5th of March, day 1
1. Business Models
The interest for city logistics is increasing among small and mid-size cities. However the process from idea to implemented business logistics system providing more environmental friendly urban goods transports is both long and difficult. One of the main barriers is an absence of business models describing division of roles between actors and financial prerequisites for cities, logistics service providers, retailers etc. The session will look into how better business models can support implementation of city logistics in small and mid size cities.
City logistics business models in theory - Mats Abrahamsson and Maria Björklund, Linköping University.
Business models in practice - Birgit Hendriks, Eco2city
Workshop: What should be included in a business model for city logistics?
2. Using open (and big) data to improve urban logistics
Digitalisation of the transport industry is accelerating rapidly. We are now producing vast amounts of (digital) data about products, goods, resources, people, infrastructure and business processes. In an urban environment, where both time and space are scarce resources, there is an ever increasing need to make better and more informed decisions. This session will look into what may come from using Big data and Open data in urban transport.
Big data in freight transport - an outlook
- Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
University of Technology
Open data and its potential
- Daniel Rudmark, Viktoria Swedish ICT
Optimizing Urban Freight with Real Time Big Data today - Jonas Bohman, Mindconnect
3. Urban Freight transport and Urban Form
While it is "natural" to study urban spatial structures and land uses in relation to passenger transport, there has been no comparable research studying the relation between urban freight transport and urban form. First studies suggest that geographical, spatial and land use factors have influences on freight. Freight and logistics activities, conversely, also contribute to the shaping of metropolitan areas. There is a need to better understand these relationships. Urban characteristics and the spatial distribution of freight supply and demand must be better integrated into urban design, planning, land use policies and transport infrastructure development. This session will discuss the contemporary planning challenges for cities and metropolitan areas related to freight, and the important but also difficult relationship between urban development and urban freight. We will look at several spatial scales, including building/street, neighborhood, city-wide, metropolitan and megaregional levels. At each of these levels, we will engage participants into 1. Sharing their knowledge about the relationships between urban freight and urban form (data, maps, observations...); and 2) Identifying planning and institutional challenges as well as best practices contributing to the design of a new planning agenda for urban freight.
Facilitated by: Anna Kaczorowska, Chalmers University of Technology and Laetitia Dablanc, IFSTTAR
4. Cities as living labs
If we consider the lessons from past city logistics initiatives, there is a need for a more rigorous design from several system dimensions (technical, organizational, financial, legal), a need for stronger involvement of all relevant stakeholders and a need for a better connection between R&D and deployment. Can we integrate innovation into the fabric of the city, so that R&D is positioned more at the inside of city logistics processes? Key characteristics of living labs are a cyclical approach towards innovation, shared roadmapping and knowledge production as well as collaborative, continuous experimentation. Although this may sound nice, does it actually work? What is needed to implement a living lab for logistics at the city level? We discuss this topic after 4 short “impulse presentations” from research and practice.
Living labs: a new problem, data and model environment - Lori Tavasszy, TNO/TU Delft
Rotterdam: living lab towards zero emission city logistics in 2020 - Joeri Jongeneel, City of Rotterdam
Identification of dominant stakeholder perspectives in city logistics - Marijn Slabbekoorn, DHL Netherlands
The role of freight behavioral research in living labs - José Holguin Veras, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
6th of March, day 2
5. Consumers’ shopping logistics
Major transformations in retailing and consumption patterns are likely in the near future where the increase in electronic commerce (e-commerce) and mobile commerce (m-commerce) in recent years is just the start. These transformations will include changes in how, when, what and where products and services are bought and consumed. This digititalisation of retailing will also affect the physical stores and also the goods flows in urban environments. In this session, we will discuss this along with consumers’ shopping logistics and how to ensure that shopping trips become more smooth and sustainable in the future city. Consumers perform logistics before, during and after the shopping trips – interacting with the city, the traffic system, vehicles, stores, bags and other consumers. Departing from findings from the research project “Consumer logistics” we discuss different scenarios and possible solutions.
Digitalisation of retailing and goods flows in the city
Catrin Lammgård, School of Business, Economics and Law at Gothenburg University
Ulrika Holmberg, School of Business, Economics and Law at Gothenburg University
6. Assessment methods
In this interactive workshop we let the participants experience decision making in the urban context. Urban logistics initiatives are often planned without taking into account the interest of all urban stakeholders, i.e. the receivers of the goods, the transport companies, the citizens and the municipalities, resulting in problems during the implementation phase. This session introduces two assessment methods that explicitly take the interests of all urban stakeholders into account, i.e. the CUTS method and the multi-actor multi-criteria analysis (MAMCA) method. The importance of the inclusion of different kinds of stakeholders in the planning process is illustrated by means of an assessment exercise of the urban consolidation center project ‘Stadsleveransen’ in Gothenburg.
Facilitated by: Sönke Behrends, Chalmers and Cathy Macharis, Vrije Universiteit Brussels
7. Behavioural models for freight
The freight vehicle traffic that we observe on the streets is the result of the interactions between the multiple agents involved in freight activity (e.g., shippers, carriers, receivers). Unsustainable and inefficient distribution systems are characterised by a strong status quo bias. Practically, all innovative policies (infrastructural, organisational, regulatory, etc.) rely on the idea that freight agents will change their way of doing things; however, there is strong evidence showing that a change will only happen if the solutions proposed are aligned with their interest. Enhancing the efficiency of the freight system requires a solid understanding on how freight agents make decisions, and how they react to public sector policy. This session will look at ideas, methods, and disciplinary approaches to study freight agents’ behaviour, and create opportunities for change to promote an environmentally and financially viable behavioural change. Two introductory presentations will be followed by an open discussion with the attendees:
Freight behavioural modelling and its role on freight demand management
- Ivan Sanchez-Diaz, Chalmers
Innovative policies, value creation and behaviour change
- Edoardo Marcucci, University of Roma Tre