A research team in the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering is demonstrating how smart buildings can protect and develop ecosystem services such as pollination. The researchers have observed that our cities need several types of green spaces, such as green roofs, more greenery interspersed between buildings and more opportunities for urban agriculture. The city’s green spaces also need to be planned within an ecosystem to create a coherent green structure.
Researchers from three departments at Chalmers are studying methods of measuring biological diversity. It is difficult to measure the extent of biological diversity and to compare between different locations, because there are many different ways of measuring and these differ between countries. A further challenge is to find methods of including biological diversity in life-cycle assessments.
The global increase in the use of land for agriculture and forestry is one of the main causes of the reduction in biological diversity. The researchers analyse how land use in the agriculture and forestry sectors contributes to a reduction in biological diversity and how popular commodities drive changes in land use.