News: Fysik related to Chalmers University of TechnologySun, 27 Nov 2022 02:35:37 +0100 tetraneutron may have been captured for the first time<p><b>For over fifty years, researchers have searched for the elusive tetraneutron – four neutrons that form a system. Now, for the first time, a signal has been measured that is believed to be precisely this phenomenon. Thomas Nilsson, Professor at the Department of Physics at Chalmers University of Technology, has participated in the experiment and tells us more about the discovery. </b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Our world is made up of atoms, whose nuclei consist of protons and neutrons. Whether a system made up entirely of neutrons can exist has long eluded the world of physics, and more than half a century has passed since searching for it began. Twenty years ago, scientists found signs of the tetraneutron after an experiment in which neutron-rich beryllium isotopes collided with carbon atoms, but the result had large margins of error and was difficult to interpret.</span><div><br /></div> <div>During a large-scale experiment carried out by a big international research team at the Radioactive Ion Beam Factory at RIKEN in Japan, it has now been possible for the first time to demonstrate what is believed to be an observation of the tetraneutron; four neutrons that are fleetingly connected. The experiment was carried out in 2016, but it has taken until now to analyse the complex measurements, <a href="">the results of which have been presented in Nature</a>.</div> <div><br /></div> <div style="font-size:16px">Better understanding of the atomic nucleus</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/Blandade%20dimensioner%20inne%20i%20artikel/Thomas%20Nilsson_400x415.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Thomas Nilsson" style="margin:5px 10px;width:180px;height:189px" />Thomas Nilsson</strong>, Professor of experimental subatomic physics and Head of the Department of <span style="background-color:initial">Physics at Chalmers, is part of the research team. In short, the driving force behind this type of research is the curiosity to better understand the world, he says.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The tetraneutron can help us understand the microcosm and how the atomic nucleus is built right down to the quark level – the smallest demonstrated building blocks of matter. It would be an extreme system to study and could give us insights into the strong interaction between neutrons and protons in an atomic nucleus, one of the four interaction types found in nature and the most complicated one to study, says Thomas Nilsson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The tetraneutron can also give us insights into the processes that take place in the universe's neutron stars. Large parts of them are made up of neutrons alone, and it is believed that heavy elements are created when neutron stars collide.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div style="font-size:16px">A neutron star in the lab</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Experimental studies of neutron systems are challenging because free neutrons decay within minutes. Therefore, the researchers cannot start from them. To create a system where the neutrons could interact only with each other during the experiment, the researchers used nuclear reactions with atomic nuclei that already have a large excess of neutrons. The researchers overcame the challenge by creating a beam of the isotope helium-8 (with two protons and six neutrons) and firing it at half the speed of light at a target of hydrogen. Thus, a collision was created where sometimes only four neutrons remained. In turn, they formed into a system of four – albeit as fleetingly as for 10<sup>-</sup><sup>22</sup> seconds (0.0000000000000000000001 seconds).</div> <div><br /></div> <div>By measuring the mass and energy of the particles before and after the collision, the tetraneutron could be detected by the energy that was missing in the measurement after the collision.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“In the past there have been indications of the tetraneutron, but they have not been statistically significant. Now we have received a very clear signal and you can say that we have possibly created a minimal neutron star in the lab”, says Thomas Nilsson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Further studies will be required to confirm the result of the experiment. In a few years, the German accelerator facility FAIR, Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research, is expected to be completed. There, the researchers will, among other things, be able to produce matter that is usually only found in space.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“At FAIR, you will be able to measure all four neutrons separately. Then we will really be able to say whether it is a four-neutron system that we have found”, says Thomas Nilsson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div style="font-size:15px"><strong>More about the scientific article and the research:</strong></div> <div><ul><li>The article <a href="">“Observation of a correlated free four-neutron system“</a>, M. Duer, T. Aumann et al.: was published in Nature, June 22, 2022. The research result has involved researchers from, among others, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Technische Universität Munich, Riken Nishina Center, GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy-ion Research and Chalmers University of Technology.</li> <li>From the Department of Physics at Chalmers, Mikhail Zhukov, Professor Emeritus, Thomas Nilsson, Professor, and Simon Lindberg, former doctoral student, have been involved in the planning and execution of the experiment and the writing of the article, as well as two further colleagues, Dr. Hans Törnqvist and Dr. Matthias Holl, who took part while being at TU Darmstadt. Additional researchers at the department who contributed to the instrumentation that forms the basis of the experiment are Associate Professor Andreas Heinz and research engineer Håkan Johansson. Generations of students have also worked on the subject in bachelor's and master's theses.</li> <li>Chalmers' contribution to the scientific article has been financed by the Swedish Research Council, that recently granted continued funding for the project until 2026.</li> <li><a href="">Read more in the press release from Technische Universität Darmstadt​</a>.</li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div style="font-size:15px"><strong>Contact:</strong></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Thomas-Nilsson.aspx">Thomas Nilsson</a>, Professor at the division of Subatomic, High Energy and Plasma Physics and Head of Department, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology</div> <div><a href=""> </a></div> <div>+46 (0)31 772 32 58 </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Lisa Gahnertz</div> <div>Illustration: Yen Strandqvist</div> <div>Portrait picture: Anna-Lena Lundqvist</div> <div><br /></div>Wed, 16 Nov 2022 10:00:00 +0100 expertise gathered at Chalmers<p><b>​​Research and development were in focus when academia, industry and other stakeholders gathered for the battery conference NordBatt 2022 at Chalmers at the end of October.</b></p><div>​The conference takes place every two years, with participants mainly from the Nordic and Baltic countries, and was this year organized at Chalmers by Professor <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Patrik-Johansson0603-6580.aspx">Patrik Johansson's​</a> team, together with Battery Alliance Sweden (BASE) and the Swedish Energy Agency, with support from several of Chalmers' Areas of Advance.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The theme for this year's NordBatt was &quot;From moving electrons to electromobility&quot;. This was reflected in lectures on everything from fundamental material research to new manufacturing methods, via shorter talks from several battery manufacturers such as NoVo Energy, Beyonder, and Morrow, to plans and strategies from end users such as Volvo Cars, AB Volvo, Scania and Polestar. Some of the topics discussed were new battery materials and concepts, modelling, studies of how batteries age, and how batteries can be scaled up and recycled.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The purpose of the conference is to exchange experiences and inspire. It also aims to create and strengthen the Nordic-Baltic networks for the entire battery ecosystem including training, skills provision, and equality aspects.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">New for this year was that before the NordBatt 2022 conference took off, half a day was dedicated to a pre-conference by and for doctoral students and postdocs, in order for them to create their own networks. In parallel with this, the European research initiative Battery2030+ organised a strategic Nordic-Baltic meeting.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/Blandade%20dimensioner%20inne%20i%20artikel/PatrikJohansson_20190823_280x300.jpg" alt="Patrik Johansson" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px;width:190px;height:204px" />“Being able to gather physically again after the pandemic and see how the battery field has grown in just the last few years was a fantastic feeling. From this year's conference, the progress on the battery manufacturing side is really noticeable, and that is good news, not the least for Gothenburg. How other battery technologies advance their positions is also clear, as is how the entire battery value chain is now involved,” says Patrik Johansson.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“Another aspect to highlight is the younger researchers, they are very mature and we really need their excellence going forward – both in academia and in industry.”</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The next NordBatt will take place in 2024 and will be organized by Alexey Koposov at University of Oslo.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about this year's conference at the homepage of NordBatt 2022</a></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Lisa Gahnertz</div> <div><br /></div>Mon, 14 Nov 2022 10:00:00 +0100 funding to researchers at Chalmers<p><b>​​In their annual call for research grants, the Swedish Research Council distributes SEK 112 million to 29 researchers at Chalmers. </b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">Chalmers was awarded grants in all announced areas, but most in natural and engineering sciences. </span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>These researchers at Chalmers receive grants – sorted by department: <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> Architecture and Civil Engineering </h2> <div>Jelke Dijkstra </div> <div>Karin Lundgren </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Biology and Biological Engineering </h2> <div>Rikard Landberg <br />Clemens Wittenbecher <br />Fredrik Westerlund </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Electrical Engineering </h2> <div>Erik Ström <br />Henk Wymeersch </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Physics </h2> <div>Riccardo Catena <br />Tünde Fülöp <br />Fredrik Höök <br />Thomas Nilsson <br />Timur Shegai </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Chemistry and Chemical Engineering </h2> <div>Bo Albinsson <br />Anette Larsson <br />Christian Müller <br />Magnus Skoglundh </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Mathematical Sciences </h2> <div>Klas Modin <br />Genkai Zhang </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Computer Science and Engineering </h2> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Fredrik Johansson​</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"></span>Moa Johansson <br />Paweł W. Woźniak </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Mechanics and Maritime Sciences </h2> <div>Gaetano Sardina </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Microtechnology and Nanoscience </h2> <div>Jan Grahn <br />Per Hyldgaard <br />Floriana Lombardi <br />Dag Winkler <br />Niklas Rorsman </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Technology Management and Economics </h2> <div>Andreas Mørkved Hellenes </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Communication and Learning in Science </h2> <div> Hans Malmström (two grants) </div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="" title="link to pdf">Downloadable list (in Swedish)​</a></div> <div><a href=";selectedSubject=all&amp;listStyle=list">Read more about the grants at the Swedish Research Council website​</a></div> ​​</div>Mon, 07 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0100 and security in focus for the new Assistant Professor<p><b>&quot;I am attracted by the open discussion climate and look forward to forming a new team in cryptography,&quot; says Elena Pagnin, one of Chalmers's 15 new research talents.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">For the fifth time, Chalmers has made a major investment in attracting sharp research talents from all corners of the world. The campaign was very successful; nearly 2,000 eligible people applied for the 15 positions as Assistant Professors.</span><div><div><br /></div> <div>&quot;It is extremely gratifying to see the large interest in Chalmers internationally and that so many research talents want to come to Chalmers to build their future career,&quot; says <b>Anders Palmqvist</b>, Vice President of Research.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Security a significant challenge</h3> <div>One of the 15 is <b>Elena Pagnin</b>, Assistant Professor with a focus on <a href="" title="link to wikipedia">cryptography</a>. Her position is linked to the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Area of Advance, and director <b>Erik Ström</b> welcomes her warmly:</div> <div>“Security, in a broad sense, is one of the major societal challenges of our time. With the recruitment of Elena, Chalmers' competence in cyber security, specifically in cryptography, is strengthened. I expect Elena to advance the research front in crypto as well as drive cross-disciplinary research on effective cryptographic solutions for security problems in e.g., transport, health and technology, production, and energy.”</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Loving the science</span></h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Elena Pagnin will work at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering (CSE), a familiar place since her time as a PhD student at Chalmers. After a few years as a postdoctoral researcher in Aarhus, Denmark, and Associate Senior Lecturer in Lund, she is looking forward to her new job:</span><br /></div> <div>&quot;I love cryptography and provable security. My primary focus will be on the design of digital signature schemes with advanced properties such as homomorphic signatures, extendable ring signatures, and signatures with flexible verification. I will also work on efficient and privacy-preserving protocols for concrete use cases including location proximity testing, server-aided data sharing, and secure data deduplication.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​A rising star</h3> <div>The Head of Department <span style="background-color:initial">of Computer Science and Engineering</span><span style="background-color:initial">, </span><b style="background-color:initial">Richard Torkar</b><span style="background-color:initial">, is thrilled that Elena accepted the offer to come back to Chalmers and create her own research group:</span></div> <span></span><div></div> <div>&quot;Dr Pagnin complements our cybersecurity environment well, and given her credentials, we expect her to succeed greatly in the years to come. I am personally convinced that one day she will become one of our brightest stars. I look forward to following her career in the years to come.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Open climate and visibility</h3> <div>Elena says that she was drawn back by the vibrant and lively environment at Chalmers and that there is an open climate for discussions about interdisciplinary research:</div> <div>&quot;People are positive and I appreciate the honest advice I get from the network. In addition, Chalmers' visibility, not only in Sweden but also internationally, is a bonus.&quot;</div> <div>&quot;And now, I look forward to establishing a new team of cryptographers in Sweden. We can do that, mainly because of the good cooperation within Chalmers and with our close contacts in the industrial sector,&quot; concludes Elena Pagnin.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="" target="_blank" title="link to Elenas personal webpage"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more </a></div> <div><br /></div> ​<br /></div> ​Wed, 19 Oct 2022 03:00:00 +0200 Chalmers projects receive KAW's project grants <p><b>​No less than four research projects at Chalmers are awarded SEK 109 million in project grants by the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation (KAW). The projects are evaluated to be of such high quality that they can lead to future scientific breakthroughs. ​</b></p><p class="chalmersElement-P">​<span>Out of a total of 23 research projects Associate Professor Elin Esbjörner, Professor Tünde Fülöp, Professor Christian Müller and Associate Professor Witlef Wieczorek from Chalmers are awarded grants. </span></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">These projects are, following an international evaluation process, considered to have such high scientific potential that they could lead to future scientific breakthroughs. </span></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">&quot;The evaluations are based entirely on international competitiveness and are carried out by a handful of prominent researchers in each project's research area. We are delighted to see that there are so many projects in Sweden that maintain this quality and that more and more women are able to step forward as research leaders,&quot; says Siv Andersson, responsible for basic research issues at the<a href=""> Foundation​</a>. </span></p> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span>Project: Nanochannel Microscopy for Single Exosome Analysis </span></h2> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Exosomes are ultrasmall biological packages that cells use to communicate. Exosomes are important for our bodies’ normal functions, but can also confer disease. This project aims to further our fundamental understanding of how exosomes mediate cell-cell communication. To accomplish this goal, new methodology is needed. </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">In this project, we will therefore develop new microscopy methods and chip-based technologies, using tiny channels and traps to capture and analyse individual exosomes from biological specimen or cell models. This will provide new possibilities to obtain detailed information about the composition and content of different exosome types, which, if tied to their discrete function may open entirely new possibilities for how to use exosomes as diagnostic tools and future therapeutics, especially in the area of targeted delivery of protein- and RNA-based drugs. </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Grant: </strong>SEK 29,100,000 over five years </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Principal investigator:</strong> Associate Professor <a href="/en/staff/Pages/Elin-Esbjörner-Winters.aspx">Elin Esbjörner</a>, Department of Biology and Biological Engineering </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Co-applicants in the project: </strong>Fredrik Westerlund and Christoph Langhammer (Chalmers), Samir EL Anadloussi (Karolinska Institutet) and Giovanni Volpe (Göteborgs universitet)</p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Project: Extreme Plasma Flares  </h2> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Plasma flares give rise to some of the most beautiful phenomena in the universe, such as the aurora borealis, but they can also cause damage to important technological infrastructure on ground or in space. However, it is still unknown what conditions are required to create eruptions with extremely strong energy flows. The project combines theoretical and experimental competences from both space and laboratory plasma physics to understand which combination of effects creates extreme flares. </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">A better understanding will lead to tools that can warn of such flares, so that sensitive equipment can be protected. But above all, the project will contribute to a basic understanding of some of the most fascinating phenomena in physics. </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Grant:</strong> SEK 26,200,000 over five years  </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Principal investigator: </strong>Professor <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Tünde-Fülöp.aspx">Tünde Fülöp</a>, Department of Physics </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Co-applicants in the project:</strong> István Pusztai from the same department, Andris Vaivads from KTH Royal Institute of Technology, and Yuri Khotyaintsev from the Swedish Institute of Space Physics. </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Project: Developing stable and sustainable organic semiconductors  </h2> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Orga</span><span style="background-color:initial">nic semiconductors can make the electronics we use more sustainable and provide us with new alternatives to silicon-based technology. This technology could be used in a lot of different areas and greatly improve our lives. For example, organic semiconductors can be used in bioelectronic sensors that can help us monitor our health and wellbeing. Other examples of urgent applications are technologies to capture energy such as organic solar cells. Both research and industry see great needs and opportunities in this area, provided that organic electronics can become more stable. </span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Within this project, the researchers will study doping of organic semiconductors. In particular, new insights related to glass-forming materials will be used to develop more stable organic electronics. </span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Grant</strong>: SEK 27,000,000 over five years  </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Principal investigator:</strong> Professor <a href="/en/staff/Pages/Christian-Müller.aspx">Christian Müller</a>,  Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chalmers   </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Co-applicants in the project: </strong>Anna Martinelli and Eva Olsson from Chalmers, Simone Fabiano and Mats Fahlman from Linköping University  </span></p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span>Project: Light strongly interacting with mechanical motion </span></h2> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Scientists use light as a tool to acquire information about objects. This is also the case when laser light is shined onto a mirror. The reflected light field contains information about the mirror’s position. This measurement scheme is for example used in gravitational wave detectors. The information about the mirror’s position can be vastly increased by capturing the light between two mirrors, in so-called cavity optomechanical systems. These systems not only enable measuring the position of the mirror very precisely, but also controlling its motion, even to its quantum mechanical ground state. This has fascinated scientists as it allows exploring the validity of quantum physical laws for larger objects. The next major challenge in this research field is to increase the interaction between light and the motion of the mirror until it is possible to create quantum mechanical states of the mirror directly. </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">The aim of this project is to reach the so-called nonlinear regime of quantum optomechanics in chip-based devices. Then, single light particles (photons) and the quantized motion of the mirror (phonons) are linked to each other in a controlled way. If one succeeds with this ambitious goal, one can, for instance, detect individual photons without destroying them and the quantum information that they carry. An important area of application of this ability lies in the field of quantum technology. For example, having access to the nonlinear regime could lead to the development of novel chip-based devices that can detect significantly smaller forces and displacements than what the most advanced technologies allow us to do today.<span> </span> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Grant: </strong>SEK 27,000,000 over five years </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Principal investigator:</strong> Associate Professor <a href="/en/staff/Pages/witlef-wieczorek.aspx">Witlef Wieczorek​</a>, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2)</p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Co-applicants in the project:</strong> Andreas Isacsson and Philippe Tassin (Physics) and Janine Splettstoesser (MC2), and encompasses Chalmers' expertise in experiment, theory, and artificial intelligence. </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Read more: </strong><a href="">KAW Research Projects 2022</a></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> ​</p>Fri, 14 Oct 2022 09:00:00 +0200 the mysteries of the universe under the skin of an atomic nucleus<p><b>​​Massive neutron stars colliding in space are thought to be able to create precious metals such as gold and platinum. The properties of these stars are still an enigma, but the answer may lie beneath the skin of one of the smallest building blocks on Earth – an atomic nucleus of lead. Getting the nucleus of the atom to reveal the secrets of the strong force that governs the interior of neutron stars has proven difficult. Now a new computer model from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, can provide answers.​</b></p><div>In a recently published <a href="">article in the scientific journal Nature Physics</a>, Chalmers researchers present a breakthrough in the calculation of the atomic nucleus of the heavy and stable element lead.</div> <div><br /></div> <div style="font-size:20px">The strong force plays the main role</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Despite the huge size difference between a microscopic atomic nucleus and a neutron star several kilometers in size, it is largely the same physics that governs their properties. The common denominator is the strong force that holds the particles – the protons and neutrons – together in an atomic nucleus. The same force also prevents a neutron star from collapsing. The strong force is fundamental in the universe, but it is difficult to include in computational models, not least when it comes to heavy neutron-rich atomic nuclei such as lead. Therefore, the researchers have wrestled with many unanswered questions in their challenging calculations.</div> <div><br /></div> <div style="font-size:20px">A reliable way to make calculations</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/Blandade%20dimensioner%20inne%20i%20artikel/Andreas%20Ekström.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Andreas Ekström" style="margin:5px" /><span style="background-color:initial">&quot;</span><span style="background-color:initial">To understand how the strong force works in neutron-rich matter, we need meaningful comparisons between theory and experiment. In addition to the observations made in laboratories and with telescopes, reliable theoretical simulations are therefore also needed. Our breakthrough means that we have been able to carry out such calculations for the heaviest stable element – lead,” says </span><strong style="background-color:initial">Andreas Ekström</strong><span style="background-color:initial">, Associate Professor at the Department of Physics at Chalmers and one of the main authors of the article.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The new computer model from Chalmers, developed together with colleagues in North America and England, now shows the way forward. It enables high precision predictions of properties for the isotope* lead-208 and its so-called ‘neutron skin’.</div> <div><br /></div> <div style="font-size:20px">The thickness of the skin matters</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/Blandade%20dimensioner%20inne%20i%20artikel/Christian%20Forssen.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Christian Forssén" style="margin:5px" />It is the 126 neutrons in the atomic nucleus that form an outer envelope, which can be described as a skin. How thick the skin is, is linked to the properties of the strong force. By predicting the thickness of the neutron skin, knowledge can increase about how the strong force works – both in atomic nuclei and in neutron stars.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;We predict that the neutron skin is surprisingly thin, which can provide new insights into the force between the neutrons. A groundbreaking aspect of our model is that it not only provides predictions, but also has the ability to assess theoretical margins of error. This is crucial for being able to make scientific progress,&quot; says research leader <strong>Christian Forssén</strong>, Professor at the Department of Physics at Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div style="font-size:20px">Model used for the spread of the coronavirus</div> <div><br /></div> <div>To develop the new computational model, the researchers have combined theories with existing data from experimental studies. The complex calculations have then been combined with a statistical method previously used to simulate the possible spread of the coronavirus.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>With the new model for lead, it is now possible to evaluate different assumptions about the strong force. The model also makes it possible to make predictions for other atomic nuclei, from the lightest to the heaviest.</div> <div>The breakthrough could lead to much more precise models of, for example, neutron stars and increased knowledge of how these are formed.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;The goal for us is to gain a greater understanding of how the strong force behaves in both neutron stars and atomic nuclei. It takes the research one step closer to understanding how, for example, gold and other elements could be created in neutron stars – and at the end of the day it is about understanding the universe,&quot; says Christian Forssén.</div> <div> </div> <div style="font-size:16px">More about the scientific study</div> <div><ul><li>The scientific article <a href="">&quot;Ab initio predictions link the neutron skin of 208Pb to nuclear forces&quot;</a> has been published in Nature Physics and is written by Baishan Hu, Weiguang Jiang, Takayuki Miyagi, Zhonghao Sun, Andreas Ekström, Christian Forssén, Gaute Hagen, Jason D. Holt, Thomas Papenbrock, S. Ragnar Stroberg and Ian Vernon.</li> <li>During the study, the researchers worked at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden, Durham University in the UK, University of Washington, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, University of Tennessee and Argonne National Laboratory in the USA and TRIUMF and McGill University in Canada.</li> <li>The research has been carried out using some of the world's most powerful supercomputers. The Chalmers researchers have mainly been funded by the Swedish Research Council and the European Research Council.</li> <li>Further reading about the research can also be found in a commentary article in Nature Physics; <a href="">A historic match for nuclei and neutron stars</a>.<br /></li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div>*Isotope: An isotope of an element is a variant with a specific number of neutrons. In this case, it is about the isotope lead-208 which has 126 neutrons (and 82 protons).</div> <div><br /></div> <div><div style="font-size:16px">For more information, please contact:</div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Andreas-Ekstrom.aspx">Andreas Ekström</a>, Associate Professor, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, +46 31 772 36 85,</div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/christian-forssen.aspx">Christian Forssén</a>, Professor, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, +46 31 772 32 61,</div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div>Text: Lisa Gahnertz and Mia Halleröd Palmgren</div> <div>​Illustration: JingChen | Chalmers tekniska högskola | Yen Strandqvist<br /></div> <div>Portrait pictures: Anna-Lena Lundquist</div></div> ​​Wed, 12 Oct 2022 07:00:00 +0200 Thesis Fair – New ideas, skills and valuable real-world experience<p><b>​On October 10 it´s time for the first Energy Master Thesis Fair at Chalmers University of Technology. ”We always want to make our research more relevant for the industry and society. Our main mission at Chalmers is to produce future talents that help the industry becomes more competitive and sustainable. Our young students bring new ideas and skillsets and in return they get valuable real-world experience”, says Sonia Yeh, Professor in Transport and Energy systems, and Vice Director of Chalmers Energy Area of Advance.</b></p><strong>​<img src="" alt="Sonia Yeh. Photo: Johan Bodell" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px;width:275px;height:275px" /></strong><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>“We have a total of 25 companies</strong> ranging from multi-national energy company’s like Hitachi Energy, Ericsson, Fortum, Volvo Penta, and DNV – Maritime, local regional companies specializing in power cells, hydropower, and renewable energy, and our research partners like IVL and RISE”, says Sonia Yeh.<br /></span><div><br /></div> <div><div>“We are very pleased to see such high interest from companies wanting to work with our students. We will also encourage our community of energy researchers to participate in supervision that will translate practical problems into high quality theses”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>There are more than 300 students signed up already from almost every Master Thesis Program at Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What can we expect from the day?</strong></div> <div>Some companies are open to ideas suggested by students, and some already come with concrete projects. It´s a great opportunity for students to meet company representatives to learn more about the companies and discuss these ideas. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Is it still possible for the students to sign up to the fair?</strong></div> <div>“Yes, they can still sign up online. We hope this initiative will help build a strong energy research and education community around the Master theses”, says Sonia Yeh.</div></div> <div></div> <div><br /></div> <span style="background-color:initial"><strong>More info:<br /></strong></span><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/calendar/Pages/Master-Thesis-Fair-Energy--.aspx" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="" alt="" />Register for the fair​</a><br /><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="" alt="" />Read more about the event</a><span style="background-color:initial"><strong><br /></strong></span>Mon, 03 Oct 2022 12:00:00 +0200 from Chalmers heading for Silicon Valley<p><b>​Every year the Swedish innovation agency Vinnova selects research projects for the exclusive incubator program Reach with focus on technology relevant for the ecosystem in Silicon Valley and with the potential to be commercialised. This year, two of the ten selected projects are based on research at Chalmers.   </b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The research projects from Chalmers are both about innovations that can contribute in developing new medicines and vaccines. In order for the discoveries to be utilised and commercialised, they are further developed by the startup companies LanteRNA and Envue Technologies. The Swedish projects chosen for Reach are selected from the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences &quot;IVA 100 list&quot; and have already been carefully reviewed.  </span><div><br /></div> <div>Below, the researchers comment on how being selected to Reach will affect their projects.   </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Marcus Wilhelmsson</strong>, Professor at the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and <strong>Elin Esbjörner</strong>, Associate Professor at the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, about the research project and startup LanteRNA:   </div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;We are excited that our academic research from which these ideas originate is now receiving an additional push forward and coaching to become an important tool for drug developers worldwide by shortening lead times for new RNA-based medicines. It shows how important it is for academic research to be ready for new societal challenges, such as a pandemic. The program will help us understand the demands today and in the future from stakeholders where our technologies can be used and thus lead to new academic research projects that can hopefully help solve the next issue in industry and society.&quot; </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Read more about the research: <span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/departments/chem/news/Pages/Breakthrough-fortracking-RNA-with-fluorescence-.aspx">Breakthrough for tracking RNA with fluorescence</a></span></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Christoph Langhammer</strong>, Full Professor at the Department of Physics, about the research project and startup Envue Technologies: </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“First of all, this means that we’ve got a good receipt on the relevance of our research and its utilisation potential, which we are of course very happy about. Not the least since the results originate from a project that has had a rather large extent of focus on fundamental research. That tells us once again how import fundamental research is if you want to make new discoveries. Another aspect of what the utilisation in general and the Reach program in particular means for our research is that we can build networks of stakeholders for our technique beyond the purely academic world, which will lead me to new research ideas that I wouldn’t have thought of otherwise.” </div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Read more about the research:​ </span><a href="/en/departments/physics/news/Pages/Nanochannels-light-the-way-towards-new-medicine.aspx">Nanochannels light the way towards new medicine</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="">Read the press release from the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (in Swedish</a>)  </div> <div> </div>Wed, 28 Sep 2022 15:00:00 +0200 year's Tandem Webinars<p><b>​Here you will find 2022 all Tandem Webinars. All the webinars can be watched afterwards via Chalmers Play. ​</b></p><div></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><b>Upcoming webinars:</b></span></div> <div><b><br /></b><span style="background-color:initial"><b></b><div><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">2 February, 2023. TANDEM SEMINAR</span><span style="background-color:initial">:</span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700"> </span><b>Material recycling –  possibilities, shortcomings and policy instruments<br /></b><strong>Focus: </strong><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Metal recycling.</strong></span></div> <span></span><div>Welcome to a webinar with Christer Forsgren, Consultant in Industrial Recycling and Christian Ekberg, Prof. Energy and Material, Industrial Materials Recycling and Nuclear Chemistry. <br /><strong>Moderator:</strong> Leif Asp.<br /><strong>Time:</strong> 12:00-13:00<br /><strong>Place:</strong> Online, platform Zoom.<br /><br /><a href="" style="outline:0px;font-size:16px"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" /></a><a href="" style="font-size:16px"><div style="display:inline !important">Register to the webinar</div></a><br /><br />December, 2022 TBA</div> <br /><b>Wat</b></span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">ch 2022 year´s seminars on Chalmers Play</span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">:<br /></span>5 October: <span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">TANDEM SEMINAR</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">– </span><a href=""><span style="background-color:initial">M</span><span style="background-color:initial">etallic nanoalloys for next generation optical hydrogen sensors</span></a></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Welcome to Professor Christoph Langhammer and Lars Bannenberg´s Tandem webinar. Hydrogen: clean &amp; renewable energy carrier, with water as the only emission. But it is highly flammable when mixed with air. Very efficient and effective sensors are needed.​ <br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Watch the webinar on Chalmers Play</a></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">8 September: </span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">TANDEM SEMINAR</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">– </span><span style="background-color:initial"><b>New Insulation Materials for High Voltage Power Cables<br /></b>In this webinar two hot topics are covered by Christian Müller, Professor at the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, and Per-Ola Hagstrand,  Expert at Borealis Innovation Centre. Adjunct Professor at Applied Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><span></span><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Watch the webinar on Chalmers Play​</a>​<br /><br /><br /></span><div><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">11 April</span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">: </span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">TANDEM SEMINAR</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="font-weight:700;background-color:initial">– </span><span style="background-color:initial"><b>Perspectives on cellulose nanocrystals<br /></b></span><span style="font-size:16px">In this tandem webinar</span><span style="font-size:16px;background-color:initial"> </span><span style="font-size:16px">we have two hot topics dedicated to Cellulose nanocrystals: Cellulose nanocrystals in simple and not so simple flows &amp; Using liquid crystal phase separation to fractionate cellulose nanocrystals.</span><br /></div> <div><a href="" style="outline:0px"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Watch the webinar on Chalmers Play</a><div><br /></div> <div><div><span style="font-weight:700">Program:</span></div> <div><ul><li>Moderator: Leif Asp, Co-Director Chalmers Area of Advance Materials Science</li> <li>C<span style="background-color:initial">ellulose nanocrystals in simple and not so simple flows, <a href="/en/staff/Pages/roland-kadar.aspx">Roland Kádár</a>, Associate Professor, Chalmers University of Technology.</span></li> <li>U<span style="background-color:initial">sing liquid crystal phase separation to fractionate cellulose nanocrystals.<a href=""> Jan Lagerwall</a>, Professor at the Physics &amp; Materials Science Research Unit in the University of Luxembourg.</span> </li></ul></div></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="font-weight:700;background-color:initial">30 May: </span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">TANDEM SEMINAR</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700">– </span><b><span></span>Lipid nanoparticles for mRNA delivery</b><br /><span style="background-color:initial"><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Watch the webinar on Chalmers Play</a><br />Organizer: Chalmers Area of Advance Mater</span><span style="background-color:initial">ials Science.<br /></span>The role of supramolecular lipid self assembly and protein corona formation for functional mRNA delivery to cells. Two hot topics will be covered by Elin Esbjörner and Fredrik Höök​.<br /><div><br /></div> <div><ul><li>Moderator: Maria Abrahamsson, Director of Materials Science Area of Advance </li> <li><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Fredrik-Höök.aspx">Fredrik Höök</a>, <em>Professor, Nano and Biophysics, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology</em>.</li> <li><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Elin-Esbjörner-Winters.aspx">Elin Esbjörner</a>, </span><i>Associate Professor, Biology and Biological Engineering, Chemical Biology, Chalmers University of Technology.</i></li></ul></div></div> <div> <div><strong>Read more:</strong></div></div></div> <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/materials/news/Pages/2021-tandem-seminars.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />2021 year's Tandem Webinars</a>​.​Tue, 27 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0200 welcomed new professors<p><b>​On 23 September it was time for Chalmers' professorial inauguration in Runan. The professors started their activities at Chalmers on 1 July 2020 until 30 June 2022.​</b></p>​<span style="font-size:14px"><span style="background-color:initial">The professor installation is an old tradition at Chalmers and an important part of welcoming new professors while spreading information about the subject areas in which the professors work.</span></span><div><span style="font-size:14px">A total of 22 professors were installed during the evening. At the same time, artistic professors, adjunct professors, visiting professors, affiliated professors, and research professors were also presented.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>There is also an increase in the number of female professors</strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">&quot;It is with pleasure that I can state that we are slowly equalizing the gender balance at the professorial level. This year, 32 percent of the installed professors are women, and the proportion of women in Chalmers' professors' college has increased to around 18 percent,&quot; says Stefan Bengtsson, Principal at Chalmers.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Conference speaker Philip Wramsby welcomed and guided the guests during the evening. Both the rector and union chairman Isac Stark gave speeches. Newly installed professor Maria Abrahamsson gave a speech in physical chemistry. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">The entertainment was provided by Duratrion and the Chalmers choir. After the ceremony, a dinner was held at Kårrestaurangen where all participants' families and friends could celebrate together with the new professors. </span><span style="background-color:initial">S</span><span style="background-color:initial">ince 1959, Chalmers alumnus and composer Jan Johansson's work &quot;Life is beautiful&quot; has traditionally opened all Chalmers sessions. Due to associations with Russia and the war in Ukraine, it has been replaced with &quot;Here comes Pippi Longstocking&quot;, another famous piece by Jan Johansson. During the dinner, Professor Àrni Halldòrsson gave a speech. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"></span><span></span><div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>The professors presented:</strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Maria Abrahamsson, Physical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mohammad Al-Emrani, Steel and timber structures, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Derek Creaser, Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Isabelle Doucet, Theory and History of Architecture, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Marco Dozza, Active Safety and road-user behavior, Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Maria Elmquist, Innovation Management, Department of Technology Management and Economics.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Jonas Fredriksson, Mechatronics, Department of Electrical engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Ida Gremyr, Quality Management, Department of Technology Management and Economics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Àrni Halldòrsson, supply chain management, Department of Technology Management and Economics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Eduard Hryha, Powder Metallurgy, and Additive Manufacturing, Department Industrial and materials science.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Ann-Margret Hvitt Strömvall, Environmental, and Urban Water Engineering, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Christoph Langhammer, Physics, Department of Physics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mats Lundqvist, Entrepreneurship Didactics, Department of Technology Management and Economics.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Max Jair Ortiz Catalán, Bionics, Department of Electrical Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Angela Sasic Kalagasidis, Building Physics, Department of Education, Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Elsebeth Schröder, Theoretical Physics, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Ioannis Sourdis, Computer Engineering, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Lennart Svensson, Signal Processing, Department of Electrical engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Fredrik Westerlund, Chemical Biology, Department of Biology and Biological Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mikael Wiberg, Interaction Design, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Torsten Wik, Automatic Control, Department of Electrical engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Britt-Marie Wilén, Environmental and Wastewater Engineering, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>Artistic professors:</strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Anna-Johanna Klasander, Urban Design, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>Adjunct professors:</strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Morgan Andersson, Architecture for Living and Care, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Helmi Attia, Monitoring and control of manufacturing processes, Department of Industrial and Materials Science.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mingquan Bao, Microwave Electronics, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mikael Coldrey, Communication systems, Department of Electrical Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Ola Engqvist, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning based Drug Design, Department of Computer Science and Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Hilda Esping Nordblom, Housing Architecture, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Rikard Fredriksson, Integrated vehicle and Road Safety, Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Renaud Gutkin, Computational mechanics of polymer materials, Department of Industrial and Materials Science.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Karin Karlfeldt Fedje, Sustainable engineering of contaminated material, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Daniel Karlsson, Electric Power System, Department of Electrical Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Jenny Larfeldt, Energy Conversion, Department of Space, Earth, and Environment. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Marie Larsson, Architecture and Care, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mikael Lind, Maritime Informatics, Department of Mechanics, and Maritime Sciences. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Nils Lübbe, Vehicle Safety Analysis, Department of Mechanics, and Maritime Sciences. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Henrik Magnusson, Architecture and Care, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Anders Puranen, Nuclear Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>Guest professors: </strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Simone Fischer-Hübner, Computer Science, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Steven A. Gabriel, Mechanical Engineering, Department of Space, Earth, and Environment.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Michael Kokkolaras, Construction optimization, Department of Industrial and Materials Science.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Åsa Lindholm Dahlstrand, Innovation Studies, Department of Technology Management and Economics.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Doina Petrescu, Urban design and planning, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Christopher Robeller, digital timber design, and production, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>Affiliated professors:</strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">David Bennet, Operations Management, Department of Technology management and economics.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Anna Kadefors, Technology Management, Department of Technology Management and Economics.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Mihály Kovács, Mathematics, Department of Mathematical Sciences. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Ermin Malic, Physics, Department of Physics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Vincenzo Palermo, Graphene Research, Department of Industrial and Materials Science.</span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Ulf Petrusson, Entrepreneurship and Strategy, Department of Technology Management and Economics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Finn Wynstra, Supply and Operations Management, Department of Technology Management and Economics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><strong>Research professors:</strong></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Paolo Falcone, Mechatronics, Department of Electrical engineering. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Bengt Johansson, Internal Combustion Engine Technology, Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Tomas Kåberger, Industrial Energy Policy, Technology Management, and Economics. </span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">Verena Siewers, Microbial Synthetic Biology, Department of Biology and Biological Engineering. </span></div></div>Tue, 27 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0200“Most of my research has focused on things that could be useful for others"<p><b>​​Ferenc Mezei has made several ground-breaking discoveries in neutron physics. For this he is awarded the 2021 Lise Meitner Prize.“It is certainly a great part of the satisfaction that knowledgeable people find one’s work also of some use. I think distinguished awards like this one always tend to primarily appreciate the value for general use, which is a very crucial part of the recognition,” he says.</b></p><div><strong>Ferenc Mezei</strong> is awarded for inventing the neutron spin echo method, the concept of the so-called super mirror, as well as the long pulse neutron source concept. All are ground-breaking discoveries that have moved neutron research forward and improved the speed and accuracy of neutron-based materials investigation methods. Among other things, his research is the basis for the technical design of the large-scale research facility European Spallation Source (ESS) which is now being built in Lund, where he was also technical coordinator until recently.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div style="font-size:16px"><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Research is like solving challenging problems</strong></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Currently, Professor Mezei is in the frontline of the development of a new type of intense accelerator-driven </span><br /></div> <div>compact neutron sources. Research is to be equated with solving challenging problems, he believes, and this is also one of his driving forces. Another one is the benefit of his research.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Most of my research has focused on things that could be useful for others. In my opinion it has to be like that, if one spends a substantial amount of money. The challenge and satisfaction include the conviction of “money well spent”. Developing more powerful or simpler experimental techniques is something that by its fundamental nature is motivated by the use others will make of it. Of course, it was also a drive to be one the first users of these instrumental developments,” says Ferenc Mezei.</div> <span style="font-size:16px"> </span><div><br /></div> <div>Ferenc Mezei, born in 1942 in Budapest, Hungary, is ordinary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in Budapest and Adjunct professor of Physics, University of California San Diego. He has also been Professor of Physics in joint appointment by TU Berlin and Hahn-Meitner Institute, Berlin. He also worked extended periods of time in neutron research laboratories at Central Research Institute of Physics in Budapest, at Institut Laue-Langevin in Grenoble and Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="font-size:16px;font-weight:700;background-color:initial">Economy of neutron research​</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="font-size:16px;font-weight:700;background-color:initial"></span>During the award ceremony, Ferenc Mezei will give a talk titled “The economy of neutron research”. In what way is economy connected to neutrons?</div> <div><br /></div> <div>”Neutrons are inherently expensive to produce. On one hand, the economy concerns these costs. On the other hand, neutron research primarily hinges on improving our capability of making best economy of the neutrons we can produce. Much of my research addressed this aspect. A further important aspect is the role of neutron beams can play in the economy in broader sense.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>When he is now awarded a prize that bears Lise Meitner's name, it is with her important research work in mind.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Lise Meitner’s work fundamentally shaped history. One aspect of this is that she had to face multiple difficulties, tough conditions, and discriminations. Her elegance of handling all that is also admirable.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Lisa Gahnertz</div> ​​​Tue, 06 Sep 2022 15:00:00 +0200 sheds light on what happens in a trillionth of a second<p><b>​What really happens in a billionth of a billionth of a second? That is what professor Anne L'Huillier at Lund University has devoted her research career to shed light on, and for her discoveries she is now rewarded with the 2020 Lise Meitner Award.“It means a lot to me. Lise Meitner is a strong female role model, something that is very important when you are a woman and conduct your research within a subject dominated by men,&quot; she says.</b></p><div>​An attosecond is a trillionth of a second, and it is around laser pulses on that time scale that Professor Anne L'Huillier's research revolves. She has been at the forefront of research into ultrafast lasers for more than 30 years, and it is for those achievements and for paving the way for that research that she is now being awarded the Lise Meitner Award.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;It feels great that my research is being recognised in my new home country Sweden,&quot; she says.</div> <div> </div> <div>Born in France, Anne L'Huillier has links to Sweden that go way back. In the mid-80s, she did a postdoc at Chalmers, and worked with professor Göran Wendin.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;It was a very rewarding period for me, and it has come to play a big role in my career,&quot; she says.</div> <div> </div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Laid the foundation for attosecond research</h2></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div>After some time back in France, she ended up at Lund University in the mid-90s, and for many years she has led a research group in atomic physics that studies the motion of electrons with the help of attosecond pulses. Her research group has helped lay the foundation for attosecond research, and enabled physicists and chemists to visualize the movement patterns of valence electrons. </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>In later years, she has also become one of several research leaders in the quantum computer project WACQT, organized by Chalmers University of Technology, where she once again has worked with Göran Wendin.</div> <div> </div> <div>The lecture that Anne L'Huillier will give at the award ceremony is called &quot;What happens in a billionth of a billionth of a second?&quot; and concerns the ultra-short light pulses that her research group uses to study rapid processes and the movement of electrons in matter.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;What drives me as a researcher is learning,&quot; she says. “To still be able to learn new things all the time is very exciting. And to then be able to teach what I've learned is also very rewarding. In addition, it is very exciting when my research comes into use for science and for our society.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Robert Karlsson</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/centres/gpc/activities/lisemeitner/Pages/default.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about the Lise Meitner award</a><br /></div>Tue, 06 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0200 physicists praised at Chalmers<p><b>​​After a two-year hiatus, it is time again to hand out Gothenburg's Lise Meitner Prize, an annual award to a researcher who has made a breakthrough in physics. At the ceremony on September 8, the 2020 and 2021 awards will be presented, for advances in ultrafast laser technology and neutron supermirrors.– Lise Meitner was an outstanding physicist with a fascinating life. This award is a tribute both to her and to the researchers who have followed in her footsteps and made new ground-breaking discoveries in physics. This year's award ceremony is special because we get the opportunity to pay tribute to two exceptional award winners, says Carina Persson, chairman of the award committee.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Gothenburg's Lise Meitner Prize has been awarded annually since 2006 to an outstanding physicist, in memory of</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial">Lise Meitner, a nuclear physicist who fled to Sweden from Germany in 1938 and subsequently one of the world's most prominent in her field. The prize is awarded by Gothenburg's Physics Centre, a collaboration of four departments at Chalmers and Gothenburg University, to pay tribute to researchers, but also to enrich the research environments and networks in Gothenburg through joint activities.</span><div>Due to the pandemic, the laureates for 2020 and 2021 will be recognized at the ceremony on September 8-9: Anne L'Huillier, professor at Lund University, and Ferenc Mezei, professor at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in Budapest who also has a connection to Lund, where until recently he been technical coordinator for one of Sweden's largest research facilities, the European Spallation Source project. <a href="/en/centres/gpc/activities/lisemeitner/Pages/default.aspx"><span>Read more about the award winners and their research</span>.​</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Both laureates will give a speech at the award ceremony on September 8, and a symposium will be held in their honor on September 9, where researchers from several Swedish universities will present current research related to the laureates' fields.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>- It will be very exciting to listen to the prize winners' talks about how they made their discoveries, but it will also be an excellent opportunity for us who do research at Chalmers and Gothenburg universities to broaden our collaborations with outstanding researchers at other Swedish universities, says Carina Person.</div> <div><a href="/en/centres/gpc/calendar/Pages/default.aspx">Read more about the planned activities on September 8 and 9 in the calendar</a>.</div> <div><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Gothenburg Physics C​​entre</h3> <div>is a collaboration between four departments: Physics, Space, Earth and Environmental Sciences and Microtechnology and Nanoscience at Chalmers University of Technology, as well as the Department of Physics at the University of Gothenburg. The center includes approximately 200 professors, 120 doctoral students and 550 students. The overall goal of the Physics Center is to promote the subject of physics in Gothenburg through a range of different activities.</div> <div>​<br /></div>Tue, 30 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0200 are the Future Research Leaders<p><b>​No less than six Chalmers researchers were accepted when the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research, SSF, appointed Future Research Leaders. </b></p><div>​The goal of the program is to give newly established researchers with the highest scientific and pedagogical competence the opportunity to develop as research leaders. Ahmed Ali-Eldin Hassan, <span>Johan Bengtsson-Palme, <span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>Raphaël Frank J Van Laer, <span>Anton Frisk Kockum, <span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><span>Alexander Hollberg<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> and Julia Wiktor are the six Chalmers researchers who qualified among the 16 young researchers who now receive 15 million each for independent research. SSF's assessment is that they are expected to be able to lead even larger research groups in the future, and they will therefore participate in a comprehensive leadership program.  <br /></div> <div><div> </div> <div><strong><a href="/en/staff/Pages/ahmh.aspx">Ahmed Ali-Eldin Hassan</a></strong>, Assistant Professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, receives funding for the research project Edge Optimization: Operating Systems &amp; Software on the Edge. The project focuses on building a new operating system for latency critical next generation applications such as autonomous vehicles to make use of edge, cloud and local compute resources with performance guarantees.<span style="display:inline-block"></span></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/johan-bengtsson-palme.aspx" target="_blank" title="">Johan Bengtsson-Palme</a></strong>, Assistant Professor at the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering since May 2022, receives funding for the research project Predicting future pathogenicity and antibiotic resistance. The aim of the project is finding out what mechanisms cause bacterial pathogenicity and antibiotic resistance. The researchers want to use this knowledge to understand which genes may pose a threat to human health in the future.    <span><strong><a href="/en/staff/Pages/raphael-van-laer.aspx"><br /><br />Raphaël Frank J Van Laer</a></strong>, Assistant Professor at the Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, receives funding for the research project Attojoule-per-bit acousto-optics. The long-term goal of the project is to help extend Moore's law with light and sound by reducing the energy footprint of chip-scale photonics and quantum technology.   </span><strong></strong><br /></p> <strong></strong><p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Anton-Frisk-Kockum.aspx"><br />Anton Frisk Kockum</a></strong>, Researcher at the Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, receives funding for the research project Quantum simulation and communication with giant atoms. The main goal of the project is to construct efficient and useful simulations of quantum systems (e.g., molecules) that interact with a surrounding environment.<strong><br /><br /><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Alexander-Hollberg,-Arkitektur-och-samhallsbyggnadsteknik-.aspx">Alexander Hollberg</a></strong>, Assistant Professor at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, receives funding for the research project Digital material inventories for sustainable urban mining. The main goal of this project is to develop a method for creating urban construction material inventories based on digital twins and machine learning, to support stakeholder to reuse and recycle materials. <strong><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Julia-Wiktor.aspx"><br /><br />Julia Wiktor</a></strong>, Assistant Professor at the Department of Physics, receives funding for the research project Ab Initio Description of Complete Semiconductor Devices. The project’s aim is to couple accurate but computationally expensive quantum mechanical modelling methods with emerging artificial neural network models to be able to efficiently model materials and interfaces that constitute semiconductor micro- and nanodevices.  </p> <div><br /></div> <div>More information about the call and what the appointment entails can be found on the <a href="" title="SSF" target="_blank">SSF web.</a><br /></div></div>Tue, 21 Jun 2022 14:00:00 +0200 light the way towards new medicine<p><b>​To develop new drugs and vaccines, detailed knowledge about nature’s smallest biological building blocks – the biomolecules – is required. Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, are now presenting a groundbreaking microscopy technique that allows proteins, DNA and other tiny biological particles to be studied in their natural state in a completely new way.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">A great deal of time and money is required when developing medicines and vaccines. It is therefore crucial to be able to streamline the work by studying how, for example, individual proteins behave and interact with one another. The new microscopy method from Chalmers can enable the most promising candidates to be found at an earlier stage. The technique also has the potential for use in conducting research into the way cells communicate with one another by secreting molecules and other biological nanoparticles. These processes play an important role in our immune response, for example. </span><div><br /></div> <div style="font-size:16px"><strong>Revealing its silhouette </strong></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Biomolecules are both small and elusive, but vital since they are the building blocks of everything living. In order to get them to reveal their secrets using optical microscopy, researchers currently need to either mark them with a fluorescent label or attach them to a surface.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/Blandade%20dimensioner%20inne%20i%20artikel/Christoph%20Langhammer_320.jpg" alt="Christoph Langhammer" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px;width:200px;height:195px" />“With current methods you can never quite be sure that the labelling or the surface to which the molecule is attached does not affect the molecule’s properties. With the aid of our technology, which does not require anything like that, it shows its completely natural silhouette, or optical signature, which means that we can analyse the molecule just as it is,” says research leader <strong>Christoph Langhammer</strong>, professor at the Department of Physics at Chalmers. He has developed the new method together with researchers in both physics and biology at Chalmers and the University of Gothenburg. </span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The unique microscopy method is based on those molecules or particles that the researchers want to study being flushed through a chip containing tiny nano-sized tubes, known as nanochannels. A test fluid is added to the chip which is then illuminated with visible light. The interaction that then occurs between the light, the molecule and the small fluid-filled channels makes the molecule inside show up as a dark shadow and it can be seen on the screen connected to the microscope. By studying it, researchers can not only see but also determine the mass and size of the biomolecule, and obtain indirect information about its shape – something that was not previously possible with a single technique.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div style="font-size:16px"><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Acclaimed innovation</strong></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The new technique, nanofluidic scattering microscopy, was recently presented in the scientific journal Nature Methods. The Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, which every year lists a number of research projects with the potential to change the world and provide real benefits, has also paid tribute to the progress made. The innovation has also taken a step out into society through the start-up company Envue Technologies, which was awarded the “Game Changer” prize in this year’s Venture Cup competition in Western Sweden.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/Blandade%20dimensioner%20inne%20i%20artikel/barboraspackova-321x366_fotograf%20Aykut%20Argun.jpg" alt="Barbora Spackova" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:0px 5px;width:200px;height:228px" />“Our method makes the work more efficient, for example when you need to study the contents of a sample, but don’t know in advance what it contains and thus what needs to be marked,” says researcher <strong>Barbora Špačková</strong>, who during her time at Chalmers derived the theoretical basis for the new technique and then also </span><span style="background-color:initial">conducted the first experimental study with the technology​.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The researchers are now continuing to optimise the design of the nanochannels in order to find even smaller molecules and particles that are not yet visible today.  </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“</span><span style="background-color:initial">The aim is to further hone our technique so that it can help to increase our basic understanding of how life works, and contribute to making the development of the next generation medicines more efficient” says Langhammer.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>More about the scientific article and the research:</strong></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><ul><li><span style="background-color:initial">The article </span><a href="" style="outline:0px">Label-Free Nanofluidic Scattering Microscopy of Size and Mass of Single Diffusing Molecules and Nanoparticles</a><span style="background-color:initial"> was published in Nature Methods, and was written by Barbora Špačková, Henrik Klein Moberg, Joachim Fritzsche, Johan Tenghamn, Gustaf Sjösten, Hana Šípová-Jungová, David Albinsson, Quentin Lubart, Daniel van Leeuwen, Fredrik Westerlund, Daniel Midtvedt, Elin K. Esbjörner, Mikael Käll, Giovanni Volpe and Christoph Langhammer. The researchers are active at Chalmers and the University of Gothenburg. Barbora Špačková is currently starting up her own research group at the Czech Academy of Sciences in Prague.</span></li></ul></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><ul><li><span style="background-color:initial">The research has been mainly funded by the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research, as well as by the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation. Part of the research was conducted at the Chalmers Nanofabrication Laboratory at the Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2) and under the umbrella of the Chalmers Excellence Initiative Nano.</span></li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>How the technique works:</strong></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/750x340/Toppbild_ENG_Mikroskopet%20som%20kan%20visa%20genva╠êgen%20till%20ny%20medicin_750x340px.jpg" alt="New microscopy method" style="margin:5px;width:600px;height:269px" /><br /><br /><ul><li><span style="background-color:initial">The molecules or particles that the researchers want to study are placed in a chip containing tiny nano-sized tubes, nanochannels, that are filled with test fluid. </span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The chip is secured in a specially adapted optical dark-field microscope and illuminated with visible light. </span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">On the screen that shows what can be seen in the microscope, the molecule appears as a dark shadow moving freely inside the nanochannel. This is due to the fact that the light interacts with both the channel and the biomolecule. The interference effect that then arises significantly enhances the molecule’s optical signature by weakening the light just at the point where the molecule is located. </span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">The smaller the nanochannel, the greater the amplification effect and the smaller the molecules that can be seen. </span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial">With this technique it is currently possible to analyse biomolecules from a molecular weight of around 60 kilodaltons and upwards. It is also possible to study larger biological particles, such as extracellular vesicles and lipoproteins, as well as inorganic nanoparticles.</span></li></ul></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href=""><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/Blandade%20dimensioner%20inne%20i%20artikel/NSM_technique.png" alt="Video" style="margin:5px;width:500px;height:138px" /></a><br /><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Video</strong>: <a href="">Watch a video from the microscope​</a>, showing a biomolecule inside a nanochannel. It shows up as a dark shadow and it can be seen on the screen connected to the microscope. By studying it, researchers can not only see but also determine the mass and size of the biomolecule, and obtain indirect information about its shape – something that was not previously possible with a single technique.<br /></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>For more information, contact: </strong></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Christoph-Langhammer.aspx">Christoph Langhammer</a>, Professor, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology<br />+46 31 772 33 31, </span><a href="">​</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Lisa Gahnertz and Mia Halleröd Palmgren<br />Photo/illustration: ​<span style="background-color:initial">Maja Saaranen/Envue Technologies (photo collage), </span><span style="background-color:initial">Yen Strandqvist/ Chalmers University pf Technology and Daniel Spacek/ Neuroncollective (illustration),</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial">Anna-Lena Lundqvist (portrait picture of Langhammer), Aykut Argun (portrait picture of </span><span style="background-color:initial">Špačková).</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> ​Thu, 16 Jun 2022 07:00:00 +0200