Chalmers has zero tolerance of all forms of harassment and discrimination, and this is based on the Swedish Discrimination Act. The Swedish Discrimination Act describes what counts as discrimination, who might be subjected to it and by whom. The legislation requires Chalmers to counter discrimination and harassment, and to work proactively to promote equal treatment and equal rights.
Discrimination occurs when an employer or education coordinator, like Chalmers, subjects an employee or a student to worse treatment compared with another employee or student in a comparable situation due to one of the grounds of discrimination:
- transgender identity or expression
- religion or other belief system
- sexual orientation
Discrimination takes different forms
A person is subjected to worse treatment compared with another in the same or a similar situation. Examples of direct discrimination:
- A student receives a lower grade for a project than the rest of the members of a group, and the reason for this relates to their ethnicity.
- An employee is denied promotion or advancement and the reason relates to their sexual orientation.
- A doctoral student is not allowed to continue in their position after parental leave.
- Indirect discrimination:
- A rule or procedure that appears neutral but particularly disadvantages people based on specific grounds for discrimination. Examples of indirect discrimination:
- An employer has length of service requirements for employment that particularly disadvantage women or people from certain ethnic groups.
- A rule is introduced for when students are to use a certain machine: the rule forbids all forms of headgear, disadvantaging people who wear the hijab.
- A higher education institution has rules for how men and women should dress for doctoral degree ceremonies that disadvantage people who have a transgender identity or consider themselves non-binary.
Lack of access:
A person with a disability is disadvantaged because no accessibility measures have been taken to enable people to come into a comparable situation with people without disability.