News: Global related to Chalmers University of TechnologyTue, 19 Sep 2017 12:06:03 +0200 and other carbon nanomaterials can replace scarce metals<p><b>Scarce metals are found in a wide range of everyday objects around us. They are complicated to extract, difficult to recycle and so rare that several of them have become “conflict minerals” which can promote conflicts and oppression. A survey at Chalmers University of Technology now shows that there are potential technology-based solutions that can replace many of the metals with carbon nanomaterials, such as graphene.</b></p><div>​They can be found in your computer, in your mobile phone, in many of the plastics around you and in almost all electronic equipment. Society is highly dependent on scarce metals, and this dependence has many disadvantages.</div> <div> </div> <div>Scarce metals such as tin, silver, tungsten and indium are both rare and difficult to extract since the workable concentrations are very small. This ensures the metals are highly sought after – and their extraction is a breeding ground for conflicts, such as in the Democratic Republic of the Congo where they fund armed conflicts.</div> <div> </div> <div>In addition, they are difficult to recycle profitably since they are often present in small quantities in various components such as electronics.</div> <div> </div> <div>Rickard Arvidsson and Björn Sandén, researchers in environmental systems analysis at Chalmers University of Technology, have now examined an alternative solution: substituting carbon nanomaterials for the scarce metals. These substances – the best known of which is graphene – are strong materials with good conductivity, like scarce metals.</div> <div> </div> <div>“Now technology development has allowed us to make greater use of the common element carbon,” says Sandén. “Today there are many new carbon nanomaterials with similar properties to metals. It’s a welcome new track, and it’s important to invest in both the recycling and substitution of scarce metalsfrom now on.”</div> <div> </div> <div>The Chalmers researchers have studied  the main applications of 14 different metals, and by reviewing patents and scientific literature have investigated the potential for replacing them by carbon nanomaterials. The results provide a unique overview of research and technology development in the field.</div> <div> </div> <div><div>According to Arvidsson and Sandén the summary shows that a shift away from the use of scarce metals to carbon nanomaterials is already taking place.</div> <div> </div> <h3 class="chalmersElement-H3" style="text-align:center"><span>“Imagine being able to replace scarce metals with carbon. Extracting the carbon from biomass would create a natural cycle.” <span></span></span></h3> <h6 class="chalmersElement-H6" style="text-align:center">Professor Björn Sandén, Chalmers</h6></div> <div> </div> <div>“There are potential technology-based solutions for replacing 13 out of the 14 metals by carbon nanomaterials in their most common applications. The technology development is at different stages for different metals and applications, but in some cases such as indium and gallium, the results are very promising,” Arvidsson says. </div> <div> </div> <div>“This offers hope,” says Sandén. “In the debate on resource constraints, circular economy and society’s handling of materials, the focus has long been on recycling and reuse. Substitution is a potential alternative that has not been explored to the same extent and as the resource issues become more pressing, we now have more tools to work with.”</div> <div> </div> <div>The research findings were recently published in the Journal of Cleaner Production. Arvidsson and Sandén stress that there are significant potential benefits from reducing the use of scarce metals, and they hope to be able to strengthen the case for more research and development in the field.</div> <div> </div> <div>“Imagine being able to replace scarce metals with carbon,” Sandén says. “Extracting the carbon from biomass would create a natural cycle.” </div> <div> </div> <div>“Since carbon is such a common and readily available material, it would also be possible to reduce the conflicts and geopolitical problems associated with these metals,” Arvidsson says.</div> <div> </div> <div>At the same time they point out that more research is needed in the field in order to deal with any new problems that may arise if the scarce metals are replaced.</div> <div> </div> <div>“Carbon nanomaterials are only a relatively recent discovery, and so far knowledge is limited about their environmental impact from a life-cycle perspective. But generally there seems to be a potential for a low environmental impact,” Arvidsson says.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text: Ulrika Ernstrom</strong><br /><a href=""></a><br /><a href=""></a><br /><a href=""></a></div> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">FACTS AND MORE INFORMATION</h4> <div>Carbon nanomaterials consist solely or mainly of carbon, and are strong materials with good conductivity. Several scarce metals have similar properties. The metals are found, for example, in cables, thin screens, flame-retardants, corrosion protection and capacitors.</div> <div> </div> <div>Rickard Arvidsson and Björn Sandén at Chalmers University of Technology have investigated whether the carbon nanomaterials graphene, fullerenes and carbon nanotubes have the potential to replace 14 scarce metals in their main areas of application (see table). They found potential technology-based solutions to replace the metals with carbon nanomaterials for all applications except for gold in jewellery. The metals which we are closest to being able to substitute are indium, gallium, beryllium and silver. </div> <div> </div> <img src="/sv/institutioner/tme/PublishingImages/Nyheter/Andra%20storlekar/Tabell%20eng%20knappa%20metaller.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /> <div> </div> <div>Read the article: <a href="">Carbon nanomaterials as potential substitutes for scarce metals, published in the Journal of Cleaner Production, July 2017</a></div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>Read more about <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/rickard-arvidsson.aspx">Rickard Arvidsson</a>, Associate Professor, Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden<br /></div> <div> </div> <div><br /><span></span></div> <div> </div> <div>Read more about <a href="/en/Staff/Pages/rickard-arvidsson.aspx">Rickard Arvidsson</a>, Associate Professor, Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden</div> <div> </div> Tue, 19 Sep 2017 00:40:00 +0200 billion to be invested in electric mobility<p><b>​The Swedish government has decided to invest one billion kronor in the transition to an electrified transport sector. An important part of the initiative is a test bed in Gothenburg. Research institute Rise and Chalmers University of Technology will jointly build and own the facility.</b></p>​Mikael Damberg, Minister for Enterprise and Innovation, presented the initiative, which also includes biogas development, at a press conference at Lindholmen in Gothenburg on 5 September. A number of representatives from Volvo Group, Scania, Volvo Cars and Cevt (China Euro Vehicle Technology) participated together with Ann-Sofie Hermansson, Chairman of Gothenburg City Council, Pia Sandvik CEO of Risa, as well as Stefan Bengtsson, President and CEO of Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><br />“One third of the carbon dioxide emissions comes from the transport sector. To reduce emissions nationwide, the transport sector will have to go through a change”, says Mikael Damberg.<br /><br />The total investment is one billion kronor until 2023. The automotive industry is expected to contribute equivalent funding. In 2018, 180 million kronor will be invested in the test bed. Electrified gearboxes and drive shafts for different types of vehicles, component, drivetrain and full vehicle testing for hybrid and electric vehicles, charging, smart energy management, cloud computing and “Big data” usage – these are examples of research and testing areas for which the facility is to be equipped.<br /><br />Pia Sandvik, CEO of Rise, welcomes the initiative.<br /><br />“We will build a test bed with great innovation content”, she says.<br /><br />For Chalmers University of Technology, the initiative is of great importance for the quality of both research and education.<br /><br />“A facility of this kind will strengthen our ability to be at the forefront of knowledge in the transition to a fossil-free transport sector, and to promote the supply of competence to the industry in many ways”, says Stefan Bengtsson, President and CEO of Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><br />Henrik Svenningstorp has led Rise’s investigation of how a test bed for electric mobility could look and be financed. He will be heavily involved in the future work on building the test bed.<br /><br />“A strong research focus is important”, he says. “The test bed should not be for long-term testing only.”<br /><br />Fri, 15 Sep 2017 15:00:00 +0200 in the blood prove strong role of food for type 2 diabetes<p><b>​A pioneering method, developed at Chalmers University of Technology, has demonstrated its potential in a large study showing that metabolic fingerprints from blood samples could render important new knowledge on the connection between food and health. The study finds that diet is one of the strongest predictors of type 2 diabetes risk in older women.</b></p>​Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology and Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, have found that several diet and nutrient biomarkers – molecules that can be measured in blood that are related to diet – are linked with both risk to have type 2 diabetes and future risk of developing diabetes. <p>The study, published in the leading nutrition research journal American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, was carried out on 600 women from Gothenburg where diagnosis of diabetes was made at the start of the study, at their age 64, and again after 5 ½ years.<br /><br /></p> <p>The results underline that diet is an important factor when it comes to risk for developing type 2 diabetes, with fish, whole grains, vegetable oils and good vitamin E status found to be protective against type 2 diabetes, while red meat and saturated fat increased the risk for developing the disease. <br /><br /></p> <p>“What is really important is that we were able to reach these conclusions without having any additional information on diet from the subjects”, said lead author Doctor Otto Savolainen, who works at the Division of Food and Nutrition Science and the Chalmers Mass Spectrometry Infrastructure at Chalmers University of Technology.<br /><br /></p> <p>The blood samples were analysed at Chalmers, where a unique metabolic fingerprint, including many different diet biomarkers, could be linked to each woman at the specific time the sample was taken. Using this method it was possible for the first time to objectively determine the impact of key dietary components on future type 2 diabetes risk, as well as to find differences in dietary patterns between women with and without type 2 diabetes.<br /><br /></p> <p>“Collecting information about diet can be complicated and time consuming, and is always biased by what people remember and think they should report. Dietary biomarkers don’t have this problem, and highlight that dietary recommendations to avoid red meat and saturated fat and increase intake of plant-based oils and whole grains do seem to hold true, at least in this group of women”, says Associate Professor Alastair Ross, responsible senior researcher at Chalmers, at the Division of Food and Nutrition Science.<br /><br /></p> <p>“The new method has allowed us to measure several markers of diet and nutrient status at the same time in a large number of people, which we believe is the first time this has been done”, he says.<br /></p> <p>Although the role of diet is often discussed as a preventative measure for developing type 2 diabetes, this new research provides strong support for dietary guidelines, and underlines the importance of changing diet to improve health. <br /><br /></p> <p>“New methods such as ours will help to improve how we measure diet and understand in more detail how dietary patterns relate to disease”, says Alastair Ross.<br /> <br /><strong>Video: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">We know what you eat!</a></strong><br />See short video on researchers’ new ability to objectively measure what people eat, and the impact this cutting edge technology may have for individuals, researchers and society at large: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">We know what you eat!</a></p> <p><strong><br />More about this research</strong><br />Read the article published in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Biomarkers of food intake and nutrient status are associated with glucose tolerance status and development of type 2 diabetes in older Swedish women</a> </p> <br />The study was made in the Diwa cohort (Diabetes and Impaired glucose tolerance in Women and Atherosclerosis), an earlier study run by Björn Fagerberg and Göran Bergström, Institute of Medicine at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg. <br /><br /><br /><br />Text: Christian Borg<br />Photo: Johan Bodell Thu, 14 Sep 2017 15:00:00 +0200 understand bacterial communities<p><b>​The PhD thesis of Mariana Buongermino Pereira develops statistical models that provide an increased understanding of metagenomics data, that is, genetic material recovered directly from environmental samples. Mariana has studied horizontal gene transfer and methods to get rid of systematic noise.</b></p><p>​<img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Photo Mariana Buongermino Pereira" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MV/Nyheter/marianapereira250x300.jpg" style="margin:5px" />When dealing with biological phenomena which are random, not deterministic, the best way to describe them are through probabilistic models. Thus, we get a better understanding of the phenomena, so that we can make predictions on new data. Mariana studies DNA sequencing data. The human genome project, when all genes of the human genome were identified and mapped, was complete in 2003. Since then, lots of improvements have been made in the DNA sequencing techniques, which are known as NGS, next generation sequencing. These technologies generate lots of data and careful work is needed to make sense of them, not least to determine what is signal and what is noise. Because of the high variability involved in the techniques, and intrinsic to the biological process of interest, statistics is the best way to do this. </p> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Bacteria exchange genes between cells to adapt to the environment</h4> <p>Mariana’s research involves bacterial communities from the environment, from which samples have been taken and all DNA of the microorganisms in them have been sequenced. In these communities, she has studied horizontal gene transfer, the ability that bacteria have to exchange genes between cells. She focuses in one genetic mechanism that allows horizontal gene transfers, called integrons. The genes that have been transferred via integrons have a marker and a model of this marker is made to see what the bacteria are transferring and how they evolve to better adapt to their environment. In particular, this is a mechanism bacteria can use to become resistant against antibiotics. The 13 000 genes that have been found are from all sorts of environments – from oceanic samples, from the Amazonas, from geysers and from the guts of humans and elephants. They carry all sorts of different functions, although the majority do not correspond to any known function, indicating that further studies on this topic are required.</p> <p>Also, metagenomics data can explain how communities differ in the genetic level. For example, we can investigate if more antibiotic resistance genes are found in a polluted environment than in a pristine environment, or what bacterial genes are found in the gut of a patient with a disease compared to the gut of a healthy person. Usually in these comparisons between communities there is very much noise among the data. The second part of the thesis deals with the removal of this noise. Mariana have compared nine normalization methods to get rid of systematic noise, and the results show that some methods can produce high levels of false positives, and highlight the importance of using a suitable method. The thesis can be used as a guidance on how to analyse metagenomic data to better understand microbial communities. Also, the data of the 13 000 genes that have been found can easily be downloaded and used in other studies.</p> <h4 class="chalmersElement-H4">Master programme in Bioinformatics led to PhD position </h4> <p>When Mariana began her studies at the University of São Paulo she took the new programme Medical physics. She liked physics, mathematics and biology, which she was very curious about, but she did not want to read only one of the subjects. Medical physics, however, did not turn out to be exactly her thing. She finished her bachelor degree, moved to Sweden, and found the master programme Bioinformatics. In one of the courses there she met her current supervisor Erik Kristiansson, who recommended her to apply for the doctoral position she has held.</p> <p>– I would say about everything in Sweden is different from Brazil. What I really like in the academic life is the low hierarchical levels, that the professors and supervisors talk to you as to an equal and listen to your ideas.</p> <p>Next stop for Mariana is London, where she will have a three-year postdoctoral position at the Institute of Cancer Research. She has worked a little bit with cancer as well, although the paper has not been published yet. Still, the techniques she will use for her postdoc are the same as in her doctoral work. More specifically, she will work with identification of the driver mutations in prostate cancer. Mariana finds the cancer problems interesting and challenging, and she wants to see results of the research in a relatively near future. She also looks forward to move to London, even if she would be glad to return to Sweden in the future.<br /><br /><em>Mariana Buongermino Pereira will defend her PhD thesis “Statistical modelling and analyses of DNA sequence data with applications to metagenomics” on September 22 at 10.15 in the room Pascal, Hörsalsvägen 1. Supervisor is Erik Kristiansson, co-supervisor is Marija Cvijovic</em>.<br /><br /><strong>Text and photo</strong>: Setta Aspström</p>Thu, 14 Sep 2017 14:50:00 +0200 award ceremonies at the LT28 conference<p><b>​The Simon Memorial Prize, The Fritz London Memorial Prize and The IUPAP Young Scientist Prize in Low Temperature Physics. These prestigous awards were handed out during three solemn ceremonies at the 28th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics in Gothenburg recently. Eight awards of 500 Euro each to the best posters were also given.</b></p><div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/louis_taillefer_simonprize_IMG_8592_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /> </div> <div><em>Professor Louis Taillefer.</em></div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Simon Memorial Prize to Canadian Professor Louis Taillefer</h5> <div>Louis Taillefer, Professor at University of Sherbrooke and the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Canada, received the prestigious Simon Memorial Prize of 6 000 GBP. </div> <div>&quot;It is a tremendous honor and I am extremely grateful to receive the Simon Prize. I'm deeply moved when I realize that the community of low-temperature physicists has come to consider my contributions as being worthy of this prize&quot;, he said.</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/louis_taillefer_simonprize_IMG_8560_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />The Simon Memorial Prize was established in 1957 and commemorates the outstanding contributions to the science of Sir Francis Simon. The prize is an international prize with no restrictions on nationality. It is awarded for distinguished work in experimental or theoretical low temperature physics.</div> <div> </div> <div>Seamus Davis, chair of the selection committee, told the audience more about the background of the prize:</div> <div>&quot;The award is obviously designed to commemorate the important historic achievements of Sir Francis Simon. Over the intervening decades many of the world's leading low-temperature physicists have been recipients of this award. It's a very distinguished list of pioneering low-temperature physicists, going back now almost seven decades.&quot;</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/jamessauls_williamhalperin_jeevakparpia_fritzlondon_IMG_8721_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><em>James Sauls, William Halperin and Jeevak Parpia.</em><br /> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Fritz London Memorial Prize to distuinguished trio</h5> <div>Jeevak Parpia, Professor of Physics at Cornell University, USA, William P Halperin, Professor of Physics and Astronomy, and James A Sauls, Professor of Physics, both at Northwestern University, USA, was honoured with the Fritz London Memorial Prize of 10 000 USD each. The three winners were presented by Professor Paul Leiderer from the University of Konstanz, Germany, and a member of the prize committee.</div> <div> </div> <div>All three winners get the award &quot;in recognition of pioneering work on the influence of disorder on the superfluidity of helium-3.&quot; James Sauls is the theoretical researcher in the trio and was recognized in that aspect.</div> <div>The trio has been conducting seminal experimental and theoretical work on superfluid helium-3 (3He) in silica aerogels. Their work has provided “deep insights into the understanding of complex symmetry breaking in unconventionally paired condensed matter in the presence of disorder. This has proved to be a remarkable system for investigating the effects of disorder on unconventionally paired condensates … and other exotic superconductors.”</div> <div> </div> <div>Parpia, Halperin and Sauls thanked the selection committee for their awards:</div> <div>&quot;I would like to express my sincere gratitude to the committee for the recognition they afforded us by giving us the prize. It's truly humbling to go back and look at our past. I am incredibly grateful and appreciative of the organization of this conference, it has really been remarkable&quot;, said Jeevak Parpia, who also thanked his wife Banoo who sat in the audience.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;I appreciate very much the recognition by the committee and particularly the work of my Swedish colleagues. I've been to many low-temperature conferences&quot;, said James Sauls.</div> <div> </div> <div>&quot;It sure is an honor to be here, especially in the presence of my distinguished colleagues Jim and Jeevak, who I have the great pleasure of working with over so many years&quot;, said William Halperin.</div> <div>He also praised the conference organizers:</div> <div>&quot;LT28 is among the best conferences I have attended. All aspects have been outstanding; from the organization, the scientific programme to the food. I would like to thank specifically Per Delsing, your colleagues, your staff, and the committees.&quot;</div> <div> </div> <div>The Fritz London Memorial Prize, is administered by Duke University, USA, and awarded every three years. It recognizes scientists who have made outstanding contributions to the field of low-temperature physics. Eleven previous winners have also received the Nobel Prize in Physics.</div> <div>Fritz London was a distinguished European scientist who in 1939 emigrated to the United States where he became a professor of chemistry and physics at Duke University. The prize was established back in 1956.</div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Clifford Hicks and Vlad Pribiag awarded with the IUPAP Young Scientist Prize</h5> <div>Clifford Hicks, Max-Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Dresden, Germany, and Vlad Pribiag, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA, have been honoured with the 2017 Young Scientist Prize in Low Temperature Physics by the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP). They received their awards of 1 000 Euro on 14 August.</div> <div> </div> <div>John Saunders, chairman for the IUPAP prize committee, introduced and handed out the award which came with a medal, a certificate and the mentioned cash prize. </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/cliff_hicks_youngscientist_IMG_8622_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><em>Dr. Clifford Hicks.</em><br /> </div> <div>Dr. Clifford Hicks, gets the award &quot;for his pioneering development of low temperature measurement techniques, notably concerning the application of uniaxial stress, and his experiments on unconventional superconductivity.&quot;</div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/vlad_pribiag_youngscientist_IMG_8609_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><em>Dr. Vlad Pribiag.</em><br /> </div> <div>Dr. Vlad Pribiag, gets the award &quot;for his important contributions to two main areas of low temperature and nanoscale physics: superconductivity in the edge modes of two-dimensional topological insulators; spin-dependent quantum transport in one-dimensional semiconductors with strong spin-orbit coupling.&quot;</div> <div>His results have elucidated key aspects of the electronic properties of these novel materials, which are candidates for quantum and classical information processing.</div> <div> </div> <div>Both winners thanked the selection committee:</div> <div>&quot;Thank you very much for the introduction. It's a great honor to receive the IUPAP Award. But my work couldn't been done without the contributions of many others&quot;, said Vlad Pribiag and thanked a number of people who have been working close to him with the awarded experiments.</div> <div> </div> <div>The IUPAP Young Scientist Prize in Low Temperature Physics is awarded every three years.</div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Awards for best posters</h5> <div>Eight poster awards were also given during the conference. The awards were given in the areas &quot;superconductivity&quot;, &quot;quantum technology&quot; and &quot;quantum fluids and solids&quot;. Each award consisted of 500 Euro. One winner came from Chalmers: Gunta Kunakova (third from the right in the below picture), post doctoral researcher at the Quantum Device Physics Laboratory at MC2, in the field of quantum technology for her contribution &quot;Josephson effect in bulk free topological insulator nanoribbons&quot;.<br /></div> <img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/postervinnare_lt28_foto_susannah_IMG_4964_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />The other winners were Alexandra Palacio Morales, Germany, for her work &quot;Emergent phenomena in the magnetic-superconducting hybrid system Fe on Re (0001) analyzed by STM/S measurements&quot;, Miguel A. Sierra, Spain, for his work &quot;Thermoelectric Kondo effect in quantum dots beyond linear respons&quot;, Sergey Vasiliev, Finland/USA, &quot;High density atomic hydrogen and tritium stabilized in solid molecular films at temperatures below 1K&quot;, Yumika Aikawa, Japan, &quot;Electrical transport between MoS2 based electric double layer transistor and normal and superconducting Al&quot;, Petr Doležal, Czech Republic, &quot;Superconductivity in LaPd2Al2-xGax compounds&quot;, Kacper Wrzesniewski, Poland, &quot;Kondo effect in transport through quantum dot based Cooper pair splitters&quot;, and Sachiko Nakamura, Japan, &quot;Order-disorder transition in 2D quantum systems and Its doping effects.&quot; <div> </div> <div>Text and photo: Michael Nystås</div> <div>Photo of poster winners: Susannah Carlsson</div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5"> <img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/lt28_fika_IMG_8837_665x330.jpg" alt="" /><br /><br />About the 28th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics &gt;&gt;&gt;</h5> <div>The conference bringed together 900 researchers from around the world on 9-16 August at the Swedish Exhibition &amp; Congress Centre in Gothenburg. It is the most important conference in low temperature physics, and is organized every three years, alternating in Europe, Asia and America. This year's conference was organized by MC2 in collaboration with the Department of Physics at the University of Gothenburg. The target group is physicist who works at low temperatures. The next conference – LT29 – will be arranged in Sapporo, Japan, on 16-22 August 2020.<br /><a href=""></a></div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Read previous news about LT28 &gt;&gt;&gt;</h5> <div><a href="/en/departments/mc2/news/Pages/Large-conference-on-low-temperature-physics.aspx">Large conference on low-temperature physics</a></div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/mc2/news/Pages/Flying-start-for-conference-on-low-temperature-physics.aspx">Flying start for conference on low temperature physics</a></div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Read more about the Simon Memorial Prize &gt;&gt;&gt;</h5> <div><a href=""></a></div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Read more about the Fritz London Memorial Prize &gt;&gt;&gt;</h5> <div>The Fritz London Prize was created to recognize scientists who made outstanding contributions to the advances of the field of Low Temperature Physics. It is traditionally awarded in the first session of the International Low Temperature Conference, which is sponsored by the IUPAP (International Union of Pure and Applied Physics) and was first awarded in 1956.</div> <div><a href=""></a></div> <div><a href=""></a></div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">IUPAP Young Scientist Prize in Low Temperature Physics &gt;&gt;&gt;</h5> <div><a href=""></a></div> <div><a href=""></a></div>Thu, 14 Sep 2017 09:00:00 +0200 project that sets the standard for 5G in vehicles<p><b>​The development of 5th generation mobile broadband systems, 5G to replace today&#39;s 4G, is in full swing. Chalmers is part of a two-year project that brings together industry and academia to develop a common global standard for future vehicle communication.</b></p>​“It's about using telecommunications to increase traffic safety and transport efficiency through connected and collaborative systems”, says Professor Erik Ström, Head of Communication and Antenna Systems at the Department of Electrical Engineering. “Today's wireless mobile system is not powerful enough to be used for vehicle communication, where safety always must be put first.”<br /><br />For traffic safety applications, very high demands are imposed on the reliability of the data being transmitted. In some cases, more than 99.999 percent of the transmitted information must also be delivered to the recipient.<br /><br />“In addition to the demands of high reliability, it is also crucial that data communication is fast and not delayed”, he continues. “In order to be traffic-safe, transmission times have to be as short as 5 milliseconds in certain use cases. This is very challenging.”<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Projektet%20som%20sätter%20standarden%20för%205G%20i%20fordon/Erik_Strom_200x280px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><br /><strong>Creates consensus among competitors</strong><br />In the project, competitors like Ericsson, Nokia and Huawei side by side, along with vehicle manufacturers like Volvo Cars and PSA, work out the common prerequisites for the 5G system and a global standard for vehicle communication.<br /><br />The work is about creating consensus and to agree on matters that need to be standardized. The telecom industry requires a common system platform to start from, when the manufacturers in the next step separately develop their products for the market.<br /><br />&quot;I am very pleased that we at Chalmers are taking part in setting the standard”, says Erik Ström. “It is an important and highly sought-after network to participate in, including both industry and other universities. We contribute, among other things, with knowledge from our fundamental research on positioning and wireless systems. In total, we expect the project to involve 46 month´s work for our researchers.”<br /><br />A part of the project is about vulnerable road users, such as pedestrians and cyclists. When the 5G technology is available in each person's mobile phone, data collection for example about position, direction and speed could be used to further enhance traffic safety in different situations.<br /><br />The project started in June 2017, and Chalmers made the first part-delivery in early September. By mid-2019, selected technology components will be demonstrated and project results incorporated into the 5G standard. The overall goal of 5GCAR is that vehicles connected with 5G technology will be out on the roads from 2020.<br /><br /><strong>Renewed confidence</strong><br />&quot;We are very pleased to, once more, been given the confidence to use our research in the development of technology that enables 5G in vehicles&quot;, says Erik Ström. “For us, this is the second project within 5GPPP. We have long and fruitful partnerships in the past with Ericsson and Volvo Cars and other 5GCAR partners.”<br /><br /><br /><strong>Facts about 5GCAR</strong><br /><ul><li>5GCAR stands for &quot;Fifth Generation Communication Automotive Research and Innovation&quot;.</li> <li>The project is funded by the EU and has a budget of EUR 8 million. Chalmers share is EUR 0.5 million.</li> <li>5GCAR includes 14 partners. In addition to Chalmers, Ericsson, Bosch, Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya, Centro Tecnológico de Automoción de Galicia, Huawei, King's College London, Marben, Nokia, Orange, PSA Group, Sequans, Viscoda and Volvo Cars participate.</li> <li>The project runs for two years, from June 2017 to June 2019.</li> <li>5GCAR is included in phase 2 of the European project 5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership (5GPPP) and is part of the Horizon 2020 research program.</li></ul> <p><br /></p> <a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about 5GCAR</a><br /><br /><strong>Text:</strong> Yvonne Jonsson<br /><strong>Photo:</strong> Oscar Mattsson<br /><br /><br /><a href=""></a><strong>Read about previous research projects</strong><br /><a href="/en/projects/Pages/Mobile-and-wireless-communications-Enablers-for-Twenty-twenty.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />METIS – Mobile and wireless communications Enablers for Twenty-twenty (2020) Information Society</a><br /><a href="/en/projects/Pages/Mobile-and-wireless-communications-Enablers-for-Twenty-twenty.aspx"></a><br /><a href="/en/projects/Pages/Millimetre-Wave-Based-Mobile-Radio-Access-Network-for-Fifth.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />mmMAGIC – Millimetre-Wave Based Mobile Radio Access Network for Fifth Generation Integrated Communications</a><br /><br />Tue, 12 Sep 2017 14:30:00 +0200 doubts about age assessments<p><b>Petter Mostad, Associate Professor of mathematical statistics, is critical of the fact that the National Board of Forensic Medicine’s age assessments of people seeking asylum have begun before the method has been verified. In a research project of his own he will review the statistics in the methods of the Board.</b></p><p>​<img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="NMR scan of knee joint" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MV/Nyheter/PMknee250x.jpg" width="250" height="214" style="margin:5px" />Petter entered the field of forensic statistics, in particular DNA relationship analysis, already in the 1990s but it is not because of that he has become involved in the issue. Instead, it was a colleague at Mathematical Sciences who had a friend that was a trustee for a refugee, and who asked if the statistical argument used in an asylum rejection was indeed scientific. Petter wrote a statement about this and ultimately the person got a residence permit, but of course it is difficult to know if the statement contributed in any way. One and a half year after this, that is last autumn, there was a wave of administrative messages about stricter age assessments, and after a short delay Petter received a corresponding wave of statistically dubious decisions.</p> <p>– The individual cases I have seen is of course only those where there is an appeal, but common to them was a strange use of statistics. Obviously, it is sad for those people that suffer from a bad use of science, but I also feel a responsibility for statistical science itself so that it does not get a bad reputation if it appears to determine what cannot be supported.</p> <p>Petter wrote some further statements, about how the medical observations had been used when making decisions, and acquainted himself with literature that existed on the subject. Since last spring, the Swedish Migration Agency demands that medical age assessment of people seeking asylum is performed by the National Board of Forensic Medicine. They use X-rays from wisdom-teeth and NMR scans from knee joints, and in many cases the results are contradictory, that is, one has reached final stage but not the other, and vice versa. Knee joints have not been researched upon to any large extent, and there is great uncertainty about how to interpret these results. The method is being investigated by the National Board of Health and Welfare with the help of people where the age is known, it is to be ready in November, but already results from the method are used. Petter finds this strange – as well as the fact that not results from wrists are used instead, where there are more studies.</p> <p><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="X-ray of teeth" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MV/Nyheter/PMteeth250x.jpg" style="margin:5px" />There are on the other hand some research around wisdom-teeth, for example a large study in the USA in the 1990s, where traditionally you take a sample from a population, compare the dental status and known age, and describe the age range for a given dental status. A physical marker is chosen that changes a lot at about the age of 18 and which relate to the development stage of the roots of the wisdom-teeth. You observe this age marker for a person seeking asylum, and then use the corresponding spread in the studied population to predict the age of the person. One problem with this is that the individual must be considered to be a sample of that population, and different ethnic groups have different genetics and maturing conditions.</p> <p>– Another problem is that there is a dependency between the reason that these individuals are age assessed and the variable you want to predict, you suspect that they are of a certain age. This means that you cannot directly use the probabilities you get. In all cases that I have looked upon there is also other information, such as family relationships and psychosocial statements, but the administrators at the Migration Agency do not know how to handle this. They ignore the uncertainty, and the medical age assessments become a too large part of the final decision.</p> <p>What Petter now wants to do is to evaluate the method of the National Board of Forensic Medicine, to try to estimate how large the errors are statistically, and if the decision-making procedure is optimal. The Ethical Vetting Board has asked him to supplement information on how the personal integrity is preserved and about the competence for assess X-ray sheets, but Petter will only evaluate if the statistics are well done or not, so this information is not really relevant. In the long run he would like to introduce a methodology that, based on a Bayesian decision-making theory framework, may weigh all available information of different types in order to make a decision, in a manner that is reasonable and scientifically feasible also for an administrator at the Migration Agency, and as far as possible minimize the uncertainty and get rid of arbitrariness.</p> <p>– It is about the well-known problem of optimal decisions under uncertainty and this can, as so much else, be mathematized. Sweden should not go out and say that children are allowed to stay in the country at the same time as people are possibly expelled on loose or incorrect grounds, it is a matter of honesty. Mathematically this can be a simple problem, but it is very political and a real challenge to get an audience for the ideas. I still receive lots of e-mails about decisions that have been made, but I do not have time for them and I am not sure my statements are being used in any case. Instead, I try to influence the system through research.<br /><br /><strong>Text</strong>: Setta Aspström<br /><strong>Pictures</strong>: NMR scan of knee joint, X-ray of teeth, private</p>Mon, 11 Sep 2017 09:15:00 +0200,-medicine-and-chemicals-may-be-sustainably-engineered-from-yeast.aspx,-medicine-and-chemicals-may-be-sustainably-engineered-from-yeast.aspxFuels, medicine and chemicals may be sustainably engineered from yeast<p><b>​Yeast have become increasingly interesting as paths to address several societal challenges over the last years. Verena Siewers explains how, here – and at the KAW jubilee symposium Metabolism – The Foundation of Life.</b></p><div>​The Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation is celebrating its 100-year anniversary with a series of symposia in various university cities around Sweden. The one in Gothenburg will focus on metabolism and will be held 28 September in Conference Centre Wallenberg. Anybody with an interest in the topic is invited to attend.</div> <div> </div> <div>At the symposium, young promising researchers from the University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology will be paired with internationally renowned experts in the respective fields. The young researcher will present his or her research and introduce the international guest. </div> <div> </div> <div>Verena Siewers, researcher at the department Biology and biological Engineering, will talk about the use of yeast for the production of chemicals.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Why is yeast interesting for the production of chemicals?</strong></div> <div>– Many of these chemicals are currently derived from petroleum or other non-sustainable sources. Therefore the aim of this research is to provide a sustainable source for a number of compounds that are used for example as fuels, lubricants, polymer building blocks, cosmetics, food ingredients or pharmaceuticals, says Verena Siewers.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>You will be introducing Christina Smolke, Professor of Bioengineering at Stanford University. Tell us about her!</strong></div> <div>– Christina Smolke is a world-known synthetic biologist who has constructed artificial control devices based on RNA that are able to regulate microbial metabolism. She is probably most famous for her research on transferring complex biosynthetic pathways to yeast and by this enabling yeast to produce pharmaceuticals such as opioids.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>What are the main challenges in your research field right now?</strong></div> <div>– There have been numerous proof-of-concept examples in the past years (both by academia and industry), where microbes are engineered to produce certain chemicals. However, only a relative small number has made it to industrial-scale production so far. A major challenge is therefore the closing of this gap.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text:</strong> Christian Borg</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <div>September 28 the jubilee symposium <strong>Metabolism – The Foundation of Life</strong>, is held to celebrate Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation’s 100-year anniversary. <a href="/en/about-chalmers/calendar/Pages/Metabolism-–-The-Foundation-of-Life.aspx">More information and registration &gt;&gt;</a> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Read</h2> <div><a href="/en/departments/bio/news/Pages/Symposium-on-Metabolism-the-Foundation-of-Life.aspx">Symposium on Metabolism - the Foundation of Life</a><br /></div>Mon, 11 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0200 on Metabolism - the Foundation of Life<p><b>​The Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation is celebrating its 100-year anniversary with a series of symposia in various university cities around Sweden. The one in Gothenburg will focus on metabolism and will be held 28 September in Conference Centre Wallenberg. Anybody with an interest in the topic is invited to attend.</b></p><div>​At the symposium, young promising researchers from the University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology will be paired with internationally renowned experts in the respective fields. The young researcher will present his or her research and introduce the international guest.</div> <div> </div> <div>–When we were offered the opportunity to host a symposium in Gothenburg, the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences had already selected the topic. Gothenburg has a long tradition of strong research in the area of metabolism, and the symposium request is a recognition of that, says Sven Enerback, professor of medical genetics and one of the scientists in the programme committee.</div> <div> </div> <div>In addition to Enerbäck, the programme committee consists of Professor Maria Falkenberg from the University of Gothenburg and Professor Jens Nielsen from Chalmers University of Technology. Each committee member has chosen two topics, invited appropriate top scientists and teamed them up with promising young researchers from Gothenburg.</div> <div> </div> <div>–In order to understand the importance of metabolism, let me put it like this: Where there is a metabolism, there is life. Where there is no metabolism, there is no life, says Enerbäck.</div> <div> </div> <div>He explains that the scientists in the field are interested in much more than just the diseases typically associated with metabolism. In fact, the study of metabolism may concern anything from diabetes and how to programme yeast to produce medicines to intestinal microbiota and cell mitochondria.</div> <div> </div> <div>–We know that interference with this process leads to many different types of diseases, like cardiovascular illness, obesity and diabetes, but also cancer. Tumours modify their metabolism to benefit their own growth. This knowledge may help us find ways to block the metabolism of cancer cells and eventually be able to offer treatments and medicines. Even dementias may partly be due to a faulty metabolism. Metabolism is a vital function for all cells. If they don’t get the energy they need, they die, says Enerbäck.</div> <div> </div> <div>Anders Rosengren is a researcher at the Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology. He will present his research and introduce Professor Christina Smolke from Stanford University.</div> <div> </div> <div>–I’m going to talk about our latest findings from connecting bioinformatics with studies on pancreatic beta cells to explore the underlying disease mechanisms in type 2 diabetes. I will also describe examples of how beta cell research can be transferred to the treatment of patients.</div> <div> </div> <div>Doctor Valentina Tremaroli is one of the young scientists of the University of Gothenburg who will present her research as an introduction of Director Ruth Ley from the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen. Valentina Tremaroli will talk about the human microbiota and how it influences human physiology and in particular metabolism.</div> <div> </div> <div>–After weight loss, we have seen alterations to the gut microbiota, indicating that specific modulation might be helpful for the treatment or prevention of metabolic diseases. I will talk about how the gut microbiota can contribute to metabolic regulation, says Valentina Tremaroli.</div> <div> </div> <div>Enerbäck points out that the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation provides invaluable support to Swedish research and has been immensely important.</div> <div> </div> <div>–The Foundation’s 100-year anniversary is a big deal. Over the years, it has granted huge amounts of money to research projects that in various ways have been “beneficial to Sweden”. Considering the size of the country, having a foundation that provides such strong support to research is totally unique.</div> <div> </div> <div>The symposium will be held in English. Although it is open to the public, it is not a popular science event.</div> <div><a href="/en/about-chalmers/calendar/Pages/Metabolism-–-The-Foundation-of-Life.aspx">Read more and register &gt;&gt;</a> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">International scientists, see top picture</h2> <div><strong>Sir Doug Turnbull,</strong> Professor, Mitochondrial Research Group, Newcastle University</div> <div><strong>Ruth Ley</strong>, director, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Tübingen</div> <div><strong>Bruce M. Spiegelman</strong>, professor, Spiegelman Lab, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard University</div> <div><strong>Christina Smolke</strong>, professor, Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University</div> <div><strong>Sekar Kathiresan</strong>, doctor, Center for Genomic Medicine Massachusetts General Hospital</div> <div><strong>Dame Frances Ashcroft</strong>, professor, Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford</div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">About the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation</h2> <div>The Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation supports long-term, free basic research beneficial to Sweden, mainly in medicine, technology and the natural sciences. This is achieved through long-term grants to free basic research of the highest international standard.</div> <div>In the 100 years since its establishment, the Foundation has granted SEK 24 billion to excellent Swedish research and education. Recent annual grants of SEK 1.7 billion make the Foundation one of the largest private funders of scientific research in Europe.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text:</strong> Carina Elmäng</div> <div> </div> <h2 class="chalmersElement-H2">Read</h2> <div><a href="/en/departments/bio/news/Pages/Fuels,-medicine-and-chemicals-may-be-sustainably-engineered-from-yeast.aspx">Fuels, medicine and chemicals may be sustainably engineered from yeast</a></div> Mon, 11 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0200,000 participants at conference on optical communication<p><b>​​On 17-21 September, around 5,000 researchers from around the world gather at the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) at the The Swedish Exhibition &amp; Congress Centre in Gothenburg. &quot;I hope we will hear many exciting research results. Chalmers has a record of contributions this year with at least 21,&quot; says the chairman of the program committee, Professor Peter Andrekson at MC2.</b></p><div>He is a Professor of Photonics at the Photonics Laboratory at the Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience – MC2. By his side, he has Cristina Andersson, Vice Head of Department for Utilization at MC2, who draws a heavy load in the planning of the conference.</div> <div> </div> <div>ECOC 2017 is the largest conference on optical communication in Europe and one of the largest and most prestigious events in this field worldwide. This year's edition is the 43th in the scheme. In Gothenburg, the conference has not been arranged since 1989. Peter Andrekson was involved back then.</div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Who is the intended audience for the conference?</h5> <div>&quot;Researchers and product developers, as well as anyone else who has an interest in learning about trends in the area&quot;, says Andrekson.</div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/ecoc17-logo_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />ECOC 2017 has a digested program of 450 speakers and a giant exhibition of representatives from the international business community, with 4,000 participants. To the main conference, about 1,000 participants are expected to come, mostly from Europe, North and South America, Asia and Pacific.</div> <div> </div> <div>New for this year is that PhD students from Chalmers are offered to listen to the four plenary lectures and see the large exhibition for free. Just sign up via the link at the bottom of this article.</div> <div> </div> <div>The plenary speakers are Vijay Vusirikala, Head of Optical Network Architecture and Engineering at Google, Anne L’Huillier, Professor of Atomic Physics at Lund University, Professor Philip Diamond, Director-General of the SKA radio telescope (Square Kilometre Array), and Kazuo Hagimoto, President, CEO and Co-Founder of NTT Electronics in Tokyo.</div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">What will happen and what should not be missed?</h5> <div>&quot;The plenary session and postdeadline session usually draw most people. The ECOC will also have attractive social events&quot;, says Peter Andrekson, and mentions, among other things, a concert with Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra in the Concert Hall, a welcome reception at Universeum with the City of Gothenburg as host, and a big banquet dinner at Kajskjul 8.</div> <div> </div> <div>ECOC 2017 is organized by MC2 in collaboration with the research institute Rise Acreo, Ericsson AB, Telia AB and the Technical University of Denmark (DTU). Peter Andrekson is in charge of the conference's scientific programme and is chairman of the technical programme committee which planned the content. The program committee consists of a total of 110 people. Among the members are also the MC2 researchers Magnus Karlsson, Professor of Photonics, Deputy Head of department and Head of graduate education at MC2, and Jochen Schröder, senior researcher at the Photonics Laboratory at MC2.</div> <div> </div> <div>Text: Michael Nystås</div> <div>Photo: Henrik Sandsjö</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Read more about ECOC 2017</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Read more about the plenary session</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Read more about the conference programme</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Key Persons who make ECOC 2017 happen</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Read more about the ECOC Exhibition</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">PhD Student? Sign up for free!</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;</div> Wed, 06 Sep 2017 16:00:00 +0200 will lead the Graphene Centre at Chalmers<p><b>​Ermin Malic, Associate Professor at the Department of Physics, is the new Director of the Graphene Centre at Chalmers. Succeeding Patrik Carlsson, Ermin Malic started his assignment on the 1st of September 2017.</b></p><strong>​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/Divisions/Condensed%20Matter%20Theory/Staff/Ermin_Malic_170x220.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />What will be your major task?</strong><br />–    I will be to provide a forum for 2D material researchers to exchange ideas, to identify synergy effects, to build new and strengthen already existing collaborations, and finally to initiate and coordinate joint applications for grants. We will also offer a platform for industry partners to discuss current challenges in technology, to identify the need for specific research directions, and to start joint projects with Chalmers' researchers. Finally, we will also address students at different levels with the aim to fascinate them for 2D material research and to bring them together with our researchers.<br /><br /><strong>What are your expectations and what do you wish to accomplish?</strong><br />–    I wish to establish a community of 2D materials researchers and industry partners, who profit from each other's expertise aiming at the solution of scientific questions relevant for future technology. I also hope to motivate students to enter the exciting field of 2D materials. Coordinating the Graphene Centre is an exciting and challenging task. I feel determined to make it work.<br /><br /><strong>How would you describe the Graphene Centre?</strong><br />–   The Graphene Center gathers all research at Chalmers on atomically thin 2D materials, including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, van der Waals heterostructures and related materials. The explored scientific questions cover fundamental research including physics, chemistry, and material science and application-oriented research aiming at the design of novel technologies.<br />Text: Mia Halleröd Palmgren, <a href=""><br /></a><br /><a href="/en/centres/graphene/Pages/default.aspx"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about the Graphene Centre at Chalmers</a><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about Ermin Malic</a><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about the Graphene Flagship</a>Wed, 06 Sep 2017 12:00:00 +0200;s goal is to eliminate malaria<p><b>​Pedro Pagalday landed a dream job. After finishing his studies in Biomedical Engineering at Chalmers he now works for the Clinton Health Access Initiative. He is leading a project about a disease surveillance system to eradicate malaria in Southeast Asia.</b></p><strong>​Congratulations on your new job at the Clinton Foundation! What is your work about? </strong><br />The Clinton Health Access Initiative supports governments to scale up effective interventions for prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance of diseases as malaria. The goal is to sustainably reduce the number of malaria-related illnesses and deaths worldwide, and accelerate towards malaria elimination in the long term. <br />My role is to help governmental programs in Lao, Myanmar/Burma, Cambodia, and Vietnam improve how they collect and analyze data to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their efforts to eliminate the disease. It is about building in-country capacity related to the use of information technology in terms of creating, modifying and maintaining surveillance platforms. I work with technology companies, academic partners, the World Health Organization WHO, and other non-governmental organizations to ensure that the malaria programs have the tools required to monitor and evaluate progress towards elimination.<br /><br /><strong>What do you hope to achieve? </strong><br />I hope to be able to successfully implement surveillance systems in these four countries and make sure it helps to reduce malaria cases in the short term and eliminates the disease in the long term. To do that, I would like to create a smooth and simple transition to the new systems, create a system that is simple to use, and has acceptance among all the users involved. Furthermore, I would like the system to be sustainable so governments and other partners will use it in the future and create a system that could easily scale-up to be used in other public health challenges.<br /><br /><strong>What are the main challenges you expect to be confronted to? </strong><br />The main challenge I expect is behavioral change, the small &quot;chaos&quot; created when implementing IT systems for users with low IT literacy. This will require a very good understanding of the context. Another important challenge will be to work with many different partners and make sure the systems satisfies everybody's needs. And of course, there are always cultural challenges.<br /><br /><strong>In what ways do you think that your studies in Biomedical Engineering at Chalmers have made you prepared for this mission? </strong><br />In my opinion, the most important was the wide range of specializations I could choose within the master at Chalmers and the high quality of innovative research that the department is doing. That environment allowed me to specialize in a very specific field and get support and learn from great professionals, like Professor Bengt-Arne Sjöqvist, Ruben Buendía, and Ants Silberberg, that were able to mentor me professionally and personally. Also, the international environment in the classroom and campus where you end up with friends from all over the world and indirectly make you ready to work internationally. And of course, how the professors include guest lecturers from the industry that allow us to know and be prepared for the challenges we will face in our working lives. <br /><br /><strong>What are your plans for the future? </strong><br />To be honest, I landed a dream job for me. What I want in the short term is to become a better professional, especially when it comes to creating behavioral change through technology on an international scale. Professionally, I want to keep working in this kind of projects and see that my work is helping other people. It´s also nice to keep traveling and seeing the world.  <br /> <img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/E2/Nyheter/Pedros%20mål%20är%20att%20utrota%20malaria/Pedro_Pagalday_portrait_300px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:200px;height:260px" /><br /><br /><span><br /><br />Read about Pedro´s master’s thesis:<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /><a href="/en/departments/e2/news/Pages/Student-project-aim-to-improve-maternal-health-care-in-Ghana.aspx">Student project aim to improve maternal health care in Ghana</a><br /><br />Read more about <a href="" target="_blank">the Clinton Health Access Initiative</a><br />Tue, 05 Sep 2017 09:00:00 +0200 take a holistic approach to threats to humanity<p><b>​What risks threaten the entire future of humanity within the next hundred years? And what should we do to protect against them? A group of researchers will take on these questions in the autumn as part of the research programme &quot;Existential risk to humanity&quot; at Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.</b></p>​According to a growing body of researchers, it is not enough for us to focus on the serious risks currently laid on the table – nuclear war and climate change. There are many other dangers that must also be addressed, such as synthetic viruses, artificial intelligence that humans lose control over, or dramatic declines in global food production due to collapses in agriculture.<br /><br /><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/20170701-20171231/Olle-Haggstrom-220x180.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" />According to Olle Häggström, Professor of Mathematical Statistics at Chalmers University of Technology, it is unusual for anyone to take a holistic approach to the issues, and researchers have an important responsibility to do that. Häggström serves as host of the research programme <a href=""><em>Existential risk to humanity</em></a>, which is being conducted by Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg from 1 September to 31 October. Over thirty researchers from universities around the world will participate.<br /><br />“Several of them are world leaders in existential risk research, which is a growing field,” says Olle Häggström. “It is highly interdisciplinary, and those of us working with this field have expert knowledge in many different areas.” <br /><br />“Through the research programme, we will work together to advance the state of knowledge regarding existential risks. We shall try to make a comprehensive assessment of all threats, and propose strategies to deal with them.”<br /><br />According to Olle Häggström, existential risks – risks that threaten the entire future of humanity – are greater today than 50 years ago. Mainly, this is a side effect of our incredibly rapid technological development and global dissemination of knowledge in recent decades.<br /><br />“Synthetic biology, artificial intelligence and nanotechnology are examples of areas that can create the most serious new risks. Thus; the very same areas that are some of the most promising for solving many of humanity's problems and increasing prosperity in the world.” <br /><br />An important element of the research programme will therefore be discussions on how to reduce the risks of the new technologies without blocking the enormous possibilities they provide.<br /><br />The research programme will be opened on 4 September by Stefan Bengtsson, President at Chalmers University of Technology, and Mattias Goksör, First Vice President at the University of Gothenburg. The <a href="">opening ceremony</a> is open to everyone and offers a popular science lecture entitled <em>Existential risk: how threatened is humanity?</em> The lecture will be given by Anders Sandberg, researcher at the <em>Future of the Humanity Institute</em>, University of Oxford, who has been invited to serve as scientific leader of the programme.<br /><br />On 7 and 8 September, a <a href="">workshop</a> will be held at Chalmers with about 80 participants from universities, organisations and companies around the world. Thirteen of the researchers in the programme will be holding lectures, and registration for the workshop has been kept open to anyone.<br /><br />“We want to develop cutting-edge knowledge, but it is equally important to communicate the knowledge already available to a broader audience,” says Olle Häggström.<br /><br /><br /><strong>Facts about the research programme</strong><br /><em>Existential risk to humanity</em> is being organised by <a href="/en/centres/GoCAS/Pages/default.aspx"><em>Gothenburg Chair Programme for Advanced Studies</em></a>, a joint endeavour between Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg, aiming to strengthen fundamental research and stimulate interactions between scientists from different fields.<br /><br />The researchers participating in the programme will spend at least one week in Gothenburg between 1 September and 31 October. In addition to daily activities, the programme includes a public workshop on 7–8 September and a full-day activity on 6 September with a disaster planning exercise. During the exercise, representatives from academia, government and companies will work with a scenario where global food production drops drastically due to a collapse in agriculture.<br /><br /><strong>Text:</strong> Johanna Wilde<br />Mon, 04 Sep 2017 08:00:00 +0200 friendly networking for nano researchers<p><b>​Top scientists with toddlers in the knee. Professors who play with cars. Varied with useful lectures and poster shows. Everything was possible on the community building event for the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Area of Advance at Strandbaden in Falkenberg, 21-23 August.</b></p>The sun was shining over the beautifully located facility when we struck down during the first day of the network meeting. On the agenda were lectures with, among others, Peter Nordlander, Professor of Theoretical Physics at Rice University, Houston, Texas, USA, Fredrik Höök, Professor of Biological Physics at the Department of Physics, Witlef Wieczorek, Assistant Professor at the Quantum Device Physics Laboratory at MC2, and Åsalie Hartmanis, CEO of the network organization SwedNanoTech. But there was also time to dip the toes in the ocean next to the nearby seafront.<br /><br />Many of the participants we spoke with greatly appreciated the invited guest lecturers.<br /><br />Janine Splettstößer, Associate Professor at the Applied Quantum Physics Laboratory at MC2, looked forward to knowing more about what is happening in the Area of Advance.<br />&quot;It's good to get an overview of all activities, to be able to interact and get feedback. I also have my own poster for the exhibition&quot;, she said.<br /><br />Janine had brought her two children with her. In a corner of Strandbaden's restaurant, Witlef Wieczorek sat preparing for tomorrow's lecture while entertaining the toddlers.<br />&quot;My own children stayed at home, so I do not take responsibility for these. I'm just enjoying the best of their characteristics&quot;, Witlef laughed, apparently something as sympathetic as a top scientist with the children's mind left.<br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/nanoevent_jiesun_andreasd_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><em>Jie Sun and Andreas Dahlin.</em><br /><br />In the spacious lecture hall, Jie Sun, Associate Professor at the Quantum Device Physics Laboratory at MC2, and Andreas Dahlin, Associate Professor at the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, were waiting for the program to continue with Åsalie Hartmani's lecture.<br />&quot;It's fun with the invited lecturers. They give a chance to learn something new&quot;, said Andreas Dahlin.<br />Jie Sun agreed:<br />&quot;The presentations so far have been very good. I liked Peter Nordlander's lecture; it contained very good guidance for me. I also like the poster format, the exhibitions are always a good opportunity to talk with people&quot;, he said.<br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/nanoevent_asalie_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />Åsalie Hartmanis (above) is the CEO of the Swedish umbrella organization for nanotechnology companies, SwedNanoTech. She went to the network meeting to tell about new possibilities of nanotechnology.<br />&quot;My role is to be the spider in the network between society and science. What is the next step in getting nanotechnology in key areas of society?&quot;, she said.<br />She encouraged participants to contact her and SwedNanoTech in different channels:<br />&quot;Call me or email me if you want to discuss matters that are important to you. See you on the web, on Twitter and Facebook&quot;, said Åsalie Hartmanis.<br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/nanoevent_posterutst_jury_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />During the three days, about 60 posters were exhibited and judged by a jury consisting of Peter Nordlander and Katarina Edwards, Professor of Analytical Chemistry at Uppsala University. The researcher behind each poster had to give an elevator speech in front of the jury for 60 seconds. The three best posters were awarded a prize of SEK 5,000 each, to be used for conference trips.<br />On Wednesday morning, prizes for best posters were awarded to Xueting Wang, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Battulga Munkhbat, Department of Physics, and Saba Atefyekta, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering.<br /><br />On Wednesday, Arne Sjögren's award for best doctoral dissertation in the nano area 2016 was awarded to Jelena Lovric from the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering.<br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/nanoevent_balbinsson_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />It was the seventh network meeting organized for the researchers of the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Area of Advance. This time, up to 150 people participated. At the forefront of power, director Bo Albinsson (above), Professor of Physical Chemistry at the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, and co-director Göran Johansson, Professor of Applied Quantum Physics, and Head of the Applied Quantum Physics Laboratory at MC2.<br />&quot;The community building event is an important meeting place for us nano researchers. We meet annually to exchange knowledge of each other's research and to build a strong community between all nano scientists at Chalmers. This has proved very successful by the emergence of several, for Chalmers new, strong research areas. In addition, it is nice to hang out with senior colleagues and doctoral students from other institutions&quot;, said Bo Albinsson.<br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/nanoevent_arrangorer_665x330.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br /><span><em>Kevin Marc Seja, Daniel Andrén and Milene Zezzi Do Valle Gomes</em><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><em>.</em><br /><br />Event organizers Kevin Marc Seja, PhD student at MC2, Daniel Andrén, PhD student at the Department of Physics, and Milene Zezzi Do Valle Gomes, PhD student at the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, had been working on the event since March. They were happy when we had a chat in a coffee break:<br />&quot;Everything was very loose at the beginning, but then the pieces fell in place and now everything is under control&quot;, they told.<br />Kevin, Daniel and Milene, represent three different departments at Chalmers, and are all at the beginning of their graduate education. In one way, the trio symbolizes the spirit with the Areas of Advance, established by Chalmers former president and CEO Karin Markides 2009:<br />&quot;​We have established a unique concept of Areas of Advance, which involves an ever-changing, ongoing exchange of expertise across disciplines, between students and teachers, and alongside partners from industry and society – beneficial to all.&quot;<br /><br />Text and photo: Michael Nystås<br /><br /><a href="/en/departments/mc2/news/Pages/Fifth-networking-event-for-AoA-Nano.aspx">Read previous news</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;<br /><br /><a href="/en/areas-of-advance/nano">Read more about the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Area of Advance</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;<br /><br /><a href="/en/departments/chem/news/Pages/Dissertation-Jelena-Lovric.aspx">See the Arne Sjögren's Award laureate Jelena Lovric tell about her research</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;<br />Mon, 04 Sep 2017 08:00:00 +0200 Asp new president in ICCM<p><b>​Leif Asp was elected on 23 August as new president of the International Committee on Composite Materials (ICCM), which is the largest organization in the world for information and experience sharing in composite materials.</b></p><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/leifas.aspx">​Leif Asp</a> is Professor in Lightweight composite materials and structures at the division of Materials and Computational Mechanics at <a href="/en/departments/ims/Pages/default.aspx">the Department of Industrial and Materials Sciences</a>. He has previously chaired the European counterpart called European Society for Composite Materials and been Vice President of the ICCM.<br /><br /><em>- Congratulations Leif! Could you please tell us something about ICCM and your new assignment?</em><br /><br />Thank you, it feels amazingly fun and honorable. ICCM is an international worldwide organization in the technical and scientific community that deals with composite materials. The mission is to create a forum and work for the exchange of information in all aspects of composite materials and structures that may be of interest to science. At the same time, we want to pay attention to individual achievements in the subject. Every second year, a major conference is held, the International Conferences on Composite Materials, where scientists from all over the world meet. As chairman, I have a great responsibility to communicate internationally with all of our talented researchers and ensure that the conference is organized in the best possible way. Besides this, of course, I will also do my best to manage the world-leading position that ICCM holds today.<br /><br /><em>- What are you hoping to achieve in your role as president?</em><br /><br />- I will work to further strengthen the relations and participation from the industry in ICCM's network. It is very important that there is a good connection and interaction between academia and industry. I also would like us to be better at paying attention to people who are early or in the middle of their career. In this case we are going to establish a prize for younger researchers and engineers who have made impact in the area of composites. Gender balance and diversity are also issues that I can see that we need to deal with.<br /><br /><a href="">More about <span>the International Committee on Composite Materials</span></a><br /><br />Text and photo: Marcus Folino<a href=""><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></a>Thu, 31 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200