News: Centre CHAIRhttp://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterNews related to Chalmers University of TechnologyFri, 02 Dec 2022 06:24:16 +0100http://www.chalmers.se/sv/nyheterhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/In-the-factory-of-the-future,-humans-and-robots-work-together-on-equal-terms.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/In-the-factory-of-the-future,-humans-and-robots-work-together-on-equal-terms.aspxIn the factory of the future, humans and robots work together on equal terms<p><b>​Soon, people and autonomous transport robots (ATR) will work together. The robots will be given the same opportunities as humans to feel and see the full spectra and thus be able to take greater responsibility for what they do. </b></p><div><img src="/en/departments/e2/news/Documents/ATR.jpg" alt="ATR.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:675px;height:450px" /><br />​Anthony Cavin with Per-Lage Götvall at Volvo.​​   Foto: Volvo Group Truck Operations<br /><br /></div> <div>This can be made possible as researchers at Chalmers and Volvo develop systems of artificial intelligence with cameras, in Volvo's factories, where information from the cameras is the robots' main source of information. Researchers from Chalmers have been working together with Volvo Group Truck Operations (GTO) for a long time and now the vision is starting to become reality.<strong><br /></strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Flexible and advanced technology</strong></div> <div>Admittedly, self-driving trucks are no new news in the automotive industry, but so far, they generally use simple technology – such as following a magnetic loop or a strip of tape on the floor. The control and monitoring of the factory's material flows that Volvo Trucks now outlines will be significantly more flexible and advanced.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/en/departments/e2/news/Documents/Knut_Akesson_220608_5906.jpg" alt="Knut_Akesson_220608_5906.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" style="margin:10px 5px;height:171px;width:245px" />“Fundamentally, it is the need for more environmentally friendly transport that drives the development”, says Knut Åkesson, Professor of Automation at the Department of Electrical Engineering at Chalmers University of Technology and the one who leads the work from Chalmers' side.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Today, it is not a given which technology will replace the diesel engine, and within the Volvo Group, work is being done in parallel to develop several alternatives. Manufacturing trucks with several different powertrains in the same factory means that the amount of components required to manufacture them increases greatly.<span style="background-color:initial">This</span><span style="background-color:initial">, in turn, means that the need to improve the efficiency of internal transport</span></div> <img src="/en/departments/e2/news/Documents/P-L%20foto%202020-01-16_high.jpg" alt="P-L foto 2020-01-16_high.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px;height:212px;width:160px" /><div><span style="background-color:initial"> increases.</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">“H</span><span style="background-color:initial">ere we see that a type of self-driving transport robot can give us the flexibility to use the floor space in the factory in the best way and at the same time also give us the efficiency we must have in our internal transports”, says Per-Lage Götvall, Senior Research Leader at Volvo GTO and the one who leads the work within the Volvo Group.</span><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>For several years, Knut Åkesson and his team have worked closely with the Volvo GTO to develop the GPSS (Generic Photogrammetry based Sensor System), image analysis using machine learning. A collaboration that has been very valuable and fun.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>If the work to develop the GPSS system and its transport robots is as successful as Volvo believes, it will mean a huge change in the factories' internal transport flows, from the traditional &quot;fishbone layout&quot; to more &quot;Just-in-time&quot;. The system is then expected to be implemented in most of Volvo's more than 30 factories worldwide.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Efficiency and safety</strong></div> <div>But it is not a trivial task to create a traffic system where, in the end, hundreds of self-driving transport robots will be able to function efficiently, safely, and friction-free in an environment where people and materials are constantly in motion.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;Compared to normal road traffic, the factory floor still constitutes a limited and controlled environment and just like in traffic, where common rules make everything work, similar principles can also work in factories. This means that all transport robots can be controlled and coordinated by an &quot;omniscient&quot; system”, Knut Åkesson explains.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Planning all material transport in time and space, based on what production requires, is an important part of the system. In addition, it will prevent transport robots from driving in each other's way.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“But then there are all the dynamic obstacles, in the form of people and traditional forklifts, which the system cannot control&quot;, Knut Åkesson adds.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Traffic monitoring systems and machine learning</strong></div> <div><strong><img src="/en/departments/e2/news/Documents/GPSS_pricipls.png" alt="GPSS_pricipls.png" style="margin:10px 20px" /><br /></strong><span style="background-color:initial">This is where the GPSS technology comes in. The idea is that the cameras in the ceiling should detect and classify all static and moving obstacles on the factory floor and thus guide the transport robots to their destination without collisions and accidents. The cameras become the joint &quot;eyes&quot; of the robot fleet.</span><strong><br /></strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;If a human does something unexpected, such as suddenly going to the side, the traffic monitoring system must immediately detect this and ensure that the transport robot that is next to it acts so that an accident is avoided”, says Knut Åkesson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Machine learning</strong></div> <div>What makes a traffic monitoring system like this possible today is the rapid development of computers' ability to interpret images in recent years. This is done with the help of machine learning and so-called artificial neural networks – that is, self-learning algorithms that are gradually trained to cope with their tasks. A bit like the way the human brain works.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;We are also trying to teach the system to predict how people will move in the next few seconds. This means that we can optimize in real time how the robot trucks should move in each unique situation that arises, all based on the information from the cameras&quot;, says Knut Åkesson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Improved working environment and sustainability</strong></div> <div>But how will it feel to be in a work environment where humans and robots work so closely together, and is the fact that Volvo uses cameras something that could become a problem?</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;Since the images and videos generated by the cameras will only be analysed by computers and not at all seen by a human eye, we see the cameras more as &quot;optical sensors&quot; rather than cameras, but of course, basically they are digital cameras we use”, says Per-Lage Götvall.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;In the discussions we have had with union representatives at Volvo, everyone has been positive that Volvo is driving the development. In the project, we are also happy that the relevant personnel categories can be involved in the design of GPSS, and those who are involved are all very positive about what we are doing”, Per-Lage Götvall continues.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Knut adds that the ultimate purpose of &quot;giving eyes to the factory&quot; is to be able to control it better and thus also to make it cooperate better between the people and robots who work there.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;One could see it as a matter of improved working environment and thus also as a question of sustainability”, says Knut Åkesson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;Optimisation of logistics is also important from a sustainability perspective. The aim is to consume as few resources as possible. For example, the transport robots must drive the shortest possible route and thus minimise energy consumption” Knut Åkesson continues.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Test environment</strong></div> <strong> </strong><div>Much of the algorithm development that the researchers work with takes place in a part of Volvo Trucks' factory in Tuve on Hisingen called the Pilot plant - a kind of experimental factory in the factory where new products and manufacturing methods are tested and developed.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>There, the researchers can test that the transport robots really behave in the way that the increasingly refined algorithms aim for in a realistic environment.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Knut Åkesson believes that it will take a few years before Volvo Trucks is ready to introduce the new logistics system into production.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;The idea is that it should be able to be introduced in small steps. First in the pilot plant, then in a smaller part of the factory and finally in the entire truck factory”, says Knut Åkesson.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Per-Lage Götvall adds:</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;Since it is a completely new technology and a new way of &quot;socialising&quot; with autonomous robots, the &quot;precautionary principle&quot; requires that we take small steps and continuously evaluate what is happening. As part of this, we have industrial doctoral student Atieh Hanna. Her area of research is to see how we can develop safe but efficient systems and methods for workgroups where autonomous robots are included as a natural part&quot;.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>About the collaboration</strong></div> <strong> </strong><div>The collaboration between Chalmers and Volvo Trucks has been going on during various project phases since autumn 2019 and has involved a handful of senior researchers, three doctoral students and a large number of students at master’s and bachelor's level. <span style="background-color:initial">For Chalmers, the current project period runs until summer 2023, but a continuation cannot be ruled out.</span></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Facts</strong></div> <div><ul><li>The collaboration between Chalmers and Volvo AB regarding the truck factory of the future is part of the long-term partnership that was renewed for another three years at the latest in February 2022.</li> <li>The project now continues at Chalmers under the name AIMCor (AI-enhanced Mobile Manipulation Robot for Core Industrial Applications).</li> <li>Initiator and main manager at Volvo Trucks is Per-Lage Götvall, Senior Research Leader at the company.</li> <li>Researchers and engineers at Volvo who are involved in the development of GPSS are Associate Professor Kristoffer Bengtsson, Adamya Shukla, industrial doctoral students Erik Brorsson and Atieh Hanna.</li> <li>Chalmers researchers who are or have been involved include, in addition to Knut Åkesson, Yiannis Karayiannidis and Emmanuel Dean, as well as the three doctoral students Sabino Francesco Roselli, Ze Zhang, Endre Eres and Martin Dahl, who recently publicly defended his doctoral thesis.</li></ul></div> <div><br /></div> <span style="background-color:initial"></span><div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Written by: Sandra Tavakoli</span><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>For more information, contact:</strong></span></div> <div><strong>Knut Åkesson</strong>, Professor <span style="background-color:initial">of Automation at the Department of Electrical Engineering, Chalmers</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><span style="background-color:initial">University of Technology</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">knut.akesson@chalmers.se​</span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><strong>Per-Lage Götvall</strong>, </span><span style="background-color:initial">Senior Research Leader, Volvo Trucks</span></div> <div>per-lage.gotvall@volvo.com<span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div>Mon, 28 Nov 2022 09:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/Great-interest-for-organizing-CHAIR-themes.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/Great-interest-for-organizing-CHAIR-themes.aspxGreat interest for organizing CHAIR themes<p><b>​17 applications to the CHAIR themes call had come in when deadline for applying for the CHAIR-themes had passed. “We are really happy to see this great interest in CHAIR. It proves that people want to be part of the exciting times ahead”, says CHAIR director Daniel Gillblad.</b></p>​The CHAIR themes are where Chalmers researchers will be able to get the possibility to organize strategic research themes within CHAIR, addressing key challenges within AI. Daniel Gillblad, CHAIR director is happily surprised to see that there were much more applications than was expected. <img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/CHAIR/news/Great%20interest%20for%20AI%20themes/Daniel%20Gillblad%20120x125.png" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />“We knew that the opportunity we offer is really beneficial for the AI research community, but 17 applications were more than we had expected. We now have a pleasant problem to choose and matchmake between lots of interesting proposals”, says Daniel Gillblad. <br /><br />The proposals cover a wide range of research field, and cover all of CHAIR’s research tracks AI Foundations, AI Applications and AI for Science. <br /><br />“We are working on finding the strategically best options for our themes. A few will remain like in the application and a few may be merged and become a collaboration between different applicants” says Daniel Gillblad. <br /><br />This spring will be an exciting new beginning for AI research at Chalmers with lots of collaboration opportunities. Watch out for CHAIR themes’ activities such as webinars and workshops!  <br /><br /> Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/bio/news/Pages/AI-tailors-DNA-for-future-drug-development.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/bio/news/Pages/AI-tailors-DNA-for-future-drug-development.aspxAI tailors DNA for future drug development<p><b>​With the help of an AI, researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have succeeded in designing synthetic DNA that controls the cells' protein production.  The technology can contribute to the development and production of vaccines, drugs for severe diseases, as well as alternative food proteins much faster and at significantly lower costs than today. ​</b></p><div>​<span style="background-color:initial">How our genes are expressed is a process that is fundamental to the functionality of cells in all living organisms. Simply put, the genetic code in DNA is transcribed to the molecule messenger RNA (mRNA), which tells the cell's factory which protein to produce and in which quantities.</span></div> <div>Researchers have put a lot of effort into trying to control gene expression because it can, among other things, contribute to the development of protein-based drugs. A recent example is the mRNA vaccine against Covid-19, which instructed the body's cells to produce the same protein found on the surface of the coronavirus. The body's immune system could then learn to form antibodies against the virus. Likewise, it is possible to teach the body's immune system to defeat cancer cells or other complex diseases if one understands the genetic code behind the production of specific proteins. </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">&quot;The DNA controls the quantity of a specific protein&quot;</h2> <div> </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/Bio/SysBio/Aleksej%20Zelezniak.jpg" alt="Aleksej Zelezniak" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px 15px" />Most of today's new drugs are protein-based, but the techniques for producing them are both expensive and slow, because it is difficult to control how the DNA is expressed.  Last year, a research group at Chalmers, led by <strong>Aleksej Zelezniak,</strong> Associate Professor of Systems Biology, took an important step in understanding and controlling how much of a protein is made from a certain DNA sequence.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;First it was about being able to fully ‘read’ the DNA molecule's instructions. Now we have succeeded in designing our own DNA that contains the exact instructions to control the quantity of a specific protein&quot;, says Aleksej Zelezniak about the research group's latest important breakthrough. </div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">DNA molecules made-to-order</h2> <div> </div> <div>The principle behind the new method is similar to when an AI generates faces that look like real people. By learning what a large selection of faces looks like, the AI can then create completely new but natural-looking faces. It is then easy to modify a face by, for example, saying that it should look older, or have a different hairstyle. On the other hand, programming a believable face from scratch, without the use of AI, would have been much more difficult and time-consuming. Similarly, the researchers' AI has been taught the structure and regulatory code of DNA. The AI then designs synthetic DNA, where it is easy to modify its regulatory information in the desired direction of gene expression. </div> <div> </div> <div>Simply put, the AI is told how much of a gene is desired and then  ‘prints’ the appropriate DNA sequence. </div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/Bio/SysBio/Jan%20Zrimec_200%20px.jpg" alt="Jan Zrimec" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" style="margin:5px 15px" />“DNA is an incredibly long and complex molecule. It is thus experimentally extremely challenging to make changes to it by iteratively reading and changing it, then reading and changing it again. This way it takes years of research to find something that works. Instead, it is much more effective to let an AI learn the principles of navigating DNA. What otherwise takes years is now shortened to weeks or days”, says first author <strong>Jan Zrimec</strong>, a research associate at the National Institute of Biology in Slovenia and past postdoc in Aleksej Zelezniak’s group.</div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2"></h2> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Efficiant development of proteins<span></span></h2> <p class="chalmersElement-P">The researchers have developed their method in the yeast <em>Saccharomyces cerevisiae</em><span>, whose cells resemble mammalian cells. The next step is to use human cells. The researchers have hopes that their progress will have an impact on the development of new as well as existing drugs.</span></p> <div> </div> <div>&quot;Protein-based drugs for complex diseases or alternative sustainable food proteins can take many years and can be extremely expensive to develop. Some are so expensive that it is impossible to obtain a return on investment, making them economically nonviable. With our technology, it is possible to develop and manufacture proteins much more efficiently so that they can be marketed&quot;, says Aleksej Zelezniak.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text: </strong>Karin Wik<br /><strong>Illustration: </strong>Unsplash &amp; Pixabay</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Read the study:</strong> <span style="background-color:initial"><a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-022-32818-8">Controlling gene expression with deep generative design of regulatory DNA</a></span></div> <div> </div> <div><ul><li><span style="background-color:initial">T</span><span style="background-color:initial">he authors of the study are Jan Zrimec, Xiaozhi Fu, Azam Sheikh Muhammad, Christos Skrekas, Vykintas </span><span style="background-color:initial">Ja</span><span style="background-color:initial">uniskis</span><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span style="background-color:initial">, N</span><span style="background-color:initial">ora K. Speicher, Christoph S. Börlin, Vilhelm Verendel, Morteza Haghir Chehreghani, Devdatt Dubhashi, Verena Siewers, Florian David, Jens Nielsen and Aleksej Zelezniak.</span></li> <li><span style="background-color:initial"></span>The researc<span style="background-color:initial">her are active at Chalmers University of Technology,  National Institute of Biology, Slovenia; Biomatter Designs, Lithuania; Institute of Biotechnology, Lithuania; BioInnovation Institute, Denmark; King’s College London, UK.</span></li></ul></div> <div> </div> <div><strong>For more information, please contact:</strong> </div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/alezel.aspx">Aleksej Zelezniak</a>, Associate Professor, Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, +46 31 772 81 71, aleksej.zelezniak@chalmers.se</div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div> <div> </div> <div></div> <div> </div> <div>​<br /></div> <div> </div> ​Thu, 24 Nov 2022 07:00:00 +0100https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/ict/news/Pages/Cryptography-and-security-in-focus-for-the-new-Assistant-Professor-.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/ict/news/Pages/Cryptography-and-security-in-focus-for-the-new-Assistant-Professor-.aspxCryptography and security in focus for the new Assistant Professor<p><b>&quot;I am attracted by the open discussion climate and look forward to forming a new team in cryptography,&quot; says Elena Pagnin, one of Chalmers's 15 new research talents.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">For the fifth time, Chalmers has made a major investment in attracting sharp research talents from all corners of the world. The campaign was very successful; nearly 2,000 eligible people applied for the 15 positions as Assistant Professors.</span><div><div><br /></div> <div>&quot;It is extremely gratifying to see the large interest in Chalmers internationally and that so many research talents want to come to Chalmers to build their future career,&quot; says <b>Anders Palmqvist</b>, Vice President of Research.</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Security a significant challenge</h3> <div>One of the 15 is <b>Elena Pagnin</b>, Assistant Professor with a focus on <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptography" title="link to wikipedia">cryptography</a>. Her position is linked to the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Area of Advance, and director <b>Erik Ström</b> welcomes her warmly:</div> <div>“Security, in a broad sense, is one of the major societal challenges of our time. With the recruitment of Elena, Chalmers' competence in cyber security, specifically in cryptography, is strengthened. I expect Elena to advance the research front in crypto as well as drive cross-disciplinary research on effective cryptographic solutions for security problems in e.g., transport, health and technology, production, and energy.”</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"><span>Loving the science</span></h3> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Elena Pagnin will work at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering (CSE), a familiar place since her time as a PhD student at Chalmers. After a few years as a postdoctoral researcher in Aarhus, Denmark, and Associate Senior Lecturer in Lund, she is looking forward to her new job:</span><br /></div> <div>&quot;I love cryptography and provable security. My primary focus will be on the design of digital signature schemes with advanced properties such as homomorphic signatures, extendable ring signatures, and signatures with flexible verification. I will also work on efficient and privacy-preserving protocols for concrete use cases including location proximity testing, server-aided data sharing, and secure data deduplication.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">​A rising star</h3> <div>The Head of Department <span style="background-color:initial">of Computer Science and Engineering</span><span style="background-color:initial">, </span><b style="background-color:initial">Richard Torkar</b><span style="background-color:initial">, is thrilled that Elena accepted the offer to come back to Chalmers and create her own research group:</span></div> <span></span><div></div> <div>&quot;Dr Pagnin complements our cybersecurity environment well, and given her credentials, we expect her to succeed greatly in the years to come. I am personally convinced that one day she will become one of our brightest stars. I look forward to following her career in the years to come.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Open climate and visibility</h3> <div>Elena says that she was drawn back by the vibrant and lively environment at Chalmers and that there is an open climate for discussions about interdisciplinary research:</div> <div>&quot;People are positive and I appreciate the honest advice I get from the network. In addition, Chalmers' visibility, not only in Sweden but also internationally, is a bonus.&quot;</div> <div>&quot;And now, I look forward to establishing a new team of cryptographers in Sweden. We can do that, mainly because of the good cooperation within Chalmers and with our close contacts in the industrial sector,&quot; concludes Elena Pagnin.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://epagnin.github.io/" target="_blank" title="link to Elenas personal webpage"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more </a></div> <div><br /></div> ​<br /></div> ​Wed, 19 Oct 2022 03:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/cse/news/Pages/next_generation_of_self-driving_cars.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/cse/news/Pages/next_generation_of_self-driving_cars.aspx​This is how the next generation of self-driving cars will be equipped<p><b>​At the tech company Asymptotic AI, a research project is currently underway to create safer systems for self-driving cars and assistance systems. The project uses a car with six different cameras and a laser scanner that measures distances to objects. The car drives around Gothenburg and collects data for machine learning.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">Yinan Yu is assistant professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering and one of the co-founders of Asymptotic AI, which has a close connection to the Chalmers research center.</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>”It is important to use several systems that complement each other for data collection and analysis, because the systems have different purposes and characteristics” says Yinan Yu.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>”Perception, i.e. the brain's handling and interpretation of information, is the basis of the entire system. Because if you can't see, there's no chance you can make the right decision. For the perception part, you need two things: you need to see and you need to understand what you see”  she says.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Are the recorded videos saved afterwards, or are they only used while the car is being driven?</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div>“The usual thing when you have self-driving vehicles that film the surroundings is that you save the recordings to use them for development purposes. The analysis of data is crucial for quality and very important for security. But larger volumes of data collection and further AI development are needed before self-driving vehicles can be used” says Yinan Yu.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“There are many scenarios that can become very critical in the automotive industry, where you have no room to allow yourself to fail. That's why self-driving vehicles haven't been put on the roads yet, we don't really have control over them” she says.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What are the risks of this type of project?</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div>“GDPR is something that must be taken into account, for example. Filming and recording people on the street is clearly an invasion of privacy, but since we drive around with cameras on the car, filming people cannot be avoided. One solution could be to have clear information on the car that people are being recorded” says Yu.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“We have also constructed an anonymization software that blurs both people's faces and the number plates caught on film. But sometimes it's not enough to just blur people's faces, you can still recognize them based on their body shape, clothes and other things”</div> <div><br /></div> <div>There are several anonymization programs that Asymptotic AI uses in its research and product development. The programs can for example erase an entire body, and according to Professor Yu, the development of new versions of these programs is a necessary step.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>One-sided information and legislation create challenges</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Something that is still not mapped out is what the consequences could be of collecting, analyzing and saving recordings of people out on the streets. The legislation surrounding this type of recording is not fully developed, leaving room for uncertainty.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Another challenge Yun sees is that AI easily builds bias into the data used.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>“In addition to it being a question of having a representation that should correspond to reality, there are also security aspects linked to bias in the data. Problems can arise if the needs of all groups in society are not included when building a safe city and vehicle assistance system” she says.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>What is the most interesting part of AI in the automotive industry?</strong></div> <div><br /></div> <span style="background-color:initial">“I think it's fantastic that technology develops so quickly. There are so many people nowadays working on the combination of AI and vehicles and it is really progressing” says  Yu.</span><div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div>Written by Agnes Ekstrand and Camilla Jara</div>Tue, 18 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/Successful-kick-off-for-the-CHAIR-Faculty-.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/Successful-kick-off-for-the-CHAIR-Faculty-.aspxSuccessful kick off for the CHAIR Faculty<p><b>​​The room was crowded when Chalmers AI Research Centre held its first faculty meeting. About 80 researchers from most departments took part of the coming plans of the research centre. </b></p>Chalmers AI Research Centre (CHAIR) is entering the next phase where community building and upscaling is in focus. The kick off, September 22 at A working lab, Campus Johanneberg, was the launch of a new way of working for the centre. <br />  <br />“I am pleased to see the great interest shown by the participants. It gives us a good feeling of the time forward, building the AI community here at Chalmers”, says CHAIR Director Daniel Gillblad. <br />  <br />The participants were presented the plans for empowering the AI research at Chalmers. <br />  <br />Tracks and themes <br />As a base for all AI research at Chalmers, the centre has decided on three tracks, AI Foundations, AI for Science and AI Applications. Within these tracks there will be several CHAIR-supported thematic programmes, themes, proposed and organized by applicants from the CHAIR Faculty. The themes initiate activities like workshops, seminars, international exchanges, and larger grant proposals, funded by the centre. <br />  <br /><div>More about the three tracks <a href="/en/centres/chair/research/Pages/default.aspx">here</a> <br /></div> <div>Engage in the themes <a href="/en/centres/chair/opportunities/Pages/default.aspx">here</a></div> <div>Read the main presentation of the plans forward <a href="https://chalmersuniversity.box.com/s/tu68o9h5y8uga2ejbfp18jmr7vsf6nm8">here</a><br /></div>Thu, 29 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/health/news/Pages/Microwave-research-is-taking-big-steps-forward.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/areas-of-advance/health/news/Pages/Microwave-research-is-taking-big-steps-forward.aspx​Microwave research is taking big steps forward with CE marking and new grants<p><b>​The region's world-leading medical technology research, which includes microwave technology and AI, and which is led by Chalmers together with Sahlgrenska University Hospital (SU) and Sahlgrenska Academy (SA), is now taking big steps forward.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">In part, the research groups involved have recently received three more grants totaling SEK 15 million, but the big news is that the solution for stroke detection, the so-called The MD100 Strokefinder, which is owned by the Gothenburg company Medfield Diagnostics AB, received the long-awaited CE marking at the end of June. The MD100 Strokefinder thus becomes the first market-approved and procurable product resulting from this regionally important research and which is based on strong local cooperation between experts in healthcare, academia and industry.</span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>The grants of SEK 15 million received consist of funds from two VR applications and a grant from the Swedish Armed Forces.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Areas%20of%20Advance/Health/Udda%20format/Hana-och-Andreas.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Andreas Fhager, research leader and department head for medical technology at the Department of Electrical Engineering at Chalmers, is very satisfied.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;It is truly amazing and an extremely significant milestone that we now have a first product on the market, while other branches of our research receive more funding so that we can develop and apply the techniques in new clinical areas. What we will now concentrate on in terms of research is hyperthermic treatment of cancer, trauma detection in the head, abdomen and chest, as well as detection of breast cancer and intramuscular bleeding. The successes we have now are the fruit of the close and exceptionally good cooperation we have built up with SU and SA over the past decade,&quot; says Andreas, who was also awarded the Henry Wallman prize in 2021 for his efforts.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>As a key person in our new SahlBEC Lab, Andreas sees great value in continuing the close collaboration with both SU and SA and how the lab will facilitate the joint work to research more products based on the needs and requirements specifications of care and which can increase patient benefit and efficiency in healthcare.<br /><br /><strong>Read more</strong><br /><br /></div> <div><div><a href="https://www.medfielddiagnostics.com/medfield-diagnostics-ab-publ-has-received-the-ce-certificate-for-md100-strokefinder-swe/">CE certificate for MD100 Strokefinder</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href="https://www.medtechwest.se/featured/fhager-wins-innovation-prize/">Henry Wallman's prize 2021 to Andreas Fhager</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Text: </strong><a href="https://www.medtechwest.se/">MedTech West</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><em>Caption: Hana Dobsicek Trefna, Associate Professor in the Biomedical Electromagnetics research group, and Andreas Fhager, Associate Professor, research leader and head of department for medical technology, both at the Department of Electrical Engineering at Chalmers.</em></div></div> <div> </div> <div><br /></div>Tue, 16 Aug 2022 12:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/How-VR-technology-may-optimize-maritime-safety.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/How-VR-technology-may-optimize-maritime-safety.aspxHow VR technology may optimize maritime safety<p><b>​“VR technology is an engaging tool that can be used in a naturalistic way in maritime training to increase competence and safety on board, without a risk of accident, injury or environmental challenges,” says Scott MacKinnon, professor of maritime studies at Chalmers. Now, the technical university has been examining how these technologies can be incorporated into the curriculum for master mariner students. A first step is to help build a massive database as part of an international data collection project. The purpose? To create industry specific VR technologies that may optimize safety and efficiency in shipping. </b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">The Department of Mechanics and Maritime Studies at Chalmers University of Technology has one of Sweden's most comprehensive simulator centers for research and education in shipping. In a realistic bridge environment with projected surrounding sea area, future Master Mariners are trained to navigate ships at sea in an efficient and safe manner. But soon the school’s maritime programs are about to become even more virtual – and thus making it one of the first of its kind. Recently, the Unit for Maritime studies entered a collaboration with <a href="https://marisot.turkuamk.fi/">MarISOT, &quot;Maritime Immersive Safe Ocean&quot;​</a>, a Finnish project that uses AI and machine learning to develop VR and AR solutions for the field of shipping.<br /><br /></span><div>“By using VR technology in maritime education, students can be trained to deal with challenging scenarios that may occur at sea - for example, if the ship were to end up in heavy traffic, or if there’s an engine failure, or perhaps a cyberattack targeting the ship. Using this sort of technology, we may increase safety and ensure that this type of challenges don’t lead to accidents. In addition, it also provides a great platform to test new navigation technologies before being put to use in real traffic,” says ​Scott MacKinnon, professor of maritime studies at Chalmers.<br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Unique data collection using VR and simulators </h2> <div>As part of the MarISOT collaboration, Chalmers' undergraduate master mariner students are now assisting in collecting massive amounts of data to improve machine learning algorithms and thus making the VR technologies better for teaching and research activities in the field.</div> <div>The data collection consists of so-called synthetic data retrieved from a VR simulator developed within the MarISOT project and on loan at the unit for Maritime studies. In a realistic bridge and sea environment - and wearing VR glasses - the students get to experience virtual scenarios that may occur while at sea.<br /><br /></div> <div>“The main scenario was to navigate a ship according to a given route in open seas while avoiding other ships. A fairly ordinary day at sea, in other words,” explains Reto Weber, lecturer at Maritime Sciences at Chalmers.</div> <div>The participants' reactions and actions turn into valuable data that will be used to train algorithms to develop VR and AR programs for educating maritime students in the future – and subsequently also increasing competence and safety on board. <br /><br /></div> <div>“The VR glasses were not only used to visualize a given scenario, but with the help of so-called &quot;eye-tracking&quot; we were also able to obtain data on where the participants looked, for how long, and which functions were used in the equipment - radar, telegraph, control and so on. In addition, the researchers in MarISOT aim to measure changes in pupil size for a given scenario, which may indicate whether the person in question was stressed or not,” says Reto Weber.</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">VR-based learning for future shipping </h2> <div>As part of the project, senior maritime students have been functioning as instructors, thus training more junior students to maneuver ships from the simulator bridge in the VR-based exercises. The approach has come to be known as Student Based Simulator Training (SBST) and aims to not only let VR technology permeate the pedagogy as well as the technical competence, but also give them skills in communication, leadership, problem solving, organization and creativity in an increasingly digitized and AI -based shipping.</div> <div>While VR and AR are technologies that have already been integrated in a range of industries - such as in the aviation and energy industry - this is considered one of the world's first projects of its kind in the maritime education and research area. <br /><br /></div> <div>“With huge amounts of data, we may significantly improve the machine learning algorithms and thus make the VR technology better and more mature for teaching and research in shipping,” says Scott MacKinnon.<br /><br /></div> <div>For more information: <a href="/en/staff/Pages/Scott-MacKinnon.aspx">Scott MacKinnon </a>scottm@chalmers.se +46-31-7721465 or </div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/reto-weber.aspx">Reto Weber</a> reto.weber@chalmers.se +46-31-7723884</div> <div>Read more <a href="https://marisot.turkuamk.fi/">about MarISOT here</a></div> <div><br /></div> ​Text: Lovisa HåkanssonTue, 16 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Autonomous-drone-system-could-save-lives-at-sea.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Autonomous-drone-system-could-save-lives-at-sea.aspxAutonomous drone system could save lives at sea<p><b>​In recent years, thousands of refugees and migrants have fled across the seas as a result of humanitarian crises around the world. A team from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, is now developing a fully autonomous drone system that can increase the efficiency and speed of response in rescue operations at sea.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">In the context of refugee crises and migratory flows, the sea has been a recurrent and risky route. Travelling on fragile or overloaded vessels has led to people losing their lives at sea. In the project <em>‘Quadcopter, fixed-wing and marine drones for search and rescue</em>’, a team at Chalmers is developing a new kind of fully automated system for search and rescue operations. The system relies on water and air-based drones working together, using a communication system to independently search an area, alert authorities to people in distress and provide basic assistance before crewed rescue vehicles have arrived.</span><h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Drone systems working together have the potential to save more lives</h2> <div>The drone system consists of three components working together: a marine catamaran drone called Seacat, which serves as a base for the other drones, a fleet of winged aerial drones that monitor the surrounding area, and a quadcopter that can approach people in distress and deliver items such as supplies, healthcare aids or flotation devices. The quadcopter – a drone that has four engines and therefore the ability to hover – can carry loads weighing up to about two kilograms.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/M2/Nyheter/sjösättning%20drönare%20300x350.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px 15px" /><br /></div> <div><strong>&quot;The project is based on the simple principle</strong> that different drones have different advantages, and by allowing several different types of autonomous drones to work together, search efficiency and rescue response speed can be significantly improved, with the potential to save more lives,&quot; says <strong>Xin Zhao</strong>, post-doc in the Fluid Mechanics Division at Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Tomas Grönstedt,</strong> Professor in the Fluid Dynamics Division, says:</div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;In addition, the system could – in principle – be linked to any public service or to volunteers who could provide some form of assistance.&quot;</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Automatic battery charging and launching the next stage</h2> <div>The marine drone,<strong> Seacat</strong>, provides an internet uplink as well as a local communication link that is used to coordinate the flying drones. It also includes a launch pad for the fixed-wing drones. All airborne drones are equipped with cameras and a positioning system. All drones can move fully autonomously – the marine drone follows a predefined route with a closed loop. Fixed-wing drones are automatically assigned to search areas according to an intelligent algorithm that makes best use of the number of drones available. When a fixed-wing drone detects objects in the water, the quadcopter is sent to the scene to take pictures. The photographs can then be sent to a rescue centre on land via the marine drone. The rescue centre, for its part, can send out the quadcopter with supplies. When one of the winged drones runs out of battery, it is taken out of service and lands in the water near the Seacat drone, where it can be picked up and recharged automatically, and then sent out again.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>‘&quot;So far, we have succeeded in carrying</strong> out a quadcopter landing on Seacat, and the winged drones have been built and are in the process of being assessed,&quot; says <strong>Ola Benderius</strong>, Associate Professor in the Vehicle Engineering and Autonomous Systems Division, who has also led the project.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>‘&quot;As part of a continuation of the project, we will put the system together and test it in its entirety out at sea.&quot;</div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More about the project</h3> <div>The drone system has been developed in collaboration between the Vehicle Mechanics and Autonomous Systems Division and the Fluid Dynamics Division of the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The marine drone and the winged drones are designed from scratch, built and tested at Chalmers.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The team includes Tomas Grönstedt, Xin Zhao, Isak Jonsson and Carlos Xisto from the Fluid Dynamics Division, Ola Benderius from the Vehicle Mechanics and Autonomous Systems Division of the Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Leif Eriksson from the Earth Sciences and Remote Sensing Division of the Department of Space, Earth and Environment and Christian Berger from the Software Engineering Division of the Department of Computer Science and Engineering.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The project is being run within Chalmers’ research infrastructure Revere, with funding from the Transport Area of Advance. The project will come to an end in September 2022.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>For more information, please contact</strong></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">​Ola </span><span style="background-color:initial">Be</span><span style="background-color:initial">nderius</span><span style="background-color:initial">, Associate Professor, Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences,</span><br /></div> <span style="background-color:initial">+46 (0)31 772 20 86, ola.benderius@chalmers.se</span>Mon, 01 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/CHAIR’s-first-AI-semester-starting-this-autumn.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/CHAIR%E2%80%99s-first-AI-semester-starting-this-autumn.aspxCHAIR’s first AI semester starting this autumn<p><b>​World-leading Data Scientists are gathered at Chalmers this autumn for a series of workshops dealing with the fundamentals of Machine Learning and Data Science. Ashkan Panahi, Assistant Professor at the department of Data Science and Engineering leads the planning. p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {margin:0cm;font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;} .MsoChpDefault {font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;} div.WordSection1 {page:WordSection1;} </b></p>​In the autumn of 2022, the CHAIR-funded initiative AI Semester has its first trial. The international acclaimed scientist and centre figure in Data Science, <a href="https://ee.caltech.edu/people/hassibi">Babak Hassibi</a>, <a href="https://www.caltech.edu/">California Institute of Technology</a>, will host activities such as workshops, meetings and other knowledge sharing events. <br /><br />“We hope that the semester can connect Chalmers researchers from different parts of Data Science with internationally acclaimed researchers and form new directions of research”, says <a href="/en/staff/Pages/ashkanp.aspx">Ashkan Panahi</a>, who is managing the project.<br /><br />“The idea of the theme semester is to gather leading researchers in a certain area during a period. We bring them to Chalmers and create a hot zone of research activities hoping that this will lead to more problems, give us the right questions, and more international collaborations”, says Ashkan Panahi. <br /><br />The topic for the semester is foundational and theoretical aspects of AI in general and machine learning in particular. The semester may lead to joint proposals, new projects, and long-term collaborations with Babak Hassabi and other visiting international researchers. <br /><br />“Machine learning and Data Science is becoming very popular. It might revolutionize most industries in a few years, especially within communication and sensor data processing. But apart from the technologies, theories also need to be developed”, says Ashkan Panahi.<br /><br />The two main questions of the theme semester are exchanging knowledge regarding the theorization of machine learning and AI and also generate new questions from a practical point of view especially in communication and processing of data from sensors.<br /><br />The semester starts in August and ends in November in which Babak Hassibi will be present at Chalmers for five weeks divided in three periods. Also, other international visitors will be present for at least a week. <br /><div>The semester is open for anyone to attend and there will also be opportunities to have sessions with Babak Hassibi in smaller groups.</div> <br />“Fundamental questions and theory about AI is what this is about. Is that your interest, then this might be interesting for you”, says Ashkan Panahi. Thu, 07 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/AI-for-climate-policy-.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/AI-for-climate-policy-.aspxAI for climate policy<p><b>EU’s Horizon Europe programme, with its focus on societal impact, is a fast-track to get your research out to society. Adel Daoud is one of the Chalmers researchers that recieved EU-funding after support from Chalmers AI Research Centre.</b></p><div>​<span style="background-color:initial">What can be seen from above can tell us much about our behaviour. By looking at satellite images from years back and compare with today can show how political decisions and financial policy impacts society in the long run. For <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/daoud.aspx">Adel Daoud</a>, Affiliate Docent, <a href="/en/departments/cse/research/dsai/Pages/default.aspx">Data Science and AI</a> division at the <a href="/en/departments/cse/Pages/default.aspx">Department of Computer Science and Engineering</a>, the impact aspect of his science is important. Working in a mix between social science and technology, makes his research quite unique.<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Centrum/CHAIR/news/AI%20for%20climate%20policy/Adel-Daoud-3.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:237px;height:237px" /> He now recievs funding from EU-sprogram Horizon Europe to participate in a project.<br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"></span></div> <span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span><div><br /></div> <div>“Getting engaged in an EU-project is both a way for further funding, but also to reach commercialisation and social entrepreneurship and impact for my research”, says Adel Daoud. <span></span></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Chalmers AI Research Centre offers support for AI researchers at Chalmers to find and apply to <a href="https://ec.europa.eu/info/research-and-innovation/funding/funding-opportunities/funding-programmes-and-open-calls/horizon-europe_en">Horizon Europe</a> calls and it was with this support Adel Daould found the right call and also found the right consoritum which led to an approved application. <br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div> The EU is investing more than ever in climate mitigation and adaptation and the centre wants to see more Chalmers researchers getting engaged in the programme. </div> <div>AI is essential in many of Horizon Europe’s calls, and Adel Daoud combines it with utilizing the European satellite programme <a href="https://www.copernicus.eu/en">Copernicus</a>. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>“My combination of research fields combined with the so many specific calls within the EU makes it hard to find the perfect matching call. Getting support from CHAIR and their team of experts in the beginning of my EU-journey has really been key for me”, says Adel Daoud.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The work led to an application to the call that the centre’s experts had detected. The consortium that Adel Daoud is now engaged in, led by a Finnish university, will start the work this autumn.<br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>“My ambition now is to get experience to later coordinate coming European projects”, says Adel Daoud.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>In the project Adel Daoud will explore the effect political decisions have had on climate, using AI-algorithms and image recognition on satellite images in Europe and Africa. He will concretise what effect policy has on the balance between industrial development vs the energy transition. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>EU-support funding through Chalmers AI Research Centre did a first round in 2021/2022. It resulted in applications to Horizon Europe for three research teams. The centre will now take the next step in EU-support and include it in new centre activities that will start in the autumn of 2022. ​<br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Read more about Adel Daoud's research <a href="/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/Measuring-poverty-through-satellite-images.aspx">here</a>.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><strong>Text:</strong> Mats Tiborn<br /></div>Tue, 31 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/Chalmers-researchers-join-Young-Academy-of-Sweden.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/Chalmers-researchers-join-Young-Academy-of-Sweden.aspxChalmers researchers join Young Academy of Sweden <p><b>Two researchers at Chalmers University of Technology are amongst the six new members of the Young Academy of Sweden presented today. Jessica Jewell, whose research focuses on the transition to a fossil free energy system, and Adel Daoud, who uses AI to study measures to end poverty in African communities.  </b></p><div><div>The Young Academy of Sweden The Academy was founded in 2011 at the initiative of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Each member elected for a period of five years. Those who wish to apply should have taken their PhD degree no more than ten years ago. </div></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Jessica Jewell</h3> <div> </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/Jessica-Jewell-200.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><div>Jessica Jewell is Associate professor in energy transformation at the division of Physical Resource Theory, the Department of Space, Earth and Environment at Chalmers University of Technology:</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">&quot;Scientists have figured out how to save the climate in mathematical models but can we do it in the real world? My research group investigates this question by examining change and continuity in energy systems. I use energy system models, technological innovation and diffusion theories, and analysis from political science and history. We zoom in on cases where change has been rapid and profound such as the response to the 1970s oil crises and the growth of solar and wind power in recent years to understand what enabled such rapid change and how they can be scaled up and replicated in different countries. By identifying historical precedents of rapid transitions and comparing these to the scale and speed of changes society needs to meet climate targets, we are able to identify the areas where change is most feasible. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">I applied to the Young Academy of Sweden because I want to develop Sweden's system for attracting research talent and developing science by identifying the areas where we are already world leaders, as well as those where we can learn from other countries. I am particularly interested in strengthening international mobility and transparency in funding to ensure that Swedish institutions constitute strong growth environments for young researchers&quot;</span><span style="background-color:initial">.  </span></div></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Adel Daoud</h3> <div> </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/SEE/Nyheter/AdelDaoud-200.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><div><span style="background-color:initial">Adel Daoud Associate professor in analytical sociology at Linköping University, and, Affiliated associate professor in data science and AI at Chalmers University of Technology:</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>&quot;About 300 million people in Africa live in extreme poverty. Given that living in impoverished communities can trap people in cycles of deprivation (‘poverty traps’), major development actors such as China and the World Bank have deployed a stream of projects to break these cycles (‘poverty targeting’). However, as scholars are held back by a data challenge, research has up until now been unable to answer fundamental questions such as whether poverty traps exist, and to evaluate what extent interventions can release communities from such traps </div> <div><br /></div> <div>I am leading the <a href="https://liu.se/en/research/global-lab-ai">AI and Global Development Lab​</a> to identify to what extent African communities are trapped in poverty and examine how competing development programs can alter these communities’ prospects to free themselves from deprivation. Our Lab has the following objectives: (i) train image recognition algorithms—a form of AI—to identify local poverty from satellite images, 1984-2020; (ii) use these data to analyze how development actors affect African communities; (iii) use mixed methods to develop theories of the varieties of poverty traps; (iv), develop an R package, PovertyMachine, that will produce poverty estimates from new satellite images—ensuring that our innovations will benefit poverty research. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>I want to be a part of the Young Academy of Sweden <span style="background-color:initial">Because the academy offers a unique opportunity to change, improve, and refine Swedish universities and their position globally”</span><span style="background-color:initial">. </span></div></div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">About the Young Academy of Sweden  </h3> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3"> </h3> <div>The Young Academy of Sweden is a multidisciplinary academy, comprising a selection of the best young researchers in Sweden – an independent platform that gives young researchers a strong voice in the research policy debate and is working on raising the profile of research for young people. </div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Young academies exist in over 30 countries and Sweden's Young Academy works with the other young academies at Nordic, European and global levels. </span><span style="background-color:initial">. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><div><a href="https://www.sverigesungaakademi.se/en-GB/1.html">Read more about the Young Academy of Sweden and its new members</a>. </div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><font color="#1166aa"><b><a href="/en/research/our-scientists/Pages/The-Young-Academy-of-Sweden.aspx">Find all Chalmers researchers who are or have been members of the Young Academy of Sweden</a></b></font></span>.</div></span></div>Tue, 24 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/An-intelligent-and-social-drone.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/centres/chair/news/Pages/An-intelligent-and-social-drone.aspxAn intelligent and social drone<p><b>​Have you ever met a polite drone? In the project &quot;AI + Social Drones: Towards Autonomous and Adaptive Social Drones&quot; Associate Professor Mohammad Obaid and colleagues will investigate how flying drones can interact with humans using AI.</b></p>​Drones are becoming more and more useful as tools in areas like transportation and health. <br />In the project <em>AI + Social Drones: Towards Autonomous and Adaptive Social Drones</em>, funded by Chalmers AI Research Centre, CHAIR, the research team will look into social drones and their role in society. Starting this summer, the project will investigate how drones can operate in a human environment in an acceptable way. <br /><br />“If we have an AI entity in our environment, in this case a flying robot, how do we interact with it as humans? We want to teach it to understand us and to pick up our social cues while flying next to us. Also, how should we as humans interact with it and behave?” says Associate Professor <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/mobaid.aspx">Mohammad Obaid</a>, project leader.<br /><br /><strong>What is a social drone?</strong><br />A drone is a flying robot that can be controlled remotely, and when we throw in the word social next to a drone, two things happen. One is that they can exhibit social cues to us. They can tell us how they are behaving and their intentions. Secondly, is to make it learn how to pick up our behavior, our social cues. <br /><br />“The idea is that if we, in this project, learn how to make this work, we will have a better understanding of how to accept and trust them in different application areas and contexts, which will make them more usable”, says Mohammad Obaid.  <br /><br />To make this happen, AI is needed. Data from interaction activities are collected and used to train the robot to develop social cues. An intelligent drone may be able to read from the user’s face if it is welcoming or anxious and then choose a suitable distance to the person.<br /><br />Drones are already used in delivery services and civil services, like healthcare and well-being. <br /><br />“Health is something we are looking in to as well. With AI applied in the drone, we believe that drones could do much good, for instance in emergency situations in remote areas. <br /><br /><strong>Communicating with a robot</strong><br /><div>We are used to see robots in sci-fi where they have faces and can communicate what they think and their intentions, and many scientists get inspired by it. Mohammad Obaid is one of them.</div> <br /><div>“In earlier research we have tested to add eyes to a drone. The eyes let the drone gaze to the direction it intends to go and thereby communicate its intentions”, he says. </div> <br /><div>Many tests are being done with ground robots, which cannot fly. Applying the research on a drone is similar but the ability to fly gives the robot a new dimension.</div> <div><br /></div> “A drone can give you a new perspective from above for example, and it will be much more mobile than ground robots, not getting stuck on obstacles”, says Mohammad Obaid.<br /><br /><strong>A drone companion</strong><br /><div>It may seem tempting to imagine that the social drone will be as common as the smartphone in a near future. But there are many issues to resolve before this becomes reality, Mohammad Obaid thinks.</div> <div><br /></div> <div> “It could well be that people will have a drone companion, but we need to think about ethics first. As with cell phones, we need to know what will happen with society when adding social drones, as with all human interaction with AI systems. I think more important is if the drone can be of use in health and well-being, like if they can be used to help people for instance in remote areas or as lifeguards on the beach”, he says.</div> <div><br /></div> <div><span><strong>Text: </strong>Mats Tiborn<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /></div>Mon, 23 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Mission-make-the-car-autonomous.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/departments/m2/news/Pages/Mission-make-the-car-autonomous.aspxMission: make the car autonomous!<p><b>​“I really like cars! So, this is fun! says 15-year-old Elin, one of the many high school students who got the chance to try out how to make cars autonomous in the workshop &quot;Get started with self-driving vehicles and AI&quot; which took place at Chalmers during this year's edition of the International Science Festival.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">It's Friday morning in May and the Science Festival is in full swing in Gothenburg. In one of the larger classrooms at Chalmers, about 30 ninth graders from Fridaskolan in Kvillebäcken are waiting for a workshop in AI and self-driving vehicles to start. The benches are placed in a U-shape and the students' attention is directed towards the small cones in yellow, blue and white that are already lined up in a kind of track curling up on the space between them.<br /><br /></span><div><strong>Millie Skoglund</strong>, project assistant at the Division of Vehicle Technology and Autonomous Systems, is running today’s workshop along with <strong>Ola Benderius</strong>, associate professor at the division, and <strong>Liv Johansson</strong>, also a project assistant. Millie first came to Chalmers not even a year ago as a “Tekniksprånget” intern straight from high school. And there’s no doubt that she’s already more than comfortable in the topic autonomous vehicles.<br /><br /></div> <div>“There’s a lot of exciting stuff here at Chalmers. But the thing that we enjoy more than anything is self-driving <br />vehicles! declares Millie to the students before kick starting the workshop.<br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">A crash course in autonomous systems</h2> <div>First thing on the agenda: movie time! </div> <div>Scenes from a busy motorway are played on the screen, but from an unknown perspective. The students observe with curiosity. Vehicles - buses, cars and trucks - pass by at high speed. With each vehicle, a number appears. And a little further down on the screen, a diagram with a graph that moves up and down as the vehicles pass. What exactly are we watching? Millie throws the question out to her audience. No one seems willing to take a guess. <br /><br /></div> <div><strong>Let’s make it a cliff hanger</strong>, she states and approaches the three objects that are placed on a table - a camera, a GPS antenna and a lidar. All sensors that self-driving vehicles need to collect data from their surroundings. The camera that can identify which vehicles are nearby, the GPS antenna that can determine the distance to oncoming vehicles and the lidar, arguably the star in the crowd - at least if you ask Millie:<br /><br /></div> <div>“So, this one is the coolest! The lidar. It works like a radar, but it sends out millions of laser beams to be able to make very precise 3D scans of its surroundings,” she explains and goes on to revealing what the film was actually about. <br /><br /></div> <div>“It was a Chalmers truck equipped with sensors like these that drives every day from the harbor of Gothenburg to Borås. The numbers that popped up around the oncoming cars were a value of how certain the truck was in its assessment of what type of vehicle it encountered,” says Millie. <br /><br /></div> <div><strong>The topic brings us to the next</strong> step in the process of developing self-driving vehicles: the AI part. Because it’s not enough to be able to collect data from the car’s surroundings. The autonomous vehicle must be able to understand the information, as well. Which somehow becomes the &quot;cue&quot; for Millie’s colleague Ola Benderius to take over. He’s a researcher focusing on self-driving systems in cars, trucks, and aircrafts.<br /><br /></div> <div>“I develop programs that make it possible for self-driving cars to understand, interpret and make decisions based on the data that the sensors have collected. For example, if a camera on the car can detect white lines on the road, the program can make the car understand where it should drive,” he explains to the students.<br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Say hello to the Kiwi car</h2> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/M2/Nyheter/kiwi%20200x200.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px 10px" /><br />After the theoretical crash course in autonomous vehicles, it’s become high time for the students to try for themselves what it’s like to work with self-driving vehicles. The star of the show is the so-called Kiwi car. A small 3D-printed model car with black body frames and a red bumper with small glued-on eyes at the front. In the middle of the car, heaves of tangled cords in all the colors of the spectrum. And at the top, a small royal crown. The Kiwi car is part of a learning platform that Ola and his research team have been working on for several years. The purpose? To get young people to learn to program autonomous vehicles already in school.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>The group is divided into smaller</strong> teams, half of which are stationed in a nearby room. Assignments are distributed. <span style="background-color:initial">In one room, the challenge is to use a program developed for self-driving cars to get the Kiwi car to autonomously get around the track outlined with cones. But to succeed, the teams need to set the car's ability to perceive the colors of the cones correctly – making blue look like blue and white look like white - so that the car knows how to navigate among the cones. Using an iPad, the students start to pull the controls with great enthusiasm to adjust the color perception in the car's camera so that they correspond to reality. <br />An exciting but not entirely simple task, it should turn out.<br /><br /></span></div> <div>At a table in one corner, Sanna, Elin, Noa and Carl-Johan are leaning over the iPad. They pull the controls up and down, trying to find the right levels. <br /><br /></div> <div>“We’re able to find the blue one but not the yellow one,” says Carl-Johan a bit frustrated.</div> <div>“Yes, the yellow ones can be a bit tricky,” says Ola and tries to help the group fine-tune some more with the controls. <br /><br /></div> <div>The group members take turns trying to find the right color coding on the iPad. At the same time, the group - not entirely unexpectedly – start talking about the subject of self-driving cars.<br /><br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/M2/Nyheter/Elin%20kiwi%20200x200.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px 10px" /><strong style="background-color:initial">“We haven’t talked that much</strong><span style="background-color:initial"> about self-driving cars at school. But I think it’s interesting, says Elin who already has a great interest in cars. After the summer, she will start studying at a technical high school. </span><br /></div> <div>“I really like cars! So, this is fun,” she says, reaching for the iPad to give it another try.<br /><br /></div> <div>Classmate Sanna doesn’t really share Elin's passion for cars and technology, but still finds the workshop somewhat useful. In the autumn, she will go on to studying hairdressing, if everything goes according to plan.<br /><br /></div> <div>“I'm usually not that interested in things like this. But I think it's interesting to see how the systems work. It’s most fascinating to see how cars can drive themselves,” she says and delves into a possible future scenario:<br /><br /></div> <div>“Imagine if you’re a truck driver and the truck is self-driving. Then you can continue driving while being asleep,”<br />Sanna says and makes the whole group laugh.<br /><br /></div> <div>Suddenly all eyes are turned to the cut path on the floor. One of the other groups has made the car work.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>“This looks great!” </strong>exclaims Ola.</div> <div><br />The small Kiwi car finds its way between the cones at a steady speed, completely by itself. And even though it looks promising, it soon gets into problem as it drives straight into a yellow cone. The group has no choice but to return to the drawing board. Ola tries to explain what went wrong. <br /><br /></div> <div>“Do you see that the image is fuzzy? It’s not completely clear. This means that the car will beware of everything,” he explains.<br /></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Can you beat the record?</h2> <div>In the other room, the groups are battling another task. The focus here is not on getting the car to drive by itself. It’s about getting the Kiwi car around the track with the help of hand control with human help. <br /><br /></div> <div>“The previous groups’ record was 18 seconds! Which is really good. Can you beat it?” Millie asks.</div> <div><br /><strong>The teams immediately accept </strong>the challenge and throw themselves over the cars on the floor. Here, too, cones are lined up in a formation that forms a track for the cars. One in each group times with a timer clock while someone else in the group tries to steer the Kiwi car correctly, without hitting any cone. With mixed success. Cones are slightly overturned here and there, and the timer is consequently zeroed. But no one wants to be a quitter. After a few attempts and with a lot of focus - and quite a lot of laughter - some groups manage to get the car around the track in just over a minute.<br /><br /></div> <div>And pretty soon it's time to gather all the groups and finish the workshop.</div> <div>Once gathered in the classroom, Ola demonstrates what an optimal color setting looks like for the Kiwi car to perceive its surroundings in the best way. They try out together using the iPad controls while the camera view of the Kiwi car is projected on a screen. <br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/M2/Nyheter/ola%20visar%20200x200.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px 15px" /><br /><strong style="background-color:initial">“So, what seems to be the problem now</strong><strong style="background-color:initial">?” </strong><span style="background-color:initial">The question is directed to the class.</span><br /></div> <div>“The blue one!” the group agrees.</div> <div><div>“Yes exactly! The blue color needs to be adjusted a bit. I can tell that you’re getting the core of the principle, and that’s the most important thing,” says Ola.</div> <div> </div> <div>He continues to show the students pictures of real self-driving trucks and cars that, just like the Kiwi car, have been developed at Chalmers. Soon they will be tested on a nearby track. The students listen attentively, as if they’re really taking in what it means that the systems that they’ve just tested can be used on real roads. </div></div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">&quot;It’s the future&quot;</h2> <div>The workshop seems to have left an impression on the students. Even on those who may not be planning for a career in technology.<br /><br /></div> <div>“I probably won’t work with things like this, but it's very cool. It's the future,” Noa states and leaves the Science Festival this time around.</div> <div><br />At the same time, Ola, Millie and Liv are getting ready to receive the next group of school students.<br /><br /></div> <div><strong>“We believe that it can be difficult </strong>to deal with these technically complex subjects in school. Our intention is to peel off the technically difficult but still give a good insight into how the technology works. It’s important to make these subjects easily accessible, partly to educate the public, but also to attract interest for technology among students in these age groups. And that we managed to show that what the students did is relevant to real vehicles, was really good,” says Ola.<br /><br /></div> <div>“I thought it became clear that the students got curious about how self-driving cars work. And when they got to try it out themselves and drive the Kiwi car, they became very engaged and interested,” Millie concludes.<br /><br /></div> <div>Text: Lovisa Håkansson</div>Thu, 19 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200https://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/IVA-100-list-2022.aspxhttps://www.chalmers.se/en/news/Pages/IVA-100-list-2022.aspxMost projects from Chalmers on IVA’s 100 list 2022 <p><b>The 100-list highlights up-to-date research with business potential from Swedish universities. The theme for this year is technology in the service of humanity. Thirteen projects from Chalmers have been selected. </b></p>​The researchers have contributed with research projects that offer great value and potential for utilisation for society, through avenues such as industrial commercialisation, business development, or other types of impact. ​<div>“It is gratifying that we are so well represented on the 100 list. Chalmers has a strong focus on innovation and entrepreneurship” says Mats Lundqvist, Vice President of Utilisation at Chalmers University of Technology.</div> <div><br /><div><div><strong style="background-color:initial">The selected projects from Chalmers 2022:</strong><br /></div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><strong style="background-color:initial"></strong><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial">Architecture and Civil Engineering Project: </span></div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial"></span><strong style="font-family:inherit;background-color:initial">Real time optimization of drinking water treatment</strong></div></div> <div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">The innovation of Kathleen Murphy and fellow colleagues measure the quality and reactivity of freshwater resources in real time, and predict the success of drinking water treatment. Their solution will be used to optimize operational conditions at drinking water treatment plants, reducing the need for chemicals and infrastructure and reducing emissions and waste. The patent pending solution, including the teams unique algorithms, will make drinking water treatment cheaper and more sustainable.</span></div> <div>Researcher: <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/murphyk.aspx">Kathleen Murphy</a></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/ace/news/Pages/Real-time-optimized-drinking-water-treatment-on-IVA100-list.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Real time optimized drinking water treatment</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><div> ​<span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px">Biology and Biological Engineering</span></div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Project: <strong>Fungi for the production of protein of the future</strong></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Alternative protein sources such as fungi (mycoprotein) can lead to 95 percent less carbon dioxide emissions than beef. The vision is that the protein of the future is produced by fungi, which convert bio-based residual streams from industry. The fungi are grown in closed bioreactors with little impact on the external environment. </span> ​</p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Researchers: </span><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/nygardy.aspx">Yvonne Nygård </a><span style="background-color:initial">and </span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/eric-oste.aspx">Eric Öste </a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Project: <strong>Stabilizing seafood side-streams allowing full use for food production </strong><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">The demand for fish is steadily increasing in response to dietary recommendations, population growth and wishes to consume more climate-friendly protein sources. We therefore need to convert more of each landed fish into food, as today mainly the fillet is used, i.e., only 40-50 per cent of the weight. <br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Researchers: </span><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Ingrid-Undeland.aspx">Ingrid Undeland</a><span style="background-color:initial">, </span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/haizhou.aspx">Haizhou Wu,​</a><span style="background-color:initial"> </span><a href="/en/staff/Pages/khozaghi.aspx"> Mehdi Abdollahi</a><span style="background-color:initial"> and </span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/bita-forghani.aspx">Bita Forghani</a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/departments/bio/news/Pages/Projects-on-sustainable-food-on-IVA’s-100-list.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Projects on sustainable food on IVA’s 100 list</a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial">Chemistry and Chemical Engineering  </span><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Project: <strong>Recycling and remanufacturing of indium based semiconductor materials. </strong></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span>You are probably reading this text looking through a transparent conductive material called indium tin oxide (ITO). It is the backbone of all electronic screen​s (LCD, LED, and touch screens), and some solar cell technologies. During the manufacturing of these devices, 30 - 70% of the material becomes production waste. Almost 75% of indium is used for ITO manufacturing and it is accepted as a critical raw material due to its importance in the electronic industry. It is a minor element of the earth’s crust and is unevenly distributed. It's recycling from industrial waste is challenging and requires several stages. In our technology, indium recovery is simplified instead of complicated processing stages and integrated into the ITO powder production to reproduce ITO material.​</span><strong><br /></strong></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Burcak-Ebin.aspx">Burcak Ebin</a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Burcak-Ebin.aspx"></a>Project: <strong>High-Quality Graphene and Highly Thermal Conductive Graphene Films Produced in Eco-friendly ways</strong><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong></strong><span style="background-color:initial">The heat generated from ubiquitous miniaturized electronic devices needs to be dissipated by materials that are highly thermally conductive, lightweight, flexible, mechanically robust and, most importantly, manufactured in a sustainable way. Our idea includes two interconnected steps: 1) Eco-friendly production of high-quality graphene in a large-scale; and 2) Production of highly thermal-conductive graphene films with low environmental impact and low cost. The graphene films are expected to replace the current metal films and other thermally conductive films produced in the high cost of environment, and therefore contribute to the transition to a green industry.</span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><a href="/en/staff/Pages/ergang.aspx">Ergang Wang</a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <span></span><p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Project: <span style="font-weight:700">Adsorbi - cellulose-based foams for air pollutants capture  </span></span><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">After finishing her doctoral studies at the department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Kinga Grenda founded the start-up company Adsorbi together with Romain Bordes, researcher at the department. She was recently named one of ten entrepreneurs to keep an eye on by Swedish Incubators and Science Parks.</span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Researcher: <span style="background-color:initial">Kinga Grenda  </span><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="https://adsorbi.com/" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />More about the research and start-up company Adsorbi </a></span><span style="background-color:initial"><font color="#1166aa"><span style="font-weight:700">(external link)</span></font></span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/staff/Pages/ergang.aspx"></a><a href="/en/departments/chem/news/Pages/Chemistry-research-on-IVA-100-list-.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Chemistry research on IVA 100 list | Chalmers​ </a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial">Computer Science and Engineering ​</span><br /></p> <div>Project: <strong>EmbeDL </strong><br /></div> <div>AI has achieved remarkable successes but at a price – neural network models are very large and need a lot of resources to train and deploy, thus leaving a very large energy footprint. Our research is about how to reduce the size of the neural networks, without sacrificing much in accuracy, and making the best use of diverse hardware so that AI can be deployed in an efficient and less energy consuming way to solve a specific problem. <br /></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Project:<strong>Repli5 </strong><br /></div> <div>The research is about creating digital twins and synthetic data. A digital twin is a replica of the real world in silico, which can be used to test and verify systems very efficiently and cheaply instead of tests in the real world which are costly, slow and error prone. Digital twins can be used to generate synthetic data to train AI systems efficiently without the need to collect real world data and annotating them manually which is costly, slow, noisy and error prone. <br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><a href="/en/staff/Pages/dubhashi.aspx">Devdatt Dubhashi </a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Project: </span><strong style="background-color:initial">Dpella</strong><br /></div> <div>The world is collecting a massive amount of individuals data with the intention of building a human-centered future based on data insights. The huge challenge is how to achieve these insights that will shape the future, respecting privacy of individuals and complying with GDPR. We solve this by developing a technology for creating privacy-preserving analytics based on the mathematical framework of Differential Privacy – a new gold standard for data privacy. With our patented IP research, we provide a Privacy-as-a-service solution will enable data flows, creating the inter-organization value required to achieve a digital human-centred future.</div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/staff/Pages/russo.aspx">Alejandro Russo</a></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/staff/Pages/russo.aspx"></a></span><span style="background-color:initial">Project: <strong>ZeroPoint Technologies </strong></span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span style="background-color:initial">The dramatic increase of computers' processing power places high demands on efficient memory storage. A few players today have control over processor development by owning and controlling processor architectures. Chalmers with the spin-off company ZeroPoint Technologies develops technologies for computers' internal memory that are faster and less energy-intensive and are developed to fit into an open processor architecture. This provides basic conditions for smart industry. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"></span><span></span><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><span style="background-color:initial"><a href="/en/staff/Pages/per-stenstrom.aspx">Per Stenström​</a></span></div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial">Industrial and Materials Science</span><br /></div> <div> <div>Project: <strong>Design for energy resilience in the everyday</strong><br /></div> <div>Our increasing dependence on electrical and connected products is unsustainable from a resource point of view. It also makes us vulnerable in a future energy system where more renewable sources and climate change increase the probability of power shortages and power outages. To be able to handle disruptions in electricity deliveries, and at the same time live a good and meaningful everyday life, knowledge, new design guidelines for product development and energy-independent alternatives are required.<br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/helena-stromberg.aspx">Helena Strömberg</a><br /></div> <div><a href="/en/departments/ims/news/Pages/Design-for-energyresilience-in-the-everyday.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Design for energy resilience in the everyday</a> </div></div> <div><br /></div> <div><p class="chalmersElement-P" style="font-size:20px">Physics</p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Project: <strong>Nanofluidic Scattering Microscopy </strong></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">We have developed the next generation of nanotechnology to study and analyse individual biomolecules and at the same time generate important information about them. We do this with an optical instrument combined with nanofluidic chips and software with machine learning/AI. By offering researchers this new tool, they can answer their questions in a completely new way, thereby accelerating their research in order to make ground-breaking discoveries.<br /></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Christoph-Langhammer.aspx">Christoph Langhammer </a><br /></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">P</span><span style="background-color:initial">roject:</span><strong style="background-color:initial">2D semiconductor with perfect edges </strong><br /></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">We at Smena have developed a new game-changing material, which is useful for numerous applications. The starting point of our material is an abundant mineral called molybdenite, whose price is only 5 dollar per kilogram. Using a scalable, patented, and environmentally friendly process, we managed to produce a large number of edges in flakes of natural molybdenite. <br /></span></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial">Researcher: </span><span style="background-color:initial"><span></span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Timur-Shegai.aspx">Timur Shegai ​</a><br /></span></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/departments/physics/news/Pages/Two-research-projects-from-Physics-on-IVA-100-List.aspx">Two research projects from Physics on IVA 100 List 2022</a></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"></p> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/physics/news/Pages/Two-research-projects-from-Physics-on-IVA-100-List.aspx">​</a><span style="color:rgb(33, 33, 33);font-family:inherit;font-size:20px;background-color:initial">Mathematical Sciences </span></div> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P">​Project: <strong>PressCise</strong></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><strong></strong>​We work with clinical partners to identify problems with today's products, and to test and verify our own inventions. We use mathematical theories to solve real problems and we realize our solutions in genuine smart textile products. </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P">Researchers: <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/torbjorn-lundh.aspx">Torbjörn Lundh</a><span style="background-color:initial">, in collaboration with Josefin Damm and Andreas Nilsson. </span></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="https://www.presscise.com/" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />PressCise AB</a></p> <div> </div> <p></p> <div> </div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"> </p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><br /></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial"><em>I</em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>VA's 100 List presents selected research projects believde to have </em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>the potientalto be developed into ninnovations, to promote buisness  </em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>development or to provide other benefits. The list reflects a diverse range of research </em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>projects and researcher experise from Sweden's universities in a given field. </em></span><span style="background-color:initial"><em>​</em></span><br /></p> <em> </em><p class="chalmersElement-P"><span style="background-color:initial"><font color="#1166aa"><em> </em></font></span><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(0, 0, 0)"><em>The complete list can be found on </em><a href="https://www.iva.se/en/"><em>www.iva.se</em></a></span></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P" style="display:inline !important"><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(0, 0, 0)"></span> </p> <div><p class="chalmersElement-P" style="display:inline !important"><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(0, 0, 0)"><br /></span></p></div> <div><p class="chalmersElement-P" style="display:inline !important"><span style="background-color:initial;color:rgb(0, 0, 0)"><br /></span></p></div> <a href="/en/news/presidents-perspective/Pages/IVAs-100-list-Chalmers-technology-in-the-service-of-humanity.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />The Presidents perspective on Chalmers' contribution to technology in the service of humanity</a><p></p></div> <div><br /></div> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/departments/chem/news/Pages/Chemistry-research-on-IVA-100-list-.aspx"></a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/departments/bio/news/Pages/Projects-on-sustainable-food-on-IVA’s-100-list.aspx"></a></p> <p class="chalmersElement-P"><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/eric-oste.aspx"></a></p></div></div> ​</div>Tue, 10 May 2022 16:00:00 +0200