Wordle Balance 4P

BALANCE 4P: Balancing decisions for urban brownfield regeneration – people, planet, profit and processes

Land take as a result of urbanization is one of the major soil threats in Europe. One of the key measures to prevent further urban sprawl and additional land take, is redevelopment of urban brownfields: underused urban areas with, in many cases, soil and groundwater pollution. A difficulty is that the responsibilities, tools and knowledge of subsurface engineering and urban planning and design are not integrated. The overall aim of BALANCE 4P is to deliver a holistic approach that supports sustainable urban renewal through the redevelopment of contaminated land and underused sites.

In order to reach the overall aim, the specific project objectives focus on different parts of the holistic approach:
1) application and assessment of methods for design of land redevelopment strategies for brownfields that embrace the case-specific opportunities and challenges;
2) development of a method for sustainability assessment of alternative land redevelopment strategies to evaluate and compare the ecological, economic and social impacts of land use change and remedial technologies; and
3) development of a practice for redevelopment of contaminated land in rules and regulations to enable implementations.

Partner organizations

  • r3 Environmental Technology Ltd (Private, United Kingdom)
  • City of Gothenburg (Public, Sweden)
  • Delft University of Technology (Academic, Netherlands)
  • Flemish Institute for Technological Research (Research Institute, Belgium)
  • Enveco Environmental Economics Consultancy (Private, Sweden)
  • Deltares (Research Institute, Netherlands)
Start date 01/01/2013
End date The project is closed: 31/12/2015
Project leader 

Jenny Norrman

Project members
Jenny Norrman (Civil and Environmental Engineering, Chalmers)
Lars Rosén (Civil and Environmental Engineering, Chalmers)
Jaan-Henrik Kain (Architecture, Chalmers)
Yevheniya Volchko (Civil and Environmental Engineering, Chalmers)
Linda Maring (Deltares, The Netherlands)
Suzanne van der Meulen (Deltares, The Netherlands)
Fransje Hooijmeijer (TU Delft, The Netherlands)
Steven Broekx (VITO, Belgium)
 Alistair Beames (VITO, Belgium)
Kaat Touchant (VITO, Belgium)
Tore Söderqvist (Enveco Environmental economics Consultancy, Sweden)
Anders Svensson (City Planning Office, Municipality of Gothenburg, Sweden)
Paul Bardos (R3 Environmental, UK)
Jenny Norrman

​External partners at the project
Deltares, The Netherlands  
TU Delft, The Netherlands  
VITO, Belgium  
Enveco Environmental economics Consultancy, Sweden  
City Planning Office, Municipality of Gothenburg, Sweden  
R3 Environmental, UK 

Funded by

  • Formas (Public, Sweden)

 The project is linked to FRIST kompetenscentrum

Norrman, J., Volchko, Y., Hooimeijer, F., Maring, L., Kain, J.-H., Bardos, P., Broekx, S., Beames, A., Rosén, L., 2016 Integration of the subsurface and the surface sectors for a more holistic approach for sustainable redevelopment of urban brownfields. Science of the Total Environment. Article in Press.

Page manager Published: Thu 17 Mar 2022.