News: Space, Earth and Environment, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Energi och miljöhttp://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterNews related to Chalmers University of TechnologySun, 23 Jan 2022 21:36:50 +0100http://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/Research-reveals-the-positives-of-working-less.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/Research-reveals-the-positives-of-working-less.aspxResearch reveals the positives of working less<p><b>​New research from Swedish universities reveals some unexpected findings around working shorter hours. In 2015 the city authority of Gothenburg, Sweden, took the unique decision to extend the right to part-time working to all employees, for any reason. The move has now been analysed in a new research project that reveals how the change led to benefits for employees – but also for managers.  </b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The new sustainability analysis of shorter working hours builds upon a survey of 1000 Gothenburg city employees who had a full-time contract, but who had chosen the option of reduced working hours, despite the  reduced salary. Previous to 2015, only students or parents of young children had the statutory right to do so. </span><div><br /><div>Though some participants did report stress related to financial worries, overall, the vast majority who reduced their working hours experienced increased well-being with a better work-life balance and improved health. The research project also looked at managers' experiences of having employees working part-time and found that they were in general very positive.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/Jörgen-Larsson-220117-220.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:190px;height:225px" />“We were surprised that managers viewed part-time work so positively as well. Essentially, their view was that what was good for the employee was also good for the organisation,” says Jörgen Larsson, researcher at Chalmers University of Technology, who led the multidisciplinary research project between Chalmers, the University of Gothenburg and KTH Royal Institute of Technology. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Among the benefits identified were reduced risk of sick leave and better retention of employees. These advantages were perceived as more obvious than the disadvantages in the form of difficulties with staffing and finding times for collaborative work and meetings. <span style="background-color:initial">One of the key aims of the project was to look at what motivated people to choose reduced hours.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The most common reason was simply that the full-time job was too mentally or physically demanding. Many have such demanding jobs, and sometimes also  poor health, that they feel they must reduce their hours. In order to deal with this form of involuntary part-time work, it is important that the work environment is generally improved and that the requirements are individually adapted,” says Jörgen Larsson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Some of those who reduced their hours wanted better ‘time autonomy’, meaning more freedom to shape  their everyday life, such as spending more time with family, friends and hobbies, but these purely voluntary part-time motives were less common. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The study sheds new light on ideas for sustainable living in the modern era, including from an environmental perspective. The researchers note, for example, how shorter working hours can even increase the opportunities to adopt sustainable habits such as shopping for second-hand items or sharing goods. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>  “The 40-hour working week in Sweden, which was established as the standard working hours 50 years ago, is deeply rooted in our society. Choosing to work less is viewed upon as a norm-breaking behaviour. But this study offers another perspective,” says Jörgen Larsson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><a href="https://gupea.ub.gu.se/bitstream/2077/70071/1/gupea_2077_70071_1.pdf">The new report can be downloaded here (only available in Swedish)</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Read more about the research project in a previous scientific article in Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology: <span style="background-color:initial">“</span><a href="https://www.sjwop.com/articles/10.16993/sjwop.92/">Choosing to Work Part-Time – Combinations of Motives and the Role of Preferences and Constraints</a><span style="background-color:initial">”.  </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial;font-family:inherit;color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-size:16px;font-weight:600"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial;font-family:inherit;color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-size:16px;font-weight:600">​</span><span style="background-color:initial;font-family:inherit;color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-size:16px;font-weight:600">For more information, contact</span></div></div></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/jorgen-larsson.aspx">Jörgen Larsson</a><span style="background-color:initial">, Associate Professor and researcher in sustainable consumption, Department of  Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Photos: Sara Larsson / Chalmers</span></div> <div><br /></div>Tue, 18 Jan 2022 07:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/Shows-the-way-for-Swedens-climate-transition.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/Shows-the-way-for-Swedens-climate-transition.aspxShows the way for Sweden's climate transition<p><b>​By 2045, Sweden will have net-zero emissions. The technology needed to get there is well known and the cost is often marginal at the consumer level. Still, the transition is far too slow. On 3 January, the research program Mistra Carbon Exit released a report with important lessons that need to be considered if we are to accelerate climate action and ensure that change reaches all parts of society.</b></p>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Profilbilder/Filip_Johnsson_170.jpg" alt="Filip Johnsson" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" style="margin:5px" />–<span style="background-color:initial"> The decisions and measures taken during this decade will be of crucial importance if Sweden is to have a chance of achieving net zero emissions by 2045. The whole society needs to be involved in the adjustment work, in all sectors and at all levels, including companies, municipalities and consumers, says Filip Johnsson, Vice Program Director for Mistra Carbon Exit and Professor at Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><br /></span><div><strong>The report</strong> <em>Accelerating the Climate Transition - Mistra Carbon Exit Key Messages, describes</em> how Sweden can achieve the goal of net zero emissions by 2045, from technical possibilities and challenges to how behaviors, regulation and policy instruments affect the transition.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>– We know what technology is needed for Sweden to reach net zero emissions by 2045. We also see that the costs of taking away emissions can be high at the producer level, but in the consumer level in most cases marginal. The challenge lies above all in the fact that it is still too cheap to emit carbon dioxide, says Lars Zetterberg, Program Director for Mistra Carbon Exit and researcher at IVL Swedish Environmental Institute.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><img src="/sv/styrkeomraden/energi/nyheter/PublishingImages/Lars-Zetterberg_mistra_00268-(1)_.jpg" alt="Lars Zetterberg IVL" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" style="margin:5px" />Th</span><span style="background-color:initial">e report also addresses how climate change risks having a negative impact on other sustainability goals, such as biodiversity and job opportunities.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>– Some jobs may disappear, and it can affect different sparsely populated areas and urban areas. But the change will also mean several opportunities, such as improved air quality and the creation of new jobs, which is already noticeable in northern Sweden with investments in battery factories and low-carbon steel, says Lars Zetterberg.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The report provides examples of several advances in climate work. The costs for wind and solar power have fallen dramatically, sales of electric vehicles are increasing faster than expected and the willingness to participate in the conversion is great, both among companies and citizens.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>– There is no lack of will to innovate and initiative. But if we are to be able to reduce emissions quickly enough to achieve the climate goals, the work must accelerate further, says Filip Johnsson, Deputy Program Manager for Mistra Carbon Exit and Professor at Chalmers University of Technology.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>- The decisions and measures taken during this decade will be of crucial importance if Sweden is to have a chance of achieving net zero emissions by 2045. The whole society needs to be involved in the change process, in all sectors and at all levels, including companies, municipalities and consumers, says Filip Johnsson​.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Download the report:</strong> <a href="https://www.ivl.se/download/18.bd623ec17df7e3707b31e4/1641044446755/MistraCarbonExit_Messages_23nov_small.pdf">Accelerating the Climate Transition - Key Messages from Mistra Carbon Exit Pdf, 6 MB.</a><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Related:<br /><a href="https://www.ivl.se/"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />IVL</a><br /></strong><a href="https://www.mistracarbonexit.com/"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Mistra Carbon Exit<br /><span style="color:rgb(0, 0, 0);font-weight:300">​</span><br />​</a><br /></div> Tue, 04 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/Stars-secret-embraces-revealed-by-ALMA.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/Stars-secret-embraces-revealed-by-ALMA.aspxStars' secret embraces revealed by Alma<p><b>​Unlike our Sun, most stars live with a companion. Sometimes, two come so close that one engulfs the other - with far-reaching consequences. When a Chalmers-led team of astronomers used the telescope Alma to study 15 unusual stars, they were surprised to find that they all recently underwent this phase. The discovery promises new insight on the sky's most dramatic phenomena – and on life, death and rebirth among the stars.​</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Using the gigantic telescope Alma in Chile, a Chalmers-led team of scientists studied 15 unusual stars in our galaxy, the Milky Way, the closest 5000 light years from Earth. Their measurements show that all the stars are double, and all have recently experienced a rare phase that is poorly understood, but is believed to lead to many other astronomical phenomena. Their results are published this week in the scientific journal Nature Astronomy.</span><div><br /></div> <div>By directing the antennas of Alma towards each star and measuring light from different molecules in close to each star, the researchers hoped to find clues to their backstories. Nicknamed “water fountains”, these stars were known to astronomers because of intense light from water molecules – produced by unusually dense and fast-moving gas.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Located 5000 m above sea level in Chile, the Alma is sensitive to light with wavelengths around one millimetre, invisible to human eyes, but ideal for looking through the Milky Way’s layers of dusty interstellar clouds towards dust-enshrouded stars.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;We were extra curious about these stars because they seem to be blowing out quantities of dust and gas into space, some in the form of jets with speeds up to 1.8 million kilometres per hour. We thought we might find clues to how the jets were being created, but instead we found much more than that&quot;, says Theo Khouri, first author of the new study.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Stars losing up to half their total mass</strong><br /></div> <strong> </strong><div>The scientists used the telescope to measure signatures of carbon monoxide molecules, CO, in the light from the stars, and compared signals from different atoms (isotopes) of carbon and oxygen. Unlike its sister molecule carbon dioxide, CO2, carbon monoxide is relatively easy to discover in space, and is a favourite tool for astronomers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;Thanks to Alma's exquisite sensitivity, we were able to detect the very faint signals from several different molecules in the gas ejected by these stars. When we looked closely at the data, we saw details that we really weren't expecting to see&quot;, says Theo Khouri.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The observations confirmed that the stars were all blowing off their outer layers. But the proportions of the different oxygen atoms in the molecules indicated that the stars were in another respect not as extreme as they had seemed, explains team member Wouter Vlemmings, astronomer at Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;We realised that these stars started their lives with the same mass as the Sun, or only a few times more. Now our measurements showed that they have ejected up to 50% of their total mass, just in the last few hundred years. Something really dramatic must have happened to them&quot;, he says.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/WaterFountains_DanielleFutselaar_72dpi_340x340.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><span style="background-color:initial">Why were such small stars losing so much mass so quickly? The evidence all pointed to one explanation, the scientists concluded. These were all double stars, and they had all just been through a phase in which the two stars shared the same atmosphere - one star entirely embraced by the other. </span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;In this phase, the two stars orbit together in a sort of cocoon. This phase, we call it a &quot;common envelope” phase, is really brief, and only lasts a few hundred years. In astronomical terms, it’s over in the blink of an eye&quot;, says team member Daniel Tafoya.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Most stars in binary systems simply orbit around a common centre of mass. These stars, however, share the same atmosphere. It can be a life-changing experience for a star, and may even lead to the stars merging completely. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Clues to the future</strong></div> <div>Scientists believe that this sort of intimate episode can lead to some of the sky's most spectacular phenomena. Understanding how it happens could help answer some of astronomers' biggest questions about how stars live and die, Theo Khouri explains.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;What happens to cause a supernova explosion? How do black holes get close enough to collide? What makes the beautiful and symmetric objects we call planetary nebulae? Astronomers have suspected for many years that common envelopes are part of the answers to questions like these. Now we have a new way of studying this momentous but mysterious phase&quot;, he says.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Understanding the common envelope phase will also help scientists study what will happen in the very distant future, when the Sun too will become a bigger, cooler star – a red giant – and engulf the innermost planets.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Our research will help us understand how that might happen, but it gives me another, more hopeful perspective. When these stars embrace, they send dust and gas out into space that can become the ingredients for coming generations of stars and planets, and with them the potential for new life”, says Daniel Tafoya.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/W43A_72dpi_340x340.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /></div> <div>Since the 15 stars seem to be evolving on a human timescale, the team plan to keep monitoring them with Alma and with other radio telescopes. With the future telescopes of the SKA Observatory, they hope to study how the stars form their jets and change their surroundings. They also hope to find more – if there are any.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Actually, we think the known &quot;water fountains” could be almost all the systems of their kind in the whole of our galaxy. If that's true, then these stars really are the key to understanding the strangest, most wonderful and most important process that two stars can experience in their lives together&quot;, concludes Theo Khouri.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://www.almaobservatory.org/es/comunicados-de-prensa/los-abrazos-secretos-de-las-estrellas-revelados-por-alma/">Press release in Spanish from ALMA Observatory</a></div> <div><a href="https://www.csic.es/es/actualidad-del-csic/un-estudio-desvela-la-dramatica-interaccion-de-las-estrellas-dobles">Press release in Spanish from CSIC (Spain)​</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Images</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>A (top) - A pair of stars at the start of a common envelope phase. In this artist's impression, we get a view from very close to a binary system in which two stars have just started to share the same atmosphere. The bigger star, a red giant star, has provided a huge, cool, atmosphere which only just holds together. The smaller star orbits ever faster round the stars' centre of mass, spinning on its own axis and interacting in dramatic fashion with its new surroundings. the interaction creates powerful jets that throw out gas from its poles, and a slower-moving ring of material at its equator.</em></div> <em> </em><div><em style="background-color:initial">Image credit: Danielle Futselaar, <a href="http://www.artsource.nl/">artsource.nl​</a></em><br /></div> <div><em style="background-color:initial"><a href="https://chalmersuniversity.box.com/s/m41kle2xxckyl2jusg9ggz097m6qpu1r">Link to high-resolution image (TIFF)​</a></em><br /></div> <em> </em><div><br /></div> <em> </em><div><span style="background-color:initial"><em>B – Alma’s image of water-fountain star system W43A, which lies about 7000 light years from Earth in the constellation Aquila, the Eagle. The double star at its centre is much too small to be resolved in this image. However, Alma’s measurements show the stars’ interaction has changed its immediate environment. The two jets ejected from the central stars are seen in blue (approaching us) and red (receding). Dusty clouds entrained by the jets are shown in pink.</em></span></div> <em> </em><div><em>Credit: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO), D. Tafoya et al.</em></div> <div><em><a href="https://chalmersuniversity.box.com/s/ba7ivdj7eqwugqz0kdhxx0dvdfhmqzop">Link to high-resolution image (JPEG)</a></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>More about the research, and about Alma</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The research is published in the paper “Observational identification of a sample of likely recent Common-Envelope Events” in <a href="https://www.nature.com/natastron/">Nature Astronomy</a>, by Theo Khouri (Chalmers), Wouter H. T. Vlemmings (Chalmers), Daniel Tafoya (Chalmers), Andrés F. Pérez-Sánchez (Leiden University, Netherlands), Carmen Sánchez Contreras (Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), Spain), José F. Gómez (Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, Spain), Hiroshi Imai (Kagoshima University, Japan) and Raghvendra Sahai (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, USA).</div> <div><br /></div> <div><div>Link to science paper at Nature Astronomy: <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/s41550-021-01528-4">https://www.nature.com/articles/s41550-021-01528-4​</a><span></span><span></span></div> <div>Shareable link to the science paper: <a href="https://rdcu.be/cDlX8">https://rdcu.be/cDlX8</a></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Alma (Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array) is an international astronomy facility is a partnership of ESO, the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS) of Japan in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. ALMA is funded by ESO on behalf of its Member States, by NSF in cooperation with the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) and the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) and by NINS in cooperation with the Academia Sinica (AS) in Taiwan and the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI). </div> <div>Chalmers and Onsala Space Observatory have been involved in Alma since its inception; receivers for the telescope are one of many contributions. Onsala Space Observatory is host to the Nordic Alma Regional Centre, which provides technical expertise to the Alma project and supports astronomers in the Nordic countries in using Alma.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Contacts</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Robert Cumming, communications officer, Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers, +46 31 772 5500, +46 70 49 33 114, robert.cumming@chalmers.se</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Theo Khouri, astronomer, Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers, +46 760 958023, theo.khouri@chalmers.se</div> ​Thu, 16 Dec 2021 17:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/ict/news/Pages/Call-for-hosting-a-WASP-distinguished-guest-professor-.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/ict/news/Pages/Call-for-hosting-a-WASP-distinguished-guest-professor-.aspx​Call for a proposal – hosting a WASP distinguished guest professor <p><b>​WASP is announcing funding for guest professors for a period of two years, expecting to stay at the host university approximately six months per year. The areas are: autonomous systems, software, AI/MLX and AI/math.​</b></p><div><b style="background-color:initial"><br /></b></div> <div><b style="background-color:initial">Deadline: Jan 15, 2022</b><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>In total, <b>two positions will be founded</b>, and the WASP university partners can apply. The funding is valid for <b>all WASP areas</b> (autonomous systems, software, AI/MLX and AI/math).</div> <div>The main ranking criterium is the applicant's excellence, the probability of the realization, and finally, the program/aim of the visit. WASP also welcomes a combination with other initiatives or/and involvement of Swedish industry. </div> <div>Financial conditions are flexible and will match the levels of top-level researchers.  </div> <div>WASP is expecting to get the proposals during Q4 2021. Internal Chalmers deadline is Dec 20. A university can propose several candidates. </div> <div>During Q1 or Q2 2022, WASP will approve in total two proposals. A strict policy of gender balance (50/50) will be followed. </div> <div><b>The expected start of the visit</b> is Q3/Q4 2022, or Q1 2023. </div> <div><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Proposal Submission</h3> <div>Send a proposal to <b>Chalmers WASP</b> <b>representative</b> to <a href="mailto:ivica.crnkovic@chalmers.se">Ivica Crnkovic</a>, <b>l</b><b>atest Jan 15, 2022</b>.</div> <div>The proposal should include:</div> <div><ul><li>Name and affiliation of the distinguished guest professor, with a short motivation, overall preliminary schedule and activity plan for the visit.</li> <li>The hosting department and division/research group.</li> <li>If possible, a letter of interest from the potential distinguished guest professor or a statement that the professor has been contacted ad has expressed interest in the visit.</li> <li>CV of the proposed guest professor</li> <li>The head of the department must sign the application</li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The applications will be analyzed by Chalmers internal committee (to be defined) before sending to WASP.  Note that Chalmers will follow the recommendations from WASP and try to provide a balanced list of the candidates. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>For more information, contact please, <a href="mailto:ivica.crnkovic@chalmers.se">Ivica Crnkovic</a></div> <div><a href="mailto:ivica.crnkovic@chalmers.se"></a><br /></div> ​Thu, 25 Nov 2021 13:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/EU-deforestation-proposals.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/EU-deforestation-proposals.aspxResearch at the centre of EU deforestation proposals<p><b>​In its new proposal aimed at reducing tropical deforestation, the European Commission has wrongly left out certain goods which make a significant contribution. This is the view of the researchers behind some of the data on which the Commission based its proposal. The proposed legislation places demands on those who import and sell beef, coffee, cocoa, wood, palm oil and soybeans to the EU. But rubber and maize should also be on the list, according to Martin Persson and Florence Pendrill at Chalmers University of Technology.​</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Previous research from Chalmers has shown that the EU has a great responsibility for tropical deforestation. EU imports of products such as palm oil and soy cause around 200,000 hectares of tropical deforestation annually. Now, the European Commission is proposing ambitious legislation to halt the EU's contribution to deforestation.</span><div><br /><div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/Martin-Florence.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />“In order to determine which products are to be covered by the legislation, the Commission has used our data on how EU imports of agricultural products contribute to deforestation. The only problem is that they have used our data incorrectly and therefore excluded maize and rubber, despite the fact that those products also contribute significantly to deforestation,” explains Martin Persson, who together with colleague Florence Pendrill works at the Division of Physical Resource Theory at Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The Commission has concluded that restrictions on rubber and maize would entail high costs while achieving a relatively small effect on deforestation, compared to the other six products on the list. But this conclusion is built on a flawed comparison – the Chalmers data on deforestation only concerns EU imports of unprocessed natural rubber, but in their calculations of the costs, the Commission have also included processed, recycled, and synthetic rubber, which then yields a  misleading cost-effectiveness ratio.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In addition, import data from the period 2008–2017 has been used, while the data relating to deforestation come from a much shorter period, 2015–2019.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“When we correct the calculations and instead compare the value of the import flows that correspond to the goods included in our deforestation analysis – during the same time period – there is no longer any significant difference between the different goods, and therefore we see no reason for the legislation to exclude rubber and maize,” says Martin Persson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>To address this oversight, Martin Persson, Florence Pendrill and his colleague Thomas Kastner at Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Center wrote a <a href="http://www.focali.se/filer/Focali%20brief_2021_02_Flawed%20numbers%20underpin%20recommendations%20to%20exclude%20commodities%20from%20EU%20deforestation%20legislation.pdf">policy brief in which they addressed the miscalculations</a>.  </div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/oct/26/reducing-scope-of-eu-anti-deforestation-law-misguided-say-scientists">The policy brief was picked up by the British newspaper The Guardian</a>, who also published <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/nov/17/eu-deforestation-beef-coffee-import-ban-commodities-endangered-forests">EU Environment Commissioner Virginijus Sinkevičius’ response to the criticism</a>. </span><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><em>Text: Christian Löwhagen</em></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><em>Photo: Matt Zimmerman. Portraits: Anna-Lena Lundqvist/Chalmers</em></span></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Read more:  </span></h3> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="http://www.focali.se/en/articles/artikelarkiv/new-focali-policy-brief-flawed-numbers-underpin-recommendations-to-exclude-commodities-from-eu-deforestation-legislation">​New Focali policy brief: Flawed numbers underpin recommendations to exclude commodities from EU deforestation legislation</a>  </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">Previous articles about </span><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">​</span><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">Martin and Florence’s research at chalmers.se</span><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/see/news/Pages/How-the-EU-can-reduce-its-impact-on-tropical-deforestation.aspx">How the EU can reduce its impact on tropical deforestation</a> <br /></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/see/news/Pages/EU-consumption-plays-major-role-in-tropical-deforestation.aspx">EU consumption linked to tropical deforestation</a> <br /></div> <div><br /></div></div>Wed, 24 Nov 2021 11:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/Anders-Lyngfelt-Pioneer-in-Energy.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/Anders-Lyngfelt-Pioneer-in-Energy.aspxEnergy pioneer honoured by scientific journal<p><b>​The prestigious scientific journal Energy &amp; Fuels is dedicating a special issue to Anders Lyngfelt, professor of energy technology at Chalmers, in their series Pioneers in Energy Research. Anders has been chosen for his leading research on chemical looping combustion, a technology that is both very energy efficient and makes carbon capture simple and cheap.– I am glad to see an increasing interest in capturing carbon and a growing insight that it is one of the tools we must start using on a large scale. We need to do EVERYTHING, turn every stone, both to quickly reduce emissions and to capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere with negative emissions, says Anders Lyngfelt.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Energy &amp; Fuels has been published since 1978 and as the name suggests, the content spans broad research areas related to energy and fuels. Anders is one of Chalmers and Sweden's most cited researchers and has been published in Energy &amp; Fuels about 40 times. He is the fourth researcher in the magazine's series on Pioneers in Energy Research, the previous three work in solar energy, crude oil and bioenergy and fuels. </span><div><br /></div> <div>– It feels great! In addition to me getting this acknowledgement, I enjoy the fact that our research area gets attention. Energy &amp; Fuels is definitely a significant and serious magazine, with a good impact factor.</div> <div>That Anders - and his research colleagues - are getting this honor is because they have led the development of the technology chemical looping combustion for a long time. It is an efficient combustion technology that makes it possible to easily and cheaply collect the carbon dioxide created during combustion, for further storage. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Capturing and storing carbon dioxide is becoming an increasingly interesting method of reducing global warming. But the flue gases from conventional combustion - to produce district heating and electricity, for example - contain only about 15 percent carbon dioxide and separating it is expensive and also costs a lot of the energy that would go to producing district heating and electricity.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>– That is why carbon dioxide capture is only available at two power plants in the world today. But with chemical looping combustion, there is no need for the complicated gas separation. Ideally, in addition to water vapor, it is pure carbon dioxide that comes out of the chimney, ready for storage.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Although Anders and chemical looping combustion are now being featured in Energy &amp; Fuels, the technology is not used anywhere in the industry today. This is largely due to the fact that today there is already existing technology for combustion and that there is not strong enough pressure on the industry to collect carbon dioxide. But now that interest in carbon capture and storage is increasing, so is interest in chemical looping combustion. And the technology can make a big contribution, Anders believes.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>– The so called carbon dioxide budget, the amount of carbon dioxide that can be released into the atmosphere without us exceeding the target of 1.5 degrees temperature increase, I likely to be finished in 2028 at the rate we are keeping today.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">–</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span>No matter how optimistic your calculations are, no one believes that we will stop emitting carbon dioxide in seven years - so all emissions after 2028 must be removed from the atmosphere with so-called negative emissions. Here, chemical looping combustion can be very useful.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>One area of use that may be relevant is BECCS, Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage. Carbon dioxide is then collected at, for example, bio-fired power plants to achieve a net reduction of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Anders is one of the organizers behind next year's conference on negative emissions, the second in a series of conferences that will increase knowledge about the various possibilities that exist for achieving negative emissions.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Anders now hopes that Sweden - from which the development of the technology has been led for many years - will be the first country where the technology is used on an industrial scale.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">–</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span>My main focus right now is to get someone to dare take the step and use this technology. It is nonsense that it would not matter what we do in &quot;small&quot; Sweden. If we go first and show others how to do, then they will follow. I'm convinced of that.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text: Christian Löwhagen. </em></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Note that the Pioneers in Energy issue featuring Anders Lyngfelt will be published in late 2022, and already 37 other researchers has volunteered to participate in the issue .</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://negativeco2emissions2020.com/">Read more about the 2nd International Conference on Negative CO2 Emissions, at Chalmers 14-17 June 2022</a>.</div> <div><br /></div> Thu, 18 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/Prestigious-funding-to-researchers-at-Chalmers.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/Prestigious-funding-to-researchers-at-Chalmers.aspxPrestigious funding to researchers at Chalmers<p><b>​The Swedish Research Council distributes 2.3 billion in natural and engineering sciences (2021 – 2025) and medicine and health (2021 –​ 2026).Of these project grants, a total of SEK 123 million go to 33 researchers at Chalmers.​</b></p>​These<span style="background-color:initial"> researchers at Chalmers receive grants – sorted by department:</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Biology and Biological Engineering</h2> <div>Alexandra Stubelius, <span style="background-color:initial">Florian David and </span><span style="background-color:initial">​Verena Siewers</span><span style="background-color:initial"> about their projects: </span><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/departments/bio/news/Pages/BIO-researchers-receive-prestigious-VR-grants.aspx">BIO researchers receive prestigious VR-grants​</a></span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Computer Science and Engineering</h2> <div>Ivica Crnkovic </div> <div>Mary Sheeran </div> <div>Marina Papatriantafilou </div> <div>Magnus Myreen </div> <div>Philippas Tsigas<span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Electrical Engineering</h2> <div>Erik Agrell </div> <div>Hana Dobsicek Trefna</div> <div>Giuseppe Durisi</div> <div>Mikael Persson</div> <div>Rui Lin<span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Physics</h2> <div>Christian Forssén , <span style="background-color:initial">Mats Halvarsson, </span><span style="background-color:initial">I</span><span style="background-color:initial">stvan Pusztai och </span><span style="background-color:initial">Mattias Thuvander</span><span style="background-color:initial"> tells about the projects they have received grants for: </span><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/departments/physics/news/Pages/Physics-researchers-receive-16-million-in-grants-from-the-Swedish-Research-Council.aspx">Physics researchers receive 16 million in grants from the Swedish Research Council​</a></span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Industrial and Materials Science</h2> <div>Ragnar Larsson <span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering</h2> <div>Joakim Andréasson</div> <div>Maths Karlsson</div> <div>Andreas Dahlin </div> <div>Louise Olsson</div> <div>Marcus Wilhelmsson<span style="background-color:initial"> <br />The Head of the Department comments on the news and the researchers tells about their projects: <br /><a href="/en/departments/chem/news/Pages/Chemistry-researchers-receive-prestigious-funding-.aspx" title="Link to newarticle ">Chemistry researchers recieve prime funding </a></span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Mathematical Sciences</h2> <div>Dennis Eriksson</div> <div>Anders Södergren<span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences</h2> <div>Henrik Ström, who studies <span style="background-color:initial">systems where small reactive particles move in complex geometries. These can be sensors, for example, where you want to be able to detect as quickly as possible whether a certain type of particle is present in a liquid. Read more about his project </span><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Henrik-Ström-receives-prestigious-funding-from-the-Swedish-Research-Council.aspx">&quot;Migration, mixing and modulation in reactive Brownian systems of arbitrary geometric complexity.&quot;​</a></span><span style="background-color:initial">​</span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience</h2> <div>Saroj Prasad Dash </div> <div>Göran Johansson </div> <div>Samuel Lara Avila </div> <div>Simone Gasparinetti </div> <div>Shumin Wang</div> <div>Jochen Schröder</div> <a href="/en/departments/mc2/news/Pages/MC2-researchers-receive-millions-in-grants-from-the-Swedish-Research-Council.aspx"><div>Read more about some of the research projects</div></a><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Space, Earth and Environment</h2> <div>Giuliana Cosentino, who is researching how and why stars form in the coldest and densest parts of the galaxies. Read more about her <a href="/en/departments/see/news/Pages/VR-grant-to-star-formation-project.aspx">Shock Compressions in the Interstellar Medium, as triggers of Star Formation</a><span style="background-color:initial">. </span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://www.vr.se/english/applying-for-funding/decisions/2021-08-25-natural-and-engineering-sciences.html" target="_blank" title="Link to teh Swedish research council"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about the projects within natural and engineering sciences at the Swedish Research Council</a></div> <div><a href="https://www.vr.se/english/applying-for-funding/decisions/2021-08-25-natural-and-engineering-sciences.html" target="_blank" title="Link to teh Swedish research council"></a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/news/Pages/Read%20more%20about%20the%20projects%20within%20natural%20and%20engineering%20sciences%20at%20the%20Swedish%20Research%20Council" target="_blank" title="Link to teh Swedish research council" style="outline:currentcolor none 0px"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about the projects within medicin and health at the Swedish Research Council</a>  </div> ​Fri, 05 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/History-fossil-dependence.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/History-fossil-dependence.aspxCan history teach us how to reduce fossil reliance?<p><b>​Limiting climate change to the 1.5°C target set by the Paris Climate Agreement will likely require coal and gas power use to decline at rates that are unprecedented for any large country, an analysis of decadal episodes of fossil fuel decline in 105 countries between 1960 and 2018 shows. The researchers also identified factors that has facitilitated rapid decline in fossil fuel use: competing technologies, strong motivation to change energy sources, and effective government institutions.</b></p><div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/Jessica-Jewell-200.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:120px;height:145px" />“Prior studies sometimes looked at the world as a whole but failed to find such cases, because on the global level the use of fossil fuels has always grown over time. So, w<span style="background-color:initial">e were surprised to find that the use of some fossil fuels, particularly oil, actually declined quite rapidly in the 1970s and the 1980s in Western Europe and other </span><span style="background-color:initial">industrialized countries like Japan,” says Jessica Jewell, </span><span style="background-color:initial">associate professor in energy transitions at Chalmers University in Sweden, and</span><span style="background-color:initial"> professor at the University of Bergen in Norway, and the corresponding author of the study. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div>“This is not the time period that is typically associated with energy transitions, but we came to believe that some important lessons can be drawn from there,” says Jessica. <div><br /></div> <div><div>To explore whether any periods of historical fossil fuel decline are similar to scenarios needed to achieve the Paris target, Jewell and her colleagues, Vadim Vinichenko, a post-doctoral researcher at Chalmers and Aleh Cherp, a professor at Central European University in Austria and Lund University in Sweden, identified 147 episodes within a sample of 105 countries between 1960 and 2018 in which coal, oil, or natural gas use declined faster than 5 per cent over a decade. <br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div>The authors found that nearly all scenarios for the decline of coal in Asia in line with Paris Agreement’s goals would be historically unprecedented or have rare precedents. Over half of scenarios envisioned for coal decline in OECD countries and over half of scenarios for cutting gas use in reforming economies, the Middle East, or Africa would also be unprecedented or have rare precedents as well.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Historically, when fossil fuel use has declined rapidly in larger countries, to an extent corresponding to the necessary reduction according to the climate scenarios, it has required advances in competing technologies, effective government institutions to implement the required changes, and strong motivation to change energy systems, for instance to avoid energy security threats.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“This signals both an enormous challenge of seeing through such rapid decline of fossil fuels and the need to learn from historical lessons when rapid declines were achieved on the national scale,” says Jewell.</div></div></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Read the scientific paper<span style="background-color:initial">: </span><span style="background-color:initial">“<a href="https://www.cell.com/one-earth/fulltext/S2590-3322%2821%2900534-0">Historical precedents and feasibility of rapid coal and gas decline required for the 1.5°C target</a>”, </span><span style="background-color:initial">Vadim Vinichenko, </span><span style="background-color:initial">Aleh Cherp, </span><span style="background-color:initial">Jessica Jewell, </span><span style="background-color:initial">published in One Earth.  </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Read a longer version of the press release: </span><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/931598">Historical analysis finds no precedent for the rate of coal and gas power decline needed to limit climate change to 1.5°C</a>, on which the text above is based.</span><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div>Thu, 04 Nov 2021 06:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/ict/news/Pages/next-Vice-Director.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/ict/news/Pages/next-Vice-Director.aspxICT AoA is looking for the next Vice-Director<p><b>Do you like to communicate, build relationships, and have a long-term vision and a desire to change the status quo? Do you also have an interest in leadership​ – take a look at this opportunity! ​We are looking for the next Vice-Director of Information and Communication Technology Area of Advance.</b></p>Chalmers' areas of advance are thematic platforms for strategy and long-term collaboration that aim to address specific challenges relevant to industry and society. They also offer common access to cutting-edge research infrastructures as well as to several targeted research centers. The aim is to generate new knowledge and solutions by breaking the boundaries of traditional academic disciplines and collaborating with various societal actors. <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Information and Communication Technology Area of Advance  (ICT AoA)</h3> <div>The vision of ICT <span style="background-color:initial">AoA</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial">is to be a significant contributor t</span><span style="background-color:initial">o Chalmers and society in their digital transformations. In particular, the ICT AoA promotes the development of sustainable ICT tools and enablers for a sustainable transformation of society. To achieve this goal, the ICT AoA works with the departments, the education organization, and Chalmers strategic industrial partners to promote and support excellent research and education initiatives, especially those that do not naturally fall within the domain of a single department. </span></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>The role of vice-director</span></h3> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">As a vic</span><span style="background-color:initial">e-director, you have overall responsibility for the ICT AoA, together with the director, Prof. Erik Ström, and the ICT AoA management team. This means that you are expected to design activities and initiatives that help Chalmers address selected societal challenges within ICT. This involves engaging both Chalmers' faculty and relevant actors in society. </span></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Who are we looking for?</span></h3> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span>Y</span><span></span><span>ou are a </span><span>docent or professor</span><span> at Chalmers in an area that is relevant for ICT </span><span>AoA</span><span>. You like to communicate, build relationships, and have a long-term vision and a desire to change the status quo. You are well organized and have an interest in leadership, interdisciplinary research, and collaboration with industry and relevant actors in society. Understanding Swedish is advantageous for this role. The role is time-limited to 3 years with the possibility of a prolongment of additional 3 years (6 years in total). The required commitment, which is 15%-25% of full time, is negotiated individually, in a dialogue with the vice-rector for research, with the ICT AoA director, and the department.</span></p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Application procedure</span></h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="https://easychair.org/conferences/?conf=vsolict21" title="link to application form" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Please upload to EasyChair​</a><span> </span>containing the following information:</span></div> <div><ul><li><span style="background-color:initial">CV</span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">Personal letter of maximum 2 pages</span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">Additional material if needed</span></li></ul></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b>Application deadline: </b>7 December, 2021</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">If you have questions, please get in touch with the following persons:</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b><a href="mailto:erik.strom@chalmers.se">Erik Ström</a></b>, Director, ICT AoA</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b><a href="mailto:durisi@chalmers.se">Giuseppe Durisi</a></b>, Vice-Director, ICT </span><span style="background-color:initial">AoA</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <div> </div> <div></div></div> ​Mon, 01 Nov 2021 07:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/William-Chalmers-lecture-2021-Susanne-Aalto.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/William-Chalmers-lecture-2021-Susanne-Aalto.aspxSusanne Aalto, this year’s William Chalmers lecturer<p><b>​How gigantic black holes in the centres of galaxies grow is one of the key questions of life, the universe and everything. And searching for an answer to that question is something that Susanne Aalto, a professor of radio astronomy, devotes her working life to. </b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">“The black heart of the galaxies – where molecules feed monsters” is the title of this year’s William Chalmers lecture to be given by Aalto, which is derived from studies that her research team is conducting on what is contained at the centre of galaxies. With the aid of the ALMA telescope in Chile and its array of 66 synchronised antennas, they discovered something new in the universe – galaxies whose central parts are so enshrouded in dust and gas that not even an X-ray can pass through them. In visible light they look dull, without any signs of interesting activity. But measurements in the radio spectrum reveal hitherto unknown and very rapid growth behind the dust curtains.</span><div> It was</div> <div>“What is actually hiding in there? It’s difficult to see since the dust absorbs visible light – it’s rather like looking at a lamp through a blanket. Radio waves can, however, pass through the dust and give us an idea of what is happening in there, but it’s more tricky than I first thought.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Aalto suspects that it could be rapidly growing black holes. Supermassive black holes are generally assumed to have grown when the universe was considerably younger. But Aalto believes that this can also happen now, but that the growth mainly takes place behind vast quantities of dust.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/Susanne_Aalto_180.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />“Supermassive black holes grow along with their host galaxy. But it’s not that they just swallow up everything that comes their way. The fact is that black holes, like awkward kids at the dinner table, are quite difficult to feed. They control their growth and a lot of matter that flows towards them is flung out in winds or narrow jets. The question is how the enormous galaxy and the tiny black hole – imagine a billion suns tucked away in a thimble – communicate with one another? How does the interaction work when they grow together? This is a key to understanding the development of galaxies, which is in turn an important piece of the puzzle for the development of the entire universe. My dream discovery is to solve this puzzle,” says Aalto.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In order to try to see inside the dust curtains her research team, together with an international team, have developed a method by which they use molecules in the dust as a measuring instrument. The molecules absorb energy-rich infrared light from the interior of the galaxy and then send out corresponding energy in the form of radio waves that can force their way out through the dust. By studying radio waves Aalto and her colleagues have started to piece together the puzzle from the outside to find answers about the processes that have given rise to the energy-rich infrared light. A growing black hole, or perhaps a form of extreme star formation that we have never seen before?</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Welcome to the lecture</h3> <div>The William Chalmers Lecture is to be given in Swedish on 4 November at 18.00 in the RuNan conference hall, Students’ Union Building (Kårhus) , Chalmers. You can also follow the presentation live via YouTube. <a href="/sv/institutioner/see/kalendarium/Sidor/William-Chalmers-forelasning-2021-Susanne-Aalto.aspx">Read more about the lecture and register for it</a>. </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Read more: </h3> <div><a href="/sv/nyheter/magasin/Documents/Chalmers%20magasin%20nr2%202019.pdf">An extended interview with Susanne Aalto is available to read in the Chalmers’ journal Chalmers Magasin (in Swedish​</a>) . </div>Fri, 29 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/Growth-of-solar-and-wind-power.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/see/news/Pages/Growth-of-solar-and-wind-power.aspxExpansion of wind and solar power too slow to stop climate change<p><b>​The production of renewable energy is increasing every year. But after analysing the growth rates of wind and solar power in 60 countries, researchers at Chalmers, Lund University and Central European University in Vienna, Austria conclude that virtually no country is moving sufficiently fast to avoid global warming of 1.5°C or even 2°C. </b></p>&quot;This is the first time that the maximum growth rate in individual countries has been accurately measured, and it shows the enormous scale of the challenge of replacing traditional energy sources with renewables, as well as the need to explore diverse technologies and scenarios&quot;, says Jessica Jewell, Associate Professor in Energy Transitions at Chalmers University of Technology.​<div><br /></div> <div>​The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has identified energy scenarios compatible with keeping global warming under 1.5°C or 2°C. Most of these scenarios envision very rapid growth of renewable electricity: on average   about 1.4 per cent of total global electricity supply per year for both wind and solar power, and over 3 per cent in more ambitious solar power scenarios. But the researchers’ new findings show that achieving such rapid growth has so far only been possible for a few countries.  <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Measuring and predicting the growth of new technologies like renewable energy is difficult, as they do not grow linearly. Instead, the growth usually follows a so-called S-curve. This means that when production of wind or solar power begins in a country it first accelerates exponentially, then stabilizes to linear growth for a while, and in the end slows down as the market becomes saturated.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/Jessica-Jewell-200.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />&quot;Scholars typically assess technological growth by measuring how fast a given technology reaches market saturation. But for wind and solar power this method does not work, because we don’t know when and at what levels they will saturate. We came up with a new method: to use mathematical models to measure the slope of the S-curve, i.e. the maximum growth rate achieved at its steepest point. It is an entirely novel way to look at the growth of new technologies&quot;, says Jessica Jewell. </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Analysis of 60 countries</h3> <div>The researchers use these mathematical models to estimate the maximum growth rates achieved in the 60 largest countries which together produce ca 95% of the world’s electricity. They show that the average rate of onshore wind power growth achieved at the steepest point of the S-curves is 0.8% (with half of the countries falling within the 0.6-1.1% range) of the total electricity supply per year. For solar power, these estimates are somewhat lower: 0.6% on average (range 0.4-0.9%). </div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Higher rates, comparable to those required in climate scenarios, are indeed sometimes achieved, but typically in smaller countries. For example, wind power in Ireland expanded at some 2.6% per year while solar power in Chile has grown at 1.8% per year. However, fast growth is much rarer in larger countries. Among larger countries, only Germany has so far been able to sustain growth of wind power comparable with median climate scenarios (above 1.5% per year). </span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/Aleh-Cherp-200.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />&quot;In other words, to stay on track for climate targets, the whole world should build wind power as fast as Germany has recently&quot; says Aleh Cherp, a professor in Environmental Sciences and Policy at Central European University and Lund University. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>(As a side-note, Sweden has been growing wind power (including offshore) at about 1.6% per year in the last decade but this is at the upper end of the growth we observed in other countries.)</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>​Why late adopter grow equally slow</span></h3> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span>To investigate future prospects of ren</span><span>ewables, the researchers have also compared th</span><span>eir growth in the pioneering countries (mostly in the European Union and other high-income industrialised nations) and in the rest of the world, where solar and wind power were introduced later. </span><span>The</span><span> latter group</span><span> includes most developing and emerging economies that would be responsible for the bulk of global energy use and thus need to deploy most of wind and solar power in the 21st century. It is hypothetically p</span><span>ossible that these countries could skip the trial-and-error stage which slowed down the early adopters, and thus leapfrog to higher growth rates. Unfortunately, the researchers discover that this is not the case. ​</span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span><br /></span></p> <div>&quot;There are usually reasons why they are late to enter the race. It can be because of vested interests, weaker institutions, and an investment environment that doesn’t support new technologies as well as from unsuitable geography. Those reasons have prevented renewable energy from taking off in the first place and make it especially difficult to replicate or exceed the growth rates achieved in leaders. Thus, we cannot automatically assume that the countries which introduce wind and solar power later would learn from prior experience and grow these technologies faster&quot;, says Cherp.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Challenges for policy makers</h3> <div>The study highlights several policy challenges. One is for high-income countries to avoid the slowdown of solar and wind expansion, recently observed in several places. Another is for major Asian economies such as India and China to increase the growth rates so that renewables start growing faster than electricity demand and eventually push out fossil fuels. This can be achieved by widening the cost gap between renewables and the fossils, which include subsidies, phasing out or taxing competing technologies and supporting grid integration. </div> <div>&quot;Finally, we should recognize that there may be natural limits to how fast wind and solar can be expanded and thus we should systematically investigate the feasibility of other climate solutions&quot;, says Cherp.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text: Christian Löwhagen</em></div> <div><em>Image credits: Main photo: Pixabay. Jessica Jewell: Udo Schlög. Aleh Cherp: Johan Persson. </em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The article <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-021-00863-0">National growth dynamics of wind and solar power compared to the growth required for global climate targets</a> was published in the journal Nature Energy, written by Cherp, A., Vinichenko, V., Tosun, J., Gordon, J. &amp; Jewell, J.. Nature Energy 6, 742–754 (2021). </span></div></div>Mon, 25 Oct 2021 13:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/Sonia-Yeh-new-Co-Director-for-Energy-Area-of-Advance.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/Sonia-Yeh-new-Co-Director-for-Energy-Area-of-Advance.aspxSonia Yeh new Co-Director for Energy Area of Advance<p><b>&quot;I am grateful to have Sonia Yeh in the management of the Energy area of Advance. As Area of Advance leaders, we will also have the support of Anders Hellman and Cecilia Geijer, who complement our competencies&quot;, says Tomas Kåberger, Director of Chalmers Energy area of Advance. Sonia Yeh, professor of energy and transport systems at Chalmers, replaces Anders Ådahl, as he has moved on to new assignments for the Chalmers University Foundation.​</b></p><span style="background-color:initial">&quot;I have for some time been considering getting more involved with central strategic planning at Chalmers. And this assignment seems to mean a good balance between increased responsibility and new experiences. So I am very happy to take on the task and really look forward to working with the management team over the next three years to manage one of Chalmers' largest research areas, says&quot; Sonia Yeh.<br /><br /></span><div><strong>What do you see as your most important task?</strong></div> <div>&quot;First and foremost, one of the most important tasks as a deputy is to support the Area of Advance leader's visions and strategies. In addition, I hope that my experience from researching, leading research programs and working in the public sector can contribute to new perspectives to complement and raise the already very high level of academic excellence at Chalmers&quot;, says Sonia Yeh.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Sonia Yeh</strong> is a professor at Physical Resource Theory at the Department of Space, Earth and Environment at Chalmers University of Technology. Her fields of research centres on alternative transportation fuels, consumer behaviour, urban mobility and sustainability standards. Her research has made her an internationally recognized expert on energy economics and modulation of energy systems.</div> <div> </div> <div>Among other things she co-led a large collaborative team from the University of California Davis and UC Berkeley advising the U.S. states of California and Oregon, and British Columbia, Canada to design and implement a market-based carbon policy targeting GHG emission reductions from the transport sector.</div> <div> </div> <div>Sonia Yeh came to Chalmers as Adlerbertska visiting professor and U.S Fulbright Distinguished Chair Professor in Alternative Energy Technology to foster the exchange of transport research among the U.S, Sweden and the rest of Europe.</div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/Bio/IndBio/cecilia5q_340x400.jpg" alt="Cecilia Geijer" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:348px" /><span></span><strong>”As the new senior advisor,</strong> I look forward to getting a greater insight into the structure and management of AoA Energy. There are lots of exciting energy research being conducted at Chalmers, and I hope to be able to contribute to the management team with my knowledge on microbial conversion of biomass into products for a circular bioeconomy,” says Cecilia Geijer.<br /><br /><strong>Cecilia Geijer </strong>is an Assistant Professor, at the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Industrial Biotechnology.</div> <div>Her research focus is to develop yeast strains that can effectively ferment all the sugar in lignocellulose into sustainable biofuels and biochemicals in a future biorefinery. To understand how yeast best absorbs and metabolizes different sugars, she works with both industrial strains of the model organism S. cerevisiae as well as non-conventional yeast species with interesting biotechnological properties.</div> <div>Cecilia Geijer and her research group use the Nobel Prize-winning CRISPR-Cas9 technology to provide the bakery yeast with genes from other organisms, which also enables fermentation of other sugars from plant biomass and broadens the yeast's areas of use.</div> Wed, 20 Oct 2021 23:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/researchinfrastructure/oso/news/Pages/SKAO-Chalmers-agreement.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/researchinfrastructure/oso/news/Pages/SKAO-Chalmers-agreement.aspxKey role in the world's largest radio telescope project<p><b>​Chalmers will lead Sweden’s participation in the project to build the world's largest radio telescopes. At a ceremony held in Manchester and Gothenburg on September 30, 2021, a new agreement was signed between Chalmers and the intergovernmental organisation SKA Observatory. The agreement covers the next two years, giving time for Sweden to establish a formal membership in the international organisation.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The international SKA Observatory (SKAO) was established in early 2021. Its two vast telescopes, located at remote sites in South Africa and Australia, will together become one of this century’s most important scientific facilities. </span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div>“With the new agreement in place, Chalmers has a new, official role as leading Swedish interests in the construction of the SKA Observatory's giant telescopes. Funding for Swedish participation in the construction project is already secured, thanks to support from the Swedish Research Council and Vinnova”, says Lars Börjesson, board member of the SKAO.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The two SKA telescopes are made up of many individual antennas, each sensitive to invisible radio waves from space. In total, 197 dish antennas will be placed in South Africa, forming a telescope for shorter wavelengths. Over 130 000 smaller antennas will make up the other telescope, located in Australia, sensitive to longer wavelength. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Both will be able to map radio waves from the cosmos with unprecedented sensitivity. <span style="background-color:initial">The telescopes will investigate the mysteries of dark energy, dark matter, and cosmic magnetism, study how galaxies have</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial">evolved</span><span style="background-color:initial">, test Einstein’s theories, and search for clues to the origins of life.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Scientists in Sweden and all over the world want to use the SKA telescopes to ask some of our biggest questions about the universe. <span style="background-color:initial">Membership in the SKA Observatory makes it possible for Swedish science and technology to be involved in building of these unique telescopes. It also ensures access to scientific data, and the chance to make exciting discoveries in astronomy and physics</span><span style="background-color:initial">”, explains John Conway.</span></div> <div><strong><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/Onsala%20rymdobservatorium/340x/ska_signing1_bengtsson_72dpi_340x340.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />Openings for industry</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The new agreement means that Swedish companies are now eligible to tender for industrial contracts on equal terms as the SKAO’s current member countries. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“This is a great opportunity for Sweden’s high-tech industries to get involved in a challenging and extremely exciting project”, says John Conway, director of Onsala Space Observatory and professor of radio astronomy at Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>When the SKA telescopes are operational, they will generate data in quantities that make what today counts as &quot;big data&quot; look small. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The new agreement also means a green light for the establishment in Sweden of one of SKAO's regional data processing centres. These centres are designed to handle the flood of data from SKA’s telescopes and supply final data products to astronomers.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/Onsala%20rymdobservatorium/340x/ska_signing3_zoom_72dpi_340x193.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /><br /></div> <div><strong>Swedish tech opening new windows on the universe</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The documents signed on 30 September 2021 by Stefan Bengtsson, Chalmers' president, and Philip Diamond, Director General of the SKA Observatory, give Chalmers the responsibility of representing Sweden in the project during the next two years. During that time, national processes will continue towards establishing Sweden as a member country of SKAO.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Sweden has been involved in the SKA project since the start. It’s wonderful to welcome Chalmers and Onsala Space Observatory in this new official role, just as building work is starting in South Africa and in Australia”, says Philip Diamond.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/Onsala%20rymdobservatorium/340x/ska_signing2_chalmers_72dpi_340x201.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><span style="background-color:initial">“Before long, the SKA telescopes will begin to show us a whole new universe, giving scientists all over the world new discoveries and new challenges. When that happens, we can be proud of having supplied key Swedish technology to the project, technology with its roots right here at Chalmers and at Onsala Space Observatory”, says Stefan Bengtsson.</span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>More about Sweden’s role in the SKA project</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Onsala Space Observatory represented Swedish interests in the SKA design process between 2012 and 2021 as a member of the SKA Organization. </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/Onsala%20rymdobservatorium/340x/SKA-Mid_wide_angle_72dpi_340x340.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />Chalmers and Swedish companies have made important contributions to the design and prototyping of the SKA telescopes, with the support of Big Science Sweden and working together with colleagues in Canada, France, India, Spain and South Africa.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><ul><li>The telescopes’ physically largest radio receivers, known as Band 1, have been designed and prototyped at Onsala Space Observatory. After a competitive procurement process, they will be manufactured by a Swedish company and a complete set delivered to SKAO's telescope in South Africa. </li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">Innovative low-noise amplifiers for Band 1 and for two other SKA receiver bands will supplied by the Gothenburg company Low Noise Factory, making use of the Chalmers MyFab clean room facility for the fabrication of core components.</span><br /></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The digital sampler design for the telescope in South Africa is now being finalised by the Gothenburg company Qamcom Research &amp; Technology AB. T</span>he digital samplers will also be manufactured by a Swedish company after a competitive procurement process.<br /></li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Swedish involvement in the SKAO is also opening new opportunities in data storage, machine learning and artificial intelligence. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“At Onsala Space Observatory we’ve already started exploring these opportunities, working together Chalmers Fraunhofer Centre for Industrial Mathematics. That was demonstrated recently by an outstanding Swedish team performance in a recent international data challenge, applying machine learning to simulated SKA data”, says John Conway.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>More about the SKA Observatory and Onsala Space Observatory</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The SKAO, formally known as the SKA Observatory, is a global collaboration of Member States whose mission is to build and operate cutting-edge radio telescopes to transform our understanding of the Universe, and deliver benefits to society through global collaboration and innovation.</span><br /></div> <div><div><br /></div> <div>Headquartered in the UK, its two telescope arrays will be constructed in Australia and South Africa and be the two most advanced radio telescope networks on Earth. A later expansion is envisioned in both countries and other African partner countries. Together with other state-of-the-art research facilities, the SKAO’s telescopes will explore the unknown frontiers of science and deepen our understanding of key processes, including the formation and evolution of galaxies, fundamental physics in extreme environments and the origins of life. Through the development of innovative technologies and its contribution to addressing societal challenges, the SKAO will play its part to address the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals and deliver significant benefits across its membership and beyond.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The SKAO recognises and acknowledges the Indigenous peoples and cultures that have traditionally lived on the lands on which the SKAO facilities are located.</div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Onsala Space Observatory is Sweden's national infrastructure for radio astronomy, hosted by the Department of Space, Earth and Environment at Chalmers University of Technology. The observatory provides researchers with equipment for the study of both the distant universe and of our earth. At Onsala, 45 km south of Gothenburg, the observatory operates four radio telescopes and a station in the international telescope Lofar. The SKA project is one of several international projects that the observatory participates in. Onsala Space Observatory receives funding from the Swedish Research Council and from the Swedish National Mapping Agency to support its activities in astronomy and geoscience, respectively.</span><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><strong>Contacts</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Robert Cumming, communicator, Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers, tel: +46 31-772 5500 or +46 70 493 3114, robert.cumming@chalmers.se.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>John Conway, professor and infrastructure director, Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers, +46 31-772 5500, john.conway@chalmers.se</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong><em>Images</em></strong></div> <div><strong><em><br /></em></strong></div> <div><em>A (top) - Nighttime composite image of the SKA combining all elements in South Africa and Australia. Credit: SKAO, ICRAR, SARAO / Acknowledgment: The GLEAM view of the centre of the Milky Way, in radio colour. Credit: Natasha Hurley-Walker (Curtin / ICRAR) and the GLEAM Team.</em></div> <div><em>Image credit: SKAO</em></div> <div><em></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><div><em>B - At a ceremony on 30 September 2021, Stefan Bengtsson, president of Chalmers (foreground) and </em><em style="background-color:initial">Philip Diamond director general of the SKAO </em><em style="background-color:initial">(right, on screen</em><em style="background-color:initial">) </em><em style="background-color:initial">signed the new agreement between the SKAO and Chalmers. </em></div> <div><em style="background-color:initial">Image credit: Chalmers/R. Cumming</em></div> <div><em> </em></div> <div><div><em>C - The signing ceremony was held at the SKAO headquarters at Jodrell Bank, UK, and at Chalmers, with guests participating digitally. This screenshot shows Stefan Bengtsson and the Chalmers event (upper right) and professor Catherine Cesarsky, chair of the SKAO Board (below).</em></div> <div><em>Image credit: SKAO</em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><em></em></div></div> <div><em>D - The signing ceremony on 30 September 2021 in Gothenburg was attended by John Conway, director of Onsala Space Observatory, Lars Börjesson, board member of the SKAO, Stefan Bengtsson, president of Chalmers and Eva Wirström, division head for Onsala Space Observatory. </em></div> <div><em>Image credit: Chalmers/R. Cumming</em></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><em>E –  This image shows an artist’s impression of the array of 197 dish antennas in South Africa. Of these 64 antennas (right half of image) are already in place in the form of the MeerKAT telescope. </em></div> <div><em>Image credit: SKAO</em></div></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div></div> ​Thu, 07 Oct 2021 08:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/ict/news/Pages/Can-automated-fact-checkers-clean-up-the-mess.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/ict/news/Pages/Can-automated-fact-checkers-clean-up-the-mess.aspxCan automated fact-checkers clean up the mess?<p><b>​The dream of free dissemination of knowledge seems to be stranded in fake news and digital echo chambers. Even basic facts seem hard to be agreed upon. So is there hope in the battle to clean up this mess?  </b></p>​Yes! Many efforts are made within the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) research area to find solutions. Learn more about it at our <span style="background-color:initial">seminar, focusing on automated fact-checking, both in research and practice.</span><div><div><br /></div> <div><b>DATE: </b>18 November 2021 (The date has already passed, but see the film from the seminar, link below)</div> <div><b>TIME: </b>09:45–12:00 CET</div> <div><b style="background-color:initial">LOCATION:</b><span style="background-color:initial"> Online or at Lingsalen, Studenternas Hus, Götabergsgatan 17 </span><span style="background-color:initial">​(Registration link below</span><span style="background-color:initial">). </span><br /></div> <div><em>Note! The physical seminar is only for students and staff at Chalmers and University of Gothenburg.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><a href="https://youtu.be/J9j_rP2P2wg" target="_blank" title="link to Youtube"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />SEE THE FILM FROM THE SEMINAR​</a></div> <span style="background-color:initial"></span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div><div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">AGENDA​</h3> <div><div></div> <div><div><b>09:45 Introduction </b></div> <div><b>Erik Ström</b>, Director, Information and Communications Technology Area of Advance</div> <div><b>10:00 Looking for the truth in the post-truth era</b></div> <div><b>Ivan Koychev,</b> University of Sofia, Bulgaria. He gives a brief overview of automatically finding the claims and facts in texts along with confirmation or refutation.</div> <div><b>10:30 Computational Fact-Checking for Textual Claims</b></div> <div><b>Paolo Papotti,</b> Associate Professor, EURECOM, France. He will cover the opportunities and limitations of computational fact-checking and its role in fighting misinformation. He will also give examples from the &quot;infodemic&quot; associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.</div> <div><b>11:00 Pause</b></div> <div><b>11:10 Panel discussion. </b></div> <div><b>In the panel:</b></div> <div>Moderator <b>Graham Kemp</b>, professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers. </div> <div><b>Sheila Galt</b>, retired professor of Applied Electromagnetics, Chalmers. Engaged researcher in the Swedish Skeptics Association (Vetenskap och Folkbildning, VoF) for many years.</div> <div><b>Bengt Johansson</b>, professor in Journalism, University of Gothenburg. He has a strong focus on the field of media, power, and democracy. </div> <div><b>Jenny Wiik</b>, researcher and project leader for Media &amp; Democracy. Her research is looking into, e.g., automation of journalism. </div> <div>The keynotes, <b>Ivan Koychev</b> and <b>Paolo Papotti </b>are also part of the discussion.</div> <div><b>12:00 The end​</b></div></div> <div><b><br /></b></div> <div></div></div> <div><em>Chalmers ICT Area of Advance arranges this event as part of the Act Sustainable week.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://www.actsustainable.se/thursday21" target="_blank" title="link to the Act Sustainable website"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more and register</a> (at theAct Sustainable website)</div> <div><a href="https://www.actsustainable.se/thursday21" target="_blank" title="link to the Act Sustainable website"></a><a href="https://www.actsustainable.se/" target="_blank" title="Link to start page Act Sustainable website"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about the Act Sustainable week​</a>​<br /></div></div></div> <div><br /></div></div></div></div> ​Fri, 01 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/Daniel-Gillblad-new-Director-of-Chalmers-AI-Research-Center.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/Daniel-Gillblad-new-Director-of-Chalmers-AI-Research-Center.aspxChalmers AI Research Center gets a new director<p><b>​On 1 October, Daniel Gillblad will begin his role as the new Director of Chalmers AI Research Center (CHAIR). He will take on the responsibility of leading the continued development of Chalmers’ cutting-edge capabilities within artificial intelligence, with the goal of driving world-leading research for the benefit of Swedish industry and the public sector. ​</b></p>​<span></span><span style="background-color:initial">Daniel Gillblad currently works as Co-Director Scientific Vision at Sweden’s national AI centre, AI Sweden. He has previously worked as a researcher, research leader and laboratory head at the Swedish Institute of Computer Science, SICS, as well as Head of AI research at </span>Research Institutes of Sweden,<span style="background-color:initial"> Rise. </span><div><br /></div> <div>”Daniel’s comprehensive expertise and experience will be a huge advantage for the continued work of integrating Chalmers’ AI research within national and international research initiatives, supporting our educational assignment in AI as well as encouraging innovation and commercialisation and developing our collaborations with industrial partners in AI,” says Stefan Bengtsson, President and CEO of Chalmers University of Technology.  </div> <div>Daniel Gillblad will begin his role as the new Director of CHAIR on </div> <div>1 October, while also continuing his work as Co-Director at Sweden’s national AI center, AI Sweden.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“I am extremely glad to be given this opportunity as Director of CHAIR to work together with Chalmers researchers to develop future AI methods and applications. I am also greatly looking forward to further strengthening the connections between academia, industry and the public sector through my continued work with AI Sweden,” says Daniel Gillblad. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text: Ingrid Claesson</em></div> ​Wed, 29 Sep 2021 14:00:00 +0200