News: Teknikens ekonomi och organisationhttp://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterNews related to Chalmers University of TechnologyMon, 05 Dec 2022 06:50:49 +0100http://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/funding-from-swedish-research-council-2022.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/funding-from-swedish-research-council-2022.aspxPrestigious funding to researchers at Chalmers<p><b>​​In their annual call for research grants, the Swedish Research Council distributes SEK 112 million to 29 researchers at Chalmers. </b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">Chalmers was awarded grants in all announced areas, but most in natural and engineering sciences. </span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>These researchers at Chalmers receive grants – sorted by department: <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> Architecture and Civil Engineering </h2> <div>Jelke Dijkstra </div> <div>Karin Lundgren </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Biology and Biological Engineering </h2> <div>Rikard Landberg <br />Clemens Wittenbecher <br />Fredrik Westerlund </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Electrical Engineering </h2> <div>Erik Ström <br />Henk Wymeersch </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Physics </h2> <div>Riccardo Catena <br />Tünde Fülöp <br />Fredrik Höök <br />Thomas Nilsson <br />Timur Shegai </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Chemistry and Chemical Engineering </h2> <div>Bo Albinsson <br />Anette Larsson <br />Christian Müller <br />Magnus Skoglundh </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Mathematical Sciences </h2> <div>Klas Modin <br />Genkai Zhang </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Computer Science and Engineering </h2> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Fredrik Johansson​</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"></span>Moa Johansson <br />Paweł W. Woźniak </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Mechanics and Maritime Sciences </h2> <div>Gaetano Sardina </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Microtechnology and Nanoscience </h2> <div>Jan Grahn <br />Per Hyldgaard <br />Floriana Lombardi <br />Dag Winkler <br />Niklas Rorsman </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Technology Management and Economics </h2> <div>Andreas Mørkved Hellenes </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Communication and Learning in Science </h2> <div> Hans Malmström (two grants) </div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://chalmersuniversity.box.com/s/248dfmt5hbjqdls8pf80xh0sb9n91lj0" title="link to pdf">Downloadable list (in Swedish)​</a></div> <div><a href="https://www.vr.se/english.html?filters=decisionsPublished%3b&amp;selectedSubject=all&amp;listStyle=list">Read more about the grants at the Swedish Research Council website​</a></div> ​​</div>Mon, 07 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/CHI/news/Pages/Chalmers-students-and-healthcare-managers-work-together-on-healthcare-challenges.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/CHI/news/Pages/Chalmers-students-and-healthcare-managers-work-together-on-healthcare-challenges.aspxChalmers students and healthcare managers work together on healthcare challenges<p><b>They are two very different categories of students who meet to create ideas for improvements in healthcare: managers in healthcare who are pursuing professional education at Chalmers and engineering students at master's level. By working with real cases from healthcare, the master students have been able to use their theoretical knowledge in practical applications – and at the same time given the healthcare managers valuable insights.</b></p><div>​In a joint project between Chalmers and Region Västra Götaland, two existing educations at different levels are integrated to create a cross-fertilization that can ultimately benefit patients and society. The students come from the master's programme Quality and Operations Management, while the managers in the Region Västra Götaland take a course in quality-driven operations development. The course is given by the Centre for Healthcare Improvement at Chalmers.</div> <div> </div> <div>One of the master's students who participated in the initiative is Johan Blickhammar, who has come a long way in his engineering studies. He is positive about this collaborative approach in education.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><span><span><span><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/johan_blickhammar.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:10px" /><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></span></span></span>“It was exciting! Partly because of the Region Västra Götaland and the important role that healthcare plays in the society, and also that we worked with existing and upcoming challenges. It was interesting to test and apply theories to real problems and very inspiring to take part in and contribute to the region's development and improvement work.”</div> <div> </div> <div>Even in typical classes at Chalmers there is a lot of interaction between companies and students, but usually about gaining understanding and gathering knowledge about operations and methods for solving problems, says Johan. Here it was done in a more integrated way. </div> <div> </div> <div>“This initiative differed in that we students worked in collaboration and exchanged knowledge with the healthcare managers to solve present and future problems. The challenge lay mainly in the complexity that often comes with real problems, trying to identify the underlying problems and create proposals to address them in a practical, efficient, and sustainable way”, says Johan Blickhammar, and adds:</div> <div> </div> <div>“Improvement knowledge is very much about problem solving. This work has reinforced the understanding that knowledge, communication, and information are central to problem solving and improvement work.”</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">&quot;Contributed with approaches that we didn't think about&quot;</h3> <div> </div> <div><span><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/hans_gunnarsson.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:15px 10px" /><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></span>Hans Gunnarsson is a section manager of palliative care at Högsbo Hospital, which is part of the Sahlgrenska University Hospital. From his perspective, he also sees advantages in the approach.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>“It felt like a privilege to be interviewed by the students. They contributed with approaches that I did not think about, and that were taken for granted for me. I’m now aware of the need of clarifications and  and further explanations. It is easy to think that others have the same perspectives as you, and know and can do the same things as you. So there were adequate questions, like, ’when does the process start and when does it end’? They asked many questions that made me reflect and clarify elements, activities and definitions. I thought they were veryclever and insightful.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>He has also made several lessons of his own:</div> <div> </div> “In a quality improvement project like this, it is important to be careful with the background work. It is very important to spend time defining and understanding the problem that needs to be improved, to pause for a while in the planning phase and acquire different perspectives.” <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>“I also felt a bit old! The students were quick in both thought and language. I thought my English was decent – I don't think so anymore. They spoke English completely unhindered and seemed to use terms for quality development naturally. I was impressed by them,” says Hans Gunnarsson.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Complex problems require many perspectives</h3> <div> </div> <div>Student Johan Blickhammar believes that the challenges of the present and the future are often about technological development, and that Chalmers has an important role to play in contributing to the surrounding society.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>“The majority of the problems that we were presented forcould be related to digital</div> <div>transformation. For many operations, not just the Region Västra Götaland, this means a big change as people today interact with technical solutions to an increasing extent. This is a complex problem that, among other things, requires that many different perspectives are taken into account. For this, I believe that we – solution-oriented Chalmers students – are an excellent source to get help from!”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><em>Text: Daniel Karlsson</em></div> <div><em>Photo: via respective person, and Andreas Hellström</em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Collaborative project</strong></div> <div>The project is formally called SMILLA, SMall-scale live cases to Integrate Life-long Learning and Access to work-life examples. The project is a collaboration between Chalmers and Region Västra Götaland and receives funding from Vinnova. It is directed by Ida Gremyr, Professor at the Division of Service Management and Logistics, Patrik Alexandersson, Director of Centre for Healthcare Improvement (CHI) and Andreas Hellström, Senior Lecturer and Scientific Leader of CHI. <a href="/en/projects/Pages/SMILLAQ-SMall-scale-live-cases-to-Integrate-Life-long-Learning.aspx">Read more</a></div> <div> </div> <div>More about the initiative: <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/health/news/Pages/Healthcare-managers-and-engineering-students-to-tackle-healthcare-challenges.aspx">Healthcare managers and engineering students join forces</a></div> <div><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/health/news/Pages/Healthcare-managers-and-engineering-students-to-tackle-healthcare-challenges.aspx"><br /> </a></div>Thu, 27 Oct 2022 10:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/health/news/Pages/Thesis-projects-addressing-healthcare-needs.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/health/news/Pages/Thesis-projects-addressing-healthcare-needs.aspx​Thesis projects addressing the needs of the healthcare sector<p><b>​On 12th October, Chalmers hosted a master’s and bachelor’s thesis fair in health and technology at Johanneberg Campus. Providing the students an opportunity to pick and choose among project proposals and match themselves with supervisors from different research fields.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">“It is great fun that we for the fifth time are arranging our joint thesis fair and that the interest is only increasing from both researchers and students. This year we have more than 60 project proposals presented by different researchers”, says Martin Fagerström, Co-director Health Engineering Area of Advance.</span><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div>The fair is a joint arrangement between Chalmers, Gothenburg University, and Sahlgrenska University Hospital. New for this year was that the fair also included proposals for bachelor's thesis.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“It feels good that we this year have the opportunity to offer project proposals also to our Bachelor students. - It is the first class of medical engineering students who will write bachelor's theses this spring ”, says Martin Fagerström.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The proposals presented during the day were from different subject areas and illustrated the interesting meeting between the needs of today’s healthcare and the possibilities that modern technology can offer. The proposals were both practical and dealt with advanced research questions. The subjects contained everything from Nano, VR and radar technology to infection prevention, management issues, and patients’ use of health apps.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Examples of subjects</strong></div> <div>•<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>Talk2Me – voice-based working methods </div> <div>•<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>Early stroke characterisation using video analysis</div> <div>•<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>Virtual Reality within healthcare </div> <div>•<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>Digital documentation for drop-in waiting rooms</div> <div>•<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>Patient-gathered health data to reach healthcare</div> <div>•<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>Meaningful user experience for citizens as well as healthcare professionals tracking individual health data</div> <div>•<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>Improving management of patient flows at various levels</div> <div>•<span style="white-space:pre"> </span>Management of patient groups with complex care needs: <span style="background-color:initial">Improving patient safety in real-time</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><strong>Increased demand for healthcare requires new working methods</strong></div> <div>Many of the project proposals regarded the needs in today’s and tomorrow’s healthcare.<br /><br /></div> <div>“We have a growing and aging population and because of advances in research and technological development, we can treat more severe diseases than before. This means that we get increased demand for healthcare, but the resources we have do not increase at the same rate. We need to manage that gap, for example by developing new working methods and tools, not at least linked to digitization, says Cecilia Hahn Berg, development strategist at Sahlgrenska University Hospital.<br /><br /></div> <div>Several of the proposals highlighted that there is a great need to transfer certain care from the hospital to the patient's home and to try to digitise and optimize time-consuming aspects of today’s healthcare, such as administration. An example of this involves voice-based working methods for ambulances. Other projects will investigate the possibility of working with fall detection, for example in the homes of elderly people. Another proposal was about developing an app to support diabetes patients in checking their own feet regularly to avoid the foot problems that are common in that patient group.<br /><br /></div> <div>Cecilia Hahn Berg is positive in regards to this year's fair also including bachelor's thesis.<br /><br /></div> <div>“It's great that the hospital, and researchers from both the University of Gothenburg and Chalmers are establishing contact between themselves and these students from start. Their skills are highly demanded, and they are our future recruitment base.<br /><br /></div> <div>The students Kajsa Homann, Elvira Carlén, and Matilda Alexandersson study the bachelor's program in medical engineering at Chalmers and are satisfied with their choice of education. Their impressions of the project presentations were positive.<br /><br /></div> <div>“It was fun to hear about the projects that dealt with major societal issues and management challenges, we haven’t had much experience with such issues yet, says Kajsa Homann.<br /><br /></div> <div>“I haven't decided yet, we won't write the master's thesis until this spring, but I became very interested in the project that was about cancer treatment, says Matilda Alexandersson.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>Collaboration that inspires</strong></div> <div>The annual fair allows the supervisors to reach out widely with their project proposals and the students get the opportunity to ask questions directly to the supervisors. The cooperation between the universities also means that the students get the chance to work interdisciplinary with real projects, side by side with students and researchers with different competencies. In some cases, the students are supervised by researchers from both the clinical and technical side of health technology.<br /><br /></div> <div>One Chalmers professor who presented several proposals during the day was Göran Lindahl, director of the Centre for Healthcare Architecture, CVA.<br /><br /></div> <div>“The close collaboration with the healthcare sector, in this case Sahlgrenska University Hospital, gives us access to the actual operational challenges that the healthcare sector is facing, which creates relevance and provides inspiration. Having the opportunity to discuss, test, and develop ideas and knowledge together is a quality aspect of our education”.<br /><br /></div> <div>The fair not only gives the students an overall view of the current project opportunities, but it also offers an opportunity to mingle and network across programme boundaries during the mingle sessions. Several educational programmes were represented at the fair, including within Chemistry, Quality and operations management, Medical technology, Specialist nursing programme, Industrial design engineering, Engineering mathematics and computational science, Programme in Dental Hygiene, Global Health, Cognitive Science, Pharmacy, Data science and AI, Biomedical Engineering and more</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text and photo: Julia Jansson</div> <div><br /></div>Wed, 19 Oct 2022 16:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Innovation-policies-key-to-industrial-transformation.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Innovation-policies-key-to-industrial-transformation.aspxInnovation policies key to industrial transformation<p><b>​The industrial transformation towards green technologies is imperative and urgent – yet hard and time-consuming. Barbara Hedeler at Chalmers examines how national innovation policies can make a difference and uses three Nordic examples to pave the way for policymakers to accelerate the transformation.</b></p><div>​The Paris Climate Agreement is extremely clear: extensive carbon emission cuts are crucial in the coming years. This requires fundamental changes in all parts of society, including the established industry. </div> <div> </div> <div>Policymakers have an important role to play in accelerating the transformation of the industry towards emerging technologies such as biofuels, hydrogen, and electrification, and governments must provide direction and incentives for change. But even so, there is still much uncertainty about the role of policies for industrial transformation and the creation of new value chains. </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">This is what Barbara Hedeler has tackled in her doctoral research, which she now presents in her licentiate thesis. An important goal is to provide a basis for the development of innovative solutions to policy design.</p> <div>“Better knowledge about the possibilities and limitations of innovation policy to influence the transformation of the industry has high practical relevance. I hope this research can contribute to a greater understanding of the opportunities and challenges for national policymakers to accelerate industrial transformation in global contexts”, she says.</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Examines policy mixes in Sweden and Finland</h3> <div><p class="chalmersElement-P"><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/PublishingImages/Porträttbilder/BarbaraHedeler.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>Barbara Hedeler highlights that governments worldwide increasingly try to combine domestic industrialization goals with large-scale systemic changes in the industry to decarbonize existing production processes. This is neither easy nor a quick fix.<br /><br />“From past technological developments, we know that changing existing socio-technical systems is difficult and usually takes many decades”, she says.<br /><br />In her thesis, Barbara studies three different examples of past industrial transformations in Finland and Sweden, thereby providing knowledge about how policy mixes can affect change processes in industry.<br /><br />“We found that how policies are designed and changed over time has large effects on how different actors are motivated to participate in such transitions. As part of this, we found five types of value chains that describe how national actors are typically integrated into global value chains – from importers of renewable energies to domestic technology developers and producers. We also explain the role of national policy in the development of these different types,” she says.</p></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">A supportive environment for Ph.D. students</h3> <div> </div> <div>In her future research, Barbara will continue to examine the link between innovation policy design and industrial transformation. She enjoys being a Ph.D. Student at Chalmers and the division ESA (Environmental Systems Analysis) and appreciates that it allows her to experience different parts of academia, including research and teaching.<br /><br />“The Ph.D. research school puts great weight on our development into researchers with regular workshops on different aspects related to social sciences, such as theory building or text-based discussions. Overall, it gives a chance to become part of the academic environment here at Chalmers, but also internationally, and to meet many inspiring people along the way” she says.<br /><br />At the same time, she notes that being a Ph.D. student has its ups and downs.<br /><br />“You must acquire a lot of knowledge and skills within a fairly short time frame. But it really helps to be part of the research group at ESA and in the department and exchange ideas and learn together with other Ph.D. students. My supervisors are also great and always lend a helping hand when needed”, she says. <br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><em>Text: Ulrika Ernström</em><br /><em>Photo: </em><em>portrait</em><span><em> Carolina Pires Bertuol, genre photo <a href="https://unsplash.com/%40marekpiwnicki" target="_blank">Marek Piwnicki</a> on <a href="https://unsplash.com/s/photos/industry?utm_source=unsplash&amp;utm_medium=referral&amp;utm_content=creditCopyText" target="_blank">Unsplash</a><a href="https://unsplash.com/s/photos/industry?utm_source=unsplash&amp;utm_medium=referral&amp;utm_content=creditCopyText"><span style="display:inline-block"></span></a></em></span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <ul><li>Barbara Hedeler is a Ph.D. student at the Division of Environmental Systems Analysis, at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers. More information about <a href="/en/staff/Pages/hedeler.aspx">Barbara Hedeler</a><br /></li> <li>The thesis <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/en/publication/532030">Policy Mixes for Industrial Transformation: Lessons from Finland and Sweden</a><br /></li> <li>The <a href="/en/departments/tme/calendar/Pages/Licentiate-seminar---Barbara-Hedeler,-TME.aspx">licentiate seminar</a> will be held on October 27, 2022</li></ul> <div> </div>Wed, 19 Oct 2022 13:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Blue-and-green-at-this-years-William-Chalmers-lecture.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Blue-and-green-at-this-years-William-Chalmers-lecture.aspxBlue and green at this year's William Chalmers lecture<p><b>​Under the surface – that's where the opportunities are. Finding unexplored opportunities for green innovations, entrepreneurship and new jobs in coastal communities is something that Robin Teigland is passionate about. As a professor of Management of Digitalization, she will talk about the &quot;blue circular economy&quot; during this year's William Chalmers lecture on 3 November.</b></p><div>​The word <em>net</em> can be used in many contexts. A fishing net, a network of people or a digital net. All three of these are something that Professor Robin Teigland combines in her work, both in theory and in practice. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>It is the blue circular economy that has been the focus of her work in recent years. It is a circular, green economy model, with a specific focus on ocean resources and coastal communities in order to promote sustainable economic growth, improved livelihoods, and skill development – while preserving the health of the ocean ecosystem.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Digitalization cross-fertilised with circular economy</h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Robin Teigland talks about the initiative where she is one of the founders, in the coastal community of Peniche in Portugal. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;There are needs of various kinds, and then there are resources. But the resources can be what we call 'trapped resources'. In Portugal, old fishing nets are indeed a trapped resource. After being used, they are thrown away or burned, although they are still really valuable. So how to unleash these confined values? What we do is merge technology where you grind down the used fishing nets, which are turned into pellets that can be used to 3D print new products, on site, for a need that the local community has.&quot;<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Robin Teigland continues with another example:</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Fishermen may only be able to fish for a certain number of months of the year, because they have a certain quota system. But what if they could use the other time to fish for ghost nets, i.e. abandoned fishing gear on the bottom? Or map ocean data with their boats? It's about thinking differently about the resources that exists.&quot;<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>By starting from the challenges that exist, it is possible to identify what needs and possible resources can be used. Then you use both digital and human networks to realize it, in the form of innovations and entrepreneurship.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">How to become an opportunity maker</h2> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div><p class="chalmersElement-P">During her lecture on 3 November 2022, Robin Teigland wants to underline the importance of the matter for our future. She will talk about her own work and also share tools for how to become a &quot;solution finder&quot; and &quot;opportunity maker&quot;.<br /><br />And if anyone thought otherwise – being a Professor of Digitalization does not mean that she believes that new technology solves all problems. </p></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Digitalization often goes too fast and too far. A car, which almost always will travel a short distance, does it really have to have all the features that are present in modern cars? Or, why does my fridge need to be connected, when it makes me more vulnerable? To solve our challenges, new technologies must be used in the right way, and for the right things.”</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Welcome to the lecture</h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The William Chalmers Lecture is to be given in English on 3 November at 18.00 in the Runan conference hall, Students’ Union Building (Kårhuset), Chalmers. <br /><a href="/en/about-chalmers/calendar/Pages/William-Chalmers-Lecture-2022---Robin-Teigland.aspx">Read more about the lecture</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Read more about Robin Teigland:</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/We-are-making-our-way-towards-a-new-world.aspx">&quot;We are making our way towards a new world&quot;</a> (interview 2019) <br /><br /><em>Text: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /><em>Photo: Ulrika Ernström</em><br /> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div>Tue, 11 Oct 2022 16:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/Master-Thesis-Fair.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/Master-Thesis-Fair.aspxMaster Thesis Fair – New ideas, skills and valuable real-world experience<p><b>​On October 10 it´s time for the first Energy Master Thesis Fair at Chalmers University of Technology. ”We always want to make our research more relevant for the industry and society. Our main mission at Chalmers is to produce future talents that help the industry becomes more competitive and sustainable. Our young students bring new ideas and skillsets and in return they get valuable real-world experience”, says Sonia Yeh, Professor in Transport and Energy systems, and Vice Director of Chalmers Energy Area of Advance.</b></p><strong>​<img src="https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/984740620462936064/638D0NLn_400x400.jpg" alt="Sonia Yeh. Photo: Johan Bodell" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px;width:275px;height:275px" /></strong><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>“We have a total of 25 companies</strong> ranging from multi-national energy company’s like Hitachi Energy, Ericsson, Fortum, Volvo Penta, and DNV – Maritime, local regional companies specializing in power cells, hydropower, and renewable energy, and our research partners like IVL and RISE”, says Sonia Yeh.<br /></span><div><br /></div> <div><div>“We are very pleased to see such high interest from companies wanting to work with our students. We will also encourage our community of energy researchers to participate in supervision that will translate practical problems into high quality theses”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>There are more than 300 students signed up already from almost every Master Thesis Program at Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What can we expect from the day?</strong></div> <div>Some companies are open to ideas suggested by students, and some already come with concrete projects. It´s a great opportunity for students to meet company representatives to learn more about the companies and discuss these ideas. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Is it still possible for the students to sign up to the fair?</strong></div> <div>“Yes, they can still sign up online. We hope this initiative will help build a strong energy research and education community around the Master theses”, says Sonia Yeh.</div></div> <div></div> <div><br /></div> <span style="background-color:initial"><strong>More info:<br /></strong></span><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/calendar/Pages/Master-Thesis-Fair-Energy--.aspx" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="https://student.portal.chalmers.se/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Register for the fair​</a><br /><a href="https://www.johannebergsciencepark.com/evenemang/master-thesis-fair-energy" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="https://student.portal.chalmers.se/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about the event</a><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><br /></strong></span>Mon, 03 Oct 2022 12:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Better-care-through-understanding-of-new-concepts.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Better-care-through-understanding-of-new-concepts.aspxBetter care through understanding of new concepts<p><b>​Fashionable ideas like 'Lean', 'Value-based healthcare' and 'Learning health systems' tend to succeed each other as contemporary ideas on how to improve healthcare. But how can healthcare managers handle these management innovations in a way that results not only in pretty words but in actual improvements? Christian Colldén is a physician and healthcare manager who in his doctoral thesis at Chalmers has studied how management innovations can be understood and translated into a local context to improve the quality and efficiency of care.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​What challenges do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div>&quot;All those who have tried to improve healthcare systems have probably realised that it is a very challenging undertaking. Demands often come from many directions, strong professions with diverse opinions and views are to be brought on the same track, and processes are seldom straight and separate. Management innovations are often presented as comprehensive and consummate concepts, which will solve the problems of healthcare, but earlier research have shown that they often do not deliver the promised improvements. Healthcare professionals also often meet management innovations with skepsis. On the other hand, there are examples of management innovations being positively received and resulting in improved quality and efficiency. The challenge that I focus on is how managers can improve the complex healthcare systems that they act in, and how management innovations can become useful tools in that work.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem with your research?</h3> <div>&quot;I have been inspired by action research, which implies that I have tried to achieve improvements in my own context at the same time as I have collected data to analyse what me and my colleagues have done in practice. I have worked in psychiatry within the Sahlgrenska University Hospital and, hopefully, the projects have created better conditions for innovativeness quality improvements. At the general level I try to contribute to a better understanding of how to use management innovations so that they are positively received by different actors in healthcare and create improvements. That general knowledge can be used in education for managers and staff who support managers in development and improvement work.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings?</h3> <div>&quot;Different actors in healthcare, like nurses, physicians, politicians, and care developers, have different views on what quality in care means, how care should be provided in a high-quality fashion, and how improvements can be achieved. Thus, they can be seen to rely on different logics. In the same way, different management innovations rely on one or several logics. By mapping underlying logics, healthcare managers can create an appreciation for the complex system and match concepts with the context.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Next, managers should translate rather than implement management innovations, which implies that one should view them not as fixed concepts but as mouldable ideas. A concrete example is Value-based Healthcare, which can be seen as relying on both a logic of standardisation (of care processes for defined patient groups) and a logic of goal orientation (that if we measure outcomes and costs, the manager need not decide how the result is to be achieved). Based on the understanding of what is needed and/or will be best received in the specific organisation, different aspects of management innovations can be emphasized to make a positive impact and drive change. Management innovations in themselves seldom solve the problems but they can be used as strategic tools and sources of inspiration.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to? </h3> <div>&quot;Unfortunately, there are no shortcuts to improvements in healthcare, but research can provide some advise on how to take on the task. For example, appreciation of the surrounding system and its components – especially what drives the individuals that you want to involve in new ways of working. I hope that managers and others who drive development in healthcare can adopt that approach and that it is also highlighted in management training programmes, by internal support functions for care development, and by external consultants. If this view gains impact, I believe that frustration can be turned into constructiveness and real improvements.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div><br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Read the thesis <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/en/publication/?id=531610" target="_blank">&quot;Managing management innovations: Contextual complexity and the pursuit of improvements in healthcare&quot;</a></div> <div> </div> <div>The author will defend the thesis on 7 October 2022 at 13.15, see link on the <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/en/publication/?id=531610" target="_blank">thesis’ page</a><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> More about <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/christian-ohrn.aspx">Christian Colldén</a></div> <div> </div>Thu, 29 Sep 2022 09:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/Chalmers-welcomes-new-professors.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/Chalmers-welcomes-new-professors.aspxChalmers welcomed new professors<p><b>​On 23 September it was time for Chalmers' professorial inauguration in Runan. The professors started their activities at Chalmers on 1 July 2020 until 30 June 2022.​</b></p>​<span style="font-size:14px"><span style="background-color:initial">The professor installation is an old tradition at Chalmers and an important part of welcoming new professors while spreading information about the subject areas in which the professors work.</span></span><div><span style="font-size:14px">A total of 22 professors were installed during the evening. At the same time, artistic professors, adjunct professors, visiting professors, affiliated professors, and research professors were also presented.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>There is also an increase in the number of female professors</strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">&quot;It is with pleasure that I can state that we are slowly equalizing the gender balance at the professorial level. This year, 32 percent of the installed professors are women, and the proportion of women in Chalmers' professors' college has increased to around 18 percent,&quot; says Stefan Bengtsson, Principal at Chalmers.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Conference speaker Philip Wramsby welcomed and guided the guests during the evening. Both the rector and union chairman Isac Stark gave speeches. Newly installed professor Maria Abrahamsson gave a speech in physical chemistry. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">The entertainment was provided by Duratrion and the Chalmers choir. After the ceremony, a dinner was held at Kårrestaurangen where all participants' families and friends could celebrate together with the new professors. </span><span style="background-color:initial">S</span><span style="background-color:initial">ince 1959, Chalmers alumnus and composer Jan Johansson's work &quot;Life is beautiful&quot; has traditionally opened all Chalmers sessions. Due to associations with Russia and the war in Ukraine, it has been replaced with &quot;Here comes Pippi Longstocking&quot;, another famous piece by Jan Johansson. During the dinner, Professor Àrni Halldòrsson gave a speech. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"></span><span></span><div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>The professors presented:</strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Maria Abrahamsson, Physical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mohammad Al-Emrani, Steel and timber structures, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Derek Creaser, Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Isabelle Doucet, Theory and History of Architecture, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Marco Dozza, Active Safety and road-user behavior, Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Maria Elmquist, Innovation Management, Department of Technology Management and Economics.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Jonas Fredriksson, Mechatronics, Department of Electrical engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Ida Gremyr, Quality Management, Department of Technology Management and Economics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Àrni Halldòrsson, supply chain management, Department of Technology Management and Economics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Eduard Hryha, Powder Metallurgy, and Additive Manufacturing, Department Industrial and materials science.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Ann-Margret Hvitt Strömvall, Environmental, and Urban Water Engineering, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Christoph Langhammer, Physics, Department of Physics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mats Lundqvist, Entrepreneurship Didactics, Department of Technology Management and Economics.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Max Jair Ortiz Catalán, Bionics, Department of Electrical Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Angela Sasic Kalagasidis, Building Physics, Department of Education, Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Elsebeth Schröder, Theoretical Physics, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Ioannis Sourdis, Computer Engineering, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Lennart Svensson, Signal Processing, Department of Electrical engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Fredrik Westerlund, Chemical Biology, Department of Biology and Biological Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mikael Wiberg, Interaction Design, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Torsten Wik, Automatic Control, Department of Electrical engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Britt-Marie Wilén, Environmental and Wastewater Engineering, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>Artistic professors:</strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Anna-Johanna Klasander, Urban Design, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>Adjunct professors:</strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Morgan Andersson, Architecture for Living and Care, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Helmi Attia, Monitoring and control of manufacturing processes, Department of Industrial and Materials Science.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mingquan Bao, Microwave Electronics, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mikael Coldrey, Communication systems, Department of Electrical Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Ola Engqvist, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning based Drug Design, Department of Computer Science and Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Hilda Esping Nordblom, Housing Architecture, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Rikard Fredriksson, Integrated vehicle and Road Safety, Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Renaud Gutkin, Computational mechanics of polymer materials, Department of Industrial and Materials Science.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Karin Karlfeldt Fedje, Sustainable engineering of contaminated material, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Daniel Karlsson, Electric Power System, Department of Electrical Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Jenny Larfeldt, Energy Conversion, Department of Space, Earth, and Environment. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Marie Larsson, Architecture and Care, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mikael Lind, Maritime Informatics, Department of Mechanics, and Maritime Sciences. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Nils Lübbe, Vehicle Safety Analysis, Department of Mechanics, and Maritime Sciences. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Henrik Magnusson, Architecture and Care, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Anders Puranen, Nuclear Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>Guest professors: </strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Simone Fischer-Hübner, Computer Science, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Steven A. Gabriel, Mechanical Engineering, Department of Space, Earth, and Environment.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Michael Kokkolaras, Construction optimization, Department of Industrial and Materials Science.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Åsa Lindholm Dahlstrand, Innovation Studies, Department of Technology Management and Economics.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Doina Petrescu, Urban design and planning, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Christopher Robeller, digital timber design, and production, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>Affiliated professors:</strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">David Bennet, Operations Management, Department of Technology management and economics.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Anna Kadefors, Technology Management, Department of Technology Management and Economics.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mihály Kovács, Mathematics, Department of Mathematical Sciences. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Ermin Malic, Physics, Department of Physics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Vincenzo Palermo, Graphene Research, Department of Industrial and Materials Science.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Ulf Petrusson, Entrepreneurship and Strategy, Department of Technology Management and Economics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Finn Wynstra, Supply and Operations Management, Department of Technology Management and Economics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>Research professors:</strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Paolo Falcone, Mechatronics, Department of Electrical engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Bengt Johansson, Internal Combustion Engine Technology, Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Tomas Kåberger, Industrial Energy Policy, Technology Management, and Economics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Verena Siewers, Microbial Synthetic Biology, Department of Biology and Biological Engineering. </span></div></div>Tue, 27 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/New-Summer-School-in-Sustainable-Entrepreneurship-and-Innovation.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/New-Summer-School-in-Sustainable-Entrepreneurship-and-Innovation.aspxNew Summer School in Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Innovation<p><b>​The Summer School in Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Innovation is a combined digital and in-person-week intensive training organised by Chalmers University of Technology, as part of the ENHANCE alliance, supported and funded by the EU. Students are being introduced to key themes connected to Sustainability, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, with perspectives from multiple stakeholders.</b></p>​&quot;Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Innovation is a topic which attracts students throughout Europe to this course. Entrepreneurship and innovation is not necessarily sustainable by default – there is a large need for better tools and insightful reflections, to help shape more sustainable futures&quot;, says Karen Williams Middleton, Associate professor at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, and course examiner of the new summer school at Chalmers.<br /><br />The initiative is created within the ENHANCE alliance of technical universities and is a part of the Tracks courses at Chalmers. Before and after the intensive week in late August, the students carry out academic research in teams, with the aim of creating value in a sustainable manner for people around Europe, and the planet as a whole. <br /><br />&quot;The group of PhD and master students from our seven ENHANCE partner universities came with huge interest, engagement and challenging questions to Gothenburg for the in-person week. We designed the course to include several novel approaches: interviews with sustainable entrepreneurs; synthesis of individual interviews in a group format; lectures by researchers, institutional players, and entrepreneurs; student-led sessions including workshop facilitations by students; and field trips to exemplary initiatives in the Gothenburg region. This all aimed to familiarize the technical students with four main aspects relevant to sustainable entrepreneurship and innovation: systemic, value creation, collaboration/teamwork, and funding&quot;, says course leader, Yashar Mansoori, a post-doc working with ENHANCE at Chalmers.<br /><br />One of the students was Arpita Chari, PhD Student at the Department of Industrial and Materials Science at Chalmers:<br /><br />&quot;I applied to the course because I was interested in innovation and entrepreneurship when it comes to business strategies with respect to sustainability, especially the aftereffects of the covid pandemic. I also wanted to apply the skills garnered from the summer school to industrial level issues after I graduate from my PhD program.&quot;<br /><br />&quot;Considering that this was the first time the course is being run, I think it was very well designed and structured. The themes were relevant, and all the lectures and workshops were thoughtfully connected to the themes. I liked that there was one main academic lecture, one policy/legal lecture, one talk by a sustainability entrepreneur and then the student-led workshops each day. This mix of content enabled a rich learning experience&quot;, says Arpita Chari.  <br /><br />Professor Mats Lundqvist, Chalmers’ Vice President of Utilisation, is pleased that the university can offer this course, and adds:<br /><br /><div>&quot;Student from all over Europe express interest into how we at Chalmers and in Sweden take on sustainability challenges. The Northvolt and Volvo initiative around battery innovation, where Chalmers is highly engaged, is an inspiration for European leadership in Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Innovation&quot;, he says.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/summerschool_field_750x340.jpg" alt="Summer School in Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Innovation" style="margin:5px 0px" /><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /></div> <div><em><br />Text: Daniel Karlsson</em></div> <div><em>Photo: </em><span></span><span><em>Karen Williams Middleton</em><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><span style="display:inline-block"></span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></div> <br />Read more about the <a href="https://enhanceuniversity.eu/" target="_blank">ENHANCE alliance</a><br />Ream more about <a href="https://student.portal.chalmers.se/en/chalmersstudies/tracks/Pages/Tracks.aspx">Chalmers’ Tracks courses</a><br /><br />Thu, 01 Sep 2022 11:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/lead/news/Pages/TREFF-2022-Resilience-has-become-crucial-for-supply-chains-to-survive.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/lead/news/Pages/TREFF-2022-Resilience-has-become-crucial-for-supply-chains-to-survive.aspxTREFF 2022: "Resilience has become crucial for supply chains to survive"<p><b>​Numerous crises have hit our transport networks since the pandemic broke out. So how can we meet the challenges? The importance of resilience – and how to achieve it – was one of the themes of this year's Transport Efficiency Day, TREFF 2022.</b></p><div>​&quot;We can´t count on reality as we did before. All we can do is try to build a resilient society so that we can meet the challenges&quot;.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>With this statement, Ivan Sanchez-Diaz, associate professor at Chalmers and co-director of Northern Lead, framed the initial focus of The Transport Efficiency Day (Transporteffektivitetsdagen), which attracts a variety of actors from the industry, society, and academia each year.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The challenges that the transport sector has faced in recent times seem almost innumerable. Ceren Altuntas Vural, associate professor at Chalmers and Northern Lead, highlighted crisis after crisis which has had a significant impact on supply chains. The pandemic and the war in Ukraine are two of the gravest, prompting additional difficulties such as the energy crisis, increased fuel prices, and shortage of commodities like semiconductors. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Resilience and sustainability are key</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;After the pandemic, we have been facing closed borders, port closures, a lack of truck drivers, capacity problems, and empty container shortages combined with heavy consumer hoarding. In 2021, the ship blocking the Suez Canal did not help in solving the problems at all… And while we were trying to recover from all these disruptions, the Russian invasion of Ukraine came, which particularly affected the food and energy supply chains. All these disruptions after another increased costs and consequently caused long-lasting inflation in many countries in the world&quot;, she says.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The effects on the supply chains are tangible and have led to a lack of goods and services, continued uncertainty in demand and supply, and higher prices for the consumer, amongst other things.<br /><br /> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Resilient supply chains have always been on our agenda. But now, resilience has become almost the most important capability for supply chains to survive, combined with sustainability goals&quot;, says Ceren Altuntas Vural.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Research on the disruptions</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Johan Woxenius, professor of maritime logistics at the University of Gothenburg and Northern Lead, pointed out that the many crises at least have led to some media interest, bringing attention to the importance of functioning supply chains.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>He added port conflicts, cyber-attacks, low water levels in rivers, and a lack of skilled labour to the long list of challenges in recent years, as well as high prices and shortage of components, commodities, food, and energy. Johan Woxenius and his research colleagues are examining the disruptions of maritime supply chains in several collaborative projects.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Our interest lies in what we can do about this. How can we create resilience and what types of disturbances might lie ahead?&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Hard to foresee all crises </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>All results are not yet compiled but looking at today's situation he can at least note some bright spots. Prices are coming down, as well as lead times to cross the pacific and in the ports.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;One difficulty is that the systems for energy, transport, and raw materials are so large and slow-moving that it takes a long time to increase capacity. And you need to know that there is a long-term utility to be able to pay back the investments&quot;, he says.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Johan Woxenius emphasized that the complexity of our supply chains means that many crises and complications can´t be foreseen. He illustrated his point by describing the situation with laser grade neon, used in the high-quality lasers needed to manufacture semiconductors.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;50 percent of laser grade neon was made in Ukraine, and the rest in China. And it takes a long lead time to build new factories. So, you can see the complexity! The unexpected things will come, in different forms and different patterns&quot;, he says.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Too much autonomy can be problematic</h3> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> Cecilia Malmström, former European Union Commissioner for Trade, spoke about how the trade sector and supply chains have been impacted by the current geopolitical situation. </div> <div></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Trade has become increasingly complex. We must take geopolitics into consideration, and companies need to adapt and plan for different scenarios. That requires increased transparency, better use of digital tools, flexibility, resilience, and diversification&quot;, she says.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Cecilia Malmström stated that trade in the west has been marked by protectionism and that we will see an increased focus on regionalized trade. New terms have popped up, such as &quot;Friends-shoring&quot;, a concept that seeks to reallocate production and sourcing away from unreliable partners.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Independence can be a good thing, she pointed out, but too much autonomy can also be a trap. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;In certain areas, it makes a lot of sense to have your own production or try to diversify. But we are all interdependent and we have so many problems we need to solve together&quot;, she says.<br /><br /><div><em>Text: Ulrika Ernström</em></div> <em> </em><div><em> </em></div> <em> </em><div><em> </em></div> <em> </em><div><em> </em></div> <em> </em><div><span style="display:inline-block"><em>Photo: via Closer</em></span><br /></div>  </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More voices from The Transport Efficiency Day</h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Sandra Runsten, Sweco</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><em>“The society we create today needs to be sustainable enough to last for decades, yet needs to be flexible and adaptable”</em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br />Henrik Åkerman, Picadeli</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><em>”We are a better company now than before the pandemic. That's because we adapted and took advantage of smart technical systems”</em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Cecilia Malmström, former member of the European Parliament</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><em>“Is this the death of globalization? My answer is no. We will see a regionalization of trade, but that’s not in contradiction with globalization. However, the governance of globalization is in a huge crisis, and we need global rules and international, multilateral frameworks”</em></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">About Transport Efficiency Day / Transporteffektivitetsdagen</h3> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="https://sv-se.invajo.com/event/closernorthernlead/transporteffektivitetsdagen2022" target="_blank">Transport Efficiency Day</a> is an annual conference organized by <a href="/en/centres/lead/">Northern Lead</a> logistics centre at Chalmers and the University of Gothenburg, and <a href="https://closer.lindholmen.se/" target="_blank">CLOSER</a> at Lindholmen. The event took place on August 30th 2022, and the topic was &quot;Smart freight transportation to support a resilient society&quot;.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div>Thu, 01 Sep 2022 11:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Chalmers-and-Ikea-spur-innovation-in-sustainability-with-a-competition.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Chalmers-and-Ikea-spur-innovation-in-sustainability-with-a-competition.aspxChalmers and Ikea spur innovation in sustainability with a competition<p><b>​Gamification to raise awareness of global sustainability, reuse of old furniture through the Ikea website and 3D-scanning to discover damage to returned furniture. These are a few of the ideas coming out of the Innovation Challenge, where Chalmers students developed innovations that could transform both Ikea’s products and their business operations.</b></p>​In a rapidly changing world, business and academic partnerships are becoming increasingly important. This is also true for a company like Ikea, which is looking to help secure a good foundation of competence among young talents to help tackle future challenges in retail, supply chain logistics and product development, to name just a few. <br /><br />This year, Chalmers University of Technology and <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> Supply collaborated in a new competition among students: Innovation Challenge. Here, students from the Industrial Engineering and Management program integrated theory and practice to conceptualize digital innovations to help <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> fulfill its vision of a more sustainable and circular future. Approximately 120 students were divided into twenty groups. The students presented their ideas for each other and a jury with Innovation Leaders at <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> Supply Development and Innovation Networks, who then selected three winners. <br /><br />Innovation Challenge also represents an opportunity for Chalmers students to get a first experience of real working life:<br /><br />“We designed the Innovation Challenge to enable our students to take the classroom into the real world and work on challenges that companies are facing today. In this manner, Chalmers can also create value for society that goes beyond the walls of the classroom. The students did an amazing job taking on <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>’s sustainability challenge, and I am so impressed with what they delivered,” says Robin Teigland, Professor in Management of Digitalization at the Department of Technology Management and Economics.<br /><br /><div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">New ideas to be tested</h3></div> <div>For <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>, the benefit is a contribution to their circular business model as well as specific feasible solution proposals to be further tested, developed and deployed.<br /></div> <br /><div>“We hope that coming together will bring new digital approaches, outside-in perspectives and smart solutions to real-life situations at home for our customers,” says Tomas Francl, who has worked with people and culture at <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> for over 20 years. <br /><br /></div> <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block">, who is a <a href="/en/news/Pages/Ikea-becomes-new-strategic-partner-for-Chalmers.aspx">strategic partner to Chalmers</a>,</span></span> also aims to further develop their cooperation with Chalmers:<br /><br />“Initiatives like the Innovation Challenge shall be maintained and developed further. Many <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> employees come from universities, and they have great experience with a high level of competence like the students from Chalmers possess. It’s a part of <span>Ikea<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>’s strategy to innovate and develop together so this is a contributing step on that journey,” Tomas Francl continues. <br /><br /><div><br /></div> <div><em>The winning teams and their proposals, from the jury's motivations:</em></div> <br /><strong>”Smålandia Game”. Education for a sustainable tomorrow - for the many</strong><br />Team members, group 3: Hugo Dalhgren, Sofia Stjepanovic, Alva Jansson, Felicia Svensson, Oskar Kullner, Fanny Söderling.<br /><em>Group 3 skillfully combined digital education, Ikea’s customer needs and sustainability challenges in their concept of “Smålandia”. The long-term goal of the project is to educate the next generation of Ikea customers through gamification and mobile applications. The knowledge acquired in a gaming format is believed to raise awareness of sustainability globally to the next generation and give the right tools to make conscious purchases. This idea highlighted the importance of educating future generations by means of digital technologies and was recognized as imaginative and outside-of-the-box.</em> [Creativity Award] (Ikea Prize for uniqueness, simplicity and feasibility)<br /><br /><strong>”Ikea FYND” Using old furniture to make new homes special!</strong><br />Team members, group 5: Anna Garnbratt, Jens Sandgren, Ida Hansson Häggstrand, Casper Lindh. <br />“<em>Recycle your old Ikea furniture with profit and ease” - Group 5 found a way to reuse old Ikea furniture to make new homes special. Their concept FYND could enable customers to sell their old Ikea furniture to other customers within the official Ikea website. FYND would also facilitate first-hand-users to easily find a market to sell their products and allow Ikea to gather first-hand knowledge of sold products that could be evaluated and refurbished when brought back. With a clear design vision and a strong customer focus, group 5 was awarded the</em> [Customer Innovation Award] (Ikea Prize for customer centricity and building on existing Ikea strengths).<br /><br /><strong>“Scand3r for Ikea” Automated scanning and tracking of Ikea furniture.</strong><br />Team members, group 6: Tamas Nagy, Jonas Röst, Emil Nilsson, William Schmitz, Renato Roos Radevski, Ella Sibbmark. <br /><div><em>With SCAND3R, group 6 explored the technological opportunities of 3D-Scanning and RFID tags in Ikea’s business model. They found their use case in automatically scanning returned Ikea furniture to identify potential alterations or damages and developed a value proposition for both Ikea and their customers. In acknowledgement of a thorough technical analysis, including financial and security risks, group 6 was awarded the</em> [Technical Innovation Award] (Ikea Prize for technology and innovation)</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> The Innovation challenge was a collaboration between Ikea and the Entrepreneurship &amp; Strategy Division of Chalmers University of Technology and part of the course “Leading in a Digital World”, organised by Professor Robin Teigland with her PhD students Adrian Bumann and Maria Kandaurova.<br /><br /><br /><strong>For more information, please contact:</strong><br />Tomas Francl, Competence Development Area Leader IKEA Range &amp; Supply<br />People &amp; Culture at Inter IKEA<br /><a href="mailto:tomas.francl@inter.ikea.com">tomas.francl@inter.ikea.com</a><br />+46766190913<br /><br />Robin Teigland, Professor in Management of Digitalization at the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology<br /><a href="mailto:robin.teigland@chalmers.se">robin.teigland@chalmers.se</a><br />+46707814422<br /><br />Tue, 28 Jun 2022 08:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ace/news/Pages/lessons-to-be-learnt-from-unique-housing-program.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/ace/news/Pages/lessons-to-be-learnt-from-unique-housing-program.aspxMany lessons to be learnt from unique housing program<p><b>​Slightly more expensive, a little faster but with maintained quality and civic influence. But the most important goal was not reached in BoStad2021, the six-year long project to build more homes in Gothenburg. These are some of the conclusions in Chalmers' follow-up research of the unique venture. </b></p>​When 7,000 extra homes were to be built within the City of Gothenburg's program BoStad2021, the city planned for an unconventional construction process with a special organization and new working methods to build more homes in a shorter time. In 2015, Chalmers was commissioned to observe and research the initiative. The final report, which is now ready, answers both the question of how successful the venture has been, while at the same time pointing out important lessons to be learned in the future.     <br /><br /> – A gathered project organization with a clear mandate is necessary to improve progress and create a holistic view. The city's new organization for urban development seem to take this into account, but creates a risk of a glitch in the process between planning and implementation, says Anders Svensson, Chalmers' project manager for the overall research project.     <br /><br />Of the 7,000 planned homes, only 4,000 were completed by 2021, but the goal will be achieved in 2023. The fact that the goal was not reached within the time frame has several reasons, including that the conditions for many of the projects were more difficult than assumed. But just as important as the number of homes is the quality of what is being built, says Anders Svensson. <br /><br />Comparisons show that the quality of the projects within BoStad2021 was not worse than in compared projects in the ordinary production - but that it is a long way to go to the mixed-use city that the municipality and developers present as the ideal.     <br /><br /> – The quality did not deteriorate because the detailed planning phase went faster. But we can see that the gap between the ambition of a mixed-use city and the built reality is annoyingly large in the projects within the BoStad2021 program as well as outside. An important lesson for both the municipality and the developers should be to avoid plots that have neither the conditions to achieve housing quality nor a mixed-use city, says Anders Svensson.     <br /><br /><div>The report contains both overall conclusions about goal fulfillment and lessons learned that can contribute to a more efficient urban planning process.  </div> <div><br /></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Reports (available in Swedish):</h3></div> <div>Final report from the project: <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/publication/529240/file/529240_Fulltext.pdf">Planera och bygga bostäder snabbare<br /></a></div> <div>All publications from the project: <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/project/7299#publications">research.chalmers.se<br /></a></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Participating researchers:</h3> <div>Jan Bröchner, Department of Technology Management and Economics<br />Joanna Gregorowicz-Kipszak, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering<br />Mathias Petter Gustafsson, <span>Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> <br />Anders Hagson, <span>Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering</span><br /><span><span>Anders Svensson, <span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></span><span><span>Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /></div>Tue, 28 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Lack-of-incentives-for-large-scale-solar-energy-in-Sweden.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Lack-of-incentives-for-large-scale-solar-energy-in-Sweden.aspxLack of incentives for large-scale solar energy in Sweden<p><b>​Current regulations and subsidies have favoured small-scale ownership of photovoltaic systems in Sweden. This is shown in a new study from Chalmers University of Technology. To promote the construction of larger systems and solar-as-a-service, changes in regulations are required. Such changes in regulations can contribute to the national goal of reaching one hundred percent renewable electricity production by the year 2040.</b></p>​In recent years, the market for self-produced solar energy has exploded in Sweden. The reason is, among other things, high electricity prices and the ongoing climate change. But for those who do not have a roof of their own or the financial conditions to invest in a solar system, the alternatives are limited.<br /><br />&quot;If we are to be able to increase the amount of solar energy in Sweden, we must ensure that more people have access to solar photovoltaics, not just those with detached houses who can afford to buy a system&quot;, says Amanda Bankel, doctoral student at the division of Innovation and R&amp;D Management at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><br />The new study by Amanda Bankel and Ingrid Mignon, Associate Professor at the same division, has been published in the scientific journal Energy Policy. It shows that there is a lack of agreement in how researchers, policymakers and firms view solar business models. For instance, “community solar” business models have received much attention in research and policy at, for example, EU level. Community solar means that many people come together to produce, share, and consume renewable energy locally.<br /><br />However, such business models are hardly found among solar firms on the Swedish market. This does not imply that there are no energy communities in Sweden – only that firms do not see the need to design their business models for these customers. If Swedish policymakers want to increase the amount of solar energy through energy communities, they must also understand how firms that offer photovoltaic systems reason and what motivates them to specifically target energy communities, says Amanda Bankel.<br /><br />Other solutions that make it possible for customers to buy solar energy as a service through, for example, leasing, are also scarce in Sweden, despite having had a major impact in other countries, such as the US.<br /><br />&quot;Swedish policy instruments have favoured small-scale systems where the person who consumes the solar energy is the same one who buys and owns the system. Hence, it is not surprising that we see many firms offering these solutions and only a few that are aimed at people who do not want, or have the opportunity, to invest in their own system.&quot;<br /><br />&quot;If Sweden is to achieve its goal of 100 percent renewable electricity production by 2040, policymakers should ensure that more people have access to solar photovoltaics by promoting different types of solutions&quot;, says Amanda Bankel.<br /><div><div><br /></div> <div><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/AmandaBankel_600.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:450px" /><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/IngridJohanssonMignon_photoLaurentToudic_600.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:450px" /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /></div> <br /><div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em>Amanda Bankel and Ingrid Johansson Mignon.<span style="display:inline-block"></span></em></div> <br /></div> <br /><strong>About community solar</strong><br />Community solar involves many people coming together to produce, share, and consume renewable energy locally. They are described by the Swedish Energy Agency as an effective way to meet the challenges of energy transition.<br /><br /><strong>About leasing</strong><br />Leasing of solar photovoltaic means that you as a homeowner rent a photovoltaic system that is located on your own roof and owned by a leasing provider. Instead of making a large investment upfront, you pay a monthly fee to the firm that owns, operates, and maintains the system.  <br /><div><br /><br /></div> <div><span><span><em>Text: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /><em>Photo: Johan Bodell, Daniel Karlsson<span style="display:inline-block"></span></em></span></span><br /></div> <br /><br /><strong>About the study</strong><br />The study &quot;Solar business models from a firm perspective – an empirical study of the Swedish market&quot; is published in the scientific journal Energy Policy, volume 166, July 2022: <br /><span><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113013" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113013</a><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113013" target="_blank"><span style="display:inline-block"></span></a></span><br /><br /><strong>Contacts</strong><br /><a href="/en/staff/Pages/amanda-bankel.aspx">Amanda Bankel</a>, doctoral student, Technology Management and Economics<br /><a href="mailto:amanda.bankel@chalmers.se">amanda.bankel@chalmers.se</a>, phone +46 31 772 1228<br /><br /><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Ingrid-Mignon.aspx">Ingrid Johansson Mignon</a>, Associate Professor, Technology Management and Economics<br /><a href="mailto:ingrid.mignon@chalmers.se">ingrid.mignon@chalmers.se</a>, phone +46  31 772 6329<br />Mon, 20 Jun 2022 08:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/How-to-improve-energy-efficiency-in-operations.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/How-to-improve-energy-efficiency-in-operations.aspxHow to improve energy efficiency in operations<p><b>​Operations rely on energy in the production and transportation of goods and services. Recent events and its consequences have caused supply chain disruptions and energy price hikes, and this requires not only to use alternative energy sources but also pacing and accelerating the improvement of energy efficiency. However, companies need more guidance to embrace engagement in and replication of such an improvement, in order to cultivate conditions that encourage practicing sustainability in the workplace. Naghmeh Taghavi investigates this in her doctoral thesis.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​What challenges do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div>&quot;Whereas sustainability orientation has been initiated at the corporate level through including sustainability oriented ambitions in corporations' strategic directions, how those ends might be achieved in practice is not thoroughly clear. Specifically, while energy efficiency is considered as a legitimate sustainability-related objective, companies still have little incentive to increase the energy efficiency of their operations.  As a result, a great potential for improved energy efficiency has remained to be achieved via engaging in and replicating non-technological improvements.&quot;<br /><br />&quot;However, promoting and sustaining such improvements requires strategic-operational alignment for resources utilization and influencing individual and collective actions via developing people's skills and competences.  Therefore, my research focuses on complexities of connecting strategic-operational priorities, as well as challenge in integration between objectives and actionable practices within and across organizations to improve energy efficiency and to facilitate practicing sustainability.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem with your research?</h3> <div>&quot;My research expands current understandings of improving energy efficiency in operations as a firm-based practice. Therefore, in my research,  first I investigate which activities shape the process of improving energy efficiency in operations, how and why actions and meanings lead to improved energy efficiency and by whom the activities are interpreted and employed. Such an understanding can ensure a consensus and close interaction of different stakeholders and as a result enable actualization of objectives for energy efficiency.&quot;<br /><br /></div> <div>&quot;Later, I investigate improving energy efficiency in operations as a practice which interrelates with both corporate -level sustainability-related strategic intentions as well as other strategic intentions for operations and how they mutually influence each other. By exploring originations' strategic-operational alignment, I seek to address the challenge of realization of different strategies in operations.&quot;<br /><br /></div> <div>&quot;Finally, I investigate mechanisms to integrate and coordinate interaction between individuals within organization to foster changes as a means to promote sustainability through building up competences, and ensuring continuity and repeatedly achieving improvements.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings of your research? </h3> <div>&quot;The findings showcase examples of the bidirectional perspective on synergy between operations management and energy management. Moreover, they suggest that the process of actualizing corporate-level objectives for energy efficiency in operations is not a top–down or bottom–up escalation of either the organization’s strategic intentions for sustainability or its strategic intentions for operations – but a continuous participatory process. By extension, the findings highlight an intermediate level of actors expanding the top-down duality of individuals. These actors foster improved energy efficiency in operations in their attempt to create an overlap between their roles and responsibilities and improving energy efficiency.&quot;<br /><br /></div> <div>&quot;By capturing how individuals engage in improvements, the findings suggest that improving energy efficiency in operations is deployed in practice not via sequential steps but via loops that can be generated in three ways: taking advantage of a mutual language, creating common interpretations, and fostering mutual interest. In that light, the findings advocates sharing accountability across domains while at once integrating competencies, instead of institutionalizing improving energy efficiency in operations in roles that lack decisive power and proximity to operations.&quot;<br /><br /></div> <div>&quot;Furthermore, the findings reveal how improving energy efficiency in operations can serve as a launchpad for facilitating knowledge exchange, by placing individuals together and allowing them to share knowledge via formal and informal mechanisms and, as a result, cultivate changes in individual and collective actions and understandings via three processes: sharing knowledge between experts and novices, embedding knowledge in material elements and infrastructure, and treating the innovation of knowledge as an ongoing process.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div>&quot;I hope that my research can help companies and guide practitioners to continue engaging in improvement through promoting strategic-operational alignment to improve energy efficiency in operations instead of positioning energy efficiency as a condition or outcome of operations management. Moreover by illuminating the evolution of sustainability as practice, I hope this research can ensure development over time as a means to realize the sustainable development of operation.&quot;<br /><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>Read the thesis <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/en/publication/?id=530366">&quot;Toward the Sustainable Development of Operations: Improving Energy Efficiency as a Means to Sustainability as Practice&quot;</a></div> <div><br />The author will defend the thesis on 13 June 2022 at 13.15, see link on the <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/en/publication/?id=530366">thesis’ page</a></div> <div><br />More about <a href="/en/staff/Pages/Naghmeh.aspx">Naghmeh Taghavi Nejad Deilami</a><br /></div>Thu, 09 Jun 2022 11:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Privateers-mass-aggregators-and-trolls-in-the-messy-patent-world.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Privateers-mass-aggregators-and-trolls-in-the-messy-patent-world.aspxPrivateers, mass aggregators and trolls in the messy patent world<p><b>​Patents may be helpful for commercializing new technologies and may effectively extend the boundaries of firms, but patents may also impose costs on other firms and to society. In his doctoral thesis, Tom Ewing investigates patent assertions via litigation and licensing to understand these activities and their roles in firm strategies.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​What challenge do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div>&quot;Most if not all commercial agreements regarding patents are confidential; most litigations settle on confidential terms; some patent holders are even known to hide the full extent of their patent portfolios using nests of shell companies. While patents are publicly available legal documents, knowing who owns them and what they are doing with them is not straightforward. So, the challenge here is to peek into this often messy and complex world to get a better grip on what's actually going on.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem with your research? </h3> <div>&quot;To get at this hidden data, I developed a set of chaining techniques that allow small bits of information about patents and/or their ownership or control to be assembled into a larger data mosaic that can then be meaningfully studied and compared with various theories of the firm.&quot;<br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings of your research?</h3> <div>&quot;I discovered various ways in which firms, particularly large ones, employ surrogates to achieve commercial objectives that would be difficult for these large firms to do by themselves. I named one of my discoveries 'patent privateering' because it resembles the way that warring nations in the past would commission pirates – known as privateers – to prey on the ships of their enemies. Patent privateering allows firms to use other, small patent-holding firms to complete commercial tasks with patents that they cannot do themselves without incurring various forms of retaliation from their competitors.&quot; (Explaining the pirates in the background of the photo) <br /><br /></div> <div>&quot;I also explored another service provider known as the 'patent mass aggregator' that spends billions of dollars to acquire patents and then commercializes them, including selling off small, concentrated bundles of patents to larger firms just when these firms need them for activities such as litigations. I have similarly investigated management decisions during litigations, and a class of firms known as patent assertion entities – also known as patent trolls. In summary, these specialty firms can be seen as strategic tools for extending the resources or boundaries for firms, particularly larger firms.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div>&quot;It would be fantastic if more and more data about the commercial side of patents became publicly available. At the moment, most of this data is hidden, which among other things, limits the types of markets that can develop to commercialize patents. So, an ultimate end goal would be the development of a more open and sustainable market for patent commercialization.&quot;</div> <div><br /><br /></div> <div><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /><em> </em><br /></div> <div>Read the thesis: <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/en/publication/?id=530228" target="_blank">Exploring the Boundaries of Patent Commercialization Models via Litigation</a></div> <div><br /> </div> <div>The author will defend the thesis on 3 June 2022 at 13.15, <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/en/publication/?id=530228" target="_blank">see link on the thesis’ page</a></div> <div><br />More about <a href="https://www.ip-research.org/scholars/thomas-ewing-2/" target="_blank">Thomas Ewing</a></div> <div> </div>Mon, 30 May 2022 15:00:00 +0200