News: Mechanics and Maritime Sciences related to Chalmers University of TechnologyThu, 20 Jan 2022 02:45:54 +0100 major investment in marine research<p><b>​Chalmers, University of Gothenburg, IVL Swedish Environmental Institute, KTH and RISE have joined forces to invest in and operate the Kristineberg marine research station under the name Kristineberg Center for Marine Research and Innovation. The goal of the new agreement is for Kristineberg Center to become one of Europe's leading marine research and innovation environments.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">“Kristineberg is an important infrastructure for Chalmers. Together with our partners, we ensure that Kristineberg Center continues to be a leading infrastructure for research linked to the global challenge of sustainable seas and coasts. Chalmers research can make a big difference and benefit through technology development in marine application areas,” says the President of Chalmers, Stefan Bengtsson.<br /><br /></span><div>At Kristineberg, a range of projects are already being conducted in a number of marine areas. Some of them include developing new materials and foods from the sea. Others relate to the impact of the climate on marine life and include both underwater robots and digital technology.<br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Strengthened resources for marine research and innovation</h2> <div>Through the new agreement, the parties will together develop the research and innovation environment based on the needs of society and in harmony with other environments.</div> <div>Kristineberg Center will offer research infrastructure, test and demonstration facilities and laboratories as well as opportunities for meetings, training and workplaces. The center will be an open and inclusive marine research and innovation environment for academia, education, companies, authorities, organizations and individuals. The idea is that the mutual influence breeds ideas, new knowledge and new collaborations.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Erik Ytreberg is a senior researcher in Maritime Studies at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences. Over the years, his and his research colleagues' involvement at Kristineberg's center has mainly focused on studying the effects of boat bottom paints and so-called scrubber water, ie water from washing ship exhaust fumes, on the marine environment. And Erik was more than pleased as he received the news about the increased investment in the center. <br /><br /></div> <div>“Kristineberg and its infrastructure have been central to our work and have enabled unique long-term studies on, for example, the effectiveness and environmental impact of antifouling paints, as well as ecotoxicological studies on the effects of scrubber water on the marine environment. The new agreement is important to our work and will facilitate continued research projects and collaborations,” says Erik Ytreberg.<br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">To become a leader in Europe</h2> <div>The agreement between the parties runs for five years and the University of Gothenburg will host Kristineberg Center. The center is organized as a national research infrastructure where several parties collaborate on governance and planning - something that also enables the involvement of more public actors.<br /><br /></div> <div>“I have high hopes. The goal is for Kristineberg Center to become one of Europe's leading marine research and innovation environments,” says Eva Wiberg, the Vice Chancellor of the University of Gothenburg.<br /><br /></div> <div>The center will also contribute to strengthening the development of a sustainable blue economy and increase Swedish attractiveness and competitiveness.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Contact</h3> <div>Bo Norrman, Innovation Advisor at Chalmers Innovation Office, +46 70 3710949</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">About Kristineberg</h3> <div>Kristineberg is located in Fiskebäckskil in Lysekil municipality and is one of the world's oldest marine research stations founded in 1877 under the name Kristineberg's zoo station on the initiative of Sven Lovén. Previously, the station was run by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and has for the past ten years been part of the University of Gothenburg's marine infrastructure. Since its inception, the station has been an international hub for marine research.​</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Karin Wik and Lovisa Håkansson</div> Wed, 19 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0100 centers in Catalysis and Nuclear technology receive support<p><b>​The Swedish Energy Agency has allocated a total of 600 million SEK to eleven destinated competence centers for sustainable energy systems. In strong competition, Competence Centre for Catalysis, lead by Chalmers and a new competence center in nuclear technology, which includes researchers from Chalmers, have been selected as two of these.</b></p><div>​<span style="background-color:initial">Competence Centre for Catalysis has the position as Sweden's foremost in its field since it was founded in 1995 and is also an internationally important player. This has not made waiting for the Energy Agency’s decision less nervous for Magnus Skoglundh, Professor at the Department for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, and Director for the center. He is shining in a contagious joy, when he talks about the news and what it means for the center.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><div> </div></span></div> <div>“It has been a fierce competition, and we have been preparing for two years. The funding means that we can start new research areas and projects, and develop our existing areas”, says Magnus Skoglundh. <br /></div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Start chemical reactions and lowers energy consumption </h2> <div> </div> <div>Catalysis is a phenomenon that allows us to start and affect chemical reactions, with the help of a catalyst. The use of catalytic technology is essential for several of our critical sustainability issues. Therefore, competence and research within this field, is vital if we shall succeed in the transition to sustainable systems for transport, chemical and material production, and energy conversion.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/KB/Generell/Nyheter/anslag%20kompetenscenter%20Katalys%20och%20kärnenergi/Magnus%20Skoglundh%20200x200.jpg" alt="portrait Magnus Skoglundh " class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px" />“The main property of a catalyst is that it lowers the energy barrier required for the reaction to take place. Instead of 300 degrees, it can for example proceed at room temperature, Magnus Skoglundh explains.”<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>In the upcoming period, the center will focus on greenhouse gases to a greater extent than emissions, which they are already strong in. Further, the research on synthesis and production of fossil-free energy carriers will increase. Electrocatalysis is a large part of the center’s work and development of fuel cells, which is an important component for the future fossil-free society. They will also introduce a completely new part - energy efficient and greener chemical industry. The center has many exciting research projects underway. Right now, they are for example working on reducing nitrous oxide emissions, where they are internationally leading.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>One of the center's most important purposes is to train skilled engineers, licentiates, doctors and senior researchers, who can implement what they have learned in the industry. The collaboration with the business community has been ongoing from the start. Today, there are eight member companies in the competence center. At Chalmers, researchers in chemistry and physics have been included and now it will be further broadened with researchers in energy system analysis​.<br /></div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Premiere for nuclear technology support </h2> <div> </div> <div>Among the Swedish Energy Agency's designated competence centers, there is also research and competence in nuclear technology. It is the first time that the agency supports competence and research in this area. The competence center, which has been named ANItA (Academic-Industrial Nuclear Technology Initiative to Achieve a Future Sustainable Energy Supply) is led by Uppsala University, aims to support the development of small modular nuclear power reactors in Sweden. The project will primarily be focused on current reactor technology, but a significant part will also be about the foundation for future nuclear energy systems. Researchers from the departments of chemistry and physics at Chalmers participate in the center.<br /></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More about the Swedish Energy Agency's grants  </h3> <div> </div> <div>Together with the business and the public sector and academia, the Swedish Energy Agency finances 11 competence centers that will build knowledge and competence that accelerate the transition away from the fossil dependence and strengthen Sweden's competitiveness. The Swedish Energy Agency's support of SEK 600 million makes up a third of the funding and is shared by equal parts from universities and research institutes, respectively business and public organizations.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>The Competence center for Catalysis was granted SEK 39 million</div> <div> </div> <div>The Competence Center ANItA was granted SEK 25 million<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><div>Of those who were granted grants, Chalmers was the main applicant behind four, and the co-applicant for two. The direct grants to Chalmers amount to a total of SEK 239,355,500.</div></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Read more about <a href="/en/news/Pages/Millions-from-the-Swedish-Energy-Agency-to-Chalmers-centers.aspx" target="_blank">the other competence centers receiving funding​</a>. </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Contact and more information Competence Center for Catalysis </h3> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/personal/Sidor/Magnus-Skoglundh.aspx" title="link to personal profile page ">Magnus Skoglundh</a>, Professor at the Department for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, and Director for the Competence Centre for Catalysis  <br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><div><a href="" title="link to center Catalysis webpage ">Competence Centre for Catalysis website </a></div></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Contact and more information Competence Center Anita</h3> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/che.aspx" title="link to personal profile page ">Christian Ekberg</a>, Professor at the Department for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and co-applicant for the Competence Center ANita.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Jenny Holmstrand <br />Portrait photo: Mats Tiborn/Chalmers </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> ​</div>Mon, 10 Jan 2022 16:00:00 +0100 from the Swedish Energy Agency to Chalmers centers<p><b>​When the Swedish Energy Agency distributes SEK 600 million to eleven different competence centers for sustainable energy systems, Chalmers is behind more than half of the centers that are granted funding. The centers will build knowledge and competence that accelerate the transition away from the fossil dependance and strengthen Sweden's competitiveness.</b></p><p>The grants go to a wide range of energy research: biogas, electromobility, electrical energy storage and balancing, hydrogen, sustainable hydropower, nuclear technology, sustainable turbine fuels, deciduous forest, resilient energy systems, catalytic and solar electricity. In addition, researchers in information and communication technology are also affected.</p> <p><br />By 2045, Sweden will have no net emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. As part of being able to implement the change, the Swedish Energy Agency announced research funds in 2020 and 2021 to finance the best competence center formations in Sweden in the energy area. The aim was to find competence centers that can create a long-term collaboration between business, the public sector and academia, and to conduct high-quality and needs-driven research. The interest was great and attracted 29 applications which, after examination and assessment, resulted in eleven centers that share SEK 600 million in grants.<br />Of those who were granted funding, Chalmers was the main applicant behind four, and the co-applicant for two. The direct grants to Chalmers amount to a total of SEK 239,355,500.</p> <p><br />The competence centers are long-term investments where demand-driven research will be conducted on electricity systems and bioenergy as well as transport, industrial processes and energy systems. They cover five years in a first stage, with the possibility of extension for another five years.</p> <p><br />The competence centers are a joint initiative where the Swedish Energy Agency's support of a total of almost SEK 600 million is met by corresponding thirds from higher education institutions and research institutes, and business and public organizations respectively. In total, the competence center investment means that approximately 150 doctoral students and junior researchers are trained in current issues, while at the same time almost 230 companies and other organizations increase their knowledge and competence.<br /><br />The centers led by Chalmers are:<br />Swedish Electromobility Center (E2)<br />Granted support: SEK 92,250,000<br />Coordinator: Linda Olofsson<br /><br />Swedish Center for Electricity Energy Storage and Balancing (E2)<br />Granted support: SEK 54,230,500<br />Coordinator: Massimo Bongiorno<br /><br />Technologies and innovations for future sustainable hydrogen economy (M2)<br />Amount granted: SEK 53,875,000<br />Coordinator: Tomas Grönstedt<br /><br />Competence Center Catalyst (K)<br />Amount granted: SEK 39,000,000<br />Coordinator: Magnus Skoglundh</p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">Read more about the <a href="/en/departments/chem/news/Pages/Competence-centers-in-Catalysis-and-Nuclear-technology-receive-support.aspx" target="_blank">Competence centers in Catalyst and Nuclear technology​</a></span><br /></p> <p><br />In addition, Chalmers is a co-applicant to:<br />Swedish center for sustainable hydropower<br />Academic-Industrial nuclear initiative for future sustainable energy supply<br /><br /></p>Tue, 21 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 masks prevent the spreading of particles<p><b>​How do face masks prevent the spreading of liquid particles when we breathe and talk with and without face masks? The corona pandemic has made the question of how well mouth protection prevents the spread of infection highly topical. Now, new research is presented by a group of researchers in fluid dynamics from Chalmers University of Technology, Luleå University of Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology and Lund University, Faculty of Engineering LTH. The results are presented to the Public Health Agency of Sweden and the Swedish Research Council during a press conference on Wednesday. </b></p><div>​<span style="background-color:initial">&quot;Face masks hinder the spreading of liquid droplets. Our experiments show that the large particles are well captured by face masks, while fewer numbers of smaller droplets leak out on the sides of face masks. Ventilation design is therefore of highest importance in public environments&quot;, says Staffan Lundström, Professor of Fluid Mechanics at Luleå University of Technology and project leader.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"></span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">The research started at the beginning of the covid-19 outbreak in Sweden</h2> <div> </div> <div>Since the beginning of 2020, this issue has been in focus for a group of researchers in the field of Fluid Mechanics in Sweden. Under the leadership of Luleå University of Technology in collaboration with Chalmers University of Technology, KTH, the Royal Institute of Technology, and Lund University of Technology, the effectiveness of face masks has been studied from various aspects within fluid dynamics.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>The focus has been how well particles in our exhaled air are captured by the type face masks we use, in for example public transport and public environments, in order to prevent the spreading of covid-19. By compiling what is known from previous studies and carrying out new experiments and simulations, the researchers have aimed to improve knowledge about face masks and the spread of exhaled particles.</div> <div> </div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Paving the way for more efficient face masks</h2></div> <div> </div> <div>The new research results also enable the development of future face masks that have improved filtering qualities and that, at the same time, are easier to breathe through. <br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/20210701-20211231/Srdjan%20Sasic%20NY.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:220px;height:194px" /><br /><span style="background-color:initial">&quot;O</span><span style="background-color:initial">ur modelling and simulations provide design guidelines to producers of face masks on how to make a balance between having a high degree of mask efficiency and comfort for users, i.e. breathability&quot;, says Srdjan Sasic, professor of Fluid Dynamics at Mechanics and Maritime Sciences at Chalmers University of Technology. </span><br /></div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Significantly reducing the social distancing </h2> <div> </div> <div>As part of the study, simulations have been carried out that show that without face masks, the social distancing of 1 meter is not safe, while a distance of 1.5 meter is more justified. Face masks can not only filter out a majority of the droplets, but they can significantly reduce the safe social distancing.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;There is no doubt that face masks can significantly reduce the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 vrius. Our CFD simulations indicate that the safe social distance can be significantly reduced to one third of that without a face mask&quot;, says Xue-Song Bai, professor in fluid mechanics at LTH, Lund University, Faculty of Engineering. </div> <div> </div> <div><br />The research is based on close collaboration between the research groups in the field. Some results are scientifically published, others are not yet published.</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Brief description of research results presented to the Public Health Agency of Sweden and the Swedish Research Council: </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div><strong>Chalmers University of Technology, (Srdjan Sasic, Professor of Fluid Mechanics) </strong></div> <div> </div> <div>The mechanisms for filtering liquid droplets (10-50 micrometers) in fibrous microstructures of face masks have been investigated using the so-called LBM method. Dynamics, collection and coalescence of droplets of sizes comparable to the fiber and pore sizes relevant to mask materials are studied during a range of respiratory events (breathing, coughing). A non-Newtonian behavior of saliva is also taken into account. <br /><strong>The results:</strong> A novel model is formulated for droplet penetration length and permeability in face mask microstructures, given the fiber size and porosity. Based on this, face masks can be developed so that they filter even better and become easier to breathe through.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong> </strong></div> <div><strong>Luleå University of Technology (Staffan Lundström, professor of fluid mechanics, Mikael Sjödahl, professor of experimental mechanics)<br /></strong>Model experiments have been carried out to quantify the number of particles transmitted with the flow, with and without face masks. Each mask is tested with and without side leakage. The tested masks include both homemade fabrics and masks that you can purchase at a pharmacy. <br /><strong>The results: </strong>The results show that the filtration efficiency is, in general, good for the tested masks in the fully sealed case. Unsurprisingly, the masks from the pharmacy performed better than the homemade fabrics. In the presence of leakage, the larger particles are removed from the flow due to inertia. However, as particle size decreases, the filtration efficiency rapidly decreases.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>KTH, Royal Institute of Technology (Ramis Örlü, Associate Professor of Fluid Mechanics) </strong></div> <div> </div> <div>We investigate experimentally the fluid dynamics of outward protection from face masks by analysing qualitatively and quantitatively the leakage and throughflow jets at the interface of mask and face. The investigation is performed by high-speed imaging and Schlieren shadowgraphy under pulsed conditions aiming at simulating speaking and sneezing conditions. The test liquids are water and artificial saliva. <br /><strong>The results:</strong> Surgical masks are found to be excellent for frontal filtration in agreement with previous studies. Cotton based masks should be discouraged. Strong leakage and through-flow jets are escaping at the interface of face and mask at the top/nose and side/cheeks. Saturated masks had negligible effect on performance. Further studies are needed to assess whether masks should be (re)used for ecological/economical/environmental reasons.<br /></div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Our experiments with artificial saliva under pulsed conditions simulating speech and sneezing conditions show that face masks are – as known – excellent for frontal filtration of flow and particles. However, the leakage flow makes the usage a complex ventilation problem when considering masks in a societal context&quot;, says Ramis Örlü. <br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Lund University, Faculty of Engineering LTH (Xue-Song Bai, professor of fluid mechanics). </strong></div> <div> </div> <div>Advanced numerical simulations have been performed to study the spread of large droplets and aerosol flow using so-called large eddy simulations. The turbulent flow is described using Navier-Stokes equations and the droplet motion is simulated using a particle tracking equation.The droplets break up and evaporate during the spreading process and they are affected by gravity. <br /><strong>The results: </strong>A face mask model for numerical simulation of transport of droplets/aerosol particles through face masks has been developed based on the experiments performed. The model has been used to predict the transport of droplets/aerosol particles in different environments. The simulations show that without face masks, the social distancing of 1 m is not safe, while a distance of 1.5 m is more justified. Face masks can not only filter out a majority of the droplets but they can significantly reduce the safe social distancing. The leak through the slit between the mask and the face is the main source of droplet discharge when coughing with face masks.</div> <div> </div> <div>Transport of liquid droplets and aerosol particles in an elevator is studied under different air ventilation conditions. It turns out that the transport of small droplets and aerosol particles is significantly affected by the ventilation. It is noted that large droplets tend to fall to the ground within 1.5 m whereas small droplets and aerosol particles can spread throughout the elevator depending on the ventilation conditions.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Katarina Karlsson, Luleå University of Technology and Lovisa Håkansson, Chalmers </div>Wed, 15 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 between Volvo Group and Chalmers has been renewed<p><b>​Chalmers and Volvo Group have renewed their partner agreement for another three years. Electrification and hydrogen, automation, digitalization, traffic safety and circularity are areas that will be in focus during the period.</b></p><div>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/350x305/Signering_Volvo_211129_350x305px.jpg" alt="Photo of Lars Stenqvist and Stefan Bengtsson" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px" />The agreement was signed on 29th November by Lars Stenqvist, Executive Vice President at Volvo Group Trucks Technology, and Stefan Bengtsson, President and CEO at Chalmers.</div> <div> </div> <div>“Volvo Group is one of Chalmers’ most important partners”, says Stefan Bengtsson. “The agreement means a continuation of our extensive collaboration, which has been including both research, education and utilisation for a long time. This strategic partnership provides contact with relevant issues, contributes to our utilisation and makes Chalmers better in many ways.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Rapid transformation within the transport industry</h2> <div>The transport industry is in the middle of a very rapid transformation, where electrification, automation and digitization are important parts.</div> <div> </div> <div>“To manage this, we need more research, more trained engineers within these areas and a constant competence development among our employees” says Lars Stenqvist. “The collaboration with Chalmers is therefore more important than ever within all these areas.”</div> <div> </div> <div>The first strategic partnership agreement between Volvo Group and Chalmers started in 2009. Since then, it has been renewed periodically.</div> <div> </div> <div>“For us, the partnership means, among other things, that we have greater access to researchers”, says Lars Stenqvist. “It also means that we can actively take part in the design of education, to ensure the supply of competence in the form of both new recruitments and further learning.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">From student projects to major international research initiatives</h2> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Transport/_puffbilder/SinisaKrajnovic_350x305.jpg" alt="Photo of Sinisa Krajnovic" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px" />Like before, the Transport Area of Advance is hosting the partnership.</div> <div> </div> <div>“Chalmers and Volvo Group have a long history of successful collaboration, including everything from student projects and doctoral projects to major national and international research initiatives”, says Sinisa Krajnovic, Director of Transport Area of Advance.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>”One example is the student projects that Chalmers, Volvo Group and prominent universities abroad have carried out together for several years. Another example is the research collaborations that we and other Swedish actors have with partners in India and China.”</div> <div> </div> <div>“We will now continue to strengthen our collaboration within competence centers, use of our joint research infrastructure and research projects, within Horizon Europe for example. There is great common potential in areas such as traffic safety, electrification, research on hydrogen vehicles and circularity”, says Sinisa Krajnovic.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text:</strong> Johanna Wilde</div> <div><strong>Photo of the signing:</strong> Mikael Terfors</div> Mon, 06 Dec 2021 17:00:00 +0100​Call for a proposal – hosting a WASP distinguished guest professor <p><b>​WASP is announcing funding for guest professors for a period of two years, expecting to stay at the host university approximately six months per year. The areas are: autonomous systems, software, AI/MLX and AI/math.​</b></p><div><b style="background-color:initial"><br /></b></div> <div><b style="background-color:initial">Deadline: Jan 15, 2022</b><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>In total, <b>two positions will be founded</b>, and the WASP university partners can apply. The funding is valid for <b>all WASP areas</b> (autonomous systems, software, AI/MLX and AI/math).</div> <div>The main ranking criterium is the applicant's excellence, the probability of the realization, and finally, the program/aim of the visit. WASP also welcomes a combination with other initiatives or/and involvement of Swedish industry. </div> <div>Financial conditions are flexible and will match the levels of top-level researchers.  </div> <div>WASP is expecting to get the proposals during Q4 2021. Internal Chalmers deadline is Dec 20. A university can propose several candidates. </div> <div>During Q1 or Q2 2022, WASP will approve in total two proposals. A strict policy of gender balance (50/50) will be followed. </div> <div><b>The expected start of the visit</b> is Q3/Q4 2022, or Q1 2023. </div> <div><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Proposal Submission</h3> <div>Send a proposal to <b>Chalmers WASP</b> <b>representative</b> to <a href="">Ivica Crnkovic</a>, <b>l</b><b>atest Jan 15, 2022</b>.</div> <div>The proposal should include:</div> <div><ul><li>Name and affiliation of the distinguished guest professor, with a short motivation, overall preliminary schedule and activity plan for the visit.</li> <li>The hosting department and division/research group.</li> <li>If possible, a letter of interest from the potential distinguished guest professor or a statement that the professor has been contacted ad has expressed interest in the visit.</li> <li>CV of the proposed guest professor</li> <li>The head of the department must sign the application</li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The applications will be analyzed by Chalmers internal committee (to be defined) before sending to WASP.  Note that Chalmers will follow the recommendations from WASP and try to provide a balanced list of the candidates. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>For more information, contact please, <a href="">Ivica Crnkovic</a></div> <div><a href=""></a><br /></div> ​Thu, 25 Nov 2021 13:00:00 +0100öm-receives-prestigious-funding-from-the-Swedish-Research-Council.aspx Ström receives prestigious funding from the Swedish Research Council<p><b>​&quot;The Swedish Research Council's funding provides very good conditions in terms of freedom to conduct planned research, which gives greater flexibility and better opportunities to carry out real curiosity-driven research compared to many other forms of funding,&quot; says Henrik Ström, professor at the Division of Fluid Dynamics, when it was announced that he is one of the 33 researchers at Chalmers who are awarded research grants from the Swedish Research Council.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">In total, the Swedish Research Council distributes SEK 2.3 billion to research projects in natural and technical sciences (2021 - 2025) and medicine and health (2021 - 2026). Of these project grants, SEK 123 million go to a total of 33 researchers at Chalmers. <br />One of the researchers who receives the Swedish Research Council grant this year is Henrik Ström, professor at the Department of Fluid Dynamics. With the research project &quot;Migration, mixing and modulation in reactive Brownian systems of arbitrary geometric complexity&quot;, he receives a total of 3.8 million.</span><div><br /><strong>Congratulations, Henrik! How does this feel? Was it expected?</strong></div> <div>“It’s a fantastic feeling! The competition for the Swedish Research Council grants is extremely fierce, and so I really wasn’t expecting this.” </div> <div><br /><strong>What’s your research project about?</strong></div> <div>“The project is based on computer simulations studying systems where small reactive particles move in complex geometries. These can be sensors, for example, where you want to be able to detect as quickly as possible whether a certain type of particle is present in a liquid. Such a particle could be, for example, a metallic nanoparticle, a bacterium, a DNA molecule or some form of aggregate.”</div> <div><br /><strong>Why is it important to study this?</strong></div> <div>“Today we have limited knowledge of how the simultaneous presence of different types of particles affects what happens in these systems. For example, particles of different shapes and sizes can either entrain other particles or block the path of other particles as they themselves move in the liquid. If you want to make sensors that are super-fast, it would be fantastic to be able to increase the speed with which the particles you want to detect reach the sensor surface. If you want to make sensors that are robust, you may instead want to be able to avoid certain particles coming close to the sensor surface at all. It’s also easy to see that there could be applications where you want to achieve both effects at the same time - fast, selective detection of certain particles with minimal risk of fouling of other particles. The research project will therefore be based on my previous research in the field and try to clarify how things work when mixtures of small reactive particles move near surfaces.”<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>What do you think was the key factor that made you receive the Swedish Research Council funding?</strong></div> <div>“I think I managed to convince the panel that the scientific issues I raised in my application have broad implications for a wide range of applications and at the same time really pin-points something in the multiphase flow area where our knowledge today is relatively limited. There are many different coupled processes at play, and in recent years I’ve established collaborations both nationally and internationally, with both theorists and experimentalists, which allows me to take my own research further by using synergies with many different other competencies.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What does this funding mean to you and your research? What will you be able to accomplish that you perhaps wouldn’t have the means to do without it? </strong></div> <div>“I will be able to employ a PhD student, which is tricky to do with many other types of financing. Applied research involves companies and they don’t typically want to wait four to five years to see results, and several other research funders have a maximum cap for what they pay out, which in practice means that they don’t fund PhD students. Funding from the Swedish Research Council also gives me the opportunity to have a stable base of basic research in my project portfolio, which gives depth to the applied research I conduct in parallel. Last but not least, the Swedish Research Council's funding provides very good conditions in terms of freedom to conduct planned research, which gives greater flexibility and better opportunities to carry out real curiosity-driven research compared to many other forms of funding.&quot;</div> <div><br /><strong>Thank you and congratulations, Henrik!</strong><br /><br />Text: Lovisa Håkansson</div> Wed, 10 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0100 funding to researchers at Chalmers<p><b>​The Swedish Research Council distributes 2.3 billion in natural and engineering sciences (2021 – 2025) and medicine and health (2021 –​ 2026).Of these project grants, a total of SEK 123 million go to 33 researchers at Chalmers.​</b></p>​These<span style="background-color:initial"> researchers at Chalmers receive grants – sorted by department:</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Biology and Biological Engineering</h2> <div>Alexandra Stubelius, <span style="background-color:initial">Florian David and </span><span style="background-color:initial">​Verena Siewers</span><span style="background-color:initial"> about their projects: </span><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/departments/bio/news/Pages/BIO-researchers-receive-prestigious-VR-grants.aspx">BIO researchers receive prestigious VR-grants​</a></span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Computer Science and Engineering</h2> <div>Ivica Crnkovic </div> <div>Mary Sheeran </div> <div>Marina Papatriantafilou </div> <div>Magnus Myreen </div> <div>Philippas Tsigas<span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Electrical Engineering</h2> <div>Erik Agrell </div> <div>Hana Dobsicek Trefna</div> <div>Giuseppe Durisi</div> <div>Mikael Persson</div> <div>Rui Lin<span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Physics</h2> <div>Christian Forssén , <span style="background-color:initial">Mats Halvarsson, </span><span style="background-color:initial">I</span><span style="background-color:initial">stvan Pusztai och </span><span style="background-color:initial">Mattias Thuvander</span><span style="background-color:initial"> tells about the projects they have received grants for: </span><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/departments/physics/news/Pages/Physics-researchers-receive-16-million-in-grants-from-the-Swedish-Research-Council.aspx">Physics researchers receive 16 million in grants from the Swedish Research Council​</a></span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Industrial and Materials Science</h2> <div>Ragnar Larsson <span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering</h2> <div>Joakim Andréasson</div> <div>Maths Karlsson</div> <div>Andreas Dahlin </div> <div>Louise Olsson</div> <div>Marcus Wilhelmsson<span style="background-color:initial"> <br />The Head of the Department comments on the news and the researchers tells about their projects: <br /><a href="/en/departments/chem/news/Pages/Chemistry-researchers-receive-prestigious-funding-.aspx" title="Link to newarticle ">Chemistry researchers recieve prime funding </a></span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Mathematical Sciences</h2> <div>Dennis Eriksson</div> <div>Anders Södergren<span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences</h2> <div>Henrik Ström, who studies <span style="background-color:initial">systems where small reactive particles move in complex geometries. These can be sensors, for example, where you want to be able to detect as quickly as possible whether a certain type of particle is present in a liquid. Read more about his project </span><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Henrik-Ström-receives-prestigious-funding-from-the-Swedish-Research-Council.aspx">&quot;Migration, mixing and modulation in reactive Brownian systems of arbitrary geometric complexity.&quot;​</a></span><span style="background-color:initial">​</span></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience</h2> <div>Saroj Prasad Dash </div> <div>Göran Johansson </div> <div>Samuel Lara Avila </div> <div>Simone Gasparinetti </div> <div>Shumin Wang</div> <div>Jochen Schröder</div> <a href="/en/departments/mc2/news/Pages/MC2-researchers-receive-millions-in-grants-from-the-Swedish-Research-Council.aspx"><div>Read more about some of the research projects</div></a><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Department of Space, Earth and Environment</h2> <div>Giuliana Cosentino, who is researching how and why stars form in the coldest and densest parts of the galaxies. Read more about her <a href="/en/departments/see/news/Pages/VR-grant-to-star-formation-project.aspx">Shock Compressions in the Interstellar Medium, as triggers of Star Formation</a><span style="background-color:initial">. </span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="" target="_blank" title="Link to teh Swedish research council"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about the projects within natural and engineering sciences at the Swedish Research Council</a></div> <div><a href="" target="_blank" title="Link to teh Swedish research council"></a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/news/Pages/Read%20more%20about%20the%20projects%20within%20natural%20and%20engineering%20sciences%20at%20the%20Swedish%20Research%20Council" target="_blank" title="Link to teh Swedish research council" style="outline:currentcolor none 0px"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about the projects within medicin and health at the Swedish Research Council</a>  </div> ​Fri, 05 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0100 center will accelerate industrial use of additive manufacturing<p><b>​Rise is opening up the Application Center for Additive Manufacturing with industrial and academic partners, among them Chalmers. &quot;This will strengthen and improve the infrastructure in additive manufacturing,&quot; says Professor Lars Nyborg, Chalmers.</b></p><span style="background-color:transparent"><div>Combining additive manufacturing or 3D printing with new sustainable materials allows for more flexible and resource-efficient production. But for companies to fully utilize the strength of the technology, support is needed in every step along the supply chain ranging from the development of new business models to product design and testing in a real production environment. Therefore, Rise is opening up the<b> Application Center for Additive Manufacturing</b> together with industrial and academic partners.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Additive manufacturing enables a paradigm shift for the industry and is relevant for many sectors such as aerospace, space, automotive, telecom, maritime, and consumer goods, to name a few. Some advantages are the mass customization enabling unique tailor-made components produced with minimal material waste and optimized for their weight. As a result, the global market for additive manufacturing is expected to continue to grow, and for metallic materials, the market will probably increase by a factor of two by 2025. Therefore, Sweden must continue to invest in additive manufacturing to strengthen its position in this rapidly growing market.</div> <div>&quot;By gathering end users, suppliers of services, technology, and materials with our researchers and experts at Rise, we enable for us to form a robust national ecosystem for additive manufacturing in Sweden,&quot; says <b>Seyed Hosseini</b>, Director of Application Center for Additive Manufacturing.</div> <div><br /></div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>Strengthened and improved infrastructure</strong></p> <div><span></span><span style="background-color:transparent">Via Production Area of Advance, Chalmers hosts the <b><a href="/en/centres/cam2/Pages/default.aspx">Competence Centre for Additive Manufacture</a></b><b> – Metal (CAM2)</b>, focusing on powder, materials, and process development in metal additive manufacturing (AM). In addition, Chalmers co-operates closely with Rise in several projects in the area of AM.</span><br /><span style="background-color:transparent">&quot;The start of this new application center means that we will further enhance the ecosystem in additive manufacturing,&quot; says <b>Lars Nyborg</b>, Director for the <b>Chalmers Production Area of Advance</b>, and continues:</span><br /><span style="background-color:transparent">&quot;The cooperation will bring solutions along the whole technology readiness scale – from research and innovation to implementation and demonstration of solutions – as both centers work with several core industrial partners in the area of AM.&quot;</span><br /><span></span><span style="background-color:transparent">Lars Nyborg points out that the new center will also mean a s</span>trengthened<span style="background-color:initial"> and improved infrastructure in AM</span><span style="background-color:transparent">, concerning metals and polymers and new technologies with</span><span style="background-color:initial"> shared capabilities for </span><span style="background-color:transparent">researchers at Chalmers.</span></div></span><span style="background-color:transparent"><div><span style="background-color:transparent"></span></div></span><span style="background-color:transparent"> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Cooperation – a key to success</b></div> <div>In the center, the industrial partners will have access to the latest research carried out by the research partners, test and demonstrate different additive manufacturing technologies including their pre-, and post-operations, as well as access expertise and competence along the supply chain. To be successful in such an environment, collaboration, and cooperation between all partners in the Center is vital as each partner has unique competence and experience. The center creates an independent and open environment for such collaboration to take place in Sweden. </div> <div>&quot;The center is a good example of how we gather expertise along the entire value chain and create a way to accelerate digital development in the Swedish industry. Additive manufacturing has great potential and now RISE can boost this transformation in taking important steps forward,&quot; says <b>Pia Sandvik</b>, CEO at <b>Rise</b>.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><b>Strong support from industrial partners</b></div> <div>15 partners are onboard from the start. The target group for the center is manufacturing companies, both large and small and medium-sized, but also suppliers of materials, software, and equipment for additive manufacturing. The partnership provides the opportunity to take full advantage of the skills and infrastructure that exist and as a partner, you also contribute to the center. With the help of the center, the threshold to test and evaluate the technology can be reduced.</div> <div>&quot;To be successful in additive manufacturing, you have to take care of the entire process, from equipment, printing process, finishing processes to quality assurance of the components. These are issues that need to be addressed, and we cannot do it ourselves. Still, cooperation between several parties is required,&quot; says <b>Vladimir Navrotsky</b>, Vice President Technology and Innovation, <b>Siemens Energy</b>.</div> <div>&quot;I hope that the results of the evaluations we do within the center will lead us to be mature in making our own decisions about which processes we will roll out in different operations and that we get a good decision basis for our strategy going forward,&quot; says <b>Johan Svenningstorp</b>, Director Research and Technology Development Truck Operations, <b>Volvo Group</b>.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Facts</strong></div> <div>The Application center for additive manufacturing is run by Rise together with the centre's 15 partners: AddUp, Alfa Laval, Chalmers, Digital Metal,, Ericsson, Höganäs, Materialise, Modul-System HH, Nikon Metrology Europe, RENA Technologies Austria, Ringhals (Vattenfall), Siemens Energy, Volvo Cars, Volvo Group and through support from the Västra Götaland region, Vinnova and European Regional Development Fond. It is physically located at Rise in Mölndal but uses the entire research institute's expertise and knowledge. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>More about the center and contact:</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Contacts:</strong></div> <div><strong> </strong></div> <div><strong>Chalmers</strong></div> <div><a href="">Lars Nyborg</a>, Director, Chalmers Production Area of Advance, +46 31 772 12 57</div> <div><a href="">Eduard Hryha</a>, Director, Competence Centre for Additive Manufacture – Metal (CAM2)<span style="background-color:initial;font-weight:700"></span></div></span><span style="background-color:transparent"> <div><b><br /></b></div> <div><b>Rise</b></div> <div><a href="">Seyed Hosseini</a>, Director of Application Center for Additive Manufacturing, Rise, <span style="background-color:transparent">+46 70 780 61 69</span></div> <div><span></span><a href="" target="_blank" title="Link Rise web">More about the center </a><br /></div></span><div> </div> ​​Fri, 22 Oct 2021 11:00:00 +0200 part of unique automated driving test<p><b>​How do we make sure that the human is a reliable fallback and can promptly, safely, and efficiently take back the driving task from automated driving? That’s the key question as Chalmers, together with over 30 stakeholders from academia and industry, now present their findings from Europe’s first comprehensive pilot test of automated driving on public roads. The result is believed to help speed up and harmonize the development of automated driving systems in the future. ​</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The European research project <strong>L3Pilot,</strong> led by Volkswagen and co-funded by the European Commission, has run from 2017 to 2021 with stakeholders from the whole value chain: car manufacturers, suppliers, academia, research institutes, infrastructure and governmental agencies, user groups and the insurance sector. The four-year project will now come to its successful end with performing its Final Event in conjunction with the ITS World Congress in Hamburg 2021 on October 11-15. <br /><br /></span><div>Present at the ITS World Congress are Chalmers researchers from Vehicle Safety at the department of Mechanics and Maritime Studies – <strong>Marco Dozza, Linda Pipkorn, Pierluigi Olleja, along with SAFER representative Erik Svanberg </strong>- to show-case their research findings, which once started with the quest to find out how to optimize safety in automated driving: </div> <div><br /><strong>“We all want full automation, </strong>that is, a vehicle that pick us up and takes us places without us having to think<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/20210701-20211231/Marco%20Dozza.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px 10px" /><br />about driving. But tech is not there yet and there will be a transition phase with partial automation. That means humans and vehicles need to help each other and take turns in the driving task. The most relevant scenario is when a vehicle needs help from the human to sort out a critical situation that may lead to a crash. In such case, the research question is “how do we make sure that the human is a reliable fallback and can promptly, safely, and efficiently take back the driving task?” <span style="background-color:initial">In our research, we tackled this question by exposing drivers to critical situations, where they need to take over control, and see how they do it. In this way, we can design vehicles that help the driver to efficiently coming back to the driving task rather than setting unreasonable expectations on human beings,” says Marco Dozza, professor at Vehicle Safety at the department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences at Chalmers. <br /></span><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial"><br />Europe’s first comprehensive pilot test on public roads </span><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div>The project is the first comprehensive pilot test of automated driving on public roads in Europe, which makes it unique in its kind. Fourteen partners focused on testing automated driving functions in normal motorway driving, traffic jams, urban driving and parking. The pilots, running from April 2019 until February 2021, involved six countries besides Sweden: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxemburg and the United Kingdom and included two cross-border activities between Germany and Luxemburg as well as Germany, Belgium and the United Kingdom. <br /><br /></div> <div><strong>The project equipped 70 vehicles</strong> and the test fleet comprised 13 different vehicle brands, from a passenger car to a SUV. More than 400,000 kilometers were driven on motorways including 200,000 kilometers in an automated mode and 200,000 km in a manual mode as a baseline for comparison of the user experience and evaluation of the impacts. More than 24,000 km were travelled in the automated mode in urban traffic. With the aim to put the focus on the user experience of automated driving functions, over 1,000 persons participated in piloting and complementary virtual environment tests. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“We’re proud about the high number of advanced studies, with a real vehicle on test track and public roads, that we managed to perform within this project, especially given the pandemic. All of these studies advanced our understanding of how drivers behave - how they act and where they look - when transitioning from automated driving to manual in response to take-over requests,” says Linda Pipkorn, PhD student at Vehicle Safety at the department of Mechanics and Maritime Studies at Chalmers. </div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Unique data collection to enhance safety in automated driving</h3></div> <div>One of the major achievements of L3Pilot is establishing a Code of Practice for the development of Automated Driving Functions (CoP-ADF). It provides comprehensive guidelines for supporting the design, development, verification and validation of automated driving technologies.<br /> </div> <div>The four-year project has also involved a considerable collection of valuable data based on the research findings on how pilot participants reacted when going from automated to manual driving in real traffic scenarios. The data will in the next step enable virtual testing to further enhance safety in automated driving. </div> <div><br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/20210701-20211231/lindapipkorn.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px 10px" /><strong>“We found out that, in real traffic,</strong> drivers are able to transition control from automation to manual in response to a take-over request. The transition should be considered as a process of actions - look to instrument cluster, putting hands on wheel, look forward, deactivate automation - that requires a certain amount of time: up to 10 s in real traffic. Our research also showed that, in real traffic, drivers’ visual attention towards the forward road return to similar levels as in manual driving 15 s after a take-over request. In response to take-over requests, drivers may look away from the road towards the instrument cluster rather than to the road. This means that, designing safe automated driving functions requires take-over requests to be issued in all situations that require driver input. In addition, it is important for the automated driving function to be responsible for safe driving at least up to the moment of the automation deactivation but preferably also some time after,” says Linda Pipkorn.  <br /><br /></div> <div>As a part of the L3 pilot project, PhD student Linda Pipkorn carried out a study on a public road in Gothenburg (E6) together with Volvo Cars, in Gothenburg (E6) aiming to find out how the drivers’ gaze behavior changed when going from driving with automation to driving manually again. </div> <div><br />“It turned out that, paradoxically, a take-over request, i.e., the signal from the car that the driver needs to take control can contribute to the drivers looking away from the road rather than looking at the road, which from a traffic safety point of view is not optimal,” Linda explains. </div> <div><br />Her work received <strong>the Honda Outstanding Student Paper Award</strong> <strong>at the 2021 Driving Assessment Conference</strong>, an achievement that Linda herself believes can be explained by the project’s unique design: <br /><br /></div> <div>“I believe that an important factor is that our results are based on data collected on public roads, with a real car and a realistic human-machine interface, which is relatively rare in our research area as tests in a simulated environment are more common. Data collected in a realistic environment is important to be able to draw conclusions that are in line with how the systems will be used in real scenarios in the future,” says Linda Pipkorn. </div> <div><br /><strong>L3Pilot is now believed to pave the way</strong> for scaled-up driving tests with automated series vehicles in real-life traffic. Together with 40 partners – OEM:s, automotive suppliers, research institutes, traffic engineering and deployment companies – Chalmers researchers have already started working on the project <a href="">Hi-Drive</a> with the main objective to extend the data collection across EU borders in variable traffic, weather and visibility conditions. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Lovisa Håkansson<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>L3Pilot facts:  </strong></div> <div>L3Pilot is an Innovation Action, co-funded by the European Union under the Horizon 2020 programme with the contract number 723051.<br /></div> <div>34 organizations have committed to scientifically test and assess the impact of automated driving systems on driver comfort, safety and traffic efficiency as part of the project.<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Twitter:</strong> _L3Pilot_</div> <div><strong>LinkedIn:</strong> L3Pilot </div> <div><strong>Duration: </strong>50 months, 1 September 2017 – 31 October 2021 </div> <div><strong>Total cost:</strong> €68 million</div> <div><strong>EC contribution:</strong> €36 million </div> <div><strong>Coordinator:</strong> Volkswagen AG</div> <div><strong>Partners: </strong></div> <div><strong>Automotive manufacturers:</strong> Volkswagen AG, AUDI AG, BMW Group, Stellantis | Centro Ricerche Fiat SCPA, Ford, Honda R&amp;D Europe, Jaguar Land Rover, Mercedes-Benz AG, Adam Opel AG, Stellantis, Renault, Toyota Motor Europe, Volvo Car Corporation </div> <div><strong>Suppliers:</strong> Aptiv, FEV GmbH, Veoneer Sweden </div> <div><strong>Research:</strong> German Aerospace Center DLR; ika RWTH Aachen University; VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland; Chalmers University of Technology; SNF – Centre for Applied Research at NHH; University of Leeds; Institute of Communication and Computer Systems ICCS; Würzburg Institute for Traffic Sciences WIVW; University of Genoa; TNO – Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research; WMG, University of Warwick; European Center for Information and Communication Technologies – EICT GmbH </div> <div><strong>Authorities:</strong> Federal Highway Research Institute BASt; The Netherlands Vehicle Authority RDW User </div> <div><strong>Groups:</strong> Federation Internationale de l’Automobile FIA Insurers: AZT Automotive GmbH, Swiss Reinsurance Company SMEs: ADAS Management Consulting</div>Thu, 14 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 automated fact-checkers clean up the mess?<p><b>​The dream of free dissemination of knowledge seems to be stranded in fake news and digital echo chambers. Even basic facts seem hard to be agreed upon. So is there hope in the battle to clean up this mess?  </b></p>​Yes! Many efforts are made within the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) research area to find solutions. Learn more about it at our <span style="background-color:initial">seminar, focusing on automated fact-checking, both in research and practice.</span><div><div><br /></div> <div><b>DATE: </b>18 November 2021 (The date has already passed, but see the film from the seminar, link below)</div> <div><b>TIME: </b>09:45–12:00 CET</div> <div><b style="background-color:initial">LOCATION:</b><span style="background-color:initial"> Online or at Lingsalen, Studenternas Hus, Götabergsgatan 17 </span><span style="background-color:initial">​(Registration link below</span><span style="background-color:initial">). </span><br /></div> <div><em>Note! The physical seminar is only for students and staff at Chalmers and University of Gothenburg.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><a href="" target="_blank" title="link to Youtube"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />SEE THE FILM FROM THE SEMINAR​</a></div> <span style="background-color:initial"></span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div><div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">AGENDA​</h3> <div><div></div> <div><div><b>09:45 Introduction </b></div> <div><b>Erik Ström</b>, Director, Information and Communications Technology Area of Advance</div> <div><b>10:00 Looking for the truth in the post-truth era</b></div> <div><b>Ivan Koychev,</b> University of Sofia, Bulgaria. He gives a brief overview of automatically finding the claims and facts in texts along with confirmation or refutation.</div> <div><b>10:30 Computational Fact-Checking for Textual Claims</b></div> <div><b>Paolo Papotti,</b> Associate Professor, EURECOM, France. He will cover the opportunities and limitations of computational fact-checking and its role in fighting misinformation. He will also give examples from the &quot;infodemic&quot; associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.</div> <div><b>11:00 Pause</b></div> <div><b>11:10 Panel discussion. </b></div> <div><b>In the panel:</b></div> <div>Moderator <b>Graham Kemp</b>, professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers. </div> <div><b>Sheila Galt</b>, retired professor of Applied Electromagnetics, Chalmers. Engaged researcher in the Swedish Skeptics Association (Vetenskap och Folkbildning, VoF) for many years.</div> <div><b>Bengt Johansson</b>, professor in Journalism, University of Gothenburg. He has a strong focus on the field of media, power, and democracy. </div> <div><b>Jenny Wiik</b>, researcher and project leader for Media &amp; Democracy. Her research is looking into, e.g., automation of journalism. </div> <div>The keynotes, <b>Ivan Koychev</b> and <b>Paolo Papotti </b>are also part of the discussion.</div> <div><b>12:00 The end​</b></div></div> <div><b><br /></b></div> <div></div></div> <div><em>Chalmers ICT Area of Advance arranges this event as part of the Act Sustainable week.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="" target="_blank" title="link to the Act Sustainable website"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more and register</a> (at theAct Sustainable website)</div> <div><a href="" target="_blank" title="link to the Act Sustainable website"></a><a href="" target="_blank" title="Link to start page Act Sustainable website"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about the Act Sustainable week​</a>​<br /></div></div></div> <div><br /></div></div></div></div> ​Fri, 01 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Seel test bed is now officially underway<p><b>​Sweden's largest testbed for electric mobility– SEEL – is now becoming a reality at Gateway Säve in Gothenburg. The initiative will advance the positions for Swedish research and strengthen cooperation on the development of fossil-free, sustainable means of transport – such as electric vehicles, ships and aircraft. </b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">On 22 September, a symbolic upload was held at Säve Airport, now Gateway Säve, where the construction of the electromobility testbed, SEEL, is now officially underway. Together with Minister for Business, Industry and Innovation Ibrahim Baylan, Castellum, who owns Gateway Säve and Vestia, which is carrying out the construction, Chalmers, Rise and Seel linked up in a symbolic ceremony.</span><div><br /></div> <div>Swedish Electric Transport Laboratory, SEEL, is owned and operated by Chalmers and RISE, in collaboration with Cevt, Scania, Volvo Cars and the Volvo Group and with financial support from the Swedish Energy Agency. SEEL gives industry, academia and institutes in Sweden and Europe access to advanced research infrastructure and provides a platform for collaborations and efficient knowledge development in electromobility. SEEL's facility at Gateway Säve is the largest of a total of three. It will cover 13,300 square meters and be completed in 2023. SEEL's two other facilities are being built in Nykvarn and Borås.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Read more:</strong></div> <div><a href="/en/news/Pages/Electromobility-test-bed-is-being-established.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" /><span style="background-color:initial">E</span><span style="background-color:initial">lectromobility test bed is being established</span></a><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text: Ingrid Claesson</em></div> Wed, 22 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200's-largest-open-dataset-for-the-development-of-self-driving-vehicles-launched-.aspx's-largest-open-dataset-for-the-development-of-self-driving-vehicles-launched-.aspxWorld-unique dataset for self-driving vehicles <p><b>​Self-driving vehicles such as cars, ships and drones offer the potential for reduced costs, lower environmental impacts and fewer accidents. Now, a new open dataset from researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, sets a new standard for evaluating the algorithms of such vehicles, and the development of autonomous transport systems on roads, water and in the air.</b></p><div>​For self-driving vehicles to work, they need to interpret and understand their surroundings. To achieve this, they use cameras, sensors, radar and other equipment, to ‘see’ their environment. This form of artificial perception allows them to adapt their speed and steering, in a way similar to how human drivers react to changing conditions in their surroundings. In recent years, researchers and companies around the world have competed over which software algorithms provide the best artificial perception. To help, they use huge datasets which contain recorded sequences from traffic environments and other situations. These datasets are used to verify that the algorithms work as well as possible and that they are interpreting situations correctly.<br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Open data for researchers and specialists</h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Now, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, is launching a new open dataset called Reeds, in collaboration with the University of Gothenburg, RISE (Research Institutes of Sweden), and the Swedish Maritime Administration, which is now available to researchers and industry worldwide.</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="">The Reeds dataset and more information can be found here.</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The dataset provides recorded surroundings of the test vehicle of the highest quality and accuracy. In order to create the most challenging conditions possible – and thus increase the complexity of the software algorithms – the researchers chose to use a boat, where movements relative to the surroundings are more complex than for vehicles on land. This means that Reeds is the first marine dataset of this type.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Ola Benderius, Associate Professor at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences at Chalmers University of Technology, is leading the project. He hopes the dataset will represent a breakthrough for more accurate verification to increase the quality of artificial perception.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;The goal is to set a standard for development and evaluation of tomorrow's fully autonomous systems. With Reeds, we are creating a dataset of the highest possible quality, that offers great social benefit and safer systems.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The dataset has been developed using an advanced research boat that travels predetermined routes around western Sweden, under different weather and light conditions. The tours will continue for another three years and the dataset will thus grow over time. The boat is equipped with highly advanced cameras, laser scanners, radar, motion sensors and positioning systems, to create a comprehensive picture of the environment around the craft.<br /><br /><img src="/en/departments/m2/news/Documents/GNSS%20antennas%20(2).jpg" alt="GNSS antennas (2).jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px 10px;width:280px;height:297px" /><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">The highest technical standards to open doors to advanced AI </span> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The camera system on the boat contains the latest in camera technology, generating 6 gigabytes of image data per second. A 1.5-hour trip thus provides 16 terabytes of image data – significantly more than what has been presented so far in competing datasets. It also provides far better conditions for verification of artificial perception in the future. </span><br /></div> <div>“Our system is of a very high technical standard. It allows for a more detailed verification and comparison between different software algorithms for artificial perception – a crucial foundation for AI,” says Ola Benderius. </div> <div>During the project, Reeds has been tested and further developed by other researchers at Chalmers, as well as</div> <div>specially invited international researchers. They have worked with automatic recognition and classification of other vessels, measuring their own ship's movements based on camera data, 3D modeling of the environment and AI-based removal of water droplets from camera lenses. <br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Reeds contributes to both cooperation and competition</h3> <div>Reeds also provides the conditions for fair comparisons between different researchers' software algorithms. The researcher uploads their software to Reeds’ cloud service, where the evaluation of data and comparison with other groups’ software takes place completely automatically. The results of the comparisons are published openly, so anyone can see which researchers around the world have developed the best methods of artificial perception in different areas. This means that large amounts of raw data will gradually accumulate and the data will be analysed continuously and automatically in the cloud service. Reeds’ cloud service thus provides the conditions for both collaboration and competition between research groups,  meaning that over time artificial perception will increase in complexity for all types of self-driving systems.<br /><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More about the research project</h3> <div>The project began in 2020 and has been run by Chalmers University of Technology in collaboration with the University of Gothenburg, Rise and the Swedish Maritime Administration. The Swedish Transport Administration is funding the project.</div> <div>In 2019, the researchers in the <a href="">Reeds project published an article describing how a high-quality dataset and a platform for evaluating algorithms could be realised.</a></div> <div> </div> <div>Read a <a href="">preprint of a forthcoming scientific article describing the technical logging platform and how data from Reeds can be used.​</a><br /><br />Listen to Reeds' project leader Ola Benderius talk about autonomous cars, boats, planes and drones and the need for a common dataset in the<a href=""> podcast The Peggy Smedley Show​</a>.<span style="background-color:initial">​ </span></div></div></div>Mon, 20 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 in focus for the new Director for Energy Area of Advance<p><b>​Tomas Kåberger is the new Director of Chalmers Energy Area of Advance. He took office on 1 September.– It feels so good to hand over to Tomas, he has the knowledge, experience and network in the society and industry to pursue strategic sustainability issues that benefit societal development, says Maria Grahn who is now leaving the assignment.</b></p>​<img src="/sv/styrkeomraden/energi/PublishingImages/Tomas_Kåberger_4_Highrez.jpg" alt="Tomas Kåberger" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" style="margin:5px 10px;width:350px;height:337px" /><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Tomas Kåberger's</strong> hallmark is to drive change from different platforms. So what does the vision look like when you now take on this task?</span><div>– The world's energy supply is developing rapidly and research results and new technology are valuable. Chalmers’ researchers have a lot to offer and I want to help in making this knowledge useful, says Tomas Kåberger, who is reinstated professor of Industrial Energy Policy at Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><br /></div> <div>Tomas left his professorship at Chalmers three years ago, to work with energy technology innovations and industrial development together with InnoEnergy, which is part of the EIT, European Institute of Innovation and Technology. He has also until recently been a member of the Swedish Government's Climate Policy Council and will continue as chairman of the Renewable Energy Institute in Tokyo and board member of Vattenfall.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>– The key word during my years </strong>as Director for Chalmers Energy Area of Advance has been collaboration and achieving exciting strategic collaborations together with academia, authorities and industry, says Maria Grahn, associate professor at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.</div> <div>For research on complex systems, the term wicked sustainability problems is sometimes used. One example is the transition into sustainable energy and transport systems.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/sv/styrkeomraden/energi/nyheter/PublishingImages/Maria_G.jpg" alt="Maria Grahn" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px" />– Now, for example, electric cars are part of the solution, but as soon as you introduce electric cars, you have to deal with new challenges - you have to think about cobalt and lithium with all that entails regarding resource constraints and other risks such as child labor. But there is no actor who can solve a wicked problem on his own. So we have to take on the challenge from a larger perspective so that we really create a sustainable society and achieve the UN's sustainability goals, says Maria Grahn.</div> <div>During her time as Director for the Energy area, she introduced a special track for collaborative projects, where researchers can apply for funding where they take on a challenge based issue from at least two different aspects to find as sustainable solutions as possible.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>The IPCC's latest report,</strong> Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis, is the sharpest to date, with the same message as previous reports but now with even larger letters and with even more consensus among the researchers. In media reporting, one hears that much must change, not just the energy system, but everything from what we consume, to how it is produced. Here you have to be wise strategically and have a long-term focus.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>How do you see the role of Chalmers University of Technology and the Areas of Advance in contributing to this transition?</strong></div> <div>– Yes, the threat levels look worse. But at the same time, the technical solutions have become better and economically competitive. Now it is more about quickly putting the new technology into use and developing the industry in Sweden and Europe to enable global economic prosperity. Now it is more important and more fun to engage in energy technologies than it has been in 100 years, says Tomas Kåberger.</div> <div>Tomas is constantly moving between academia, authorities, environmental organizations, and companies, and they are also the ones who gather at our seminars.</div> <div>– Here, he points out, that Chalmers Areas of Advance has, in organized collaborations with companies at open seminars, managed to establish an arena that attracts participants from Chalmers and society. With these contacts with the outside world, Chalmers also contributes to the formation of new constellations of researchers to handle research tasks that are relevant to the outside world.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What do you especially want to highlight?</strong></div> <div>– After the pandemic year, I hope that we will be able to have more creative meetings both internally and externally, and that the combination of real meetings and all the communication methods we have now learned will give us even more international exchange.</div> <div>Tomas Kåberger wants to contribute with efficient internal processes and focus on getting results in use.</div> <div>– It will be inspiring to, together with talented Chalmers researchers, contribute to the industrial development of western Sweden, Sweden and Europe, he concludes.<br /><br /><b>Related:<br /></b><span></span><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Renewable Energy Institute, Japan</a><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Vattenfall</a><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Swedish Climate Policy Council</a><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />InnoEnergy</a><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Tomas Kåberger – Wiki​</a><br /><br /><br />Photo: Christian Löwhagen<br />Text: Ann-Christine Nordin</div> <div><br /></div> ​Thu, 09 Sep 2021 10:15:00 +0200 researchers heading to the Arctic Ocean<p><b>​At the end of July, a polar research expedition departs from Helsingborg in Sweden. Onboard are Chalmers researchers Amanda Nylund and Anna Lunde Hermansson, who will be investigating changes in the marine Arctic system.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Amanda Nylund and Anna Lunde Hermansson, researchers at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences at Chalmers, will study the status of the Arctic ecosystem in an expedition called Synoptic Arctic Survey. In the Swedish part of the journey, 39 researchers from 14 departments will participate, of which six are Swedish universities. It is part of an international expedition where Oden is one of twelve research vessels.</span><div><span style="background-color:initial">The Arctic is the part of our planet that is currently most affected by global warming, making it an important region to map. The aim is that the measurements made during the expedition will lead to a better understanding of how variations in the Arctic Ocean are interconnected, how the carbon and ecosystems react to climate change, and how chemical and biological disturbances in one region can spread to another. The expedition will travel to a relatively unexplored area in the Arctic Ocean. </span><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">B</span><span style="background-color:initial">efore their departure on July 26, a one-week quarantine awaits everyone on board due to the pandemic. At the beginning of August, the observations in the Arctic Ocean begin. The estimated return to Helsingborg is at the end of September.</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What will you focus on in this expedition?</strong></div> <div><strong>Amanda:</strong> We will look at the chemical measurements that concern the carbonate system.</div> <div><strong>Anna: </strong>In our team, we are responsible for three of the measurements. We will spend a lot of time on deck and in the lab. We will be working in shifts to get all the samples done on time.</div> <div><strong>Amanda:</strong> Previously, more physical and chemical measurements have been made compared to biological ones. And now there is a great effort to do all this work simultaneously. Since all of these pieces are connected, our measurements will be part of a bigger whole.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>How does it feel going to the Arctic?</strong></div> <div><strong>Anna: </strong>It feels like a privilege to be able to dive deep into these subjects in an isolated place. Our expedition will take us to an area where there has hardly been a research expedition before, which also feels fantastic.</div> <div><strong>Amanda:</strong> I've always wanted to go to the Arctic or the Antarctic. I have previously been to Svalbard but stayed mostly on land during that trip. What we are doing now is an incredible opportunity for any researcher. The expedition is so well organized and extensive. We will measure everything when we are out there. For me, this is a dream come true. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Will you encounter any polar bears?</strong></div> <div><strong>Amanda:</strong> It would be amazing to get out on the ice even if it is not the main focus of this expedition. I would love to see some polar bears, but also whales and birds.</div> <div><strong>Anna: </strong>There will not be a separate research group onboard that specifically studies marine birds and mammals, but we are encouraged to keep an eye out and log our observations if possible, a bit in the style of citizen research. We can also help with fishing and see what kind of fish is out there. We'll see if we will get any sleep at all. Maybe we will only work with the measurements and look for different kinds of animals while we are there. I will definitely bring a pair of binoculars with me. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>How have you prepared before departure?</strong></div> <div><strong>Amanda: </strong>We already know what kind of measurements we will be doing and have a good supervisor. There will be doctors on board and we have gotten a lot of information before we go, which makes it feel incredibly safe since this is the first time we are doing this. </div> <div><strong>Anna:</strong> I have mostly been preparing the practical things, like buying an external hard drive because we will not have access to the internet when we are there. And to make sure that the insurances are in order. What I worry about the most is that we all have to sit isolated in separate hotel rooms a week before departure. That kind of challenge feels much harder somehow.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What are you looking forward to the most?</strong></div> <div><strong>Anna: </strong>I am very much looking forward to going into a research bubble and the daily interaction with other researchers. I have been missing this kind of work during the pandemic even if we have kept in touch digitally.</div> <div><strong>Amanda: </strong>Discovering new things together and wondering what our finds can mean is so exciting. I look forward to finding out what it looks like there. In areas like this, you feel small as a human being and can marvel at nature. It is very far away from everything and we will be isolated from the outside world. This experience will most certainly pave the way for new perspectives.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What do you hope that your research will lead to? </strong></div> <div><strong>Anna: </strong>I hope that we can contribute to the understanding of how the Arctic is changing, but also how the Arctic environment can affect and be affected by climate change. We do not know that now and that is why this expedition is so necessary. We need increased knowledge about how we can preserve the area. Now that the ice is melting, there is a possibility that shipping will increase in the area. It is important that this is not allowed uncontrollably and that we have a plan for it based on research.</div> <div><strong>Amanda: </strong>There are many &quot;white spots&quot; on the map with regards to measuring points in the Arctic. Therefore, new measuring points can mean a great deal to our understanding of the place. It is a very important area that we know very little about. What we learn on the expedition can give us a clue as to what may happen in the future.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Text: </strong>Vedrana Sivac</div> <div><strong>Photo:</strong> Private</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="" title="link to" target="_blank">Read more about the expedition </a></div> <div><a href="" title="link to" target="_blank">A map of the expedition route </a></div> <div><br /></div>Tue, 13 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0200