Junfei Tang, Electrical Engineering

​Title of thesis: Design and Control of Electrically Excited Synchronous Machines for Vehicle Applications


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Junfei Tang is a PhD student at the Electrical machines and power electronics group
Faculty opponent is Professor Mats Alaküla, Faculty of Engineering, Lund University
Examiner is Professor Ola Carlson from the Power grids and components group

Abstract

Electrically excited synchronous machines (EESMs) are becoming an alternative to permanent magnet synchronous machines (PMSMs) in electric vehicles (EVs). This mainly attributes to the zero usage of rare-earth materials, as well as the ability to achieve high starting torque, the effectiveness to do field weakening and the flexibility to adjust power factor provided by EESMs. Furthermore, in case of converter failure at high speed, safety can be improved by shutting down the field current in EESMs. 

The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential application of EESMs in EVs. To achieve this aim, several topics are covered in this study. These topics are studied to confront the challenges before EESMs could become prevalent and to maximumly use the advantages of EESMs for EV applications. In control strategies, the challenge is to properly adjust the combination of stator and field currents so that high power factor and minimum copper losses can be achieved. To tackle this, control strategies are proposed so that reactive power consumption and total copper losses are minimized. With the proposed strategies, the output power is maximized along the torque-speed envelope and high efficiency in field-weakening is achieved. In dynamic current control, due to the magnetic couplings between field winding and stator winding, a current rise in one winding would induce an electromagnetic force (EMF) in the other. This introduces disturbances in dynamic current control. In this study, a current control algorithm is proposed to cancel the induced EMF and the disturbances are mitigated. In machine design, high starting torque and effective field weakening are expected to be achieved in the same EESM design. To realize this, some criteria need to be satisfied. These criteria are derived and integrated into the design procedure including multi-objective optimizations. A 48 V EESM is prototyped during the study. In experimental verification, a torque density of 10 N·m/L is achieved including cooling jacket. In field excitation, a contactless excitation technology is adopted, which leads to inaccessibility of the field winding. To realize precise control of field current in a closed loop, an estimation method of field current is proposed. Based on the estimation, closed-loop field current control is established. The field current reference is tracked within an error of 2% in experimental verifications. The cost of an EESM drive increases because of the additional converter used for field excitation. A technique is proposed in which the switching harmonics are extracted for field excitation. With this technique, both stator and field windings can be powered using only one inverter. 

From all the challenges tackled in this study, it can be concluded that the application of EESMs in EVs is feasible.  ​
Category Thesis defence
Location: https://chalmers.zoom.us/j/68624590055
Starts: 12 April, 2021, 10:00
Ends: 12 April, 2021, 13:00

Page manager Published: Mon 15 Mar 2021.