News: Teknikens ekonomi och organisation related to Chalmers University of TechnologyMon, 17 Jan 2022 09:15:20 +0100 access to home delivery services<p><b>​The pandemic has revealed large variations in the accessibility to goods via online home delivery services. Those who may have the greatest need – such as the elderly in rural areas – have the least access. However, the new research from Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden, also shows a distinct improvement during the pandemic.</b></p><div>​The Covid-19 pandemic has increased the demand for home delivery of various types of goods, pharmacy products and food. But access to the services is not equal. The new study from Chalmers, published in the scientific journal Transport Policy, shows that marginalized groups have less chances of using online home delivery services.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;The results confirmed that online home delivery services were designed for homogeneous market segments, such as urban young citizens with medium to high income&quot;, says Associate Professor Ivan Sanchez-Diaz, who directed the study together with colleagues Associate Professor Ceren Altuntas Vural and Professor Árni Halldórsson at the Department of Technology Management and Economics.</div> <div> </div> <div>The research was conducted as a regional case study in Sweden. Selected geographic areas were linked to demographic indicators of the population, such as age, citizenship, education level and income. The data was later analysed together with the geographical coverage of logistics service providers during two occasions – the first wave of the pandemic in the spring of 2020 and the third wave of the pandemic in April 2021.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;The data from the spring of 2020 showed a market failure. Lack of accessibility to online home delivery services was determined by the location, which was compounded with certain demographic characteristics: older population, lower income and lower level of education&quot;, says Ceren Altuntas Vural.</div> <div> </div> <div>The proximity to a major city is a factor explaining accessibility. However, there were some areas within the city municipality with low access, and that tend to overlap with older population, and lower income. Simultaneously, some zones with high income outside the municipality have acceptable access to home delivery services.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Improvements during the pandemic</h3> <div>The second data set from April 2021 indicated that the coverage was improved, so there were some learnings from the pandemic. After the first two waves of the pandemic, the main changes were seen in pharmacies that went from 62% to 99% of coverage in home deliveries, and food that went from about 40% to 60% in coverage. In terms of parcels, small logistics players grew significantly both in scale and in scope of their home delivery services.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;This study shows the necessity of an inclusive service design. Logistics service providers and companies that want to provide home delivery services to their customers should not think that ‘one size fits all’. They need to increase focus on social sustainability and make sure that the services are designed in a way that enables accessibility to goods, even if the social status or location of certain customer groups lead to some market disadvantages&quot;, says Árni Halldórsson.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Lessons for companies and society</h3> <div>The researchers present some key learning points from the pandemic that can help companies to design more inclusive services:</div> <ul><li>Offering non-digital alternatives for payment, as not everyone has access to digital ID or payment services.</li> <li>Deliveries to pick-up points, although more efficient and environmentally sustainable, can be a challenge for people with limited mobility or when there is a risk of contagion so they may not be sufficient in terms of access to goods. </li> <li>Retailers and pharmacies should coordinate with different logistics companies to find ways to reach all customers at home in a cost-effective way. Also, when conditions do not allow for a cost-effective home delivery service, there should be a public or social organization that enable home delivery for the vulnerable population. </li></ul> <div> &quot;The study's conclusions are also important for policy makers, particularly for those who design public services for the elderly or people with certain disadvantages. There are a lot of potential synergies between business logistics activities and public services. A collaboration between these actors might yield to more inclusive and efficient home delivery logistics services&quot;, Ivan Sanchez-Diaz concludes.</div> <div> </div> <div>The researchers will continue their studies, including a greater focus on inequality in home deliveries of food.</div> <div> </div> <div><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/leveransforskare_750x340.jpg" alt="Forskarna vid Chalmers" style="margin:5px" /><br /><em>The researchers </em><span><span></span><em>Ivan Sanchez-Diaz, Ceren Altuntas Vural and Árni Halldórsson, Department of </em></span></span><span><span><span><em>T</em><span style="display:inline-block"></span><em>echnology Management and Economics</em></span></span></span><span><span><em>, Chalmers.</em><br /></span> </span><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">About the study<span></span></h3> <div>The researchers conducted a case study in Västra Götaland region of Sweden. A sample of postal codes within this region were selected for the analysis. Then some demographic indicators of the population registered to these postal codes were collected from national statistics. These indicators included age, citizenship, education level and income. </div> <div> </div> <div>The data was later analysed together with the geographical coverage of home delivery services provided by three logistics service providers that deliver parcels and two pharmacies that deliver prescribed drugs. Data was collected twice, during the first wave of the pandemic in the spring of 2020 and the third wave of the pandemic in April 2021.</div> <div> </div> <div>The results of the study were published in Transport Policy, vol 109: <a href="" target="_blank">&quot;Assessing the inequalities in access to online delivery services and the way COVID-19 pandemic affects marginalization&quot;</a></div> <div> </div> <div><span><div><em><br />Text: Daniel Karlsson</em></div> <div><em>Photo: Chalmers / CFFC (portrait, USDA - public domain (illustration photo)<br /></em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Contacts:</h3> <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/ivan-sanchez.aspx"><div>Ivan Sanchez-Diaz</div> </a></span><span><span>Associate Professor, </span>Technology Management and Economics</span><span><div><a href=""></a>, +46 31 7725154 </div> <div><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/ivan-sanchez.aspx"><br /></a></div> <a href="/en/staff/Pages/ceren-altuntasvural.aspx" target="_blank"><div>Ceren Altuntas Vural</div> </a></span><span><span><span><span>Associate Professor, </span>T<span style="display:inline-block"></span>echnology Management and Economics</span></span></span><span><div><a href=""></a>, +46 31 7726903</div> <div><br /></div> <a href="/en/staff/Pages/arni-halldorsson.aspx"><div>Árni Halldórsson</div> </a></span><span><span><span><span>Professor, </span>T<span style="display:inline-block"></span>echnology Management and Economics</span></span></span><span><div><a href=""></a>, +46 31 772158</div></span></div></span><br /></div>Thu, 13 Jan 2022 10:00:00 +0100 managers and engineering students join forces<p><b>​Managers in healthcare in the Region Västra Götaland and engineering students at Chalmers will now have the opportunity to jointly find solutions to actual challenges in healthcare. By integrating course elements from two existing educations, there are opportunities for valuable knowledge exchange between professionals and students, which in the next step can benefit patients.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">The new collaborative project involves an integration of Chalmers’ commissioned education in quality-driven development for managers and business developers in healthcare and a course element in Chalmers’ master's education with focus on quality and operations management.​</span><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Collaboration with a clear connection to the daily activities</h3> <div>The purpose of the project, which runs to March 2024, is to weave ongoing development work within the Region Västra Götaland with Chalmers' educational efforts. The project will be possible after a joint project proposal from Chalmers and the Region Västra Götaland has been awarded research funding from the Swedish innovation agency Vinnova in the area of educational collaboration and work-integrated learning.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Udda%20format/Jan_Kilhamn_230x300.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />“We view this type of project with a clear connection to the daily activities very positively. Here, Chalmers, with its pragmatic and solution-oriented approach, is a very important partner to us. We have a common history of training initiatives for our business developers and managers and a consensus on what needs to be developed”, says Jan Kilhamn, acting director of health and medical care in the Region Västra Götaland.</div> <div><br />The education will be conducted at the Department of Technology Management and Economics and the Centre for Healthcare Improvement (CHI), which is an education and research centre at Chalmers within improvement, innovation and transformation of healthcare. Here you will find expertise in, for example, quality development, logistics, production planning, innovation and organisational learning.<br /><br /></div> <div>CHI offers education for healthcare professionals and for students in Chalmers' master's program and doctoral programmes. Since 2004, CHI has conducted a number of trainings for leaders and development managers in healthcare.<br /><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Udda%20format/Ida_Gremyr_230x300.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Ida Gremyr, professor of quality management and program manager for the master's program in quality and operations management, will lead the project.<br /><br /></div> <div>“The project aims to create a long-term platform for collaboration in development and improvement work between the Region Västra Götaland and Chalmers.&quot; <br /><br />&quot;We have worked together successfully with educational initiatives in lifelong learning for many years, but now we have the opportunity to develop it further. We also plan to make it scalable so that others can draw inspiration from us and our collaboration”, says Ida Gremyr.<br /><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><br /></div> <div><div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Problem solving of healthcare challenges</h3></div> <div>The healthcare managers will be able to present actual challenges from their activities and work together with the engineering students to find solutions to the problems. The teaching will, among other things, be conducted in case format.<br /><br /></div> <div>“As an employer we want to offer our employees an attractive environment. Not least, we want to give our younger employees the best possible conditions to make a good effort. Then this type of project is a very important and tangible tool for introducing improvement knowledge and for developing the operations and the individuals in parallel”, Jan Kilhamn continues.<br /><br /></div> <div>“By strengthening the exchange of knowledge and contacts between Chalmers and the Region Västra Götaland, we can both increase the students’ working life connection during the education and engage the professionals in lifelong learning. We also want to open the eyes to the public sector, and specifically the Region Västra Götaland, as a potential employer for many of our engineers&quot;, says Ida Gremyr.<br /><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Udda%20format/Patrik_Alexandersson_230x300.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />&quot;The planning of the new education has already begun and we hope that in the autumn of 2022 we will have found good ways to create integrated elements for master's courses and courses for professionals”, says Patrik Alexandersson, director at the Centre for Healthcare Improvement at Chalmers.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Attracting brain power to tomorrow's healthcare</h3> <div>The Region Västra Götaland region is one of Sweden's largest employers with approximately 55,000 employees and is responsible for health and medical care, culture, public transport and regional development in Västra Götaland.<br /><br /></div> <div>“Our residents do not want yesterday's healthcare. They want today's, and preferably tomorrow's, healthcare”, says Jan Kilhamn. “Thus, this type of project is of course also about the supply of skills. There, the pedagogical aspect of lifelong learning and continuous improvement that Chalmers offers is important for us to incorporate into our organization.”<br /><br /></div> <div>“In addition, we want to create the best possible conditions for digital solutions that make it easier for our residents. There is a clear connection between technology platforms and digital and digi-physical services for patients. It is about attracting brain power that wants to work with technology in healthcare”, concludes Jan Kilhamn.<br /><br /><div><span style="background-color:initial"><em>Captions:</em></span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>The upper picture: Jan Kilhamn, acting director of health and medical care in the Västra Götaland Region. Photo: Carina Fyrberg.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>The middle picture: Ida Gremyr, professor of quality management and program manager for the master's program in quality and operations management at Chalmers. Photo: Chalmers / CFFC.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>The bottom picture: Patrik Alexandersson, director at the Centre for Healthcare Improvement at Chalmers. Photo: Chalmers / CFFC.</em></div> <br />Text: Linda Wallgren Jirvén</div> <div><br /></div> ​Mon, 10 Jan 2022 15:00:00 +0100 Active – collaboration for the health of the future<p><b>​​Chalmers University of Technology, the University of Gothenburg and former ice hockey star Henrik Lundqvist are some of the parties behind the new investment in sports research and the future of health – GoCo Active.</b></p><div>The investment is made with GoCo Health Innovation City at AstraZeneca in Mölndal as a base. A life science cluster in growth where business and academia are already working closely together. GoCo Active establishes a collaboration platform that will contribute with research-based knowledge, both to strengthen the health of the public and to give elite athletes the best possible conditions.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Puffbilder/Stefan%20Bengtsson_350x305.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="background-color:initial">&quot;GoCo Active will create an </span><span style="background-color:initial">arena for collaboration and interaction between researchers, students, athletes and the general public”, says Stefan Bengtsson, President and CEO of Chalmers University of Technology.  </span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>“As a National Sports University, and with research at the intersection between health and technology, Chalmers’ profile is ideally suited to the aims of the project. Contributing to improving health and development in this area feels like an important and exciting prospect.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>GoCo Active will serve as a meeting place in a new building directly adjacent to GoCo's other venture in Mölndal. A digital platform will also be created.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Puffbilder/Martin_Fagerstrom_Henrik_Lundqvist_350x305.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /></div> <div>&quot;We need to meet the health issues in society with new technologies, innovative solutions and new knowledge,&quot; says Martin Fagerström, assistant professor and active in Chalmers' Area of Advance Health Engineering. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;Tomorrow's health care is developing right now and it is happening at the intersection of researchers, practitioners in healthcare, business and individuals in need of care. This research is an important part of Chalmers' contribution to this collaboration.&quot;</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In addition to Chalmers, the University of Gothenburg and Henrik Lundqvist, Next step group, Vectura Fastigheter, Balder and AstraZeneca are behind the initiative. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><em>Captions:</em></div> <em> </em><div><br /></div> <em> </em><div><em>In the upper picture: Stefan Bengtsson, principal and CEO of Chalmers. Photo: </em><span style="background-color:initial"><i>Anna-Lena Lundqvist.</i></span></div> <em> </em><div><br /></div> <em> </em><div><em>In the bottom picture: Martin Fagerström, assistant professor and </em><em>Co-director of Area of Advance Health Engineering, and Henrik Lundqvist. </em><span style="background-color:initial"><em>Photo: GoCo Health Innovation City</em></span></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div>Wed, 22 Dec 2021 18:00:00 +0100 information for more efficient freight transport<p><b>How can real-time information in intermodal freight transport mitigate impacts from disruptions – and thereby achieve a high efficiency for the transport operations? This is the subject of Per Wide’s doctoral thesis, where operational disruptions have been in focus. Those have minor impacts on the transport but they occur often, for example traffic problems in terms of congestions.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What challenges do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div> </div> <div>There are challenges in reducing extra costs that occur in intermodal freight transport operations due to disruptions. At the same time, there is challenges around to what extent the use of information from information systems, that can offer real-time information to manage these disruptions, influence these extra costs. High costs and inflexibility in intermodal transport operations provide issues to compete with road-based freight transports. </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem?</h3> <div> </div> <div>To mitigate the impacts from disruptions and, in that way, lower extra costs on the intermodal freight transport operations my research has investigated real-time information around how a disruption is detected, and how its impacts are predicted, that then leads to an action to change the original plan with the aim to manage a disruption. Additionally, to increase the understanding around the challenges about information and its impacts on the management of disruptions, the efficiency impacts on intermodal freight transport operations are compared when different real-time information is given. </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings of your research?</h3> <div> </div> <div>The results show how real-time information creates new opportunities but also demands on the management of disruptions. For example, real-time information can support a management of disruption before impacts have occurred and mitigate impacts on transport operations. In that way real-time information can avoid reactive management of disruptions, when impacts on the transport operations have already occurred and the management relates to higher costs. The thesis also shows how coordination between actors influences the availability of real-time information when a disruption occurs. Moreover, the impacts on operational efficiency measures from disruptions are investigated for various scenarios for real-time information.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Real-time information has been found to take an active or a passive role for the management of disruptions in intermodal freight transport. The active role for real-time information needs understanding around real-time information and how actors involved in the transport chains coordinate their operations.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div> </div> <div>I hope my research will lead to increased understanding about the weight real-time information has for management of disruptions, that can lead to less impacts from disruptions and high efficiency in intermodal freight transport. Hopefully the research can lead to a process view on how disruptions are managed with support of real-time information. Transport managers and planners can create an understanding for how their management of disruptions can be adjusted to avoid management after impacts from disruptions have occurred, that is linked to high extra costs compared to the planned transport. Hopefully can a high efficiency in intermodal freight transport create improved conditions for a shift from road-based transport.  </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>Read the thesis: <a href="">“Real-time information for disruption management in intermodal freight transport”</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The author will defend the thesis on 10 December 2021 at 13.15, see link on the<a href="" target="_blank"> thesis’ page</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>More about <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/per-wide.aspx">Per Wide</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div>Tue, 07 Dec 2021 09:00:00 +0100​Call for a proposal – hosting a WASP distinguished guest professor <p><b>​WASP is announcing funding for guest professors for a period of two years, expecting to stay at the host university approximately six months per year. The areas are: autonomous systems, software, AI/MLX and AI/math.​</b></p><div><b style="background-color:initial"><br /></b></div> <div><b style="background-color:initial">Deadline: Jan 15, 2022</b><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>In total, <b>two positions will be founded</b>, and the WASP university partners can apply. The funding is valid for <b>all WASP areas</b> (autonomous systems, software, AI/MLX and AI/math).</div> <div>The main ranking criterium is the applicant's excellence, the probability of the realization, and finally, the program/aim of the visit. WASP also welcomes a combination with other initiatives or/and involvement of Swedish industry. </div> <div>Financial conditions are flexible and will match the levels of top-level researchers.  </div> <div>WASP is expecting to get the proposals during Q4 2021. Internal Chalmers deadline is Dec 20. A university can propose several candidates. </div> <div>During Q1 or Q2 2022, WASP will approve in total two proposals. A strict policy of gender balance (50/50) will be followed. </div> <div><b>The expected start of the visit</b> is Q3/Q4 2022, or Q1 2023. </div> <div><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Proposal Submission</h3> <div>Send a proposal to <b>Chalmers WASP</b> <b>representative</b> to <a href="">Ivica Crnkovic</a>, <b>l</b><b>atest Jan 15, 2022</b>.</div> <div>The proposal should include:</div> <div><ul><li>Name and affiliation of the distinguished guest professor, with a short motivation, overall preliminary schedule and activity plan for the visit.</li> <li>The hosting department and division/research group.</li> <li>If possible, a letter of interest from the potential distinguished guest professor or a statement that the professor has been contacted ad has expressed interest in the visit.</li> <li>CV of the proposed guest professor</li> <li>The head of the department must sign the application</li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The applications will be analyzed by Chalmers internal committee (to be defined) before sending to WASP.  Note that Chalmers will follow the recommendations from WASP and try to provide a balanced list of the candidates. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>For more information, contact please, <a href="">Ivica Crnkovic</a></div> <div><a href=""></a><br /></div> ​Thu, 25 Nov 2021 13:00:00 +0100 facilities management under change<p><b>​While public buildings are important, a substantial amount of the public building stock is run down with only minor, ad-hoc, renovations carried out. A more strategic type of public facilities management is required, focusing on long-term and sustainable planning, including new types of organizational practices. Ingrid Svensson’s doctoral thesis focus on the implementation of strategic planning measures in public facilities management organizations, and the development of strategic public facilities management.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​What challenges do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div>&quot;Despite the importance of good management of public properties, the maintenance of these has not been prioritized for many years, which has created a need for extensive renovation efforts. In several parts of Sweden, work is now underway to prevent similar scenarios in the future – and at the same time take care of the existing stock in a long-term and sustainable way, both financially, environmentally, and socially. This work is often referred to as strategic public facilities management.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem with your research?</h3> <div>&quot;The research project has studied how the work of creating and implementing strategic public facilities management in Swedish municipalities has been done. In my studies, I have focused on what work is performed, and by whom, during the change process when moving from one way of working and organizing to another. I could observe that the way in which one perceives and imagines public facilities management is changing. In other words, it can be called an institutional change which includes that the shared perception of what public facilities management is, and how it should be carried out, is changing.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings of your research?</h3> <div>&quot;The study shows how public facilities management organizations strive to change their organizational position within the municipality. They want a more central location to have a greater mandate to work more comprehensively and long-term with renovation and maintenance and also to be able to plan better for future needs. The study provides examples of how this work is done and what organizational consequences it has. For example, facility managers have received extended mandates from their own managers, which other organizations in the municipality are not always prepared for. Another example is that officials need to work more at different levels in the organization than before.&quot;</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;In order for strategic public facilities management to become a reality, resources are required, partly personnel but also a changed type of organization. Forms of collaboration should be reviewed; what new roles are needed? How can these be better integrated into the business so that their skills are useful in the broadest sense? How can the types of IT support that are now being implemented on a broad front regarding inventory of the stock be used in a better way?&quot;</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;The work with strategic public facilities management should be seen as a continuous work and not as a project with a clear beginning and end. Often, the latter is the case in practice, which means difficulties in getting both new tasks and roles, such as strategists, to gain momentum over time.&quot;<br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;Strategists is the collective name for a new type of role that is emerging within municipal managing organizations. These people are supposed to be working across organizational boundaries and working strategically and long-term. Many people find this difficult in practice because their organizational context is not prepared for that type of role.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div>&quot;I hope that my research will help to shed light on the fact that strategic public facilities management is much about organizational aspects and that the work of introducing and developing strategic public facilities management is a complex and long-term work. I have seen that a lot of work is done but in different directions. For example work to develop strategic public facilities management conceptually is conducted, but this work may not be connected to the operational work. I hope my research can help to understand where to focus your resources. In the end, I hope will be able to participate and contribute to a sustainable and strategic public facilities management.&quot;<br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;I hope that my research will contribute to increased understanding and knowledge of the organizational landscape in which public strategic facilities management is developed and how individuals experience working with the introduction of strategic public facilities management and how their everyday work is affected.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div><br /><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Read the thesis <a href="">&quot;Institutional work across multiple levels: The case of strategic public facilities management in the making&quot; </a></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The author will defend the thesis on 26 November 2021 at 13.15, see link on <a href="">thesis' page</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div>More about <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/ingrid-josefsson.aspx">Ingrid Svensson</a> <br /></div>Mon, 22 Nov 2021 12:00:00 +0100 emissions to become chemicals in new EU project<p><b>​Microorganisms that &quot;eat&quot; CO2 and turn it into useful chemicals and materials – a double gain, with carbon emission taken care of and less created in production. This is the scope of a new European project of almost half a billion SEK. Researchers from Chalmers will help to guide the developers to the most environmentally benign design. </b></p><div>​The new project PyroCO2 will demonstrate large-scale conversion of industrial carbon emissions into value-added chemicals and materials. The project, conducted by a consortium of 20 industrial and research partners from 11 countries, aims to demonstrate a new path to create value from industrial CO2 emissions – while improving the sustainability of the chemical industry in Europe.<br /><br />The scope is to establish and demonstrate an innovative platform for carbon capture and utilization, CCU, that turns industrial CO2 into chemical building-blocks using a new biotechnological approach. These are then converted further catalytically into a wide range of products, including other value-added chemicals such as components for paints and plastic, synthetic fuels, as well as recyclable or biodegradable materials normally produced from fossil hydrocarbons. <br /><br />&quot;The project develops a biotechnological process in which industrial CO2 emissions, such as from cement production, is used to produce chemicals. Not only does it contribute to decreasing the emission of CO2. In doing so, it converts the CO2 into chemicals which would otherwise most likely be produced using fossil resources,&quot; explains Senior Researcher Matty Janssen at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg.<br /><br /></div> <div>Chalmers’ role in the project is to guide the process developers to make design choices for a more environmentally benign design. It will do so by bringing expertise and experience of doing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to the project. <br /><br /><span><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/matty_henrikke_600pix.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Henrikke Baumann och Matty Janssen" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:230px" /></span></span>&quot;Our activities will run throughout the project. We are currently recruiting a PhD student that will work on the environmental assessment, using LCA, of the process that is being developed – and for which an actual pilot plant will be built in this project. In particular, the doctoral student will work on further development of methods for prospective future-oriented LCA and on development of positive environmental impacts. Furthermore, my own background as a bioprocess engineer may be useful for our work, and for communicating with the process developers in the project,&quot; says Matty Janssen, who will lead the project at Chalmers together with Professor Henrikke Baumann.<br /><br /></div> <div>The overall aim of this 5-year project with a total budget of 44 million euros is to build and operate a facility capable of capturing 10,000 tonnes of industrial CO2 per year, an equivalent to the annual CO2 emissions from 2,200 cars, and use it to produce chemicals. The European Commission funds the PyroCO2 project with 40 million euros in support of the European Green Deal, the plan to make the EU's economy sustainable and climate-neutral by 2050.</div> <div><br />&quot;We are excited to finally start our ambitious work that aims to be a gamechanger for European carbon-intensive industries. These will be able to create valuable products from their CO2 emissions, meeting the need for a lower carbon footprint while maintaining their competitiveness and being a part of the solution for the climate,&quot; says Senior Research Scientist Alexander Wentzel at SINTEF, the Norwegian research institute that coordinates the project.<br /><br /></div> <div>The PyroCO2 factory will be located at the industrial cluster of Herøya Industrial Park in Porsgrunn, Norway, featuring several carbon-intensive industries. Here, the PyroCO2 process will benefit from close to 100% renewable electricity and complement ongoing large-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) efforts in Norway. Once successfully demonstrated, replication and further upscaling is envisioned throughout Europe and beyond.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text: Daniel Karlsson and via PyroCO2</em><br /><em>Photo: Shutterstock and Daniel Karlsson</em><br /></div> <div><em> </em></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">The project</h3> <ul><li>PyroCO2 is a 5-years Innovation Action project in support of the European Green Deal</li> <li>Aim: Design, build, and operate a production facility capable of demonstrating chemical production from close to 10,000 tonnes of industrial CO2 per year</li> <li>Project period: 1. Oct. 2021 to 30. Sep. 2026</li> <li>Budget: close to 44 million EUROS, of which 40 million euros funding from the European Commission. Chalmers receives 583,000 euros.</li> <li>Partners: SINTEF (coordinator, NO), SecondCircle (DK), Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DK), Arkema France (FR), Le Centre National De la Recherce Scientifique (FR), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (DE), Ciaotech SRL (IT), Axelera (FR), Firmenich SA (CH), NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS (NO), Herøya Industripark (NO), Chalmers tekniska högskola (SE), Bioprocess Technology (ES), Norner Research (NO), SCG Chemicals (TH), Johnson-Matthey PLC (UK), Ranido S.R.O. (CZ), NextChem SPA (IT), Ecoinnovazione SRL (IT), Vestfold og Telemark Fylkeskommune (NO)</li></ul> <div> </div>Mon, 15 Nov 2021 14:00:00 +0100 years of Management at Chalmers<p><b>​Half a century has passed since the doors opened to the subject of industrial management at Chalmers. To celebrate the occasion, Chalmers department of Technology Management and Economics hosted a top-level seminar that addressed the issue of how we can manage more sustainable futures. Prominent Chalmers alumni offered their perspectives on 19 November 2021.</b></p>​​Since Industrial Management became a subject at Chalmers around 50 years ago, Sweden has had a large global impact – Volvo safety solutions and AstraZeneca pharmaceuticals are just two examples that have saved millions of lives. Management today includes governance aspects, as well as entrepreneurship and realising more sustainable innovations. <br /> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;This seminar takes a long-term perspective in celebrating past achievements, while addressing emerging future developments. It brings together Chalmers alumni, students and faculties to increase our understanding of how we can manage a sustainable future in a better way,&quot; explains Professor Mats Lundqvist, F91, who coordinated the seminar as Vice Head of the Department of Technology Management and Economics. Mats has also been involved in starting Chalmers School of Entrepreneurship in 1997 and worked as its director. He wants to put more focus on the management topic, both in research and education at Chalmers.<br /><br /></div> <div><span><span><span><span class=" ms-rtestate-write ms-rtestate-write"><img alt="Holger Bohlin" src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/holger_750x340.jpg" style="border:0px solid" /></span></span></span></span><br /></div> <div><span><span class="FeaturedImageText"><em>​The pioneer, Professor Holger Bohlin<br /></em></span></span><br /></div> <div>A leading figure at Chalmers on these issues was <a href="/en/about-chalmers/academic-ceremonies/doctoral-conferment-ceremony/Pages/Holger-Bohlin.aspx">Professor Holger Bohlin</a>, who was born a hundred years ago in 1921. He came from the Stockholm School of Economics and in 1969 was appointed Professor of the Department of Industrial Management at Chalmers. In September 1983, Holger gave the welcome speech to the first 30 students on the new Industrial Engineering and Management program: &quot;We will create a symbiosis between technical science and economic know-how, so that you as human beings, will be able to take wise decisions on behalf of the company you are working for&quot;. In other words, a management-program. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Among the speakers at the seminar on 19 November there were five renowned managers with extensive experience around managing more sustainable futures. Together with management scholars, they gave their perspectives on the topic. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/50yearsManagement750pix.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><em>Speakers: Jesper Brodin, CEO Ingka Group | IKEA, I95, Anna Nilsson-Ehle, Chairman of Vinnova, SIQ and Lindholmen Science Park, F76, Gustaf Dalén medalist, Leif Johansson, Chairman of Astra-Zeneca, M77, Gustaf Dalén medalist and Anna Westerberg, President Volvo Buses, I00</em><br /><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/tme/calendar/Pages/50-years-of-Management-at-Chalmers.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about the seminar</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em><br />Text: <a href="">Avançons</a> no 2/2021</em><em>, adaptation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /><em>Photo: Daniel Karlsson, Chalmers and via the speakers</em><br /></div> Tue, 09 Nov 2021 14:00:00 +0100 startup for better batteries wins Stage Two<p><b>​The company Compular with its digital lab for material development won no less than four awards, one of which was the prestigious first prize &quot;Best tech innovation&quot; at Stage Two in Berlin. Stage Two is the first pan-European competition for startups from Europe's leading universities.</b></p><div>​Out of over 60 startups from 30 top-rated European universities – including London Business School and the University of St.Gallen – Compular was the clear winner, with Johannes Henriksson pitching.</div> <div> </div> <div>Compular won in the “Best tech innovation” category and received a €200,000 prize from Harvard Business School's business angel network in Germany, as well as support from Mckinsey, Microsoft, Early bird Ventures Uni-X, Join Capital and Superangel. </div> <div> </div> <div>Johannes Henriksson talks about the competition and the importance of the win:</div> <div>&quot;It was an incredibly exciting competition with prominent startups from all corners of Europe. We see this win as a fantastic proof that we are on the right path!&quot;</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Digital lab based on research from Chalmers</h3> <div>Compular, a portfolio company at <a href="" target="_blank">Chalmers Ventures</a>, is based on research from the Department of Physics at Chalmers University of Technology. Compular develops a digital lab for material development. Through Compular’s unique and patent-pending analysis method, chemical compounds can be screened in advance, making it both faster and cheaper to create better performing batteries with an environmentally friendly focus and longer service life.</div> <div><br />Rasmus Andersson and Fabian Årén developed the software during their doctoral studies in Patrik Johansson's research group at the Division of Material Physics. The research was then taken forward through <a href="/en/departments/tme/school-of-entrepreneurship/Pages/SchoolofEntreprenurship.aspx">Chalmers School of Entrepreneurship</a>, and by Chalmers Ventures Encubation program the idea was matched with students entering as entrepreneurs and business developers: Emil Krutmeijer, Sirikun Loetsakwiman and Johannes Henriksson.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Towards European launch</h3> <div>The company is now part of Chalmers Ventures' portfolio and aiming for the next step in the company's development. Johannes continues to talk about what happens next:</div> <div>&quot;We look forward to continuing with our ongoing beta test-program with paying customers and developing the product with leading battery companies to launch in Europe in 2022. The win allows us to strengthen the team and get even closer to our vision of digitalizing material development on a global scale!&quot;</div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text via Chalmers Ventures and Daniel Karlsson</em></div> <em> </em><div><em>Photo via Stage Two and Compular</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">Stage Two</a> is a pan-European project initiated and hosted by RWTH Aachen University and HHL Leipzig Graduate School of Management for a network of several entrepreneurial universities. Aachen is part of the cooperation <a href="/en/news/Pages/Chalmers-part-of-European-University-in-new-alliance.aspx">Enhance</a> together with Chalmers. </div> <div></div> <div> </div> Tue, 02 Nov 2021 16:00:00 +0100 center will accelerate industrial use of additive manufacturing<p><b>​Rise is opening up the Application Center for Additive Manufacturing with industrial and academic partners, among them Chalmers. &quot;This will strengthen and improve the infrastructure in additive manufacturing,&quot; says Professor Lars Nyborg, Chalmers.</b></p><span style="background-color:transparent"><div>Combining additive manufacturing or 3D printing with new sustainable materials allows for more flexible and resource-efficient production. But for companies to fully utilize the strength of the technology, support is needed in every step along the supply chain ranging from the development of new business models to product design and testing in a real production environment. Therefore, Rise is opening up the<b> Application Center for Additive Manufacturing</b> together with industrial and academic partners.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Additive manufacturing enables a paradigm shift for the industry and is relevant for many sectors such as aerospace, space, automotive, telecom, maritime, and consumer goods, to name a few. Some advantages are the mass customization enabling unique tailor-made components produced with minimal material waste and optimized for their weight. As a result, the global market for additive manufacturing is expected to continue to grow, and for metallic materials, the market will probably increase by a factor of two by 2025. Therefore, Sweden must continue to invest in additive manufacturing to strengthen its position in this rapidly growing market.</div> <div>&quot;By gathering end users, suppliers of services, technology, and materials with our researchers and experts at Rise, we enable for us to form a robust national ecosystem for additive manufacturing in Sweden,&quot; says <b>Seyed Hosseini</b>, Director of Application Center for Additive Manufacturing.</div> <div><br /></div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Strengthened and improved infrastructure</strong></p> <div><span></span><span style="background-color:transparent">Via Production Area of Advance, Chalmers hosts the <b><a href="/en/centres/cam2/Pages/default.aspx">Competence Centre for Additive Manufacture</a></b><b> – Metal (CAM2)</b>, focusing on powder, materials, and process development in metal additive manufacturing (AM). In addition, Chalmers co-operates closely with Rise in several projects in the area of AM.</span><br /><span style="background-color:transparent">&quot;The start of this new application center means that we will further enhance the ecosystem in additive manufacturing,&quot; says <b>Lars Nyborg</b>, Director for the <b>Chalmers Production Area of Advance</b>, and continues:</span><br /><span style="background-color:transparent">&quot;The cooperation will bring solutions along the whole technology readiness scale – from research and innovation to implementation and demonstration of solutions – as both centers work with several core industrial partners in the area of AM.&quot;</span><br /><span></span><span style="background-color:transparent">Lars Nyborg points out that the new center will also mean a s</span>trengthened<span style="background-color:initial"> and improved infrastructure in AM</span><span style="background-color:transparent">, concerning metals and polymers and new technologies with</span><span style="background-color:initial"> shared capabilities for </span><span style="background-color:transparent">researchers at Chalmers.</span></div></span><span style="background-color:transparent"><div><span style="background-color:transparent"></span></div></span><span style="background-color:transparent"> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Cooperation – a key to success</b></div> <div>In the center, the industrial partners will have access to the latest research carried out by the research partners, test and demonstrate different additive manufacturing technologies including their pre-, and post-operations, as well as access expertise and competence along the supply chain. To be successful in such an environment, collaboration, and cooperation between all partners in the Center is vital as each partner has unique competence and experience. The center creates an independent and open environment for such collaboration to take place in Sweden. </div> <div>&quot;The center is a good example of how we gather expertise along the entire value chain and create a way to accelerate digital development in the Swedish industry. Additive manufacturing has great potential and now RISE can boost this transformation in taking important steps forward,&quot; says <b>Pia Sandvik</b>, CEO at <b>Rise</b>.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Strong support from industrial partners</b></div> <div>15 partners are onboard from the start. The target group for the center is manufacturing companies, both large and small and medium-sized, but also suppliers of materials, software, and equipment for additive manufacturing. The partnership provides the opportunity to take full advantage of the skills and infrastructure that exist and as a partner, you also contribute to the center. With the help of the center, the threshold to test and evaluate the technology can be reduced.</div> <div>&quot;To be successful in additive manufacturing, you have to take care of the entire process, from equipment, printing process, finishing processes to quality assurance of the components. These are issues that need to be addressed, and we cannot do it ourselves. Still, cooperation between several parties is required,&quot; says <b>Vladimir Navrotsky</b>, Vice President Technology and Innovation, <b>Siemens Energy</b>.</div> <div>&quot;I hope that the results of the evaluations we do within the center will lead us to be mature in making our own decisions about which processes we will roll out in different operations and that we get a good decision basis for our strategy going forward,&quot; says <b>Johan Svenningstorp</b>, Director Research and Technology Development Truck Operations, <b>Volvo Group</b>.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Facts</strong></div> <div>The Application center for additive manufacturing is run by Rise together with the centre's 15 partners: AddUp, Alfa Laval, Chalmers, Digital Metal,, Ericsson, Höganäs, Materialise, Modul-System HH, Nikon Metrology Europe, RENA Technologies Austria, Ringhals (Vattenfall), Siemens Energy, Volvo Cars, Volvo Group and through support from the Västra Götaland region, Vinnova and European Regional Development Fond. It is physically located at Rise in Mölndal but uses the entire research institute's expertise and knowledge. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>More about the center and contact:</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Contacts:</strong></div> <div><strong> </strong></div> <div><strong>Chalmers</strong></div> <div><a href="">Lars Nyborg</a>, Director, Chalmers Production Area of Advance, +46 31 772 12 57</div> <div><a href="">Eduard Hryha</a>, Director, Competence Centre for Additive Manufacture – Metal (CAM2)<span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700"></span></div></span><span style="background-color:transparent"> <div><b><br /></b></div> <div><b>Rise</b></div> <div><a href="">Seyed Hosseini</a>, Director of Application Center for Additive Manufacturing, Rise, <span style="background-color:transparent">+46 70 780 61 69</span></div> <div><span></span><a href="" target="_blank" title="Link Rise web">More about the center </a><br /></div></span><div> </div> ​​Fri, 22 Oct 2021 11:00:00 +0200 fit important for retail and environment<p><b>​The provision of experience goods online, such as clothing and footwear, poses managerial challenges for retail supply chains. They need to cope with unnecessary product handling, excess inventory, and additional costs due to customers not knowing the fit of a product before purchase. In her doctoral thesis, Emmelie Gustafsson investigates the effects of and technologies to reduce 'fit uncertainty'.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​What challenges do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div>&quot;Efficiently providing fitting products to customers is a costly process requiring inventory management and customer service. Retail supply chains face trade-offs between cost efficiency and responsiveness in terms of customers' willingness to wait for a product (a delivery lead time constraint), retailers’ ability to stock variety (an inventory-holding constraint), and manufacturers’ ability to responsively supply variety (a production-capacity constraint).&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem with your research? </h3> <div>&quot;To solve, or bypass, these trade-offs, the doctoral thesis applies fit uncertainty-reducing product fitting and recommendation technologies that aim to communicate product fit characteristics so as to support customers in decision-making and final product selection of goods with high fit uncertainty.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings of your research? </h3> <div>&quot;The main findings of the thesis are quantification of customer order-placing and -returning behaviours as direct effects of fit uncertainty that disrupt product flow in retail supply chains, carrying negative supply chain effects and causing increases in the following costs: returns handling costs, tied-up capital, inventory holding costs, transportation costs, and order-picking costs. Fit uncertainty-reducing technologies can be used to clearly streamline fit information from retailers to supply chain management functions, including such information as how sales are lost and won on the store floor, thereby enabling better inventory management and assortment planning.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div>&quot;I hope that my research results will lead to more sustainable retail supply chain operations that benefit both the end-customers and the supply chains. Especially through more sales, less obsolescence (such as a product that goes out of fashion), and fewer returns. Studying the link between fit uncertainty and retail supply chain performance is important for retailers and manufacturers’ understanding of end-customer behaviour and for improving product development and assortment planning to ensure availability of products that fit.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div><br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Read the thesis <a href="" target="_blank">&quot;On fit uncertainty-reducing interventions in retail supply chains&quot;</a><br /><br /></div> <div>The author will defend the thesis on 18 October 2021 at 13.15, see link on <a href="" target="_blank">thesis' page</a> (pwd: 552016)<br /></div> <div><br />More about <a href="/en/staff/Pages/emmgust.aspx">Emmelie Gustafsson</a></div> <div><br /></div>Thu, 14 Oct 2021 11:00:00 +0200 automated fact-checkers clean up the mess?<p><b>​The dream of free dissemination of knowledge seems to be stranded in fake news and digital echo chambers. Even basic facts seem hard to be agreed upon. So is there hope in the battle to clean up this mess?  </b></p>​Yes! Many efforts are made within the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) research area to find solutions. Learn more about it at our <span style="background-color:initial">seminar, focusing on automated fact-checking, both in research and practice.</span><div><div><br /></div> <div><b>DATE: </b>18 November 2021 (The date has already passed, but see the film from the seminar, link below)</div> <div><b>TIME: </b>09:45–12:00 CET</div> <div><b style="background-color:initial">LOCATION:</b><span style="background-color:initial"> Online or at Lingsalen, Studenternas Hus, Götabergsgatan 17 </span><span style="background-color:initial">​(Registration link below</span><span style="background-color:initial">). </span><br /></div> <div><em>Note! The physical seminar is only for students and staff at Chalmers and University of Gothenburg.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><a href="" target="_blank" title="link to Youtube"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />SEE THE FILM FROM THE SEMINAR​</a></div> <span style="background-color:initial"></span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div><div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">AGENDA​</h3> <div><div></div> <div><div><b>09:45 Introduction </b></div> <div><b>Erik Ström</b>, Director, Information and Communications Technology Area of Advance</div> <div><b>10:00 Looking for the truth in the post-truth era</b></div> <div><b>Ivan Koychev,</b> University of Sofia, Bulgaria. He gives a brief overview of automatically finding the claims and facts in texts along with confirmation or refutation.</div> <div><b>10:30 Computational Fact-Checking for Textual Claims</b></div> <div><b>Paolo Papotti,</b> Associate Professor, EURECOM, France. He will cover the opportunities and limitations of computational fact-checking and its role in fighting misinformation. He will also give examples from the &quot;infodemic&quot; associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.</div> <div><b>11:00 Pause</b></div> <div><b>11:10 Panel discussion. </b></div> <div><b>In the panel:</b></div> <div>Moderator <b>Graham Kemp</b>, professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers. </div> <div><b>Sheila Galt</b>, retired professor of Applied Electromagnetics, Chalmers. Engaged researcher in the Swedish Skeptics Association (Vetenskap och Folkbildning, VoF) for many years.</div> <div><b>Bengt Johansson</b>, professor in Journalism, University of Gothenburg. He has a strong focus on the field of media, power, and democracy. </div> <div><b>Jenny Wiik</b>, researcher and project leader for Media &amp; Democracy. Her research is looking into, e.g., automation of journalism. </div> <div>The keynotes, <b>Ivan Koychev</b> and <b>Paolo Papotti </b>are also part of the discussion.</div> <div><b>12:00 The end​</b></div></div> <div><b><br /></b></div> <div></div></div> <div><em>Chalmers ICT Area of Advance arranges this event as part of the Act Sustainable week.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="" target="_blank" title="link to the Act Sustainable website"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more and register</a> (at theAct Sustainable website)</div> <div><a href="" target="_blank" title="link to the Act Sustainable website"></a><a href="" target="_blank" title="Link to start page Act Sustainable website"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about the Act Sustainable week​</a>​<br /></div></div></div> <div><br /></div></div></div></div> ​Fri, 01 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 entrepreneurial stereotypes through education<p><b>​The popular stereotype of entrepreneurs such as Steve Jobs or Elon Musk is of heroic individuals battling alone against the odds. These stereotypes are strongly embedded, but they are limiting, incorrectly framing entrepreneurship as attainable only through unique talent and exceptional skill. Recently published research from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, highlight how introducing questions of identity into entrepreneurial education can help break down these limitations and yield greater diversity in the field.</b></p><div>​&quot;Our research sheds light on the ongoing challenges associated with the prevailing stereotypes in entrepreneurship and its education. Addressing this issue is important for students and educators alike – to raise awareness of how easy it is to overemphasise the common examples of 'Steve Jobs' or 'Elon Musk', and how restricting these examples can be&quot; explains Chalmers researcher Karen Williams-Middleton, who recently published the scientific article <a href="" target="_blank">'The relatable entrepreneur: Combating stereotypes in entrepreneurship education'</a> in the scientific journal Industry and Higher Education, together with Stephanie E Raible at the University of Delaware.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Stereotypes are prominent in entrepreneurship – and therefore entrepreneurial education – and brought into the classroom by both students and educators. They can be a significant limiting factor towards imagining oneself 'becoming entrepreneurial'. Entrepreneurship educators should therefore aim to provide more and varied examples of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial individuals. Key to this is training students how to practice 'identity management' – understanding and managing other identities they might aspire to, to learn how to 'filter' various social media and environmental influences for themselves,&quot; says Karen Williams-Middleton.</div> <div> </div> <div>Entrepreneurship is often stereotyped as attainable only through exceptional skill and talent, and often characterised exclusively by ostensibly 'masculine' qualities. The article raises discussion of stereotyping in entrepreneurship education, by using the stories of two current female entrepreneurs who themselves struggle with the issue. The two candidates were selected for the mixture of similarities and differences they shared, and because, importantly, both had only recently entered into entrepreneurship. Some of the factors investigated included whether they had co-founders, if they had children, if they received financial support from their spouse, and whether they themselves actually identified as entrepreneurs, or 'small business owners'. </div> <div><img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/nyheter/PublishingImages/karen_w_m_350x305.jpg" alt="Karen Williams-Middleton" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px;width:200px;height:174px" /><br />&quot;The stories’ similarities and differences mirror the different perspectives and reactions to social media and other environmental inputs that students may experience themselves, thereby opening up for reflection and discussion. Identity management as an important tool in entrepreneurship pedagogy has previously received only limited research attention,&quot; says Karen Williams-Middleton. </div> <div> </div> <div>She continues, &quot;the important thing is to be aware of stereotype use; and then to address it. Try to use a spectrum of examples and engage students in discussion about stereotypes and perceptions. It is surprising how easy and quickly we all fall into different stereotypical perspectives. We should – and do – know better, but it still happens, perhaps because of the lack of familiarity beyond the big names that are reified constantly in the media.&quot; </div> <div> </div> <div><em>Text: Daniel Karlsson and Joshua Worth</em></div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">More on the research:</h2> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div>The paper <a href="" target="_blank">&quot;The relatable entrepreneur: Combating stereotypes in entrepreneurship education&quot;</a> in scientific journal Industry and Higher Education is written by Stephanie E Raible, University of Delaware and Karen Williams-Middleton, Chalmers University of Technology. </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>For more information, please contact:</strong></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/karen-williams.aspx">Karen Williams-Middleton</a>, Associate Professor, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology</div> <div><a href="mailto:"></a></div> <div>+46 31 772 1913</div>Thu, 23 Sep 2021 08:00:00 +0200 in relationships crucial for efficient and sustainable transports<p><b>​Transporting goods between buyers and suppliers is vital, but different actors have different performance interests, creating contradictions and misalignments. In his doctoral thesis, Victor Eriksson explores how transport services are embedded in larger network structures, the interdependencies involved, and the consequences of firms’ organising efforts in obtaining various performance benefits.</b></p><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​What challenges do you focus on in your research?</h3> <div>&quot;The starting point in my research is that any exchange of industrial goods between a supplier and a buyer of goods necessitates transport. The transport is often performed by a third party who sells this service to either the buyer or supplier of goods. Transport impacts to environment immensely and is a highly discussed topic for firms and governments alike.&quot;</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;With increased demand and growth of transport in general but freight transport in particular, a transport revolution is needed to reach the agreed goals of, e.g., reduce greenhouse gas emissions and lessen the overall environmental impact regarding transport set by firms and governments. When considering the challenges ahead concerning sustainability in the transport sector, the relationships connecting the actors involved in transport services, directly or indirectly, are essential to understanding structures, processes, and interactions among the actors embedded in networks. For example, changes to the services in one part of the network may drive changes elsewhere in the network. Therefore, it is of prime importance how to organise transport and adjacent activities and resources in networks.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">How do you address the problem with your research?</h3> <div>&quot;The exchange of transport services depends on the exchange of goods since the exchange of goods generates demand for transport services. I introduce a construct called the transport service triad. The transport service triad involves three firms that have one of the following four generic roles: the buyer of goods, the supplier of goods, the buyer of transport services, and the supplier of transport services. The transport service triad is used to explore connections among business relationships involved in the exchange of goods and the exchange of transport services. The transport service triad, as it includes three actors, offers a greater explanatory power compared to a single actor’s perspective or a dyadic perspective on the organisation of transport services because such a perspective can capture interdependencies in various dimensions in business relationships, connections between business relationships, and how and why firms and relationships are embedded.&quot; </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What are the main findings of your research? </h3> <div>&quot;The results show how triads in general, and the transport service triad in particular, are critical units of analysis to understand how business relationships are connected in supply networks. I propose a model for analysing connected relationships and the implications thereof considering the activities, resources, and actors. The results highlight the importance of considering both relational and structural embeddedness and the duality of the transport service triad as an important structure in itself and as a part of the broader network, accentuating interdependencies of activities, resources, and actors.&quot;<br /> <br /></div> <div>&quot;This thesis shows that a network-level analysis is imperative to address the organising of transport services and transport performance by focusing on how business relationships within one transport service triad are connected to the other actors in the triad but also these actors’ connections to firms outside the triad and how firms subsequently organise because of those connections. For that reason, the research suggests suppliers and buyers of goods and transport services, transport service providers, and other connected actors to jointly coordinate the transport services efficiency of vehicle maintenance, vehicle utilisation, and road transport.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">What do you hope your research will lead to?</h3> <div>&quot;I hope that the results will facilitate further exploration of how firms are connected in networks that may capture network aspects of the transformation to sustainable transport solutions in which different kinds of system descriptions are needed that supplement each other. The results of my research point to that the interaction and exchange of perspectives of firms are crucial when managers strive to both change the way transport is organised and enhance the transport performance of firms. I also hope that my research sparks new thinking about transport as a highly integrated part of networks, thereby moving away from a general idea of considering transport merely as a support function to the exchange of goods.&quot; </div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /><em>Text compilation: Daniel Karlsson</em><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Read the thesis <a href="">&quot;Transport service triads in supply networks&quot; <br /></a> </div> <div><br />The thesis defence will be online on Zoom, 24 September 2021 at 13.15, see link on <a href="">thesis’ page</a></div> <div><br /> </div> <div>More about <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/vicerik.aspx">Victor Eriksson</a></div>Mon, 20 Sep 2021 15:00:00 +0200 in focus for the new Director for Energy Area of Advance<p><b>​Tomas Kåberger is the new Director of Chalmers Energy Area of Advance. He took office on 1 September.– It feels so good to hand over to Tomas, he has the knowledge, experience and network in the society and industry to pursue strategic sustainability issues that benefit societal development, says Maria Grahn who is now leaving the assignment.</b></p>​<img src="/sv/styrkeomraden/energi/PublishingImages/Tomas_Kåberger_4_Highrez.jpg" alt="Tomas Kåberger" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" style="margin:5px 10px;width:350px;height:337px" /><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Tomas Kåberger's</strong> hallmark is to drive change from different platforms. So what does the vision look like when you now take on this task?</span><div>– The world's energy supply is developing rapidly and research results and new technology are valuable. Chalmers’ researchers have a lot to offer and I want to help in making this knowledge useful, says Tomas Kåberger, who is reinstated professor of Industrial Energy Policy at Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><br /></div> <div>Tomas left his professorship at Chalmers three years ago, to work with energy technology innovations and industrial development together with InnoEnergy, which is part of the EIT, European Institute of Innovation and Technology. He has also until recently been a member of the Swedish Government's Climate Policy Council and will continue as chairman of the Renewable Energy Institute in Tokyo and board member of Vattenfall.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>– The key word during my years </strong>as Director for Chalmers Energy Area of Advance has been collaboration and achieving exciting strategic collaborations together with academia, authorities and industry, says Maria Grahn, associate professor at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.</div> <div>For research on complex systems, the term wicked sustainability problems is sometimes used. One example is the transition into sustainable energy and transport systems.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/sv/styrkeomraden/energi/nyheter/PublishingImages/Maria_G.jpg" alt="Maria Grahn" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px" />– Now, for example, electric cars are part of the solution, but as soon as you introduce electric cars, you have to deal with new challenges - you have to think about cobalt and lithium with all that entails regarding resource constraints and other risks such as child labor. But there is no actor who can solve a wicked problem on his own. So we have to take on the challenge from a larger perspective so that we really create a sustainable society and achieve the UN's sustainability goals, says Maria Grahn.</div> <div>During her time as Director for the Energy area, she introduced a special track for collaborative projects, where researchers can apply for funding where they take on a challenge based issue from at least two different aspects to find as sustainable solutions as possible.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>The IPCC's latest report,</strong> Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis, is the sharpest to date, with the same message as previous reports but now with even larger letters and with even more consensus among the researchers. In media reporting, one hears that much must change, not just the energy system, but everything from what we consume, to how it is produced. Here you have to be wise strategically and have a long-term focus.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>How do you see the role of Chalmers University of Technology and the Areas of Advance in contributing to this transition?</strong></div> <div>– Yes, the threat levels look worse. But at the same time, the technical solutions have become better and economically competitive. Now it is more about quickly putting the new technology into use and developing the industry in Sweden and Europe to enable global economic prosperity. Now it is more important and more fun to engage in energy technologies than it has been in 100 years, says Tomas Kåberger.</div> <div>Tomas is constantly moving between academia, authorities, environmental organizations, and companies, and they are also the ones who gather at our seminars.</div> <div>– Here, he points out, that Chalmers Areas of Advance has, in organized collaborations with companies at open seminars, managed to establish an arena that attracts participants from Chalmers and society. With these contacts with the outside world, Chalmers also contributes to the formation of new constellations of researchers to handle research tasks that are relevant to the outside world.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What do you especially want to highlight?</strong></div> <div>– After the pandemic year, I hope that we will be able to have more creative meetings both internally and externally, and that the combination of real meetings and all the communication methods we have now learned will give us even more international exchange.</div> <div>Tomas Kåberger wants to contribute with efficient internal processes and focus on getting results in use.</div> <div>– It will be inspiring to, together with talented Chalmers researchers, contribute to the industrial development of western Sweden, Sweden and Europe, he concludes.<br /><br /><b>Related:<br /></b><span></span><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Renewable Energy Institute, Japan</a><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Vattenfall</a><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Swedish Climate Policy Council</a><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />InnoEnergy</a><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Tomas Kåberger – Wiki​</a><br /><br /><br />Photo: Christian Löwhagen<br />Text: Ann-Christine Nordin</div> <div><br /></div> ​Thu, 09 Sep 2021 10:15:00 +0200