News: Global related to Chalmers University of TechnologyFri, 23 Mar 2018 13:57:29 +0100 ships follow the new sulphur regulations in northern Europe<p><b>​Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have shown that between 87 and 98 percent of ships comply with the tougher regulations for sulphur emissions that were introduced in northern Europe in 2015. The lowest levels of compliance were observed in the western part of the English Channel and in the middle of the Baltic Sea.</b></p><div>​<span style="background-color:initial">The highest permitted sulphur content in shipping fuel was drastically reduced at the end of 2014 for vessels sailing in the northern European <em>Sulphur Emission Control Area (SECA)</em> – from 1.00 to 0.10 per cent. Before the stricter regulations were implemented, sulphur emissions from the shipping industry were estimated to cause the premature death of 50,000 Europeans each year, because the sulphur forms particles that are swept inland by the wind.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div>Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have developed a ground-breaking method for remotely monitoring emissions from marine vessels, which they’ve used to investigate the effects of the new regulations. The work has been carried out through the Danish Environmental Protection Agency and the EU projects <em>Compmon</em> and <em>Envisum</em>.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Some of the measurements were taken using an aeroplane flying over Denmark, the English Channel and the middle of the Baltic Sea, while others used fixed measuring stations in the approach to Gothenburg, Sweden, on the Oresund Bridge (between Copenhagen and Malmo) and on the Great Belt Bridge in central Denmark.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/_W2_2695_Peter_Widing_300x199px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Johan Mellqvist, professor of optical remote sensing, heads the work at Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>“We can see differences in how the regulations are followed depending on who owns the vessels,” he says. While the vast majority of the ships comply with the regulations, a few shipping companies seem repeatedly to use non-compliant fuel.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“Other patterns we can see are that vessels that only rarely come into these waters break the rules more frequently. In addition, it’s more common that vessels emit excessive sulphur as they are leaving the SECA rather than on the way in, when they risk an on-board inspection. Some ships that have installed abatement technique for sulphur, so called scrubbers, have been observed with high levels on multiple occasions.”</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>One use of remote sensing is to advise port authorities as to which ships they should select for on-board fuel inspections. Such inspections are a prerequisite for taking legal action against rule breakers. <a href="">Recently the Norwegian Maritime Authority fined a ship  NOK 600.000 </a>(about EUR 63.000) for non-compliance. This was detected by the Great Belt measuring station and reported to the Norwegian Authorities.</div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div>“In general, the vessels carry both low-sulphur fuel oil and the less expensive high-sulphur oil on board,” Mellqvist says. “If they switch fuel well in advance of their passing of the measuring stations, they won’t be caught out. That’s why aerial monitoring is superior. It shows how much the vessels actually emit when they are out at sea and don’t know that they will be monitored.”</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/Gotland_IMG_0515_Jörg_Beecken_300x163px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" />The aerial surveys show that 13 per cent of vessels in the western part of the English Channel, near the SECA border, were in violation of the sulphur regulations in September 2016. For vessels around Denmark, the corresponding figure is 6-8 per cent, depending on time period. The fixed measuring stations on the approach to Gothenburg, on the Oresund Bridge and the Great Belt Bridge show that between 2 and 5 per cent of the bypassing ships use non-compliant fuel. This can be compared to on-board inspections showing non-compliance rates of around 5 per cent of the vessels at port. This may indicate that some ships change to compliant fuels too late (when entering the SECA) or change to non-compliant fuels too early (when leaving the SECA), while aiming at compliance at the fixed stations where they expect to be observed. </div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“There is a strong financial incentive for shipping companies to continue using the prohibited high-sulphur fuel,” Mellqvist says. “For example, they can save around 100,000 euros by using the cheaper, high-sulphur fuel on a single round trip between the UK and Sankt Petersburg. The entirety of this journey lies within the SECA.”</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>On Friday, March 23, Johan Mellqvist will present the ship surveillance work at the <em>19th International Environmental Forum &quot;Baltic Sea Day&quot;</em> 2018 in Sankt Petersburg, describing results from surveillance flights last summer in the middle of the Baltic Sea. The preliminary results show that the compliance rate was 88 percent, which is lower than in the western part of the Baltic Sea.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text:</strong> Johanna Wilde.</div> <div><strong>Photos:</strong> <span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial">Jörg Beecken and </span><span style="background-color:initial">Peter Widding.</span></div> <em> </em><div><em> </em></div> <em> </em><div><br /></div> <div> </div> <h6 class="chalmersElement-H6">More about: The Chalmers researchers’ method for remote sensing of emissions</h6> <div> </div> <div>The method that the Chalmers researchers have developed is based on a combination of established technologies that have been refined and adapted. They include optical remote sensing, physical/chemical analysis using a “sniffer” and monitoring vessels using an Automatic Identification System (AIS).</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>In addition to sulphur, the system can analyse marine emissions of nitrogen oxides and particles, for which the regulations have also been tightened for the shipping industry in recent years.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The method was completely unique when it came, and it is gaining ground in the industry. For example, the Chalmers team has built an aerial surveillance system for monitoring air pollution in Belgium. They’ve also conducted a pilot project in Los Angeles and maintain regular contacts with China, where the detection technique is about to be implemented.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <h6 class="chalmersElement-H6">More About: Sulp​hur emissions from the shipping industry</h6> <div> </div> <div>Sulphur emissions are above all a health issue, but in the Nordic region, where the bedrock has low lime content, they also contribute to acidification in lakes and waterways.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Since 2015, the Baltic Sea, the Kattegat, the Skagerrak, the North Sea and the English Channel have made up a Sulphur Emission Control Area in which shipping fuel may contain no more than 0.1 per cent sulphur. The rest of the EU follows the regulations set out by the UN’s International Maritime Organisation, IMO, which will reduce the maximum permitted sulphur content in shipping fuel from the current 3.5 per cent to 0.5 per cent worldwide by 2020.</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div>Reducing sulphur emissions is very costly for shipping companies, no matter how they choose to meet the requirements. There are several alternatives:</div> <div> </div> <div><ul><li>Powering ships with the significantly more expensive low-sulphur heavy fuel oil (HFO).<br /></li> <li>Installing scrubbers on board to reduce sulphur emissions to the necessary degree.<br /></li> <li>Switching fuels entirely, for example to liquefied natural gas (LNG) or methanol, which the ferry company <span style="background-color:initial">Stena Line is now testing on a few of its vessels.</span><br /></li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <h6 class="chalmersElement-H6"> <div>More about: The research</div> </h6><div>The results come from measurements that the Chalmers researchers carried out at the behalf of <a href="">the Danish Environmental Protection Agency</a> and the recently completed EU compliance monitoring project <a href="">Compmon</a>.</div> <div><br /></div> <a href=""><div><div><em>Surveillance of Sulfur Emissions from Ships in Danish Waters</em></div></div></a><div><div><br /></div> <a href=""><div><em>Fixed remote surveillance of fuel sulfur content in ships from fixed sites in the Göteborg ship channel and Öresund bridge</em></div></a><div>Report from the EU project Compmon</div> <div><br /></div> <a href=""><div><em>Certification of an aircraft and airborne surveillance of fuel sulfur content in ships at the SECA border</em></div></a><span style="background-color:initial">Report from the EU project Compmon</span><div><br /></div></div> <div>The EU project <a href="">Envisum​</a> is currently investigating the health benefits created by the new regulations in the countries around the Baltic. Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg University and City of Gothenburg are some of the participants. The project focuses particularly on health effects in Gothenburg, Saint Petersburg and Gdynia-Gdansk – some of the biggest ports in the area, which are centrally located in their respective cities.</div> <div> </div>Thu, 22 Mar 2018 11:00:00 +0100 textile lights a lamp when stretched<p><b>​Working up a sweat from carrying a heavy load? That is when the textile works at its best. Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have developed a fabric that converts kinetic energy into electric power, in cooperation with the Swedish School of Textiles in Borås and the research institute Swerea IVF. The greater the load applied to the textile and the wetter it becomes the more electricity it generates. The results are now published in the Nature Partner journal Flexible Electronics.</b></p>​Chalmers researchers Anja Lund and Christian Müller have developed a woven fabric that generates electricity when it is stretched or exposed to pressure. The fabric can currently generate enough power to light an LED, send wireless signals or drive small electric units such as a pocket calculator or a digital watch.<div> </div> <div>The technology is based on the piezoelectric effect, which results in the generation of electricity from deformation of a piezoelectric material, such as when it is stretched. In the study the researchers created a textile by weaving a piezoelectric yarn together with an electrically conducting yarn, which is required to transport the generated electric current.</div> <div> </div> <div>“The textile is flexible and soft and becomes even more efficient when moist or wet,” Lund says. “To demonstrate the results from our research we use a piece of the textile in the shoulder strap of a bag. The heavier the weight packed in the bag and the more of the bag that consists of our fabric, the more electric power we obtain. When our bag is loaded with 3 kilos of books, we produce a continuous output of 4 microwatts. That’s enough to intermittently light an LED. By making an entire bag from our textile, we could get enough energy to transmit wireless signals.”</div> <div> </div> <div>The piezoelectric yarn is made up of twenty-four fibres, each as thin as a strand of hair. When the fibres are sufficiently moist they become enclosed in liquid and the yarn becomes more efficient, since this improves the electrical contact between the fibres. The technology is based on previous studies by the researchers in which they developed the piezoelectric fibres, to which they have now added a further dimension. </div> <div> </div> <div>“The piezoelectric fibres consist of a piezoelectric shell around an electrically conducting core,” Lund says. “The piezoelectric yarn in combination with a commercial conducting yarn constitute an electric circuit connected in series.” </div> <div> </div> <div>Previous work by the researchers on piezoelectric textiles has so far mainly focused on sensors and their ability to generate electric signals through pressure sensitivity. Using the energy to continuously drive electronic components is unique. </div> <div> </div> <div>“Woven textiles from piezoelectric yarns makes the technology easily accessible and it could be useful in everyday life. It’s also possible to add more materials to the weave or to use it as a layer in a multi-layer product. It requires some modification, but it’s possible,” Lund says. </div> <div> </div> <div>The researchers consider that the technology is, in principle, ready for larger scale production. It is now mainly up to industrial product developers to find out how to make use of the technology. Despite the advanced technology underlying the material, the cost is relatively low and is comparable with the price of Gore-Tex. Through their collaboration with the Swedish School of Textiles in Borås the researchers have been able to demonstrate that the yarn can be woven in industrial looms and is sufficiently wear-resistant to cope with the harsh conditions of mass production.<br />   </div> <div><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" /> Anja Lund about the research results</a></div>Thu, 22 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +0100 Swedish satellite to map unstudied winds high up in Earth&#39;s atmosphere<p><b>​Chalmers University of Technology has won the competition to provide Sweden’s next national research satellite to the Swedish National Space Board. The satellite, named SIW, will be the first to study wind currents in the upper atmosphere, increasing understanding about how they affect weather and climate.</b></p><div>​”I am really happy to see our proposal become a reality”, says Kristell Pérot, researcher in the Division of Microwave and Optical Remote Sensing, at the Department of Space, Earth and Environment at Chalmers.</div> <div>SIW, which stands for Stratospheric Inferred Winds, will study wind patterns in the atmosphere to answer questions about their dynamics and circulation. It will contribute important data to climate models, and increase understanding of how the different parts of the atmosphere interact.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Better weather forecasting</h4> The climate and weather in the troposphere, the layer closest to Earth’s surface, is affected by wind changes in the two layers above, the stratosphere and the mesosphere (altitudes between 11 and 85 kilometres). Observing and analysing events in the upper layers is therefore critical to achieving more reliable long-term predictions. <div> </div> <div>For example, many consider the recent cold weather across Europe this month, and concurrent warmer temperatures in the Arctic, to be linked to temperature changes in the upper atmosphere – so-called ’sudden stratospheric warming’.</div> <div> </div> <div>“This process is not very well understood in current models, and more knowledge is needed. With SIW, it will be easier to study this kind of event and to understand the forces behind them. That has never been done in this way before” says Kristell Pérot.</div> <div><br /> </div> <div>“SIW will also be a fine complement to the satellite Aeolus, to be launched by the European Space Agency later this year to study the winds lower down in the atmosphere,” she adds.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Dual purpose</h4> <div>Patrick Eriksson, professor of Global Environmental Measurements at Chalmers, believes the second part of SIW’s mission will be equally important – to measure the concentration of certain gases in the atmosphere.</div> <div> </div> <div>”As it stands, SIW looks to be alone in being able to measuring the gases that are important to assessing the status of the ozone layer. Above all, it’s chlorine- and nitrogen-bearing gases that we want to keep track of. SIW will take over that role after the <span style="background-color:initial">satellite </span><span style="background-color:initial">Odin</span><span style="background-color:initial">, </span><span style="background-color:initial">which will soon be ready for retirement after 17 years in space” says Eriksson.</span></div> <span></span><div></div> <div> </div> <div>Several Swedish companies will participate in the SIW project, including Omnisys Instruments, which will be responsible for the scientific instruments, and OHB Sweden, which will construct the satellite itself and have overall responsibility for the project. Donal Murtagh, professor of Global Environmental Measurements and Head of Division Microwave and Optical Remote Sensing at the Department of Space, Earth and Environment, will be scientifically responsible for SIW. <span>The satellite will also contain parts manufactured at the Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience – MC2 – at Chalmers. <span></span><span style="display:inline-block"></span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></div>   <div>The Swedish National Space Board will finance the production and launch of SIW, which will be the second satellite in its innovative research satellites venture. It is scheduled for launch in 2022.</div> <div> </div> <div>You can read more about the SIW satellite on the <a href="">Swedish National Space Board’s website </a>(Swedish only).<br /> </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>For more information, contact:</strong></div> <div><span><span>​</span>,</span> Professor of Global Environmental Measurements and Head of Division, Microwave and Optical Remote Sensing at the Department of Space, Earth and Environment</div> <div><span>r</span><span>ot</span>, researcher from the Division of Microwave and Optical Remote Sensing, at the Department of Space, Earth and Environment</div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/patrick-eriksson.aspx">Patrick Eriksson</a>, Professor of Global Environmental Measurements at the Department of Space, Earth and Environment</div> <div><br /> </div>Wed, 21 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +0100 to make kitchen pots harder<p><b>​New research shows that tailor-making the material used when making stainless steel is the key to optimize hardness and corrosion free properties. This new knowledge is important for oil, gas, food and nuclear industries – and for your kitchen pots.</b></p>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/IMS/Material%20och%20tillverkning/Giulio%20Maistro_200x250.png" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Giulio Maistro" style="margin:5px;width:170px;height:213px" /><span style="background-color:initial">In a recently published doctoral thesis, <a href="/en/staff/Pages/maistro.aspx" target="_blank">Giulio Maistro</a> presents studies of methodologies to make austenitic stainless steel harder, without losing the &quot;stainless&quot; properties. The results show that it is important to consciously balance the different metals used in the steel, as well as the additives nitrogen and carbon.</span><div><br /></div> <div><strong>Austenitic stainless steel </strong>is a specific type of stainless steel alloy that is used for kitchen pots and many industrial applications. This type of material is very good to use with strong acids or salty water because it is resistant to corrosion. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Unfortunately, today’s stainless steel has the drawback of being very easy to scratch and damage. It is too soft. This is not crucial for our kitchen ware, but is a big problem for jewellery or for industrial applications. In industrial sectors like the oil, gas, food and nuclear industries, the surface has to be smooth like a mirror. </span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>When making stainless steel</strong>, it is the combination of the material in itself and the surface treatment that defines how good the result is. The result of a surface treatment can be radically different depending on the formula the material is composed of. Giulio Maistro says that this can be both a good and a bad thing. </div> <div><span style="color:black;font-family:calibri,sans-serif;font-size:11pt;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="color:black;font-family:calibri,sans-serif;font-size:11pt;background-color:initial">– </span>Nowadays, we have reached a stagnation in the application of surface treatments like plasma, gas nitriding or carburizing. More or less everyone in the field knows &quot;when it is worth to use them and when it is not&quot;. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>According to Giulio Maistro, companies keep their processes secret which makes process development hard and almost completely abandoned in academia. Giulio Maistro’s research is welcomed. Not much research has been done earlier on the optimization of the materials to fit the treatment. Instead of trying to change and over-optimize the treatment parameters, it could be easier and more effective to tailor-make a new material that better matches the treatment.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>This tailor-making involves</strong> <strong>Nickel and Molybdenum</strong>, two metals that typically are added into the steel to improve resistance against corrosion. </div> <div><span style="color:black;font-family:calibri,sans-serif;font-size:11pt;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="color:black;font-family:calibri,sans-serif;font-size:11pt;background-color:initial">– </span>In my research I show that by adding Nickel it is possible to decrease the unwanted formation of carbides, which are bad for corrosion. However, when too much Nickel is used, the material cannot be hardened very much. This is because carbon and nitrogen do not like Nickel and vice versa. If you use the metal Molybdenum, the opposite effect is shown. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>To harden the steel, it is common to introduce nitrogen or carbon in it. The more nitrogen or carbon you have, the harder the steel gets. This relates to Nickel and Molybdenum. Depending on how much of those metals you have in the steel, you can change how much nitrogen or carbon you can introduce in it. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>However, if you introduce too much nitrogen or carbon, chemical compounds called nitrides and carbides are formed. When they form, the stainless property of the steel gets lost. In general, Molybdenum increases the amount of nitrogen or carbon you can insert. Nickel limits the amount but also limits the formation of nitrides or carbides. </div> <div><span style="color:black;font-family:calibri,sans-serif;font-size:11pt;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="color:black;font-family:calibri,sans-serif;font-size:11pt;background-color:initial">– </span>This new knowledge shows that companies that manufacture products made of stainless steel need to find a balance between Nickel and Molybdenum to get the maximum hardness while maintaining the stainless properties, upon introducing nitrogen or carbon, says Giulio Maistro.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>FACTS:</strong></div> <div>Gas nitriding or carburizing are methods to introduce nitrogen or carbon to the steel.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/maistro.aspx" target="_blank">Giulio Maistro​</a> performed his doctoral studies at the <a href="/en/departments/ims/research/mm/Pages/default.aspx">division of Materials and Manufacture</a> which belongs to the <span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/departments/ims/Pages/default.aspx">department of Industrial and Materials Science</a> at <a href="/en/Pages/default.aspx">Chalmers University of Technology</a>. He </span><span style="background-color:initial">successfully defended his doctoral thesis on January 26th. The title of the thesis is: </span></div> <span></span><div><em>Low-temperature carburizing/nitriding of austenitic stainless steels - Influence of alloy composition on microstructure and properties.</em></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Read more in this scientific article:</strong></div> <div><a href=""></a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Text: Nina Silow</em></div> <div><em>Photo in the article: Marcus Folino</em></div> ​Tue, 20 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +0100 graduated engineer aiming for gold<p><b>​Nadine Kåmark has been cycling trial for ten years, lately combining her passion for the sport with engineering studies at Chalmers. Last year she came second in the World Championship, and this year she is aiming for the gold.</b></p><p>– I have always had an interest in technology, but when starting trial cycling I got interested in how durable things are. I want to be able to design my own bikes in the future, says Nadine. <br /></p> <p>We met Nadine at campus Johanneberg, at ‘Teknologgåren’, where she waited with her bike. <br /></p> <p>– Trial is a rather unknown sport in Sweden at this point, it’s way more common in the southern parts of Europe and other parts of the world. <br /></p> <p>She first got interested in the sport when a neighbor at her family’s summer house had a trial bike. Nadine was self-taught at riding a unicycle, but was recommended to try trial and was hooked. <br /></p> <p>She explains to us, that trial is all about balance, precision, strength and explosivity. The biker is riding a saddle-less BMX-looking kind of bike, and are balancing this supposed to climb an obstacle course without having their feet touch the ground. It’s not a sport of speed, but the course is to be done in under two minutes. <br /></p> <p>– If I’d put down a foot, I’d get a penalty point. If I’d put down both feet, I’d get five penalty points, and at that point I might just as well leave the course. </p> <p></p> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Very few women</h4> <div>In Sweden, Nadine is the only female to compete in trial, so when competing here she runs against the men. She doesn’t mind, the opposite: she finds it forcing her to develop her skills faster. Earlier on, the sport has been associated with motor trial, which for a long time has been male dominated.<br /><br /></div> <div>– Maybe that’s why so few women have found the sport until now. But since 2015 it has been part of the bicycle- instead of motor category, and I think that will favour the sport in general, and the women’s interest in particular.<br /></div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Combining studies with sport</h4> <div>Nadine chose to study at Chalmers because the university offered her the technological education she was looking for. She has been studying mechanical engineering, followed by the master’s programme Applied mechanics, and graduated this February. The last two years she had support from the National Sports University, in order to perform in school and on the bike.<br /><br /></div> <div>– Combining studies with sport has been working really well. It makes you time conscious and therefore efficient and productive. My trail cycling has definitely helped me in my studies, says Nadine.<br /><br /></div> <div>See the <a href=";t=4s">video</a>.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>Photo/video:</strong> Johan Bodell</div> <div><strong>Text:</strong> Sofia Larsson-Stern</div> <p></p>Thu, 15 Mar 2018 14:30:00 +0100 kickoff for new center in quantum technology<p><b>​The starting signal for the Wallenberg Center for Quantum Technology (WACQT) has been fired. About 75 invited speakers and guests gathered for a kick-off on MC2 on 13 and 14 March. &quot;We have a very exciting ten-year journey ahead of us,&quot; says Per Delsing, head of the new center.</b></p><div>WACQT – formally launched on January 1 – is a total investment of almost SEK 1 billion. Most of the money come from Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, which contributes with 600 million. The rest comes from Chalmers University of Technology Foundation, and the cooperating universities in Lund, Linköping and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH). The goal is to build a Swedish quantum computer in ten years and to build competence in quantum technology in Sweden.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/wacqt_kickoff_665x330a.jpg" alt="picture link to article" style="margin:5px" /> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Collaboration with business</h5> <div>The idea is also to start collaborations with industry in different areas. At the kickoff there were representatives from about ten companies like Astra Zeneca, Ericsson and IBM.</div> <div>&quot;We want to reach both smaller and larger companies, including those who do not currently work with quantum technology. Companies will have the opportunity to influence the focus of research based on their needs. Let's say that a company wants to develop a certain pharmaceutical and simulate that, then we can adopt our quantum computer so that it makes it more useful to simulate a certain type of drug. In this way, we can adapt to make it more interesting for companies to cooperate with us,&quot; says Per Delsing (picture above), who heads WACQT.</div> <div>In Chalmers offering to companies there are opportunities for industrial PhD:s, advanced courses in quantum technology and invitations to workshops. It will also be possible to acquire licenses and establish intellectual property agreements for the research results. Conversations with companies will begin in the spring.</div> <div>On 14 March, on the second day of the kickoff, there was also a special program point where companies were given the opportunity to present themselves and their wishes. In the entrance hall at Kemivägen 9 was a poster exhibition with several participating universities. There was also the opportunity to accompany guided lab tours.</div> <div><div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/wacqt_kickoff_665x330e.jpg" alt="picture link to article" style="margin:5px" /> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Exciting trip </h5></div> <div>The goal of the center effort is to take Swedish research and industry to the front of the second quantum revolution. The center is organizationally placed under the new Quantum Technology Laboratory at MC2. Per Delsing, Professor of quantum device physics, is the head of the laboratory.</div> <div>&quot;We have a very exciting ten-year journey ahead of us,&quot; he said in his welcoming speech.</div> <div>But Delsing pointed out that the project is not just about building the desirable quantum computer:</div> <div>&quot;An important part of the research will be to find out what you can use a quantum computer for,&quot; he said.</div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Long line of lectures</h5> <div>The two days featured a wide range of presentations and presentations, both comprehensive and more detailed. Among the speakers were Guilherme B Xavier, Linköping University, Witlef Wieczorek, Chalmers, and Jonathan Burnett, Chalmers.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/wacqt_kickoff_665x330b.jpg" alt="picture link to article" style="margin:5px" /><br />Göran Johansson (picture above) told about the new graduate school to be built up. He concluded that it will be an attractive and competitive school: </div> <div>&quot;Therefore, we need to get the best ideas to make it as attractive as possible to apply to us,&quot; said Göran Johansson.</div> <div>Such enticing factors may include newly developed courses and study trips.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/wacqt_kickoff_665x330g.jpg" alt="picture link to article" style="margin:5px" /><br />Göran Wendin (picture above) spoke in depth about a forthcoming guest research program and various EU-level quantitative support measures, with a planned research flagship being a key part. This will be as large as the current Graphene Flagship and will start on January 1, 2019. </div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Benefit be before the EU</h5> <div>The fact that WACQT started a whole year before the EU's new flagship, Per Delsing sees as a great advantage in terms of all recruitment of top researchers which needs to be done.</div> <div>&quot;Of course, everyone wants to recruit the best, so we have many challenges ahead of us. The size of the project is another competitive advantage,&quot; he said.</div> <div><div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/wacqt_kickoff_665x330f.jpg" alt="picture link to article" style="margin:5px" /> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Ongoing recruitment work </h5></div> <div>Recruitment is underway at the time of writing. Over ten years, 60 PhD students, 40 postdoctoral students, ten assistant professors and a number of visiting researchers are to be hired. In the winter, advertisements have been published in newspapers like Metro, Dagens Industri, Dagens Nyheter and Ny Teknik. Giulia Ferrini (picture above), who also gave a lecture, is the first newly appointed assistant professor in the project. Application deadline is 18 March.</div> <div>&quot;We are looking forward to many good candidates,&quot; said Per Delsing.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/wacqt_kickoff_665x330c.jpg" alt="picture link to article" style="margin:5px" /><br />In addition, Professor Gunnar Björk (picture above), Royal Institute of Technology, and Professor Stefan Kröll (picture below), Lund University, who lead related projects at their respective universities, projects that they also presented. </div> <div><div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/wacqt_kickoff_665x330d.jpg" alt="picture link to article" style="margin:5px" /> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">New board was presented </h5></div> <div>During the kickoff days, the new board of WACQT was presented, with chairman Lena Gustafsson, former vice president of Chalmers, vice managing director at Vinnova and president at Umeå University, at the head. The other members of the board are Pontus de Laval, Saab AB, Sara Mazur, Ericsson, Tobias Ekholm, Institut Mittag-Leffler and KAW, Mats Viberg, vice president at Chalmers, Elisabeth Giacobino, École Normal Supérieure, and Charles Marcus, Copenhagen University. On 14 March, the board held its first meeting.</div> <div> </div> <div>Several people have been involved in the planning for the high-end, but the lion's share of the work has been performed by coordinator Susannah Carlsson, communications officer, and Professor Göran Wendin, with coordinator Debora Perlheden as practical support.</div> <div> </div> <div>Text: Michael Nystås</div> <div>Photo: Susannah Carlsson och Michael Nystås</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Read more &gt;&gt;&gt;</strong></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/mc2/news/Pages/New-center-for-quantum-technology-was-celebrated.aspx">New center for quantum technology was celebrated</a></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/news/Pages/Engineering-of-a-Swedish-quantum-computer-set-to-start.aspx">Engineering of a Swedish quantum computer set to start</a></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Read an interview with Giulia Ferrini &gt;&gt;&gt;</strong></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/mc2/news/Pages/Italian-researcher-strengthens-the-quantum-computer-project.aspx">Italian researcher strengthens the quantum computer project</a><br /><br /><a href="/en/departments/mc2/news/Pages/Italian-researcher-strengthens-the-quantum-computer-project.aspx"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/wacqt_kickoff_690x330g.jpg" alt="picture link to article" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /></a></div>Thu, 15 Mar 2018 10:00:00 +0100 of household waste in focus for Renova&#39;s Environmental Grant 2018<p><b>From researching energy efficiency of freight transportation towards the end consumer, Chalmers researcher Jessica Wehner switches her focus to the transportation of household waste away from the point of consumption. She now receives Renova&#39;s Environmental Grant for 2018. &quot;Energy efficiency is as much about behaviours and attitudes as it is about technology,&quot; she says.</b></p><p>Jessica began her PhD studies in a research project called &quot;The Fifth Fuel&quot;, funded by the Swedish Energy Agency. The project is about increasing energy efficiency in freight transportation and logistics, which benefits both environment and economy. In logistics contexts, a term that is often used is &quot;the last mile&quot; - meaning the last leg of transport from retailer to household. The end consumer is recognised as playing a very important role in the process of increasing energy efficiency in the reversed supply chain.<br /><br />&quot;I got the idea of looking at the transportation of goods in an opposite direction,&quot; says Jessica. &quot;To see households as suppliers of waste in a reversed supply chain and the research makes an effort to initiate a new way of thinking towards waste collection .&quot;<br /><br />According to Jessica, energy efficiency is as much about behaviours and attitudes as it is about technology.<br /><br />&quot;I call the transport leg from households &quot;the first mile&quot;. The way in which the waste is collected, how it's sorted and where households leave their waste, is crucial to energy efficiency. Perhaps we need to reconsider today's methods for sorting and collecting&quot;, she says.<br /><br />Jessica conducts her research at Chalmers University of Technology, at the Department of Technology Management and Economics, Division of Service Management and Logistics. She plans to use the grant of 50,000 SEK to establish new collaborations with colleagues working on the same subject, including a colleague at the Hanken School of Economics in Helsinki who works with logistics regarding food waste supply chains. At the moment she is also working on a conference paper together with Chalmers colleagues Árni Halldórsson and Ceren Altuntas Vural.<br /><br />Jessica Wehner received the 2018 Environmental Grant at Renova's Annual Meeting on March 9, 2018.<br /><a href=""><br />Read more about Jessica Wehner's research<span style="display:inline-block"></span></a><br /><a href="">Read more about Renova's Environmental Grant and former fellows (in Swedish)</a><br /><br /></p>Mon, 12 Mar 2018 09:00:00 +0100 Prize to Bo Berndtsson<p><b>​Bo Berndtsson, Chalmers University and the University of Gothenburg, and Nessim Sibony, Université Paris-Sud Orsay, have been awarded the 2017 Stefan Bergman Prize from the Americal Mathematical Society.</b></p><p>​<img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Photo Bo Berndtsson" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MV/Nyheter/Bergman-2017-Berndtsson250x.jpg" style="margin:5px" />Bo Berndtsson and Nessim Sibony have been awarded the 2017 Stefan Bergman Prize for their many fundamental contributions to several complex variables, complex potential theory, and complex geometry. Bo Berndtsson was elected to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 2003, he received the Edlund Prize of the Royal Academy of Science in 1987 and the Göran Gustafsson Prize in 1995. </p> <p>The research area complex analysis has been something of a Swedish specialty during the 1900s. Bo Berndtsson followed a trend in the field and went more and more towards geometry. Ten years ago he found a connection between complex analysis and convexity, and the seemingly simple concept of convexity has resulted in a rich theory with many deep and surprising results. <br /></p> <p><a href="/en/departments/math/news/Pages/Complex-analysis-and-convexity.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" /><strong><font color="#5b97bf">Complex analysis and convexity, interview with Bo Berndtsson &gt;&gt;</font></strong></a></p> <p>The Stefan Bergman Prize is awarded every one or two years in the following areas: (1) the theory of the kernel function and its applications in real and complex analysis, and (2) function-theoretic methods in the theory of partial differential equations of elliptic type with attention to Bergman’s operator method. The prize honors the memory of Stefan Bergman, best known for his research in several complex variables, as well as for the Bergman projection and the Bergman kernel function. A native of Poland, he taught at Stanford University for many years and died in 1977 at the age of 82. <br /></p> <p><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more at the AMS web page &gt;&gt;</a><br /><br />Photo: Edme Dominguez</p>Fri, 09 Mar 2018 08:30:00 +0100 Foundation Award presented to Lisbeth Olsson<p><b>​This year&#39;s Foundation Award goes to Professor Lisbeth Olsson at the Department of Biology and Biotechnology. She is one of the most prominent researchers at Chalmers and she has shown great commitment in many areas.</b></p>​Lisbeth Olsson has in a short time established a large research group in industrial biotechnology and her collaborative research, often around innovative ideas whose potentials are not yet known, leading to knowledge building and new practices for her partners which has a great potential for impact.<br /><br />She also shows great commitment in all levels of education, from basic to research level, and to strong leadership in various parts of the Chalmers organization. Already when Lisbeth was recruited to Chalmers, she started discussions with several other Chalmers researchers on cross-border research collaborations. These collaborations have, among other things, led to the creation of the KAW-funded center Wallenberg Wood Science Center, the strategic research program Chalmers Energy Initiative and the Formas-funded cooperation project BioBuF, which engages groups from four institutions at Chalmers and RISE. Her efforts as Area of Advance leader for Energy have been characterized by an engagement for all activities and areas regardless of Chalmers institutional boundaries.<br /><br />The Award comprises a personal payment of SEK 25,000 (before taxes) and an activity grant of SEK 100,000.<br /><br />An important task of the Chalmers University of Technology Foundation is to stimulate the development of the University's activities. For many years the Foundation has contributed to quality and renewal through funding within selected areas. The Foundation Award was established to highlight, in particular, the crucial importance of Chalmers employees to the success of the University and to focus on examples that act as a source of inspiration. The Award is presented once each year and was presented for the first time in 2006.Fri, 09 Mar 2018 08:00:00 +0100 some of the women in science<p><b>Academia has no room for gender inequality. What we do have room for, however, is research and education. Not only today but all year round, women here contribute to making the world a bit better. And today, on the International Women&#39;s Day, we want to highlight some of them.</b></p><div>Research in forefront, esteemed awards, and government assignments. At Chalmers, the Department of Technology Management and Economics, hundreds of women contribute to the development of society with their research, teaching and studies. We have chosen to present the amazing work which some of them have conducted that we have presented in articles during the last year - dated back to March 8, 2017.</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Untapped-gold-mine-is-lost-from-end-of-life-vehicles.aspx" target="_blank">Untapped gold mine is lost from end-of-life vehicles</a></div> <div><em>Maria Ljunggren Söderman, Researcher</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/Procurement-requirements-to-solve-labor-shortages-in-construction-industry.aspx" target="_blank">Procurement to solve labor shortages in construction sector</a></div> <div><em>Daniella Petersen, PhD Student</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/She-studies-the-collaboration-on-the-dream-of-fusion.aspx" target="_blank">She studies the world's largest collaboration on the dream of fusion</a></div> <div><em>Anna Åberg, Assistant Professor</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/centres/CHI/news/Pages/Smart-IT-solutions-can-improve-the-lives-of-dementia-patients.aspx" target="_blank">Smart IT solutions for cognitive impairment</a></div> <div><em>Monica </em><em>Jurkeviciute</em><em>, PhD Student</em></div> <div> </div> <div> <a href="/en/departments/tme/news/Pages/-How-to-strengthen-quality-improvement-in-healthcare.aspx" target="_blank">How to strengthen quality improvement in healthcare </a></div> <div><em>Sara Dahlin, PhD Student</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">The muddle of values and goals in collaboration</a></div> <div><em>Jane Webb, PhD Student</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">The antecedents and processes of business model innovation</a></div> <div><em>Sara Fallahi, Doctor</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">How to build strong venture teams in a landscape of uncertainty</a></div> <div><em>Pamela Nowell, PhD Student</em></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Artic<span></span><span style="display:inline-block"></span>les only available in Swedish</strong></div> <div> </div> <div><span><a href="" target="_blank">Chalmersstudent utsedd till årets Female Leader Engineer</a></span></div> <span><div><em>Cecilia Svennberg, student at Industrial Engineering and Management<br /></em></div> <div><span><br /><a href="" target="_blank">Hon forskar om kvalitetsförbättringar i sjukvården</a></span></div></span><div><span><em>Petra Apell,</em></span><span><em>PhD Student</em><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></div> <span><div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">Minska kläders miljöpåverkan - årets mest nedladdade avhandling</a></div></span><div><span><em>Sandra Roos, Doctor</em></span></div> <div><span><span><br /></span></span><a href=""><span><span>Start-ups i industriella nätverk - när relationer bygger innovationer</span></span></a></div> <span><div><em>Maria Landqvist, PhD Student</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">De globala frågorna avgörande för vår relevans</a></div> <div><em>Helene Ahlborg, Researcher</em></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="" target="_blank">Hilary Bradbury blir ny jubileumsprofessor på TME</a></div> <div><em>Hilary Bradbury, Doctor<br /><br /></em></div> <div><span><a href="">Prisad forskning skapar ramar för Design Thinking</a></span></div></span><div><span><em>Lisa Carlgren, Researcher och Maria Elmquist, Head of Department and Professor</em><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></div> <div> </div> <div><span>We also want to highlight the pioneer Vera Sandberg, who became Chalmers' - and Sweden's - first female engineer when graduating in 1917 </span></div> <span><div><a href="" target="_blank">Vera Sandberg - Sveriges första kvinnliga ingenjör</a></div></span><div><span><em>Vera Sandberg, Engineer</em></span></div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">More good news - a selection of all achievements of our female researchers during the year</h4> <div> </div> <div><strong>Kajsa Hulthén</strong>, co-author of the publication &quot;Wroe Alderson, IMP and the evolution of theory&quot; that won the award Outstanding Paper in the 2017 Emerald Literati Network Awards for Excellence.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Ingrid Svensson</strong> and <strong>Pernilla Gluch</strong> won the Taylor and Francis award for best theoretically informed contribution with the publication <em>&quot;The role of objects for institutional work in energy efficient renovation&quot;</em></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Susanne Ollila</strong> is part of the extensive EU project, Iris, for environmentally friendly solutions - for example, within energy and sustainable transport.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Lisa Melander</strong> has been assigned a research grant from <em>Familjen Knut &amp; Ragnvi Jacobssons foundation</em>.</div> <div>She recieves the grant for green innovation in leading Swedish industrial companies.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Anna Bergek</strong> has been appointed by the government as a new member of the EUN (Energiutvecklingsnämnden) at the Swedish Energy Agency. EUN:s role is to decide how the government's energy research budget will be used to support research, development and innovation.<br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Maria Massaro</strong> has been awarded the Young Scholar Program Award from Pacific Telecommunications Council (PTC).</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Charlotta Kronblad</strong> was nominated as Legal Innovator of the Year during Swedish Legal Innovation Awards.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Henrikke Baumann</strong>, a first-generation researcher in life cycle analysis, has been a driving force in establishing the highly acclaimed research subject at Chalmers. She has now become Sweden's first professor in industrial and domestic ecologies.</div>Thu, 08 Mar 2018 09:00:00 +0100 for her physics research<p><b>​Marianne Liebi, Assistant Professor at the Department of Physics at Chalmers, has been awarded the L&#39;Oréal-Unesco For Women in Science Award. The prize is intended to pay attention to female researchers at the beginning of their career. She received the award from Helene Hellmark Knutsson, Minister of Higher Education and Research, in a ceremony in Stockholm, 7 March, 2018.</b></p><div>​&quot;The prize represents recognition of my work and trust in me that I am on a good way to become a more independent scientist.&quot;  </div> <div> </div> <div>Marianne Liebi uses powerful X-ray technology to study how, for example, the smallest building blocks in bone tissue, collagen fibrils organize. The goal is to develop a tempering, biomimetic material, where nature's own design principles are imitated and applied to develop artificial bone and cartilage.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What is your driving force?</strong></div> <div>&quot;Working on projects in a team with different experts, trying to understand the world around us a little bit better. The excitement during a beamtime running day and night if the experiment finally is successful can compensate for many hours of frustration.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What expectations you have for the coming year?</strong></div> <div>&quot;In the coming year the main task is to build my group and establish myself as a supervisor. My first PhD student will start in a few weeks, I am really looking forward to this.&quot; </div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What do you hope that your research will lead to in the long run?</strong></div> <div>&quot;I hope that my research will help to bring new methods [such as SAXS tensor tomography, with which I mainly work] developed at large scale facilities and the application in university and industrial research closer together. For that it is important to have specialists also placed at the university which can bring the new development into education and can assist new users of the method to get started.&quot; </div> <div> </div> <div>Marianne Liebi has been awarded the prize for &quot;the constructive use of advanced imaging methods for biomaterials with the aim of understanding the connection between molecular and mechanical properties&quot;.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What do you wish for in the future? </strong></div> <div>&quot;I wish that there is no such price as the Women in Science award because the gender simply doesn't matter any more and there is instead a prize for young scientists in general.</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More about Marianne and her research</h3> <div>Marianne Liebi is Assistant Professor in Materials Science at the Department of Physics at Chalmers University of Technology, since August 2017. Before that, she worked as a scientist at the Swedish synchrotron (MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University), to which she remains affiliated. The focus of her research is in the development of advanced X-ray imaging techniques and their application towards on materials with hierarchical structures. With a background in food science, she started using large-scale facilities for the characterization of materials during her PhD. As a postdoc working at the Swiss synchrotron (Paul Scherrer Institute), she started working on method development in X-ray scattering and imaging. </div> <div><br />She earned her PhD in Food Science 2013 at Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich, Switzerland. </div> <div> </div> <div>Today's X-ray imaging methods used in research today go far beyond from what is possible in a conventional radiography or CT used in hospitals. Using the very bright X-ray beam, as produced by the Swedish national synchrotron radiation facility MAX IV in Lund, one can for example visualize how tiny fibers, thousand times finer than a human hair, are organized in biological or artificial materials. <br /><br />Marianne Liebi and her collaborators have developed a method that allows such studies in intact three-dimensional samples. Human bone for instance is made of such tiny fibers, so called collagen fibrils. One major feature of these fibers is that they are ordered and aligned differently depending on the part of the bone where they are found, thereby adapting determining the local mechanical stability. Together with different bone experts, Marianne Liebi applies this method to characterize bone in embryonic development or around implants that slowly degrade while new bone material is being formed. The method will be key in a project to develop a biomimetic material, which uses design principles from nature to create artificial bone and cartilage. 3D printing is used to introduce similar alignment of the artificial fibers as found for the collagen fibrils within bone in order to create a material with similar mechanical properties. <br /><br /><strong>Contact:</strong><br /><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Marianne-Liebi.aspx">Marianne Liebi</a></div>Wed, 07 Mar 2018 16:00:00 +0100 gold mine is lost from end-of-life vehicles<p><b>Vast quantities of scarce metals are being lost from Europe&#39;s urban mine of vehicles, including 20 tonnes of gold each year - and the proportion of critical metals in vehicles is continuing to increase. A database is now being published that charts the metals and facilitates recycling. On 8 March Maria Ljunggren Söderman, researcher at Chalmers University of Technology, will present the results at IEA&#39;s expert meeting.</b></p><div>Metals, such as gold, cobalt and lithium, are an indispensable part of our batteries, mobile phones, electronic gadgets and vehicles. At the same time, Europe is highly dependent on imports of metals, which makes some of them critical for the EU.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;These metals are required for the ongoing transition to greener technologies, such as electric cars, solar cells, LED lighting and wind power, so any supply risks are a strategic and economic problem for the EU. What's more, these are finite resources that must be used in a sustainable way,&quot; says Maria Ljunggren Söderman, Researcher at Environmental Systems Analysis at Chalmers University of Technology.</div> <div> </div> <div>She is part of the extensive European research project Prosum, which has now compiled a new database with which to address the problem. The Urban Mine Platform - the only one of its kind in the world - charts what is known as the urban mine: the metals that are already in circulation and could be recycled from our end-of-life vehicles and electrical and electronic equipment.</div> <div> </div> <div>Maria Ljunggren Söderman has been responsible for the survey of the 260 million light-duty vehicles in Europe's vehicle fleet. She notes that the quantities of critical and scarce metals have increased substantially and that vehicles also now include many new metals.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;This is mainly because we are constructing increasingly advanced vehicles, with a great deal of electronics, lightweight materials and catalytic converters. The increase in the numbers of electric vehicles adds to this development, even though they so far represent a small proportion of the vehicle fleet,&quot; she says.</div> <div> </div> <div>One such example is neodymium, one of the rare earth metals (REM). It is estimated that by 2020 there will be nearly 18,000 tonnes of neodymium in the active vehicle fleet - nine times the amount present in the year 2000.</div> <div> </div> <div>Gold is another example - and the researchers were surprised by just how vast the quantities of hidden gold in our vehicles actually are. In 2015 there were an estimated 400 or so tonnes of gold in Europe's vehicle fleet, while the vehicles that left the fleet contained in the region of 20 tonnes of gold - which, in addition, was not recycled.</div> <div> </div> <div>This means that gold worth many hundreds of millions of euros is wasted - each year</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Our calculation shows that that the quantity of gold in end-of-life vehicles is now in the same order of magnitude as the quantity of electrical and electronic scrap. This is an increase that cannot be ignored,&quot; Ljunggren Söderman says.</div> <br /><img src="/en/departments/tme/news/Documents/Maria-L-Soderman_750x340.jpg" alt="Maria-L-Soderman_750x340.jpg" style="margin:5px" /><br /><strong><sup>Charting the gold that is wasted.</sup></strong><sup> The proportion of gold and other critical and scarce metals in vehicles has increased substantially in Europe. &quot;I don't think people are aware that they have such a large part of the periodic table in their cars,&quot; says Maria Ljunggren Söderman at Chalmers.</sup><br /><br /> <div>In general very little of the critical and scarce metals in vehicles is recycled. The major challenge is that they are spread out in small quantities; in a new car, for example, there may be a gram or two of gold distributed over several tens of components.</div> <div> </div> <div>But while the EU has clear requirements for the recycling of precious metals in electrical and electronic equipment, such stipulations are lacking as regards vehicles.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;There are no requirements or incentives for recycling gold from vehicles, but there are clear economic values here that I don't think people have realised the extent of,&quot; she says.</div> <div> </div> <div>She hopes that the research findings will spur on a change.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Automotive manufacturers and the recycling and material industries need to work together to ensure that something happens. It must be possible to do more than at present - after all, this has been achieved with electrical and electronic equipment,&quot; she says.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Having said that, gold is a comparatively low-hanging fruit, and the prospects for recycling other critical and scarce metals are significantly less favourable - from both electronics and electronic equipment and vehicles. If we want to alter this, policy changes may be necessary.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div>On 8 March she will present her research findings at an expert meeting on material trends and climate change within the area of transport, organised by the IEA, the International Energy Agency of the OECD countries. She emphasises that a change towards more recycling of metals is a key part of the EU's efforts to create a more circular economy.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;The critical and scarce metals in our products have increased substantially, and in most cases, we only use them once. This must be addressed, especially because these metals are required for many of the sustainable technological solutions that we currently have on the table,&quot; she says.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">FACTS<br />The database that charts Europe's urban mine</h4> <p></p> <ul><li>In the international EU project Prosum (Prospecting Secondary raw materials in the Urban mine and Mining wastes) 17 parties from universities, research institutes and expert organisations have together surveyed the quantities of critical and scarce metals that can be recycled from Europe's batteries, vehicles and electrical and electronic. The project is funded by the EU's Horizon 2020 research programme.</li> <li>The results are presented in the database called the Urban Mine Platform, which shows the route taken by the critical metals from when they enter the market until they become waste. The intention is to create a knowledge base to reduce the dependency on imports and harness the resources in end-of-life products more effectively.</li> <li>Chalmers Researcher Maria Ljunggren Söderman, from the Division of Environmental Systems Analysis in the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology, has been responsible for the survey of the vehicles in the project. Duncan Kushnir from Lund University and Amund N. Løvik from Empa in Switzerland have also participated in the vehicle survey.</li></ul> <p> <style> , , {margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;} .ExternalClass . {;} @page WordSection1 {size:612.0pt 792.0pt;margin:70.85pt 70.85pt 70.85pt;} .ExternalClass div.WordSection1 {page:WordSection1;} </style> <span></span><strong>Links<br /></strong></p> <p><a href="">Read more about the Prosum project</a><br /><a href="">Read the final report from Prosum</a><br /><a href="">Urban Mine Platform</a><br /><a href=";">Watch the film about the Urban Mine Platform</a><br /><br /></p> <p><strong>A few figures from the report</strong></p> <p></p> <ul><li>In the EU, Norway and Switzerland about 10 million tonnes of electrical and electronic equipment and 2 million tonnes of batteries are disposed of as waste each year, while 14 million tonnes of vehicles leave the fleet.</li> <li>On average every individual in the EU owns 250 kilograms of electrical and electronic equipment, 17 kilograms of batteries and nearly 600 kilograms of vehicles.</li> <li>One single smartphone contains about 40 critical and scarce metals, with a concentration of gold that is 25-30 times higher than in the richest gold ores.</li> <li><div>The EU's, Norway's and Switzerland's vehicle fleets in 2015 contained about 30 tonnes of gold in new vehicles that entered the market, about 400 tonnes of gold in vehicles in use, and about 20 tonnes of gold in vehicles leaving the fleet.</div> <div> </div></li></ul> <p></p> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4"><span></span>FACTS</h4> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Critical and scarce metals</h4> <p><span></span>The Urban Mine Platform charts geochemically scarce metals, which means metals with a low occurrence in the Earth's crust. Many of the metals are also on the EU's critical metals list, which means that they are very significant for Europe's economy, at the same time that the risk of limited availability is high, mainly due to the considerable dependency on imports.<br /></p> <p></p> <p><br /></p>Tue, 06 Mar 2018 12:00:00 +0100 doctorates at Chalmers 2018<p><b>​Industry leader and entrepreneur Marcus Wallenberg is to receive an honorary doctorate at Chalmers University of Technology for his work in promoting several strategically important research initiatives in Sweden. Other recipients are education consultant Ruth Graham, nuclear power expert Lars G Larsson and mathematician Anne Nouri.</b></p><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">​Lars G Larsson</h2> <div>Lars G Larsson's honorary doctorate honours his contributions to nuclear reactor safety in Sweden and abroad. He has held key positions at the Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate and the Federation of Swedish Industry, and launched nuclear research initiatives at institutions such as the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences.</div> <div> </div> <div>Larsson played an active role in upgrading the safety of Russian and Baltic nuclear power plants, for the confinement of the Chernobyl reactor and decontaminating radioactive material from the decommissioned nuclear submarine fleet in Murmansk. For this work he received the 2014 Global Energy Prize, the highest distinction in the energy field, jointly with a Russian scientist. </div> <div> </div> <div>Larsson received his engineering degree at Chalmers in 1963 and went on to earn a licentiate degree in the Reactor Physics department. Since then he remained involved with the university, among other things as an active part of an inspiration programme for students in Applied Physics.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Ruth Graham</h2> <div>Ruth Graham is an independent consultant in engineering education and entrepreneurship. After many years as a mechanical engineer, teacher and researcher, she changed her focus ten years ago to helping technical universities to develop their programmes in order to better equip engineering students for solving the complex challenges of the future. She has consulted for such names as the Royal Academy of Engineering in the UK, Skoltech in Moscow and MIT in Boston.</div> <div> </div> <div>Graham is being awarded an honorary doctorate for her distinguished efforts in developing engineering programmes. With sharp analyses of existing conditions, change processes and results at various seats of learning, she has contributed to successful and sustainable changes in entrepreneurship, the role of teachers and educational qualification systems.</div> <div> </div> <div>Her collaboration with Chalmers began through the CDIO initiative, an international network for developing engineering education. Ruth Graham and Chalmers have inspired each other through the Chalmers model of educational qualifications - a model that is now used worldwide thanks to Graham's work. She has also been the keynote speaker at several conferences at Chalmers.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Marcus Wallenberg</h2> <div>Marcus Wallenberg is a well-known industrial leader and entrepreneur. He is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences and serves or has served on the boards of many major Swedish companies.</div> <div> </div> <div>Alongside his industrial activities, he has also done a lot to support Swedish research. As vice chair of the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation (KAW), he has been a driving force in several of the foundation's strategic research initiatives in recent years, for example the Wallenberg Wood Science Center and the Wallenberg Center for Quantum Technology. These long-term initiatives are strategically vital to Sweden.</div> <div> </div> <div>Through his role on the board, Wallenberg was a key figure in the establishment and operation of the Nanotechnology Laboratory at Chalmers. His involvement in the entire process, from undergraduate education through research to entrepreneurship, inspires students, researchers and instructors alike at Chalmers.</div> <div> </div> <div>Wallenberg is being awarded an honorary doctorate for his entrepreneurship and leadership in research matters. A large part of this is his tireless promotion of the KAW's strategic research initiatives.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Anne Nouri</h2> <div>Anne Nouri is a professor of mathematics at the University of Aix-Marseille in France. Her field of research is applied mathematics, although many of her findings also have great theoretical depth. Most of her work deals with partial differential equations, spanning over an array of models from elastic materials to dilute gases. In fact, dilute gases have been the theme of much of her research in recent years, in a field called gas kinetics.</div> <div> </div> <div>Nouri's honorary doctorate is for her significant contributions to research in the field of kinetics, in which she has also been pivotal in enhancing the collaboration between Chalmers and various universities in France.</div> <div> </div> <div>Nouri's collaboration with the Department of Mathematical Sciences at Chalmers and the University of Gothenburg started in the mid 90's, and has led to a wide range of scientific results and exchanges at the postgraduate level.<br /><br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">About honorary doctorates at Chalmers</h2> <div>The Honorary Doctorate of Engineering at Chalmers is awarded as recognition of a particularly eminent and substantial professional achievement linked to areas of excellence at Chalmers. Recipients should also have a long existing contact network with Chalmers. The Chalmers Faculty Council selects each year's honorary doctorate recipients.</div> <div> </div> <div>The honorary doctorates are awarded at the university's conferment of doctoral degrees on 2 June. The honorary doctors hold their lectures the day before this, 1 June.<br /><br /><strong>Text</strong>: Ingela Roos</div>Thu, 01 Mar 2018 11:00:00 +0100 marks the launch of Chalmers first ever MicroMasters programme<p><b>​Powertrains for vehicles are developing rapidly. The first MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) in the MicroMasters programme introduced by Chalmers University of Technology focuses on the ongoing technology transition. You will not only learn how to design both electric and conventional powertrains, but to analyze their performance.</b></p><p>​– To make you capable of working with many of the interesting challenges in developing future vehicle powertrains, this course will deal with both electric and engine based powertrains, with a focus on how to analyze and design them, says Sven B Andersson who is one of the teachers you will meet in the course.</p> <p>Since the conventional powertrain is dominating today, it makes sense to use this as the starting point for the course &quot;Electric and Conventional Vehicles&quot;. The conventional powertrain has another set of strengths and weaknesses than the electric powertrain. Therefore it is not a question of which powertrain is the best. Rather, it is important to match each vehicle type to a suitable powertrain.</p> <p>– Electric powertrains are becoming more and more used, but also the conventional powertrain is undergoing a strong development, not to mention the electric hybrids. There are several reasons for this, says Anders Grauers who is co-teaching the course. He provides a list of reasons:<br /><br /></p> <ul><li>Concerns for greenhouse gases and air quality in cities have led to more and more stringent emission and fuel economy limits.</li> <li>Lithium Ion batteries have enabled better performance than previous battery technologies.</li> <li>Cost for batteries and electric drive components have dropped drastically in recent years. </li> <li>Also, the first generation of electric vehicles have generally exceeded expectations leaving only a few major concerns, like the cost for providing long driving range and battery life length under harsh conditions. <br /></li></ul> <p><br />– In the ongoing technology transition period, it is important to not only learn how a powertrain is designed now, but to learn methods to analyze and compare different powertrain solution, as the powertrains will continue to develop for many years to come, says Anders Grauers. </p> <p><br /></p> <a href="">Enroll at edX</a><br /><br /><p></p> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Facts about the MOOC Electric and Conventional Vehicles</h4> <div><strong>Start date: </strong></div> <div>1 March 2018</div> <p></p> <p><strong>Teachers: </strong><br /><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/svan.aspx">Sven B. Andersson</a><br />Professor at Combustion and Propulsion Systems <br /><br /><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/anders-grauers.aspx">Anders Grauers</a><br />Associate Professor at department of Electrical Engineering<br />and Powertrain specialist at the Swedish Electromobility Centre </p> <p></p> <div> </div> <div>As well as <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/sedarsky.aspx">David Sedarsky</a> (Combustion and Propulsion Systems), </div> <div>and <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/arvidssr.aspx">Rickard Arvidsson</a> (Volvo Car)</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Chalmers MicroMasters programme</h4> <div>The new MOOC is also part of the MicroMasters programme Emerging Automotive Technologies, which provides learners with a holistic perspective on emerging technologies fostering sustainability and digitalization within the automotive industry through seven courses and a final capstone exam. It represents the equivalent of ca 20 credits of coursework at the Chalmers Master’s programmes Automotive Engineering or Systems, Control and Mechatronics.</div> <div>The programme is an advanced, professional, graduate-level foundation in automotive engineering, developed in cooperation with Volvo Cars, Volvo Group and Zenuity and designed to prepare learners for the careers in-demand today.</div> <p></p> <p><br /><a href="/en/news/Pages/Micromasters-programme.aspx">Read more about the Chalmers MicroMasters programme</a><span id="ms-rterangepaste-end" style="display:inline-block"><br /></span></p> <p><br /></p> <p><strong>Text:</strong> Sofia Larsson-Stern<br /></p>Wed, 28 Feb 2018 00:40:00 +0100 the take-off force to spare the horses<p><b>​When Gothenburg Horse Show 2018 sets off, it’s world premier for the down-dug weight scales, and measures, the students at Chalmers have developed during a year at the university. By measuring the force of the horse jump, they hope to be able to spare the horses.</b></p><p></p> <div>​For the third year in a row, the Gothenburg Horse Show is working with Chalmers University of Technology to determine the ultimate jump trajectory for horses. This year, they’ll be measuring the force of the horses’ take-off and landing through help from the Chalmers students – something that has never been done before. We met large parts of the project group at the Johanneberg campus.<br /><br /></div> <div>– We’re developing a technique to measure the force the horse’s uses in the jump-off and landing, which is big weight scales that we dig down underneath the ground, in front of and after the fence. We want to evaluate how the horses are jumping, in order to optimize their movement and in that way improve the sport, says Alexandra Kettil who’s project manager and at the same time study her fourth year at industrial economy.<br /><br /></div> <div>– We’re trying to use this data to help horses and to help this sport to improve more, says Ammar Kreish who is studying his second year at automation and mechatronics. As a child he rode for five years, and chose last fall to be a part of this project since it’s for the horses best interest.<br /><br /></div> <div>Another one of the student’s in the project, Patrik Jalnäs, is showing us the test sensor they use to simulate a horse’s jump, as the real ones are too big to move around. When his finger covers the light sensor, digital pulses are sent to the computer softwear. <br /><br /></div> <div>– It’s interesting to get the chance to implement the knowledge you get from studying into this. Hopefully the entire procedure will be automatic during the competition, but we’ll be there in case something would go wrong, says Patrik Jalnäs.<br /><br /></div> <div>As in previous years, the audience will see the results directly on the screens in the arena. The findings will be used as additional information which will allow Chalmers’ students to continue analysing jump trajectories.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">About the project </h4> <div>The Chalmers Fence project is the work of Chalmers students who are using their expertise to develop unique measuring systems focusing on the health and well-being of the horses.<br /></div> <div>– We’re continuing to gather new information on how horses actually jump, findings that challenge the traditional image of horse jumping, says Magnus Karlsteen, Associate Professor at Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><br /></div> <div>Many of the students are pleased to be able to combine a passion for horses with their studies.<br /><br /></div> <div>– It’s fun to be a part of a project like this, as it’s not very usual to work with students from other programmes and grades at Chalmers. Horses is also one of my biggest interests and it means a lot being able to work with them in my studies, says Alexandra Kettil. </div> <div> </div> <div>The EuroHorse equestrian fair, taking place at the same time as the Gothenburg Horse Show, will feature jumping obstacles as well as other equestrian research projects.<br /><br /></div> <div>For more information on Chalmers’ equestrian projects, visit: <a href="/en/centres/sportstechnology/research/equestrian-sports/Pages/default.aspx">Equestrian sports at Chalmers</a><br /><a href="/en/centres/sportstechnology/research/equestrian-sports/Pages/default.aspx"></a><br /><a href="/en/centres/sportstechnology/research/equestrian-sports/Pages/default.aspx"></a></div> <div>Read more: <a href="/en/news/Pages/This-years-Chalmers-fence-measures-the-force-of-the-jumps-.aspx">This year's Chalmers fence measures the force of the jumps</a></div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">For more information, please contact: </h4> <div>Magnus Karlsteen</div> <div>Associate Professor in Physics, responsible for Equestrian sports at Chalmers University of Technology</div> <div>+46-73-079 42 47</div> <div><br /><br /><strong>Text:</strong> Sofia Larsson-Stern<br /><strong>Photo and video:</strong> Johan Bodell<br /></div> <p></p>Thu, 22 Feb 2018 17:00:00 +0100