News: Teknikens ekonomi och organisation related to Chalmers University of TechnologyMon, 01 Jul 2019 17:27:38 +0200 honours first woman in Sweden to become an engineer<p><b>Just over a century ago Vera Sandberg became the first woman in Sweden to receive an engineering degree. Now, Chalmers University of Technology pays tribute to her by raising a statue. The work of art is Chalmers’ first, and Gothenburg’s third, sculpture of a named historical woman. “Vera Sandberg is a role model for everyone,” says Chalmers’ President Stefan Bengtsson.</b></p><div>W​hat was it like to study at Chalmers at the beginning of the previous century, as the sole woman among 500 men? We’ll never know for sure, but one thing is clear: Sandberg had the courage to go against the norms and follow her own path, paving the way for a broadening of the role of engineer.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>In 2017, when Chalmers commemorated 100 years since Sandberg took her degree, the idea of producing an art installation in her memory was born. On June 13 Jan Cardell’s work Veras laboration, a bronze statue with lighting and mobile parts illustrating Sandberg’s work in the laboratory at Chalmers, was unveiled.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“We think that the first woman in Sweden to become an engineer deserves to be recognised. Vera Sandberg is a role model for everyone, a good example of someone who dares to challenge what is regarded as normal and who is ready to go ahead on her own and follow her own interests,” says Chalmers’ President Stefan Bengtsson.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The work of art will ensure that Sandberg is seen as unique once again. The statue is Chalmers’ first, and Gothenburg’s third, sculpture of a named historical woman in a public space.<br /></div> <div> </div> <div style="text-align:center"> </div> <div> </div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2" style="text-align:center">“Vera Sandberg is a role model for everyone, a good example of someone who dares to challenge what is regarded as normal”</h2> <div style="text-align:center"> </div> <div style="text-align:center"><em>Stefan Bengtsson, President of Chalmers</em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The statue is located in Vera Sandbergs Allé, which is not far from Kapellplatsen in the Vasa area of Campus Johanneberg. The area is the hub of Chalmers’ investment in innovation and entrepreneurship, where operations such as Chalmers School of Entrepreneurship, Chalmers Ventures, Stena Centre, the meeting area Veras Gräsmatta and the Department of Technology Management and Economics are gathered.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Maria Elmquist, Head of the Department of Technology Management and Economics and one of the initiators of the statue project, hopes that Sandberg can inspire more young people to pursue a career in science and technology. And follow their dreams.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Vera Sandberg represents a person who had the courage to do something different, dared to go against the norms and see new opportunities – I regard her as an entrepreneur! That Sandberg did not let herself be held back by being the only woman among the Chalmers’ engineering students in her year group, makes her worthy of recognition. Seeing diversity in representation is important for the development of the university and society,” says Elmquist.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Sandberg grew up in Blekinge, where her mother ran the family’s paper mill. She was very interested in chemistry and when in 1914, as a 19-year-old, she applied for Chalmers’ chemistry course she had to take an exam to get into the course while her fellow male students were accepted on the basis of their school grades.  <br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div style="text-align:center"><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">“Vera Sandberg represents a person who had the courage to do something different, dared to go against the norms and see new opportunities – I regard her as an entrepreneur!”</h2> <div><em>Maria Elmquist, Head of Department, Chalmers</em></div></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>We do not know much about what it was like for Sandberg during her studies, but for all Chalmers’ students at this time the studies were characterised by strict requirements and busy days packed out with compulsory attendances. After her degree Sandberg worked at Skandinaviska Raffinaderiet in Partille, Oljefabriken i Karlshamn, Helsingborgs Gummifabrik and Sieverts Kabelverk in Sundbyberg. In 1937 she married a widower who had five sons, thus ending her professional career. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>When Chalmers’ President Stefan Bengtsson gave a historical review, he noted that a lot had happened since the days when Sandberg studied at Chalmers.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“In 1917 when Vera Sandberg took her degree, there was no universal and equal suffrage for either men or women in Sweden. At the time Chalmers had around 500 students and Sandberg was the only woman. Today, around a third of Chalmers’ students are women. We have come a long way, but there is still work to do before we reach our goal,” he says.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text: </strong>Ulrika Ernström</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Photo:</strong> Johan Bodell and Chalmers

</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Gothenburg’s third sculpture of a named historical woman
</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <ul><li>In 2017 five artists were commissioned to make proposals for an art installation at Chalmers to honour Vera Sandberg, the first woman in Sweden to take an engineering degree. Chalmers chose Jan Cardell’s ‘Veras Laboration’. The statue is located in Sandbergs Allé, not far from Kapellplatsen.<br /></li> <li>The work of art – which was unveiled on 13 June 2019 – is Chalmers’ first, and Gothenburg’s third, sculpture of a named historical woman in a public space. The other two are the author and poet Karin Boye, whose statue is located outside Göteborg City Library, and Johanna Hedén, whose bust is located outside Östra Sjukhuset’s women’s clinic. Hedén was a midwife and the first Swedish woman to receive formal training as a surgeon.</li> <li>‘Veras laboration’ is a bronze statue with lighting and motion, which depicts Vera Sandberg working in a laboratory. The statue is a total of four metres high, including a two metre high pedestal. “I wanted to depict Vera in her working environment, and think that she represents an encounter between the past and the present”, said Cardell during the unveiling.</li> <li>Many alumni and friends of Chalmers have made donations towards the statue, to a value totalling around half a million SEK. The Chalmers University of Technology Foundation has contributed the same amount. The donors include students, relatives of Sandberg, Dan Sten Olsson, alumni such as Rune Andersson (through Mellby Gård) and several companies.</li></ul>Mon, 01 Jul 2019 14:00:00 +0200 are essential for the diffusion of renewable technology<p><b>​What is needed for the diffusion of solar and wind power technology at a larger scale? Joakim Aspeteg has examined the activities of diffusion intermediaries, and states that they are central to the transition to a sustainable energy system.</b></p><div>​How are diffusion intermediaries, such as project developers, involved in the diffusion of solar and wind power technology? What activities do they perform as brokers in implementation projects, and how do these activities create value for adopters?</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>These questions have been the focus of Joakim Aspeteg’s licentiate thesis, <em>The raison d'être of diffusion intermediaries in solar and wind power in Sweden.</em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What challenges do you focus on in your research?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>In order to make the transition to a renewable energy system, there is a need for actors that are involved in the diffusion of renewable energy technologies. Solar and wind power are now mature technologies that are ready to be diffused at a larger scale and we know that diffusion intermediaries, such as project developers, are involved in this diffusion process. But more knowledge is needed regarding this particular type of intermediary.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Previous research has studied several other types of intermediaries and identified a variety of activities, functions and roles. For the most part, however, there is no distinction between intermediation activities (between at least two other parties) and services provided directly to an adopter. Therefore, the central problem that I focused on is to understand why diffusion intermediaries exist, i.e. their raison d'être. I studied the activities they conduct and the value they create for adopters in solar PV and wind power implementation projects.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>With your research, how are you aiming to address the problem?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>By emphasizing on how important the activities of diffusion intermediaries are for the diffusion of solar PV and wind power in Sweden. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What do you hope for your research to lead to?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>I hope that more stakeholders will realize the central role diffusion intermediaries play in the transition to a sustainable energy system. I also hope my research illustrates the value they create in implementation projects by acting between various actors necessary for implementation and adopters of solar and wind power technology.</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Research on the transition to a sustainable energy system</h3> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Joakim Aspeteg is a doctoral student at Chalmers, the Department of Technology Management and Economics, the Environmental Systems Analysis division. His research focuses on the roles of intermediaries in the transition to a sustainable energy system. </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Read more about <a href="" target="_blank">Joakim Aspeteg</a></div> <div> </div> <div>Read his licentiate thesis <a href="" target="_blank">&quot;The raison d'être of diffusion intermediaries in solar and wind power in Sweden&quot;</a></div> <div> </div>Mon, 17 Jun 2019 09:00:00 +0200 to plan tactical in complex manufacturing settings<p><b>​When products need to be adapted to meet the customer&#39;s needs, it can be difficult to balance supply and demand. With his research, Hafez Shurrab wants to inspire and provide tools for IT developers, decision makers and problem solvers, so that they can create better planning processes.</b></p><div>​Hafez Shurrab is a doctoral student Chalmers. He studies tactical planning processes that drive project-based manufacturing, focusing on engineer-to-order (ETO) settings - where products need to be developed or customised to meet the customer's needs.</div> <div> </div> <div>Now, he has presented his licentiate thesis, Tactical planning in engineer-to-order environments</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What challenges do you focus on in your research?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>In ETO settings, products more frequently need to be customised. This makes it more difficult to balance demand and supply capacity as greater complexity needs to be addressed, with more details and uncertainties.</div> <div><strong> </strong></div> <div><strong>With your research, how are you aiming to address the problem?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>I aim to capture how formal and informal tactical-level planning processes help to manage the complexity embedded in ETO settings when balancing demand and supply. When a formal tactical-level planning process like sales and operations planning is dedicated, I address how the ETO-specific complexity can be managed. When no formal tactical-level planning process is recognised, I study planning activities, including decision-making and problem-solving activities, and how these activities can be integrative with a view to manage the embedded complexity.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What do you hope for your research to lead to?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>I hope my research will encourage ETO-oriented companies to integrate their tactical-level planning activities into a formal companywide process in which all functions are motivated and supported to cooperate with each other in a regular basis, to produce an aggregated plan. In addition to this, I hope my research propositions will lead to process configurations that genuinely enhance the information processing capacity and reduce the coordination needed to manage the ETO complexity. In this respect, I hope that the IT developers will be inspired to develop IT tools in line with the research results, since such IT tools will offer the support needed for decision makers and problem solvers.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text:</strong> Ulrika Ernström</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">FACTS: Tactical planning in engineer-to-order environments</h3> <div>Hafez Shurrab is a doctoral student Chalmers, the Department of Technology Management and Economics. With his research, he has expanded the knowledge about how to balance demand and supply capacity in a medium-term, up to 24 months, in engineer-to-order (ETO) settings, where products need to be developed or customised to meet the customer's needs.</div> <div> </div> <div>Read his licentiate thesis: <a href="">Tactical planning in engineer-to-order environments</a></div> <div>Read more about <a href="">Hafez Shurrab</a> </div> <div><br /></div> Tue, 11 Jun 2019 00:15:00 +0200“5G will lead us to a completely connected world”<p><b>​5G will lead us to a completely connected world that will fundamentally change how we live. Professor Erik Bohlin at Chalmers is monitoring this development in real time. His latest assignment is to help Thailand to implement the fifth generation mobile network nationwide.</b></p><div>​<span style="background-color:initial">The advent of 4G gave us mobile internet, which became a force to reckon with when smartphones came along. Now it’s time for the next step in the mobile network, and expectations are high. 5G will give us faster connections with fewer delays, and is a building block for the Internet of Things (IoT).</span></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The future of infrastructure, transport, automated production – everything will have the potential to be collected under one standard. 5G will be used for everything from advanced production units like robots, to self-driving cars or everyday objects in our homes. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The hope is to create a single integrated network, with extensive efficiency and quality gains.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Quite simply, 5G will lead us into a completely connected world that will fundamentally change and improve the way we live. It is the vision of an extensive network that serves a variety of different purposes. And this vision is promoted not only by big companies like Ericsson and Huawei, but also by governments,” says Erik Bohlin, professor at Chalmers.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Bohlin has conducted research in telecom and mobile phone matters for many years, and even helped the Swedish Government’s Committee on Transport and Communications to assess the potential effects of expanding broadband coverage in Sweden. Now he heads another important mission: to give Thailand the conditions it needs to implement 5G nationwide.<span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2" style="text-align:center">“5G is the vision of an extensive network that serves a variety of different purposes. And this vision is promoted not only by big companies like Ericsson and Huawei, but also by governments”</h2> <div style="text-align:center"> </div> <div style="text-align:center"><em>Erik Bohlin, Chalmers​</em></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>It is unusual that researchers are given such comprehensive responsibility when 5G is implemented in a country.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“I am proud and happy that we at Chalmers have been given the opportunity to carry out such an exciting project,” he says. “Thailand is supporting 5G and wants to be at the leading edge of the new technology to attract investments and to optimise their infrastructure.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The assignment comes from Thailand’s National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission, and the research involves collaboration with several of the world’s leading experts in the field. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>One of the challenges is to help the country develop efficient radio network planning and design the best possible radio spectrum auctions.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“All states use advanced auctions to sell transmission rights for parts of their frequency band,” he explains. “It is important to set up these auctions fairly, so they do not become too exorbitant or lead to one actor obtaining a monopoly.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>These auctions can generate large revenues for the state, Bohlin points out, so it is important to strike a good balance. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“In a recent 5G auction in Italy, the bidders paid a total of EUR 6 billion for the frequency licences. This is a complex policy choice. If the industry needs to spend too much on frequency licences, it will reduce their ability to invest.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Bohlin and his fellow researchers also look at how the licensing terms should be defined to meet the needs of the general public as well as future demand. This, too, is a balancing act, he says. For exam<span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span>ple, should all parts of the country have access to the technology, and how quickly must the actors build up the network? </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span><span><span><span></span></span></span></span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/ErikBohlin_190506_01.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" width="251" height="186" alt="" style="margin:5px" />&quot;If the requirements for rapid expansion is too harsh, it is possible that companies will not be a<span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span>ble to follow through on their investments. But if the conditions are too weak, the <span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span>network may not be as<span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span> e<span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span>xtensive as it should be,” Bohlin tells us.</div> <div><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><br /></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></div> <div>The project will be completed in autumn 2019. Bohlin hopes that <span><span></span></span>other countries can also benef<span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span>it from the results.<span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“We will transfer ideas and results, making them available at various conferences and in publications,” he says. “This project will allow for more open knowledge developme<span></span>nt in the field.” </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Bohlin thinks it is a great privilege to be able to do research on the telecom industry with its steady technological advances. But along with the many opportunities of 5G, he points out that it is important not to ignore the risks and challenges of the new technology. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“We know that many in Sweden and the rest of the world warn about the security aspects of 5G networks. There are hidden risks of wiretaps, and connecting all devices in a single integrated infrastructure creates a potential for vulnerability if someone can access the systems. So even if I’m something of a techno-optimist, we must be aware of the security risks that do exist.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text: </strong>Ulrika Ernström</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Photo: </strong>Ulrika Ernström and Carolina Pires Bertuol<br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Erik Bohlin on...</h3> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(51, 51, 51)"><strong>...the future and success potential of 5G</strong></span></p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“The vision of 5G is very grand and broad, but there is always some uncertainty in the beginning of a new generation of technology. It is not certain that everything in the 5G network will go through as planned: perhaps there are other competing solutions based on, say, Wi-Fi network capacity. When 3G came, there were many expectations of mobile Internet that did not come true. Mobile Internet didn’t really get off the ground until smartphones came, with a new user interface. So it takes several types of innovations for an initiative like this to succeed and work as intended.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong> far 5G has come in the world</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“These days, several actors say that they have ‘the world’s first 5G network’. Korea and the United States have made investments, and a big initiative is underway in the planning for the Summer Olympics in Tokyo in 2020. There is talk of a commercial launch by 2020, but even if the infrastructure is in place, it will take time before we have affordable phones so the technology becomes widespread. So we need to look at this in a more long-term perspective. 5G will develop gradually as a standard and exist alongside 4G for many years. Perhaps it will have made major strides in 5–7 years.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Chalmers helping Thailand to implement 5G </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div><ul><li>Charmers has been commissioned by the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC) in Thailand to provide the conditions and support the country needs in order to implement 5G. </li> <li>The project manager is Professor Erik Bohlin at the Science, Technology and Society division of the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers.</li> <li>Chalmers is collaborating with world leading experts in the field, such as Peter Cramton, professor at the University of Cologne and the University of Maryland, and Martin Cave of the London School of Economics.</li> <li>Chalmers and Erik Bohlin have collaborated with the NBTC for several years, including supervising several doctoral students from Thailand in the field.</li> <li>The project is being conducted in March–October 2019.</li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" /></a><a href="" target="_blank"><div style="display:inline !important"><span style="background-color:initial">Read more about Erik Bohlin</span></div></a><br />​<div><strong style="background-color:initial">More research on IT and mobile telephony:</strong><br /></div> <strong> </strong><div><strong> </strong></div> <strong> </strong><div><strong> </strong></div> <strong> </strong><div><strong> </strong></div> <strong> </strong><div><ul><li>Article on research by Maria Massaro, Chalmers doctoral student: <a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Maria-massaro-researches-radio-spectrum-regulation.aspx" target="_blank">“Who is in charge of the radio waves in Europe?”​</a></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">Erik Bohlin and Sven Lindmark have researched the importance of the expansion of the broadband network in Sweden: <a href="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/Sidor/Chalmersforskare-i-trafikutskottet-bredband-ger-ekonomisk-tillväxt.aspx" target="_blank">“Bredbandsutbyggnad ger ekonomisk tillväxt – och påverkar hela samhället” ​</a>(article in Swedish)</span></li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> Mon, 27 May 2019 09:00:00 +0200 impacts from disruptions in the transport system<p><b>​How can freight transport become more efficient? Per Wide has investigated how disruptions in freight transport are managed in real-time, in order to minimise the impact from disruptions in the transport system.​</b></p><div>Per Wide, PhD student at Chalmers, researches how real-time information can improve the management of disruptions in freight transport. Now, he presents his licentiate thesis: ”Recovery actions in freight transport through real-time disruption management”</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What challenges do you focus on in your research? </strong></div> <div>Freight transport has efficiency problems connected to management of disruptions. At the same time, a development of information systems and automatization within the transport sector are generating new demands and possibilities for how disruptions can be managed.</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>With your research, how are you aiming to address the problem?</strong></div> <div>I am investigating the recovery phase after disruptions to see how it can be improved by the use of more real-time information.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong>What do you hope for your research to lead to?</strong></div> <div>I hope the results of this research lead to insights for development and usage of decision support systems for recovery actions, that provide insights for more efficient transport systems and supply chains.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong>Text and photo:</strong> Ulrika Ernström</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More information</h3> <div>Per Wide is a PhD student at Chalmers, the Department of Technology Management and Economics and Organization, and connected to the Northern LEAD research center.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about Per Wide</a></div> <a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read Per Wide's licentiate thesis</a>Thu, 23 May 2019 09:00:00 +0200 nerds and a conversation<p><b>​How can we get from point A to point B in a sustainable way? How connected to the web do farmers need to be? What is the role of shipping logistics when it comes to e-commerce? And how can you connect rock ’n’ roll and logistics? Questions raised by Chalmers researcher Per Olof Arnäs, who has made it his mission to interview the rock stars of the logistics industry.</b></p><div>​<span style="background-color:initial">A digital audio file enabling you to listen to two people chatting, one person sharing their thoughts, or a group discussing a book together – the podcast concept is a broad one. And very simple according to Per Olof Arnäs, researcher and senior lecturer of logistics and transport, who uses his podcast <em><strong>Logistikpodden</strong></em> (<em>The Logistics Podcast</em> in Swedish) to introduce the celebrities of the logistics industry to society. </span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Today, Sweden is number five on the list of countries with the most podcast listeners. One of the most popular podcasts is called Serial, an American podcast where you follow an in-depth study of a murder investigation that took place more than 15 years ago. In the mass of doubtful evidence and old witness statements, Per Olof became a dedicated listener. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Serial was probably a gateway podcast for many people. I thought that I’d listen while I did the dishes, and before I knew it, I had listened to them all - one episode after another.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>He continued to listen to various podcasts on various subjects and eventually started to look for something closer to his own subject. A search for <em>Logistikpodden </em>revealed that no such podcast about logistics existed – yet. He had created a blog on the subject of logistics in 2011, and in preparation for its anniversary on 7 December 2014, he decided to try something new. He bought the domain <em><strong>Logistikpodden</strong></em>, and 10 minutes later he had decided to change platforms from text to audio. <span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2" style="text-align:center">“It’s just two nerds talking about something that they find interesting&quot;. </h2> <div style="text-align:center"> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P" style="text-align:center">Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers researcher </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P" style="text-align:center"><br /></p></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P" style="text-align:center"> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><em><strong>Logistikpodden</strong></em> is now a big hit in the industry. Focusing on the logistics industry and people, Per Olof invites guests to take part in a discussion starting with one single question:<em> Who are you?</em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“When two nerds talk about something they find interesting, it results in a conversation that is fun to listen to. There is no message, just their story. I enjoy good conversations, and people enjoy talking about themselves.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Per Olof’s message is that logistics can be fun. He wants to show this by highlighting the people who choose to work in the industry, but also by showing how broad and multi-faceted logistics can be. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/IMG_1844_bw_350x305.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" width="283" height="246" alt="" style="margin:5px" /></div> <div>“One of my guests was Dag Ericsson, who has been a logistics researcher since 1966. His history is quite a substantial part of him. However, with the start-up Budbee and its founder Fredrik Hamilton, we covered the past in 10 minutes and spent the rest of the time talking about the present and future.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>He hopes that the podcast will help to disseminate knowledge. Per Olof admits that he brings out the teacher in him to communicate the usefulness of the information that is discussed. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“There’s a difference between my podcast and two ‘dudes’ talking about what they did last weekend – even though that type of conversation sometimes comes up as well. For example, Lars Green, well-known in shipping logistics, had been to the legendary Studio 54 in New York in 1978. I simply had to ask him about that.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Not all guests in the podcasts actually work in logistics. Sometimes Per Olof thinks it is valuable to bring in additional perspectives and try to find the link to the industry. In one popular episode, we meet sustainability chef Paul Svensson.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Paul proved to be spot-on. He is extremely committed to sustainability, circular economy and suchlike. For instance, any leftover croissants are ground down to make brioche that is put in the freezer. They don’t throw anything away. He thinks about incoming deliveries and planning and has interesting opinions on various logistics solutions in the restaurant industry.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Per Olof’s goal is to attract listeners with a link to the logistics industry, not least his own students. However, he also thinks that the podcast is on a sufficiently understandable level for anyone.  </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Sometimes we get extra nerdy talking about inventory management, while other episodes are about theoretical aspects. But most of them are educational in a general sense. They are about the guest being interviewed. Sometimes I recommend certain episodes to my students. There is so much good material, and it helps to make the subject fun.” </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Journey, Van Morrison, and logistics</span></h3></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>By 7 December 2017, he had been making podcasts for three years. On the same day, after an interview with Jessica Rosencrantz, deputy chair on the Committee on Transport and Communications in the Swedish Parliament, Per Olof stood outside the parliament building and became fixated on the date: what would he do to celebrate his anniversary? 
</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“I got my 360-camera out and said thank you for listening, when my mouth suddenly said, ‘By the way, I’m going to start a podcast in English.’ It had crossed my mind before, but I hadn’t decided on anything. Luckily my mouth followed this up by saying, ‘in the coming year’.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Per Olof had previously heard that the new top-level domain .rocks had been released, and he now quickly secured the name for himself. In a vote among friends and colleagues on what the English podcast should be called, one name was the clear winner:<em> <strong>Logistics Rocks</strong></em>. In his new podcast, Per Olof saw his chance to combine his interests, logistics and rock music. And what’s more – as he says in the introduction to each episode – to introduce the rock stars of the logistics industry.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/IMG_0394.JPG" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" width="288" height="221" alt="" style="margin:5px" />The rock music theme is noticeable in various parts of the podcast. The logotype features an open-source variation on the Iron Maiden font, and the episodes are released in volumes, like a classic rock album. Additionally, all guests choose a rock song and give reasons for their choice. He then compiles the songs on a public Spotify playlist. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“The fact that the guests have to choose a song is a way of making them open up – an icebreaker. That gives me something to follow up on. Why have they chosen that particular song? Some people give it a lot of thought. For example, Helena Samsioe who works with drones in humanitarian logistics chose <em>Don’t Stop Believin’</em> by Journey.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Others pick a song without links to the subject, and instead quite simply because they like it.” </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The major difference between <em><strong>Logistikpodden</strong> </em>and <em><strong>Logistics Rocks</strong></em> is that the subject is now the focus rather than the person. 
</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Each volume has a theme. I’m interested in finding out what the guests do in the subject, in conveying their knowledge. The target group now is different: I want to reach listeners worldwide who are interested in logistics.” 
</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The first volume of <em><strong>Logistics Rocks</strong></em> is about humanitarian logistics. A subject that Per Olof feels is extremely important for the world to learn more about – a perspective that he wants to communicate in all the volumes’ subjects. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Humanitarian Logistics saves lives and goes beyond business models; work is done for humanity. My second volume is about autonomous vehicles, the third about Blockchain. I have also planned a volume on Urban Logistics and one on global trade. The subject doesn’t need to be super-topical, but it needs to be interesting and linked to logistics.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2" style="text-align:center"><font face="open sans, sans-serif">“In the words of my friend Martin Lindeskog: everyone has a podcast within themselves. I’m actually on my fourth one. But it’s secret for now.”</font><span></span><br /></h2> <div style="text-align:center"></div> <p class="chalmersElement-P" style="text-align:center">Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers researcher </p></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Podcasting as a researcher </h3> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Per Olof’s podcasts are permeated by one single philosophy: he says yes to things that are fun and things that he doesn’t fully understand. That’s why he will continue making his podcasts for as long as he finds it to be interesting. </p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial">However, one goal Per Olof likes to dream about will remain. To sit down in front of the microphone and talk logistics with some of his favourite nerds: Tim Cook, Jeff Bezos, Richard Branson or Elon Musk.</span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>And his message to the academic world is that all researchers should start a podcast.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“There are advantages, such as the fact that podcasting can lead to collaborations and so on. But of course, first and foremost, you need to find it exciting. In the words of my friend Martin Lindeskog: everyone has a podcast within themselves. I’m actually on my fourth one. But it’s secret for now.” 
</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>
</div> <div> </div> <div> <strong> </strong></div> <div> </div> <div><strong> </strong></div> <div> </div> <div> <strong> </strong></div> <div> </div> <div><strong> </strong></div> <div> </div> <div> <strong> </strong></div> <div> </div> <div><strong> </strong></div> <div> </div> <div> <strong> </strong></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text: Hiba Fawaz</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">MORE INFORMATION</span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong><em>Logistikpodden</em></strong> aims to highlight the celebrities, proponents, and experts in the logistics industry through discussions. You can download the podcast via any podcast app or <a href="">listen to Logistikpodden here &gt;&gt;</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong><em>Logistics Rocks </em></strong>is a podcast that wants to draw more attention to the logistics industry by highlighting various subjects and perspectives in logistics. You can download the podcast via any podcast app or <a href="">listen to Logistics Rocks here &gt;&gt;</a> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>For anyone interested in planning a podcast on their own, you can follow Per Olof Arnäs and Lena Göthberg (from Shipping Podcast) in their podcast <strong><em>Podgeek</em></strong>. There, they talk about their knowledge and experiences about starting a pod. <a href="">Listen to Podgeek here &gt;&gt; </a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div>Thu, 23 May 2019 09:00:00 +0200 studies how digitalization transforms the legal industry<p><b>​The legal industry is facing major challenges. Charlotta Kronblad researches how law firms and legal organisations transform in digitalization.</b></p><div>​<span style="background-color:initial">Charlotta Kronblad is a doctoral student at Chalmers, the Department of Technology Management and Economics. Now, she presents her licentiate thesis: ”The Last Hour: How Digitalization has Transformed Firms in the Legal Industry”.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What challenges do you focus on in your research? </strong></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">My research focuses on how law firms and legal organisations transform in digitalization. </span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>How do you address this challenge?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">I want to follow the organisations on their digitization journey, to create an understanding of the challenges. But also, to show the fantastic opportunities that digitization brings. Because it’s not only about turning analogue into digital – it´s also about changing business models and changing mindsets. </span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What would you like to achieve with your research?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>The legal profession is in need of change. I hope that my research will help firms and organisations in their digital transformation, and I also hope that my research will help improve the quality and accessibility of legal services.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text and photo:</strong> Ulrika Ernström</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>More information</span></h3></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div><p class="chalmersElement-P"><span>Charlotta Kronblad is a doctoral student at Chalmers, the Department of Technology Management and Economics, and studies the effects of digitalization on the legal industry</span></p></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="" target="_blank"></a><div><a href="" target="_blank">Read more about Charlotta Kronbland<br /></a></div> <div>Read Charlotta Kronblads licentiate thesis: <a href=""><span><span style="background-color:initial">”The Last Hour: How Digitalization has Transformed Firms in the Legal Industry”.<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></span></a><br /><a href="" target="_blank"></a></div></div> <div> </div> ​Mon, 20 May 2019 09:00:00 +0200 wants to change the perception of audits<p><b>​ Audits should add more value to a company than a certificate on the wall. Jan Lenning wants to make sure audits create real benefits for companies, instead of being perceived as a control mechanism.</b></p><div>​How can audits of management systems be developed to add more value to companies, instead of being perceived mostly as a control mechanism? Jan Lenning, industrial doctoral student at Chalmers, has put focus on the issue in his research. Now, he presents his licentiate thesis: &quot;Towards an augmented audit service&quot;, which will help companies sharpen their audit work.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What challenges do you address in your research? </strong></div> <div>More than 1.6 million organisations are certified to any of the available ISO management system standards today. With a certification comes a requirement to plan and execute both external and internal audits of the certified management system. Earlier research, and my own experience, points towards that these audits are perceived as a control mechanism which is costly and requires resources, and less as an activity that results in business relevant improvements of the management system.     </div> <div>         </div> <div><strong>How do you contribute to solve this situation?</strong></div> <div>The purpose of my research is to bring forward tangible improvements of the audit process which any auditor can apply. By implementing these improvements auditors should be able to add value, beyond having a certificate on the wall. The suggested improvements are grounded in my own and earlier research about audits, and should be possible to implement on your own or with some support.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What would you like to achieve with your research?</strong></div> <div>My objective is to contribute to changing the view of external and internal audits, from being a control mechanism, to become a tool for business relevant improvements of an organisation´s management system.     </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text and photo:</strong> Ulrika Ernström</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">FACTS: paves the way for improved audits</h3> <div>Jan Lenning industrial doctoral student at Chalmers, the Department of Technology Management and Economics, at the Service Management and Logistics Division. </div> <div> </div> <div>The purpose of his research is to advance audits to become a tool not only for confirming compliance to requirements such as ISO 9001, but also to be perceived as a tool for identification of business relevant opportunities for improvement.</div> <div><span><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/janle.aspx" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" /></a></span><a href=""><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>Read the licentiate thesis of Jan Lenning: &quot;Towards an augmented audit service&quot;</a><br /></div> <div><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more on Jan Lenning</a><br /></div>Wed, 08 May 2019 10:00:00 +0200 in focus during May<p><b>​If you are interested in entrepreneurship, then Chalmers has a lot to offer you in May. You can learn about future innovation through inspiring lectures, listen to the pioneers of tomorrow, and network with other ambitious innovators. And all of this will come with a strong focus on entrepreneurship.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">One event is Venture Launch, at Veras Gräsmatta. Here, the entrepreneurs of the future from Chalmers School of Entrepreneurship will pitch their business ideas. And at the Wallmark Seminar, you can listen to Michael Beer, from Harvard Business School, who will talk about how to develop organisations which strive for social value and economic profitability.<br />   </span><div>Entrepreneurship is a vital part of everything we do at Chalmers. It is there when we develop new ideas, when we work through problems, and when we face the challenges of the future. </div> <div>With our world-class research as a starting-off point, we focus on creating new solutions and innovations, in close cooperation with industry and wider society, in order to create maximum value for everyone.</div> <div>Welcome! <br /><br /></div> <div><strong>6-11 May</strong> <a href="">#gbgtechweek</a></div> <div>During one week, several diverse and inspiring events, covering the full range from tech to business, is hosted for the public in Gothenburg. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>6 May</strong> <a href="">COMPINN</a></div> <div>West Swedish Incubators and Science Parks welcome you to one of the hottest events presenting companies of the future. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>7 May</strong> <a href="/en/about-chalmers/calendar/Pages/Brown-Bag-Lunch---The-Revolut-Story.aspx">Brown Bag lunch: Disrupting banking as we know it - the Revolut story</a></div> <div>Revolut is the fastest growing FinTech unicorn in Europe with 4,5 million users &amp; 80 000 registered business accounts. Community Manager at Revolut, Hanna Johansson,  will share the Revolut story and insights of how to scale up a business fast from the perspective of a radically growing FinTech startup. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>7-10 May</strong> <a href="">3E Conference – ECSB Entrepreneurship Education Conference</a></div> <div>The conference offers an exclusive and engaging opportunity for researchers, educators and politicians to debate and exchange their experiences of the major challenges and advances in enterprise education with a special and unique focus on Europe. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>8 May</strong> <a href="">Sustainable you: workplace, equality and sustainability, a day of insight</a></div> <div>Women in Tech Gothenburg and Dome of Visions invites the hardest working local organizations in the field of equality to share their perspective on sustainability. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>14 May</strong> <a href="/en/about-chalmers/calendar/Pages/Fit-to-compete.aspx">Wallmark seminar with Prof Emeritus Mike Beer, Harvard Business School</a></div> <div>Fit to compete - how to build a high commitment and high performing organization </div> <div>What are the challenges faced by organizations trying to combine high commitment to social value with high financial performance? Professor Beer argues that the main hurdle for organizations is the absence of a core management process that enables them to have open and honest conversations about what stands in the way of their success.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>15 May</strong> <a href="/en/about-chalmers/calendar/Pages/Venture-Launch-2019.aspx">Chalmers School of Entrepreneurship Venture Launch 2019</a></div> <div>The venture teams from Chalmers School of Entrepreneurship started their start-up project in collaboration with Chalmers Ventures one year ago. Now it is time to see what they have created. Come to the Venture Launch and experience the big pitch battle between future entrepreneurs. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>4 June</strong> <a href="/en/about-chalmers/calendar/Pages/Brown-Bag-lunch---A-Paradoxical-approach-to-Innovation.aspx">Brown Bag lunch: A Paradoxical approach to Innovation​</a></div> <div>- How Metaboxical (Out of the Box) Thinking Can Expand the “Box”. </div> <div>Ken Mulligan, adjunct professor of entrepreneurship and innovation at Arizona State University, explores how metaboxical thinking can resolve this apparent paradox using a systematic approach to creativity and innovation which simultaneously uses the contents of the Box and expands the Box.  </div> <div><br /></div> Mon, 29 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0200 och hållbarhet på Northern LEAD Day<p><b>​Framtidens logistiklösningar stod i fokus på årets upplaga av Northern LEAD Day i april. Dagen bjöd på spännande forskning – allt från matematisk modellering av produktionsprocesser till handelslogistikens miljöpåverkan.</b></p>​Drygt 70 personer från akademin, näringslivet och det offentliga deltog i halvdagsseminariet Northern LEAD Day på Veras Gräsmatta på Chalmers den 10 april, där ett axplock av forskningen som pågår inom Northern LEAD presenterades. Inledde gjorde Stefan Jacobsson, industridoktorand på Chalmers, som berättade om projektet Dreamit – digital accesshantering i terminaler och hamnar. <br />– Det handlar om att dela relevant information mellan chaufförer, åkare och terminaler i realtid, så att man kan reducera köbildning och minska väntetider för de lastbilar som använder systemet, förklarade han. <br /><br /><strong>Nytt hållbarhetsindex för logistik </strong><br />Nästa anförande höll doktoranden Kamran Rashidi från Handelshögskolan vid Göteborgs universitet, som tagit fram ett förslag till ett nytt hållbarhetsindex för logistik; Sustainable Operational Logistics Performance (SOLP) – ett komplement till Världsbankens Logistics Performance Index (LPI).<br />SOLP tittar på kriterier som jobbskapande, energianvändning, utsläpp av växthusgaser och logistikaktivitet. Och Sverige – som kom tvåa av 160 länder i den senaste LPI-rankingen 2018 – hamnar bara på 14e plats av 22 rankade länder i SOLP – långt efter länder som USA, Slovakien och Slovenien. <br />– Sverige får bra poäng för jobbskapande och logistikaktivitet, men när det gäller energianvändning och utsläpp av växthusgaser har Sverige långt kvar till toppen, sa Kamran Rashidi.<br /><br /><strong>Matematik för bättre logistik </strong><br />Efter Kamran Rashidi tog Chalmersforskaren Sunney Fotedar vid, som forskar på hur man kan använda matematisk modellering för att effektivisera kapacitetsutnyttjande i industrin. Han berättade om ett pågående projekt med GKN Aerospace i Trolllhättan, där en utmaning är att vissa tillverkningsmaskiner är nyare och snabbare – och därmed mer “populära” än andra.<br />– De blir ofta överbelagda vilket orsakar köer, samtidigt som andra maskiner står still. <br />Med en matematisk optimeringsmodell för att planera användningen av maskinerna mer taktiskt, hoppas man kunna utnyttja resurserna mer effektivt. <br /><br /><strong>Panel om hamnkonflikten</strong><br />Sara Rogerson, forskare på SSPA, höll ett panelsamtal om de logistiska konsekvenser av konflikten i Göteborgs containerhamn, där Johan Ehn, redare på GKN och ordförande för Göteborgs Skeppsmäklareförening och Stefan Gustavsson, näringspolitisk chef på Västsvenska Handelskammaren, gav sin bild av hamnkonflikten.  Enligt Stefan Gustavsson har Göteborg som varumärke och logistiknav fått sig en rejäl törn. <br />– För mig innebar konflikten en hel del merarbete. Istället för att driva saker framåt fick vi ägna oss åt att lösa en hamnkonflikt. <br />Enligt Johan Ehn har konflikten drabbat både varuägare, rederier och speditörer hårt ekonomiskt. Men effekterna kommer märkas under lång tid och kan innebära uteblivna investeringar – konsekvenser som är svåra att mäta. <br />– För en liten stad som Göteborg är det enormt viktigt att företag som till exempel Volvobolagen gör sina investeringar här.<br /><br /><strong>Handelslogistik i fokus </strong><br />Efter kaffepaus och mingel var det dags för nästa pass – handelslogistik. Först ut var Chalmersdoktoranden Emmelie Gustafsson, som forskar i hur man kan använda digital modellering för att effektivisera handelns försörjningskedjor och förbättra kundupplevelser.<br />I försörjningskedjan kan digitala modellering användas på flera sätt; dels för att scanna till exempel fötter, men också för att scanna varorna i butik eller direkt hos tillverkaren. <br />– Den grundläggande nivån är att kunna scanna foten och använda informationen i butiken, nästa nivå är att matcha mot olika modeller av skor, högsta nivån är att se till systemanvändandet och matcha produkter med kunden som helhet, och kanske föreslå produkter som kunden inte vet att den behöver.<br /><br /><strong>Ohållbara returer</strong><br />Nästa talare var Sharon Cullinane, professor i hållbar logistik på Handelshögskolan. Tillsammans med forskarkollegan Michael Browne har hon tittat på vad som händer med returer från e-handeln i Sverige. <br />I Europa returneras i genomsnitt 22 procent av allt som köps på nätet. Inom mode är returandelen 60 procent och för festkläder är siffran över 90 procent. <br />I snitt kräver en retur tre gånger så mycket hantering än att skicka en vanlig e-handelsorder.<br />– Returer skickas ofta iväg till tredje land, till exempel Estland eller Polen, för sortering och bearbetning, och sedan tillbaka till Sverige. Och de flesta konsumenter har ingen aning om det här. <br />Flera åtgärder krävs för att minska returernas miljöpåverkan: som att arbeta för att minska antalet, effektivisera returprocesserna och öka kundinformationen. I vissa fall kan man också strunta i att ta tillbaka varan. <br />– Ofta är det mer ekonomiskt att bara skicka en ny. Miljön och logistiken tar stor skada av det här, många handlare vill minska sina returer, men vet de inte var de ska börja. Och ingen vågar vara först att ta betalt för returer. <br /><br /><strong>Samordnad citylogistik </strong><br />Sist ut var doktoranden Alena Brettmo från Handelshögskolan, som forskar i urbana godsflöden. Hon tittar bland annat på intermediära organisationer – som inte är en direkt del av logistikkedjan, men har stor makt över citylogistiken. <br />– Det är företag och aktörer som genererar godstransporter och tar beslut som påverkar stadstrafiken. En fastighetsägare som äger ett kvarter eller ett köpcentrum i staden har möjlighet att nå ut med förändringar, till exempel samordning av leveranser, som annars kan vara svårt att få till. <br />Utmaningen i citylogistikprojekt är ofta vem som ska bekosta dem. <br /><div>– Värdena som skapas är ofta publika – till exempel minskad trafik och ökad trivsel. Men kostnaderna hamnar på privata aktörer. Det gäller att hitta modeller som fungerar. <br /><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Text: </strong>Hilda Hultén<br /><strong>Foto:</strong> Daniel Karlsson<br /></div>Fri, 26 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0200 to Navigate as a Leader of Collaborative Innovation<p><b>​ When a group of people from different organizations come together in order to explore new possibilities or to develop new products, services or business solutions, they enter into the process of collaborative innovation. Though the level of motivation is usually high, so is the level of uncertainty. This makes leading this kind of work a challenge. By studying two ongoing collaborative innovation processes, the KIVI project has developed theoretical knowledge as well as practical tools.</b></p><div>​“Researchers sometimes portray collaborative innovation as about organizations agreeing to work together and then they just getting on and delivering it. Of course, what we’ve learned over the two years of the KIVI project is that it doesn’t happen like that. People have lots of great ideas for what they want to do together, but it really takes some careful coordination to take those ideas and actually make them happen. We’ve looked into what this type of coordination involves,” says Jane Webb, doctoral candidate at the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology.</div> <div> </div> <div>Jane Webb and her colleague, Professor Susanne Ollila, have used an action research approach when exploring the collaborative innovation processes in two Gothenburg-based cases; ElectriCity and Positive Footprint Housing. The method involves researchers and practitioners working closely together. In the KIVI project, the researchers worked with the coordinators of the two project cases, as well as Johanneberg Science Park, Riksbyggen and Volvo. </div> <div> </div> <div>“It has been a total luxury to work so closely with the practitioners and to learn together with them,” says Jane Webb. “Both cases are fundamentally about very different organizations coming together and not totally knowing why they are coming together and what to expect from the other organizations. They are very explorative partnerships, but with a strong idea that they want to work together and that something great is going to come out of collaborating. The leadership challenge is then to help all these different people understand the scope of what this partnership is about and to lead them through the uncertainty so that they develop activities that benefit them and their organizations.”</div> <div> </div> <div><h4 class="chalmersElement-H4" style="text-align:center">People have lots of great ideas for what they want to do together, but it really takes some careful coordination to take those ideas and actually make them happen”</h4> <h6 class="chalmersElement-H6" style="text-align:center"><strong><em>Jane Webb, Chalmers</em></strong></h6> <div> </div></div> <div>While the practitioners have developed a set of practical tools, Jane Webb and Susanne Ollila have identified three ‘spaces’ within collaborative innovation characterized by very different relationships between organizations; the learning space, the delivery space and the member organizations’ space. </div> <div> </div> <div>The first aspect represents the initial explorative part of a collaborative innovation process where people come together as peers and equals and engage in a mutual learning. The second aspect has to do with the delivery phase, that has more in common with regular project management, but this time involves multiple organizations in joint activities. The third and final aspect relates to what the different organizations bring with them into collaborative innovation - how they organize internally to resource participation in the setting of collaborative innovation, different set of norms, roles and responsibilities as well as different goals. </div> <div> </div> <div>“The message is to understand that there are very different types of relationships within a setting of collaborative innovation. As a leader you need to think carefully about the purpose of different meetings or different groups – is it about learning from one another or are we in a delivery phase where we need to make clear who is driving what activity? It is important to understand that this process is going to feel quite different from delivering projects and getting on with work in your own organization. Collaborative innovation requires much more effort to really find out who wants to be involved and that they then live up to all the different expectations that others place on them.”</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text and photo:</strong> Karin Wijdegård, Johanneberg Science Park</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Facts about the KIVI-project</h4> <div>The KIVI-project is a collaboration led by <a href="" target="_blank">Johanneberg Science Park</a> and financed by <a href="" target="_blank">Vinnova</a>,  with partners <a href="/en/departments/tme/Pages/default.aspx">Chalmers University of Technology</a>,<a href=""> Ecoplan</a>, <a href="">Riksbyggen</a> and <a href="">Volvo</a>. It was carried out between 2016 and 2019. During its final seminar on April 11, 2019 the theoretical study as well as the practical tools will be presented. <br /></div>Mon, 08 Apr 2019 10:00:00 +0200 and co-creation in focus at EurOMA Forum 2019<p><b>​ For two days, 140 researchers with a passion for sustainability in operations and supply chains gathered at Chalmers to gain new ideas, debate and engage together. But also – to shed light on the complexity and the many unsolved questions within the field.</b></p><div>​”We are in love with the subject. Let´s start the co-creation!” </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>
With those words, Professor Mats Johansson at Chalmers marked the opening of the 6th EurOMA Sustainable Operations and Supply Chains Forum. The Forum, arranged by Chalmers Department of Technology Management of Economics, gathered more than 140 participants from all over the world, looking to explore questions of how to develop, improve, operate and study operations and supply chains in a truly sustainable way.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/en/departments/tme/news/Documents/AnneToubolic_190318_04_750x540.jpg" alt="AnneToubolic_190318_04_750x540.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" width="274" height="197" style="margin:5px" />Doctor Anne Touboulic, Assistant Professor at Nottingham University Business School and member of the committee of the EurOMA Forum, emphasized the importance of finding your own voice in research and society – and at the same time understanding that we need to engage with others. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;The academia has us working in silos, but events like the EurOMA Forum help us break away from that. We must listen to different perspectives, reflect and be critical of each other’s work.  It´s the only way to create change – otherwise, we will just produce the same knowledge and perspectives over and over again, she says. </div> <div> </div> <div>Anne Touboulic has seen the Forum develop during the years. 
</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Today, we have a new generation of researchers who see themselves as research activists. They have a strong sustainability focus, trying to challenge the status quo”, she says.</div> <div> </div> <div>One of the first-time visitors of the EurOMA Forum was Eman El-Akkad, a doctoral student at University of Minho. For her, the Forum provided an opportunity to meet new people and receive valuable input on her research. At the conference, she presented her work on plastic bottles reverse logistics in Egypt – a challenge she is taking on with great enthusiasm. 
</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div style="text-align:left"><img src="/en/departments/tme/news/Documents/EmanEl-Akkad_190318_01_750x540.jpg" alt="EmanEl-Akkad_190318_01_750x540.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" width="269" height="194" style="margin:0px 5px" />&quot;With my research, I hope to change the huge problem in Egypt with garbage management and recycling. No plastic bottles are returnable in Egypt and you can’t drink tap water – so the consumption is very high. At my presentation, the audience really helped me with ideas for my Ph.D. This is a fantastic chance to gain a context for your research and build relationships with new people. Especially since the participants come from different countries and cultures – that really opens new ideas”, she says.</div> <br /><div>As a board member of EorOMA, Professor Stefan Seuring at the University of Kassel is a true veteran of the Forum. He has visited all six conferences and has seen them grow each year.
 “We started with 60 participants, today we are 140. Sustainability certainly is a hot topic”, he says.<br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Stefan Seuring praised the good feedback atmosphere at the conference and pointed out the importance of these kinds of gatherings.
</div> <div><br /> </div> <div><span><h4 class="chalmersElement-H4" style="text-align:center">“We must listen to different perspectives, reflect and be critical of each other’s work. It´s the only way to create change”</h4></span><div style="text-align:center"><span> <h6 class="chalmersElement-H6"><em>Dr Anne Touboulic<span style="display:inline-block"></span></em></h6></span></div></div> <div><br /></div> “You step outside of your cubicle and get feedback from other people in the field who are not a part of your team and might have a completely different view”, he says. <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>He highlights the challenge of digitalization as one of the most important issues in the research field right now.</div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/en/departments/tme/news/Documents/StefanSeuring_190318_06_750x540.jpg" alt="StefanSeuring_190318_06_750x540.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" width="283" height="203" style="margin:0px 10px" />&quot;Will digitalization actually improve sustainability issues, or not? We just don’t know yet. We can use Big Data to look at different issues, but at the same time we have to ask ourselves what is acceptable. Is the monitoring of your suppliers appropriate? I see a lot of open questions”, he says, and adds with a smile:</div> <div>“I guess that’s the advantage of being an academic – I´m allowed to ask questions without having the answers”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>Professor Mats Johansson at Chalmers, one of the organizers of this year’s Forum, believe that the discussions at the conference highlighted the complexity and the many unsolved questions of the field.</div> <div> </div> <div>“There are no simple solutions since the solutions we are going for have drawbacks and might be in conflict with other sustainability goals. That complexity becomes very clear at events like this. But perhaps this is as it should be – you leave the Forum with more questions than answers”, he says.</div> <div> </div> <div>Mats Johansson also points out the width of the subjects at the Forum.</div> <div> </div> <div>“There was a very broad spectrum of different topics related to social or environmental sustainability. For example, we had papers on modern slavery, climate change, waste handling and policies”, he says.</div> <div> </div> <div>The theme of the conference, Engagement and Co-creation of knowledge, was visible in different ways during the two days. At the sessions much time was offered for discussions, and the audience was encouraged to write down their thoughts on a post-it for the presenter to take away from the conference.</div> <div> </div> <div>“We tried to find big and small things to engage people in co-creation and discussions”, Mats Johansson says.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text: </strong>Ulrika Ernström</div> <div><strong>Photo: </strong>Carolina Pires Bertuol<br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Facts About The Forum</h4></div> <div> </div> <div>The 6th EurOMA Sustainable Operations and Supply Chains Forum took place between March 18 and 19, at Chalmers. It was arranged by Chalmers Department of Technology Management of Economics and gathered more than 140 participants from all over the world. Next year the EurOMA Forum will be held at the Nottingham University Business School.<br /></div>Thu, 28 Mar 2019 09:00:00 +0100 Sweden’s big companies through change processes<p><b>​Change is difficult. Even though companies need innovation and development to survive, it challenges everything that is stable and efficient in the organisation. Worse, there are so many changes going on simultaneously that it risks becoming very messy. Now the Center for Higher Ambition Leadership Europe at Chalmers University of Technology is bringing together some of Sweden’s largest companies to discuss how to navigate in this time of upheaval.</b></p><div>​<span style="background-color:initial">“We need to shift gears. And that means we need to change the way we work.”</span></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Many companies today are wrestling with massive change processes, and the need for innovation just keeps growing. Associate Professor Tobias Fredberg at Chalmers knows. He is the director of the Center for Higher Ambition Leadership Europe and has spent nearly two decades conducting research on change processes in large organisations.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Organisations today are under huge pressure to change,” he says. “Globalisation, digitalisation, sustainability issues – many sweeping transformation processes in organisations happen all at the same time, and not symmetrically. Keeping it all together and creating a unified common vision is incredibly difficult.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The big challenge is in being both innovative and efficient at the same time. It’s not an easy task.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“We know that if organisations don’t put time and effort into entrepreneurship and innovation, they won’t make it,” Fredberg says. “At the same time, these changes muddy the waters – suddenly the well-organised project portfolio no longer works, and everything we’re used to doing is turned on its ear. Efficiency falters – and not just in one area, but everywhere.”
</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Now the Center for Higher Ambition Leadership Europe is bringing together Sweden’s biggest companies that are facing major transformations. At the Transformation Leader Summit on 2 April, participants will delve deeply into change processes, exchange experiences and gain new knowledge. One important element is that all participants will bring a challenge from their own company, which will be discussed in round table format. The day is largely about taking time to reflect and having the opportunity to develop new perspectives, Fredberg explains.
</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Often, we are so focused on our tasks that we are not able to take a step back to see the big picture. But this summit will allow participants to share their experiences and challenges with others who are in the same boat. This creates respect for one another’s insights, and groups tend to develop faith in each other quite quickly. It’s completely different than bringing in a consultant.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The staff at the Center for Higher Ambition Leadership Europe has many years of experience and a broad agenda for helping organisations to pursue change processes and create trust and dedication in major changes.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“We see that we have a role to play in one of the most difficult situations there is: making these transitions and fundamentally changing the organisation as a system,” Fredberg says.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div style="text-align:center"><h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">“Companies that really care about the community and sustainability issues and are motivated by a higher purpose – and that have built this into their organisation – tend to have more dedicated employees and also make more money in the long run”</h4></div> <div> </div> <div style="text-align:center"> </div> <h6 class="chalmersElement-H6"> </h6><h6 class="chalmersElement-H6" style="text-align:center"><strong>Tobias Fredberg, Chalmers</strong></h6><h6 class="chalmersElement-H6"> </h6><h6 class="chalmersElement-H6"> </h6><h6 class="chalmersElement-H6"> </h6><div style="text-align:center"><div> </div></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>It’s common for organisations going through change processes to focus too much on things that divide them instead of on what they have in common, which can unite the organisation in its efforts, he explains. To a large degree, transformation is about “accepting the mess” and quickly make it work. Successful change is about how fast you organise the work on the new initiatives, even if it doesn’t turn out perfectly. You don’t have to be as quick about smoothing things out again, what you need is a focus on the common vision, the future value that the organisation is aiming for.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“One major challenge is that the relationships we have built up with our customers and employees must be reestablished. We need to understand how we can adapt and move these relationships into the future. This is difficult, because we want people to be happy.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Fredberg emphasizes that getting coworkers involved in the process is key. “I don’t think people fundamentally oppose change, unless it involves losing their jobs, of course. Learning new systems and so on can be complicated, but the obstacle is not so much change resistance as worry. Change requires a good process, in which people feel motivated, respected, involved and dedicated.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Engagement and trust in the organisation are important cornerstones, and the lack of them, Fredberg says, is a main reason that many transformation processes do not achieve their goals. He talks about a 2012 Gallup poll that showed that only 16% of Swedes are really engaged in their jobs, while another survey of western Europeansshow that only half trust their company’s management.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“If you don’t care about your job, why would you put your heart into a change effort?” he says. “Engagement is very strongly linked to different types of results in a company.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Corporate Social Responsibility – CSR – has increasingly become a buzzword in recent years. But Fredberg sees a development in which there is a risk that CSR simply becomes <span>“<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>compliance<span>“<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>, “sticking to the rules,” or “giving back” as some sort of obligation, rather than building an organisation in a new way.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>He promotes a different approach, a new relationship to the community and to the employees.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Companies that really care about the community and sustainability issues and are motivated by a higher purpose – and that have built this into their organisation – tend to have more dedicated employees and also make more money in the long run,” he says. “But not necessarily in the short term. That is a great challenge.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>He hopes that the Transformation Leader Summit will lead to new insights for the participants, and also that the centre can test its ideas and learn from the participants. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Succeeding with transformations and having engaged employees whose heart is in their work are some of the most important and most difficult issues for an organisation to achieve its goals and to flourish. We at the Center for Higher Ambition Leadership Europe absolutely love what we do,” he says, “and we dare to believe that we can make a difference.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text: </strong>Ulrika Ernström</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">More about the Transformation Leader Summit
</h4> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The Transformation Leader Summit will be held on 2 April 2019 at the Center for Higher Ambition Leadership Europe at Chalmers University of Technology. It will involve some 40 participants from 16 companies in Sweden that are going through major change processes.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Some of the speakers </strong><strong>are:</strong><strong>
</strong> Rickard Berkling, CEO at CPAC Systems, a part of the Volvo Group.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Lynne Wedall</strong>, former HR manager at Selfridges</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">More about the Center for Higher Ambition Leadership Europe</h4> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Chalmers’ Center for Higher Ambition Leadership Europe strives to help leaders with higher ambitions to create efficient organisations in which social and financial value go hand-in-hand. The centre is partnered with several major companies in Sweden, and they share their experiences and help to find innovative solutions for how to head companies that are more inspiring and efficient and create greater and more lasting values for their stakeholders.
</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The research centre is headed by <a href="/en/staff/Pages/tobias-fredberg.aspx" target="_blank">Tobias Fredberg</a>, director, and <a href="/sv/personal/redigera/Sidor/emma-brink.aspx" target="_blank">Emma Brink</a>, operating manager.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Read more about the <a href="/en/centres/chle/Pages/default.aspx">Center for Higher Ambition Leadership Europe </a></div> <div></div>Thu, 28 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +0100 standard counts the cost of environmental damage<p><b>Environmental damage costs society enormous amounts of money – and often leaves future generations to foot the bill. Now, a new ISO standard will help companies valuate and manage the impact of their environmental damage, by providing a clear figure for the cost of their goods and services to the environment.</b></p><p></p> <div>We know what goods and services cost us, but what does the environment pay? For many years now, this question has been the focus of several global companies and researchers at the Swedish Life Cycle Center, a competence centre hosted by Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden. For as long as 30 years, they have been using the so-called <a href="">EPS tool</a> to place a monetary value on environmental damage.</div> <div> </div> <div>Over the past three years, Bengt Steen, Professor Emeritus at Chalmers, has led the development of a new ISO standard for monetary valuation. The work has been in collaboration with AB Volvo, Essity, Nouryon (formerly Akzo Nobel Specialty Chemicals) and the IVL Swedish Environmental Institute. The initiative was taken by Swedish Life Cycle Center.</div> <div> </div> <div>“One reason why sustainable development does not move fast enough is that it is not linked to the economy,” says Bengt Steen. “Experts speak one language, and business leaders another. The negative environmental effects often remain just figures on paper. But by translating environmental issues into a monetary value, it becomes much easier to present the whole picture to an organisation and influence their strategic decisions.”</div> <div> </div> <div>Unlike many other tools, EPS weighs different types of environmental impacts, not just the effect on climate. For example, a given course of action may be beneficial for the climate but damaging for biodiversity or public health. With this approach, an overall picture is reached of what impact a product or service has on the environment, throughout its entire life cycle. A large variety of aspects are covered. Until now, this has been complex work, requiring a lot of manual input and expert knowledge.</div> <div> </div> <div>“With this standard, we can remove several of the obstacles to increased usage of monetary valuation. In a few years, when users can routinely assess the total environmental damage cost for a given investment, supplier, product design and so on, environmental issues can occupy a more central place in the boardroom. Costs to the environment can be presented side by side with profits for the company,” says Bengt Steen.</div> <div> </div> <div>Emma Ringström, Sustainability Manager at Nouryon, says that monetary valuation has given the company much valuable insight.</div> <div> </div> <div>“We have made monetary valuation of a number of our value chains and included the results of this ​​in our annual report. The analyses include financial, social, human and environmental capital, where environmental capital is partly calculated with life cycle assessment and with EPS as a valuation method. The tool has also used to see which activities in the value chain have a large total environmental damage cost compared to profit, and therefore need to be prioritised to become more sustainable.”</div> <div> </div> <div>Although tools such as EPS have existed for 30 years, and many companies like Nouryon use them to calculate their costs to the environment, Bengt Steen believes their development moves too slowly. There is no standardised framework, and few databases exist that enable their use in a uniform manner.</div> <div> </div> <div>Therefore, in 2015, the idea of a new ISO standard was born within Swedish Life Cycle Center. Together with SIS – the Swedish Standards Institute – a proposal was written that now after just over three years of work, together with many internationally recognised experts, is launched.</div> <div> </div> <div>“Few things yield such an impact as these type of heavyweight, international standards,” explains Bengt Steen. “When companies in the future can see where there are clear environmental benefits, investments are stimulated for a sustainable business.”</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">The ISO standard</a> contains a guide for how monetary valuation should be made, defines terms and sets requirements for documentation. By extension, the standard is expected to lead to increased collaboration between experts of various kinds, as well as helping to create credible databases and software.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>How to calculate a monetary valuation of environmental impacts </strong></div> <div>With monetary valuation of environmental impacts, many different aspects are taken into consideration. These can include energy consumption, climate impact, material use and emissions into water, air and soil. During a product’s lifetime, the amount of emissions generated, and amount of resources expended can also be measured. These lead to many demonstrable environmental effects, such as reduced crop yields, lower fish stocks and shortened human life spans, due to floods and heat waves.</div> <div> </div> <div>Finally, using generally accepted sources, such as the OECD's estimate of people's productivity value, and market prices for cereals, fish and meat, the cost of the impact can be ascertained. The end result is a concrete figure, calculated in Euros.</div> <div>In some cases, the figure represents a real incurred cost for the company, in the form of taxation or fees. In other cases, the figure signals possible future economic liabilities, or is simply a sign that the product results in environmental damage that the company wants to avoid.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>A simple example of environmental impact valuation</strong></div> <div>Imagine a wooden chair, which is worn out and needs to be disposed of. The chair weighs 12 kg. There are two options:</div> <div> </div> <div>1. Throw the chair into a nearby rubbish bin, after which it ends up in landfill.</div> <div>2. Drive the chair to a heating plant 10 km away, where it will be burned, and used for local heating instead of fossil fuels.</div> <div> </div> <div>In the first case, the cost of transport and the landfill is low – 0.40 Euros, and the emissions from the transport are largely negligible. But, the degradation of the wood in the landfill takes place under oxygen-poor conditions, resulting in 4 kg of methane being formed. This leaks into the atmosphere and contributes to the greenhouse effect. The environmental cost of methane emissions has been calculated at EUR 3.80/kg using the EPS methodology. In total, therefore, there is a conventional cost of 0.40 Euros, and an environmental damage cost of 4 X 3.80 = <strong>15.20 Euros.</strong></div> <div> </div> <div>In the second case, the transport costs 5 Euros. The transport gives an emission of 3.8 kg carbon dioxide, but the thermal energy derived from the chair means that 6 kg of coal does not have to be burned for the heating plant to produce the heat needed. This results in a saving of about 20 kg of carbon dioxide emissions, and 6 kg of the finite natural resource, coal. With EPS, the environmental damage cost for carbon dioxide has been calculated at EUR 0.135/kg and the natural resource value of coal at EUR 0.161/kg. Therefore, this method of disposal results in a total conventional cost of 5 Euro, but a saving of environmental damage costs, an actual environmental gain, of 0.135 X (20 - 3.80) + 0.161 X 6 = <strong>3.153 Euros.</strong></div> <div> </div> <div><span><span><strong>Text: Ulrika Georgsson<span style="display:inline-block"></span></strong></span></span><br /></div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">More about: ISO</h4> <div>ISO is an international standardisation body, consisting of national standardisation organisations. ISO has been operating since 1947, and works with industrial and commercial standardisation.</div> <div> </div> <div>While ISO defines itself as a non-governmental organisation, their ability to set standards is much more powerful than other non-governmental agencies, and in practice, they act as a consortium with strong ties to national governments. The members are national standardisation bodies from each country, as well as larger companies. Sweden is represented by SIS – the Swedish Standards Institute.</div> <div> </div> <div>The ISO standards have quickly been accepted internationally and are used by almost all countries. The country's size, level of development and geography have no significance in this context, as these standards are universal and are used in a similar way around the world.</div> <div> </div> <div><h4 class="chalmersElement-H4"> More about: The standard for environmental damage costs</h4> <ul><li>Full name: ISO 14008 - Monetary valuation of environmental impacts and related environmental aspects<br /><br /></li> <li>Content: A framework, processes, terms and documentation for monetary valuation of environmental damage costs <br /><br /></li> <li>Developed by: Working group WG7 within ISO TC207/SC1.<br /><br /></li> <li>Initiative taken by/participants/financiers: Swedish Life Cycle Center hosted by Chalmers University of Technology, Nouryon, Essity, Volvo Group, Vattenfall, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Nordic Investment Bank, Swedish Energy Agency, VINNOVA Sweden's innovation agency<br /><br /></li></ul> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">For more information, please contact</h4> <ul><li>Bengt Steen, Professor Emeritus in Environmental Science at Chalmers University of Technology and project manager, Sweden, +46 70 816 29 31, <a href=""></a><br /><br /> </li> <li>Sara Palander, Director of the Swedish Life Cycle Center, +46 72 352 61 25, <a href=""><br /></a><br /> </li> <li>Jimmy Yoler, Project manager SIS, Swedish Standards Insitute, +46 85 555 20 16, <a href=""></a></li></ul></div> <p></p>Mon, 18 Mar 2019 08:00:00 +0100 not bring the world into Chalmers and Chalmers into the world?<p><b>​AR+ Transformations Gathering brought together a global community of action researchers at Chalmers. Aiming to address social and organizational critical challenges, over 60 experts from diverse fields reflected on how researchers can use real life experiences to implement actions in collaboration with stakeholders.</b></p>​The ‘AR+ Transformations Gathering’ that took place between March 7 and 10, at Chalmers, brought together over 60 of the most prominent action researchers, consultants, and activists involved with critical issues in healthcare, development and environment among other areas. <br /><br />Engaging in group talks and collective activities, the participants broadened the dialogue on participative approaches to problem solving and gathered new skills on developing collaborative work. In addition to the interdisciplinary aspect, multiculturality also characterized the networking gathering, which counted with experts from 25 different countries.<br /><br /> “Why not bring the world into Chalmers and Chalmers into the world?”, commented Chalmers 2018 jubilee professor and one of the event organizers, Hilary Bradbury, on the reach of the  ‘AR+ Transformations Gathering’. <br /><br />The gathering, which was also designed in partnership with the Centre for Healthcare Improvement (CHI) – a research center at Chalmers, aimed at advancing a new way of conducting research and enabling transformative actions in collaboration with key players. <br /><br />“It goes beyond understanding and describing problems. Action research entails working with people, sharing ideas and furthering transformations together”, Professor Bradbury explains. According to her, the action research paradigm proposes an innovative shift in the conventional academic method of doing research, insofar as it invites researchers to combine science with hands-on experiences that involve stakeholders directly in knowledge co-creation.<br /><br />“It is about relationship and partnership”, added Steve Waddell, lead of the Sustainable Development Goals Transformations Forum and one of the thinking partners for the event. Steve claimed that today's pressing challenges require a more relational approach and action research is therefore the way forward. <br /><br />Andreas Hellström, Scientific Director of the Centre for Healthcare Improvement and Senior Lecturer at Chalmers, highlights that the gathering enabled participants to share experiences and learn new practices that integrate academic and practical output. “It was a great opportunity to gather new skills and knowledge from the action research community and get inspired by others”, said Andreas. For him, broadening perspectives on action research is essential and can improve responses to healthcare challenges, making it more sustainable.<br /><br />For the future, Andreas looks forward to creating synergy among practicing action researchers worldwide, “I hope we stay connected in this new global community and work together in future projects&quot;.<br /><div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <strong>Fika-concept aligned with action research </strong><br /><br />The innovative character of action research also reflected in the theme of the conference. During the day, the participants did not have seminars to attend, but rather joined several sessions fuelled by coffee and conversations.<br /><br /><div>The Swedish tradition ‘fika’ inspired the design of the ‘AR+ Transformation Gathering’. “When I experienced ‘fika’ during my Jubilee stays, I thought 'let's bring the spirit of fika to this gathering?' This practice feels aligned with action research since it allows everyone to have their voices heard”, said Professor Hilary Bradbury.  </div> <br />The informal tone of the meeting pleased the participants and proved to be productive. “The unstructured quality of the conference allowed us to really connect to each other and understand how others experience action research in their work fields”, said Miren Larrea, Senior researcher at Orkestra Basque Institute of Competitiveness and Lecturer at the University of Deusto. For Miren, who has been developing action research approach for territorial development since 2008, the space at Veras Gräsmatta also suited the gathering, “The space was well chosen. It enabled us to easily move around and network”. <br /><br />Coleen Vogel, Professor at the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa, a Nobel prize recipient for her work with the IPCC, and one of the leading action researchers on climate change adds that the event's design also increased the participant's engagement. “Besides facilitating connections, this model opens up space for creativity and the development of new ideas”. <br /><br /><strong>Text:</strong> Carolina Pires Bertuol<br /><strong>Photo:</strong> Carolina Pires BertuolThu, 14 Mar 2019 14:00:00 +0100