News: Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Sjöfart och marin teknik, Tillämpad mekanikhttp://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterNews related to Chalmers University of TechnologyThu, 18 Jun 2020 10:15:17 +0200http://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Safety-system-that-understands-human-behavior-will-save-cyclists.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Safety-system-that-understands-human-behavior-will-save-cyclists.aspxSafety system that understands human behavior will save cyclists<p><b>​In the project MICA, sponsored by FFI, researchers from Chalmers have investigated the interaction among cyclists and vehicles. They have developed a smart safety system that could reduce the number of fatal accidents in traffic with cyclists involved by up to 96 percent.</b></p><p>​The smart safety system continuously predicts what a driver should do to overtake a cyclist safely. The system acts when it sees a mismatch between what the driver does and what she or he should be doing. By collecting data from a test track, researchers have investigated how different factors affect behaviour in overtaking manoeuvres with oncoming traffic. Based on the data, the researchers have modelled how vehicles approach cyclists and integrated the models in frontal collision warnings and automatic emergency braking systems. The safety benefits from the systems have been evaluated through virtual simulation. </p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">“The smart collision warning alone promises a reduction of cyclists fatalities by 53-96 percent and a reduction of cyclists serious injuries by 43-93 percent” says Marco Dozza, professor at the Division of Vehicle Safety. </span></p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span>Supports the Swedish car industry</span></h2> <p>The research results support the Swedish car industry in maintaining its world-leading role in designing advanced solutions for active safety. The models developed in the project can predict the driver's intention when approaching a cyclist from behind to perform an overtaking. These models can be integrated with existing systems and provide input on how an automated vehicle should safely and comfortably overtake a cyclist. </p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">&quot;Our research supports the development of safety systems that can help a driver or an automated vehicle interact with cyclists safely. We have taken the driver models from a TRL level of 1-2 to a TRL level of 5 for this scenario&quot; says Marco Dozza. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">TRL, Technology Readiness Level is a designation for a technology's maturity and associated technological risk. In research-intensive activities, technology maturity levels are used to confirm what activities are needed to implement the research results in new products/processes. TRL 5 means that the system is validated in a relevant environment. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">The research results may also affect test scenarios for Euro NCAP that provide consumer information on the safety of new cars. The goal of the Euro NCAP is a safer traffic environment, as well as fewer injuries in connection with accidents. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">The MICA2 project has already been granted and will expand MICA, developing new active and passive safety systems that can support a driver during all phases of an overtaking manoeuvre. </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.saferresearch.com/events/welcome-safer-seminar-mica-1-modelling-interaction-between-cyclists-and-automobile">On June 17, the research results will be presented at a seminar via Zoom​</a><span style="background-color:initial">. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600"><br /></span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600">Videos from data collection in the project</span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="https://youtu.be/AixQ189hMi4">Flying overtaking with oncoming traffic (inside view)​ </a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="https://youtu.be/GSVPrXSHLSI">Accelerative overtaking with oncoming traffic (outside view)​​</a><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="https://youtu.be/W1O2E0vYhCY">Flying overtaking with oncoming traffic (outside view)​</a><br /></p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Project webite</span></h3> <div><span><span></span><a href="/en/projects/Pages/MICA---Modelling-Interaction-between-Cyclists-and-Automobiles.aspx">MICA - Modelling Interaction between Cyclists and Automobiles</a><br /></span></div>Fri, 12 Jun 2020 09:30:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/New-project-will-address-sustainable-ocean-energy.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/New-project-will-address-sustainable-ocean-energy.aspxNew project will address sustainable ocean energy<p><b>​The 24-month SEASNAKE project will address ocean energy affordability, survivability, reliability and installation of Medium Voltage cable systems. Chalmers will support the project with simulations of the dynamic behaviour of the cable. Through simulation, testing and demonstration the project aims to reduce capital and installation costs by up to 20 %.</b></p>​An ocean energy array of 100 MW is likely to have several hundreds of units in operation. Collecting the electricity produced in hubs and substations requires a huge amount of array cables and subsequently on higher voltage levels export cables. This is necessary to ensure that as little energy as possible is lost during transmission over long distances to feed green energy to the grid. <div><br /></div> <div>All the electricity converted by each unit will be transmitted to the hub/ substation via medium-voltage cables that are exposed to constant loads and risk and present a highly critical component. The effects of maintaining cables of over a hundred units in a single array will be a challenge both in terms of material cost and maintenance logistics, impacting the Levelized costs of energy (LCoE) severely. Marine growth has a direct impact on the loads that the cable and accessories are exposed to. </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span>Chalmers will support the project with simulations</span><span>​</span></h2> <div><span style="background-color:initial">By introdu</span><span style="background-color:initial">cing environmentally friendly coatings based on I-Tech’s biocide, the anti-fouling solution represents the second huge step-change in innovation provided by the SEASNAKE project. </span><span style="background-color:initial">Chalmers will support the project with simulations</span><span style="background-color:initial"> of the dynamic behaviour of the cable. </span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Chalmers will have the advantage to continue to develop and validate their numerical models and codes for cable mechanics simulations and structural integrity analyses of a variety of power cables” says Jonas Ringsberg, head of the division Marine Technology. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>As all other industrial sectors, bringing down the LCoE in the ocean energy sector requires teamwork. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Innovations and finding the mutual benefits and strengths is key to accelerate the transition to a climate-neutral, green, competitive and inclusive economy” says Johannes Hüffmeier, Project manager at RISE. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>By bringing together a strong supply chain across Europe, the SEASNAKE project aims to reduce the weight of the cable by introducing a new type of armor, allowing the cable to move with a high frequency avoiding fatigue damages and remain functional over a long period of time. The cable will have a smaller diameter than a steel armoured cable, making it possible to save material. It will be lighter and more flexible and thereby easier to install, as well as having a long life even if connected to objects moving with the same frequency as waves on the sea. </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Read more </h3> <div><a href="/SiteCollectionDocuments/M2/Nyheter/Pressrelease%20Project%20Seasnake%20Kick-off.pdf">Press release - Project SEASNAKE will Introduce new Solutions for MV Cables</a></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/m2/research/marinetechnology/Pages/default.aspx">The division of Marine Technology​</a></div>Fri, 29 May 2020 14:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Vraka-saves-Swedish-water-from-oil-leakage.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Vraka-saves-Swedish-water-from-oil-leakage.aspxVraka saves Swedish water from oil leakage<p><b>​Some of the 30 most environmentally hazardous wrecks in Swedish water have been investigated and recovered on 360,000 litres of oil during 2017-2019. To prioritize among the wrecks and carry out oil recovery operations where they are most useful, the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management (SwAM) has used the risk assessment tool VRAKA, which was developed by Chalmers.</b></p><p>​There are about 17 000 shipwrecks along the coasts of Sweden and the Swedish Maritime Administration, in collaboration with among others Chalmers and SwAM classified 300 of them as hazardous for the environment. About 30 of the shipwrecks pose an acute environmental threat. They contain large amounts of oil that may leak. Shipwrecks leaking oil pose risk to marine life in Swedish waters. Organisms living in the vicinity of the shipwreck are mainly affected but the oil can also spread to other areas with the water currents. </p> <p><br /></p> <p>SwAM has since 2016 had the responsibility to coordinate the investigations and the recovery of oil and ghost nets (old fishing gear that has remained in the sea and lakes that can continue to fish and catch birds, and other marine animals) from shipwrecks. With the help of Chalmers model, they have been able to prioritize among the wrecks. </p> <p><br /></p> <p>“Before we decide which shipwreck to be recovered from oil, we can use the model to estimate the probability of a leak, the volume of oil in the wreck and where the oil is likely to end up in case of an oil leakage” says Fredrik Lindgren, an analyst at SwAM who previously worked on VRAKA during his doctoral studies at Chalmers. </p> <p></p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span>To date, 360,000 litres of oil have been </span><span>recovered </span></h2> <p></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">Since 2017, the model has been used for investigation and oil recovery operations of the six wrecks Thetis, Skytteren, Sandön, Hoheneichen, Lindesnäs and Finnbirch. They are all close to sensitive natural areas where oil leaks could have major, negative impacts on the environment, outdoor life and tourism. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">Sandön and Hoheneichen proved to be empty of oil but from Thetis, Lindesnäs and Finnbirch they managed to recover a total of about 360,000 litres of oil and a large amount of ghost net. From Thetis, they also manage to recover 12 tonnes of purse seine (a kind of fishing gear) and during the recovery operation of Lindesnäs, a 46-meter long ghost net was found which was stuck to the wreck. The ghost net was recovered and left ashore for recycling or destruction. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">The purpose of the investigation of Skytteren was, among other things, to get data to VRAKA for assessment. SwAM's assessment, however, was that an oil recovery operation is very likely to cost more than SwAM's annual budget for environmentally hazardous shipwrecks in Swedish waters. SwAM has requested funding from the government to increase the budget during a financial year, so that they can recover oil from Skytteren as well. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">From 2018, SwAM was granted SEK 25 million per year until 2027 for research and oil recovery operations. Starting in 2020, the budget is SEK 30 million per year. VRAKA made the funding possible. Carrying out oil recovery operations is costly, from five to hundreds of millions. It is important to make qualified assessments of which wrecks that should be prioritized for oil recovery operations. VRAKA made the prioritization possible and SwAM can now use the funds to make the greatest environmental benefit by removing the threats to the environment from the wrecks that pose the greatest risk.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/M2/Nyheter/eulogo.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="Logotypes from the EU" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /><br /></span></p> <p></p>Fri, 29 May 2020 08:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/Transport/news/Pages/International-student-project-awarded.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/Transport/news/Pages/International-student-project-awarded.aspxInternational student project awarded first prize<p><b>​Design a garage with charging stations for electric boats, where boats are also protected against bad weather. This was the assignment from Volvo Penta, and students from Chalmers and Penn State University worked together to solve the problem. The result was award-winning!</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Boats powered by electricity have become increasingly popular over the last years, but most marinas lack sufficient infrastructure to meet the need for charging. With this problem at hand, Volvo Penta announced a bachelor thesis last fall to get suggestions for solutions. The proposed project was a so-called Capstone project, and as such part of Chalmers strategic partnership with the Volvo Group, and to be carried out by students at Chalmers along with students from Penn State University in Pennsylvania, USA.<br /><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_puffbilder/AgnesAime_350.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /></span><div><div>As a result, four students from Chalmers and four from Penn State have worked together in this project throughout the spring. And even though the Corona pandemic got in the way of the travel plans, it has been a successful collaboration – in fact, so successful that the students’ Solar Wharf Garage was awarded with first price in the Lockheed Martin Best Project Award. This is the second time a Capstone project wins first price since the start of the collaboration six years ago.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">&quot;Project of good quality&quot;<br /></h2></div> <div>Agnes Tunstad and Aime Vesmes were part of the winning team. Initially, they were both attracted by the opportunity to gain international contacts, but that’s not all:</div> <div>“It seemed to be a fun project, and the collaboration with a global industry did not make it any less interesting”, says Aime Vesmes, and Agnes Tunstad nods and adds:</div> <div>“I like boats, and I like renewable energy! In addition, the project seemed to be of good quality.”<br /><br /></div> <div>Aime Vesmes is ending her third year at Mechanical engineering – together with the other two from Chalmers, Gustaf Malmsjö and Johan Kinell – while Agnes Tunstad is studying Automation and mechatronics. The project therefore entailed not only cooperation across national borders, but also across Chalmers’ programmes.</div> <div>“Much of the content is the same in our courses, but there is also a lot of differences. I’m happy for everything that this project taught me about the product development process, as this was completely new to me. Had it not been for my project colleagues from Mechanical engineering, this would have been much more difficult”, says Agnes Tunstad.<img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_puffbilder/Hamn_350.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /></div> <div>The project has required a lot of learning, and a lot of time for feasibility studies for all of them:</div> <div><div>“Yes, the real challenge has been to learn everything we needed to know. For example, I didn’t know how solar cells worked, or what to think about in a marine environment. We have really learned along the way”, says Aime Vesmes.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Two-boat garage with 18 solar panels</h2></div> <div>The final product is a two-boat garage where the boats are charged by nine solar panels each. According to the calculations, the payback period is 13 years, and the estimated structural lifetime more than twice as long. The material choices for the garage are guaranteed to hold the least possible risk of rust or other damage, and the panels can also be folded down to protect them from hard weather.<br /><br /></div> <div>Their collaboration has been performed via Zoom, a digital tool for video communication. The eight students were careful not to divide the project into smaller pieces but to try – as far as possible – to cooperate in all parts. This is reflected in the report, they say; otherwise the report could have ended up “choppy”, as a reflection of the fact that different parts were carried out by different persons. The group believe that this is one of the reasons why they won the award. And as Agnes Tunstad says:</div> <div>“What’s the point of a global project if you do not work together?”<br /><br /></div> <div>The response from Volvo Penta has been nothing but positive. In the beginning, the students were in close contact with their contact person, but he also emphasized that he did not want them to be too influenced.</div> <div><div>“If our ideas can bring value to Volvo, I’m happy. That’s what it is all about; for us to be able to give ideas for solutions”, says Aime Vesmes.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Changed plans for the exhibition an advantage</h2></div> <div>The plan was for the Chalmers’ students to travel to Penn State in April. The trip had to be cancelled, for obvious reasons. But the restrictions imposed by the Corona pandemic have not only been negative. For the project participants at Chalmers, winning the award became even more fun as they were able to participate in a video presentation at the virtual exhibition from which the winner was selected.</div> <div>“Had it just been an exhibition with posters, as it usually is, it probably wouldn’t have felt as satisfying. In that case, we simply would not have been as involved. But now, thanks to the video, we were all included on equal terms”, concludes Agnes Tunstad.<br /><br /></div> <div>Note: <a href="https://psu.mediaspace.kaltura.com/media/AB+Volvo+Penta+1/1_icgww547">Watch the students’ video presentation here!​</a><br /><br /></div> <div>Text: Mia Malmstedt</div> <div>Photo: Charles Strömblad (photo of Agnes Tunstad and Aime Vesmes) and Gustaf Malmsjö (Solar Wharf Garage and Öckerö marina) </div> <div>​<br /></div> Thu, 28 May 2020 12:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Online-conference-on-innovations-for-wind-ship-propulsion.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Online-conference-on-innovations-for-wind-ship-propulsion.aspxOnline conference on innovations for wind ship propulsion<p><b>​The latest scientific and technological research in the field of sailing will be presented in June, when Chalmers University of Technology hosts an international conference, INNOV’SAIL 2020.</b></p><div>There has always been a great interest on improving the technology and performance in elite sail racing, for example, the Olympics, America's Cup and Volvo Ocean Race and now there is also a growing interest from shipping companies to use wind power on vessels to reduce fuel consumption and environmentally harmful emissions. Many different projects are in progress around the world and savings from around 10% to almost 100% is reported. The researchers can share knowledge during this conference and results can be transferred from the advanced racing projects to commercial shipping projects. Chalmers and SSPA Sweden are examples of organizations that are conducting extensive research and are contributing with their latest findings. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Scientists, naval architects, sailors, ship owners, and others involved in the challenging field of wind propulsion of vessels will come together at the conference on 15-17 June 2020. 30 lectures will be held, and the conference will be completely online, due to the travel restrictions caused by the Coronavirus. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>For more information on International Conference On Innovation in High-Performance Sailing, INNOV’SAIL 2020, see the website: <a href="https://www.lighthouse.nu/en/node/6112/innovsail-2020">www.chalmers.se/INNOVSAIL</a>​</div> <div><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Organizers</h3> <div>Chalmers University of Technology<br /><div><span style="background-color:initial">Ecole Navale</span><br /><span style="background-color:initial">Cité de la Voile - Eric Ta</span><span style="background-color:initial">​</span><span style="background-color:initial">barly</span><br /><span style="background-color:initial">Lighthouse</span><br /><span style="background-color:initial">SSPA Sweden</span><br /><span style="background-color:initial">International Windship Association</span><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><span></span><span></span>RISE<br />Bretagne Development and Innovation<br />Enterprise Europe Network</span></div></div>Tue, 12 May 2020 15:30:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Virtual-approval-of-locomotives-enables-more-goods-by-rail.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Virtual-approval-of-locomotives-enables-more-goods-by-rail.aspxVirtual approval of locomotives enables more goods by rail<p><b>​Thanks to experience and knowledge built up within the Chalmers Railway Mechanics competence center, numerical tools were able to replace expensive geotechnical investigations. This gave Green Cargo the clear sign to use stronger locomotives, with just a few restrictions from the Swedish Transport Administration.</b></p>​In the short term, it means millions of Swedish crowns in savings. In the longer term, it strengthens the competitiveness of train transport and enables the transfer of transport from road to rail. This means reduced carbon dioxide emissions for heavier transport. <div><br /></div> <div>The classification of railway vehicles affects the distances they can operate. The freight train operator Green Cargo needed to install locomotives with greater traction to get a reasonable economy in their freight transport. This meant that heavier locomotives with three-axis bogies would have to operate lanes that were normally operated by lighter, two-axis locomotives. However, the Swedish Transport Administration could not allow the heavier three-axis locomotives to traffic the lanes if the safety could not be guaranteed. The situation was so critical that it became a standing point at the meetings between the Swedish Transport Administration's Director General and Green Cargo's CEO. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The classification of Green Cargo's three-axis locomotive meant that the locomotive was in a higher class than many lanes have been classified for, which could mean low operating speeds. For bridges, calculation tools are available to analyze the impact of specific vehicles, but for geotechnics the situation was more complicated. An analysis may require expensive and cumbersome soil samples and the remaining geotechnical restrictions were numerous. <img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/M2/Nyheter/andersekberg.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Anders Ekberg" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Anders Ekberg is the director of the competence center Chalmers Railway Mechanics (Charmec). He says that the main challenge for Charmec was to understand the problem. But with the help of the contacts and the understanding built up between Charmec's partners, a solution was soon to be found. </span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>“In a few meetings with intermediate analyzes, we were able to gain insight through the experience and knowledge we have gained in previous projects. Once the solution method was identified, we could relatively easily reach a solution using our numerical tools” says Anders Ekberg. </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span>In-house models from Chalmers provided a solution</span><span>​</span></h2> <div>The researchers from Chalmers proposed a comparative analysis between the stress resulting from a two-axis locomotive and that of a three-axis locomotive. Using in-house models their analysis showed that the marginally lower load per axis of the locomotive actually made the resulting stress in the ground lower for the three-axis locomotive despite this loco having an additional axle. To further analyze load, the Swedish Transport Administration conducted a dynamic analysis using software developed within Charmec.​</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The analysis supported the conclusion that the locomotives provided a lower load on filling material and the underlying soil. The Swedish Transport Administration was now able to reduce the number of restrictions for Green Cargo's three-axis locomotives” says Ibrahim Coric head of Maintenance Railway system Permission Construction at the Swedish Transport Administration. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Markus Gardbring is head of Green Cargo's operations and believes that it is of great importance for their operations. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;Green Cargo can now use stronger locomotives and demolish a large number of circulations for a number of larger customers, which leads to more efficient freight transport and is a prerequisite for us to be able to have more goods on the railway&quot; says Markus Gardbring. </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span>Contributes to reduced carbon dioxide emissions</span><span>​</span></h2> <div>Another benefit is that heavier locomotives with more redundant traction slip less, which reduces maintenance costs. Markus Gardbring also sees gains in the longer term. The Swedish rail network is being rebuilt to allow longer trains. The Swedish government has decided to reduce 70 percent of all carbon dioxide emissions for heavier transport by 2030. The segment that can easily be transferred to rail is intermodal goods. Longer trains are more cost-effective and a prerequisite for enabling competition with trucks in an extremely competitive market. The traction force of the locomotive will be decisive as the weight rather than the length becomes limiting for the number of wagons per train.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Read more about Charmec</h2> <div><a href="/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Railway-researchers-awarded-for-societal-impact.aspx">Railway researchers awarded for societal impact​</a><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/European-railway-harmony-better-for-the-climate.aspx">European railway harmony is better for the climate​</a><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Prediction-of-cracking-increases-the-railway%27s-reliability.aspx">Prediction of cracking increases the railway's reliability​</a><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/CHARMEC---A-prerequisite-for-a-functioning-railway.aspx">CHARMEC - A prerequisite for a functioning railway​</a><br /></div>Wed, 06 May 2020 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/AR-the-future-of-safe-Arctic-shipping.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/AR-the-future-of-safe-Arctic-shipping.aspxAugmented reality – the future of safe Arctic shipping<p><b>​Maritime traffic in the Arctic region is rapidly increasing which in turn has led to an increased risk of maritime casualties in the region. Now researchers at Chalmers together with the Oslo School of Architecture and Design have developed an AR tool in a VR-environment that will be able to help officers on the bridge to make the right decision under pressure whilst navigating the risky Arctic waters.</b></p>Maritime traffic in the northern Arctic Ocean is now increasing as more shipping-lanes are ice-free for longer periods of time due to the increased melting of sea ice as a result of climate change. However, navigating in Arctic waters is dangerous because of icebergs, rapid weather changes and, in some cases, lack of experience in the ships’ crew. This can lead to accidents and the release of oil and hazardous chemicals for example.<p></p> <p>“As an officer, you need a lot of experience to navigate the shipping routes in the Arctic Ocean. For example, a highly trained eye is required to determine if it is newly formed ice that the ship can easily pass through or if it is hard multi-year ice that can tear the hull”, says Monica Lundh, associate professor and Head of Unit at Maritime Human Factors at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.<br /></p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Safe Arctic Bridge</h2> <p>The research project SEDNA aims to improve the safety of maritime operations in the Arctic. One part of this project is to define the “Safe Arctic Bridge” which has been a collaborative effort between the Oslo School of Architecture and Design and Chalmers. Augmented reality (AR) solutions have been developed based on ship visits, feedback from subject matter experts and simulator exercises that help officers on board avoid hazards such as icebergs, shallow waters and other vessels. In the future, the AR solutions will be based on big data from, for example, satellite, radar, sensors and charts. Katie Aylward, PhD student at the unit for Maritime Human Factors:</p> <p><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/M2/Nyheter/vr-ar320x320.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">“The Arctic environment adds increased pressure on the crew. A unique work environment, paired with information from a variety of sources, presented on different interfaces can be very stressful. This can lead to an inaccurate assessment of a situation, leading to poor decision-making. Our hope is that the AR solutions will give officers the most relevant information for the situation, at the right time to help them make the right decision under pressure in a harsh environment.”</span></p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Testing in a VR/AR-lab</h2> <p>In order to test the AR solutions safely, they have been developed and implemented in a Virtual Reality (VR) bridge environment. The Maritime Human Factors researchers have created a “VR/AR lab” to test the solutions on both future mariners – students in their last year at the Maritime program at Chalmers, and more experienced mariners – simulator instructors and industry personnel. </p> <p>&quot;To get feedback from mariners with different experiences and with different perspectives is valuable for the continued development and eventual real-world implementation of the AR-tool. We don’t know when it will happen, but the advantage of AR solutions is that they can be applied to existing vessels and are not dependent on redevelopment on the bridge. However, to ensure safe Arctic navigation, I hope it is sooner rather than later,&quot; says Katie Aylward.</p> <p><br /></p> <p><strong style="background-color:initial">Facts:</strong><span style="background-color:initial"> AR is an abbreviation for Augmented reality where digital elements are added to reality in real-time. Unlike VR (virtual reality) where everything that is visible is exchanged for an interactive digital environment.</span><br /></p> <p><span style="font-weight:700">Facts: </span>SEDNA will develop an innovative and integrated risk-based approach to safe Arctic navigation, ship design and operation. The project is funded by Horizon 2020. Read more: <a href="/sv/projekt/Sidor/SEDNA---Safe-maritime-operations-under-extreme-conditionsQ-the.aspx">SEDNA – Safe maritime operations under extreme conditions: the Arctic case​</a><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></p> <p><br /></p> <p><strong>Text:</strong> Anders Ryttarson Törneholm</p> Thu, 19 Mar 2020 10:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Major-investment-in-hybrid-electric-aircraft-by-EU.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Major-investment-in-hybrid-electric-aircraft-by-EU.aspxMajor investment in hybrid-electric aircraft research by the EU<p><b>​Aviation accounts for approximately two to three per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions. An EU project is now underway to investigate the possibilities of hybrid-electric aircraft. Researchers at Chalmers are part of the project and will develop innovative heat management concepts and support aircraft design.</b></p>Few people today doubt that the Earth's atmosphere is affected by carbon dioxide emissions from human activity. The largest sources of emissions come from agriculture, industry and transport. Transport accounts for 25 per cent of global emissions and aviation account for about 3 per cent.<p></p> <p>“A reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is a major key for aviation to continue to contribute to the development of society and the mobility of people. It requires innovative thinking and ambitious research that goes far beyond small improvements. The goal of this project is to find out if hybrid-electric flying can be a solution to the problem”, says Carlos Xisto, associate professor in the Division of Fluid Dynamics at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.</p> <p>Chalmers' part in the project includes developing heat management concepts near the engines. Thermal management is a crucial aspect of hybrid-electric aircraft. </p> <div>“The heat generated from the electrical machinery and power electronics can be converted into useful energy to improve the efficiency of the combined system. We will also develop methods to support the conceptual design of hybrid-electric aircraft”, says Carlos Xisto.    <p></p> <p>The project is called Imothep and is a collaboration between 33 companies and universities which is financed by Horizon 2020. The project budget is a total of EUR 10 million.</p> <p><strong>Text:</strong> Anders Ryttarson Törneholm</p> <p><strong>Read more:</strong><a href="/sv/projekt/Sidor/IMOTHEP---Investigation-and-Maturation-of-Technologies-for.aspx"> <span style="background-color:initial">IMOTHEP </span><span style="background-color:initial">– </span><span style="background-color:initial">Investigation and Maturation of Technologies for Hybrid Electric Propulsion</span>​</a><span style="background-color:initial">​</span></p></div>Wed, 18 Mar 2020 10:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/European-simulator-network-is-expanding-to-Asia.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/European-simulator-network-is-expanding-to-Asia.aspxEuropean simulator network expands to Asia<p><b>​Lindholmen has Sweden&#39;s largest maritime simulator centre for education and research. Recently a first test was conducted where a pilot in South Korea remotely piloted maritime students in the simulator at Lindholmen. The successful test opens new opportunities for international cooperation.</b></p>About 90 per cent of all global transport goes by ship and this requires highly trained crews on the vessels. But before sea captains are ready to work at sea, training is needed to handle ships in many different types of conditions. To mimic different scenarios at sea and in port ship simulators are used.<p></p> <p>Chalmers has Sweden's largest simulator centre for maritime education and research. The simulators at Lindholmen are connected to other simulators around Europe via <em>the European Maritime Simulator Network </em>(EMSN). Thanks to this, several simulators can share in the same digital arena and the simulation of traffic situations becomes as close to reality as possible.</p> <p>“It becomes a lot more authentic when the students can meet other ships that are controlled by other people in the same situation compared to encounter a computer-controlled ship. Also, this will improve the understanding of how others think and communicate. And we as instructors get better conditions to see and coach the way students cooperate on the bridge”, says Mats Gruvefeldt, instructor at Maritime Studies at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.</p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">New international cooperation</h2> <p>For the first time, the EMSN has been linked to the Asian counterpart – <em>Asia Pacific Maritime Simulator Network</em> (APMSN). This means that a pilot in on location in South Korea was able to remotely pilot students in the simulator at Lindholmen to virtually dock a large merchant vessel in Busan's port in South Korea. The merchant vessel was also assisted by two tugboats which were operated from Chalmers. Remote piloting may be part of the future of international shipping.</p> <p>“That the test was successful means a lot. It requires advanced technology and good cooperation with everyone involved. In addition, it opens new opportunities for increased international cooperation, which promotes both education and research here at Lindholmen”, says Mats Gruvefeldt.</p> <p><br /></p> <p><strong>Facts: </strong>The European Maritime Simulator Network (EMSN) is technically coordinated by Fraunhofer CML in Germany, where a server connects simulators in Europe. Research on how to develop and streamline shipping with, among other things, remote piloting is conducted thanks to the network. But the network is also used for education of both future seafarers and continuing education for those who are already out in working life.</p> <p><br /></p> <p><strong>Text: </strong>Anders Ryttarson Törneholm</p> ​​Mon, 09 Mar 2020 10:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/Researchers-facing-the-big-challenges.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/Researchers-facing-the-big-challenges.aspxResearchers facing the big challenges<p><b>Research into everything from galaxies to human health, developing the shipping industry, electric vehicles, material properties and sustainable cities. They may focus on widely different subjects, but their research contributes to sustainable development and generates academic success.​</b></p><p class="chalmersElement-P"><span>​There are many prominent researchers at Chalmers and in connection to 8 March, International Women's Day, we have chosen to acknowledge some researchers who are highly cited within their own fields of research: Marie Alminger, Karin Andersson, Yuliya Kalmykova, Kirsten Kraiberg Knudsen, Elsebeth Schröder and Sonja Tidblad Lundmark.</span><span><span>​</span></span></p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span><span></span></span><span><span><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="Marie Alminger" src="/SiteCollectionImages/20200101-20200701/8%20mars/Alminger_textbild.jpg" style="margin:5px 10px" />Marie Alminger, Professor, Biology and Biological Engineering</span></span></h2> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Marie Alminger wants to improve knowledge on how foods are disintegrated during digestion, identify bioactive compounds that are released and absorbed in the body, investigate potential effects of these compounds on human health.</p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong> </strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What benefit does your research give to society?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Increased knowledge on how food composition, structures and content of specific bioactive compounds affect health will be useful to understand how foods can contribute to the prevention of some diseases, for example type 2 diabetes and cardio-vascular disease.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What are the biggest challenges within your research area?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> “Food digestion is a highly complex process. Many questions remain on how, for example, different compounds in the body are released, transported, and absorbed, and about their biological activity. Multiple methods are required to identify and analyse digested compounds. Interlaboratory studies, using the same methods, are important to yield successful results.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Marie-Alminger.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about Marie Alminger</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Karin Andersson" src="/SiteCollectionImages/20200101-20200701/8%20mars/KarinAndersson_textbild.jpg" style="margin:5px 10px" />Karin Andersson, Professor, Maritime Environmental Science</h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Karin Andersson’s research investigates the relationship between technical systems and nature, and how to develop technology to become more sustainable. Since 2007 she has focused on working with shipping and sea transport. The conversion from the traditional heavy fuel oils to non-fossil energy carriers with minimal emissions sets demands for evaluating the large spectrum of new alternatives. <span style="background-color:initial">Together with the research group, Karin Andersson is working with fuels and energy conversion in shipping, and methods for providing scientifically based support for using natural resources in a sustainable way, with minimal environmental impact. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span style="background-color:initial">“A bonus is that the group consists of several female senior scientists who are on their way to become highly cited&quot;, says Karin Andersson.</span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What benefit does your research give to society?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“The societal impact of the research is that results and knowledge is transferred to and used by decision makers in industry and shipping sector. Other important target groups are those who work with regulations and policy making within authorities and politics.” </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What are the biggest challenges?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“The challenge is to communicate a complex reality in a manner that not only answers the questions but also contributes to increased knowledge and understanding in both industry and society”.  </div> <div><br /></div> <a href="/en/staff/Pages/karin-andersson.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" /></a><a href="/en/staff/Pages/karin-andersson.aspx"><div style="display:inline !important">Read more about Karin Andersson</div></a><br /><div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="Yuliya Kalmykova" src="/SiteCollectionImages/20200101-20200701/8%20mars/Kalmykova_textbild.jpg" style="margin:5px 10px" />Yuliya Kalmykova, Associate Professor, Architecture and Civil Engineering </h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Yuliya Kalmykova’s research is about Urban Metabolism - to study and understand the turnover of resources, energy and emission flows in cities. </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What benefit does your research give to society?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“The benefit for society is comprehension of the relationship between a city’s metabolism, the measures taken to manage it and the environmental impacts or benefits the measures have”.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What are the biggest challenges?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“55 percent of the Earth’s population live in cities today, and our cities are responsible for about 80 percent of global resource use and greenhouse gas emissions. By the year 2050 the urban population is expected to have increased to 70 percent, which will further increase cities environmental impact - unless we transform cities to become more sustainable. Here is where our research comes in, and I believe we can achieve a lot by planning and making a transition to a circular economy.”</div> <div><br /></div> <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/yuliya-kalmykova.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" /></a><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/yuliya-kalmykova.aspx"><div style="display:inline !important">Read more about <span style="background-color:initial">Yuliya Kalmykova</span></div></a><div></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/20200101-20200701/8%20mars/TEST_KRAIBERG.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px 10px" /><span style="font-family:inherit;background-color:initial">Kirsten Kraiberg Knudsen, Professor, Department of Space, Earth and Environment</span></h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Our universe is about 13.8 billion years old and our home galaxy, the Milky Way, is almost as old. Kirsten Kraiberg Knudsen’s research topic is galaxy formation and evolution, and she studies the early phases of galaxy evolution to understand why they appear the way to they do today.  Some of the goals are to understand how super-massive black holes impact the growth of galaxies, to push as far back in time as possible to find the earliest galaxies and understand how the Milky Way might have looked in the early times.  </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What benefit does your research give to society?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“Basic science is the key to our understanding of nature and provides the basis for subsequent innovations and new technology. Astronomy inspires many people, young and old, as it focuses on fundamental questions about our place in the universe.”  </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What are the biggest challenges?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“There are the general challenges, for example, stable funding, long-term investments in large telescopes, clear career paths, and the necessary political will to support basic science. As for the topic itself, we do not know what the first galaxies look like, which makes the searches very challenging. Also, the new, large telescopes are providing large amounts of new unexpected results that challenge the models that are otherwise used for interpretation. Of course, facing the scientific challenges is really exciting because it pushes our knowledge forward”.  </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/kraiberg.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about <span style="background-color:initial">Kirsten Kraiberg Knudsen</span></a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="Elsebeth Schröder" src="/SiteCollectionImages/20200101-20200701/8%20mars/Schröder_textbild.jpg" style="margin:5px 10px" />Elsebeth Schröder, Professor, Microtechnology and Nanoscience</h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Elsebeth Schröder works on theoretical methods in physics on an atomic scale. In her research, she strives to describe how the nature of the electrons determines the material properties, to predict material structure and behavior from computations. Materials is here to be understood in quite general terms, covering a range of systems, from oxide surfaces, over carbon-based filters, to DNA fragments.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What benefit does your research give to society?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“The method development that I contribute to is of great value to other researchers around the world.  I and other researchers use the methods for problems that are important for materials production or have health-related aspects. For example, I have looked at the mechanisms of water purification of perfluorinated molecules and how the structure of DNA is affected by, for example, intercalation of carcinogenic molecules between base pairs in DNA”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What are the biggest challenges?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“The greatest challenges lie in further developing the theoretical methods, so that we can become even better at understanding and predicting properties in materials. This involves both refining the methods and enabling application to even more complicated material systems”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Elsebeth-Schröder.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about Elsebeth Schröder​</a><br /></div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"> </h2> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt=" Sonja Tidblad Lundmark" src="/SiteCollectionImages/20200101-20200701/8%20mars/sonja_textbild.jpg" style="margin:5px 10px" />Sonja Tidblad Lundmark, Associate Professor, Electrical engineering</h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Sonja Tidblad Lundmarks research is about modelling and designing electrical machines for applications in, among other things, electric vehicles and wind power stations.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What benefit does your research give to society?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“The benefits lie in developing sustainable, cost-effective alternatives that can contribute to, for example, more people being able to afford to drive an electric car, or that magnets and copper material can be recycled from electric motors when the electric car is scrapped”.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What are the biggest challenges?</strong></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“A major challenge is to develop calculation models that are neither too simple, nor overly complicated. The goal is to find models that are sufficiently detailed to be able to simulate real-world conditions, and yet being manageable when the electric machine models are connected to a larger system. That applies, for example, if the entire electric car is to be modelled for various drive cycles and different weather conditions. In order to develop functional models, good cooperation between different areas of knowledge is needed. I have been fortunate to be part of good collaborations!”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/sonja-lundmark.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about <span style="background-color:initial">Sonja Tidblad Lundmark</span>​</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text:</strong> Julia Jansson, Susanne Nilsson Lindh, Anders Ryttarson Törneholm, Catharina Björk, Christian Löwhagen, Mikael Nystås, Yvonne Jonsson​</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div>Fri, 06 Mar 2020 03:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Railway-research-and-crash-safety-on-IVA's-100-list.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Railway-research-and-crash-safety-on-IVA's-100-list.aspxRailway research and crash safety on IVA&#39;s 100 list<p><b>​Two research projects from the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences are included on IVA&#39;s 100 list 2020. The list highlights current research and makes it easier for researchers and companies to find each other to create innovation and new business opportunities.</b></p>Every year the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (IVA) releases a list of the 100 research projects that have the most potential to translate research into utilisation and increased competitiveness for Swedish industry. In 2019, the focus area was digitization. This year's list, 2020, highlights research that links to sustainability.<p></p> <p>Two research projects from the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences have been placed on the list. The projects come from the Division of Vehicle Safety, which has partnered with Volvo Cars to develop an anatomical shoulder for crash dummies. And from the Division of Dynamics and the National Centre for Railway Mechanics Charmec, who developed virtual tests for crack formation in the rail.</p> <p>&quot;This is a fantastic acknowledgement that the research we conduct really benefits society,&quot; says Angela Hillemyr, head of department and responsible for utilisation at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.</p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Artificial dummy shoulder saves lives</h2> <p>Although standardized crash tests have made car journeys considerably safer over the past 30 years, they have not been totally comprehensive – especially not for oblique frontal collisions. Researchers at Chalmers have developed a crash test dummy that now sets a new, life-saving standard for safety in passenger cars.</p> <p>“We wanted to contribute to a new test standard for oblique collisions. The dummy used previously turned out to be too rigid in the shoulder and did not give a fair representation of how an actual person reacts to a crash that throws the body forward obliquely”, says Mats Svensson, professor at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.</p> <p>Read the full article: <a href="/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Artificial-dummy-shoulder-saves-lives.aspx">Artificial dummy shoulder saves lives​</a></p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Prediction of cracking increases the railway's reliability</h2> <p>Cracking in rails and wheels is one of the largest maintenance costs for railway traffic. It is also the reason for many delays and stops that can lead to considerable costs for both train companies and track managers. But through methods developed at Chalmers, which predict cracking in rails and wheels, train traffic is now more reliable and environmentally friendly.</p> <p>Anders Ekberg is a professor at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences and director of Charmec:</p> <p>“More and more railway traffic occupy the same network, which leads to smaller windows for maintenance. But by being able to predict cracking, the risk of operational disturbances, unplanned maintenance and environmental impact is reduced. Then the costs can also be kept down. And that is a necessity for a functioning and efficient railway”, he says.</p> <p>Read the full artice: <a href="/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Prediction-of-cracking-increases-the-railway%27s-reliability.aspx">Prediction of cracking increases the railway's reliability​</a></p> <div><br /></div> <p><strong>Text: </strong>Anders Ryttarson Törneholm</p> ​Mon, 02 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/Transport/news/Pages/Experts-Traffic-deaths-halved-by-2030.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/Transport/news/Pages/Experts-Traffic-deaths-halved-by-2030.aspxExperts: Fatal road accidents halved by year 2030<p><b>​Over 1.3 million people die in traffic accidents every year. Consequently, traffic accidents are the most common cause of death in certain age groups. The world&#39;s experts are now gathering in Stockholm to discuss new UN goals for road safety, developed under the leadership of Chalmers professor Claes Tingvall.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Transports and traffic are fundamental parts of life for most of us. From our homes, we step into a traffic system that takes us to work, school, business, health care or to our loved ones.</span><div>But at the same time, 1.3 million people are killed in road accidents and 50 million people are injured – every year. Most accidents, as much as 93 per cent, occur in low- and middle-income countries, where the resources and technical solutions for road safety are lacking to a larger extent.<br /><br /></div> <div>“The problem of road accidents has not diminished the way we hoped. The recommendations proposed by our expert group are effective actions – it is now a matter if it gets done or not”, says Claes Tingvall, adjunct professor at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences at Chalmers and chair of the academic expert group that has developed new UN targets for world road safety.<br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_bilder-utan-fast-format/Claes%20Tingvall_300.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="background-color:initial">T</span><span style="background-color:initial">he overall goal is to reduce the number of deaths and serious injuries as a result of traffic accidents by fifty per cent over the next ten years. To achieve this goal by the year 2030, Claes Tingvall is certain about the way forward:</span><br /></div> <div>“We must constantly point to science as the solution to societal problems. Then stick to it and act accordingly!”<br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">A public health issue</h2> <div><span style="background-color:initial">On February 19–20, 2020, the world's leading road safety experts will convene together with decision-makers and ministers in Stockholm for the third global conference on road safety within the UN. There, the expert group's opinion will be indicative for the global cooperation for safer traffic.</span></div> <div>The academic expert group, chaired by Claes Tingvall, is composed of 13 experts from around the world and has been tasked with developing complementary methods, processes and tools for the new decade's global traffic safety. The fundament has been the global goals for sustainable development and Agenda 2030.<br /><br /></div> <div>“The lack of road safety is a public health issue. More than 100,000 children die each year in traffic accidents, making it the most common cause of death for in certain age groups. But it is possible to solve the problem, provided that scientifically developed methods are used”, says Claes Tingvall.<br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Collaboration is the key</h2> <div><span style="background-color:initial">T</span><span style="background-color:initial">oday broad research is being conducted in vehicle and road safety at Chalmers. The focus is, among other things, on understanding why accidents occur and how they can be prevented, as well as minimizing injuries to the human body when it is exposed to the extreme stresses that often occur in traffic accidents. Historically, vehicle and traffic safety has been a strong research area at Chalmers and the development of modern seat belts, child safety seats and airbags originated at the university.<br /><br /></span></div> <div>Research within road safety will be even more significant in the future as the volume of traffic is constantly increasing. According to the UN, the world's cities will grow by over 50 per cent in the next 30 years. It is important to have knowledge of how to develop roads and infrastructures in the best possible way as it is being built, while scientific solutions are applied and developed in already existing traffic systems.<br /><br /></div> <div>Magnus Granström is the director of the Safer competence centre at Chalmers, where multidisciplinary research is conducted in road safety. At Safer, various research areas – such as systems for accident prevention, road user behaviour, human body protection and safety performance evaluations – connect. Magnus Granström believes that there are many sub-areas to focus on in road safety, and unprotected road users will be a special challenge as we see an increasing number of cyclists, electric scooters and pedestrians.<br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_puffbilder/Magnus_Granstrom_350_cropped.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="background-color:initial">“</span><span style="background-color:initial">Universities need to continue to invest in a breadth of research, as there is no single answer to the question of how traffic should continue to become safer. Above all, understanding the complexity of future traffic systems with different types of road users will be necessary”, says Magnus Granström.<br /></span><br /></div> <div>To reach the goal of cutting the number of deaths and injuries by half, Magnus Granström believes that the research community needs to gain further insight into existing obstacles. For example, he points to an over-reliance in automated vehicles and their contribution to increased safety, as well as a lack of system thinking among researchers and financiers, who instead focus too much on individual areas and personas.</div> <div>“The main key to achieving this goal is collaboration between the various players – industry, academia and politics”, says Magnus Granström.<br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Recommendations with a clear vision</h2> <div><span style="background-color:initial">T</span><span style="background-color:initial">he academic group of experts has presented a total of nine scientifically based recommendations. If the recommendations are followed, the expert group believes that the goal of reducing the number of deaths by half is likely to be achieved by 2030. The recommendations are interconnected and will guide the work on road safety as part of the Global Sustainable Development Goals. And for the first time, road safety is now included in international objectives through agenda 2030.</span></div> <div>“With the global goals, which point out who should do what, we have access to both the private and the public sector, and thus can benefit from the synergies that exist between climate, health and justice. For example, speed connects to clean air, climate and security”, says Claes Tingvall.<br /><br /></div> <div>At the same time, he emphasizes the fact that the most powerful tools will also make the greatest impact. Those tools are mainly about sustainability reporting and public procurement. If the work on road safety is integrated with these tools, large effects can be achieved. The report that the expert group recently released highlights collaborations between politics, academia, business and other organizations on a global scale.</div> <div>“To solve the problems in low-income countries, where the problems are greatest, you need to apply the simple and cheap solutions that already exist. In high-income countries, all known methods must be applied – it's as simple as that”, says Claes Tingvall.<br /><br /></div> <div>Text: Anders Ryttarson Törneholm and Mia Malmstedt<br />Photos: Rune Borgström, Emmy Jonsson and Pixabay</div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">FACTS: The Sustainable Development Goals</h3> <div>The Sustainable Development Goals were adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>Road safety is directly connected to two of the 17 global goals:</div> <div> </div> <div>Goal 3: Good health and well-being</div> <div> </div> <div>Target 3.6:  Halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents.</div> <div> </div> <div>Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities</div> <div> </div> <div>Target 11.2: Provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>Road safety also affects many of the other global goals indirectly.</div></div> <div><div><a href="https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgs">​Read more about the UN Sustainable Development Goals here!</a></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">FACTS: Nine recommendations for safer traffic</h3> <div>The expert group's recommendations is divided into:<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>1. Modal Shift</div> <div> </div> <div>2. Sustainable Practices and Reporting</div> <div> </div> <div>3. Safe Vehicles across the Globe</div> <div> </div> <div>4. Childrens Health</div> <div> </div> <div>5. Public Procurement</div> <div> </div> <div>6. Speed limit of 30 kph</div> <div> </div> <div>7. Upgrade Infrastructure</div> <div> </div> <div>8. Zero Speeding</div> <div> </div> <div>9. Technology</div></div> <div><div> </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="https://www.roadsafetysweden.com/about-the-conference/recommendations-from-academic-expert-group/">Watch film clips with Claes Tingvall explaining each recommendation!</a></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="https://www.roadsafetysweden.com/contentassets/c65bb9192abb44d5b26b633e70e0be2c/200113_final-report-single.pdf">Read the full report from the expert group here.</a></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">FACTS: Safer</h3> <div> </div> <div>Safer is a centre of excellence for vehicle and traffic safety which conducts collaborative, interdisciplinary research and knowledge transfer to eliminate fatalities and serious injuries in traffic. Chalmers is the host for the center, which has in total 35 partners from academia, industry and society.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="https://www.saferresearch.com/">Read more about Safer.</a></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">FACTS: A pre-event on the night before the UN conference arranged by Safer</h3> <div> </div> <div><span></span> <span style="background-color:initial">On the evening of February 18, the day before the UN conference, Safer organizes a pre-event in Stockholm. The focus will be, among other things, on collaborations and new research. Participants include Fredrik Hörstedt, Chalmers Vice President of Utilisation, and speakers from the European Commission and Volvo. About 200 guests are expected, including EU commissioners, decision-makers and Swedish parliament politicians. Most of the guests come from countries with many fatal road accidents, including Uganda, Liberia, India and Nigeria.</span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>“We hope to spread the message about our way of collaborating to the international actors participating it our event, and at the same time create even better communication between both partners and research areas”, says Magnus Granström, Director at Safer.<br /><br /><a href="https://www.saferresearch.com/events/borderless-research-save-lives-dinner-event-how-vision-zero-can-be-addressed-collaboration">Read more about the pre-event!</a><br /><br />Previous news article about Claes Tingvall: <a href="/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Will-develop-new-global-goals-for-road-safety-in-the-UN.aspx">Will develop new global goals for road safety​</a></div></div> Wed, 12 Feb 2020 19:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Energy-storage-at-sea-allows-for-more-stable-sustainable-power-production.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Energy-storage-at-sea-allows-for-more-stable-sustainable-power-production.aspxEnergy storage at sea augments grid stability<p><b>​To reach the climate goals, society will have to rely more on renewable energy. However, solar and wind power, do not necessarily supply electricity exactly when needed. Now researchers at Chalmers have received EUR 420,000​ from the EU to develop offshore energy storage to stabilize the electricity production.​</b></p>Wind-, hydro- and solar power are seen by many as the main methods to produce sustainable electric power. But when it is calm or cloudy, wind and solar power cannot supply enough electricity to the grid. And if there is no prerequisite for controllable hydropower, the risk of electricity shortages increases. To satisfy the need for electricity at any moment, the surplus energy generated under favourable conditions needs to be stored for later occasions.<p></p> <p>“With the entire society and our modern lifestyle built around electric power, it is incredibly important to have a stable electricity supply. Our project will develop techniques to stabilize the electricity grid by storing energy in seawater reservoirs. The idea is that seawater is pumped into the reservoirs when there is an excess of electricity and then release it through turbines to ‘get back’ the electricity when there is a deficit”, says Håkan Nilsson, professor in the Department of Fluid Science at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.</p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">New technology at sea</h2> <p>The technique of storing water in reservoirs already exists in mountainous areas where there are large differences in altitude. This project aims to develop corresponding technology for flat coastal areas. Since the space is limited in existing coastal regions, an alternative is to build so-called &quot;energy islands&quot; offshore. The offshore plants are required to handle very small altitude differences and to be able to operate with saltwater instead of freshwater.</p> <p>The project has received EUR 5 million in total and is coordinated by TU Delft. In addition to the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences at Chalmers, another 11 industries and universities in Europe are participating, with broad expertise to meet the goal. The competencies include civil engineering, fluid mechanics, electromechanics, machine design, economy and environment. <span style="background-color:initial">Chalmers has received EUR </span><span style="background-color:initial">420,000</span><span style="background-color:initial"> over 4 years.​</span></p> <p>“The role we have at Chalmers is to design and optimize pump turbines for these specific conditions. We will also look at what loads and deformations these are exposed to in different operating cases and change between pumping and running as a turbine. We will also conduct a smaller validation experiment for one of the techniques”, says Håkan Nilsson.</p> <p>Read more about the project: <a href="https://research.chalmers.se/project/9185">Augmenting grid stability through Low-head Pumped Hydro Energy Utilization &amp; Storage​</a></p> <p>Text: Anders Ryttarson Törneholm​</p>Fri, 17 Jan 2020 10:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Less-flooding-in-cities-with-green-roofs.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Less-flooding-in-cities-with-green-roofs.aspxLess floodings in cities with green roofs<p><b>​The amount of rain and extreme rainfall is expected to increase on our northern latitudes because of climate change. This can have major consequences in densely populated areas that run the risk of flooding and have problems with contaminated storm water. But advanced green roofs with microstructure design may be the solution, researchers at Chalmers believe.</b></p>“Global climate trends indicate an increase in both extreme and total annual precipitation in the northern latitudes. It will have a major impact on the quality of life in densely populated urban environments in Scandinavia. But at the same time, there is a great need to increase the quality of stormwater that drains into the sea”, says Dario Maggiolo, researcher at the Division of Fluid Dynamics at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.<p></p> <p>In a scenario where the amount of rainfall is expected to increase drastically, two objectives are very important for the future development of cities and urban environments: firstly, efficient management of the amount of rainwater is required to minimize the risk of flooding and optimized management of water quality.</p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Green roofs with microstructure design can be the key</h2> <p>Green roofs can play a key role in achieving this two-fold objective by regulating rainfall runoff and the transport of stormwater-borne pollutants according to Dario Maggiolo:</p> <p>“Advanced green roofs with an optimal microstructural design can be a breakthrough in handling both water quantity and quality in urban environments. In this project, we will combine microscopic numerical calculations and experimental analysis to enable advanced design of green roofs”, he says.</p> <p>The project has received 3 million SEK from Formas and is a collaboration between the departments of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences as well as Architecture and Civil Engineering​.</p> <p><br /></p> <p>Text: Anders Ryttarson Törneholm​<br /></p>Tue, 03 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/data-driven-design-in-urban-planning-yields-a-better-quality-of-life.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/data-driven-design-in-urban-planning-yields-a-better-quality-of-life.aspxData-driven design in urban planning yields a better quality of life<p><b>​Due to dense city planning and tall houses, the wind speed is lower in cities compared to the countryside. This leads to reduced removal of heat and air pollution, which in turn creates problems for residents in larger urban areas. Now researchers at Chalmers have received 4.3 million to develop new tools for sustainable urban planning.</b></p>“Higher daytime temperatures reduced nighttime cooling and increased levels of air pollution have a negative impact on human health. For example, it can contribute to generally reduced well-being, respiratory difficulties, heat cramps, fatigue and heat stroke”, says Gaetano Sardina, assistant professor in the Division of Fluid Dynamics at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.<p></p> <p>In densely populated areas, temperatures become higher and the air quality deteriorates due to lower wind speeds as buildings act as a wind trap and shut in the hot and polluted air. This effect is known as &quot;Urban Heat Islands&quot; and is most noticeable during the summer and winter months. Also, the effects of heatwaves in the urban areas are heightened with increased air temperature. Sensitive individuals such as children, the elderly and people with certain illnesses are particularly exposed to such events.</p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Bad air increases deaths</h2> <p>The combination of severe heat and high levels of air pollution can be very problematic. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that between 1979 and 2003, heat waves contributed to more than 8,000 premature deaths in the United States. It is more than the deaths caused by hurricanes, lightning, tornadoes, floods and earthquakes altogether.</p> <p>The large-scale effects on society are evident in the increase in costs for health care, lost working days and reduced productivity. But researchers expect that economic losses due to increased temperatures in urban areas can be reduced by up to 200 per cent in cities that have implemented appropriate measures.</p> <p>“Our goal is to find out how the cities of the future will be built to improve thermal comfort and air quality for its inhabitants. In current urban planning practices in Sweden, these aspects of residents' health are not considered”, says Gaetano Sardina.</p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Digital tool for city planning</h2> <p>The researchers will develop a new digital tool that can provide a representation of an urban area in 3D. The use of digital tools will increase significantly in the future and change regulations and help urban planners to start using effective data-driven design. The results of this study will provide new guidelines for sustainable urban planning to improve the quality of life for residents in terms of thermal comfort and air quality.</p> <p>The project has received 4.3 million SEK from Formas and is a collaboration between the departments of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences as well as Architecture and Civil Engineering together with FCC Fraunhofer.</p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">Read more about Goal 11 in Agenda 2030: </span><a href="https://www.globalgoals.org/11-sustainable-cities-and-communities">Sustainable Cities and Communities​​​​</a></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">Text: Anders Ryttarson Törneholm​</span>​<br /></p>Wed, 27 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100