 20 tonnes of gold - which, in addition, was not recycled.</div> <div> </div> <div>This means that gold worth many hundreds of millions of euros is wasted - each year</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Our calculation shows that that the quantity of gold in end-of-life vehicles is now in the same order of magnitude as the quantity of electrical and electronic scrap. This is an increase that cannot be ignored,&quot; Ljunggren Söderman says.</div> <br /><img src="/en/departments/tme/news/Documents/Maria-L-Soderman_750x340.jpg" alt="Maria-L-Soderman_750x340.jpg" style="margin:5px" /><br /><strong><sup>Charting the gold that is wasted.</sup></strong><sup> The proportion of gold and other critical and scarce metals in vehicles has increased substantially in Europe. &quot;I don't think people are aware that they have such a large part of the periodic table in their cars,&quot; says Maria Ljunggren Söderman at Chalmers.</sup><br /><br /> <div>In general very little of the critical and scarce metals in vehicles is recycled. The major challenge is that they are spread out in small quantities; in a new car, for example, there may be a gram or two of gold distributed over several tens of components.</div> <div> </div> <div>But while the EU has clear requirements for the recycling of precious metals in electrical and electronic equipment, such stipulations are lacking as regards vehicles.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;There are no requirements or incentives for recycling gold from vehicles, but there are clear economic values here that I don't think people have realised the extent of,&quot; she says.</div> <div> </div> <div>She hopes that the research findings will spur on a change.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Automotive manufacturers and the recycling and material industries need to work together to ensure that something happens. It must be possible to do more than at present - after all, this has been achieved with electrical and electronic equipment,&quot; she says.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Having said that, gold is a comparatively low-hanging fruit, and the prospects for recycling other critical and scarce metals are significantly less favourable - from both electronics and electronic equipment and vehicles. If we want to alter this, policy changes may be necessary.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div>On 8 March she will present her research findings at an expert meeting on material trends and climate change within the area of transport, organised by the IEA, the International Energy Agency of the OECD countries. She emphasises that a change towards more recycling of metals is a key part of the EU's efforts to create a more circular economy.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;The critical and scarce metals in our products have increased substantially, and in most cases, we only use them once. This must be addressed, especially because these metals are required for many of the sustainable technological solutions that we currently have on the table,&quot; she says.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">FACTS<br />The database that charts Europe's urban mine</h4> <p></p> <ul><li>In the international EU project Prosum (Prospecting Secondary raw materials in the Urban mine and Mining wastes) 17 parties from universities, research institutes and expert organisations have together surveyed the quantities of critical and scarce metals that can be recycled from Europe's batteries, vehicles and electrical and electronic. The project is funded by the EU's Horizon 2020 research programme.</li> <li>The results are presented in the database called the Urban Mine Platform, which shows the route taken by the critical metals from when they enter the market until they become waste. The intention is to create a knowledge base to reduce the dependency on imports and harness the resources in end-of-life products more effectively.</li> <li>Chalmers Researcher Maria Ljunggren Söderman, from the Division of Environmental Systems Analysis in the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology, has been responsible for the survey of the vehicles in the project. Duncan Kushnir from Lund University and Amund N. Løvik from Empa in Switzerland have also participated in the vehicle survey.</li></ul> <p> <style> , , {margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;} .ExternalClass . {;} @page WordSection1 {size:612.0pt 792.0pt;margin:70.85pt 70.85pt 70.85pt;} .ExternalClass div.WordSection1 {page:WordSection1;} </style> <span></span><strong>Links<br /></strong></p> <p><a href="">Read more about the Prosum project</a><br /><a href="">Read the final report from Prosum</a><br /><a href="">Urban Mine Platform</a><br /><a href=";">Watch the film about the Urban Mine Platform</a><br /><br /></p> <p><strong>A few figures from the report</strong></p> <p></p> <ul><li>In the EU, Norway and Switzerland about 10 million tonnes of electrical and electronic equipment and 2 million tonnes of batteries are disposed of as waste each year, while 14 million tonnes of vehicles leave the fleet.</li> <li>On average every individual in the EU owns 250 kilograms of electrical and electronic equipment, 17 kilograms of batteries and nearly 600 kilograms of vehicles.</li> <li>One single smartphone contains about 40 critical and scarce metals, with a concentration of gold that is 25-30 times higher than in the richest gold ores.</li> <li><div>The EU's, Norway's and Switzerland's vehicle fleets in 2015 contained about 30 tonnes of gold in new vehicles that entered the market, about 400 tonnes of gold in vehicles in use, and about 20 tonnes of gold in vehicles leaving the fleet.</div> <div> </div></li></ul> <p></p> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4"><span></span>FACTS</h4> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Critical and scarce metals</h4> <p><span></span>The Urban Mine Platform charts geochemically scarce metals, which means metals with a low occurrence in the Earth's crust. Many of the metals are also on the EU's critical metals list, which means that they are very significant for Europe's economy, at the same time that the risk of limited availability is high, mainly due to the considerable dependency on imports.<br /></p> <p></p> <p><br /></p>Tue, 06 Mar 2018 12:00:00 +0100 muddle of values and goals in collaboration<p><b>​When people from different organisations work together, goals and values get all muddled up. So what does this mean for making joint work count? In her research, Jane Webb invites people to reflect on the way they interact with others during work between organisations. - If people can learn to live with the variety of goals and find a way to bring some of them together, real magic happens, she says.</b></p><div>Has working with people from other organisations become a value to pursue in and of itself? Jane Webb, PhD student at Chalmers, the Department of Technology Management and Economics, reflects on this question in her licentiate thesis: &quot;He just doesn't catch it in his heart.&quot; Untangling goals and values in inter-organisational collaboration.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Tell us about your research!</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>Today it’s common that people from many organisations work together to tackle societal challenges, like social exclusion or sustainability transitions. I spent time with people working in two examples of this, observing how they got their work done. I’ve called my thesis “He just doesn’t catch it in his heart”. This is a quote from someone telling me about his frustration when a partner didn’t seem to have the same idea as he did about what they were working together for. This got me wondering about the different goals people have for collaboration and the values that connect to these. I’ve analysed some of the goals and values in the two settings where I did fieldwork. I talk about what a web of goals and values means for finding a way to keep collaboration going.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Why is this important?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>Researchers and managers often take for granted that it’s possible to reach a shared understanding when it comes to the goals of inter-organisational collaboration. In my research, I talk about how such a sense of shared understanding may lead to people not putting in the time and effort to pick up on the wide variety of goals. Some of these goals may be complementary. Some may be in conflict. A lot of them are hidden until people really sit down and talk about it. I believe that collaboration itself is underwritten by a load of values about how people should interact with each other and what each person should put into the collaboration. Talking about expectations of what partnership entails on a regular basis helps people better understand these values and figure out how they can pursue a variety of goals.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Why do you find this area interesting?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>Goals and values are everyday words that we all use, whatever we work with, the whole time. It’s a very human topic. Researchers have put time into studying dynamics within a team, or between people working across different teams that are part of the same company/organisation. Something really exciting happens, though, when the team is made up of people who come from different organisations. Within an organisation, employees have a lot of shared reference points – the ways they get things done, the jargon they use, the different people they see as responsible for change initiatives…When a team is made up of people from different organisations, they have to shape something new. And it’s super-exciting to watch these processes!</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What are your most important research findings?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>I ask whether work between people from different organisations has become a value to pursue in and of itself. I encourage everyone taking part in inter-organisational collaboration to put effort into finding out about the variety of goals and values of their fellow participants. This helps create working practices that encourage many perspectives, something that helps with coming up with new approaches to the big issues facing society. </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Was there anything that surprised you during your research?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>My approach to research is always to follow my gut instinct – what matters to people and what is surprising to me during fieldwork are what I live for! I was pleased to find a topic for the licentiate thesis which allowed me to talk about both of the inter-organisational partnerships that I have studied. They are very different from one another. But considering how people talked about goals and values in both settings, helped me understand something new about each setting.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What new knowledge do you bring forward in your research?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>I pay attention to what happens when people from different organisations bring together personal goals and values, and the goals and values that they associate with their home organisations. I see this muddle of goals and values as adding a real energy to joint work. It can be frustrating and eat up a lot of time, but if people learn to live with the variety of goals and find a way to bring some of them together, then real magic happens.</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3" style="text-align:center">“My research is all about inviting people to reflect. If people think more about the way they interact with others, I’ll be very happy”</h3> <p style="text-align:center"></p> <div style="text-align:center"><em>- Jane Webb, Chalmers</em></div> <p></p> <div> </div> <div><strong>What do you hope for your research to lead to?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>I put the spotlight on some aspects that are important to be aware of when working with people from other organisations.  My research is all about inviting people to reflect – whether they’re participating in inter-organisational collaboration or are researching inter-organisational collaboration. If people think more about the way they interact with others and the research questions they’re asking, I’ll be very happy!</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What will be the next step in your research?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div><div>I’ll be continuing with fieldwork for most of 2018. Then I’ll take stock of all the material I’ve gathered. I’m lucky enough to have regular contact with the people of one partnership between fourteen organisations over two years – there’s a lot that I would love to write about! First things first though, I’ll present a conference paper in June 2018 where I get more into the ideas I’ve sketched out in the licentiate.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">FACTS, RESEARCH AND MORE INFORMATION</h4> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/janew.aspx">Jane Webb</a> is a PhD student at Chalmers, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Division of Entrepreneurship and Strategy. <br /><br />Read her licentiate thesis: <a href="" target="_blank">&quot;He just doesn't catch it in his heart.&quot; Untangling goals and values in inter-organisational collaboration.</a></div> <div> </div></div>Thu, 15 Feb 2018 09:00:00 +0100 to solve labor shortages in construction sector<p><b>Sweden is approaching the largest construction investment ever made, while the construction sector is lacking in construction workers. Chalmers researcher Daniella Petersen has examined how to create employment opportunities in the construction sector for long-term unemployed people through procurement.</b></p><div> <style> .ExternalClass p, , {margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;} .ExternalClass t {margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;} .ExternalClass r {;} .ExternalClass div.WordSection1 {page:WordSection1;} </style> &quot;I think it is unnecessary that we have unemployment and lack of workers at the same time&quot;. That is the firm belief of Daniella Petersen, PhD student at Chalmers, the Department of Technology Management and Economics. She has spent the last few years researching how to create employment opportunities for long-termed unemployed people in the construction sector through procurement.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>In her licentiate thesis; <em>Let the right ones in? Employment requirements in Swedish construction procure</em><em>men</em><em>t</em> Daniella has studied how these “employment requirements” affect the daily work of individual actors and organizations in the construction sector.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Tell us about your research!</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>I have conducted interviews with actors working with implementing employment requirements in the construction sector. Because social criteria such as employment requirements are novel in Sweden (and internationally), there is scarce knowledge about how to best implement employment requirements, and how this affects the daily work of the people working in the sector. Therefore, I investigate the organizational implications that arise due to the implementation of employment requirements, and what effect that has for different actors, like clients, contractors, architects, technical consultants, and the Employment Agency. What new roles and practices have been created in response to the implementation of employment requirements? Do actors think in a different way regarding the procurement process?</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> <br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3" style="text-align:center">”Employment requirements in procurement is a strategic tool for decreasing exclusion while simultaneously supplying the sector with new workers” </h3> <div> </div> <p style="text-align:center"></p> <div style="text-align:center"> </div> <h6 class="chalmersElement-H6" style="text-align:center">Daniella Petersen, Chalmers</h6> <div style="text-align:center"> </div> <div> </div> <p></p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Why is this so important?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Sweden is facing growing issues with social exclusion and unemployment among disadvantaged groups like immigrants, youths and the disabled. In addition, Sweden is approaching the largest construction investment ever made, while the construction sector is lacking in construction workers. Employment requirements in procurement are, therefore, a strategic tool for mitigating these issues, by decreasing exclusion while simultaneously supplying the sector with new workers.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Why do you find this area so interesting?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>I used to work as a recruiter, and have always been interested in people and employment issues, and I think it is unnecessary that we have unemployment and lack of workers at the same time. Therefore, I think employment requirements is an interesting procurement and employment tool to study. Employment requirements are novel in Sweden and there are many uncertainties in how to organize the implementation and design of the requirements, which adds another dimension. From a research point of view, this means that there is an opportunity to contribute with knowledge both to practitioners and to theory, as employment requirements and social sustainability, in general, is scarcely investigated.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What are your most important research findings?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>I have used an institutional perspective* to study the organizational implications of implementing employment requirements, and see that the construction sector seems to be undergoing an institutionalization process where old norms, logic, roles and practices are being reshaped. A new type of role has been created, but this is not a coherent profession yet. Practices have been reshaped, but there is no strong convergence of practices throughout the country. The sector is also thinking differently about the role of procurement and what procurement should entail and aim for. I have also outlined the barriers and drivers circumventing employment requirements.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Was there anything that surprised you during your research?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>It was interesting to see how actors are open-minded towards different work practices and the emphasis on collaboration, while many at the same time are careful to point out that their proposed practices are probably the best. I was also surprised to learn about the high ambitions surrounding employment requirements, while there is also a great humility in admitting that employment requirements are new and complex, and there is much we don’t know. Also noteworthy is the time and effort spent on consulting stakeholders in the design of the employment requirements, while the unemployed themselves have been left out of this consultation.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What new knowledge do you bring forward in your research?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>I have tried to outline the main barriers and drivers for implementing employment requirements. In my work, I have identified new work practices, like the extensive promotion of proposed practices and deeper collaboration, and new roles, like the “employment requirement professional” as an institutional entrepreneur. If looking to my theoretical framework specifically, I discuss who is important in institutionalization processes, and how one can characterize institutional work and institutional entrepreneurs. These findings add new knowledge for the research field, as well as provides useful insight to practitioners who might work in a more informed, effective, and efficient way.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What do you hope for your research to lead to?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>I hope that practitioners can get an insight into how employment requirements affect their daily work, and how the requirements are used by different actors throughout the country. I hope my results can provide an indication of how employment requirements and related roles, practices and logics might develop in the future. For those not yet implementing employment requirements, I hope my findings might give them support in possibly pondering if employment requirements might be a useful tool for them. For research, I hope to emphasize the importance of studying this phenomenon and social sustainability in general, as well as to show that institutional theory may be useful in construction management research.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What will be the next step in your research?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>During spring, I will spend approximately three months at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, as a guest PhD candidate together with a prominent professor in my field – Martin Loosemore. I hope to lay a foundation for future collaboration and co-publication, as well as to have a rewarding exchange of inspiration and knowledge. When I come home in the end of April I will start my next study, which hopefully will be a multiple case study. The aim is to study employment requirements from specification to hired employee, in order to delve deeper into the phenomenon and its implications.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text: Ulrika Ernström</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>*</strong></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Institutional theory </strong>is a perspective for studying change and behaviour in a field, e.g. the construction sector. By using the theoretical perspective of institutional theory one can study how established logic and behaviour may be broken down and replaced with something new, or be further strengthened.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">FACTS, RESEARCH AND MORE INFORMATION:</h4> <br /> <p><span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/daniella-petersen.aspx">Daniella Petersen</a></span> is a PhD student at Chalmers, Department of Technology Management and Economics, the Service Management and Logistics division<br /><br />Read her licentiate thesis: <a href="">Let the right ones in? Employment requirements in Swedish construction procurement</a><br /><br /></p></div>Wed, 07 Feb 2018 15:00:00 +0100;s first support centre for people affected by cancer<p><b>​Strength to live and better psychosocial support. This is the goal for Kraftens Hus, Sweden’s first support centre for cancer patients and their families. Centre For Healthcare Improvement at Chalmers is an important part of this unique collaborative project.</b></p><div>​“You have cancer.”</div> <div>These three words change a person’s life, but also the lives of many around them. On receiving such a diagnosis, the patient, their family, relatives, friends, neighbours, colleagues and managers all have questions. The healthcare system takes care of the medical treatment, but who looks after everything else?</div> <div> </div> <div>“Cancer changes many aspects of life for everyone affected by the disease – at home with the family, at work and in other social contexts. We have therefore taken a new approach to how various resources and responsible authorities can join forces and develop the psychosocial support together,” says project manager Carina Mannefred from Regionalt Cancercentrum Väst (RCC Väst), the regional cancer centre in west Sweden.</div> <div> </div> <div>The pilot project is the result of unique collaboration involving patients, their families, RCC Väst, researchers from Chalmers, politicians and civil servants from Region Västra Götaland and representatives from a range of social welfare institutions and the business community in Borås.</div> <div> </div> <div>The initiative comes from people affected by cancer via RCC Väst’s Patient- och Närståenderåd, a regional council of cancer patients and their families who share their experiences and opinions of healthcare. Over 18 months the collaboration partners have met in design workshops and dialogue sessions to bring needs, requests and solutions to light. Study visits to support centres in the UK and Denmark have also been made.</div> <div> </div> <div>“The project is unique thanks to its co-creative approach: it is the result of collaboration between all relevant players in society together with the business community and the patients,” says Senior Lecturer Andreas Hellström at Centre For Healthcare Improvement at Chalmers University of Technology, who is leading the scientific part of the project regarding Kraftens Hus Sjuhärad. </div> <div> </div> <div>The non-profit organisation Kraftens Hus Sjuhärad was founded after the series of workshops. The premises are in Borås, but the support centre is for people affected by cancer throughout the whole of Sjuhärad: patients who are undergoing or have completed treatment and their families.</div> <div> </div> <div>Kraftens Hus is being partly funded through an annual grant from the Healthcare Board in Region Västra Götaland for three years and partly through sponsorship. This is a user-driven activity, which will be designed and developed on the basis of the visitors’ needs and requests.</div> <div> </div> <div>The opportunity to meet others in the same situation is key, but the centre also aims to a hub for information and activities by important welfare entities such as healthcare providers, the Swedish Social Insurance Agency and the Swedish Employment Service.</div> <div> <br /><br /><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/KraftensHusPiaoLeni2_750x300.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><strong><sub>Project that gives strength.</sub></strong><sub> Pia Bredegård has been declared free of her breast cancer and will work half-time at Kraftens Hus. Leine Persson Johansson lives with chronic lung cancer and is a patient representative on the board. “Ever since the day I entered the hospital I have felt extremely alone with my diagnosis and have asked about possible contact with others affected, perhaps a mentor system. Wow, it feels great to be part of launching such an activity now!” Leine says.</sub><br /><br /></div> <div>The goal is to supplement healthcare and provide emotional, social and practical support. Examples of other activities may include painting groups, discussion groups for children, yoga and walking groups, presentations on various themes and advice to managers on how they can support an employee who has cancer. The hope is that over time the model will reach the entire region and the rest of Sweden. </div> <div> </div> <div>“It’s not our intention to take over the healthcare system’s responsibility for cancer rehabilitation, but instead to be a supplement and offer activities that the system doesn’t have. Kraftens Hus will be a meeting place, where both patients and their families can meet other people in similar situations and chat in an informal context,” Carina Mannefred says.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">ABOUT KRAFTENS HUS</h4> <div><a href="">More information (in Swedish) about Chalmer’s part of Kraftens hus &gt;&gt; </a><br /><br />Read more (in Swedish) at<a href=""></a><br /><a href=""></a><br />Kraftens Hus will be officially opened on <strong>Wednesday 7 February, 2018</strong>. <br />Address: Träffpunkt Simonsland, floor 6, at Viskastrandsgatan 5 in Borås.<br /><br />Contact: Andreas Hellström, Chalmers, phone: +46 76 119 1423, <br />email: <a href=""></a><br /></div>Wed, 07 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0100 studies the world&#39;s largest collaboration on the dream of fusion<p><b>​The project InsSciDE - Inventing a shared Science Diplomacy for Europe – is now being launched. Chalmers researcher Anna Åberg will study one of the largest scientific collaborations in the world: the fusion facility ITER.</b></p><div>​In January 2018, The French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) will host the launch meeting of the large, international project InsSciDE. The project aims to develop an effective science diplomacy for Europe.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Anna Åberg, Assistant Professor at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, participates in InsSciDE as the only researcher from Chalmers. Her case study concerns the fusion facility ITER, which is currently being constructed in Southern France. This facility is a cooperation between 35 nations and aims to prove the feasibility of using fusion as a large-scale energy alternative.<br /><br /><span><h4 class="chalmersElement-H4" style="text-align:center"><em>“ITER is a fascinating and important example of the complexity of science diplomacy”</em></h4> <div style="text-align:right"><em><strong>- Anna Åberg, Chalmers</strong></em></div></span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>-    Since it was first conceived in 1985, ITER has developed into one of the largest ongoing international scientific collaborations in the world today, and is thus a fascinating and important example of the complexity of science diplomacy, Anna Åberg says.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">FACTS: InsSciDE</h5> <div> </div> <div>The European Commission has called for the development of effective science diplomacy for Europe. InsSciDE starts with the hypothesis that Europe and Member states possess a great capital of science diplomacy experience - but today this is fragmented, heterogeneous and under-utilized. The 4-year project will engage historians of science and technology, networks of diplomats and scientists, experts of strategy and policy makers to bring science diplomacy into the foreground and better use it. The consortium includes 14 institutes of research or training from across 11 European Member states as well as UNESCO.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The project will investigate past and present experience, co-construct insights with practitioners, and provide theoretical and strategic frameworks and guidance to support stakeholder awareness and informed policies within the European Union. InsSciDE is funded through the European Horizon 2020 framework under the coordination of Professor Pascal Griset, Sorbonne Université, and Director of the Institute of Communication Sciences (CNRS).</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">More information</h5> <div> </div> <div><a href="">InsScide at Facebook</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span><div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/anna-aberg.aspx">More about Anna Åberg</a></div></span> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>  </div>Thu, 25 Jan 2018 09:00:00 +0100 paves the way for practical entrepreneurial knowledge<p><b>​There is a lack of hands-on knowledge and actionable theories within entrepreneurship. PhD Yashar Mansoori reduces the gap between theory and practice, by conceptualizing  what practical entrepreneurial knowledge is and his findings have already been used in teaching materials.</b></p><div>With his dissertation, Yashar Mansoori, PhD at Chalmers, Department of Technology Management and Economics, aims to bring to the forefront the importance of entrepreneurial methods as vehicles of practical knowledge in entrepreneurship.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>How would you describe your research in one sentence?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>As entrepreneurship is and ought to be a domain of action and practice, my dissertation focuses on developing and advancing our understanding of prescriptive theories of entrepreneurial action, termed in this enquiry entrepreneurial methods, that have as their main goal guiding entrepreneurs in their venturesome activities.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Tell us more about your research!</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>First and foremost, my research revolves around those theories within the larger field of management and in particular the field of entrepreneurship that, in implicit or explicit ways, take the notion of guided action as their focal point. As there is relatively little insight on these theories, for reasons such as tribalism and intellectual stasis, in order to elevate their actionability and relevance to practice, we need to develop a succinct understanding of them. One way is to examine how they are organized, what they offer as prescriptive content, and what happens to entrepreneurs and the organizations they found when these theories are put into practice. Moreover, my dissertation discusses and elaborates on the notions of actionability, entrepreneurial judgment and the nature of entrepreneurial problem-space in relation to form, content and application of entrepreneurial methods. This enquiry concerning entrepreneurial methods is the outcome of two theoretical and two empirical studies in the context of two separate Swedish accelerators.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Why is this important? </strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The problem that initially sparked my interest was the blind adoption and spread of the lean startup methodology irrespective of the lack of scholarly understanding of its consequences on practice. This was coupled with a large number of rather theoretical and philosophical research programs that, in my view, have very little practical bearings and, consequently reinforce the persistent theory-practice gap. I was convinced that an effective first step in advancing a more practical strand of theories in the field of entrepreneurship–and by way of that offering an alternative to reduce the gap between theory and practice–is to conceptualize what practical entrepreneurial knowledge is and how entrepreneurship theories should be formulated in ways to be readily relevant to practice.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Why do you find this area so interesting?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>It is exciting to me precisely because there is very little scholarly attention to the aforementioned issues and because these have been long neglected and, therefore, there is a dire need to address them. What is more, it is not a step too far to suggest that when ideas as part of this enquiry are developed further and advanced, they would present a sizeable potential to contribute to the formulation of practical entrepreneurial knowledge and by extension entrepreneurship practice.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What are your most important research findings?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>The three tier-framework that is composed of a trio of terms: logic, model and tactics as well as the nine conceptual dimensions and two archetypes of entrepreneurial methods. The framework has allowed me to think about entrepreneurial prescriptions as part of entrepreneurial methods in a different light.  Entrepreneurial prescriptions can be algorithmic, heuristics-based or an amalgam of them. Contingent on the qualities of the situations at hand, they offer a continuum concerning their actionability and the subjective judgement they leave entrepreneurs to exercise. They, therefore, delimit, guide or replace subjective judgment to various degrees. There are a host of practical findings that in the interest of space I suffice to refer to the full-text of my dissertation.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Was there anything that surprised you during your research?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>One of the really interesting, but not particularly surprising, findings emerged during the ethnography study I conducted. It concerned the practical issues that the implementation of the lean startup methodology could pose in guided contexts. One example is the cognitive and practical conflicts that the explicit emphasis of the lean startup methodology on experimental processes and evidence-based decision making inflicted on the perception of entrepreneurs concerning their coaches as figures of authority (i.e. the paradox of data and authority).</div> <div> </div> <div><br /><span style="text-align:center"><h4 class="chalmersElement-H4"><em>“I hope the insights presented in my dissertation will provide a first step to developing more effective and practical entrepreneurial knowledge”</em><span style="text-align:center"><p style="text-align:right"></p> <div style="text-align:right"><em>   - Yashar Mansoori, Chalmers     <br /></em></div> <p></p></span><em></em><em></em><em></em><em></em><em></em><em></em><em></em><em></em><em></em><em></em><em></em><em></em><em></em><em></em></h4></span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What new perspectives and knowledge do you bring forward in your research?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>As I have attempted to articulate on this in different ways, my dissertation is an attempt to take stock and bring to the forefront the importance of entrepreneurial methods as vehicles of practical knowledge in entrepreneurship, conceptualize how they are composed and organized, and examine the application of a prevalent example of entrepreneurial methods in practical contexts. The fact that I had to invent the term entrepreneurial method’ is loosely indicative of the novelty of the subject I have delved into.  <br /></div> <div> </div> <div><div style="left:118.167px;top:297.133px;font-size:20px;font-family:sans-serif;padding:0px"><br /></div></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What do you hope for your research to lead to, and who can benefit from your findings?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>I can see the relevance to scholars, educators, accelerators, entrepreneurship students and most importantly entrepreneurs. I hope the insights presented in my dissertation will provide a first-step to developing more effective and practical entrepreneurial knowledge. I suffice to mention that parts of my findings have already been used by educators in their teaching materials and have helped to restructure services of a local startup incubator.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text: Ulrika Ernström</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">FACTS, RESEARCH AND MORE INFORMATION </h5> <div> </div> <div><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/Yashar-M.aspx">Yashar Mansoori</a> recently defended his doctoral dissertation <a href="">Entrepreneurial Methods as Vehicles of Entrepreneurial Action</a> at Chalmers, Department of Technology Management and Economics, the Division of Entrepreneurship and Strategy.</div>Wed, 24 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +0100 antecedents and processes of business model innovation<p><b>​A good business model is essential for creating and capturing value, yet many firms fail at innovating their business model. In her thesis, Sara Fallahi has studied business model innovation processes in multiple industrial and organizational contexts - and is surprised by how often they emerge unintentionally when solving problems with existing business models.</b></p><div><strong>​How would you describe your research in one sentence?</strong></div> <div>I have studied why and when established firms innovate their business models and how the processes of business model innovation unfold. </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Tell us about your research!</strong></div> <div>The business model is the firm’s underlying core logic for how it creates and captures value. Companies are under constant competitive pressure to find new ways of creating and capturing value to remain competitive. Many firms however fail at innovating their business model due to several organizational and cognitive barriers and obstacles as introducing a new business model in parallel to an existing one, or replacing established business models with an advantageous one has proven very difficult. In my thesis, I have studied business model innovation processes in multiple industrial and organizational contexts such as manufacturing, automotive, construction, publishing and home furnishing. </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Why is this important?</strong></div> <div>Competitive pressures have pushed business model innovation up the agendas of managers in many firms. Acknowledging that most companies find it extremely challenging to innovate and refine established business models raises the question of how the process of business model innovation can be organized and managed to overcome the underlying uncertainties and complexities. To address this question, it is necessary to understand how business model innovation processes unfold which has been the purpose of my thesis. </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Why do you think this area is so interesting?</strong></div> <div>We are living in an era where phenomena such as globalization, cross-fertilizations of technologies and industries, and digitalization are transforming several established industries and businesses. For managers to understand how to use these new technologies and capture value from them, they need to rethink their business models which may influence their decisions on who their customers are, what type of value they can create for those customers, or how they can profit and stay competitive. When and how managers realize the need to change a business model, how they create that change, or how they react to a change forced by another party such as their competitors are some of the questions that have intrigued me in my research.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What are your most important research findings?</strong></div> <div>My observations supported the distinction of two approaches to business model innovation: purposeful and unintentional. In the thesis, I discuss how purposeful business model innovations tend to be more planned and started with attentive cognitive search for a new business model including recursive conceptualization, creation, and evaluation of alternative business models. Selected business models were later implemented in one or several markets and adapted according to customer evaluations. On the other hand, unintentional business model innovation processes took off from an existing business model and the new business model emerged as an outcome of the resolution of one or a number of major business model problems. I also discuss how antecedents to business model innovation may help in explaining why in some cases the new business model emerged unintentionally and in other cases purposefully. </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Was there anything that surprised you during your research?</strong></div> <div>When I started with my studies, I sort of expected to be able to find one generic process of business model innovation, or at least I expected to find that firms have a clear plan or roadmap for how they innovate their business models. To find out that in many cases the business model innovation was not a deliberate initiative of top management and rather emerged unintentionally and as an outcome of solving major problems with the existing business model was both interesting and quite surprising. </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What new knowledge and perspectives do you bring forward in your research?</strong></div> <div>In recent years, as business model innovation has become one of the priorities of practitioners, the topic has also attracted the interest of many scholars and research on business models and business model innovation has grown significantly over the past decade. Publications focusing on the process dimensions of business model innovation are relatively recent and quite scattered in terms of the theoretical lenses and empirical contexts used for their studies. At times, they also provide conflicting assumptions and findings; for example, some portray business model innovation processes to be conceptual and analytical while others explain these processes to be highly experiential, and based on trial-and-error learning. My research attends to connect these findings and further expands them by showing that in fact both cognitive and experiential activities are needed during business model innovation, and the processes of business model innovation consist of multiple shifts between these two modes of learning. My thesis further contributes to business model innovation literature by introducing problem as an alternative mechanism and theoretical construct that can explain why firms embark on each mode of learning and why they shift over time. </div> <div><strong> </strong></div> <div><strong>What do you hope for your research to lead to?</strong></div> <div>I hope managers who are working with or are interested in working with design and development of new business models can apply the findings from my research in their work. In particular, in my thesis I discuss three implications for practitioners in relation to supporting skunkworks during early phases of business model innovation, initiating early business model discussions to support other innovation activities, and creating flexible structures for organizing parallel business models. </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text: Ulrika Ernström</strong></div> <div><strong></strong></div> <div> </div> <div><strong style="font-size:16px">FACTS, RESEARCH AND MORE INFORMATION:</strong></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/fallahi.aspx">Sara Fallahi</a> is a PhD at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, the Division of Entrepreneurship and Strategy.</div> <div> </div> <div>Read the thesis <a href="">“A Process View of Business Model Innovation”</a></div>Fri, 12 Jan 2018 00:15:00 +0100 IT solutions for cognitive impairment<p><b>​When falling into forgetfulness, many patients affected by cognitive impairment become isolated and depressed, gradually losing their quality of life. But there are ways to improve the situation. The large, EU-project DECI, partly led by Centre for Healthcare Improvement at Chalmers, examines how smart IT solutions and new ways to organize care can help the patients maintain a good life.</b></p><div>​Imagine not being able to trust yourself. Imagine suddenly forgetting where you are, what you were talking about, or the fact that you recently turned on the stove.</div> <div>This is the reality for many patients diagnosed with cognitive impairment or dementia.</div> <div>– This disease creates lack of self-confidence. When you realize that you can´t trust your memory anymore it often leads to less social interaction, isolation and depression, Monika Jurkeviciute, PhD student at Chalmers, says.</div> <div> </div> <div>Together with Patrik Alexandersson, director for Centre for Healthcare Improvement at Chalmers, she has spent the last years working with the large EU-project DECI. The aim: to improve the ability of patients and their families to maintain a good life.</div> <div>– We need to help these individuals to stay part of society for as long as possible, and increase their control of the disease with non-invasive tools, Jurkeviciute says. </div> <div>– We want to help the patients stay independent longer, Alexandersson says. We hope to prolong the time they can stay in their home, avoiding hospitalization or having to move to a dementia home. </div> <div><div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">IT platform and new care solutions </h2></div> <div>DECI is unique in its scale. Over 600 patients in four countries participate in the project, which includes an IT platform for physical and cognitive training, an activity monitoring device and innovative organizational solutions for the care.</div> <div> </div> <div>The digital tools are simple and effective. The patient wears a watch that monitors activities, counts steps and detects time spent inside and outside the home. In addition, the patient has access to two web-based programs, offering exercises for cognitive stimulation and video instructions of physical training activities. </div> <div>– Some of these patients would never have exercised if it wasn´t for these digital tools. Also, they make the patients, the families and the caregivers more informed, and create a good platform for encouragement and fact-based discussions on the patients´ activities, Jurkeviciute says. </div> <div><div> </div> <div><img src="/en/departments/tme/PublishingImages/News/800x600%20(bildkarusell)/DECI_750x400enkel.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /> </div> <h6 class="chalmersElement-H6"><span>Chalmers researchers Monika Jurkeviciute<span></span></span> and Patrik Alexandersson <span>hope the results from the DECI-project can help </span><span>patients affected by cognitive impairment<span></span></span><span> to stay independent longer.<br /><span></span></span> <br /></h6> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3" style="text-align:center">&quot;We need to help these individuals to stay part of society for as long as possible, <span>and increase their control of the disease<span></span></span>&quot;</h3> <div><h6 class="chalmersElement-H6" style="text-align:center"> <span>Monika Jurkeviciute,  Chalmers<span></span></span></h6><div> </div></div></div> <div>New ways to organize care is also an important part of the project. Patients participating in the intervention get a case manager assigned to them, handling all contacts necessary in the patient care process.</div> <div>– These patients pass through a complex healthcare system on different levels. Therefore, someone coordinating the care is important, Alexandersson says.</div> <div> </div> <div>In the Swedish site, connected to Skaraborgs sjukhus, another pro-active approach is used in the care: network-based mobile teams, visiting the patients in their home.</div> <div>– The meeting in the home is important, Alexandersson says. It demolishes power structures and makes the dialogue with the patients better. Supporting the patients in their daily life is a difficult challenge, and it´s even harder to succeed in a hospital environment.</div> <div> </div> <div>Evert Larsson, 84, is one of the patients in the project who values the care visits in his home. He suffers from mild cognitive impairment, and signed up immediately when he saw the newspaper ad for the study.</div> <div>– This has been good. I thought I would have to go somewhere to meet the doctor, so this was very nice and interesting. It always feels safer to be in your home, Evert Larsson says.</div> <div><div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Hope to reduce hospitalization</h2></div> <div>The project will be concluded in the summer of 2018. Monika Jurkeviciute and Patrik Alexandersson believe it can have an impact on how hospitals organize their care, and hope it will reduce hospitalization, improve patient involvement and create better contact between caregivers and patients.</div> <div> </div> <div>Monika Jurkeviciute wishes for the patients to feel that they are more in control of their situation. </div> <div>– I think this has a potential to become a regular way of treating these patients, working with them and offering a program instead of just handing out a leaflet, she says. </div> <div> </div> <div>Patrik Alexandersson points out that this patient group hasn´t been very prioritized. Perhaps, the DECI-project may help to change this.</div> <div> </div> <div>– I hope this project will stress the importance of dealing with the huge social problem of cognitive impairment, and provide arguments to prioritize these patients, he says.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text: Ulrika Ernström</strong></div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">FACTS, RESEARCH AND MORE INFORMATION</h4> <ul><li><a href="">DECI, Digital Environment for Cognitive Inclusion,</a> is an international project within the EU Horizon 2020 initiative. </li></ul> <div> </div> <ul><li>The project aims to improve the ability of dementia and cognitive impairment and their families to maintain a good life - with help of innovative IT solutions and new ways of organizing care.</li></ul> <div> </div> <ul><li>DECI is partly led by CHI, Centre for Healthcare Improvement at Chalmers, and involves over 600 patients in four countries. For more information, contact Patrik Alexandersson, CHI at <a href=""></a> </li></ul> <div> </div> <ul><li>DECI will go on between 2015-2018 and besides CHI the following partners are involved:</li></ul> <div>           -Condazione Politecnico di Milano (Italy)</div> <div>          -ConSoft Sistemi SpA (Italy);</div> <div>          -Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi Onlus (Italy)</div> <div>          -Västra Götaland, Skaraborg Hospital (Sweden)</div> <div>          -Servicio Madrileño de Salud - Hospital Universitario the Getafe (Spain)</div> <div>          -Maccabi Healthcare Services (Israel)</div> <div>          -Roessingh Research and Development (Netherlands)</div>Mon, 18 Dec 2017 00:15:00 +0100–-and-the-contentious-battle-in-the-telecommunication-industry.aspx role of patents – and the contentious battle in the telecommunication industry<p><b>​There is a contentious battle between technology owners and product implementers in the telecommunication value chain. With his research, Bowman Heiden provides insights on the role of patents in the development of telecommunication standards, and describes how the battle is being played, who’s winning, and the implications for economic performance and efficiency.</b></p><div><strong>​</strong><strong>How would you describe your research in one sentence?</strong></div> <div>I have examined how actors in the telecommunication industry compete over surplus value by proactively altering the rules of the game that define the value of patents that are essential to telecommunication standards.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Tell us about your research! </strong></div> <div>The main purpose of this thesis is to better understand how competing interests seek to define the meaning of FRAND and influence the value of SEPs. FRAND (fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory) agreements are used by SSOs (standard-setting organizations) to govern access to SEPs (standard essential patents) among SEP holders, the SSO, and third-party implementers of the standard. This has become a contentious battle between upstream technology owners and downstream product implementers in the telecommunication value chain. </div> <div> </div> <div>The thesis has deployed mixed methods as a means to unveil the competing interests, the typification of normative concepts, and reification of these interest and concepts on legitimising arenas primarily from a US market perspective.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Why do you find this area so interesting – and important?</strong></div> <div>Because it offers a first-hand look into how actors are socially constructing the knowledge economy.  </div> <div> </div> <div>My thesis, The battle to define the meaning of FRAND, offers a interesting glance into the institutionalization process that will define the framework for wealth and welfare in the knowledge economy, in particular, the viability of large open innovation platforms and a new division of innovative labor.</div> <div><div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3" style="text-align:center">”It is surprising to see how easy it is to redefine policy without evidence of a problem or substantial theories on the impact of proposed policy changes”</h3> <h6 class="chalmersElement-H6" style="text-align:center">Bowman Heiden</h6> <div> </div></div> <div><strong>What are your most important research findings?</strong></div> <div>This thesis provides insights into the role patents currently play and potentially could play in the development and commercialization of telecommunication standards from both an economic performance and efficiency perspective. In particular, it describes how the battle is being played, who’s winning, and what are the implications for economic performance and efficiency.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Was there anything that surprised you during your research?</strong></div> <div>It is always surprising to see how easy it is to redefine policy without evidence of a problem or substantial theories on the impact of proposed policy changes.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What do you hope for your research to lead to?</strong></div> <div>It provides a framework for balanced guidance to support policy makers and market actors seeking to define an agenda for the development of patent policies and IP-based business models adjusted to wealth and welfare creation in the knowledge economy. </div> <br /><strong>Text: Ulrika Ernström<br /></strong><br /> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">FACTS, RESEARCH AND MORE INFORMATION</h4> <div>Bowman Heiden recently defended his doctoral thesis, <a href="">The battle to define the meaning of FRAND</a>, at Chalmers, Department of Technology management and Economics, the Entrepreneurship and Strategy division.</div> <div>The thesis includes an in-depth, single case study of the landmark Microsoft case, as well as a comparative analysis across the four initial SEP/FRAND cases in US district court.</div> <div> </div> Tue, 28 Nov 2017 00:40:00 +0100 biography of a street – a step towards a more sustainable city<p><b>You walk down Linnégatan in Gothenburg. Pick up your phone, open an app and the history of the street unfolds. Chalmers researcher Martin Emanuel hopes that this vision soon will become reality and that it will increase the will for change for a more sustainable urban environment.</b></p><div>​Historical knowledge can motivate people to change and make it easier for us to accept changes that will lead to a more sustainable society. Martin Emanuel, researcher at Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers, is convinced.</div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">A rich picture of the street’s development</h4> <div>Through his research, Martin Emanuel wants to paint a rich and nuanced picture of the changes that a street has undergone during one hundred years – the biography of the street. Currently, he studies Linnégatan in central Gothenburg. Quantitative data such as traffic bills and apartment prices are collected, as are photographs from the archives of the Museum of Gothenburg and historical material concerning political decisions and urban construction processes. Together the different sources will map the development of the street.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“As a historian, I can convey a sense of how the street has evolved. This can give insight that more sustainable city traffic solutions have existed than the ones we see today, and raise some thoughts that things could look different.”</div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4"><img src="/sv/styrkeomraden/transport/nyheter/PublishingImages/Arkivbild_GoteborgsStadsmuseum_250px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Digital platform next step</h4> <div>In the next step, the researchers want to connect the material to a digital platform.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Possibly an app where you can walk around the city and see how the streets once looked, and how they have changed in terms of character and traffic situation. By making the material available to both decision makers and people in general, we can put questions about sustainable urban mobility in a relevant and tangible context.”</div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Increase the will for change</h4> <div>When changes in city traffic infrastructure are planned, factors like changes in flow and traffic safety are evaluated. If a broader evaluation is made, that also includes historical insight, the actions and changes made today can be put in a longer time perspective. This will provide a wider basis for decision makers and planners, and can increase the acceptance and willingness to change of people in general, believes Martin Emanuel.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Such knowledge can make it easier to argue for changes, such as reduced car traffic. As we all know, car traffic has not dominated our cities historically.”</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>FACTS</strong></div> <div><strong>TO WRITE THE BIOGRAPHY OF A STREET</strong><br /><strong></strong></div> <div>The researchers collect three types of material:</div> <ul><li>Quantitative data such as traffic bills and apartment prices. These tell who could afford to live on the street and give a picture in figures of what the traffic looked like. </li> <li>Traditional historical sources of political decision-making, as well as urban and traffic planning. This material tells, for example, if the street has been widened, whether a bike path or a tram line has been abolished. These sources can also show how other changes, such as a shopping mall opening nearby, may change the character of the street and who moves there. </li> <li>Photographs can show how people actually used the city space, as opposed to plans that tell the imagined future use of a street. By studying photographs, one can also capture details that city and traffic planners did not think about, such as how people bring their goods from the store and home. What did they put on the carrier, how did they carry their things, did the pedestrians stay on the sidewalk?</li></ul> <div> </div> <div><strong>About the project</strong></div> <div>The pre-study &quot;Mixed methods for the Biography of a Street&quot; is funded by Chalmers Area of Advance Transport, as part of the area’s focus on the transition to future transport systems. Per Lundin and Martin Emanuel at the Department of Technology Management and Economics participate in the project. For more information contact Martin Emanuel, +46 704 91 43 48.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text and photo: Emilia Lundgren</em></div> <div><em>Archive photo of Linnégatan: Museum of Gothenburg</em><br /></div> <div> </div>Mon, 27 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0100 research opportunities for Chalmers researchers as ElectriCity grows<p><b>​ElectriCity, best known for the electric bus 55 in Gothenburg, is much more than just the bus. As the project grows, new exciting opportunities for research appear. Per Lövsund, coordinator for ElectriCity at Chalmers University of Technology, invites Chalmers researchers to contact him with ideas.</b></p><p><br /></p> <p>“We can perform research projects, master and bachelor thesis projects within ElectriCity, and thereby gain better dissemination and utilisation of our results”, says Per Lövsund, who calls on Chalmers researchers to contact him with ideas for new projects.<br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p>ElectriCity is now growing to include for example smaller trucks, such as waste trucks and distribution cars. This means exciting opportunities for several research areas, Per Lövsund explains. Self-driving vehicles, safety, community planning, noise, thermal optimization, control algorithms, vehicle dynamics, development and recycling of batteries and fuel cells, and charging station requirements are some examples of questions from different research fields, all of which can be studied within the framework of ElectriCity.<br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p>Researchers involved in ElectriCity have access to research platforms such as buses and other vehicles. The project’s demo arena also includes the new urban area Frihamnen and the development of south Chalmers Johanneberg Campus, with a stop for the ElectriCity bus. Here, safety aspects and new innovative solutions at the stop and interactions between vehicles and unprotected road users can be studied.<br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p>The fact that ElectriCity enters a new phase has already generated new research at Chalmers.<br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p>“One project about bus trains and one about autonomous docking at bus stops are just about to take off”, says Per Lövsund. “Another project investigates how bus drivers experience the effects of the Volvo Dynamic Steering system.”<br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p>A workshop is planned to be held at Chalmers to formulate projects on low-frequency noise in urban environment, modeling of noise impact and safety issues regarding quiet buses at bus stops.<br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p>“In the long run, perhaps other sectors could be included as well. I personally think that the marine sector would be interesting”, says Per Lövsund. “Chalmers has great competence in this field, for example through <a href="">SSPA </a>and <a href="">Lighthouse</a>.” <br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p>ElectriCity has run in Gothenburg for two years and is a collaboration between industry, academia and society, where the participants develop and test solutions for tomorrow’s sustainable public transport. The electric and hybrid buses of route 55, where different technology solutions are tested and developed, run between the two campuses of Chalmers. The project has created a lot of international interest.<br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p>“The international attention has given us new networks and new interesting research topics”, concludes Per Lövsund.</p> <p><br /></p> <p>Are you a Chalmers researcher and have a project idea for ElectriCity? Contact Chalmers coordinator Per Lövsund, <a href=""></a><br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p><a href="">Read more about ElectriCity &gt;&gt;</a><br /><br /></p> <p><br /></p> <p><em>Text: Christian Boström, Emilia Lundgren</em><br /></p>Mon, 23 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +0200 cars can become more eco-friendly through life cycle assessment<p><b>​It is time to stop discussing whether electric cars are good or bad. Instead industry, authorities and policy-makers need to work together to make them as eco-friendly as possible. This is the view taken by Anders Nordelöf, a researcher at Chalmers University of Technology. In a recent thesis, he provides concrete advice and tools showing how life cycle assessment can assist in the development of electric cars.</b></p><div>​Electric cars have been criticised in recent times due to their energy-intensive manufacturing processes and because they are currently charged using electricity which is partly produced from fossil fuels.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Anders Nordelöf, a researcher in environmental systems analysis at Chalmers University of Technology, is seeking a more future-oriented approach to the electric car. He thinks it is necessary to focus on solving the problems that arise in the transition to the new technology.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“We need to take the environmental problems with electric cars seriously, but we mustn’t get caught up in the situation as it now stands. It’s time to give up discussing whether the electric cars of today are good or bad, and start working together step-by-step to make them as good as possible from an environmental perspective,” he says.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Comparing electric cars with diesel or petrol driven vehicles is relevant, but not the most important issue – nor is it what will solve the problems in the long term. We know that fossil fuels have to be phased out, and the automotive industry has decided upon electrification. The most important thing then is to find the best way forward.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Nordelöf points out that the great strength of the electric car is in its potential. In a recent thesis he gives clear advice to industry, policy-makers and authorities to work together to develop electric cars by making their production as fossil-free as possible.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><div>“If we charge the car from a clean source of electricity and combine this with the lowest possible carbon dioxide emissions during production, then the electric car will be revolutionary. But we can’t expect to find a ready-made solution immediately,” he says.</div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/PublishingImages/Nyheter/Andra%20storlekar/Andreasiwebbtext.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4" style="text-align:center"><span>&quot;<span></span><span></span></span><span><span>The electric car has the potential to become revolutionary. But we can’t expect to find a ready-made solution immediately<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>&quot;<span></span></span><span><span></span></span></h4> <h6 class="chalmersElement-H6" style="text-align:center"><span><span>Anders Nordelöf, Chalmers</span></span></h6></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>He is providing key pieces of the puzzle to help progress the development of electric cars, and shows in his thesis how life cycle assessment, LCA, can be used to minimise their environmental impact in the long term. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The thesis contains details of specific tools, methodology recommendations and new models for collecting LCA data, which are aimed at anyone working on the development of electric-powered vehicles using life cycle assessment.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“The models fill important data gaps and allow relevant LCA studies to be carried out on electric powertrains. These studies can then be applied to many different types of vehicles. I’ve also compared the overall environmental impact from three different electric motors, and can therefore provide basic advice on how to design electric motors to produce as little environmental impact as possible,” he says.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Nordelöf provides some technology advice for the automotive industry based on his research. He stresses that energy efficiency and greater production of electricity from renewables is the key to reducing the environmental impact of electric cars in the operational phase, globally.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“But it’s also important to realise that the manufacture of components will make up an ever greater proportion of the electric car’s environmental impact the further our developments progress, especially if you take a broader perspective than just greenhouse gases. There are major environmental challenges in the extraction of metals, placing many requirements on the supply chain,” he says.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Nordelöf’s study also contains a summary of what previous LCA studies had to say about the environmental impact of electric cars. He points out that the results are contradictory and disparate, while showing that this is mainly due to shortcomings in the design and reporting of the studies – since the choice of methodology, purpose and target group are not clearly presented. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“More rigorous reporting is required in the research field so as not to increase the confusion that already exists around the environmental impact of electric cars,” he says.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong> </strong></div> <strong> </strong><div><strong>Text and photo: Ulrika Ernström</strong><br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div></div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4"><span></span>FACTS, RESEARCH<span></span><span></span> AND MORE INFORMATION:<span><span></span></span></h4> <div> </div> <div><a id="20171011"><span class="ms-offscreen">Octobe</span></a><a id="20171011"><span class="ms-offscreen"></span></a></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Life cycle assessment (LCA)</strong> is a systems method that provides a holistic overview of a product’s environmental impact over its life cycle from raw material extraction, through production processes and use, to waste management, including all transportation and energy consumption in the intermediate stages.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Read Nordelöf’s thesis:<span></span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></a> Using life cycle assessment to support the development of electrified road vehicles. Component data models, methodology recommendations and technology advice for minimizing environmental impact.<br /><br /><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/anders-nordelof.aspx">Read more about Anders Nordelöf</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4"><span></span><span></span><span></span><span></span></h4> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4"> <span></span><span></span><span></span><span></span><span></span><span></span></h4>Wed, 11 Oct 2017 00:45:00 +0200