News: Architecture and Civil Engineering, Arkitektur, Bygg- och miljöteknik related to Chalmers University of TechnologyWed, 26 Jun 2019 10:44:34 +0200 in Digital Twins will revolutionise urban development<p><b>​With today’s technology that enables the creation of digital twins, a car or airplane can be modeled, simulated and optimized before it leaves the drafting table.  A progress that is about to become reality even for something as complex as whole cities. Swedish innovation agency Vinnova have recently announced a grand and long-term investment into a Chalmers based competence centre that will lead the development.</b></p>​Cities are the largest and most complex human artifacts, and also the most resource consuming and waste producing.  The share of the world’s population living in cities is increasing every year, which also increases the need for a transformation into sustainable design of our cities. The integration of digital methods can be of great support in this challenge. Like the process of designing an airplane or a car based on mathematical modeling, simulation and optimisation, cities could be designed to become more livable, efficient and resilient as they may be analysed and experienced before they are built. The undertaking from Vinnova makes the basis of a total investment of SEK 100 million to create opportunities to analyze and test the components of urban development in a completely new way.    <br /><br /> – We are extremely happy and proud. Behind our application is very hard and long-term work from a committed team at Chalmers in close collaboration with our partners, says Professsor <a href="/en/staff/Pages/logg.aspx">Anders Logg</a>,  Department of Mathematical Sciences and one of two designated directors of the centre. <br /><div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Copies improves the original</h3></div> <div>Digital twins is a concept that have revolutionized the manufacturing industry and is used daily to construct increasingly refined products. The technology has spread to include the planning and development of our cities but is usually limited to visual representation. Digital Twin Cities will develop the concept of digital twins for cities by modeling and simulating the city as a complex multi-physics system based on real-time data.    </div> <br /> – Digital Twin may be a well-established concept, but what’s unique about our concept compared to those elsewhere, is that we aim to integrate what is underground, treating the city as a four-dimensional complex system in our simulations, says Professor <a href="/en/staff/Pages/minna-karstunen.aspx">Minna Karstunen</a>, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering and designated director of the centre.    <br /><br />The uniqueness of the concept was something Vinnova noted in their assessment, expressed in their motivation as follows: ”The novel approach in an otherwise well addressed field was deemed impressive by the evaluators, combining open source, smart city developments and public sector linkages, convincing the evaluators of the potential of the application.”   <br /><div><br /></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Gathers a diversity in competencies</h3></div>  – We now have the possibility to fulfill and scale up our pilot VirtualCity@Chalmers, which will make the cornerstone in the development of our centre. At the same time, we will now be able to take advantage of the strong competence already existing at Chalmers within modeling, simulation and visualization of cities, by combining our competencies in architecture, engineering, mathematics and computer science, with experience and current challenges from our partners, Anders Logg concludes.    <br /><br />A broad consortium of 28 Swedish and international stakeholders with the base in Chalmers will cooperate in Digital Twin Cities. Cutting-edge research will be conducted in eight different research areas, covering all aspects needed to develop the large-scale digital twin technology, and to harvest the opportunities it brings in new approaches to urban planning &amp; design, architecture and digital construction. To facilitate uptake and implementation for Sweden to spearhead the necessary digitalization of the built environment sector, a particular focus will be on knowledge transfer to industry and public actors.    <br /><br /> – It is a fantastic opportunity and very exciting. This platform will truly be able to utilise the potential of the new department with its amplitude of disciplines and areas that will co-work to solve these important issues, says Professor <a href="/en/staff/Pages/fredrik-nilsson.aspx">Fredrik Nilsson</a>, Head of Department.    <br /><div><br /></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Research Areas</h3></div> Digital Twin Cities will involve researchers from many different areas of research as well as industry partners and organisations from the civil sector, and the activities will be divided into following areas:  <br /><ul><li>Digital Twin PlatformUrban Planning and Design</li> <li>Architectural and Structural Design</li> <li>Digital Construction</li> <li>Modelling &amp; Simulation at the District Level</li> <li>Modelling and simulation at the City Level</li> <li>Visualisation &amp; Auralisation</li> <li>Data Management &amp; Integration</li></ul> <div><br />The preparations for the new competence centre have already started and Digital Twin Cities is planned to be operative in January 2020.<br /><br />Link to the <a href="">press release from VInnova</a> (in Swedish)</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img alt="Triple helix diagram featuring partner logos" src="/sv/institutioner/ace/nyheter/PublishingImages/diagram_vinnova_helix_city-02.png" style="height:470px;width:750px;margin:5px" /><br /><br /><br /></div>Mon, 24 Jun 2019 15:00:00 +0200 Tsinghua University<p><b>Professor Holger Wallbaum, and Dr. Quan Jin, from the Sustainable building research group at the Building Technology division at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden, visited the department of Building Science at the school of Architecture at Tsinghua University on June 17, 2019.</b></p>​<img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/Visit-at-Tsinghua-University_340.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="background-color:initial">In the morning, Prof. Wallbaum gave a guest lecture to the teachers and students from the school of Architecture on the topic “State of the Art on Research of the Built Environment in Europe”. He firstly presented Chalmers University of Technology, the department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, and the research profiles of the Sustainable building research group. Later, he reviewed the existing research framework for the built environment of the Horizon 2020 of the European Commission , Furthermore, he explained the new research direction of the future EU framework that will focus on &quot;Missions&quot; instead of “Challenges”. Finally, he emphasized the UN SDGs, and pointed out potential new trends and challenges for European built environment. </span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/Visit-at-Tsinghua-University-lab_340.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" />In the afternoon, Prof. Holger Wallbaum, Dr. Quan Jin, Prof. Yingxin Zhu, the deputy dean of the School of Architecture at Tsinghua University, Prof. Xianting Li, the dean of the department of Building Science, and Associate Prof. Bin Cao at the department of Building Science, had an in-depth discussion. Prof. Zhu and Prof. Li introduced the faculties, research fields and key achievements of the school of Architecture and the department of Building Science at Tsinghua University. Both sides eagerly discussed potential common interests on personnel exchange and research collaborations between the two universities in the coming future. Prof. Wallbaum also warmly invited the school of Architecture to attend the international conference of WSBE Beyond 2020 in Gothenburg in 2020 host by Chalmers. Lastly, Prof. Wallbaum and Dr. Quan Jin accompanied by associate Prof. Bin Cao visited the laboratory of indoor air pollution purification and control, the laboratory of dynamic display and visualization of air flow, the laboratory of artificial climate chamber, and the energy conservation building. Prof. Wallbaum was highly impressed by the research achievements and the laboratory infrastructure of the department of Building Science at Tsinghua. </div> <div><br /> </div> <div>More information</div> <div>Holger Wallbaum, Full Professor/Research Group Leader, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Technology, Sustainable Building​, <a href="">​​</a></div></div> Mon, 24 Jun 2019 14:00:00 +0200 that will accelerate research within mobility systems<p><b>​The development within Urban Mobility Systems is fast and the relevance for society high, considering the pace of urbanisation and digitisation in Sweden and globally. A new collaboration between ACE and Shanghai Maritime University aims to accelerate progress in the field and strengthen the possibility of applications.</b></p>​The Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Shanghai Maritime University to establish a collaboration in research and teaching. The collaboration will primarily consist of activities within the research group Urban Mobility Systems at ACE, as well as the corresponding grouping at SMU – the Plateau Cluster of Transportation Engineering. The memorandum constitutes the start of the collaboration, which will generate initiatives such as a joint virtual research lab and physical exchanges by giving employees and students on each institution the opportunity for mobility in the form of assignments and practice.     <br /><br /><div> – Shanghai Maritime University is a very exciting and strong player in Urban Mobility - a high-level research area in rapid development. We are therefore very pleased to be able to take this step towards establishing a fruitful collaboration that further strengthens our development in the area, says Fredrik Nilsson, professor and Head of Department at ACE.   <br /><br /> – China is in the forefront of adopting emerging solutions in the area of urban mobility systems. The upcoming collaboration with Shanghai Maritime University will increase the possibilities of bi-lateral research and development through frequent visits and exchanges, and more importantly, of promoting effective applications and practice in one partner to the reciprocal one, says Xiaobo Qu, professor and leader of research group Urban Mobiity Systems at ACE, Chalmers.  <br /><br />The upcoming collaboration with the Shanghai Maritime University is an activity in line with the department's work to establish and strengthen strategic partnerships.<br /></div> <br />Fri, 14 Jun 2019 10:00:00 +0200 Gridshell - What can be built using straight planar laths?<p><b>​This question was investigated in a two-day workshop in the course Digital Tools – Parametric Design (3 ECTS) for second year students at the Architecture and Engineering program. The workshop was organized by teachers and invited co-organizers, a group of architects and engineers with specialism in computational design working in academy and industry. The goal was to inspire the students to learn more about mathematics and how it can be applied in the architectural design process. The task was to build a temporary structure to be used as an exhibition space in just two days utilizing all forty students. By combining historical and modern references a timber gridshell was designed based on the concept of using asymptotic lines which was built flat and erected to 3-dimensional form. Asymptotic lines are curves on surfaces with no normal curvature, by extruding these curves in the normal direction the resulting surfaces can be unrolled straight and planar without distortion. Therefore, the design was possible to build using laths which were both straight and planar. By making a flexible slot connection the structure was built as a mechanism that allowed it to change its shape.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The entire structure was built in just two days by the students with the help of teachers and invited co-organizers. The geometrical concept allowed the laths to be made of regular birch plywood boards of 6 mm using only manually operated tools. The boundary base plates for attaching the structure, giving support and stiffness, was milled using the CNC-machine in our wood-workshop. </span><div><br /> </div> <div>The workshop was not only a successful experiment but the reception from the students was also very positive. In the student evaluation of the course Digital Tools – Parametric Design the workshop was explicitly stated as one of the best segments, and the course was given an overall score 4.8 out of 5 for the second year in the row reaching a top placement at Chalmers. Hopefully this type of exercises, combining theory and application, will inspire a new generation of architects and engineers to learn more about math and geometry and how it can be used in the design process.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Teachers: Emil Adiels &amp; Isak Näslund</div> <div> </div> <div>Co-organizers: Cecilie Brandt-Olsen (BIG Engineering), Johanna Isaksson (Buro Happold Engineering) &amp; Emil Poulsen (Core Studios Thornton Tomasetti).</div> <div> </div> <div>Videos from the workshop and the design process can be seen here: <a href=""></a></div> <div> </div> <div>Timelapse: <a href="">​​</a></div> Wed, 05 Jun 2019 10:00:00 +0200 Cloud - Master&#39;s students designing a schoolyard in Kenya<p><b>​Since it’s always around 30 degrees, the children need some shelter from the sun. The students designed and built a playground, Creativity Cloud, with space for outdoor teaching, shaded by a roof shaped as a cloud. A place where they can eat, study and have lectures, but also do creative things like performances, public speaking, play and just be with each other.</b></p><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">​A s<span>mall-scale design project​</span></h2> <p><span style="background-color:initial">During just five weeks </span>Beata Karlsson, Elsa Dorrian och Sophie Pedersen, master students in architecture,<span style="background-color:initial"> started a crowdfunding, designed, built and had an opening ceremony for a new schoolyard in Kenya, focusing on creativity and thermal comfort . </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></p> <p>– What if architecture students were able to make a change for children in the poorest regions of the world? Bea, Elsa and Sophie challenged this question and asked themselves what they could do.</p> <p> </p> <p>After a month of research and studying in both Gothenburg and Kenya, under the platform Reality Studio at Chalmers, they learned about how to work with small-scale projects, design for children and culture in a context that is extremely different from the one they are used to. With these lessons in their pocket they were able to realize an actual project in a Kenyan context. </p> <p><br /></p> <p>During their research it was vital to find out the local’s view and needs to lead the project to great result, and later on mixing it with their own ideas. In this very different setting they needed to learn about and connect with the locals, carefully listen to them and figure out how they could help them, within their profession. Their project was based in Kisumu, a city in western Kenya. </p> <p><br /></p> <p>–​ After several visits to the slums we found the Future Hope Academy, a small school in one of the city’s most impoverished areas. <span style="background-color:initial">Seeing the energy and enthusiasm of the kids and teachers made us realize this was the right place. Last year students from Chalmers constructed a durable and successful school building, and we wanted to keep this great collaboration going on. </span><span style="background-color:initial">A slum school faces many difficulties and challenges. In a place like this it’s not possible to try and solve a problem when you don’t see it, we needed to be there every day to face the problems. One of the main problems in slums is that there’s a lack of spaces designed for kids; they are not prioritized. That’s why we wanted to give them a space where they can freely and safely be what they are: kids</span><span style="background-color:initial">, say the students</span><span style="background-color:initial">. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">So what do kids need in Kisumu? </h2> <p>Since it’s always around 30 degrees, they need some shelter from the sun. The classrooms are extremely hot during daytime since there’s no ventilation, the roof is made of metal sheets, and there’s just so many kids stuffed in such a small space! </p> <p><br /></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">–​ </span>Can you imagine how hard it is to focus on school when sitting in this scorching heat?  <span style="background-color:initial">We designed and built a playground, with space for outdoor teaching, shaded by a roof shaped as a cloud. It doesn’t have walls, to maximize cross ventilation, but also to create an open space that welcomes everyone. A place where they can eat, study and have lectures, but also do creative things like performances, public speaking, play and just be with each other. Furthermore, this have been an amazing experience and we learned about the importance of connect to the locals and being close to the problem while building in a context where there is no electricity or freshwater. </span><span style="background-color:initial">We wanted to give the children of the Future Hope Academy an open creative space with thermal comfort, daylight and flexibility </span><span style="background-color:initial">– a cloud for creativity! </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">–​ </span><span style="background-color:initial">Hopefully this small change will plant a seed that inspires and develops the area in the future, that is what these amazing kids deserve!​</span></p>Tue, 14 May 2019 16:00:00 +0200 Zboinska will exhibit architectural research prototypes at the Tempe Center for The Arts in the USA<p><b>​Malgorzata Zboinska, PhD, is a researcher at the Division of Architectural Theory and Methods at Chalmers ACE. Her exhibition is featured at the Arts Track of the prestigious 13th International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction TEI2019, taking place March 17-20 in Tempe, Arizona, USA. The research underlying architectural prototype development is also disseminated through a conference article, published in ACM Proceedings (the Association for Computing Machinery).</b></p>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/ArchitecturalFeatures340.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="background-color:initial">The exhibition will feature two interactive architectural objects: the <em>Pliant Flesh of Architecture</em> and the <em>Soft Architectural Body</em>. The prototypes are an architectural research speculation on the possible future of living within Interactive Architectural interiors. Such interiors feature pervasive technologies that listen and react and that are embedded within the physical substance of architecture. </span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div>With connected, data-gathering Interactive Architecture we could be able to build smart, reactive living, working and healthcare environments of tomorrow. These would change their sizes depending on the number of users, prepare buildings for upcoming activities such as the homecomings of inhabitants, enhance wellbeing by offering opportunities of multisensory stress reduction, or help us shut out the outer presence through changes in spatial enfoldments. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Regardless of the actual need, wish or disapproval for such a future, it seems important to explore how it could look and feel like, to gain fundamental knowledge useful in the future research and practice of architectural design combining art with cutting-edge technologies. This is especially important today, in the era of ubiquitous computing and digitalization.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div style="text-align:right"><div><em>Combining non-standard architectural geometry, </em><em style="background-color:initial">unconventional </em></div> <div><em style="background-color:initial">materials, original texture and coloration</em><em style="background-color:initial">in one design</em><em style="background-color:initial">with the goal </em></div> <div><em style="background-color:initial">of triggering haptic interaction</em><em style="background-color:initial">with the architectural object’s physicality </em></div> <div><em style="background-color:initial"></em><em style="background-color:initial">(the Pliant Flesh </em><em style="background-color:initial">of Architecture prototype)</em></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Therefore, in this architectural research exploration, our research team seeks to challenge the notion of an interactive architectural surface as a flat, two-dimensional interface. Instead, we propose the notion of Interactive Voluminous Substance, which moves the interaction experience into four dimensions, shifting it from superficial far-field interaction to a near-field, tactile one. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>If the future architectural interiors and exteriors are made from the Voluminous Architectural Substance, how would it be to dwell with them? The two physical prototypes serve as speculative research objects probing this question at a fundamental research level, focusing on the aspects of visuo-tactile sensations of architectural interaction.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The design research team for the prototypes comprised Malgorzata Zboinska (architectural design, Chalmers), Delia Dumitrescu (prof, PhD, smart textiles and materials design, University of Borås) and Hanna Landin (PhD, interaction design, University of Borås). </div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/HapticFeedbackSystem340.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Programming and mechatronic hardware prototyping was done at RISE Interactive Gothenburg and at KTH Architecture.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The molds for casting the prototype shells and bodies were fabricated at the Robot Lab at Chalmers ACE, using an industrial robot arm KUKA 150. The robotic fabrication team consisted of Karin Hedlund (architect, Artistic Instructor at ACE and research assistant for the Architectural Convertibles research project) and Malgorzata Zboinska. </div> <div>The structures for mounting and presenting the objects were crafted manually and digitally at the Architecture Workshop at Chalmers ACE by Tabita Nilsson (Architecture Workshop representative and Lecturer at ACE).</div> <div style="text-align:right"><em> </em><span style="background-color:initial"><em>The Pliant Flesh of Architecture prototype with its </em></span></div> <div style="text-align:right"><span style="background-color:initial"><em>mechatronic </em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>s</em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>ystem for haptic sensing and actuation</em></span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/RoboticFabrication_ACE-RobotLab2_750.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><em style="background-color:initial">Malgorzata Zboinska and Karin Hedlund running the mold fabrication process using an industrial robot arm KUKA150 at ACE Robot Lab</em><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>***</div> <div>The exhibited prototypes form the result of fundamental Artistic Research in the project <em>Architectural Convertibles: Towards an Alternative Artistic Approach to Designing Interactive Architectural Environments</em>. Malgorzata Zboinska, PhD, is leading this large project, funded by the Swedish Research Council Vetenskapsrådet (VR) with nearly 5 mln kr in years 2016-2019 and hosted at Chalmers ACE. The VR funding supports Malgorzata Zboinska in the establishment as an Artistic Research leader and in building a strong Swedish research network around the subject of Digital and Interactive Architecture Design. 15 Swedish scholars are involved in the project, from academic institutions including Chalmers ACE, the Swedish School of Textiles (University of Borås), RISE Interactive Institutes of Sweden (Gothenburg), KTH and Konstfack University of Arts, Crafts and Design. That team also includes 6 colleagues from the Division of Architectural Theory and Methods at ACE. </div> <div><a href="/en/projects/Pages/Architectural-Convertibles.aspx"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/MalgorzataZboinska340.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />More about the project Architectural Convertibles​ &gt;&gt;</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><em>Malgorzata Zboinska, PhD, researcher at Chalmers ACE and leader of Architectural Convertibles</em></div> </div>Fri, 08 Mar 2019 15:00:00 +0100 do you make movies about structures?<p><b>Emil Adiels is a researcher and lecturer and a part of the Architecture and Engineering Research Group at ACE, interviewed by Princeton University. His research focus is gravitational structures and masonry with respect to geometry, structural mechanics and production methods. What fewer people know is that Emil is also an amazing movie maker.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">– The reason that I started is due to a project which aim is to describe the historical development of skills and knowledge related to the progression in the design of masonry structures, says Emil Adiels. These skills and knowledges include geometry, structural theory, production methods, material development and design tools. Obviously much inspired by the book Building: 3,000 Years of Design, Engineering, and Construction by Bill Addis. In addition to that we also wanted to describe the architectural aspiration and qualities of these spaces such as materiality, spaciousness and light, which we found hard to communicate fully using still pictures and text. During an Interrail vacation in Spain and France I decided to bring my equipment and try filming instead, and when I looked at the footage, I noticed so many added layers compared to stills. </span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The interview can be found at the blog containing the research, thoughts and design philosophy of the <em>Form Finding Lab</em>, led by Prof. Sigrid Adriaenssens at Princeton University. ​​<br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="">Read the interview at Form Finding Lab blog &gt;&gt;</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>More information</div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/emilad.aspx">Emil Adiels</a>, Chalmers University of Technology, <span style="background-color:initial">Architecture and Civil Engineering, Architectural Theory and Methods, Architecture and Engineering Research Group,</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><a href="">​</a><span style="background-color:initial">​</span></div> <span></span><div></div>Fri, 08 Mar 2019 11:00:00 +0100 doctor in drinking water technology<p><b>​Olof Bergstedt is awarded an honorary doctorate for his significant research work in the field of applied drinking water technology. His expertise has proven central in strengthening the collaboration between drinking water researchers at Chalmers, and water producers in Sweden and the Nordics.</b></p>​Olof Bergstedt holds a Master of Science degree in Engineering from Chalmers and is an adjunct professor at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, and the DRICKS centre. He is also a drinking water specialist at Sustainable Waste and Water, City of Gothenburg. <br /><br />His research has focused on developing and improving drinking water preparations in waterworks, and consequently public health. He has also assisted the national water disaster group VAKA with water crises in Sweden. Olof Bergstedt has received several awards from industry and societal organisations. In particular, he was the recipient of the Pumphandle Award in 2008, from the John Snow Society Scandinavia, where he was praised for his research contributing to safer drinking water.  <br /><br />Olof Bergstedt completed his Master of Science degree in 1987 and has remained in contact with Chalmers ever since. He has contributed to many national and international research projects, mainly through his involvement in the research centre DRICKS at Chalmers. <br />Olof Bergstedt will, together with two fellow doctorates, receive his award during the Chalmers doctoral degree ceremony in Gothenburg Concert Hall in Gothenburg on May 18, 2019. Thu, 28 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Block<p><b>​​Emil Adiels, member of the Architecture and Engineering Research group, took the opportunity to interview Philippe Block during the conference Advances in Architectural Geometry at Chalmers in September last year. Philippe Block is Professor at the Institute of Technology in Architecture at ETH Zurich and co-director of the Block Research Group(BRG). ​</b></p>Research at the BRG focuses on several core areas, including analysis of masonry structures, graphical analysis and design methods, computational form finding and structural design, discrete element assemblies, and fabrication and construction technologies.Fri, 22 Feb 2019 13:00:00 +0100 architectural design could prevent suicide<p><b>​Suicide among younger people is often so spontaneous that it can be prevented if they do not encounter a potentially dangerous place outdoors. Getting the form of the built environment correct is therefore a very important factor in stopping suicide among young people. This is the finding of Charlotta Thodelius, a researcher at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.</b></p><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">​Suicide the second most common cause of death among young people​​</h2> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Combining sociology and criminology with architecture in her doctoral thesis, Charlotta Thodelius’ dissertation centres on injuries among young people up to 19 years old, and how the built environment influences these injuries. It consists of three parts: accidents in the home environment, the risk of violence at school, and the importance of location in suicidal situations. </span><div><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div>Globally, suicide is the second most common cause of death among young people. Their suicide often differs radically from adults when it comes to the level of planning and conviction. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Yonger people commit a different type of suicide​</h2></div> <div>“I have observed that younger people commit a different type of suicide from adults,” says Charlotta Thodelius. “They are spontaneous and act very impulsively. They might not want to actually die, they just want something to stop. It might be something that has been going on for a while, but it can also be something that, as adults, we might find quite trivial – breaking up with a partner, fighting with parents, doing badly in a test, or being gossiped about.” </div> <div><br /></div> <div>She continues, “If you compare with suicide among adults, that is usually more well-planned. Bills are paid, letters are sent, and a place is chosen where they won’t be easily found beforehand – out in the woods, or in a hotel room.” </div> <div><br /></div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2" style="font-family:&quot;open sans&quot;, sans-serif">Important to prevent easy access to a deadly place​​</h2></div> <div>She believes that we should first understand suicidal impulses among the young as their way of dealing with a difficult situation. In this case, the deciding factor could simply be if they have easy access to a deadly place or not. They seek out desolate, but easily accessible places which they know well and are close to where they spend most of their time. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>If there are obstacles to taking their own life in these places, there is a high chance that they have no plan B and will abandon the attempt. After the acute stage of the crisis passes, they may not make another attempt to commit suicide. Earlier research, mainly in the USA, has already demonstrated that when you set up obstacles at ‘hotspots’, the total number of suicides goes down and there is no corresponding increase in other places instead. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“There are therefore good reasons to modify the built environment around known hotspots and try to avoid creating new ones in city development,” says Charlotta Thodelius. “This requires input from engineers, city planners and architects.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Unclear authority over the question​</h2></div> <div>One difficulty is that no one really has authority over the question. This hinders collaboration between different actors, from civil engineers to emergency personnel, psychiatrists and local authorities.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“These groups have to speak to one another, and really analyse each hotspot individually to be able to take effective measures. Standard solutions, for example glass barriers on train platforms which have been installed on certain train tracks in Japan, work poorly. There are good local examples where the collaboration required has been achieved, but it is not done systematically throughout society.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Furthermore, it is important that preventative measures do not disturb the original and everyday function of a place, or their pleasant atmosphere. Attractive places with many visitors rarely become hotspots. In city planning, it is necessary to avoid creating new dangerous places in desolate ‘no-man’s-land’ areas where city builders don’t really cooperate; environments where it’s not natural for people to be.</div> <div> </div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Attractive places rarely become hotspots​</h2></div> <div>“The best thing is to understand and adopt this perspective as early as the planning stage for new buildings and city areas,” says Charlotta Thodelius. Adjustments made after construction are more difficult, but even existing hotspots can usually be made safer while still maintaining a pleasant atmosphere and their functionality. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>She has seen many examples, both good and bad. <span style="background-color:initial">“A bad example would be a bridge with unattractive suicide nets set up. This can easily stigmatise a place, and make the general public avoid it. A better example is a bridge, with a fence covered in plants and flowers. This doesn’t affect a place in the same way – instead of being perceived as a suicide prevention measure, it can rather be seen as something to simply make the place nicer.” </span></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More about the research</h3> <div>Charlotta Thodelius presented her doctoral dissertation <a href="">Rethinking Injury Events. Explorations in Spatial Aspects and Situational Prevention Strategies</a> on November 23, 2018. She previously completed a Bachelor’s in sociology and a Master’s in criminology.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The part of the study looking at violence in school shows that a key factor in reducing risks is getting the balance right between supervision and freedom in ‘unowned’ places, such as corridors, shelters and bathrooms, the places where most violent events occur. Charlotta Thodelius believes that many schools have too much separation of the premises for teachers and students, which results in too little natural contact between adults and young people.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The part of the study on accidents in housing environments shows that it is mainly stairwells in multi-occupant buildings and outdoor areas near residential buildings that would benefit from preventative work, focusing on design issues to reduce injury events.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The doctoral dissertation from Chalmers Department for Architecture and Civil Engineering is part of a multidisciplinary research project on injury events in home and living environments.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">For more information, please contact:</h2> <div>Charlotta Thodelius, Division of Building Design, Department for Architecture and Civil Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, <a href=""></a>, +46 31-772 23 57​</div> <div></div> <br /> </div></div></div>Mon, 11 Feb 2019 08:00:00 +0100 Student Competition 2019 - Götaplatsen reloaded<p><b>​Ebba Johansson and Mikolaj Rezler shared the 1st Prize in the Melchior Wernstedt Student Competition 2019.</b></p><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">​<span>Shared 1st Prize </span></h2> <div>Motto: BLEND IN BLEND OUT Author: Ebba Johansson. Prize: 6000 SEK</div> <div> </div> <div>Motto: THE ENTRANCE Author: Mikolaj Rezler. Prize: 6000 SEK​</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/ace/School-of-Architecture/Courses-and-projects/Wernstedt%20Sketch/Pages/2019.aspx">See the entries here &gt;&gt;</a></div> <div> </div>Fri, 08 Feb 2019 17:00:00 +0100 färg 2018: This year´s theme - The Colour Blue<p><b>​3rd prize to Michelle Lundin, Linnea Englund, Maria Elander, Matilda Olsson, Lisa Johansson, Architecture, Chalmers, for their proposal &quot;Sky, Sea, Rain&quot; in the colour design competition for newly graduataed and students of design, architecture, visual communication and art in Sweden.​</b></p>​Jury Justification: We are fooled into thinking that we see everything the same. This contribution shows what diversity our experiences and associations represent. 100 people in Gothenburg with similar background experienced heaven, sea and rain in a blue scale in infinitely many ways. This survey shows that we see the same things but experience it differently. This shows the wide color palette we see.<div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/PF_vilken-cirkel_750x320.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />More information at <a href="">​​</a><br /><br /></div>Fri, 08 Feb 2019 15:00:00 +0100 Edges - Masthuggskajen<p><b>​Sustainable building competition 2018: Winners of 1st Prize! “LIVING EDGES” Gabija Zakarauskaite, Ignacio Ramirez Verdyguer, Kaj Norberg and Sandra Moberg.</b></p><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">​<span>The awards</span></h2> <div><span><br /></span></div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>&quot;LIVING EDGES&quot;​</strong></p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>1st Prize! 25.000 SEK</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Sandra Moberg, Kaj Norberg, Ignacio Ramirez Verdyguer and Gabija Zakarauskaite</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>&quot;SAY HELLO TO YOUR NEIGHBOUR&quot;</strong></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong> </strong> </p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>2nd Prize! 10.000 SEK</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Josefin Eliasson, Therese Svensson and Cajsa Tingdal</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong>&quot;AXTIVITY&quot;</strong></p> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>3rd Prize! 5.000 SEK</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Karolina Bloch, Sophie Hjertqvist, Emmi Olsson and Malin Persson​</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><div>The Competition has been running as a Studio (ARK350) in the Master's Programmes <em>&quot;Design for Sustainable Development&quot;</em> and <em>&quot;Structural Engineering and Building Performance Design&quot;</em>. The participants are interdisciplinary teams of students from Chalmers led by representatives of the <span style="background-color:initial">Copenhagen based architectural studio GXN Innovation.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">A site and a client</h2> <div><br /></div> <div>The goal of the competition has been to generate ideas and design proposals as well as sustainability strategies for an urban block in Masthuggskajen. The City of Gothenburg will undergo huge changes in the coming years as the old industry harbour is redeveloped, including Masthuggskajen. A preliminary plan for Masthuggskaja prioritises sustainability, a dynamic social life and connections to the existing city and infrastructures including Masthuggsterassen, Långgator and Linnaeus city, amongst others.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The western part of this plan is to be developed by Älvstranden Utveckling into a high-density, mixed use development, encompassing housing, early‐years education, a mobility hub and athletics facilities. The goal opf the competition was to investigate how these functions and this site could be transformed into an innovative, truly sustainable and inspiring new quarter for Gothenburg.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Prior to the competition, Älvstranden Utveckling had a volumetric proposal developed for the site, suggesting functions and density. The students where given the freedom to challenge the scheme, and suggest alternative urbanistic, functional and sustainability strategies to achieve the ambition for the site.</div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">The Jury</h2> <div><br /></div> <div>An external Jury was chosen from the very start in September 2017, consisting of representatives of Älvstranden Utveckling, Gothenburg City Planning Office and of 3XN partner in Copenhagen. The following persons met on January the 14th as members of the Jury:</div> <div><ul><li>Audun Opdal, Architect, Partner 3XN architects, Copenhagen. (chair of the jury)</li> <li>Staffan Bolminger, Process leader Sustainable Innovation (engineer), co-owner FOG Innovation</li> <li>Adelina Lundell, Process leader, Social sustainability specialist, Älvstranden utveckling, Gothenburg City</li> <li>Andrea Hulting Gustavsson, Architect, Gothenburg City Planning Office</li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The jury has been meeting, after the presentation of the proposals, on January the 14th to discuss the entries and freely decide on a number of awards to be announced on the same day. The jury has had a total amount of 40.000 SEK at its disposal.​</div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">The jury’s assessment and used criteria for evaluation</h3> <div><br /></div> <div>The jury was generally impressed with the level of ambition, and the amount of work put forward by the groups. The discussions focused on how the projects in different ways aimed achieving urban qualities via edge zones and thresholds, in a dense urban setting with the demands for a large parking structure, as well as pre-school and residential components. The students presented several different approaches that illustrated how water management, urban nature, spontaneous social meeting spots as well as architectural form could solve the challenging site and contextual difficulties.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The jury tried as much as possible to focus on the ‘Evaluation Criteria’ stated in the Competition brief. These are:</div> <div><ol><li>Good collaboration</li> <li>Good esthetic standard</li> <li>Integration of holistically sustainable design</li> <li>Strength of value proposition – especially regarding edge zones</li> <li>Level of realizability</li></ol></div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">The entries</h2> <div><br /></div> <div>The entries generally kept the main intentions from Älvstrandens scheme, with a large parking structure towards north, an open park towards east as well as a mix of preschool, student housing and residential units. The density of the proposals varied greatly. Some groups had changed the volume, and redistributed in order to get more daylight into the courtyard, and to create areas that with informal qualities. <span style="background-color:initial">A general theme was the work with rainwater management in surface solutions such as rain gardens and wetland areas. This was generally used to create aesthetic and social qualities. A main challenge in the competition was how to activate the urban space by creating inviting and varied edge zone conditions. The winning proposals can generally be said to have solved this in a qualified way.​</span></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">1st Prize!</h4> <div><a href="">&quot;LIVING EDGES&quot;​</a></div> <div>This proposal responds positively to all the challenges given by the Competition. The project shows the result of possible collaborative strategies between the different competencies required. The proposal is convincing in showing in depth technical analysis on how to collect and store water, produce energy and especially disassemble the parking house and introduce residential units in a future scenario. Furthermore, the approach to a varied landscape of edge conditions are inspiring and well conceived. The architectural approach is simple and robust, and stems from a solid analysis of architectural typologies in the area as well as focus on the human scale.</div> <div><br /></div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">2nd Prize!</h4> <div>&quot;SAY HELLO TO YOUR NEIGHBOUR&quot;</div> <div>The project is well worked out in the urban context and had the strongest concept for connecting the proposed food roof with the urban realm. Furthermore, this project is the only one to properly bridge to the water, and create an interesting concept for how to activate the river front, which is appreciated by the jury. The project was therefore acknowledged for its urbanistic approach and interesting architecture. However the project had shortcomings in convincingly explaining the sustainability approach besides water handling, and proposed to increase the density on the site, which was not conceived as a good idea.</div> <div><br /></div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">3rd Prize!</h4> <div>&quot;AXTIVITY&quot;</div> <div>This project focus on the concept of activity, as an urban strategy of engaging citizens across ages and interests. The project proposed an alternative approach to the arrival of the site, with an elevated café a top the tram stop and a landscape bridge connecting various levels of the site. The main diagram thus highlighted three axis in the project, which was the main conceptual approach combined with the activities. The project has its strength in the alternative approach to the site, as well as a strong concept for the parking roof. Also the graphic style of the proposal was noted as a positive by the jury. The project had its shortcomings in the clearness of the concept, which was interesting but lacked a convincing story of the qualities behind the large elevated landscape.​</div></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> ​Tue, 05 Feb 2019 10:00:00 +0100 J K Williams on Frei Otto<p><b>​Dr. Chris Williams is structural engineer and member of the Architecture and Engineering Research group. He has worked with some of the best engineering and architectural practices such as Arup, Atelier One, Buro Happold, Foster and Partners. During his career he has been part of creating some of the most iconic buildings of our time such as British Museum Court Roof and Mannheim Mulithalle.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">In this interview by Emil Adiels, also member of the research group, Chris shares his thoughts about the architect Frei Otto, who was awarded the Pritzker award just before his passing in 2015. Emil asked Chris if he could elaborate on both how Frei Otto was as person aswell as a professional.</span><div><br /></div> <div>The interview is part of a research project by Emil Adiels funded by ARQ.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="">Link to interview &gt;&gt;</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="">More information on Architecture and Engineering Research Group &gt;&gt;</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> Mon, 21 Jan 2019 13:00:00 +0100 Calculator: Naturvårdsverket grant to SMoG researchers<p><b>​The project provides cutting edge technology for architects and planners in urban development projects through a new generation of advanced but easy-to-use technology that enables analysis of design proposals with regard to system and sustainability effects. The application gives both &quot;hard facts&quot; in numbers and &quot;soft facts&quot; in reference images showing streets and/or urban areas with similar values as the designed proposal.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">More concretely, it provides insight the streets centralities, the neighbourhoods’ density and accessibility to green space as well as ecosystems capacity. The project will result in a digital design tool available through Chalmers.</span><div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/meta-berghauserpont.aspx">Meta Berghauser Pont​</a>, SMoG Research at Chalmers (ACE), will lead the project.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="">Find more information at the Spatial Morphology Group website &gt;&gt;​​</a></div> Fri, 30 Nov 2018 15:00:00 +0100