News: Communication and Learning in Sciencehttp://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterNews related to Chalmers University of TechnologyThu, 16 Apr 2020 08:36:17 +0200http://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/Films-from-Creating-a-well-functioning-international-learning-environment-on-campus.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/Films-from-Creating-a-well-functioning-international-learning-environment-on-campus.aspxFilms from CLS seminar day &quot;Creating a well-functioning international learning environment on campus<p><b>Thanks to all those presented and attended the CLS seminar day Feb 4-5 2020.  In particular, thanks to our fantastic keynote speakers, Helen Spencer-Oatey, Jan Van Maele and Natalie Jellinek, for the thought-provoking presentations which can be seen in the films below. Thanks also to Helen and Jan for an inspiring workshop the following day.​</b></p>Click on the links to watch the keynote speakers presentations:​​<div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://play.chalmers.se/media/Helen+Spencer-Oatey.mp4/0_3rk246xj" target="_blank"><span style="background-color:initial">Helen Spencer-Oatey, University of Warwick: &quot;</span><span style="background-color:initial">Interaction and integration in multicultural classes&quot;</span></a><div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><a href="https://play.chalmers.se/media/Jan+Van+Maele/0_54bygtwa" target="_blank"><span style="background-color:initial">Jan Van Maele, KU Leuven: &quot;</span><span style="background-color:initial">Developing intercultural communicative competence in engineering programs&quot;</span></a><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><a href="https://play.chalmers.se/media/Natalie+Jellinek/0_uga9dj6y" target="_blank"><span style="background-color:initial">Natalie Jellinek, Swedish University of Agricultural</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial">Sciences SLU/Karolinska: &quot;</span></a><span style="font-size:14px"><a href="https://play.chalmers.se/media/Natalie+Jellinek/0_uga9dj6y" target="_blank">A Swedish view on internationalization of the curriculum – experiences from SLU and Karolinska institutet&quot;</a></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/CLS%20bilder/Group%20picture%20workshop_small.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /><br /></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><span></span><em>In the picture​: Becky Bergman, Helen Spencer-Oatey, </em></span><em style="background-color:initial">Natalie Jellinek, </em><em style="background-color:initial">Jan Van Maele </em></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="font-size:14px"><a href="http://www.chalmers.se/insidan/SV/aktuellt/kalendarium/arkiv-kalendarium/creating-well/downloadFile/attachment/keynote_cls_seminar.pdf?nocache=1575875762.27" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about the keynote speakers</a></span></div></div>Tue, 14 Apr 2020 13:45:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/HUGO-handles-the-last-mile-delivery.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/HUGO-handles-the-last-mile-delivery.aspxHUGO handles the last mile delivery...<p><b>​This spring, the small robot HUGO will be delivering packages on campus Johanneberg of Chalmers University of Technology. The project Climate Neutral Urban Logistics is a collaboration between several partners to test and evaluate new, autonomous solutions for delivering goods in cities.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Freight transport is expected to increase drastically in the coming decades. An increase of up to 130 percent is expected during the period 2010 to 2050 in OECD countries, and in countries outside the OECD, predictions show increases of up to 550 percent. This implies fundamental changes in the logistics industry, especially when it comes to the so called last mile delivery - when goods are delivered to the end customer. This is usually the most expensive and environmentally harmful part of the entire chain.</span><div><br /></div> <div>“By increasing the number of autonomous delivery robots on a large scale, we believe that the negative environmental impact can be reduced, says Sara Berge, Vice President of HUGO Delivery, who leads the project. “There is a need for research on robotic logistics in urban environments and we believe that the result may lead to a new ecosystem for logistics that offers faster, cheaper, cleaner, safer and more customized delivery methods.”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In addition to testing and developing a ground-based, automated delivery system on campus, the project aims to generate new knowledge about how urban logistics affect the environment and how the transition to autonomous solutions affects society and infrastructure in general. Through interviews and focus groups with users and people who come into contact with the robot, the degree of social acceptance for these new solutions will be measured.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>A broad range of partners, including product developers, researchers, property owners and the city's traffic office, are participating in the project. It is also a part of Chalmers University of Technology's ambition, through the Five Star Campus initiative, to create an attractive and experimental campus environment that highlights cutting edge research and innovation.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“People moving around on campus are already used to the innovative environment. There are for example several energy projects in progress and we have previously had a self-driving bus circulating in the area. The Climate Neutral Urban Logistics project is fully in line with the campus we want to create, and the robot is really something that will attract attention,” says Per Sunnergren at Johanneberg Science Park, who runs the Five Star Campus initiative together with Chalmers University of Technology.</div> <div><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Climate Neutral Urban Logistics</h2> <div><span style="background-color:initial">T</span><span style="background-color:initial">he developer of the robots, as well as project leader, is the startup company HUGO. Other partners are Chalmers University of Technology, Chalmersfastigheter, the School of Business, Ekonomics and Law at the University of Gothenburg, Johanneberg Science Park, Ernst Rosén, HSB Gothenburg, Akademiska Hus and the City of Gothenburg’s Traffic Office. The project has received support within the strategic innovation program Viable Cities, which is financed by Vinnova, the Swedish Energy Agency and Formas. It has a total budget of 5.5 m</span><span style="background-color:initial">illion and runs from November 2019 until May 2021.</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://www.hugodelivery.com/" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />More information about HUGO Delivery</a></div> <div><a href="/en/about-chalmers/campus-and-premises/five-star-campus/Pages/fivestarcampus.aspx" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />More information about Five Star Campus</a></div> <div>​<br /></div> Thu, 12 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/augmented-authenticity-at-the-aha!-festival.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/augmented-authenticity-at-the-aha!-festival.aspxAugmented authenticity this years&#39; theme at the AHA! festival<p><b>​​What does is mean to be human?If we strengthen the things that make us human, do we become even more humans? These issues and many others are raised and discussed when science and art meet at this year&#39;s AHA! festival November 12-14.</b></p><div>​<span style="font-size:14px"><span style="background-color:initial">“&quot;This is wrong! Women didn't sing those songs in the Middle Ages!” Somewhere in that criticism, our discussion around this year's theme began about whether something is authentic or not”, says Michael Eriksson, one of two project managers for the AHA! festival.</span></span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Those who were criticized for being wrong were the group Trio Medieval, a music group with three women. The group plays medieval songs, and one of the members participated in the 2018 AHA! festival. The critics said that it was not authentic medieval music if it did not follow the frameworks and rules that existed in the Middle Ages.</span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“But how do we know that? What is real medieval music? From there we drew a parallel to the authenticity of photography - how many are processed? Of course, it can be good to process a photo, but it can also mean that things in the photo are removed, and then we’ve created fake news,” Michael Eriksson continues.</span></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>What does it mean to be human?</span></h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span style="color:rgb(51, 51, 51);font-size:14px;font-weight:300;background-color:initial">T</span><span style="color:rgb(51, 51, 51);font-size:14px;font-weight:300;background-color:initial">he discussions within the project group continued, ending up in what will be the theme of the sixth AHA! Festival: &quot;Augmented authenticity&quot;. The theme should be interpreted broadly, but basically it addresses what it means to be human. The theme ranges from questions about when the Nobel Prize will be awarded to an artificial intelligence, to whether strengthening our senses and physical possibilities makes  us even more human.</span> </h3> <div> </div> <div><div><span style="background-color:initial">“I play a lot of guitar, and if I get a new artificial arm I might be able to play even faster - but what does such a thing do  to one's existence?” says Peter Christensson, associate professor at the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, and the other one of the two project leaders.</span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The ambition of the AHA! festival is to serve as a meeting place between art and science. Among the seven people in the project group there are representatives from Chalmers researchers and  operational support as well as a librarian from the  Chalmers library.</span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“With the AHA! festival we want to approach big questions in a playful and curious way. The aim is to create a festival with a range and format that attracts new meetings across different disciplines”, says Sanna Dahlman, artistic teacher at the Division of Design &amp; Human Factors at the Department of Industrial and Materials Science.</span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The participants in the festival are a wide mix of researchers and artists in different fields. The reason that it is called a festival is to clarify that it, for example, is not a conference - the purpose is to serve as a trigger for thoughts and ideas.</span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“The meeting between science and art is important to broaden views and provide new perspectives for all of us in today's increasingly high-tech world”, says Sanna Dahlman.</span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The AH</span><span style="background-color:initial">A! festival today has more than 30 different seminars, workshops and events, but </span><span style="background-color:initial">it started  on a much smaller scale more than ten years ago, then as an annual poetry evening for architecture students.</span></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“We thought the students were a little too nar</span><span style="background-color:initial">row in the way they perceived things, says </span><span style="background-color:initial">Peter Christensson. “So we invited poets, and it lasted for ten years.”</span></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Strengtens the identity</h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span style="color:rgb(51, 51, 51);font-size:14px;font-weight:300;background-color:initial">W</span><span style="color:rgb(51, 51, 51);font-size:14px;font-weight:300;background-color:initial">hen the poetry evenings ended, the organizers instead went on to start an open festival with an annual theme. Today, about half of Chalmers’ departments participate in different ways, but participation is often done on individual basis. The project group's ambition is to widen the festival to become a matter for the whole of Chalmers. They emphasize that Chalmers is a great academy with incredible potential, and that the artistic potential is not always used.</span> </h3> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“The festival is a way we can go to strengthen that identity”, says Michael Eriksson. “It also serves as a form of utilization, a way where you can meet an audience that is outside your research field, and it supports broader recruitment by providing an image of Chalmers that is beyond the classic image of the Chalmers cortege and the new students initiation week (nollning).”</span></div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span>About the AHA! festival 12-14 November 2019</span></h2> <div> </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">An annual three day festival where science meets art. The theme for this years’ festival is “augmented authenticity”. The festival is free of charge and open for everyone.</span><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><span style="font-size:14px">All the information about the festival can be found at <a href="http://www.ahafestival.se/">www.ahafestival.se</a> </span></div></div>Tue, 05 Nov 2019 01:10:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/Chalmers-first-out-with-a-new-unique-library-system.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/Chalmers-first-out-with-a-new-unique-library-system.aspxChalmers first in the world with a new unique library system<p><b>​​The development from printed media to electronic media has gone in staggering speed, and the changes forces the libraries to think in new and different ways.Old systems and methods need to be replaced, and among the libraries that are at the forefront of the development towards the future is Chalmers Library.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The library systems available in the market for managing the resources of the libraries are often very large, and as a user of them you tend to buy whole system packages. One gets the functions one needs, but one also pays for other functions that one doesn’t use.</span><div><span style="background-color:initial">The </span><span style="background-color:initial">reasons for</span><span style="background-color:initial"> swi</span><span style="background-color:initial">tching to a new system is that it adapts to the present needs of the libraries, and that it’s technology follows the resent och future developments. In Chalmers' case, it is about managing both the electronic resources and the printed materials that are in the library's collections on the same platform.</span></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Developed in open source</span></h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Chalmers new library system is called FOLIO - <em>the Future Of Libraries Is Open</em> - and is developed in open source. The development work is completely transparent and anyone who wants to can follow the process or participate actively. Behind the development of the system are a number of stakeholders gathered under the umbrella organisation Open Library Foundation, which owns and manages the software.</span><div>FOLIO is run by members of an international forum, the FOLIO Community, with interest groups from nearly 30 library organizations and a number of IT companies with library knowledge. Together, they develop specifications and functionality.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">–</span> Within the interest groups there are librarians who are experts in their fields, UX designers, product owners, IT developers, a product council and future system users who all work together to determine in which direction the system is to be developed. Right now, great focus is on what Chalmers needs, because we will be the first library to go live with FOLIO, says Lisa Sjögren.</div> <div>She is a librarian at the Chalmers Library, and for a little more than a year she has been a part of the team that is involved in developing FOLIO.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">–</span> In this context, we are a library with few transactions, which need a minimum of functions. But what we need right now is what everyone needs to have eventually. Given our size, we have an incredibly large role right now.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Chalmers in the spotlight</span></h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial">So how did a relatively small library like Chalmers end up in the spotlight for a project that has set it’s goal to basically change how a library system can be structured and look like? It began in 2016 when the management of Chalmers Library decided that a system review should be made. A switch from the existing library system was seen as a necessity for several reasons. One of the biggest was that one of the systems that the library used had stopped developing, another was that the traditional system was unnecessarily large and that the library paid for functionality that they didn’t used.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">–</span> At this time, we were also interested in open source solutions, but we did not want to spend time and money on running and supporting a new system ourselves. We also wanted to be able to follow the development that makes it easier and more fun to find information resources with the help of so called “linked data”. The library system must therefore be able to handle the new technical formats and be prepared to incorporate new solutions that we may not even know of today. In addition, we wanted a more seamless experience for our users, says Marie Widigson, librarian and one of those who did the preparatory work for what would become a system change.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Unique collaboration</span></h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial">When the holidays were about to kick off in the summer of 2017, Chalmers Library was contacted by EBSCO, an international IT company in the library industry. They asked if Chalmers Library would like to become beta partners in the development of the completely new library system FOLIO. Chalmers would be the first to go live with FOLIO where operations and support are delivered by EBSCO.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">–</span> When we got the offer, we had a discussion in the department management group about which way we should chose to go, says Marie Wenander, head of the division of Information Resources at the library. We could choose to go with something completed and safe and with suit that would be too large, or we could take the opportunity to be involved and create something new and be able to influence based on our conditions and our needs. The management group, together with the employees, quite quickly decided that the possibility of being involved in developing something new was too attractive not to take the chance.</div> <div>Two factors were ultimately crucial for the choice to enter the project: That FOLIO is open source, and that there is a forum to collaborate and network within.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Many benefits</span></h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial">After two years of preparation and development work, FOLIO is soon ready to be launched. Chalmers Library plans to do this in the autumn of 2019, and will then become the first library in the world to use the system.</span></div> <div>FOLIO will be a major change behind the scenes, but it will lead to minor changes for those who use the library as the search possibilities on the library's website will be the same.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">–</span> The functionality that is most important to us at Chalmers will be there when we go live, and we have confidence that the focus and resources will be on solving any problems. Everyone wants us to be satisfied, to make sure we will be good ambassadors for the new system, says Marie Widigson.</div> <div>Marie Wenander, head of division of Information Resources, sees several advantages with Chalmers Library entering the work with FOLIO, including the benefit of being part of a large international network that hopefully will also eventually be supplemented by Swedish colleagues. She also highlights many of the challenges it involves working with an international company and as part of the FOLIO international forum.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">–</span> There are different time zones, different cultures and needs, and different schedules when you want things ready. We must be chameleons and adapt to different contexts. This is competence development in its best and most exciting form. We have also had reason to think about our workflows so that we do the right things the right way, which is always useful. There is an economic side where we will eventually reduce our total system costs, which is of course an important factor, but it feels like we are winning so much more than money, she says.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"><span>About FOLIO</span></h2> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The basic structure of FOLIO is a platform system with various apps that communicate with each other. There are apps for basic functions such as lending and returning books, but also apps with specialized features to manage e-resources from different database providers. As a user of the system it is possible to choose which functionality you need.</span></div> <div>FOLIO is developed and built in open source, which allows users to develop their own parts for the system. The development takes place in an international forum, FOLIO Community, with specialists from both libraries and IT companies.</div> <div>Chalmers Library and two US university libraries are beta partners with the library system provider EBSCO, which offers operation and support service.</div> <div>During the autumn of 2019, Chalmers library will be the first library in the world to use FOLIO as it’s system.</div> <div>If you are curious about FOLIO then you can read more at <a href="http://www.folio.org/" target="_blank">www.folio.org</a>.</div> <div>If you want to know more about FOLIO at Chalmers, we recommend the library's blog. A good introduction is <a href="https://blog.lib.chalmers.se/2019/02/18/curious-about-folio/" target="_blank">blog.lib.chalmers.se/2019/02/18/curious-about-folio/</a></div> <div><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2" style="font-family:&quot;open sans&quot;, sans-serif">Contact</h2> <div><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/ellen-aberg.aspx">Ellen Åberg</a>, project coordinator, Chalmers Library<br /><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/marie-wenander.aspx" target="_blank">Marie Wenander</a>, head of Division of Information Resources, Chalmers Library</div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Text:</strong> Robert Karlsson. <strong>Photo:</strong> Ellen Åberg.</div> </div>Mon, 15 Jul 2019 03:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/gender-equality-at-Chalmers.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/Pages/gender-equality-at-Chalmers.aspx“If you care about gender equality at Chalmers, come!”<p><b>​Liisa Husu, expert in studies of gender equality in academia, gives a guest lecture on 27 February. “She will doubtless bring new insights”, says Pernilla Wittung Stafshede.</b></p><strong>​<img src="http://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/energy/news/PublishingImages/liisa_husu_W.jpg" alt="Liisa Husu, Photo: Ulla-Carin Ekblom" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" style="margin:5px" /></strong><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Liisa Husu is one of the pioneers </strong>in the study of gender equality in academia. She has focused particularly on gender dynamics and inequality in scientific careers and organizations, and in science policy. Liisa Husu is Professor of Gender Studies at Örebro University.</span><div><br /></div> <div><strong>On 27 February, she visits Chalmers</strong> for a guest lecture on gender challenges in academic careers and organizations. The seminar is intended for all Chalmers employees, particularly for graduate students, postdocs and faculty. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“She will doubtless bring new insights. I hope the audience will get a better understanding of gender challenges in academia and learn more scientific facts about it. Maybe the seminar will be an eye-opener for some. I personally hope we will get suggestions for how to approach this issue at Chalmers,” says Pernilla Wittung Stafshede, leader of Genie, Chalmers gender initiative for excellence.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>“Liisa Husu’s expertise in gender equality</strong> in higher education and her international experience and contacts led us to ask her to join Genie’s advisory board. Now, we want to make her knowledge available to the whole of Chalmers in a lecture that is open to all,” says Pernilla Wittung Stafshede.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Liisa Husu does research on topics such as gender paradoxes in changing academic and scientific organization. Her perspective is that of a highly experienced researcher in gender equality in science. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Liisa Husu has done extensive work</strong> as adviser to universities, funding agencies and governments. She was the national coordinator of women’s studies and senior adviser in the Finnish gender equality machinery, Council for Equality between Women and Men and Equality Ombudsman’s Office, at the Prime Minister’s office in her native Finland. She was also a member of the Swedish Ministry of Education advisory group on gender in European research policy in 2017, and is the moderator of the European Network on Gender Equality in Higher Education. </div> <div> </div> <div>“If you care about gender equality at Chalmers, come! I hope every head of department will attend the seminar and bring their faculty and students with them”, concludes Pernilla Wittung Stafshede. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>The seminar takes place in Palmstedtsalen,</strong> Campus Johanneberg on 27 February at 13:15. It is hosted by Genie together with Chalmers Energy and Transport Areas of Advance. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/Transport/calendar/Pages/Gender-challenges-in-academic-careers-and-organisations.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about the seminar and register &gt;&gt;</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div>By:  <span style="background-color:initial">E</span><span style="background-color:initial">milia Lundgren</span><span style="background-color:initial"> and Ann-Christine Nordin<br />Photo Liisa Husu: Ulla-Karin Ekblom</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><br /></div>Thu, 31 Jan 2019 09:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/Report-on-Aviation-Climate-Impact-Most-Downloaded-Publication.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/Report-on-Aviation-Climate-Impact-Most-Downloaded-Publication.aspxReport on aviation climate impact most downloaded publication<p><b>​With more than 400 unique downloads, the report ”Klimatpåverkan från svenska befolkningens internationella flygresor” (&quot;Climate Impact of the Swedish Population&#39;s International air Travelling&quot;) from 2016 was the most downloaded publication from research.chalmers.se in the last year.&quot;It feels meaningful and great that our research is being requested by many people,&quot; says Jörgen Larsson, assistant professor at the Department of Space, Earth and Environment and one of the authors of the report.​</b></p>​<span lang="EN" style="background-color:initial">The climate impact of commercial aviation has been a major environmental issue for several years, but historically there have been no reliable measurements of the actual impact of our international air travelling. </span><span title="De metoder som har använts för att mäta den påverkan som svenskarna gör med sina flygresor har utgått från hur mycket bränsle som tankas i Sverige." style="background-color:initial">The methods used to measure the environmental impact of Swedes’ air travels have been based on how much fuel that is being fueled in Sweden. </span><span title="Om en person till exempel ska resa från Landvetter till USA och mellanlandar i Amsterdam, så mäts i så fall bara utsläppen mellan Sverige och Nederländerna.&#13;&#10;" style="background-color:initial">For example, if a person is to travel from Gothenburg to the US with a stop in Amsterdam, only the emissions between Sweden and the Netherlands will be measured.</span><div><span lang="EN" style="background-color:initial"><br />&quot;What me and my colleagues at Chalmers and KTH did was to develop a method that measures the entire emission to the final destination,&quot; says Jörgen Larsson. </span><span title="På det sättet får vi fram hela bilden av svenskarnas utsläpp." style="background-color:initial">&quot;That way we get the whole picture of Swedes' emissions. </span><span title="Metoden visar att den svenska befolkningens flygande orsakar lika stora växthusgasutsläpp som biltrafiken i Sverige.&#13;&#10;" style="background-color:initial">The method shows that the Swedish population's travelling by air causes the same greenhouse gas emissions as car traffic in Sweden.&quot;</span><div><h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span lang="EN">Accusations of unscientific research </span></h3> <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN">But pointing out a big industry like commercial aviation as a major polluter isn't somehing that will be done in silence. </span><span title="Branschorganet Svenskt flyg gick i taket, och anklagade Jörgen Larsson och hans kollegor för att bedriva ovetenskaplig forskning.">The Swedish aviation sector accused Jörgen Larsson and his colleagues of conducting unscientific research. </span><span title="Det gick så pass långt att rektorerna på Chalmers och KTH skrev en gemensam debattartikel där de manade till hyfs i debatten om flyget och klimatet, och på ett möte våren 2018 träffade forskarna representanter från Svenskt flyg för att rensa luften.">It went to the point where the presidents at Chalmers and KTH wrote a joint debate article where they called for better manners in the debate about the aviation industry and it’s environmental effects. At a meeting in spring 2018, the researchers met representatives from the industry to clear the air. </span><span title="I dag har forskarna inlett ett samarbete med Swedavia, som äger och driver bland annat Arlanda och Landvetter, och de har fått tillgång till stora mängder data som de kan använda i den fortsatta forskningen.&#13;&#10;">Today, the researchers have initiated cooperation with Swedavia which owns and operates Arlanda and Landvetter, among other airports, and has gained access to large amounts of data that they can use in the ongoing research.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN" style="background-color:initial">Not only the aviation sector has paid attention to the report. </span><span title="Fortfarande drygt två år efter att den publicerades blir Jörgen Larsson kontaktad ett antal gånger i månaden av både privatpersoner och organisationer som vill prata om rapporten eller intervjua honom.&#13;&#10;" style="background-color:initial">Still more than two years after it was published, Jörgen Larsson is contacted several times a month by individuals and organizations who want to talk about the report or interview him.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN" style="background-color:initial">&quot;In those situations it's important to be careful with what one says. </span><span title="I vissa intervjuer vill de gärna att man ska säga ”sluta att flyga”, men det kan även vara andra organisationer med helt andra ingångar som hör av sig." style="background-color:initial">In some interviews they would like me to say &quot;stop flying&quot;, but there are also other organizations with different agendas. </span><span title="Som forskare har man status och auktoritet, och det gäller att inte bli utnyttjad av någon sida i debatten.&#13;&#10;" style="background-color:initial">As a researcher, you have status and authority, and one have to be careful so that one doesn’t get used by any side in the debate.”</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN" style="background-color:initial">Jö</span><span lang="EN" style="background-color:initial">rgen Larsson and his colleague's ambition is to broaden the perspectives. </span><span title="Den debatt som har förts om styrmedel för flyget har ofta rört passagerarskatten, och Jörgen Larsson menar att det är vettigt att även diskutera andra kompletterande styrmedel." style="background-color:initial">The debate about the control of the aviation industry has often been centered on passenger taxes, and Jörgen Larsson thinks that we also need to discuss other additional instruments. </span><span title="Han tycker att det är slående vilken brist på handlingsberedskap det finns, både vad det gäller internationella och nationella styrmedel.&#13;&#10;" style="background-color:initial">He thinks there is a striking lack of action preparedness, both in terms of international and national instruments.</span></p> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span lang="EN">&quot;A sharp increase in emissions&quot;</span></h3> <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN">&quot;The aviation area is a sector with a sharp increase in emissions. </span><span title="Ändå är styrmedlen supersvaga i jämförelse med vad som behövs, och även insatser som skulle minska utsläppen bara lite grann möts med jätteprotester.">Nevertheless, the controls are super weak in comparison to what is needed, and even efforts that would reduce emissions just a little bit are met with protests. </span><span title="Många vill minska klimatpåverkningarna, men när det närmar sig deras egen dörr så blir det motstånd.">A lot of people want to reduce our impact on the climate, but when it gets to close to their reality they become resistant. For me personally, it feels meaningful to conduct this research. </span><span title="Om det finns en vilja att prioritera frågan i framtiden, så är det viktigt att kunskapen finns hos oss forskare.&#13;&#10;">If there is a will to prioritize this issue in the future, it is important that researchers have the knowledge.”</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN" style="background-color:initial">Kristina Graner is a librarian at the Department of Communication and Learning in Science, and works with Open Access publishing. </span><span title="Hon är inte förvånad att just Jörgens Larssons rapport har fått osedvanligt höga nedladdningssiffror det senaste året.&#13;&#10;" style="background-color:initial">She is not surprised that Jörgens Larsson's report has been downloaded that many times in the past year.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN" style="background-color:initial">&quot;Last year, there was a publication about textiles' life-cycle analysis that was the most downloaded, and it was also very accurate in time,&quot; she says. </span><span title="En slutsats som man kan dra är att det krävs nog att det är något som lite fler människor kan förstå och relatera till, och det var mer så med den här publikationen än vad det är med många andra publikationer som ges ut på Chalmers." style="background-color:initial">“One conclusion that one can make is that the publication needs to have something that people can understand and relate to, and that was more the case with this publication than with many other publications published at Chalmers. </span><span title="Samtidigt är den här rapporten skriven på svenska, vilket gör att den bara är tillgänglig för en begränsad publik.&#13;&#10;" style="background-color:initial">But one also needs to remember that this report is written in Swedish, thus making it available to a limited audience only.”</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span title="Samtidigt är den här rapporten skriven på svenska, vilket gör att den bara är tillgänglig för en begränsad publik.&#13;&#10;"></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span class="shorttext"><b><span lang="EN"><br /></span></b></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"></p> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5"><span><span lang="EN">Publications with the most unique downloads from</span></span><span lang="EN"> </span>research.chalmers.se 2016-2018</h5> <div> <span lang="EN-US">2018 </span><a href="https://research.chalmers.se/publication/240574">”Klimatpåverkan från svenska befolkningens internationella flygresor&quot;</a></div> <div><span lang="EN-US"> 2017 </span><a href="https://research.chalmers.se/publication/246361"><span lang="EN-US">”</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.5pt;line-height:107%;background-image:initial;background-position:initial;background-size:initial;background-repeat:initial;background-attachment:initial;background-origin:initial;background-clip:initial">Advancing life cycle assessment of textile products to include textile chemicals. Inventory data and toxicity impact assessment</span><span lang="EN-US">”</span></a></div> <div><span lang="EN-US"> 2016 </span><a href="https://research.chalmers.se/publication/201129">&quot;Game intelligence in team sports&quot;​</a><span lang="EN-US"></span></div> <p></p> </div></div>Thu, 25 Oct 2018 10:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/New-PhD-Course-in-Research-Ethics.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/New-PhD-Course-in-Research-Ethics.aspxNew PhD Course in Research Ethics<p><b>​This autumn, the PhD course &quot;Research Ethics in Science and Technology&quot; will be Chalmers’ first course for PhD students in the field of research ethics. Based on their own research, the doctoral students will highlight research ethical issues that are relevant to them.We asked course leader Petra Andersson, philosophy researcher, six questions about the course.</b></p>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/CLS%20bilder/ethics-2991600_375.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><b style="background-color:initial"><span lang="EN">What is research ethics?<br /></span></b><span style="background-color:initial">“Research ethics are all the ethical issues relating to research, both within the academy and in relation to the public, and between researchers and financiers and, of course, the relationship between researchers and what their research is about - especially when these are humans or animals. Research is an important power factor in society, and with power follows responsibility. Therefore, research ethics are important.”</span><p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN"><b><br />Why do you think a doctoral student should attend this course?<br /></b>“To learn to identify ethical problems that are relevant to their own research and to the research area in which the doctoral student works.”<br /><b><br />How will doctoral students be able to use their knowledge from the course in their daily work?<br /></b>”They will develop an enhanced ability to identify ethical problems, identifying situations, not just facts, but also values ​​that are relevant, which is more often than we think within the academy. They will find that values ​​affect more of our different decisions and actions – even within the knowledge- and fact-intensive everyday life of scientific work – than we believe.”<br /><b><br />Which questions will be addressed in the course?<br /></b>“Within technology research, questions arise about problems that may arise around or because of the product or the object of the research. Can the result be used destructively? Can the processes be used destructively? Key issues within the academy are of course about plagiarism, for example, about senior researchers who use student’s work as if they were their own. An interesting ethical question is how we do when we disagree with method selection or analysis. Not least, if the disagreement is simultaneously influenced by an academic grade, for example, if a doctoral student is skeptical about his or her supervisor's choice of method.”<br /><b><br />Ethical research questions can vary between different research areas - how do you handle such differences in inputs to the subject in this course?<br /></b>“The PhD students all work with their own research as the basis, and they are tasked with finding articles that highlight research ethical issues that are relevant in their own research. I assist in dealing with the ethical principles and concepts, while the PhD students independently work together to apply these principles and concepts based on their own knowledge of their own field of research.”<br /><b><br />What are the important future challenges regarding research ethics?<br /></b>“Within technology, it is to solve imminent environmental problems, preferably without causing new ones. But I also believe that we need to be much better at seeing how social science research and technology research needs to interact with each other, and I think we have a lot to work to do with understanding each other over the disciplinary boundaries. It is something that I think is ethically committed to making the future less uncertain.”</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN"><br /><a href="https://student.portal.chalmers.se/doctoralportal/gts/optional-courses/Pages/Research-Ethics.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />More information about the course &quot;Research Ethics in Science and Technology&quot; and on how to register</a></span></p> ​​Mon, 01 Oct 2018 17:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/Guest-lecture-with-Charles-Brazerman.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/CLS/news/Pages/Guest-lecture-with-Charles-Brazerman.aspxGuest lecture with professor Charles Bazerman<p><b>​​On September 11th, Charles Bazerman, Professor of Education at the University of California, will hold a guest lecture at the Department of Communication and Learning in Science.​​</b></p>Professor Charles Bazerman has had an enormous impact on writing research. He is best known for his work on genre studies and the rhetoric of science, and he has contributed significantly to the establishment of writing as a research field.<div>Bazerman has a background as a professor of Literature, Communication and Culture and he is now Professor of Education at the Gevirtz Graduate School of Education at the University of California, Santa Barbara where he also served as chair of the program in education from 2000 to 2006. He has also served as Chair of the Conference on College Composition and Communication. More recently he was the founding Chair of the international organisation Writing Research Across Borders.<br /></div> <div>The lecture is entitled &quot;The role of data and evidence in academic writing&quot; and will take place in room Scrum 1 in the Chalmers Main Library September 11th 10-12. More information on how to register will follow.​</div>Fri, 24 Aug 2018 17:40:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/mc2/news/Pages/New-challenges-ahead-for-Sheila-Galt.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/mc2/news/Pages/New-challenges-ahead-for-Sheila-Galt.aspxNew challenges ahead for Sheila Galt<p><b>For many years, Sheila Galt has been a positive and influential force at MC2. Now she takes on new challenges at Chalmers. On 1 June 2018, she joined the Department of Communication and Learning in Science. &quot;It feels wonderful – lots of fun ahead!&quot;, she says.</b></p><div><div>Sheila Galt is a professor of applied electromagnetics. She studied at the department of Applied Electron Physics at Chalmers and got her doctoral degree in 1990 with the thesis &quot;Optical fiber scattering and biological electromagnetic effects&quot;.</div> <div>She remained at the department until 2001 when she joined the Photonics Laboratory at MC2. 17 years later, it is time to move on and test her wings at Communication and Learning in Science, where she formally belongs to the Division of Engineering Education Research (EER). In fact, she already started at her new address on 1 June.</div> <div>&quot;It feels just right since their activities correspond well with my own. I'm usually joking that I will do the same things I've always done, but with other colleagues to discuss educational ideas with. For parts of my work, it feels like a more logical home base&quot;, says Sheila.</div></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/sheila_IMG_3169_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Taking up educational research</h5> <div>She hopes to continue to work with much of what she has done so far, but exactly what it will look like is still unclear.</div> <div>&quot;I will drop some of the activities I've had at MC2, and start more educational research. Most of what I have taken care of at the Photonics Laboratory, I will have to let go. There will be changes. I've been teaching Laser Engineering and dealing with labs for quite a few years and developed new photonics related labs in a number of courses. It has been great fun to do&quot;, says Sheila.</div> <div>Until recently, she was vice-head for the undergraduate education at MC2.</div> <div>&quot;It meant both strategic thinking – how we should improve the courses and how teachers can be provided with more chances to teach – and to make sure the courses are properly staffed, delivered according to our agreements, and that we take care of our commitments properly on a daily basis. Then it also involved being a member of Chalmers Joint Vice-Head Group, which works a bit more strategically. If you identify a need for a change in routines for how the undergraduate education is organized from a teacher perspective, then it is the vice-head's task to accomplish that.&quot;</div> <div>The assignment as vice-head for the undergraduate education has been taken over by Per Rudquist.</div> <div><br /></div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Outreaching role</h5> <div>Sheila Galt is perhaps best known for her role in school outreach programs, where she worked extensively with The International Science Festival in Gothenburg, the Wallenberg Physics Prize (connected with the International Physics Olympiad) and other activities aimed at children and adolescents. Her laser shows have almost become an institution, and the Newton performances at the house of William Chalmers became very noteworthy. The other year she contributed to a children’s program on the radio. Many of these popular activities have unfortunately ceased.</div> <div>Nor is the much-appreciated activity &quot;Nanoscientist for a day&quot;, which Sheila ran along with Per Lundgren during the Science Festival, remaining.</div> <div>&quot;I think that these are activities that should have been continued. We will see how it will be in the future.&quot;</div></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/sheila_IMG_3155_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">Laser shows at Universeum</span><br /></div> <div><div>Instead, Sheila gets a chance to continue her outreach work with a 60% assignment at the science centre Universeum. There, among other things, she has continued to offer her laser shows.</div> <div>&quot;I have shared responsibility for activities offered for the public at the so-called “Teknoteket”. This is a technology-oriented makerspace where we have specific themes that are replaced approximately every two months. Here we need to have long-term planning and be able to develop new ideas and to freshen up old ones&quot;, she says.</div> <div>The challenge has been to find activities that work for a large range of ages, from preschoolers and upwards. Everyone is welcome to participate and you do not have to book time in advance.</div> <div>&quot;My aim has been to do more than just raise interest in technology. It is very important that we help people to enjoy technology, science and math. You should be able to have fun with technology while learning something.&quot;</div> <div>In the theme called &quot;Värmeverket&quot;, visitors were able to explore the heat of the human body and of the planet Earth, including studying the effects of exercise and the greenhouse effect. Visitors also had to think about how they themselves could contribute to the solution of the global warming problem.</div> <div>&quot;Thinking about how technology is used is a specially important issue for me, as well as linking sustainability ideas to the subject. I'm quite proud of our success.&quot;</div> <div>The assignment at Universeum ends at the end of the year, but Sheila would like to continue if possible.</div></div> <div></div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">The recognition meant the most</h5> <div><div>During the period 2009-2016, Sheila Galt was the leader of Chalmers gymnasiecentrum where she was a driving force, but the centre no longer remains in its original form. It was an operation that was later awarded, 2014.</div> <div>&quot;It started with Bo Håkansson's award &quot;Technician of the year&quot; in 2013. The prize included a part that he could donate for some good purpose and then he chose us.&quot;</div> <div>But the money was not the most important aspect for Sheila. The recognition meant more.</div> <div>&quot;To get an acknowledgement that my struggles have been worth the effort,&quot; she says.</div> <div>Together with Per Lundgren, Sheila Galt was also honored with Sigurd Andersson's scholarship for best peer effort in 2014, something that also pleased her a lot.</div></div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Born in Canada</h5> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/sheila_IMG_3179_350x305.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><div>Sheila Galt was born in 1956 in Kingston, Canada. She laughs at saying that she never really grew up.</div> <div>&quot;I have no memories at all from Kingston. We moved to England when I was one year, and from there to Penticton, located in the southernmost part of the Canadian province of British Columbia.&quot;</div> <div>Dad was a radio astronomer and the Penticton conditions were ideal for that type of work. The town is located near a valley with mountains on all sides, pretty much like a bowl. There you could work in protection from electromagnetic interference.</div> <div>In 1972, the family moved to Sweden.</div> <div>&quot;My father wanted to borrow instruments from Onsala Space Observatory, and brought the whole family. We studied Swedish intensively and I started at the music program at the high school Hvitfeldtska. That year became a turning point in my life. I had been aiming at having music as my profession, but after a year I realized that I didn't want to fight so hard, although I still enjoyed music a lot, and still do. So I decided to engage more in physics.&quot;</div> <div>Her technology interest comes from her father.</div> <div>&quot;He was always coming up with new nerdy fun. He played a lot with us. Among other things, we remodeled old bikes. Suddenly a bicycle had to be pedaled backwards to move forward. We often went with dad to the observatory and played there. Sometimes I got my own problems to solve, such as finding bugs in his software. Dad used to buy kits for electronics and taught us to build our own music amplifier and our own oscilloscope. We had new projects all the time&quot;, recalls Sheila.</div></div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Met the husband</h5> <div><div>At Hvitfeldtska she also met her future life companion:</div> <div>&quot;Anders was the tallest person in class and I was the shortest. He eventually became my husband!&quot;</div> <div>The family lives in a house in Sävedalen with two sons aged 25 and 19.</div> <div>&quot;Our youngest son went to the same music program as I did at Hvitfeldtska and met his girlfriend there!&quot;</div> <div>Sheila has played the piano since she was a small child. During her school years, she also received a lot of prizes for her talent. She says modestly that she got awarded because she signed up for all the competitions she could find...</div> <div>&quot;But I often mention that I learned to read music even before I could read ordinary text.&quot;</div> <div>There is also room for some spare time in her life. She enjoys gardening and choral singing.</div> <div>&quot;I love to grow vegetables in the garden, preferably those that are cheap to buy and easy to grow. I also sing in the little choir Corona. I usually say it’s a group of old, left-over Chalmers choristers, because almost all members have a Chalmers background. There are also a lot of other things I like to do but don’t take time for. When I retire, I’ll resume my interests in pottery and sewing.&quot;</div></div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">&quot;Like ingenious stuff&quot;</h5> <div><div>She has several driving forces, but at the bottom of it all is a basic interest in technology, which she describes as &quot;bubbly&quot;.</div> <div>&quot;I like ingenious stuff. My mom usually jokes with me and says I'm like Don Quixote; if I see a windmill, I'll go off and try to fight it! I’m drawn to tackling what I see as important problems, even though they might seem almost irresolvable, such as teaching technology students to apply ethical thinking. I took on the challenge in the Fundamentals of Photonics course, and I actually believe we succeeded!&quot;</div> <div>Other major driving forces are curiosity and an interest in gender equality and sustainability.</div> <div>&quot;It must be fair in terms of a sustainable world. Much of what the UN writes in its sustainability goals, I have tried to push for in my own small context.&quot;</div></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/sheila_IMG_3166_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="background-color:initial;margin:5px" /> </div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:16px;font-weight:600;background-color:initial">Long-term student recruitment</span><br /></div> <div><div>In her outreach activities, Sheila Galt has worked persistently with long-term student recruitment. She has seen the twinkle in the eyes of the children when the penny dropped. She has also received a hug now and then as thanks afterwards.</div> <div>But how many future Chalmers students she has inspired and ultimately attracted to the university, she will never know:</div> <div>&quot;I have no idea. No one has ever come and let me know about this. I have asked myself many times if it could be followed up in some way, but I have come to the conclusion that it is not feasible. The efforts are so small for each child and it is impossible to say if we managed to influence anyone in just one hour's time. It's probably much more effective if you can influence their teachers. We need to provide inspiration and tools for the teachers, and we try to do this, among other things, in the Master's program Learning and Leadership, where the students become both engineers and high school teachers.&quot;</div> <div>In this program, Sheila teaches and examines the practicum courses, which involve the students practice-teaching at local high schools. She will continue to do that.</div></div> <div><div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Many small seeds and steps</h5></div> <div><span></span><div>You can certainly say that Sheila Galt has been planting small seeds in children and adolescents, although the results can’t easily be measured.</div> <div>&quot;Of course, you do not know how many other people in these children’s environment are nudging and encouraging their technical interests. They make a bigger difference, and it is not certain that my little contribution will be a part of the choices these young people will make in their lives. But it's nice to imagine it could be so&quot;, she says.</div> <div>On 15 June, Sheila Galt was thanked by colleagues and friends with coffee and cake.</div> <div>&quot;I want to encourage all the small steps which are continuously being taken at Chalmers in order for the educational programs to keep growing better and better. It feels great to be part of that work and see how everyone works together to make it happen. I want to continue to support that&quot;, she concludes.</div></div> <div>​</div> <div>Text and photo: Michael Nystås</div>Thu, 14 Jun 2018 02:00:00 +0200