Natural control of artificial limb through an osseointegrated implant

It is a fact widely known that the bottleneck in advanced robotic prostheses is the lack and instability of the bioelectric signals required for control. In this multidisciplinary project, these issues are addressed by employing implantable electrodes permanently accessible through the Osseointegrated Human-Machine Gateway (OHMG). The OHMG is a bidirectional interface that allows permanent communication into the human body, and it is the key development of this project. The scope of this research includes: the OHMG and neuromuscular interfaces; analog and digital electronics such as biopotential amplifiers, filters, and microcontrollers; bioelectric signal processing, pattern recognition, and control algorithms; and finally but more importantly, the clinical implementation of this technology.

The successful completion of this project will have an unprecedented impact on amputee’s healthcare, improving their quality of life and facilitating their reintegration into society. Furthermore, it also aims to answer questions of scientific relevance in both engineering and medical fields.

This is a multidisciplinary collaboration between:
  • Biomedical Engineer Div., Signals and Systems Dept., Chalmers University of Technology.
  • Centre of Orthopaedic Osseointegration, Department of Orthopaedics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
  • Integrum AB.
Talk at TEDx Göteborg about this project. November 2014.
​This research has been funded by Vinnova (Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems), Integrum AB, ALF (Region Västra Götaland), Conacyt, and Promobilia.

There have been over 100 TV, radio, printed, and online articles from over 40 countries about this project (i.e. altmetric). The following is a non-exhaustive list of such articles.

Highlighted media

  • Nature – Research Highlights (Print), “Better control over bionics”, Vol. 514, 277.
  • Newsweek, “Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Arm Tested in Sweden”. 
  • Bionic Limbs, Materials 4 a Sustainable Future - The Film, 2015.
  • The Naked Scientists (Radio), ”Brain controlled prosthetic arm”,14 Oct 2014.
  • SVT Vetenskapens värld (Swedish TV), 3 Nov 2014.
  • The Positive, ”Lending a helping hand”. 
  • RT, “First mind-controlled prosthetic arm can hold egg without smashing it”.
  • Newsy (Video) 
  • Science update (Podcast) - American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), “Thought-controlled prosthetics”.
  • Dagens Medicin, De tio viktigaste forskningsnyheterna år 2014.
  • Allt om Vetenskap, “De 10 viktigaste vetenskapliga framstegen från 2014”, 02-2015:26.
  • IngenjörsVetenskapsAkademin, “Årets bästa 2013 – forskning och teknik i Sverige”, IVA Aktuellt, N. 6, 2013:18-20.
  • SVT, “De största upptäckterna 2012”.
  • Gizmag, “2012: A year in technology”.
  • Wired, “Mind-Controlled Artificial Limbs Fusing Man and Machine Coming Next Year”,
  • Science Illustrated, issue #8, 2013:9.
  • PSFK Labs, “PSFK picks: Top 10 health innovations of the week”.
  • NASA Tech Briefs, “Thought-Controlled Prosthesis Moves With the Mind”.


  • "Future Now", Discovery Channel, 8 Sep 2015.
  • Bionic Limbs”, Materials 4 a Sustainable Future - The Film, 2015. 
  • “Science will save the world”, VRT, 23 Nov 2015.
    • “Futuremag”, ARTE, 19 Jan 2014.
    • NHK, "Baribara", 9 Aug 2015
    • Nippon Television Network, “The most popular lectures”, Dec 2013.
South Korea
  • KBS, "Next Human", Sep 2015
    • TeVe Medica con Dr. Soto, A Fondo, AmericaTeve, 12 Apr 2013 (Starts 40:00)  


  • Radio Formula, En Formula con Enruique Muñoz, 14 May 2016
  • Radio Panamericana, Vox Coordenada 57, 31 Mar 2016 

Printed press

    • Illustrerad Vetenskap (Science Illustrated), “Prosthetic arm connected to bone and nerves”, Nr. 3/2015:17. Print. 
      • Denmark (Illustreret Videnskab), Iceland (Lifandi Vísindi), Norway (Illustrert Vitenskap), Sweden (Illustrerad Vetenskap), Finland (Tieteen Kuvalehti), Germany (Science Illustrated, old Illustrierte Wissenschaft), USA (Science Illustrated), Greece, Netherlands (Wetenschap in Beeld), Latvia (Ilustrētā Zinātne), Lithuania (Iliustruotasis mokslas), Estonia (Imeline Teadus), Slovenia and Australia.
    • European Medical Device Technology – Breakthroughs, “Doctoral Student Develops Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Arm”, Jan/Feb 2013:16. Print.
    • Illustrerad Vetenskap (Science Illustrated), “Titanium arm is close to a real arm”, Nr. 8/2013:9. Print. 
      • Denmark (Illustreret Videnskab), Iceland (Lifandi Vísindi), Norway (Illustrert Vitenskap), Sweden (Illustrerad Vetenskap), Finland (Tieteen Kuvalehti), Germany (Science Illustrated, old Illustrierte Wissenschaft), USA (Science Illustrated), Greece, Netherlands (Wetenschap in Beeld), Latvia (Ilustrētā Zinātne), Lithuania (Iliustruotasis mokslas), Estonia (Imeline Teadus), Slovenia and Australia.
    • De 10 viktigaste vetenskapliga framstegen från 2014”, Allt om Vetenskap, 02-2015:26. Print.
    • “S-höjdaren som ska lyfta Företagssverige”, Dagens Industri Weekend, 5-2015:5-15. Print.
    • Johansson, A., “Medicinexport Lyfts in på banan”, Göteborg Posten, 31 Jan 2015:10. Print.
    • “Protesen känns en vanlig arm”, Metro, 9 Oct 2014:4. Print.
    • Hericsson, P., “Tanken styr protesen”, Elektronik Tidningen, Nr 4 2014:16-17. Print.
    • Lönn, A., “Framsted inom forskning och teknik”, Pappers Tidning, Nr 1 2014:19. Print.
    • Rönnberg, P., “Årets bästa 2013 – forskning och teknik i Sverige”, IngenjörsVetenskapsAkademin (IVA) Aktuellt, Number 6, 2013:18-20. Print.
    • Fahl, H., “I gränslandet mellan människa och maskin”, Dagens Nyheter, Kultursöndag, 27 Oct 2013. Print.
    • Henriksson, D., “Operationen lyckades”, Göteborg Posten, 27 Feb 2013:40. Print.
    • Tingvall, T., “Fingertoppskänsla på export”, Life Science Sweden, 14 Feb 2013:20-21. Print.
    • “Tankestyrd protes förändrar livet för amputerade”, KFanytt, Dec 2012:4-5. Print.
    • Henriksson, D., “Protesen som tänker själv”, Göteborg Posten, 27 Dec 2012:54-55. Print.
    • Karlsson, J., “Tankestyrd protes förändrar”, Electronik Norden, 14 Dec 2012:45. Print.
    • “Tankestyrd protes för amputerade”, Chalmers magasin, nr 4 2012:5. Print.
    • Reimegård, L., “Proteser får liv med unik styrning”. Dagens Medicin - Medicinsk Teknik, Aug 2010:14-15. Print.
    • “Próteses aumentam liberdade de movimento”, Correio Braziliense – Saúde, Brasilia, 9 Oct 2014. Print.
    • “Transmissão de pensamento”, Correio Braziliense - Ciência, Brasilia, 1 Mar 2013. Print.
    • Bendix, A., “Sansende proteser på vej til at blive en del af kroppen”, Ingeniøren, 23 Jan 2015:12. Print.
    • Tsakiridou, E., "Prothese wird von Nerven und Muskeln gesteuert"VDI nachrichten, Nr. 7,13 Feb 2015:19-20. Print.
    • Schlüter, N., “Unter die Haut”, New Scientist (deutsche Ausgabe), 7 Dec 2012:1-2. Print.
    • Veniou, I., “Χέρια σαν αληθινά!”, BHMA Science, 9 Jun 2013:6. Print.
    • Blancard, L. “Un prothése va restaurer le sens du toucher”, Science & Vie, May 2013. Print.
    • Sender, E. “Un bras artificiel contrôlé par la pensée”, Science & Avenir, Apr 2013. Print.
    • “Prosthese sluit naadloos ann”, Technish Weekblad, Vol. 45, No. 42-43, 24 Oct 2014.
    • “Neue Zürcher Zeitung”, 10 Oct 2014. Print.
    • The Week, News, 1 Nov 2014. Print.
    • AT today, Issue 5, spring 2013:37. Print.
    • Hochnadel, L., “Technology advances to control osseointegrated prosthetic arms”, The O&P Edge, Jan 2013:16. Print.

  • International

o   Nature News

o   Nature Reviews Neurology 

o   Newsweek, “Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Arm Tested in Sweden”

o   CBS News, “Mind-controlled prosthetic limbs let patients "feel" objects” 

o   Popular Mechanics, “We Are Getting Close to a Robot Hand That Grips—and Feels” 

o   The Naked Scientists, ”Brain controlled prosthetic arm” 

o   Reuters, "Mind-controlled prosthetic arm restores amputee dexterity"

o   CNET, "Mind-controlled prosthetic arm now a reality"

o   RT, “First mind-controlled prosthetic arm can hold egg without smashing it”

o   Newsy (Video), "New prosthetic technology helps patients to feel objects" 

o   AAAS,  “Prosthetic hands bestowed with a sense of touch”

o   AAAS, “Upgraded Prosthetics Behave More Like Natural Limbs”

o   Discovery News, “Amputee First to Get 'Lock and Load' Prosthesis”, Link 1, Link 2.

o   Gizmag (2014), "Mind-controlled mechatronic prosthetics now a reality"

o   Gizmag (2012), “Mind-controlled permanently-attached prosthetic arm could revolutionize prosthetics”.

o   The Positive, "Lending a helping hand"

o   Neurology Now, "One Step Closer to Bionic Limbs: Researchers Simulate Sensation in Prosthetic Arms"

o   Neurology Today, "Neural Interface Activates a Sense of Touch in Prosthetic Limbs" Vol. 14, Issue 21, 10:11 

o   BBC, "Bionic arm restores sense of feeling"

o   ScienceDaily, "First prosthesis in the world with direct connection to bone, nerves and muscles"

o   ScienceDaily, "Mind-controlled prosthetic arms that work in daily life are now a reality"

o   International Business Times, “Scientists Fuse Man and Machine: Mind-Controlled Robotic Arm Prosthetics Now 'Clinical Reality”

o   Yahoo News, “Scientists Fuse Man and Machine: Mind-Controlled Robotic Arm Prosthetics Now 'Clinical Reality'”

o   New Scientist, “Prosthetic hand recreates feeling of cotton bud touch”

o   Bloomberg, ”Bionic Hands Mimic Human Control With Sensation of Touch”

o   NBC News, "Nerve Implants Let Patients Feel Through Artificial Fingers"

o   Wired, “Mind-Controlled Artificial Limbs Fusing Man and Machine Coming Next Year”.

o   Nanowerk, "Mind-controlled prosthetic arms that work in daily life are now a reality"

o   Engadget, "Amputees can now control artificial limbs with their minds"

o   The Independent, "Swedish man first to use mind-controlled prosthetic arm"

o   Science World Report, "Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Limbs are Now a Reality in Daily Life"

o   Yahoo News, "Scientists Fuse Man and Machine: Mind-Controlled Robotic Arm Prosthetics Now 'Clinical Reality'"

o   Gear burn, "This mind-controlled robotic arm can easily crack an egg using bone communication"

o   Engineering, "Mind Controlled Prosthetics Become a Reality"

o   MNT, "Prosthetic arm controlled by brain successfully developed"

o   Healio, "New device may draw O&P closer to mind-controlled prostheses"

o   Economist, "Once more, with feeling"

o   Med Dev Tech, "Thought-Controlled Prosthesis"

o   Med Dev Online, "Mind-Controlled Prosthetics: A New Clinical Reality"

o   Digital Journal, "Swede fitted with first mind-controlled prosthetic arm"

o   E&T, "Nerve-connected robo-arm passes first trial"

o   The Nation, "Bionic arm restores sense of feeling"

o   National Post, "Bionic hands move close to human control with sensation of touch"

  • Sweden

o   Dagens Medicin (2014), "De tio viktigaste forskningsnyheterna år 2014"

o   SVT Nyherter (2014), "Först i världen med robotarm"

o   GP (2014), "Unik protes "som en vanlig arm""

o   GP (2014), "Banbrytande protes ”som en vanlig arm”"

o   Life Science (2014), "Robotarm till kliniska studier"

o   Ny Teknik (2014), "Se protesen som styrs med tankekraft"

o   Life Science Sweden (2013), “Robotprotes som kan styras med tanken”

o   SVT Nyheter (2012), “Robotarm styrs av tankar”

o   Metro (2012), “Uppkopplad robotarm kan styras med tanken”

o   NyTeknik (2012), “Chalmers utvecklar tankestyrd protes”

o   Electronik i Norden (2012)“Tankestyrd protes förändrar”

o   NET community (2012), “Protesen som styrs av tankarna”

o   GöteborgBio (2012), “The world's first mind-controlled implantable robotic arm”

  • UK
    • The Telegraph, “Man with first mind-controlled prosthetic arm shows off his new skills”
    • Mail Online, "The groundbreaking mind-controlled BIONIC ARM that plugs into the body and has given wearers back their sense of touch"
    • Wired, "First mind-controlled, bone-mounted robotic arms to be implanted in 2013"

Other languages

The following are few examples of the articles published in other languages (there are at least 3 different articles in each of these languages, ordered alphabetically):

    ·       Albanian:
    • Telegrafi, "Protezat e kontrolluara nga mendja që ua mundësojnë duarve ndjeshmërinë"

·       Bosnian: 

o  Klix, "Vještačke ruke koje se pokreću mislima za amputirce"

·       Chinese: 

o  News China, "最新研发的仿生手臂可帮助截肢人群恢复触觉功能"

o  News Syd, "科学家研发最新仿生手臂 可助截肢人群恢复触觉"

o   Hi news, "最新研发的仿生手臂可帮助截肢人群恢复触觉功能 "

o   Laoyaoba, "研究人员开发出革命性的“心灵控制”机械手臂"

·       Croatian

    • Vecernji list, "Razvili prvu robotsku ruku, protezu kojom se upravlja mislima"
    • Znano, "Umom kontrolirana proteza vratila pacijentu osjećaj dodira"

·       Czech:

    • Mobil mania, "První pevné spojení nervů: robotická ruka vrátila pacientovi hmat Více na"
        o   E15, "První pevné spojení nervů: robotická ruka vrátila pacientovi hmat"

·       Dutch: 

o   RTL (2014), "Eerste kunstarm direct gekoppeld aan bot, zenuwen en spieren"

o   TW (2014), "Prothese sluit naadloos aan"

o   Bits-Chips (2012), "Zweden gaan robothand met gedachten besturen"

·       French: 

o   EDF Plus (2015), "Prothèses : la réalité rejoint la science-fiction"

o   Sciences et Avenir (2014), "Le bras artificiel contrôlé par la pensée... deux ans après"

o   Futura Sciences (2014), "La prothèse de bras contrôlée par la pensée utilisée au quotidien"

o   Europa 1 (2014), "Voici la première prothèse de bras contrôlée par l'esprit"

o   Maxi Sciences (2012), "Découvrez la main bionique qui peut être contrôlée par la pensée"

o   Futura Sciences (2012), "La première prothèse de bras robotisée contrôlée par la pensée"

·       German:

o   VDI nachrichten, "Prothese wird von Nerven und Muskeln gesteuert"

o   Presstext, "Armprothese nutzt natürliche Gedankensteuerung" 

o   Innovations, "Armprothese nutzt natürliche Gedankensteuerung"

·       Icelandic:

o   MBL, "Bylt­ing í stjórn­un gervi­handa"

·       Italian: 

o   Le Scienze, "Verso l'integrazione totale delle neuroprotesi"

o   Alta Definizione, "Mano artificiale controllata con la mente esegue fedelmente tutti i movimenti"

·       Japanese: 

oコモンポスト (2014), "自分の思ったとおりに失われた腕を動かせる世界初の埋め込み型義手のロボットハンドが開発される!!"

·       Polish:

o   What next, "Proteza połączona bezpośrednio z ciałem pacjenta przywróciła mu zmysł dotyku"

o   Wirtualna Polska, "Cyberręka na ukończeniu. Pierwsze wszczepienie już w tę zimę"

o   Zmiany na ziemi, "Niezwykła proteza ramienia przywróciła pacjentowi zmysł dotyku"

o   Gazeta wyborcza, "Nowatorska proteza ręki: jest sterowana myślą i przywraca czucie w dłoni"

o    ITE zone, "Proteza wszczepiona w ciało pacjenta"

·       Portuguese (Brazil): 

o   Correio Braziliense, "Novos braços mecânicos aumentam liberdade de movimentos delicados e bruscos"

o   Tech Tudo, "Cientistas criam prótese de braço controlada por cérebro mais avançada"

o   Veja, "Pesquisador desenvolve braço artificial controlado pelo pensamento"

·       Romanian:

    • Stiinta & Technica, "Proteza permanentă controlată mental va schimba viețile celor cu membre amputate"
    • Science world, "2013 ne va aduce o nouă proteză bionică, controlată direct prin gânduri" 
    • Medro, "Proteză controlată mental schimbă"

·       Russian:

o   NKL (2014), "Механическую руку научили чувствовать"

o   Vesti (2014), "Протезы рук приблизились к реальным конечностям сразу по двум параметрам"

o   NKJ (2014), "Механическую руку научили чувствовать"

o   Newsland (2013), "Учёные совершили невероятный прорыв в протезировании"

·       Serbian:


·       Spanish:

o   2016

§  La Jornada, "Mexicano diseña en Suecia prótesis que permite tener sensaciones"

§  Investigación y Dessarollo, "Diseña mexicano en Suecia primera prótesis con conexión directa a hueso, nervios y músculos"

§  El Teleton, "Mexicano crea prótesis con sensibilidad"

​​o   2014

§  El País, "Un brazo biónico permite hacer vida normal a un amputado"

§  ABC Salud, "Un brazo biónico permite a un amputado volver a su vida normal"

§  Sinc, "Manos y brazos biónicos devuelven el tacto a amputados"

§  La Nación, "Nuevo brazo biónico sigue impulsos de los nervios"

§  El Mundo, "Brazos biónicos permiten recuperar las funciones y el tacto a amputados"

§  Unocero, "Mexicano desarrolla una prótesis controlada con una interfaz directa al hueso"

§  El Diario, "Mexicano desarrolla una prótesis controlada con una interfaz directa al hueso"

o   2012

§  Med Gadget, "Nuevo método integrado para ayudar a mejorar el control de las prótesis"

·       Ukranian:

o   Paralel media, "В Швеции протестировали осязаемый протез руки, контролируемый мозгом"

Press releases from Chalmers University of Technology 

Published: Mon 03 Sep 2012. Modified: Sat 14 May 2016