News: Architecture and Civil Engineering, Arkitektur, Bygg- och miljöteknik related to Chalmers University of TechnologyMon, 29 Nov 2021 00:44:43 +0100 grant 46 millions to research in built environment<p><b>In Formas' recently announced decisions for calls in the built environemnt area, ACE's share of granted projects is worth close to SEK 46.5 million. The projects that have been granted span several different research areas, divisions and research groups, which highlights the versatility and breadth within the department.</b></p><div>​The approved applications, which aim to understand and meet the need for sustainable and resilient structures and systems in society, was composed despite the spring semester being characterized by a pandemic and work from home, and after the overall austerity measures came into force.    </div> <br /><div>   – It's fantastic seeing these successfull applications! Our joint efforts in recent years are coming into effect and it is becoming increasingly clear that society's challenges need our broad knowledge and competence. This shows the strength of ACE as a department and not least the strength of our researchers, says Fredrik Nilsson, head of the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">New research projects receives funding</h2></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">In the Formas annual open call:   </h3> <div> </div> <div>Towards net-zero infrastructure: fixing clay with clay </div> <div><span>Jelke Dijkstra, Geology and Geotechnics      </span></div></div> <div><div><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>3 000 000    </div> <div> </div> <div><span>Oxidation Demand and Rate (ODaR) as a sensitive proxy of biostability in drinking water<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></div> <div>Kathleen Murphy, <span><span>Water Environemnt Technology<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></span>   </div> <div>3 000 000    </div> <div> </div> <div>Life Cycle Assessment and Circular Economy in building design practice – Two sides of the same coin? </div> <div><span><span><span></span></span>Holger Wallbaum, Building Technology<br /></span></div> <div><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>3 000 000     </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">In the Formas annual open call for early-career researchers:</h3> <div> </div> <div>Shedding light on internal damage: fibre optic-driven condition assessment of corroded concrete structures </div> <div><span>Ignasi Fernandez, Structural Engineering </span></div></div> <div><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>4 000 000   <br /><br />Managing risks and improving soil functions by Gentle Remediation Options (GRO)<br /><span>Yevheniya Volchko, Geology and Geotechnics    <span style="display:inline-block"><br /></span></span></div> <div><div><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>3 999 000    </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">In the Climate gains through resource efficiency call:</h3> <div> </div> <div>Design for Adaption for resource efficient timber structures    </div> <div><span>Yutaka Goto, Building Technology    </span></div></div> <div><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>7 980 000    <br /><br />Improving Resource-Efficiency in the Circular Value Chain of Plastic in Construction <br /><span>Holger Wallbaum, Building Technology<br /></span></div> <div><div><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>7 228 000   </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">In the Climate change adaption of the built environment call:</h3> <div> </div> <div>Quantification of the impact of climate change on the built environment at regional scale     </div> <div><span>Minna Karstunen, Geology and Geotechnics </span></div></div> <div><div><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>7 997 000    </div> <div> </div> <div>Resilient stormwater management in a changing climate - optimizing gully pots </div> <div><span>Mia Bondelind, Water Environment Technology<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></div> <div>7 996 762   </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">In the International network grant for the SDGs  call:</h3> <div>Roadmap towards adaptability of timber buildings     </div> <div><span>Robert  Jockwer, Structural Engineering<br /></span></div></div> <div><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>200 000</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Catharina Björk<br /></div>Fri, 26 Nov 2021 10:00:00 +0100, butterflies and physics – AHA Festival 2021<p><b>​From magicians to gecko’s, migrating butterflies and fine art, music and dancing, and not least an afternoon dedicated to how we experience colours, and why. The Aha festival makes a meeting point for scientists, students, artists and musicians to discover new paths in the interface of science and art – together with the audience.</b></p><div>​This year’s festival theme is “The suspension of disbelief” and the festival is held in Kårhuset at campus Johanneberg 24 – 26 November. The program contains various kinds of lectures, workshops, exhibitions, panels, performances, and concerts. Curiosity is the common denominator for all activities of the program, which celebrate science and art, all woven together with questions about our existence.              </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The idea of a cross-border and international festival was born during a poetry evening at former department of Architecture at Chalmers. Inspired by the artistic activities at the department, the first Aha Festival was arranged in 2014. This year's festival, arranged for the seventh time around, engages several of Chalmers' institutions and offers glimpses into a wide range of Chalmers research and activities. <br /></div> <div><br />   – It might not be that well known, but Chalmers actually rests upon both a scientific and an artistic ground. This is one way of expressing that. The driving force behind all creativity is curiosity and the most essential questions are the ones that you have in mind when you leave the festival”, says Peter Christensson, project leader of the AHA festival.     </div> <div><br /></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Some highlights from this years program:       </h3></div> <div><br /></div> <div><ul><li><strong>Lessons from ”Queenie” with Lovette Jallow – mitigating Algorithmic bias in AI systems</strong>  Lovette Jallow – writer, entrepreneur, and activist, will hold a lecture about racism and white privilege in the light of this years “One book one Chalmers book” “Queenie” by Candice Carty-Williams. Feat. students from JämK, Chalmers Equality Committee. <br />24 november 10.00-11.00            <br /></li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div><ul><li><strong>The metaphors' of physics</strong> A talk between writer and mathematician Helena Granström, and writer and physicist Julia Ravanis, about the role visual or linguistic metaphors play for the theories and models they make a part of, and where the line is drawn between the models of physics and the reality. <br />24 november 12.00-13.00      </li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div><ul><li><strong>Morgan Palmquist and Blå tåget</strong> A talk beteween Tore Berger and Torkel Rasmusson from Swedish band Blå Tåget with Morgan Palmqvist, Doctor with a thesis on the band, followed by a unique concert with Tore Berger &amp; Torkel Rasmusson, accompanied by Torgny Sjöstedt.   <br />24 november 17.00-18.30      </li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div><ul><li>A<strong>bout colour perception: Do we see with our eyes or brain and How are color experiences represented?</strong> and <strong>What is color, how do we perceive colors and how do they affect us?</strong> The color of a thing is related to its interaction with electromagnetic radiation, but still, an orange is orange, right? Listen to researchers discussing the topic from different angles. In addition, workshop in Color lab and let yourself be drawn into the world of colour!<br />25 november 12.45-16.00 (several presentations)   <br />24 - 26 november Color lab (open for visitors all festival)    </li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><ul><li><strong>Lontano – concert with Anja Lechner and François Couturier</strong>  Their musical collaboration is long established; the German cellist and the French pianist traverse a wide musical arc - embracing familiar melodies by Giya Kancheli, Anouar Brahem and others, and pieces which offer scope for improvisation and personal interpretation. <br />25 november 18.30-19.30    </li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div><ul><li><strong>Physics for butterflies and stage artists</strong> Monarch butterflies migrate from Canada to Mexico, but not in the lifetime of one butterfly – the journey takes several generations. How is this possible? Lecture by Fredrik Höök, Chalmers, followed by a performance in which five performing artists offer artistic interpretations of the butterflies' migration and metamorphosis.  <br />26 november 11.00-13.00         </li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Full program on the Aha festival web  </a>     </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Quick facts:     </h3> <div>The Aha festival at Chalmers is open 24-26 November.   </div> <div>Welcom to Chalmers kårhus in campus Johanneberg, Chalmersplatsen 1, Gothenburg. The festival activities are held in the Volvo foyer, the Runan hall and the Scania hall.   </div> <div> </div> <div>Free entrance, open to the public!  </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Contact:   </h3> <div>Peter Christensson, project leader of the Aha festival: +46 31 7722361, <a href=""></a>    </div> <div>Fredrik Höök, project leader of the Aha festival: +46 31 7726130, <a href=""> </a>    </div></div> <div><br /></div> <br />Mon, 22 Nov 2021 11:00:00 +0100 part of the solution to global sanitary problems<p><b>​The World Toilet Day is a UN initiative to highlight the global situation with 3.6 billion people living without access to safely managed sanitation*. The UN SDG 6 spells “Clean water and sanitation”, and the World Toilet Day aims at celebrating toilets and to raise awareness of the severe problems connected to deficient sanitation systems. Theme of 2021 is” Sustainable sanitation and climate change”. But what is the connection between sustainable sanitation systems and climate change? And how can research contribute?</b></p><div>​   – A well-functioning sewage system where wastewater is transported and treated in an efficient, hygienic, and environmentally friendly way is fundamental to protect the environment and human health, says Professor Britt-Marie Wilén, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Climate change causes droughts, floods and rising sea levels, which threatens our sanitation systems in various ways. Floodwaters can spread human waste to drinking water sources and food crops and cause disease. Discharges of wastewater can also lead to eutrophication, which causes fish and aquatic plants and animals to die.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>For Sweden’s part, increasing amounts of precipitation effect society as pipes and treatment plants aren’t dimensioned for an inflow that sometimes increases tenfold, which leads to an overflow in the sewage systems where polluted wastewater is discharged into the environment.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>   – In countries that do not have sewage systems to the same extent, dry latrines can even be a better solution. In Sweden we have functioning systems that purify to a very high degree. What we are studying is how we can improve the processes further in terms of emission quality and energy consumption. Already today we extract energy from wastewater in the form of biogas, and in the future we may even be able to develop energy-neutral treatment plants. If we can find environmentally friendly, compact and resource-efficient processes, we can in the long run contribute to better sewage treatment and applications in countries with less developed systems, Britt-Marie Wilén comments.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Bacteria do the job</h2> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>With her promotion in 2021, Britt-Marie Wilén became Chalmers first female professor in the water and sanitation area**. She has a solid background at Chalmers and is part of the research theme of wastewater treatment and resource recovery (Bioresource Labs) in the Division of Water Environment Technology, with “Bio” being the key to sustainable wastewater treatment, according to Britt-Marie.    <img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/BoM/Profilbilder/Vatten%20Miljö%20Teknik%20-%20profilbilder/Britt-Marie-Wilen.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>   – Purification with biological processes is based on bacteria doing the work of purifying the water. We don’t add any bacteria but create conditions in the treatment plant to make the bacteria from human faeces, as well as those that come in with stormwater and leakage into the pipe network, thrive and flourish.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>A common method for purification where bacteria play an important role is the so called” activated sludge process”, where dissolved organic and inorganic substances in the wastewater, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, are converted into particles that can be separated. The bacteria grow and become sludge, and the sludge can, after purifying the wastewater, be used for biogas by digestion.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Compact and efficient cleaning processes create sustainability</h2></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The goal for the researchers is thus to develop as resource-efficient, compact and environmentally friendly purification processes as possible. Like minimizing the use of chemicals and energy by reducing the amount of pumping and adding of oxygen, and to build less space-consuming purification processes. Through research, one can understand the processes better and make them more efficient, and thus move forward on the road to a more sustainable sewage management.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>   – We try to understand what affects which bacteria can be found in the treatment plant and what they do. In this way, we can create conditions that make them thrive. We know, for instance, that bacteria like to grow together to assimilate nutrients in an easier way. We test different growth environments and growing methods such as granular sludge and biofilm where the bacteria grow close together. If you understand which bacteria do the job and how, then you can also understand how to control different parameters in a treatment plant, explains Britt-Marie.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>The researchers at Chalmers collaborate with the municipal company Gryaab in the treatment plant Ryaverket in Gothenburg. The group is also looking at how to generate energy from wastewater, through so-called microbial electrochemical cells, a technique still at a research level, but in the long run could enable for treatment plants to generate their own energy in an even more efficient way, compared to current technology with digestion of sludge to biogas.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Other important research is about understanding how drug residues can be taken care of in the treatment plant – and also for this purpose, bacteria can be part of the solution.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>   – We consume more and more drugs, which means that drug residues end up in the wastewater. This is a real problem because it has been shown to be related to hormonal disorders in fish and aquatic organisms, and cause antibiotic resistance  says Britt-Marie.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>All water in nature is connected and becomes part of the natural cycle, and sewage treatment is thus important to protect all water in society.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>By: Catharina Björk<br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>*3.6 billion people do not have access to a safely managed sanitation service (WHO/UNICEF 2021)  </div> <div> </div> <div>** Ann Mattsson is employed by Gryaab AB and was appointed adjunct professor in water and sewage technology in Chalmers by 2013.    </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Read more about the World Toilet Day and SDG6</a><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Read more about the research in the wastewater treatment area</h3> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Publications by Britt-Marie Wilén and colleagues </a> </div> <div> </div> <div><a href=";query=&amp;f_funder=&amp;f_person=&amp;f_organization=&amp;f_organization_country=&amp;f_is_public=&amp;f_is_verified=&amp;f_local_orgs_level_2=c3ea27a9-c971-4fe4-b7b7-608f000452b1%7cVatten+Milj%u00f6+Teknik">Research projects of the Division of Water Environment Technology    </a></div> <div>Read more about bacteria: <a href="/en/departments/ace/news/Pages/New-method-helps-us-understand-natures-sanitation-workers.aspx">&quot;New method helps us understand nature's own sanitation workers&quot;</a><br /></div>Fri, 19 Nov 2021 07:00:00 +0100 poverty through satellite images<p><b>Algorithms are trained to detect levels of poverty by looking at sattelite images in this collaboration between computer scientists at Chalmers and poverty researchers at the University of Gothenburg.  </b></p>​Poverty <span lang="EN-US">research of today is dependent on survey data from interviews with people living under the conditions that are studied. Gathering statistics from rural areas of Africa for instance is both costly and a slow way of learning about the situation, leading to a lack of data far from being sufficient to get a good overview of the living conditions in Africa.<br /></span><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color:initial"><br />– Better</span><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color:initial"> knowledge about the living conditions would mean better tools in fighting poverty, says Adel Daoud, poverty researcher and project leader of two projects funded by the Swedish Research Council and Formas with the ambition to create an algorithm that can look at satellite images and tell us the status of both health and economic condition of the population in the area. Adel is also an affiliated researcher at Chalmers Data Science and AI division.<br /></span><span style="background-color:initial"><br />The project is a collaboration between social scientists at the University of Gothenburg and computer scientists at Chalmers. Also, researchers from the Department of Statistics at Harvard and from the Institute for Analytical Sociology, </span><span style="background-color:initial">Linköping</span><span style="background-color:initial"> University will participate in the project. In the project data from surveys and satellite images are linked together to teach the AI-system how to detect different aspects of poverty. The algorithm compares images from 1984 up to 2020.</span><div> <div><p><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color:initial"><br />– The</span><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color:initial"> algorithm learns what is characteristic for places with high poverty when viewed from above. It predicts what type of fuel that is common, if cell phones are common, are there hospitals and access to education? What are the most common means of transportation and do people in general have bank accounts in the area?</span><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color:initial">, says Fredrik Johansson, Assistant Professor at the Data Science and AI division, Chalmers. <br /></span><span style="background-color:initial"><br />A</span><span style="background-color:initial"> later part of the project deals with using the data to study so called poverty traps, where societies seem to be in a loop of poverty despite initiatives to rise from it. The AI system will provide data that may be used to evaluate factors that have impact on poverty and living conditions, like political decisions, infrastructural initiatives and more.</span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color:initial">– Why</span><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color:initial"> are some governments better than others in fighting poverty? Are there political strategies that are more successful than others? Is there a railroad between villages that has improved living standards or has the government in the country gone from an authoritarian regime to democracy? says Adel Daoud.</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span></p></div> <div><p><span style="background-color:initial">The prospects look good. Already the algorithms have proven to be very efficient in supplying predictions of living standards.<br /></span></p></div> <div> <p><span lang="EN-US">– Our first </span><span lang="EN-US">results are very promising. In particular, we are excited to see that our models are able to predict poverty levels at different points in time than they were trained on. This takes us closer to the goal of identifying poverty traps&quot;, says Fredrik Johansson.<br /></span><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color:initial"><i><br />Adel Daoud and Fredrik Johansson, Computer Science and Engineering.<br /></i></span></p></div></div>Mon, 18 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 will help Sweden's researchers visualise scientific data<p><b>The Chalmers-led platform InfraVis has been granted funding from VR, the Swedish Research Council, to build a new national infrastructure for visualization and analysis of scientific data. The new infrastructure will give researchers access to expertise and development of competence in nine Swedish universities and contribute to enhance Sweden’s competitiveness in handling big data.</b></p>​Today, the latest technology in data visualization is available at several universities in Sweden, but for the individual researcher it can be difficult to get started as a user as the technology requires expertise, time and resources. InfraVis will be able to remedy this by creating a common gateway to the advanced technologies in combination with competence-enhancing initiatives for researchers around the country.  <br /><br />InfraVis thus meets a growing need and <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/monica-billger.aspx">Monica Billger</a>, main applicant and Professor of Architecture and Visualization at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering at Chalmers, expects users from a wide range of disciplines such as humanities, medicine and technology, already during the first year.   <br /><br />   – Data analysis is an increasingly important part of the researchers' workflow, but also a challenge as it can involve very large and complex amounts of data. Here, visualization can come in as an important tool for activating our ability to recognize patterns and detect trends, says Monica Billger.  <br /><br />In addition to support researchers, InfraVis experts around the country will be strengthened themselves through collaboration. Local resources will also be given the opportunity for further development in a sustainable structure. Anders Ynnerman, Professor of Visualization at Linköping University which is one of the collaborators, states that “the investment in InfraVis confirms Sweden's strong position in visualization research in the world and gathers the country's experts to offer Swedish researchers unique opportunities for advanced visual data analysis. Anders Ynnerman think InfraVis is an example of a new generation of infrastructures that includes both hardware and software, but above all also human expertise.  <br /><br />   – The management of an infrastructure with nine different universities as partners requires good cooperation, which the InfraVis consortium already have established as the decision to fund the national infrastructure has been preceded by careful planning and close cooperation between the host university Chalmers and the other partner universities, states Monica Billger.  <br /><br /><div>The collaborating parties are: Chalmers University of Technology, University of Gothenburg, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Linköping University, Linnaeus University, Lund University, Mid Sweden University, Umeå University and Uppsala University.  </div> <div><br /></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Quote from the international assessor’s remark  </h3> <div>“<em>The idea of a visualization competence infrastructure is novel, timely and needed. InfraVis combines national strength in this field to propose a new model for making this competence accessible to other fields. It could serve as a blueprint for other IT competence fields in Sweden and for visualization in other countries. This is an excellent project that addresses an important need, especially that this infrastructure is relevant to all sciences and also addresses important societal aspects. It would be unique in the world</em>.”  </div> <div><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Contact:</h3> <div>Monica Billger, Professor in Architecture and Visualisation at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering at Chalmers University of Technology <br />Ph. +46 317722383<br /><a href="">  </a>  </div> <div><br /></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Other contact persons:</h3> <div><a href="/en/departments/ace/news/Documents/Contact%20persons%20from%20partner%20universities.pdf"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/en/departments/ace/news/_layouts/images/icpdf.png" alt="Kontaktpersoner universitet.pdf" />Contact persons from partner universities.pdf</a><br /></div> <div><br /></div></div></div>Tue, 28 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 the vaccine distribution in Indonesia<p><b>​A global team of students and their mentor from Chalmers won The Junior Academy Challenge for their holistic concept for Covid-19 vaccine distribution in Indonesia, worlds largest archipelagic nation.</b></p>​<span><a href="" target="_blank">The Junior Academy</a>, gathers science-interested students and mentors from all over the world to build teams and design innovative solutions to society’s greatest challenges. One of the challenges, all based on <a href="">UN: s SDG´s</a>, of spring 2021 was “Global Vaccine Distribution”. The winning team was led by mentor Shashank Bhattarai, a master's student from Chalmers. His team presented a solution to improve and accelerate vaccine distribution across Indonesia, the world's largest archipelagic nation, with the world’s fourth largest population and a low vaccine acceptance rate. The winning concept was named Karikó, in honor of Prof. Dr. Katalin Karikó, Hungarian biochemist and pioneer in mRNA technology used within vaccines for covid-10.     <br /><br />&quot;In short, it was the hard work, positive attitude, teamwork and desire to help the community that helped the team Karikó come up with the winning solution&quot;, says Shashank Bhattarai.     <br /><br />The winning concept addresses the identified key priorities: production, allocation, supply chain and transportation, tracking and acceptance &amp; access, and focuses on cold chain logistics, drone delivery, spatial data science, vaccine storage units, Hash graphs &amp; IOT and online platforms. Although the concept is designed for conditions in Indonesia it does have a worldwide applicability. Shashank Bhattarai reflects on how elements from education was utilized in the challenge process.    <br /><br />&quot;The master’s programme<a href="/en/education/programmes/masters-info/Pages/Infrastructure-and-Environmental-Engineering.aspx"> Infrastructure and environmental engineering​</a> at Chalmers is an interdisciplinary program following problem based learning (PBL) where we work in various teams and find solutions skimming through wide arrays of information. This process of working as a team helped me during my mentoring journey with setting up weekly milestones, effective communication, scheduling and followup.&quot;     <br /><br />The teams participating in the challenge is made up of students in ages 13-17, and Team Karikó had team members from the USA, the UK and Argentina. One of the key elements in the challenge is the ability to cooperate despite geographical distances and cross nation borders.    <br /><br /></span><div><span>&quot;My mentorship journey has been a profound learning experience and it is definitely a proud moment to be mentoring the team who came up with the winning solution. On a personal level, the process has helped me push my boundaries as this was the first time i worked as a mentor in an international platform. The process has definitely reinforced my deftness in research, communication, team work and skilled listening which i believe is an important tool for academic, professional as well as personal development&quot;, says Shashank Bhattarai.      <br /></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Catharina Björk</div> <div><span></span></div> <span><br /><em>Each year, </em><a href="" target="_blank"><em>The New York Academy of Sciences</em></a><em> selects 1,000 students in ages 13-17 to become part of The Junior Academy. The Swedish Partner of the NYAS is </em><a href=""><em>IVA, the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences</em></a><em>, who administrates participation and engage mentors representing Sweden, and also is behind the particular challenge of Global Vaccine Distribution. Students work together online on challenges in self-selected, international teams of up to 6 members. Each team is paired with a STEM professional who serves as a mentor for the duration of the 10-week challenge period. The project-based challenges are focused on the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The Academy presents challenges twice per year. Challenges run from September through December and again from January through May.  </em> <span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>Wed, 30 Jun 2021 16:00:00 +0200 healthcare home<p><b>​In the future, more health care will be provided at home, instead of in the hospital. Together with several partners, Chalmers is now starting the initiative Hospitals at home, which brings together research and pilot projects under one umbrella.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Healthcare is changing, and increasingly moved to the patient’s home. There are several reasons for this development. An aging population, often with chronic and sometimes complicated diseases, is putting pressure on healthcare and makes it necessary to change the way it is organized. At the same time, new technical solutions enable a more flexible healthcare, wherever and whenever we want. Some examples are digital consultations, mobile healthcare services, self-monitoring in the home, and the development of both medical technology and digital health.<br /><br /></span><div>A shift from hospital care to healthcare at home thus means that resources can be used better, for the benefit of more people – a more sustainable healthcare system is created – while giving the individual greater opportunity to influence their own illness, care and health. But change also requires both technical and organizational development.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Requires a broad collaboration</h2> <div>The initiative Hospitals at home brings together initiators from three of Chalmers’ departments, and thus weaves together expertise in medical technology, architecture, and management. Based on their specialties and research areas, the initiators contribute with different, but all very important, aspects. In collaboration with, among others, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Närhälsan, the City of Gothenburg and relevant parties from the business community, a platform for collaboration and knowledge development is now formed.<br /><br /></div> <div>And a collective grip is required. That is the opinion of Andreas Hellström, Senior lecturer and head of Chalmers’ centre CHI, Center for Healthcare Improvement.<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Udda%20format/Andreas-Hellström_220.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:200px;height:273px" /><br /><span style="background-color:initial">“The technology is seldom the problem. But to achieve full benefits, technology must be put in an organizational and societal context – we need to envision the whole system. The transition to future healthcare is exactly this; system innovation covering the whole ecosystem. Everything from digital healthcare services to purely spatial solutions, healthcare service models and technology for new solutions”, he says.</span><br /></div> <div>“The common goal here is to organize healthcare based on the needs of the public and patients. Healthcare must move closer to the individual. Actually, we are all talking about the same thing, but with different starting points and dialects.”<br /><br /></div> <div>The pandemic has accelerated the development of future healthcare, with digital meetings and mobile care services.</div> <div>“This has exploded! We do not want individuals, such as the fragile elderly or others in risk groups, to leave their home unnecessarily. New solutions have then been accelerated.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Making the patient an active participant</h2> <div>With a new way of looking at healthcare, the patient also becomes an active participant in their own care – as Andreas Hellström has long advocated. A person who manages his or her own monitoring, and controls the illness, also learn to understand it in a completely new way.</div> <div>“This knowledge strengthens the patient, and at the same time relieves the healthcare system. The relationship becomes more balanced. A fundamentally important aspect in which there is great transformative power”, he says.<br /><br /></div> <div>A number of projects are included in the new initiative (see below). The initiators view it as absolutely necessary to gather partners from all arenas; hospitals, primary care, municipal health and care, research, industry, and last but not least patients and citizens – to bring about effective collaboration for a coherent healthcare ecosystem.</div> <div>“Within our initiative, we will work to find solutions to concrete problems, and develop knowledge about these. To do this, we want to have all parties at the table. And we are happy that say that the initiative has been met with great interest from all sides”, says Andreas Hellström.<br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Voices about Hospitals at home:</h2> <div><strong>Maria Taranger, Chief physician and Area Manager, Sahlgrenska University Hospital<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Udda%20format/Maria-Taranger_220.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:200px;height:273px" /><br /></strong><span style="background-color:initial">“This is really one of the most important issues, for people to have continued confidence in the public sector and a well-functioning society. People want to, and can, take much greater responsibility for the healthcare they need, but they also need support in this from us. People should only come to a physical hospital when necessary.</span><strong><br /></strong></div> <div>For example, we now have a project with a small portable X-ray machine. By X-raying suspected fractures in the home, those who do not have a fracture avoid entering the hospital. And those who turn out to have a fracture can get pain relief and help with surgical preparations, outside the hospital, and enter only when an operating room is prepared.</div> <div>We need to do research on both technology and how we work. A major mental adjustment is required for hospital care staff to dare to relinquish control of some measures to the sick individuals, or to staff employed in other organizations.”<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>Ann Ekberg-Jansson, Medical strategist, Närhälsan<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Udda%20format/Ann-Ekberg-Jansson_220.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:200px;height:273px" /><br /></strong><span style="background-color:initial">“Närhälsan is in an extensive development phase, where the transition to so-called Close healthcare is central. Thus, working to develop the concept Hospitals at home together with other central parties is completely in line with this. Gathering different stakeholders at the same table generates added value, as you reflect on important issues from different perspectives to reach the end goal: the best situation from the perspective of the patient, or resident. We will learn from each other, but also get an opportunity to achieve a collective process with all parties present.”<br /></span><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong>Carin Bringestedt, Head of division at Health and healthcare, City of Gothenburg</strong></div> <div>“The municipal healthcare still has a long way to go before we arrive at a user-friendly e-health and digital services. The initiative Hospitals at home will entail more collaboration, with<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Udda%20format/Carin-Bringestedt_220.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:200px;height:273px" /><br />healthcare even more based on the individual’s needs, participation, and co-determination in managing their health and care.</div> <div>Permanent collaboration forums at the organizational level will play less of a role, and variable forms – close and in collaboration with the individual – must be developed. This applies not only to collaboration between health- and medical care facilities, but also to collaboration with, for example, home care services, care and nursing homes, and other municipal activities.</div> <div>We have a shortage of licensed employees. Demand exceeds the supply of nurses, occupational therapists, and physiotherapists in municipal healthcare. We must therefore work smarter, with maintained or higher quality. Collaboration between inpatient care, primary care, and municipal healthcare, will become increasingly crucial for good care as hospitals move home.”</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Facts about the initiative Hospitals at home:</h2> <div>The initiative Hospitals at home will partly be based on ongoing projects but will also be linked to new initiatives identified by the collaboration group. Examples of projects already in progress are:<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>• ASAP/Autumn Leaves</strong>, a recently started project focusing on healthcare at home, including home monitoring, support from specialist healthcare and caregivers, in collaboration between municipality, region, industry etc. Autumn Leaves is run by the Digital Health group at the Department of Electrical Engineering.</div> <div><strong>• ViSMoT (video support for mobile teams)</strong>: Solutions to facilitate patient assessments in collaboration with higher medical competence, thereby increasing precision, quality and safety of the assessments. The project is led by the Digital Health group at the Department of Electrical Engineering.</div> <div><strong>• Digi physical service offerings to patients with long-term needs</strong>, a project conducted in collaboration between Närhälsan in Region Västra Götaland and the Centre for Healthcare Improvement at the Department of Technology Management and Economics.</div> <div><strong>• Healthcare centers of the future</strong>, a concept program/project led by the Centre for Healthcare Architecture at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering. The project is a mapping of the primary care’s organization, location and use of premises, and will provide a basis for concepts for future solutions.</div> <div><strong>• Out Fit</strong>, a doctoral student project (where doctoral students can receive a double degree from Sahlgrenska Academy and Chalmers), with focus on health-promoting qualities in a physical outdoor environment in support of health and rehabilitation in special accommodations. Intends to develop evidence-based guidelines and methods for physical outdoor environments. The project is ongoing in collaboration with Sahlgrenska Academy and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.</div> <div><strong>• The Patient Innovators</strong> is a research project based on the fact that patients’ own experience of living with chronic or long-term illnesses can be the basis for innovation and development. The project is led by the Centre for Healthcare Improvement at the Department of Technology Management and Economics.<br /><br /></div> <div>The initiative Hospitals at home have received initiative funding from Chalmers Health Engineering Area of Advance.<br /><strong>Initiators are:</strong></div> <div>Andreas Hellström, Senior lecturer at Technology Management and Economics, is coordinator of the initiative. Andreas Hellström can be reached on email address <a href="">​</a>.</div> <div>Bengt Arne Sjöqvist, Professor of Practice Emeritus, Digital Health, Electrical Engineering, <a href=""></a>.</div> <div>Göran Lindahl, Professor, Building Design/Architecture and Civil Engineering, <a href=""></a>.</div> <div>Johanna Eriksson, Artistic Senior lecturer, Building Design/Architecture and Civil Engineering, <a href=""></a>.</div> <div>Sara Riggare, patient representative/patient researcher, <a href="">​</a>.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Mia Malmstedt</div> <div>Photo of healthcareprovider and patient: Shutterstock</div> <div>Photo Andreas Hellström: Carolina Pires Bertuol</div> <div>Photo Ann Ekberg-Jansson: Angereds Närsjukhus</div> <div>Photo Carin Bringestedt: Göteborgs Stad, Hanna Björnheden</div> <div>Photo Maria Taranger: Sahlgrenska Universitetssjukhuset, Johanna Ewald St Michaels</div>Thu, 24 Jun 2021 12:00:00 +0200 Professors to strengthen and add edge in 2022<p><b>​The Jubilee Professors of 2022 have recently been appointed, and two of them will strengthen activities at ACE. Doina Petrescu and Christopher Robeller are both renowned internationally, but also with previous engagements at the department. Their return, in a more formalised way, shall add edge and depth in areas such as civic participation in urban planning as well as robotic fabrication and digital timber construction.</b></p>Chalmers Jubilee Professors are designated annually by the President of Chalmers and shall add new skills and strengthen the university's international relations. Among Chalmers Jubilee Professors of 2022 are Prof. Doina Petrescu at the School of Architecture, University of Sheffield and Prof. Dr. Christopher Robeller, at the School of Architecture, Bremen University of Applied Sciences. Both of them renowned authorities in their fields.    <br /><br />Doina Petrescu is an architecht, teacher and researcher in architecture and urban planning, focusing on issues of civic participation and gender and the relations between co-production and resilience. Her involvement in practice and co-founder of Atelier d’Architecture Autogeree (, an internationally acclaimed research-based practice, pioneering participation in architecture and urbanism – in a democratic and ecological spirit.    <br /><br />   – Except for the fact that Doina is a most inspiring lecturer she has a unique practice experience that will benefit our students, not the least within the master’s program MPDSD Architecture and Planning Beyond Sustainability, permeated by the idea of societal benefit and co-creation. Genie is yet another evident area for exchange, and her holistic view and international rreputation will be valuable also for ongoing research, says Emilio Brandao.      <br /><br />Christopher Robeller’s focus lies in the intersection of computation, digital  fabrication, timber engineering and architectural design – where he also also holds a leading position of his field internationally. One of the keys to his broad expertise is his educational background and experience, with one leg in architecture and the other one in civil engineering – which makes for great possibilities for a broad exchange with several divisions and research groups at ACE.    <br /><br />   – We see that Christopher can add a multi-disciplinary edge to the research output and pedagogical work related to computation, timber, design, fabrication, and construction at the ACE department that we currently do not possess. His expertise and experience from both teaching, research and experimental practice are also relevant to many divisions and soon to be subject groups, says Jonas Lundberg.    <br /><br />The plans are that Christopher Robeller joins ACE in February 2022 and Doina Petrescu in two different periods in 2022, with the first period in March.    <br /><br />   – I see the Jubilee Professorship as a fantastic opportunity to enrich activities in education and research, and as an excellent way to strengthen our international network, says Fredrik Nilsson. The presence of these world leading researchers also makes for a positive and inspiring addition that goes hand-in-hand with our efforts to develop the department.      <br /><br /><div><em>Chalmers Jubilee Professorship was instituted at the time for Chalmers’ 150-year celebration in 1979 – as a gift from the Swedish government. A tradition was established, and the President of Chalmers now appoints a few Jubilee Professors annually, funded by Chalmers.  <br /></em></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Text: Catharina Björk<br /><em></em></div>Tue, 22 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 students in digital master's thesis exhibition<p><b>​The exhibition where the master's students from the Architect program presents their work can for the second year in a row be found online – a format that favors the digital expression and processes under which the degree projects have taken shape. This year's graduation projects shows great span and creativity. Take part of the presentations and see the exhibition in full! </b></p>​The public and open seminars where master's students of 2021 from <span>the Architect program<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> present their final projects starts May 31 and goes on until June 3, and all presentations/examinations <a href="/en/departments/ace/news/Documents/ACEX35%202021_OPEN%20SEMINAR_public%20schedule.pdf">can be followed digitally.</a> The digital format also means that the exhibition, which normally would be experienced live on campus Johanneberg, is open for a longer period on the exhibition's web: <a href=""></a>. <br /><br />This year's final exhibition has no specific theme, but Naima Callenberg, Artistic lecturer at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering and curator of the exhibition, believes that it is clear that the pandemic have left its marks on the projects as they to a greater are extent digitally produced than previous years as a result of the restrictions. <br /><br />    – Despite the situation, it is still very nice to see that the digital expression and processes are well suited to appear on a digital platform as we set up on our exhibition website, says Naima. <br /><br />The degree projects show a large width and several of them have a strong connection to the sustainable development of society, from both ecological, economic and social aspects.<br /><br />   – That is an important part of the education which is often reflected in the master's theses from Chalmers architecture – which we are proud of. Our students are committed, critical, analytical and creative, and during this in many aspects tough semester, they have put mcuh effort and hard work in their projects. The way they contribute to our education and the architecture field and its discussions at large is amazing, says Naima Callenberg. <br /><br /><em>In this year's digital final exhibition, degree projects from the two master programs Architecture and Planning Beyond Sustainability and Architecture and Urban Design </em><span><em>are presented </em><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><em>. The master's students' projects will soon also be joined by bachelor's theses that will appear on the exhibition website as of June 2.  </em>Mon, 31 May 2021 00:00:00 +0200 first rechargeable cement-based batteries<p><b>​Imagine an entire twenty storey concrete building which can store energy like a giant battery. Thanks to unique research from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, such a vision could someday be a reality. Researchers from the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering recently published an article outlining a new concept for rechargeable batteries – made of cement.</b></p><div>​The ever-growing need for sustainable building materials poses great challenges for researchers. Doctor <a href="" title="Emma" target="_blank">Emma Zhang</a>, formerly of Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, joined <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/luping-tang.aspx" target="_blank" title="Tang">Professor Luping Tang’s</a> research group several years ago to search for the building materials of the future. Together they have now succeeded in developing a world-first concept for a rechargeable cement-based battery.    </div> <div> </div> <div>The concept involves first a cement-based mixture, with small amounts of short carbon fibres added to increase the conductivity and flexural toughness. Then, embedded within the mixture is a metal-coated carbon fibre mesh – iron for the anode, and nickel for the cathode. After much experimentation, this is the prototype which the researchers now present.    </div> <div> </div> <div>   – Results from earlier studies investigating concrete battery technology showed very low performance, so we realised we had to think out of the box, to come up with another way to produce the electrode. This particular idea that we have developed – which is also rechargeable – has never been explored before. Now we have proof of concept at lab scale,” Emma Zhang explains.    </div> <div> </div> <div>Luping Tang and Emma Zhang’s research has produced a rechargeable cement-based battery with an average energy density of 7 Watthours per square metre (or 0.8 Watthours per litre). Energy density is used to express the capacity of the battery, and a modest estimate is that the performance of the new Chalmers battery could be more than ten times that of earlier attempts at concrete batteries. The energy density is still low in comparison to commercial batteries, but this limitation could be overcome thanks to the huge volume at which the battery could be constructed when used in buildings.     </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">A potential key to solving energy storage issues     </h2> <div> </div> <div>The fact that the battery is rechargeable is its most important quality, and the possibilities for utilisation if the concept is further developed and commercialised are almost staggering.Energy storage is an obvious possiblity, monitoring is another. The researchers see applications that could range from powering LEDs, providing 4G connections in remote areas, or cathodic protection against corrosion in concrete infrastructure.   </div> <div> </div> <div>   – It could also be coupled with solar cell panels for example, to provide electricity and become the energy source for monitoring systems in highways or bridges, where sensors operated by a concrete battery could detect cracking or corrosion,” suggests Emma Zhang.   </div> <div> </div> <div>The concept of using structures and buildings in this way could be revolutionary, because it would offer an alternative solution to the energy crisis, by providing a large volume of energy storage.   Concrete, which is formed by mixing cement with other ingredients, is the world’s most commonly used building material. From a sustainability perspective, it is far from ideal, but the potential to add functionality to it could offer a new dimension. Emma Zhang comments:  </div> <div> </div>    – We have a vision that in the future this technology could allow for whole sections of multi-storey buildings made of functional concrete. Considering that any concrete surface could have a layer of this electrode embedded, we are talking about enormous volumes of functional concrete”.  <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Challenges remain with service-life aspects  </h2> <div> </div> <div>The idea is still at a very early stage. The technical questions remaining to be solved before commercialisation of the technique can be a reality include extending the service life of the battery, and the development of recycling techniques.   </div> <div> </div> <div>   – Since concrete infrastructure is usually built to last fifty or even a hundred years, the batteries would need to be refined to match this, or to be easier to exchange and recycle when their service life is over. For now, this offers a major challenge from a technical point of view,” says Emma Zhang.  </div> <div> </div> <div>But the researchers are hopeful that their innovation has a lot to offer. </div> <div> <br />   – We are convinced this concept makes for a great contribution to allowing future building materials to have additional functions such as renewable energy sources,” concludes Luping Tang. <br /><br /><span><em>Text: Catharina Björk<span style="display:inline-block"></span></em></span>    </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Read the scientific article, Rechargeable Concrete Battery in the scientific journal Buildings</a>.   <br /><em>The research project was funded by the Swedish Energy Agency (Energimyndigheten)  <br /></em></div> <div><em><br /></em></div> <div><strong>Luping Tang</strong>  <br />Professor at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology  +46 31 772 2305  <br /><br /><strong>Emma Qingnan Zhang  </strong><br />Doctor, formerly of the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, now Senior Development Scientist at Delta of Sweden.  <br />   +46 768 80 35 33  <br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em></em><br /><em></em></div>Mon, 17 May 2021 00:00:00 +0200 that contributes to sustainable emergency readiness <p><b>​A tool that enables sustainable planning of maintenance and renovation measures in apartment buildings, and a model for Demand Response and estimation of capacity for egenrgy storage in supermarkets – those are innovations that contribute sustainability and resilience for Sweden, and hence places ACE researchers on the IVA 100 list of 2021.</b></p><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">​<br />SINOM: A platform for strategic maintenance and renovation planning of housing portfolios  </h2> <div>Researchers Claudio Nägeli and Abolfazl ”Amir” Farahani have developed a desktop tool to make it easy for housing owners to make financially feasible and long-term maintenance and renovation plans.  The unique optimization algorithm of the tool enables the user to create perennial plans for maintenance and renovation, forecast the energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions and to keep track of building components and service-life. The tool Sinom is not only welcomed by housing owners, this unique concepts has granted the researchers a spot on the IVA (Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences) 100 list of 2021: “From knowledge to sustainable emergency readiness”.    </div> <div> </div> <div>   – What we strive for as researchers is for our results to be utilized and create value, for people in their everyday life and for the environment. So, an acknowledgement like this from the IVA feels very positive, says Claudio Nägeli.      </div> <div> </div> <div>The Swedish building stock is relatively old and in need of extensive renovation measures in order to meet today´s building standards and targets for energy performance improvements. Having limited resources, housing owners face a difficult situation in planning for maintenance and renovation, which often lead to measures being postponed, resulting in an even worse situation when improvements aren’t executed in time. This is where Claudio Nägeli’s and Abolfazl Farahani’s tool comes in. The name Sinom is a wink to the Swedish phrase” i sinom tid” (in due time) which captures both short-term needs and the proactive and long-term approach that the researchers want the tool to contribute its users with, by the distinct visualization and incorporation of future needs and objectives presented in the tool.    </div> <div> </div> <div>   – For housing owners the use of the Sinom tool will mean help working proactively and to prioritize measures in line with budgetary preconditions. And for residents, they might experience that improvements actually are being executed in time, without too big of an increase in rent, says Claudio Nägeli.    </div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">About Sinom and the researchers  </h3> <div><strong>Claudio Nägeli</strong> is a postdoc at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Division of Building Technology. He has a doctorate from 2019. His doctoral thesis: <a href="">Bottom-Up Modeling of Building Stock Dynamics - Investigating the Effect of Policy and Decisions on the Distribution of Energy and Climate Impacts in Building Stocks over Time.</a>     </div> <div><strong>Abolfazl Farahani </strong>holds a postdoc position at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, division of Building Services Engineering through the Lars Erik Lundberg scholarship, and has a doctorate from 2019. His doctoral thesis: <a href="">A systematic approach to strategic maintenance and renovation planning in multifamily buildings.   </a></div> <div>Parts of his research is also described here (in Swedish): Stegvis planering blir modellen för allmännyttan    </div> <div> </div> <div>The collaboration was initiated in the end of their doctoral studies after realising their research areas had many common denominators. With them in the Sinom project is also Professor Jan-Olof Dalenbäck, the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, division of Building Services Engineering. The work in the project involves houwing and real estate companies like Stena Fastigheter, Familjebostäder and Bostadsbolaget. The project is financed by Energimyndigheten (the Swedish Energy Agency) platform E2B2, and the researchers are in the final phase of finalizing the prototype of the tool.  </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Refrigerators to balance the energy grid  </h2> <div> </div> <div>Another ACE connected researcher who has been awarded a spot on the IVA 100 list is Tommie Månsson, Doctor from the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Division of Building Technology, with his concept for using supermarkets as thermal buffers for renewable electricity grids. Tommie Månsson has a doctorate from 2020. Link to his doctoral thesis: <a href="">Supermarket refrigeration systems for demand response in smart grids</a>. <br /><br />Tommie Månsson describes his innovation as follows :     </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Our supermarkets make for an important and underused resource in the shift towards a sustainable energy production – they offer flexibility through the possibility to store energy in their cooling systems. When the sun is shining and the wind blows, sustainable energy is being generated, but unfortunately, we cannot regulate the production to match our needs. Instead, we need to shift and make energy consumers adapt to the existing energy capacity.   For this purpose, we have developed a concept where the supermarkets cooling systems contribute the electricity grid with its flexibility and hence contribute to an decreased climate impact from the energy production.”    </div> <div> </div> <div>Read more about Tommie Månssons’s reserch here: <a href="/en/departments/ace/news/Pages/Supermarkets-as-batteries-in-smart-grids.aspx">Supermarkets as batteries in smart grids</a></div>Tue, 11 May 2021 10:00:00 +0200 creating the healthcare of the future<p><b>​Today's healthcare sector is becoming increasingly digitalized and tech driven. Chalmers invests heavily in the area of health and technology. In the elective course Here, there and everywhere – healthcare integrated in our everyday lives and places, students from different programmes, teachers and industry representatives with different areas of expertise, collaborate. Their task is to find new solutions to the challenges within the global healthcare sector.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">To improve the technical development of the sector, various areas of knowledge within Chalmers can play a key role, such as architecture, organizational development and e-health solutions.</span><div><br /></div> <div>“Chalmers has students who are competent in these three areas, but that doesn’t mean they are automatically good at collaboration. They need to practice interdisciplinary teamwork! For us, that was the starting point when we created this Tracks course” says Patrik Alexandersson who is responsible for the course.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/20210101-20210631/SebastanRye_biltilltext.jpg" alt="sebastian rye, student" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" style="margin:5px;width:180px;height:180px" /><br /></div> <div>Chalmers student, Sebastian Rye, participated in the first round of the course <em>Here, there and everywhere – healthcare integrated into our everyday lives and places</em>. He is currently studying his final year of Industrial Engineering and Management and is currently writing his Master thesis where he investigates how the use of artificial intelligence can be used in an efficient way in the healthcare sector.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“I had actually already chosen all my elective courses, but the Tracks course great combination of healthcare, interdisciplinary collaboration with mixed student groups and the opportunity to make contacts in the industry was a little too difficult to resist. I just had to take that extra course!”.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Current and real challenges</h3> <div>Tracks is a major investment in education and in new learning environments funded by the Chalmers Foundation. Tracks elective courses will complement students' programmes, introduce them to new subject areas and give them the opportunity to practice interdisciplinary teamwork.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Tracks courses are also linked to the latest research and to industry. In this course, the subject area was presented by representatives from the Högsbo Specialist Hospital and from Sahlgrenska University Hospitals’ digital R&amp;D department. Chalmers Center for Healthcare Improvement (CHI) is also behind the course as well as patients who were involved to give feedback on the students' solutions.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The intention with Tracks courses is that they should be able to quickly adapt to current needs and challenges in work-life and society. The healthcare-course is a good example. In the spring of 2020, when the new corona virus began to spread around the world, the teachers decided to include a case about pandemic management in the course, which was not planned from the beginning. Students could choose from three different cases to work with together in small groups: Pandemic, “Life Event Cancer” and Virtual Hospital.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The case called “Life Event Cancer” shed a light on the fact that there are more things than just the patient's disease that needs to be taken care of in the case of a cancer diagnosis. One question that the students discussed was how and with what digital tools the patient and their families can be supported throughout a treatment period.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Virtual hospital and virtual care in general are current topics in the healthcare sector today. Healthcare can be provided in many ways and doesn’t always have to be linked to a physical hospital building. Åsa Holmgren, project manager at Högsbo Specialist Hospital, believes that more technical solutions are needed, but that they need to be carefully examined – which solutions are the most useful within the healthcare sector? In response to which situations and when can they be applied for the best possible outcomes?</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“By learning more about how different technical solutions can be used, healthcare can be changed and improved. An example could be to develop the patient's ability to self-test at home, which the medical staff can follow up and manage – maybe it can lead to faster regulation of drug dosage. I have to say that the students impressed me with their insights and innovative suggestions in their final presentations!” says Åsa Holmgren.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Among other things, the students had suggestions for continuous feedback from a number of health parameters in patients staying at home. This is something that may create a preventive effect. Patients with better knowledge of their own health would also contribute to a more accurate decision-making by the caregiver. An increased use of Machine learning was also proposed, in order to, for example, identify early risk parameters for potential development of cancer.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In their final presentations the students came up with ideas regarding different health parameters that may be possible for the patients to control by themselves, at home. Something that could have a preventive effect and provide the patients with better knowledge of their own health status and contribute to an improved decision-making-process for the healthcare provider. Another suggestion from the students was more frequent use of Machine Learning. This could be a tool to identify early risk parameters for potential development of cancer.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Aim to increase students’ interest in the healthcare sector</h3> <div>During the first round of the course Here, there and everywhere – healthcare integrated in our everyday life and places, Chalmers students from eight different educational programmes participated and for the next course, planned this autumn, Patrik Alexandersson aims for even more.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“We hope that our course can lead to increased knowledge of, and interest in healthcare among architecture and engineering students. By participating in the course, students gain a very good insight into the sector's challenges and its logic, which is enormously positive, both for themselves, Chalmers and for society in general.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Sebastian Rye was already interested in the subject before the start of the course, and he thinks that the opportunity to choose a course based on his own interest was very rewarding.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The teachers were incredibly committed and experienced in the area and guided us throughout the course, but at the same time it was a lot of project-oriented teamwork and a lot of self-studies. I really thought that the course complemented my other studies well, because in Tracks courses you get to practically apply the things you have learned to a subject you are interested in. This means that the knowledge you have gained from your programme actually gets enhanced!”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/news/Pages/" title="course poster"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icpdf.png" alt="" />Read more about the <span style="background-color:initial">course</span>​</a></div> <em> </em><div><a href="" title="chalmers study portal"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" /><span style="background-color:initial">Read more about the c</span><span style="background-color:initial">urrent courses within Tracks</span></a></div> <div><em style="background-color:initial"></em></div> <div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Text:</strong> Julia Jansson</div> <div><strong>Photo:</strong> Västfastigheter, Sjukhusen i väster och Högsbo specialistsjukhus</div> ​Fri, 09 Apr 2021 02:00:00 +0200 our water<p><b>​The theme for World Water Day March 22 2021 is Vauling Water, focusing on how we value water from environmental, social, cultural and financial perspectives. But can we out a prize on water or is it invaluable? With an ongoing research project, researchers at Chalmers are trying to learn more.</b></p><div>​Through the <a href="/en/projects/Pages/Risk-based-prioritization-of-water-protection-in-sustainable.aspx">WaterPlan project</a>, researchers from the DRICKS center at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering are investigating what the need to protect our water resources looks like and how Swedes value this protection. Part of the project means that the researchers will use surveys to investigate and map how people prioritize and what they are actually willing to pay to protect our drinking water sources.         </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Today knowledge about how Swedes relate to our common water and how to value it is scarce. We know from studies in other Scandinavian countries that people prefer that the water they drink is naturally clean, that it doesn’t need to be purified afterwards. And that is of course important for how the protection of water resources is designed,&quot; says<a href="/en/staff/Pages/andreas-lindhe.aspx"> Andreas Lindhe,</a> associate professor and researcher at the DRICKS centre, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.    </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">The great value of water in society    </h2> <div>Our surface and groundwater resources, ie water in lakes and streams as well as the water under the ground, not only provide us with drinking water but offer people so much more. Our water resources are, among other things, sources for energy production, irrigation and recreation – when we go swimming or boating in the summer.        </div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;By protecting our water resources from a drinking water perspective, we can also protect these other values, so-called services, that they provide, but it can also mean restrictions on how we can use these services.&quot;    </div> <div> </div> <div>Therefore, the WaterPlan project also maps and analyzes the various services that water resources provide and the natural conditions on which they depend. The purpose is for researchers to be able to create an overall picture of how we use our water resources and how we thereby value them, as a basis for being able to better prioritize protection measures.      </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Pricing that does not reflect fair value     </h2> <div><span style="background-color:initial">DRICKS works closely with Swedish drinking water producers. The industry sees a need to increase water and sewage tariffs in order to be able to maintain and develop drinking water and wastewater management. The Swedish tariff is based on the prime cost principle, which results in a cost that in itself cannot be said to correspond to the actual value of the water and sewage services that we use in society. But what can be the disadvantages of water being underestimated and therefore priced too low?       </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">&quot;The fact that water in Sweden is inexpensive is not a bad thing since we want water to be available to everyone. But the low price of water means that we become worse at economizing it and tend to take it for granted. For a sane management of water, it is therefore bad that water is inexpensive&quot;</span><span style="background-color:initial">, says Andreas Lindhe.  </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div> </div> <div>Water is a prerequisite for life and crucial for our society in many ways. Andreas Lindhe believes that expressing risks and evaluating measures of action based on socio-economic consequences does not aim to reduce the importance of water – but on the contrary provides an opportunity to emphasize the importance of water, for instance when balancing competing interests.    </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;But we must of course be aware that there are other aspects than the purely socio-economic ones that may need to be considered when important decisions about water are to be made&quot;, Andreas Lindhe concludes.    <br /><br /><em>The </em><a href="" target="_blank"><em>World Water Day</em></a><em> is an initiative from the UN that started in 1993 and which draws attention to the importance of water in society. The purpose is to highlight the challenges we face and what is required for us to, among other things, achieve the sixth global sustainability goal of clean water and sanitation for all.  </em></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>Text: Andreas Lindhe &amp; Catharina Björk<br /></div>Mon, 22 Mar 2021 09:00:00 +0100 Spacematrix examines popular concepts in modern city planning<p><b>​A revised version of popular handbook Spacematrix is released, where the authors demystify the use of concepts such as ‘urbanity’, ‘compact city’ and ‘park city’ by challenging the reliability of such concepts and critically examining the possibility of redefining them through quantification using multiple density measures. </b></p><div>​<a href="/en/Staff/Pages/meta-berghauserpont.aspx" target="_blank">Meta Berghauser Pont</a>, Associate Professor at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering is, together with Per Haupt, the author of the recently published book &quot;Spacematrix – Space, Density and Urban Form&quot;. The book explores the potential of urban density as a tool for urban planning and design and is a revised and extended edition of the authors 2010 volume, which includes an extensive analysis of the relations between density, urban form and performance – a prerequisite for understanding and successfully predicting the effects of specific designs and planning proposals.    </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">What's new?</h2> <div> </div> <div>Meta Berghauser Pont says the extended version of the book Spacematrix is new in three ways, and first of all provides new insights on the effects of density through the inclusion of a systematic review of more than 200 empirical studies around the globe, including aspects such as mobility, economics, and health.   </div> <div> </div> <div>   – Second is the trend of increased space consumption and decreased density in Amsterdam that was discussed in the 2010 edition is updated to also include recent development in Amsterdam and compared to developments worldwide, Meta says,   <br /><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>She continues:  </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>    – <span>Very interesting <span style="display:inline-block"></span></span>is that this decrease in density is not a phenomenon unique for Amsterdam but a general phenomenon in Asia, North and South America and Europe. However, through the detailed analysis of Amsterdam, we have been able to reveal a trend break. In Amsterdam, since 2000, densities have started to increase, from 63 inhabitants per hectare in 2000 to 74 in 2020. That is almost 20 percent! <br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>The third main streak added in the 2021 version is the database of building types, which is extended with two more cities in Europe and covers now Amsterdam, Berlin, Barcelona, London, and Stockholm. Examples from three Asian cities are used to contextualize the European examples.    </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Takeaways for professionals    </h2></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>The content of Spacematrix is of interest to professionals working in the field of urbanism, such as architects, urban planners and designers, as well as developers, economists, engineers and policymakers. It also offers researchers a method to quantitatively describe urban form and connect this to a wide range of performances.    <br /><br />Meta Berghauser Pont describes the potential utilization for the book from a city planners’ point of view:  <br /><br />   – Spacematrix gives insight in the tradeoffs related to densification, called for by for instance UN Habitat to develop more sustainable cities. The strong dichotomy that is found between, on the one hand, the positive effects of density in relation to infrastructure, transport, and economics and, on the other hand, the negative environmental, social and health impacts formulates a challenging task for urban planners. Most of the reported negative effects of densification can be related to a lack of pervious green areas and pleads for a shift in mainly focusing on decarbonizing cities to also making cities more resilient where urban greening plays an important role besides densification.  <br /><br />Architects is another obvious group of professionals that could benifit from the methodology and concepts described in Spacematrix. Meta Berghauser Pont explains:  <br /><br />   – The book shows that population density is a too crude measure to describe building types. With the Spacematrix, a more effective method is provided to distinguish e.g. high and spacious building patterns from low and compact ones. The book also foregrounds the important role of block size in the discussion on densification and associated economic and social aspects.    <br /><br /><ul><li><em>The book is based on results from three different research projects financed by Formas </em></li> <li><em>Spacematrix is published by NA010 Publishers,  ISBN 978-94-6208-538-1  </em></li> <li><em>More on the subject: <a href="/en/departments/ace/news/Pages/Negative-effects-of-densification-are-overlooked-in-contemporary-urban-planning.aspx" target="_blank">Negative effects of densification often ovelooked in urban planning</a></em><br /></li></ul></div> <div> </div>Thu, 18 Mar 2021 17:00:00 +0100 project video presentations 2020<p><b>​​On the 1st of February, we held a workshop to present all the 2020 Big Data and ICT SEED projects. In addition, we have made short films (approx 4-7 min) from the presentations about the projects and are happy to share them with you. </b></p><p class="chalmersElement-P"><span><span><b><br /></b></span></span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span><span><em><strong>Please note: </strong>Some films are restricted and will not be published here.</em><br /></span></span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span><span>​</span><br /></span></p> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">ICT Area of Advance</span><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial"> Big Data Research Projects 2020</span><br /></div> <div><span><div><br /></div> <div><a href="">Characterization of new antibiotic resistance genes through screening of large volumes of DNA sequence data</a> </div>