News: Architecture and Civil Engineering, Arkitektur, Bygg- och miljöteknik related to Chalmers University of TechnologyWed, 04 Dec 2019 14:45:13 +0100 floodings in cities with green roofs<p><b>​The amount of rain and extreme rainfall is expected to increase on our northern latitudes because of climate change. This can have major consequences in densely populated areas that run the risk of flooding and have problems with contaminated storm water. But advanced green roofs with microstructure design may be the solution, researchers at Chalmers believe.</b></p>“Global climate trends indicate an increase in both extreme and total annual precipitation in the northern latitudes. It will have a major impact on the quality of life in densely populated urban environments in Scandinavia. But at the same time, there is a great need to increase the quality of stormwater that drains into the sea”, says Dario Maggiolo, researcher at the Division of Fluid Dynamics at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.<p></p> <p>In a scenario where the amount of rainfall is expected to increase drastically, two objectives are very important for the future development of cities and urban environments: firstly, efficient management of the amount of rainwater is required to minimize the risk of flooding and optimized management of water quality.</p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Green roofs with microstructure design can be the key</h2> <p>Green roofs can play a key role in achieving this two-fold objective by regulating rainfall runoff and the transport of stormwater-borne pollutants according to Dario Maggiolo:</p> <p>“Advanced green roofs with an optimal microstructural design can be a breakthrough in handling both water quantity and quality in urban environments. In this project, we will combine microscopic numerical calculations and experimental analysis to enable advanced design of green roofs”, he says.</p> <p>The project has received 3 million SEK from Formas and is a collaboration between the departments of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences as well as Architecture and Civil Engineering​.</p> <p><br /></p> <p>Text: Anders Ryttarson Törneholm​<br /></p>Tue, 03 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 design in urban planning yields a better quality of life<p><b>​Due to dense city planning and tall houses, the wind speed is lower in cities compared to the countryside. This leads to reduced removal of heat and air pollution, which in turn creates problems for residents in larger urban areas. Now researchers at Chalmers have received 4.3 million to develop new tools for sustainable urban planning.</b></p>“Higher daytime temperatures reduced nighttime cooling and increased levels of air pollution have a negative impact on human health. For example, it can contribute to generally reduced well-being, respiratory difficulties, heat cramps, fatigue and heat stroke”, says Gaetano Sardina, assistant professor in the Division of Fluid Dynamics at the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.<p></p> <p>In densely populated areas, temperatures become higher and the air quality deteriorates due to lower wind speeds as buildings act as a wind trap and shut in the hot and polluted air. This effect is known as &quot;Urban Heat Islands&quot; and is most noticeable during the summer and winter months. Also, the effects of heatwaves in the urban areas are heightened with increased air temperature. Sensitive individuals such as children, the elderly and people with certain illnesses are particularly exposed to such events.</p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Bad air increases deaths</h2> <p>The combination of severe heat and high levels of air pollution can be very problematic. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that between 1979 and 2003, heat waves contributed to more than 8,000 premature deaths in the United States. It is more than the deaths caused by hurricanes, lightning, tornadoes, floods and earthquakes altogether.</p> <p>The large-scale effects on society are evident in the increase in costs for health care, lost working days and reduced productivity. But researchers expect that economic losses due to increased temperatures in urban areas can be reduced by up to 200 per cent in cities that have implemented appropriate measures.</p> <p>“Our goal is to find out how the cities of the future will be built to improve thermal comfort and air quality for its inhabitants. In current urban planning practices in Sweden, these aspects of residents' health are not considered”, says Gaetano Sardina.</p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Digital tool for city planning</h2> <p>The researchers will develop a new digital tool that can provide a representation of an urban area in 3D. The use of digital tools will increase significantly in the future and change regulations and help urban planners to start using effective data-driven design. The results of this study will provide new guidelines for sustainable urban planning to improve the quality of life for residents in terms of thermal comfort and air quality.</p> <p>The project has received 4.3 million SEK from Formas and is a collaboration between the departments of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences as well as Architecture and Civil Engineering together with FCC Fraunhofer.</p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">Read more about Goal 11 in Agenda 2030: </span><a href="">Sustainable Cities and Communities​​​​</a></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">Text: Anders Ryttarson Törneholm​</span>​<br /></p>Wed, 27 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Agriculture gives sustainable food-production new knowledge and work opportunities<p><b>​Rapidly growing cities set new demands for sustainable food production. The ‘Green Production’ project focused on urban agriculture and has made contributions to developing new business models. The ‘Foodmaker’ course has been popular amongst both professional chefs, restaurant owners, food and sustainability interested peoples and civil servants.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">With an increased urbanisation it is necessary to understand where our food comes from, i.e. where and how it is produced. The demand for locally produced food has increased among citizens. Green Production was a project within Mistra Urban Futures which focused on the need for more and better urban farming and more locally produced food. </span><div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Demand for education in the field of urban agriculture</h2> <div>The project started in 2013 to map people and fields of activities that were active or were affected by urban agriculture in Gothenburg, such as secondary schools with agricultural profile, existing activities and land-owners. Together, two focus areas were identified. The first was to cater for the need of education within the field of food and farming and the second to identify new business models for urban agriculture. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Growing food in the city was fairly new at that time and we saw that the interest for urban farming started to increase. Our aim was to create possibilities for more and new actors to get the chance to grow food in the city. There was a need for more education, new business models and more networking”, Martin Berg, says.</div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Focused on cooperative agriculture</h2> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/UFmartinberg1jpeg.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><em>Martin Berg, project leader Grön Produktion</em><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>‘Green production’ particularly focused on cooperative agriculture . This could mean that a group of consumers or citizens own a farm together. It could also mean that it is “producer-driven”, which means that a producer has customers that may pre-order a certain amount of the products that are planned for. Through Green Production, a range of activities to strengthen the cooperative agriculture in West Sweden were carried out in West Sweden. Today, the business-models that have been identified are used in several organisations such as ‘Lilla Jordbruket in Bergum’ (a suburban area close to Gothenburg), ‘Bossgården in Tidaholm’ (West Sweden) and Kajodlingen, at Lindholmen, (close to the harbour in Gothenburg). </div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">More people see the value of urban agriculture</h2> <div>More people see the value of urban agriculture, not least thanks to work done by the different local networks that have been involved in or put their efforts into the ‘Green Production’-project. Today, Martin Berg works at the Property management administration, in the City of Gothenburg, and he has brought knowledge and experiences with him to the city. In his opinion, the city is now in a situation where it contributes to the development of sustainable methods for food production in Gothenburg and its surroundings. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“These organisations create new job opportunities and potentially several more in the future, in particular in areas with agricultural land that is not fully used, not least in Gothenburg.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Small scale food-production increases the attraction of the farming areas and surroundings and creates a larger biological diversity. That is something tourists and citizens alike are interested in. We need to make food-production more visible in the city. It is very pedagogical for the consumer to see and learn the whole process”, Martin Berg, says. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Per Myrén Changemaker</em><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/UFpermyrberg.jpeg_1.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="font-family:inherit;background-color:initial">Foo</span><span style="font-family:inherit;background-color:initial">dmaker-course started and many participated</span></h2> <div>'Green Production’ built knowledge and carried out research by gathering important local actors. It was important for the project that knowledge about green production was shared among entrepreneurs. The social company  Changemaker started a course tailored for a folk high-school about the green production.</div> <div>“We transformed the experiences from green production and designed a course. 35 persons applied for the first course in just two weeks. Among them, there were civil servants, professional chefs, hobby growers and restaurant-owners”, Per Myrén says, project leader for the ’<a href="">Food-maker</a>’ course.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The course has since then been arranged six times, with over 300 participants in total.</div> <div> </div> <div>Per Myrén says there has been a specific need to learn more about food-production, food-security and skills of growing. <span style="background-color:initial">“The course is about food, processing food and eco system-services but also how to grow, process and logistics of food-production. Through this course 'Foodmaker' our aim is to follow the level or point from soil to table.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The course covers different aspects of urban farming, including its limitations. According to Per Myrén this gives the basis for the course’s credibility:  </div> <div>“There are great possibilities to grow food in the city. But if you don’t have the right skills you might believe that food and urban farming are much easier than it really is and it is important to understand the limits for what one can do in a city.” </div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Project facts: </h2> <div>Project title: <a href="">Green Production - Growing food and work in the city </a></div> <div>Partners: <a href="/en/Pages/default.aspx">Chalmers University of Technology</a>, <a href="">IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute</a>, Studiefrämjandet, <a href="">County Administrative Board of Vastra Gotaland</a>, Pilotprojektkontoret, <a href="">City of Gothenburg</a> (through: the Property Management Administration, Development North East (UNO - Utveckling Nordost) and the Environmental Administration), Stadsjord, <a href="">Coompanion​</a> and Changemaker.</div> <div>Project period: Jan 2013 - April 2015</div> <div>Financier: The project has been granted financial support from the Delegation for Sustainable Cities.</div> Wed, 13 Nov 2019 16:00:00 +0100 Stenberg in the research group @URBS receives funding from Formas<p><b>​The project “Together we build – a method for young self-builders to create homes and meeting places” has received SEK 2 million for two years to further develop Egnahemsfabriken at Tjörn in collaboration with the municipality, adult education, the church and others.</b></p><em>​</em><span style="background-color:initial"><em>Together we build</em> is about spreading knowledge to young people about an innovative design method for self- builders. Target groups are “newly arrived” young people and youths who grew up in the area. The purpose is utilization of knowledge that have been developed in two Vinnova-funded projects at Tjörn. The project involves the Municipality of Tjörn and a number of experts on codesign. The idea is to use young people to reach young people. We develop a strategy for young people to act as “motor” when it comes to attracting young people to want to build their own homes. By combining “learning by doing” with a strategy of “food as a magnet”, they get empowered and learn to build by designing and building an outdoor kitchen together. In a parallel strategy, they learn filming and film editing, are given the task of making interviews during the process and shaping short films to present at a number of events where it comes young people. It is thus the development of the design method that is in focus, and the sense of increased power that it through “learning by doing” transfer to young people, which makes them ready to imagine the idea of shaping and building their own homes. The long-term goal is to enhance Egnahemsfabriken’s support structure to make it working well also for young people, so that youths are reached when the support structure in the long run is scaled up to other municipalities in the country.</span><div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">More information</span></div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/jenny-stenberg.aspx">Jenny Stenberg</a>, Associate Professor, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Architectural Theory and Methods</div>Thu, 31 Oct 2019 11:00:00 +0100's-William-Chalmers-lecturer-to-the-paradise-of-clay-–-Gothenburg.aspx's-William-Chalmers-lecturer-to-the-paradise-of-clay-%E2%80%93-Gothenburg.aspxFollow this year&#39;s William Chalmers lecturer to the paradise of clay<p><b>​Professor Minna Karstunen was already clinging to clay as a child - and it finally led her to Chalmers. At this year&#39;s William Chalmers lecture, she talks about how the moveable Gothenburg clay can become a solid foundation for the future.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Minna Karstunen, Professor of Geotechnics at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, is hired as an independent expert in the work with Västlänken and leads the Geotechnics research group at Chalmers.</span><div><br /><div>She laughs a little as she tells about the first memory of her fascination with clay.</div> <div>“Even as a kid I was very fond of the material, of shaping it. I ran away into a field and made bears out of mud. When I got home covered in dirt my mom got very angry and had to clean me with the garden hose…”</div> <div>The clay was rinsed from the clothes, but her interest in the material has lived on. After studying geotechnics, and almost 20 years in the UK –  first as a doctoral student in Swansea, Wales and then as academic in Glasgow, Scotland – it was once again the clay that guided her steps. This time to Chalmers.</div> <div>“For research on clay, Gothenburg is a paradise. Here you have good access to samples and a great lab, I can do things here that weren’t possible in the UK”, says Minna Karstunen.</div> <div><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><strong>Lecture on tunnels in quick clay and the Göta tunnel</strong></div> <div>Minna Karstunen is still in the process of putting her William Chalmers lecture together, but some of the content she can already reveal.</div> <div>“I will talk about what quick clay and sensitive clay is – and give an example of how well we can do things if we use our best knowledge in soft soil modeling: Götatunneln, which is one of the latest deep excavations in Gothenburg”.</div> <div>“The big challenge with deep excavations is that you can model how the work will progress before the start, but inevitably there will be changes during the actual construction work – there can always be remains of Dutch settlements showing up. A good thing with Sweden, however, is that at least there are not as many old bombs appearing as in Germany and the UK ...”</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Expert for the construction of Västlänken</strong></div> <div>Minna Karstunen is also an independent geotechnical expert in the construction of the big infrastructure project Västlänken in Gothenburg.</div> <div>“My role is to ensure that Västlänken is delivered in a technically sound way. It is no problem to build it if you have good predictions and plans for what to do if you encounter foreseen and unforeseen problems”.</div> <div>Then, what is so special about the Gothenburg clay, this controversial soil that some claim is impossible to build through?</div> <div>“First of all, there is a lot of clay. It is soft and, in some places, it is also a possible natural hazard. This isn’t a material to play with, and we do not yet fully understand why it behaves the way it does”.</div> <div>“The Gothenburg clay is special – but not so special. In Mexico City there is a much softer clay and there they have been able to build a subway. Oslo, Helsinki and Saint Petersburg also have similar conditions as here. So Gothenburg is not so extreme”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Minna Karstunen is very much looking forward to giving a William Chalmers lecture.</div> <div>“It's an honour, and not something you say no to. What I'm talking about is important for all of us – everything we do needs to be rooted on the ground”.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>On Tuesday November 5th </strong>Minna Karstunen talked more about her research in her roll as the William Chalmers lecturer of 2019.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Text: </strong>Erik Krång</div> <div><strong>Photo:</strong> Johan Bodell</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div><strong>Minna Karstunen…</strong></div> <div>... is a Professor at the Division of Geology and Geotechnics at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering and leads the research group Geotechnics. The focus of her research is the complex rate dependency of the stress-strain response of soft clays. She has previously worked as a Lecturer at the University of Glasgow and ultimately as a Professor at the University of Strathclyde.</div></div></div>Mon, 14 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Density get Formas funding<p><b>​The research group SMoG at Chalmers and partners at BTH, SLU, Boverket and Norrköping municipality have received funding for the research project Smart Density (Formas, 1.5 mKr). The project aims at providing planning practice with more precise and accurate knowledge on the topic of urban densification.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">It will result in a web-application based on a meta-analysis of more than 300 scientific papers that allows practice to compare density trade-offs. The project is a continuation of the ongoing project Density and Sustainability - paradigms in practice and the results of research that ends in 2019. This latter project will result in (1) a systematic review of positive and negative effects of densification; (2) an overview of claimed density effects in planning practice, based on a review of 60 Swedish comprehensive plans; and (3) a synthesis of matches and mismatches between (1) and (2). </span><div> </div> <div>The new project will use the results of the systematic review produced in Density and Sustainability, perform a meta-analysis and develop a web-application to transfer the knowledge on density trade-offs to practice. This will allow the decision-making processes in urban planning and design to become more transparent and effective in supporting defined sustainability goals. The application will give municipalities an equal access to up-to-date information and knowledge on density, which is especially important for small municipalities with fewer resources. </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/meta-berghauserpont.aspx">Meta Berghauser Pont</a>, associate professor at Chalmers, will lead the project. Co-applicants are adjunct professor Per Haupt at BTH and professor Per G Berg at SLU. Other partners involved are Boverket and the municipality of Norrköping; the first as key to the dissemination of results and the latter as testbed for the development of the web-application.</div> Mon, 07 Oct 2019 10:00:00 +0200 FLESH: Novel digital crafting, material research and encounters in interactive architecture<p><b>​The exhibition showcases interactive pieces, hybrid artefacts, graphic animations and tactile samples that have been developed through the encounter between mechanical and human, precision and imprecision, in the field of interactive architecture and digital design.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">In November, <a href="">Färgfabriken​</a> hosts an exhibition into the making of flesh – as a replacement for the term “skin,” often overused in architecture. Here, flesh implies thickness. It is explored in pliable casts and moulds made from silicone that engage the visitor and provoke a response. The exhibited interactive pieces, hybrid artefacts, graphic animations and tactile samples have been developed through the encounter between mechanical and human, precision and imprecision. What appears to be a highly predictable process in the digital realm, is in fact the result of fluid artistic investigation: architect and researcher <a href="/en/staff/Pages/malgorzata-zboinska.aspx">Malgorzata Zboinska</a> and her interdisciplinary team have extended the field of computational innovation by introducing imprecision, unpredictability, craft and co-creation with the machines into their research. </span><div><br /></div> <div>Hence, the artefacts on display arise from collaborative making and generate an alternative perspective on what contemporary digital architecture could become. Collectively, these works seek to embody a wider understanding of architectural flesh. They speculate on the kind of digitalized environments that could emerge in the future and push the realm of digital architecture by including artistic and corporeal conditions. In so doing, they invite us to reflect on the future dialogue between craftsmanship and digital design in a way that also embraces their relationship with nature. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><div></div></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Special Events  </h2> <div><strong>Opening Vernissage 5 November 2019, 18:00-21:00</strong>, tours with Artist November 6.​<br /></div> <div>Date of Exhibition: 5-16 November, 2019</div> <div>Location: Färgfabriken, Lövholmsbrinken 1, 117 43 Stockholm (Metro: Liljeholmen, Tram: Trekanten).<br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div>Curated by: Anna Maria Orrù, <span style="background-color:initial">t</span><span style="background-color:initial">el</span><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span style="background-color:initial">: 0720 162 162</span><span style="background-color:initial">​, </span><span style="background-color:initial">e</span><span style="background-color:initial">mail: <a href=""></a>  </span></div> <div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span></span><span></span><div>More information:</div> <div>Malgorzata Zboinska, phone: +46 31 772 65 27, email: <a href="">​</a>​​​</div></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The exhibition culminates from an artistic research project &quot;<a href="/en/projects/Pages/Architectural-Convertibles.aspx">Architectural Convertibles: Towards an alternative artistic approach to designing interactive architectural Environments​</a>&quot;, funded by the Swedish Research Council Vetenskapsrådet.<br /></div>Wed, 25 Sep 2019 16:00:00 +0200 and Economy united in new professorship<p><b>​Sweden&#39;s first interdisciplinary professorship in architecture and economy is being appointed at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg. The Austrian architect Walter Unterrainer is the professor who will link architecture with knowledge in business, and thereby develop the role of the architect for generations to come.</b></p>– We are very pleased to announce that Walter Unterrainer will be assuming the post in September. Walter's solid experience, both theoretical and practical, provides an opportunity for quicker knowledge development in the vital connection between architecture and economy. This is an exciting component that we are adding to Chalmers' faculty, says Fredrik Nilsson, Head of Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.     <br /><br />Born and raised in Austria, Walter Unterrainer has previously run his own architectural firm and has long-standing experience from the academic world. His work emphasises on environmental sustainability, and by building on his own behalf, he has developed a number of innovative solutions for energy efficiency as well as cost reduction. The move to Chalmers, where he has previously given lectures, goes from Aarhus School of Architecture in Denmark.     <br /><br />– I consider questions regarding economics as fundamental for architecture as well as for the architectural profession. Economy decides if and how an architectural idea can be turned into a concrete, material reality. In my opinion, economics in architecture consists of responsible management of all resources, which can refer to environmental assets, funds, a specific location, existing buildings, residue, and human resources. The discussion about the actual cost, and more importantly value, connects a pragmatic view on architecture with the bigger questions we face today regarding climate change, the depletion of natural resources, and social development, says Walter Unterrainer.    <br /><br />In Germany and many other European countries, academic posts that connect economics and architecture already exist. However, in Sweden, the professorship, which is financed by Maria and Magnus Månsson's Trust, will be the first of its kind.      <br /><br /><div>– As architects, we need to possess a greater knowledge of business if we want to add value to what we design. This is vital whether we are working with a private client, or establishing a zoning plan with the City Planning Office. This is why I'm excited Walter, a highly-skilled and internationally renowned colleague, is coming to Chalmers. We will now be incorporating the economic understanding as a segment of the education, and I look forward to seeing how it will affect and change the architectural role overtime, says Magnus Månsson, group president at Semrén &amp; Månsson, Adjunct Professor at Chalmers and founder of The Maria and Magnus Månsson Trust.<em></em><span><em></em></span><br /></div>Thu, 29 Aug 2019 08:00:00 +0200 in Digital Twins will revolutionise urban development<p><b>​With today’s technology that enables the creation of digital twins, a car or airplane can be modeled, simulated and optimized before it leaves the drafting table.  A progress that is about to become reality even for something as complex as whole cities. Swedish innovation agency Vinnova have recently announced a grand and long-term investment into a Chalmers based competence centre that will lead the development.</b></p>​Cities are the largest and most complex human artifacts, and also the most resource consuming and waste producing.  The share of the world’s population living in cities is increasing every year, which also increases the need for a transformation into sustainable design of our cities. The integration of digital methods can be of great support in this challenge. Like the process of designing an airplane or a car based on mathematical modeling, simulation and optimisation, cities could be designed to become more livable, efficient and resilient as they may be analysed and experienced before they are built. The undertaking from Vinnova makes the basis of a total investment of SEK 100 million to create opportunities to analyze and test the components of urban development in a completely new way.    <br /><br /> – We are extremely happy and proud. Behind our application is very hard and long-term work from a committed team at Chalmers in close collaboration with our partners, says Professsor <a href="/en/staff/Pages/logg.aspx">Anders Logg</a>,  Department of Mathematical Sciences and one of two designated directors of the centre. <br /><div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Copies improves the original</h3></div> <div>Digital twins is a concept that have revolutionized the manufacturing industry and is used daily to construct increasingly refined products. The technology has spread to include the planning and development of our cities but is usually limited to visual representation. Digital Twin Cities will develop the concept of digital twins for cities by modeling and simulating the city as a complex multi-physics system based on real-time data.    </div> <br /> – Digital Twin may be a well-established concept, but what’s unique about our concept compared to those elsewhere, is that we aim to integrate what is underground, treating the city as a four-dimensional complex system in our simulations, says Professor <a href="/en/staff/Pages/minna-karstunen.aspx">Minna Karstunen</a>, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering and designated director of the centre.    <br /><br />The uniqueness of the concept was something Vinnova noted in their assessment, expressed in their motivation as follows: ”The novel approach in an otherwise well addressed field was deemed impressive by the evaluators, combining open source, smart city developments and public sector linkages, convincing the evaluators of the potential of the application.”   <br /><div><br /></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Gathers a diversity in competencies</h3></div>  – We now have the possibility to fulfill and scale up our pilot VirtualCity@Chalmers, which will make the cornerstone in the development of our centre. At the same time, we will now be able to take advantage of the strong competence already existing at Chalmers within modeling, simulation and visualization of cities, by combining our competencies in architecture, engineering, mathematics and computer science, with experience and current challenges from our partners, Anders Logg concludes.    <br /><br />A broad consortium of 28 Swedish and international stakeholders with the base in Chalmers will cooperate in Digital Twin Cities. Cutting-edge research will be conducted in eight different research areas, covering all aspects needed to develop the large-scale digital twin technology, and to harvest the opportunities it brings in new approaches to urban planning &amp; design, architecture and digital construction. To facilitate uptake and implementation for Sweden to spearhead the necessary digitalization of the built environment sector, a particular focus will be on knowledge transfer to industry and public actors.    <br /><br /> – It is a fantastic opportunity and very exciting. This platform will truly be able to utilise the potential of the new department with its amplitude of disciplines and areas that will co-work to solve these important issues, says Professor <a href="/en/staff/Pages/fredrik-nilsson.aspx">Fredrik Nilsson</a>, Head of Department.    <br /><div><br /></div> <div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Research Areas</h3></div> Digital Twin Cities will involve researchers from many different areas of research as well as industry partners and organisations from the civil sector, and the activities will be divided into following areas:  <br /><ul><li>Digital Twin PlatformUrban Planning and Design</li> <li>Architectural and Structural Design</li> <li>Digital Construction</li> <li>Modelling &amp; Simulation at the District Level</li> <li>Modelling and simulation at the City Level</li> <li>Visualisation &amp; Auralisation</li> <li>Data Management &amp; Integration</li></ul> <div><br />The preparations for the new competence centre have already started and Digital Twin Cities is planned to be operative in January 2020.<br /><br />Link to the <a href="">press release from VInnova</a> (in Swedish)</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img alt="Triple helix diagram featuring partner logos" src="/sv/institutioner/ace/nyheter/PublishingImages/diagram_vinnova_helix_city-02.png" style="height:470px;width:750px;margin:5px" /><br /><br /><br /></div>Mon, 24 Jun 2019 15:00:00 +0200 Tsinghua University<p><b>Professor Holger Wallbaum, and Dr. Quan Jin, from the Sustainable building research group at the Building Technology division at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden, visited the department of Building Science at the school of Architecture at Tsinghua University on June 17, 2019.</b></p>​<img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/Visit-at-Tsinghua-University_340.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="background-color:initial">In the morning, Prof. Wallbaum gave a guest lecture to the teachers and students from the school of Architecture on the topic “State of the Art on Research of the Built Environment in Europe”. He firstly presented Chalmers University of Technology, the department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, and the research profiles of the Sustainable building research group. Later, he reviewed the existing research framework for the built environment of the Horizon 2020 of the European Commission , Furthermore, he explained the new research direction of the future EU framework that will focus on &quot;Missions&quot; instead of “Challenges”. Finally, he emphasized the UN SDGs, and pointed out potential new trends and challenges for European built environment. </span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/Visit-at-Tsinghua-University-lab_340.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" />In the afternoon, Prof. Holger Wallbaum, Dr. Quan Jin, Prof. Yingxin Zhu, the deputy dean of the School of Architecture at Tsinghua University, Prof. Xianting Li, the dean of the department of Building Science, and Associate Prof. Bin Cao at the department of Building Science, had an in-depth discussion. Prof. Zhu and Prof. Li introduced the faculties, research fields and key achievements of the school of Architecture and the department of Building Science at Tsinghua University. Both sides eagerly discussed potential common interests on personnel exchange and research collaborations between the two universities in the coming future. Prof. Wallbaum also warmly invited the school of Architecture to attend the international conference of WSBE Beyond 2020 in Gothenburg in 2020 host by Chalmers. Lastly, Prof. Wallbaum and Dr. Quan Jin accompanied by associate Prof. Bin Cao visited the laboratory of indoor air pollution purification and control, the laboratory of dynamic display and visualization of air flow, the laboratory of artificial climate chamber, and the energy conservation building. Prof. Wallbaum was highly impressed by the research achievements and the laboratory infrastructure of the department of Building Science at Tsinghua. </div> <div><br /> </div> <div>More information</div> <div>Holger Wallbaum, Full Professor/Research Group Leader, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Technology, Sustainable Building​, <a href="">​​</a></div></div> Mon, 24 Jun 2019 14:00:00 +0200 that will accelerate research within mobility systems<p><b>​The development within Urban Mobility Systems is fast and the relevance for society high, considering the pace of urbanisation and digitisation in Sweden and globally. A new collaboration between ACE and Shanghai Maritime University aims to accelerate progress in the field and strengthen the possibility of applications.</b></p>​The Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Shanghai Maritime University to establish a collaboration in research and teaching. The collaboration will primarily consist of activities within the research group Urban Mobility Systems at ACE, as well as the corresponding grouping at SMU – the Plateau Cluster of Transportation Engineering. The memorandum constitutes the start of the collaboration, which will generate initiatives such as a joint virtual research lab and physical exchanges by giving employees and students on each institution the opportunity for mobility in the form of assignments and practice.     <br /><br /><div> – Shanghai Maritime University is a very exciting and strong player in Urban Mobility - a high-level research area in rapid development. We are therefore very pleased to be able to take this step towards establishing a fruitful collaboration that further strengthens our development in the area, says Fredrik Nilsson, professor and Head of Department at ACE.   <br /><br /> – China is in the forefront of adopting emerging solutions in the area of urban mobility systems. The upcoming collaboration with Shanghai Maritime University will increase the possibilities of bi-lateral research and development through frequent visits and exchanges, and more importantly, of promoting effective applications and practice in one partner to the reciprocal one, says Xiaobo Qu, professor and leader of research group Urban Mobiity Systems at ACE, Chalmers.  <br /><br />The upcoming collaboration with the Shanghai Maritime University is an activity in line with the department's work to establish and strengthen strategic partnerships.<br /></div> <br />Fri, 14 Jun 2019 10:00:00 +0200 Gridshell - What can be built using straight planar laths?<p><b>​This question was investigated in a two-day workshop in the course Digital Tools – Parametric Design (3 ECTS) for second year students at the Architecture and Engineering program. The workshop was organized by teachers and invited co-organizers, a group of architects and engineers with specialism in computational design working in academy and industry. The goal was to inspire the students to learn more about mathematics and how it can be applied in the architectural design process. The task was to build a temporary structure to be used as an exhibition space in just two days utilizing all forty students. By combining historical and modern references a timber gridshell was designed based on the concept of using asymptotic lines which was built flat and erected to 3-dimensional form. Asymptotic lines are curves on surfaces with no normal curvature, by extruding these curves in the normal direction the resulting surfaces can be unrolled straight and planar without distortion. Therefore, the design was possible to build using laths which were both straight and planar. By making a flexible slot connection the structure was built as a mechanism that allowed it to change its shape.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The entire structure was built in just two days by the students with the help of teachers and invited co-organizers. The geometrical concept allowed the laths to be made of regular birch plywood boards of 6 mm using only manually operated tools. The boundary base plates for attaching the structure, giving support and stiffness, was milled using the CNC-machine in our wood-workshop. </span><div><br /> </div> <div>The workshop was not only a successful experiment but the reception from the students was also very positive. In the student evaluation of the course Digital Tools – Parametric Design the workshop was explicitly stated as one of the best segments, and the course was given an overall score 4.8 out of 5 for the second year in the row reaching a top placement at Chalmers. Hopefully this type of exercises, combining theory and application, will inspire a new generation of architects and engineers to learn more about math and geometry and how it can be used in the design process.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Teachers: Emil Adiels &amp; Isak Näslund</div> <div> </div> <div>Co-organizers: Cecilie Brandt-Olsen (BIG Engineering), Johanna Isaksson (Buro Happold Engineering) &amp; Emil Poulsen (Core Studios Thornton Tomasetti).</div> <div> </div> <div>Videos from the workshop and the design process can be seen here: <a href=""></a></div> <div> </div> <div>Timelapse: <a href="">​​</a></div> Wed, 05 Jun 2019 10:00:00 +0200 Cloud - Master&#39;s students designing a schoolyard in Kenya<p><b>​Since it’s always around 30 degrees, the children need some shelter from the sun. The students designed and built a playground, Creativity Cloud, with space for outdoor teaching, shaded by a roof shaped as a cloud. A place where they can eat, study and have lectures, but also do creative things like performances, public speaking, play and just be with each other.</b></p><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">​A s<span>mall-scale design project​</span></h2> <p><span style="background-color:initial">During just five weeks </span>Beata Karlsson, Elsa Dorrian och Sophie Pedersen, master students in architecture,<span style="background-color:initial"> started a crowdfunding, designed, built and had an opening ceremony for a new schoolyard in Kenya, focusing on creativity and thermal comfort . </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></p> <p>– What if architecture students were able to make a change for children in the poorest regions of the world? Bea, Elsa and Sophie challenged this question and asked themselves what they could do.</p> <p> </p> <p>After a month of research and studying in both Gothenburg and Kenya, under the platform Reality Studio at Chalmers, they learned about how to work with small-scale projects, design for children and culture in a context that is extremely different from the one they are used to. With these lessons in their pocket they were able to realize an actual project in a Kenyan context. </p> <p><br /></p> <p>During their research it was vital to find out the local’s view and needs to lead the project to great result, and later on mixing it with their own ideas. In this very different setting they needed to learn about and connect with the locals, carefully listen to them and figure out how they could help them, within their profession. Their project was based in Kisumu, a city in western Kenya. </p> <p><br /></p> <p>–​ After several visits to the slums we found the Future Hope Academy, a small school in one of the city’s most impoverished areas. <span style="background-color:initial">Seeing the energy and enthusiasm of the kids and teachers made us realize this was the right place. Last year students from Chalmers constructed a durable and successful school building, and we wanted to keep this great collaboration going on. </span><span style="background-color:initial">A slum school faces many difficulties and challenges. In a place like this it’s not possible to try and solve a problem when you don’t see it, we needed to be there every day to face the problems. One of the main problems in slums is that there’s a lack of spaces designed for kids; they are not prioritized. That’s why we wanted to give them a space where they can freely and safely be what they are: kids</span><span style="background-color:initial">, say the students</span><span style="background-color:initial">. </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></p> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">So what do kids need in Kisumu? </h2> <p>Since it’s always around 30 degrees, they need some shelter from the sun. The classrooms are extremely hot during daytime since there’s no ventilation, the roof is made of metal sheets, and there’s just so many kids stuffed in such a small space! </p> <p><br /></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">–​ </span>Can you imagine how hard it is to focus on school when sitting in this scorching heat?  <span style="background-color:initial">We designed and built a playground, with space for outdoor teaching, shaded by a roof shaped as a cloud. It doesn’t have walls, to maximize cross ventilation, but also to create an open space that welcomes everyone. A place where they can eat, study and have lectures, but also do creative things like performances, public speaking, play and just be with each other. Furthermore, this have been an amazing experience and we learned about the importance of connect to the locals and being close to the problem while building in a context where there is no electricity or freshwater. </span><span style="background-color:initial">We wanted to give the children of the Future Hope Academy an open creative space with thermal comfort, daylight and flexibility </span><span style="background-color:initial">– a cloud for creativity! </span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></p> <p><span style="background-color:initial">–​ </span><span style="background-color:initial">Hopefully this small change will plant a seed that inspires and develops the area in the future, that is what these amazing kids deserve!​</span></p>Tue, 14 May 2019 16:00:00 +0200 Zboinska will exhibit architectural research prototypes at the Tempe Center for The Arts in the USA<p><b>​Malgorzata Zboinska, PhD, is a researcher at the Division of Architectural Theory and Methods at Chalmers ACE. Her exhibition is featured at the Arts Track of the prestigious 13th International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction TEI2019, taking place March 17-20 in Tempe, Arizona, USA. The research underlying architectural prototype development is also disseminated through a conference article, published in ACM Proceedings (the Association for Computing Machinery).</b></p>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/ArchitecturalFeatures340.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="background-color:initial">The exhibition will feature two interactive architectural objects: the <em>Pliant Flesh of Architecture</em> and the <em>Soft Architectural Body</em>. The prototypes are an architectural research speculation on the possible future of living within Interactive Architectural interiors. Such interiors feature pervasive technologies that listen and react and that are embedded within the physical substance of architecture. </span><div><br /><span style="background-color:initial"></span><div>With connected, data-gathering Interactive Architecture we could be able to build smart, reactive living, working and healthcare environments of tomorrow. These would change their sizes depending on the number of users, prepare buildings for upcoming activities such as the homecomings of inhabitants, enhance wellbeing by offering opportunities of multisensory stress reduction, or help us shut out the outer presence through changes in spatial enfoldments. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Regardless of the actual need, wish or disapproval for such a future, it seems important to explore how it could look and feel like, to gain fundamental knowledge useful in the future research and practice of architectural design combining art with cutting-edge technologies. This is especially important today, in the era of ubiquitous computing and digitalization.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div style="text-align:right"><div><em>Combining non-standard architectural geometry, </em><em style="background-color:initial">unconventional </em></div> <div><em style="background-color:initial">materials, original texture and coloration</em><em style="background-color:initial">in one design</em><em style="background-color:initial">with the goal </em></div> <div><em style="background-color:initial">of triggering haptic interaction</em><em style="background-color:initial">with the architectural object’s physicality </em></div> <div><em style="background-color:initial"></em><em style="background-color:initial">(the Pliant Flesh </em><em style="background-color:initial">of Architecture prototype)</em></div></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Therefore, in this architectural research exploration, our research team seeks to challenge the notion of an interactive architectural surface as a flat, two-dimensional interface. Instead, we propose the notion of Interactive Voluminous Substance, which moves the interaction experience into four dimensions, shifting it from superficial far-field interaction to a near-field, tactile one. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>If the future architectural interiors and exteriors are made from the Voluminous Architectural Substance, how would it be to dwell with them? The two physical prototypes serve as speculative research objects probing this question at a fundamental research level, focusing on the aspects of visuo-tactile sensations of architectural interaction.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The design research team for the prototypes comprised Malgorzata Zboinska (architectural design, Chalmers), Delia Dumitrescu (prof, PhD, smart textiles and materials design, University of Borås) and Hanna Landin (PhD, interaction design, University of Borås). </div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/HapticFeedbackSystem340.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Programming and mechatronic hardware prototyping was done at RISE Interactive Gothenburg and at KTH Architecture.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The molds for casting the prototype shells and bodies were fabricated at the Robot Lab at Chalmers ACE, using an industrial robot arm KUKA 150. The robotic fabrication team consisted of Karin Hedlund (architect, Artistic Instructor at ACE and research assistant for the Architectural Convertibles research project) and Malgorzata Zboinska. </div> <div>The structures for mounting and presenting the objects were crafted manually and digitally at the Architecture Workshop at Chalmers ACE by Tabita Nilsson (Architecture Workshop representative and Lecturer at ACE).</div> <div style="text-align:right"><em> </em><span style="background-color:initial"><em>The Pliant Flesh of Architecture prototype with its </em></span></div> <div style="text-align:right"><span style="background-color:initial"><em>mechatronic </em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>s</em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>ystem for haptic sensing and actuation</em></span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/RoboticFabrication_ACE-RobotLab2_750.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><em style="background-color:initial">Malgorzata Zboinska and Karin Hedlund running the mold fabrication process using an industrial robot arm KUKA150 at ACE Robot Lab</em><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>***</div> <div>The exhibited prototypes form the result of fundamental Artistic Research in the project <em>Architectural Convertibles: Towards an Alternative Artistic Approach to Designing Interactive Architectural Environments</em>. Malgorzata Zboinska, PhD, is leading this large project, funded by the Swedish Research Council Vetenskapsrådet (VR) with nearly 5 mln kr in years 2016-2019 and hosted at Chalmers ACE. The VR funding supports Malgorzata Zboinska in the establishment as an Artistic Research leader and in building a strong Swedish research network around the subject of Digital and Interactive Architecture Design. 15 Swedish scholars are involved in the project, from academic institutions including Chalmers ACE, the Swedish School of Textiles (University of Borås), RISE Interactive Institutes of Sweden (Gothenburg), KTH and Konstfack University of Arts, Crafts and Design. That team also includes 6 colleagues from the Division of Architectural Theory and Methods at ACE. </div> <div><a href="/en/projects/Pages/Architectural-Convertibles.aspx"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/ACE/nyheter/2019/MalgorzataZboinska340.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />More about the project Architectural Convertibles​ &gt;&gt;</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><em>Malgorzata Zboinska, PhD, researcher at Chalmers ACE and leader of Architectural Convertibles</em></div> </div>Fri, 08 Mar 2019 15:00:00 +0100 do you make movies about structures?<p><b>Emil Adiels is a researcher and lecturer and a part of the Architecture and Engineering Research Group at ACE, interviewed by Princeton University. His research focus is gravitational structures and masonry with respect to geometry, structural mechanics and production methods. What fewer people know is that Emil is also an amazing movie maker.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">– The reason that I started is due to a project which aim is to describe the historical development of skills and knowledge related to the progression in the design of masonry structures, says Emil Adiels. These skills and knowledges include geometry, structural theory, production methods, material development and design tools. Obviously much inspired by the book Building: 3,000 Years of Design, Engineering, and Construction by Bill Addis. In addition to that we also wanted to describe the architectural aspiration and qualities of these spaces such as materiality, spaciousness and light, which we found hard to communicate fully using still pictures and text. During an Interrail vacation in Spain and France I decided to bring my equipment and try filming instead, and when I looked at the footage, I noticed so many added layers compared to stills. </span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The interview can be found at the blog containing the research, thoughts and design philosophy of the <em>Form Finding Lab</em>, led by Prof. Sigrid Adriaenssens at Princeton University. ​​<br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="">Read the interview at Form Finding Lab blog &gt;&gt;</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>More information</div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/emilad.aspx">Emil Adiels</a>, Chalmers University of Technology, <span style="background-color:initial">Architecture and Civil Engineering, Architectural Theory and Methods, Architecture and Engineering Research Group,</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><a href="">​</a><span style="background-color:initial">​</span></div> <span></span><div></div>Fri, 08 Mar 2019 11:00:00 +0100