Natural control of artificial limb through an osseointegrated implant

It is a fact widely known that the bottleneck in advanced robotic prostheses is the lack and instability of the bioelectric signals required for control. In this multidisciplinary project, these issues are addressed by employing implantable electrodes permanently accessible through the Osseointegrated Human-Machine Gateway (OHMG). The OHMG is a bidirectional interface that allows permanent communication into the human body, and it is the key development of this project. The scope of this research includes: the OHMG and neuromuscular interfaces; analog and digital electronics such as biopotential amplifiers, filters, and microcontrollers; bioelectric signal processing, pattern recognition, and control algorithms; and finally but more importantly, the clinical implementation of this technology.

The successful completion of this project will have an unprecedented impact on amputee’s healthcare, improving their quality of life and facilitating their reintegration into society. Furthermore, it also aims to answer questions of scientific relevance in both engineering and medical fields.

This is a multidisciplinary collaboration between:
  • Biomedical Engineer Div., Signals and Systems Dept., Chalmers University of Technology.
  • Centre of Orthopaedic Osseointegration, Department of Orthopaedics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
  • Integrum AB.
Talk at TEDx Göteborg about this project. November 2014.

​Link to complete list of publications >>

​This research has been funded by Vinnova (Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems), Integrum AB, ALF (Region Västra Götaland), Conacyt, and Promobilia.

There have been over 200 TV, radio, printed, and online articles from over 40 countries about this project. The following is a non-exhaustive list of such article.

Highlighted media

  • Nature – Research Highlights (Print), “Better control over bionics”, Vol. 514, 277.
  • Newsweek, “Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Arm Tested in Sweden”. 
  • The Naked Scientists (Podcast), 14 Oct 2014, ”Brain controlled prosthetic arm”.
  • SVT Vetenskapens värld (TV), 3 Nov 2014.
  • The Positive, ”Lending a helping hand”. 
  • RT, “First mind-controlled prosthetic arm can hold egg without smashing it”.
  • Newsy (Video) 
  • Science update (Podcast) - American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), “Thought-controlled prosthetics”.
  • Dagens Medicin, De tio viktigaste forskningsnyheterna år 2014.
  • IngenjörsVetenskapsAkademin, “Årets bästa 2013 – forskning och teknik i Sverige”, IVA Aktuellt, N. 6, 2013:18-20.
  • SVT, “De största upptäckterna 2012”.
  • Gizmag, “2012: A year in technology”.
  • Wired, “Mind-Controlled Artificial Limbs Fusing Man and Machine Coming Next Year”,
  • Science Illustrated, issue #8, 2013:9. Print.
  • PSFK Labs, “PSFK picks: Top 10 health innovations of the week”.
  • NASA Tech Briefs, “Thought-Controlled Prosthesis Moves With the Mind”.


    • “Futuremag”, ARTE, 19 Jan 2014, 
    • Nippon Television Network, “The most popular lectures”, Dec 2013
    • TeVe Medica con Dr. Soto, A Fondo, AmericaTeve, 12 Apr 2013 (Starts 40:00)  



Printed press

    • European Medical Device Technology – Breakthroughs, “Doctoral Student Develops Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Arm”, Jan/Feb 2013:16. Print.
    • Illustrerad Vetenskap (Science Illustrated), “Titanium arm is close to a real arm”, issue #8, 2013:9. Print. 
      • Denmark (Illustreret Videnskab), Iceland (Lifandi Vísindi), Norway (Illustrert Vitenskap), Sweden (Illustrerad Vetenskap), Finland (Tieteen Kuvalehti), Germany (Science Illustrated, old Illustrierte Wissenschaft), USA (Science Illustrated), Greece, Netherlands (Wetenschap in Beeld), Latvia (Ilustrētā Zinātne), Lithuania (Iliustruotasis mokslas), Estonia (Imeline Teadus), Slovenia and Australia.
    • “Protesen känns en vanlig arm”, Metro, 9 Oct 2014:4. Print.
    • Hericsson, P., “Tanken styr protesen”, Elektronik Tidningen, Nr 4 2014:16-17. Print.
    • Lönn, A., “Framsted inom forskning och teknik”, Pappers Tidning, Nr 1 2014:19. Print.
    • Rönnberg, P., “Årets bästa 2013 – forskning och teknik i Sverige”, IngenjörsVetenskapsAkademin (IVA) Aktuellt, Number 6, 2013:18-20. Print.
    • Fahl, H., “I gränslandet mellan människa och maskin”, Dagens Nyheter, Kultursöndag, 27 Oct 2013. Print.
    • Henriksson, D., “Operationen lyckades”, Göteborg Posten, 27 Feb 2013:40. Print.
    • Tingvall, T., “Fingertoppskänsla på export”, Life Science Sweden, 14 Feb 2013:20-21. Print.
    • “Tankestyrd protes förändrar livet för amputerade”, KFanytt, Dec 2012:4-5. Print.
    • Henriksson, D., “Protesen som tänker själv”, Göteborg Posten, 27 Dec 2012:54-55. Print.
    • Karlsson, J., “Tankestyrd protes förändrar”, Electronik Norden, 14 Dec 2012:45. Print.
    • “Tankestyrd protes för amputerade”, Chalmers magasin, nr 4 2012:5. Print.
    • Reimegård, L., “Proteser får liv med unik styrning”. Dagens Medicin - Medicinsk Teknik, Aug 2010:14-15. Print.
    • “Próteses aumentam liberdade de movimento”, Correio Braziliense – Saúde, Brasilia, 9 Oct 2014. Print.
    • “Transmissão de pensamento”, Correio Braziliense - Ciência, Brasilia, 1 Mar 2013. Print.
    • Bendix, A., “Sansende proteser på vej til at blive en del af kroppen”, Ingeniøren, 23 Jan 2015:12. Print.
    • Schlüter, N., “Unter die Haut”, New Scientist (deutsche Ausgabe), 7 Dec 2012:1-2. Print.
    • Bendix, A., “Sansende proteser på vej til at blive en del af kroppen”, Ingeniøren, 23 Jan 2015:12. Print.
    • Veniou, I., “Χέρια σαν αληθινά!”, BHMA Science, 9 Jun 2013:6. Print.
    • Blancard, L. “Un prothése va restaurer le sens du toucher”, Science & Vie, May 2013. Print.
    • Sender, E. “Un bras artificiel contrôlé par la pensée”, Science & Avenir, Apr 2013. Print.
    • “Prosthese sluit naadloos ann”, Technish Weekblad, Vol. 45, No. 42-43, 24 Oct 2014.
    • “Neue Zürcher Zeitung”, 10 Oct 2014. Print.
    • The Week, News, 1 Nov 2014. Print.
    • AT today, Issue 5, spring 2013:37. Print.
    • Hochnadel, L., “Technology advances to control osseointegrated prosthetic arms”, The O&P Edge, Jan 2013:16. Print.

  • 2014

o   Nature News

o   Nature Reviews Neurology 

o   CBS News , “Mind-controlled prosthetic limbs let patients "feel" objects”,

o   Newsweek, “Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Arm Tested in Sweden”,

o   Popular Mechanics, “We Are Getting Close to a Robot Hand That Grips—and Feels”,

o   The Naked Scientists (Podcast), ”Brain controlled prosthetic arm”, 14 Oct 2014,

o   Reuters,

o   CNET,

o   RT, “First mind-controlled prosthetic arm can hold egg without smashing it”,

o   Newsy (Video),

o   AAAS,  “Prosthetic hands bestowed with a sense of touch”,

o   AAAS, “Upgraded Prosthetics Behave More Like Natural Limbs”,

o   Discovery News, “Amputee First to Get 'Lock and Load' Prosthesis”,

o and

o   Gizmag,

o   The Positive,

o   Neurology Now,

o   Neurology Today, Vol. 14, Issue 21, 10:11

o   BBC,

o   ScienceDaily,

o   International Business Times, “Scientists Fuse Man and Machine: Mind-Controlled Robotic Arm Prosthetics Now 'Clinical Reality'”,

o   The Telegraph, “Man with first mind-controlled prosthetic arm shows off his new skills”,

o   Yahoo News, “Scientists Fuse Man and Machine: Mind-Controlled Robotic Arm Prosthetics Now 'Clinical Reality'”,

o   New Scientist, “Prosthetic hand recreates feeling of cotton bud touch”,

o   Bloomberg, ” Bionic Hands Mimic Human Control With Sensation of Touch”,

o   NBC News,

o   Nanowerk,

o   Engadget,

o   The Independent,

o   Science World Report,

o   Yahoo News,

o   Gear burn,

o   Engineering,

o   MNT,

o   Healio,

o   Economist,

o   Med Dev Tech,

o   Med Dev Online,

o   Digital Journal,

o   E&T,

o   The Nation,

o   National Post,

  • 2012

o   Wired, “Mind-Controlled Artificial Limbs Fusing Man and Machine Coming Next Year”. 

o   Gizmag, “Mind-controlled permanently-attached prosthetic arm could revolutionize prosthetics”.


·       2014

·       2013

o   “Robotprotes som kan styras med tanken” Life Science Sweden,

·       2012

o   “Robotarm styrs av tankar”, SVT Nyheter.

o   “Uppkopplad robotarm kan styras med tanken”. Metro.!R2RvjrZKUO9QQ/

o   “Chalmers utvecklar tankestyrd protes”. NyTeknik.

o   “Tankestyrd protes förändrar”, Electronik Norden.

o   “Protesen som styrs av tankarna”, NET community.

o   “The world's first mind-controlled implantable robotic arm”. GöteborgBio.



·       The O&P Edge (2014),

·       Technology today (2014), “Controlling Cybernetic Machines with the Human Mind”,

·       The O&P Edge (2013), “Muscle- and Nerve-Controlled Prosthetic Arm Unveiled”, 

·       The O&P Edge (2012), “Researcher Developing Technology to Control an Osseointegrated Prosthetic Arm”,   


Other languages

The following are few examples of the articles published in other languages (there are at least 3 different articles in each of these languages, ordered alphabetically):

·       Bosnian: 


·       Chinese: 

·       Croatian:

·       Czech:

·       Dutch: 

·       French: 

·       German:

o   Presstext.


·       Icelandic:

·       Italian: 

o   Le Scienze,


·       Japanese: 

o   コモンポスト (2014),

·       Polish:

·       Portuguese (Brazil): 

·       Romanian:


·       Russian:

·       Servian:'


·       Spanish:

o   2014

§  El País,

§  ABC Salud,

§  Sinc,

§  La Nación,

§  El Mundo,

§  Unocero,

§  El Diario,


o   2012


·       Ukranian:

Press releases from Chalmers University of Technology