The project focuses on On-site Sewage Systems (OSS), contributing significantly to marine eutrophication in the enclosed Baltic Sea. OSS is a case where individual actors (homeowners) lack economic incentives not to pollute, and which is seldom if ever studied from an institutional perspective. The aim of the project is to contribute to a sound and much needed empirical and theoretical base necessary if the research community shall manage to identify, specify and assess existing institutions and inform the reforms needed for addressing the complex multi-level environmental problems of the Baltic Sea. Thus, we contribute to the understanding of how institutional factors can potentially vary not only between countries but also within one country, causing different environmental outcomes. This aim is fulfilled through a comparative description of the linkages between the very local actors (homeowners), whose activities are directly related to the environment, local, regional and state institutional settings, and the ecosystem as represented by environmental data (such as the flow of nutrients) for some riparian states of the Baltic sea.
Sverker Molander, Mathias Zannakis, Sverker Jagers