News: Global related to Chalmers University of TechnologyFri, 23 Jun 2017 08:24:06 +0200 cell factories for the drugs of the future<p><b>​Pharmaceuticals based on proteins are promising candidates for the treatment of cancer and other severe diseases, but they can be hard to produce. In a new research project, Chalmers researchers will develop new genetically modified cells, so-called cell factories, which can produce the desired proteins.</b></p>​The market for pharmaceutical drugs that based on human proteins (protein drugs), is continuously increasing.<br /><br />&quot;Protein drugs give a more targeted effect and less side effects than traditional drugs based on small molecules,&quot; explains Jens Nielsen, Professor of Systems Biology at Chalmers.<br /><br />The hope is that you will be able to treat a very wide range of diseases, for example different types of cancer, diabetes or multiple sclerosis. The proteins are produced by the so-called cell factories - cells that are genetically modified to produce and secrete the desired protein. The problem is that it is difficult at present to produce some of these proteins.<br /><br />&quot;For some proteins it is straightforward to produce them, but with others it does not work at all. And we do not really know why, &quot;says Jens Nielsen.<br /><br />Now, the research groups of Jens Nielsen and Associate Professor Dina Petranovic, (Chalmers), with researchers at KTH, received a grant of SEK 34 million from the Foundation for Strategic Research to investigate protein production by a human cell line and by yeast cell factories, which the group has very much experience with.<br /><br />&quot;We want to understand why it doesn’t’ work sometimes, so we can then modify the cell factories to produce more different types of protein,&quot; says Jens Nielsen.<br /><br />Cell factories based on human cell lines are not yet commercially available. Today, most of pharmaceutical proteins are produced primarily by Chinese Ovary Hamster (CHO) cell lines. Pharmaceutical proteins produced in non-human cell lines can be identical to human proteins, or have very small differences which in some patients, the difference may give rise to a response from the immune system.<br /><br />&quot;With cell factories based on human cells, we aim to get completely identical proteins which would not induce such reactions,&quot; says Jens Nielsen.<br /><br />The long-term vision is that with cell factories it will be possible to produce all the desired proteins so that the needed protein pharmaceuticals come more quickly onto the market.<br /><br />Read more:<br /><a href="/sv/institutioner/bio/nyheter/Sidor/Proteinforskning-Jens.aspx">Pharmaceutical products based on human proteins </a>(in Swedish)<br /><br />Text: Ingela Roos<br />Photo: Johan BodellThu, 22 Jun 2017 17:00:00 +0200 crucial for transitioning to a sustainable society<p><b>​How do we successfully transition to a sustainable society, as fast as the climate requires? It’s complex, and many categories need to take action – politicians, companies and researchers. They all met at the 8th International Sustainability Transitions conference at Chalmers in June 2017.</b></p>​​Nearly all the countries in the world have subscribed to the vision of a sustainable future. But how do we achieve it? What obstacles are in the way? What roles should various players have, and how do we make the transition go fast enough? <br /><br />At the 8th International Sustainability Transitions Conference, hosted by Chalmers, scientists, politicians, organisations, and industry representatives addressed these questions. Watch the video above to hear some prominent voices from the conference.<br /><br />Read more:<br /><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/joint_initiatives/Pages/Chalmers-Initiative-in-Innovation-and-Sustainability-Transitions.aspx">Sustainability transitions research at Chalmers</a><br /><a href="">8th International Sustainability Transitions Conference</a><br /><br />Video: Torgil Störner and Ingela RoosThu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0200 of runaway electrons paves the way for fusion power<p><b>​Fusion power has the potential to provide clean and safe energy that is free from carbon dioxide emissions. However, imitating the solar energy process is a difficult task to achieve. Two young plasma physicists at Chalmers University of Technology have now taken us one step closer to a functional fusion reactor. Their model could lead to better methods for decelerating the runaway electrons, which could destroy a future reactor without warning.</b></p><div>​It takes high pressure and temperatures of about 150 million degrees to get atoms to combine. As if that was not enough, runaway electrons are wreaking havoc in the fusion reactors that are currently being developed. In the promising reactor type tokamak, unwanted electric fields could jeopardise the entire process. Electrons with extremely high energy can suddenly accelerate to speeds so high that they destroy the reactor wall. <br /> <br /></div> <div><span><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/340x296px/LinneaOla340x296IMG_0991.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" width="272" height="237" alt="" style="margin:5px" /></span>It is these runaway electrons that doctoral students Linnea Hesslow and Ola Embréus have successfully identified and decelerated. Together with their advisor, Professor Tünde Fülöp at the Chalmers Department of Physics, they have been able to show that it is possible to effectively decelerate runaway electrons by injecting so-called heavy ions in the form of gas or pellets. For example, neon or argon can be used as “brakes”. <br /><br />When the electrons collide with the high charge in the nuclei of the ions, they encounter resistance and lose speed. The many collisions make the speed controllable and enable the fusion process to continue.  Using mathematical descriptions and plasma simulations, it is possible to predict the electrons' energy – and how it changes under different conditions. </div> <div> </div> <div>“When we can effectively decelerate runaway electrons, we are one step closer to a functional fusion reactor. Considering there are so few options for solving the world's growing energy needs in a sustainable way, fusion energy is incredibly exciting since it takes its fuel from ordinary seawater,” says Linnea Hesslow. </div> <div> </div> <div>She and her colleagues recently had their article published in the reputed journal Physical Review Letters. The results have also attracted a great deal of attention in the field of research. In a short period of time, 24-year-old Linnea Hesslow and 25-year-old Ola Embréus have given lectures at a number of international conferences, including the prestigious and long-standing <a href="">Sherwood Fusion Theory Conference in Annapolis</a>, Maryland, USA, where they were the only presenters from Europe. </div> <div> </div> <div>“The interest in this work is enormous. The knowledge is needed for future, large-scale experiments and provides hope when it comes to solving difficult problems. We expect the work to make a big impact going forward,” says Professor Tünde Fülöp. </div> <div> </div> <div>Despite the great progress made in fusion energy research over the past fifty years, there is still no commercial fusion power plant in existence. Right now, all eyes are on the international research collaboration related to <a href="">the ITER reactor in southern France.</a><br /><br /></div> <div>“Many believe it will work, but it's easier to travel to Mars than it is to achieve fusion. You could say that we are trying to harvest stars here on earth, and that can take time. It takes incredibly high temperatures, hotter than the center of the sun, for us to successfully achieve fusion here on earth. That's why I hope research is given the resources needed to solve the energy issue in time,” says Linnea Hesslow.<br /><br /></div> <div>Text and image: Mia Halleröd Palmgren, <a href=""></a></div> <div> <img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/750x340/fusionsreaktor_image_EUROfusion750x340.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><span>Although the vacuum chamber in the British fusion reactor JET has a wall made of solid metal, it can melt if it gets hit by a beam of runaway electrons. It is these runaway elementary particles that doctoral students Linnea Hesslow and Ola Embréus have successfully identified and decelerated.<br /></span><span>Image:  © Eurofusion<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><span> <span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">Facts: Fusion energy and runaway electrons <br /></h3> <div>Fusion energy occurs when light atomic nuclei are combined using high pressure and extremely high temperatures of about 150 million degrees Celsius. The energy is created the same way as in the sun, and the process can also be called hydrogen power. Fusion power is a much safer alternative than nuclear power, which is based on the splitting (fission) of heavy atoms. If something goes wrong in a fusion reactor, the entire process stops and it grows cold. Unlike with a nuclear accident, there is no risk of the surrounding environment being affected. The fuel in a fusion reactor weighs no more than a stamp, and the raw materials come from ordinary seawater. </div> <div>As yet, fusion reactors have not been able to produce more energy than they are supplied. There is also a problem with so-called runaway electrons. The most common method of preventing this damage is to inject heavy ions, such as argon or neon, which act like brakes due to their large charge. A new model developed by researchers at Chalmers describes how much the electrons are decelerated, paving the way to making these runaway electrons harmless.  <br /><br /></div> <div>Read the scientific article <a href="">“Effect of partially-screened nuclei on fast-electron dynamics&quot;</a>.<br /></div> <div>  <br /></div> <div>The article was written by Linnea Hesslow, Ola Embréus, Adam Stahl, Timothy DuBois, Sarah Newton and Tünde Fülöp of the Department of Physics at Chalmers University of Technology, and Gergely Papp of the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics in Garching, Germany. <br /></div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3">More information: <br /></h3> <div><span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/hesslow.aspx"><strong><span><strong>Linnea Hesslow</strong></span></strong><span></span></a>,</span> PhD Student, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, +46 70 519 41 67,</div> <div><strong><a href="/en/staff/Pages/embreus.aspx">Ola Embréus</a></strong>, PhD Student, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, +46 73 052 80 70,</div> <div><strong><span><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Tünde-Fülöp.aspx">Tünde Fülöp</a></span></strong>, Professor, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, +46 72 986 74 40,<br /><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read the press release and download high resolution images. </a><br /></div>Tue, 20 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0200 networking event for AoA Nano<p><b>​16 June is the last chance to enroll in the annual community building event with the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Area of Advance (AoA). This year, all interested Chalmers researchers will gather at Strandbaden in Falkenberg on 21-23 August.</b></p><div>​We asked a few questions to Göran Johansson, co-director of the Area of Advance, Professor of Applied Quantum Physics and Head of the Applied Quantum Physics Laboratory at MC2.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">What is the AoA community building activity?</h4> <div>&quot;It's AoA Nano's biggest annual event, where all nano researchers at Chalmers gather and listen to first-class external lecturers and discuss research at one of the world's best cross-disciplinary nano-poster sessions,&quot; says Göran Johansson.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Who is the target group?</h4> <div>&quot;All nano researchers at Chalmers.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">How many times has it been arranged before?</h4> <div>&quot;Yearly since AoA Nano started, I think it's the fifth edition this year.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">How many participants are expected to come?</h4> <div>&quot;Between 100 and 150.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">What will happen?</h4> <div>&quot;We will have invited speakers, poster session, team-building, scientific speed-dating or similar interdisciplinary activity.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Which are the highlights?</h4> <div>&quot;In addition to our invited speakers, the poster session is a definite highlight!&quot; concludes Göran Johansson.</div> <div> </div> <div>The detailed program will be finished and announced later this summer.</div> <div> </div> <div>Text and photo: Michael Nystås</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/nano/society-industry/events/AoA2017/Pages/AoA2017.aspx">Read more about the networking event of the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Area of Advance</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;</div> Mon, 12 Jun 2017 09:00:00 +0200 Swedish autonomous underwater vehicle for research<p><b>​On 8 June the agreement with Kongsberg AS for building an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) was signed. The AUV is an important resource in the national infrastructure MUST (Mobile Underwater System Tools) at the University of Gothenburg and the first of its kind in Sweden.</b></p>​With the new underwater vehicle it will be possible to make detailed studies of the sea bottom on very large depths and to follow the climate thousands of years back in time.<br /><br />- The most interesting thing with the AUV for us is that it gives us the possibility to get in under the sea ice in the Arctic Ocean and around Antarctica to measure the thickness of the ice. Says Leif Eriksson from Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers’ representative in the steering committee for MUST.<br /><br />To make this kind of measurements has so far been very difficult. The results from the new underwater vehicle will be compared with the measurement results that Leif and his colleagues in the Division of Microwave and Optical Remote Sensing have from their satellite measurements of the sea ice. With this comparison they hope to be able to enhance the methods for estimation of the thickness of the sea ice and decrease the uncertainty about the total sea ice volume, how it is distributed geographically and how it varies over time.<br /><br />- It will be very exciting to see what information these measurements give. We look forward to having the new AUV built and up and running, says Leif.<br /><br />MUST is financed by grants from Knut and Allice Wallenberg Foundations and managed by a steering committee with representation from the University of Gothenburg, Stockholm University and Chalmers University of Technology.<br />n from the University of Gothenburg, Stockholm University and Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><br />For more information about the project please read <a href="" target="_blank" title="Link to Swedish press release at the University of Gothenburg">the pressrelease (in Swedish) from the University of Gothenburg</a>.<br /><br /><a href="/SiteCollectionDocuments/SEE/News/MUST_flyer_2014.pdf" target="_blank" title="Link to flyer about the MUST project">Flyer about the MUST project.</a><br /><br />Previous <a href="/sv/nyheter/Sidor/Svartillgangliga-havsomraden-kan-studeras.aspx" title="Link to precious Chalmers' news about MUST" target="_blank">Chalmers news about the MUST project (in Swedish)</a>.<br />Mon, 12 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0200 university presidents want to collaborate on PhD programme<p><b>The partner universities within Nordic Five tech – an alliance between the five leading Nordic technical universities – will help PhD students who want to do their programmes in more than one of the Nordic countries.</b></p>&quot;Together, the five technical universities in the Nordic Five Tech alliance have a great breadth and expertise in both research and education. Of course we should jointly take advantage of all this and the many new impulses that exchanges between our University provides, says Chalmers President Stefan Bengtsson.”<br /><br />More PhD students are to do their programmes across the five partner universities in the Nordic Five Tech alliance. That was the wish expressed by the presidents of the leading technical partner universities in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden when they met on 1 June at DTU.<br /><br />Here, they agreed on recommending a common guideline which all heads of PhD schools and supervisors are encouraged to follow. PhD students can, among other things, spend 6-12 months at another of the alliance’s universities and get a supervisor at both universities. The alliance has also established a common course database that everyone can use.<br /><br />“The PhD collaboration supports the alliance’s vision of building up an ‘extended campus’ where employees and students can benefit from the individual universities’ specialized competences, advanced infrastructures, and unique study programmes,” says Anders Overgaard Bjarklev, DTU President.<br /><br />Nordic Five Tech is already collaborating on offering five joint MSC programmes, on quality assuring the Nordic study programmes, and on research within selected Nordic fields of excellence, including the Arctic. In the coming year, the collaboration will be expanded to cover new fields. General supplementary education courses will be developed, among other things, and the collaboration on innovation and entrepreneurship will be given high priority.<br /><br />According to Times Higher Education, the five partner universities are among the world’s 55 leading ‘Technology Challengers’. They are excellent technical universities with a strategic focus on innovation and with strong industrial partnerships.<br /><br /><strong>Read more:</strong><br /><a href="/en/research/doctoral-programmes/Pages/joint-graduate-courses-.aspx">Joint graduate courses</a><br /><a href="">Nordic Five Tech PhD course database</a><br /><a href=""></a><br /><br /><strong>Text:</strong> Christina Tækker and Magnus Myrén<br /><br /><br /><strong>Nordic Five Tech  (N5T) </strong>is an exclusive, strategic alliance of the five leading technical universities in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden: Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Aalto University in Finland, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) and Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden.<br />See <a href="">Nordic Five Tech website</a><br />Mon, 12 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0200 innovation for energy saving in supermarkets<p><b>Refrigeration stands for almost 50% of the total energy consumption in supermarkets. The Chalmers and Climate-KIC supported start-up ChillServices seek to change that by saving around 3 to 5 % with easy implemented measures, and the researchers are convinced that 30-40% efficiency improvement is within reach.</b></p>​<span>​Refrigeration is one of the main drivers in supermarkets energy consumption, almost 50 % of the total. Almost 10 years ago, 2 guys started to ask questions about this consumption: How do you deal with internal heat within a supermarket? How much is this amount of heat? Where is the energy wasted and how could this be changed? This genuine interest was the start of a unique relationship between York Ostermeyer, his team and the REWE supermarket chain in Northern Germany.<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">A handshake agreement</h5> <p>A few years later (2014) the team originally formed at ETH Zürich, had moved to Chalmers and been complemented with <a href="/en/staff/Pages/tommiem.aspx">Tommie Månsson</a>, a PhD student interested in CFD modelling, and <a href="/en/staff/Pages/cmarx.aspx">Christian Marx</a>, a postdoc with a focus on remote sensoring. Investigations under the Climate-KIC flagship BTA, led to the development of a service and a product – the so called RDC FieldAgent and the SensorHold. Because of the existing strong relationship to REWE, it took a handshake to start a first pilot. Very rare, because supermarkets normally don’t work with Universities and co-operations are legally boarded.<br /><br /></p> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Astonishing outcome</h5> <p>The first evaluation had an outcome of decreased electricity consumption for each doored<span> </span>refrigerated display cabinet<span> </span>(RDC) by 3 %, which is approx. 6,000 kWh, roughly 4-5 tons CO2per retail store per year. After further improvement of the product and complementing it with a smartphone APP, REWE ordered the SensorHold for 1.500 RDCs with a total project volume of 300 kEUR. All managed by the start-up ChillServices, which was founded by Climate-KIC BTA and Chalmers University at the end of 2016.</p> <p>“We took some very hands-on measurements initially: e.g. we bended a piece of metal for our hotspot analysis, which we professionalised after the pre-tests. Very easy! With only a few clicks the craftsmen install the system and via the smartphone app we monitor the process and ensure the quality. As part of the process we generate a lot of data that can be used to tailor further services to our client. The energy saving that we enable is actually quite an achievement, as REWE is already the most advanced supermarket in terms of energy efficiency.“ – <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/york-ostermeyer.aspx">York Ostermeyer</a>, Associate Professor Chalmers University and co-founder of the ChillServices company</p> <p>“We are always scouting the market for ways to further improve the energy efficiency of our markets. The work with a Spin-off of an academic institution however is the first time for us. So far, it’s been an inspiring cooperation that generated some outstanding results with new learnings for everybody involved. With all the attention this is getting, I am optimistic that this can turn into a role model.”<span> </span>– Jan Lahmann, Head of Energy Management REWE North.<br /><br /></p> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Warranty for cool spaces is the long term vision</h5> <p>Currently Chillservices saves around 3 to 5 % CO2<span> </span>with easy implemented measures while at the same time improving food security, but the Spin-Off is convinced that 30-40% efficiency improvement is possible in the very near future by providing all kind of integral services and products related to a warranty for cool spaces to supermarkets against the lowest possible costs. This will of course require substantial changes in today’s value chains and business models and extensive cooperation with partners from cooling cabinet manufacturers to energy suppliers. When overcoming these barriers substantial benefits could be unlocked by an overall optimization. This might be years in the future, but ChillServices is dedicated to play a part in this.<br /><br /></p> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Clear path to expansion</h5> <p>Since supermarket chains constantly look for technologies meeting their sustainability strategies, ChillServices works on several activities in the upcoming period:</p> <ul><li>Fast implementation of SensorHold: goal for 2017 is 200 supermarkets with approx. 12,000 RDCs in Germany</li> <li>Acquire customer network – next markets: e.g. France and UK</li> <li>Implementation into the supermarket chain’s general sustainability strategy</li> <li>Solidify underlying business model</li> <li>Upscaling ChillServices in turnover, profits and team members<br /><br /></li></ul> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Open innovation &amp; mutual trust</h5> <p>ChillServices is the Spin-Off of a co-creation process between Climate-KIC BTA and Chalmers University of Technology. It started in The Building Technology lab environment at Chalmers with the investigation into air flows around windows and doors. The team at Chalmers, created models and studied the results. Because of their relationship with REWE, they took their ideas to a new field – supermarkets – and applied it there. This now results in a perfect illustration of co-creation and open innovation, in a setting of mutual trust. Climate-KIC BTA supports this project with funds, knowledge &amp; experience and network.</p> <p>“It has been a joy to see these men developing their product and service, to assist them in building up their start-up and then to see their first impact. It is exactly what Europe needs: the smartest minds producing smart, solid solutions to tackle climate change.” – Zeno Winkels, Business Developer Climate-KIC BTA<br /><br /></p> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">About ChillServices</h5> <p><span>ChillServices ensures CO2 savings in the range of roughly 4-5 t CO2 eq. per market per year. The target is 200 supermarkets in 2017 and eventually all 8,000 supermarkets of the REWE group. Or in other numbers: at cost-benefit-ratio of 5 EUR/t CO2 eq. that stands for a potential EUR 312,500 savings per year for REWE under current emission certificate process and easily more than 1 million EUR per year based on the lowest projections from 2020.</span></p> <p><span>Besides indirect emission certificate savings the measures currently pay off directly by energy savings alone within around 2 years. As retail store installations have a life time of around 15 years this is more than attractive for supermarket owners.</span></p> <p><span>Finally, the measures contribute to more homogenous cooling of the goods stored in the cabinets adding to lifetime and quality of what is eventually the main purpose of a supermarket – selling food.<br /></span></p> <p><br /></p> <p><a href="">Read more about the Climate-KIC BTA</a><br /><span></span></p> <p> </p> Sat, 10 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0200 video with Åsa Haglund on blue lasers<p><b>​Åsa Haglund, associate professor at the Photonics Laboratory at MC2, talks on her research on blue lasers in a new video published by the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF). SSF is also funding Åsa Haglund&#39;s research as well.</b></p><p>​Blue light – that is what Åsa Haglund her researchers at Chalmers aim to create. In 2014, the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to the invention of blue light emitting diodes used as bright, low energy sources of white light, a good replacement for the old energy guzzling incandescent light bulbs. However, Åsa Haglund wants to take it one step further.</p> <p>&quot;What we a<span></span>re interested in is whether it is possible to use laser-based lightning instead of LED lamps. LED lamps are very good, they are very energy efficient when you are not trying to get a lot of light from them. But you do want quite a lot of light from a lamp , so in order to get more light from the LED lamp you have to add a lot more current. However, in doing so, the efficiency drops dramatically, perhaps as much as from 80 percent to 40 percent&quot;, Åsa Haglund says in the video from SSF.<br /><br />Åsa Haglund is a member of the SSF career development programme for future research leaders, and funded with 6 MSEK for 2014-2019. Hear her tell more about her research, and future applications of the blue laser light, in the six minute film.</p>Fri, 09 Jun 2017 09:00:00 +0200 and artificial intelligence at the AHA Festival 2017<p><b>​Self-driving cars, robots, artificial intelligence and big data. The AHA festival at Chalmers gathers researchers, students and artists -  and invites the public to investigate the borders between science and art.</b></p>​This year, the theme is autonomy and the festival will take place at the Student Union building at Chalmers on 20-22 November. The program will be filled with public performances, lectures, workshops, exhibitions and seminar conversations.  It will be a melting pot for inquiring debates, dance, music, art, poetry, architecture and acrobatics. <p>“It is essential to have different perspectives and competences when facing the challenges in our society. The AHA festival combines different disciplines within both science and art and offers new ways of exploring the world, aiming towards a sustainable society”, says, Peter Christensson, one of two project leaders of the AHA festival. </p> <p>The idea of a border-crossing and international event emerged from a poetry evening at Chalmers, and from ongoing artistic research at the Department of Architecture. In 2014 the first AHA festival was arranged at the department and last year the Department of Physics joined the festival. This year the festival is expanding even more and presents a wide range of Chalmers research and thrilling border-crossing activities. </p> <p>“It might not be that well known, but Chalmers rests upon both a scientific and an artistic ground. This is one way of expressing that. The driving force behind all creativity is curiosity and the most essential questions are the ones that you have in mind when you leave the festival”, says Michael Eriksson, project leader of the AHA festival. </p> <p>The festival will be free of charge and open to the public. </p> <p>Text: Mia Halleröd Palmgren, <a href=""></a><br /><br /><a href="/en/departments/physics/news/Pages/See-the-short-film-from-the-AHA-Festival.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Check out a movie from the AHA festival 2016. </a><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Follow AHA festival on Facebook.</a><br /></p>Thu, 08 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Emanuelsson new CTO at Gapwaves<p><b>​Thomas Emanuelsson, adjunct professor at MC2, has been appointed as new Chief Technology Officer (CTO) for the chalmers-spinoff company Gapwaves in Gothenburg. He is the first adjunct professor in a small and medium-sized enterprise (SME).</b></p><div>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/temanuelsson_300px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" height="266" width="200" alt="" style="margin:5px" />&quot;It's incredibly exciting to be in a small company while having the opportunity to be an adjunct professor and thus have contact with the research community! I am convinced that there will be a fruitful exchange in both directions, says Thomas Emanuelsson.</div> <div>He was previously a staff member of Ericsson and was installed as an adjunct professor at MC2 in January 2015. He has then divided his time between Ericsson and Chalmers, and will continue to do so in his new role at Gapwaves.</div> <div> </div> <div>Thomas Emanuelsson has an extensive experience within the microwave industry with many years of experience in research, product- and technology development, and holds several patents. As CTO at Gapwaves, he is Director of Technology, Research and Development.</div> <div>Gapwave's CEO Lars-Inge Sjöqvist is very pleased with his new recruitment:</div> <div>&quot;With the experience that Thomas possesses, I believe that the role of CTO will suit him very well&quot;, he says in a press release.</div> <div> </div> <div>Text and photo: Michael Nystås</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">About Gapwaves AB </h4> <div>Gapwaves AB originates from research conducted at Chalmers University of Technology and was founded in 2011 to commercialize inventions for efficient wireless communication. The exponentially increasing use of data in our mobile devices creates an increasing demand for high performance wireless systems. For these systems, Gapwaves AB develops waveguide and antenna products based on the patented so called GAP waveguide technology. The company’s markets are e.g. telecom radio links, automotive radars, surveillance systems, and space observatories.</div> <div><a href=""></a></div>Wed, 07 Jun 2017 09:00:00 +0200 wants to build an HSB Living Lab in Houston<p><b>​Over the past six years, the HSB Living Lab project and Chalmers have worked closely with RICE University and NASA in Houston, USA. A delegation from the US is arriving on Thursday, 1 June 2017. With students and researchers at Chalmers and HSB Living Lab, they will build, install and hold workshops on the topic of smart urban household innovations during Bioloops Action Days.</b></p>​“We look forward to two exciting days full of activities on the topic of biological cycles linked to our living environments. At the end of the week, we will have new prototypes in place in HSB Living Lab, including a greenhouse and a system called hydroponics for growing food inside dwellings without using soil. We will also have a lot of new knowledge that we will apply in new test and research projects in HSB Living Lab,” says Frida Bard, project engineer at Chalmers and the initiator of the BioLoops project.<br /> <br />As well as the studies and workshops, there will be meetings for exchanges of experience and knowledge about how HSB Living Lab was constructed and how the project is managed.<br />   “NASA and Chalmers have worked together for many years. Back in the US, we have been talking about building a little sister to HSB Living Lab for a long time. We want to do it in Houston. Now it seems that our plans will come to fruition,” says Larry Toups, whose day job is as a space architect for NASA. He is in Sweden as a visiting professor at Chalmers.Thu, 01 Jun 2017 14:00:00 +0200 to William Hallberg and Evgenii Novoselov<p><b>​Congratulations to William Hallberg and Evgenii Novoselov, who are awarded scholarships from Solveig and Karl G Eliasson&#39;s Commemorative Fund.</b></p>​William Hallberg, PhD student at the Microwave Electronics Laboratory (MEL), was recently awarded a grant from Fredrik H Lamm's Fund. He is now receiving another grant, this time from Solveig and Karl G Eliasson's Commemorative Fund. The new grant of 30 000 SEK will be used for a field trip to the University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado, USA.<br /><br />Evgenii Novoselov is a PhD at the Terahertz and Millimetre Wave Laboratory (TML), and defended his thesis on 31 May. He is now awarded a grant of 20 000 SEK, which he will use for a workshop in Kurume, Fukuoka in Japan on 17-21 July.<br /><br />The yield from the fund is to be used to promote work within electrical engineering in the form of grants for the purchase and installation of equipment, publication activities, educational visits, arrangement of lectures and similar purposes in the field of electrical engineering.<br /><br />Solveig and Karl G Eliasson's Commemorative Fund is managed by the Chalmers University of Technology Foundation, the sole owner of Chalmers University of Technology AB.<br /><br />Text: Michael Nystås<br />Photo: Anna-Lena Lundqvist (Evgenii) and Private (William)<br /><br /><a href="/en/foundation/scholarshipsandgrants/Pages/EliassonsMF.aspx">Read more about Solveig and Karl G Eliasson's Commemorative Fund</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;Thu, 01 Jun 2017 13:00:00 +0200 workshop on gender and power<p><b>​&quot;Everything is all about power&quot;, Malmö Researcher Jesper Fundberg said when he attended a workshop on gender and norms on MC2 earlier this spring. He warned to stereotypify people, but at the same time stressed that it is important to understand that stereotypes in fact exist.</b></p><div>​Jesper Fundberg is a senior lecturer in sports science at Malmö University, and a researcher in masculinity, sport, ethnicity and gender. About 60 participants gathered in the lecture hall Kollektorn on 30 March to listen to the invited guest and talk about the perspectives he highlighted.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/jfundberg_690x330_kollektorn.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /> The initiative for the workshop came from Cristina Andersson, vice head of utilization and gender equality representative at MC2:</div> <div>&quot;The purpose of this event is to increase your awareness and willingness to discuss these issues in our own environment,&quot; she said briefly before she left the word to Jesper Fundberg.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Cowboys as an example</h4> <div>He began to establish that everything is all about power, and used cowboys from the wild west as illustrative examples:</div> <div>&quot;In that group it is the one who shoots fastest who has the power. But at the academy it's not as obvious. Here, instead, it's about being the one who has power over the agenda and about the issues discussed, the agenda power, said Jesper Fundberg.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/jfundberg_690x330_canyon.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Three strong standards</h4> <div>It was about men who take place, women who do not take place or who take place and are questioned for it. Here he had identified three strong standards:</div> <div>&quot;Men speak much more than women, but are often not aware of it. Have you ever heard a man say he is talking too much? Have you ever heard a woman say that? Men take time and place, a woman is cute, happy and caring. Why is not Angela Merkel happy? Why does she not look happy? It's actually a question discussed in Germany, but we never hear the same discussion about Donald Trump, said Jesper Fundberg.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Provoked</h4> <div>Some listeners were provoked by Jesper Fundberg and meant that he stereotyped people. Several gave him response and could tell about meetings with male students who did not take place, and female students who instead filled the room.</div> <div>- Of course, I do not talk about all men or all women. We are discussing patterns here today. One should be careful about stereotyping, while stereotypes actually exist,&quot; said Jesper Fundberg.</div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/jfundberg_sminkad_adjusted_220x180.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Heteronorm was another aspect raised. Fundberg showed two pictures of himself - one where he was wearing a suit and one where he wore women's clothes and was made up like a woman:</div> <div>&quot;When people do things outside the framework, they must immediately explain,&quot; he commented.</div> <div> </div> <div>At regular intervals, the lecture was broken by short two-minute discussions where participants were given an opportunity to discuss what they heard and ventilate their own experiences. Apparently these breaks were popular.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Easy to be a white middle-aged man</h4> <div>Fundberg found that it is easy to be in a masculine world, especially if you are a Swedish, white, middle-aged middle class man, and told how he is sometimes treated when he is lecturing:</div> <div>&quot;We do gender and generally believe that we in the academy are different and better. But people can come to me and say &quot;I listened to a female lecturer and did not mind at all, but now that I hear you say much the same things I think it's interesting!&quot;</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/jfundberg_kollage_full.JPG" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" height="200" width="300" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Women and men also tend to react in different ways, including within their respective genders.</div> <div>&quot;Women smile either blissfully and think &quot;he really tried to understand&quot; - or they are crossing their arms and think that the others only listen because I am a man and they discussed the same things for hundreds of years without results. Men usually have only one reaction - skepticism.</div> <div> </div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Male and female heads</h4> <div>In his research, among other things, Jesper Fundberg has investigated how male and female heads of departments are confirmed. Men often hear that they must continue their research in parallel with their assignment, and let others attend meetings because the male head can not take part in everything.</div> <div>&quot;Female heads, on the other hand, got the recommendation to quit their research because it was considered important to attend meetings to get information, and they can not do two things at the same time,&quot; said Fundberg.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text and photo:</strong> Michael Nystås</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/jfundberg_690x330_fruktsallad.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /> </div>Wed, 31 May 2017 09:00:00 +0200 ten times as effective as pure platinum in fuel cells<p><b>​A new type of nanocatalyst can result in the long-awaited commercial breakthrough for fuel cell cars. Research results from Chalmers University of Technology and Technical University of Denmark show that it is possible to significantly reduce the need for platinum, a precious and rare metal, by creating a nanoalloy using a new production technique. The technology is also well suited for mass production.</b></p><div>​”A nano solution is needed to mass-produce resource-efficient catalysts for fuel cells. With our method, only one tenth as much platinum is needed for the most demanding reactions. This can reduce the amount of platinum required for a fuel cell by about 70 per cent”, says Björn Wickman, researcher at the Department of Physics at Chalmers. </div> <div> </div> <div>If this level of efficiency is possible to achieve in a fuel cell, the amount of required platinum would be comparable to what is used in an ordinary car catalytic converter. </div> <div> </div> <div>“Hopefully, this will allow fuel cells to replace fossil fuels and also be a complement to battery-powered cars”, says Björn Wickman. </div> <div> </div> <div>Even though there have been fuel cell cars for about fifty years, advances have not led to a commercial breakthrough. The catalysts in today’s fuel cells require large amounts of platinum, which is one of the world’s most expensive metals. </div> <div> </div> <div><img width="174" height="174" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/Blandade%20dimensioner%20inne%20i%20artikel/legering_narbildI200x200MG_0737.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Previous research has shown that it is possible to mix platinum with other metals, such as yttrium, to reduce the amount of platinum in a fuel cell. Even so, no one has yet managed to create alloys with these metals in nanoparticle form in a manner that can be used for large-scale production. The major problem has been that yttrium oxidizes instead of forming an alloy with the platinum. </div> <div> </div> <div>This problem has now been solved by Chalmers researchers by combining the metals in a vacuum chamber using a technique called sputtering. The result is a nanometre-thin film of the new alloy that allows mass-produced platinum and yttrium fuel cell catalysts.</div> <div> </div> <div>To use the new material, today’s fuel cells need to change slightly, but doing so creates incredible opportunities.</div> <div> </div> <div>“When we can use our resources better, we save both the environment and lower costs. Fuel cells convert chemical energy into electrical energy using hydrogen and oxygen – with water as the only product. They have huge potential for sustainable energy solutions in transport, portable electronics and energy”, says Niklas Lindahl, researcher at the Department of Physics at Chalmers. <br /></div> <div><a href="">The results were recently published in the journal Advanced Materials Interfaces. </a> </div> <div> </div> <div>Text: Mia Halleröd Palmgren, <a href=""></a> </div> <div> ​</div> <div><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" /> Read the press release and download high resolution images. </a> </div> <div><img width="695" height="315" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/750x340/nanokatalysator750x340.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /> Image: Niklas Lindahl <br /></div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">How the new method works: </h5> <div>Nanoalloys of platinum (grey) and yttrium (blue) are created using sputtering in a vacuum chamber. This is done by directing plasma (purple) at a piece of platinum with small attached pieces of yttrium. The nanometre-thin alloy films effectively transform oxygen (red) and protons (white) into water. It is this reaction that causes the fuel cell to generate electricity. </div> <br /><h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">More information: </h5> <div><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Björn-Wickman.aspx">Björn Wickman</a>, Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology,<br />+46 31 772 51 79,</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/staff/Pages/Niklas-Lindahl.aspx">Niklas Lindahl</a>, Post Doc, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, <br />+46 31 772 33 33,<br /><br /></div> <div><img width="689" height="312" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/750x340/Bjorn_Niklas_Chalmersplatsen750x340MG_0643.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /> <span>New research results from Chalmers and the Technical University of Denmark can be a key to resource-efficient fuel cell cars. Two of the researchers behind the study are Björn Wickman and Niklas Lindahl at the Department of Physics at Chalmers.  <span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></div> <div> </div> <div><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read the scientific article “High Specific and Mass Activity for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction for Thin Film Catalysts of Sputtered Pt3Y” in Advanced Materials Interfaces.</a></div> <div> </div> <div>The article was written by Chalmers researchers Niklas Lindahl, Ligang Feng, Henrik Grönbeck, Christoph Langhammer and Björn Wickman, and by Eleonora Zamburlini, Maria Escudero-Escribano, Ifan E L Stephens and Ib Chorkendorff from the Technical University of Denmark. </div>Wed, 24 May 2017 07:00:00 +0200 the lead in the transition to a sustainable society<p><b>​If we are to successfully transition to a sustainable society, as the climate requires, many need to take action – countries, cities, businesses and organisations. What roles should various players take, and what are the challenges for those who take the lead? Chalmers invites you to a major conference on these questions in June.</b></p>​Nearly all the countries in the world have subscribed to the vision of a sustainable future. But how do we achieve it? What obstacles are in the way? What roles should various players have, and how do we make the transition go fast enough? <br /><br />These are the kinds of questions that transition researchers focus on. In June, many such researchers will gather in Gothenburg when Chalmers hosts the 8th International Sustainability Transitions Conference.<br /><br />“The conference focuses on the leadership and learning needed to speed up the transition to a sustainable society,” says Hans Hellsmark, transition researcher at Chalmers and coordinator of the conference.<br /><br />In addition to researchers, the conference is also for government agencies and ministries, organisations working towards the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals and companies that want to take the lead in sustainability transitions. The conference will feature over one hundred sessions under eleven themes, including leadership; entrepreneurship; urban, regional and corporate transitions; policy instruments and politics.<br /><br />“Our dialogue sessions are probably especially exciting for non-academics,” Hellsmark says. “They involve interaction between different players, making a point of collaboration and learning from each other. Monday’s panel discussion on political leadership and scientific knowledge in sustainable transitions also looks to be really exciting.”<br /><br />The keynote speakers are typical high points of any conference. They include Peter Senge from the MIT Sloan School of Management, who wrote the bestselling book The Fifth Discipline. He will be talking about what kind of leadership is required in sustainability transitions, and the challenges to different organisations when taking the lead.<br /><br />“The conference can give valuable insights into everything from the importance of grassroots involvement to the most effective policy instruments,” Hellsmark says. “And of course it’s a great opportunity to make good connections.”<br /><br />For Chalmers, the conference is an opportunity to showcase its strong research environment in the field of sustainability transitions. The researchers come from a variety of disciplines and are united under <a href="/en/areas-of-advance/energy/joint_initiatives/Pages/Chalmers-Initiative-in-Innovation-and-Sustainability-Transitions.aspx">Chalmers Initiative for Innovation and Sustainability Transitions</a>.<br /><br />The conference will be held on 18–21 June. Read more and register at the conference website: <a href="">8th International Sustainability Transitions Conference</a><br /><br />Text: Ingela Roos<br />Fri, 19 May 2017 13:00:00 +0200