News: Global related to Chalmers University of TechnologyFri, 24 Mar 2017 12:30:11 +0100 for incoming and outgoing postdocs in Wallenberg Foundation&#39;s mathematics programme<p><b>​This year’s grants from Wallenberg Foundation’s investment in mathematics go to 13 mathematicians, including David Witt Nyström who receive a grant for recruiting a postdoctor and Dmitrii Zhelezov who receive a grant for a postdoctoral position at a foreign university.</b></p><p>​Since 2014, the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences have supported mathematical research in Sweden through an extensive mathematics program. Its aim is that Sweden will regain an internationally leading position in the area. New mathematics is necessary for increasing areas of use in both research and industry. The funding does not target a particular area of mathematics, but will support basic research. </p> <p><a href="">Press release from the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation &gt;&gt;</a></p> <p><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/wittnyst.aspx"><img width="250" height="300" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="David Witt Nyström" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MV/Nyheter/DWN250x300.jpg" style="margin:5px" />David Witt Nyström</a> will receive funding to recruit an international researcher for a postdoctoral position at the Department of Mathematics, Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. The proposed researcher Ya Dang will defend his doctoral thesis in May and is a Ph.D. student to Professor Jean-Pierre Demailly, Institute Fourier in Grenoble, who is a world leading researcher in Kähler geometry and who has had collaborations with the Complex Analysis group of the department earlier.</p> <p>Algebraic geometry, which has its roots in classical antiquity, is one of the oldest and most extensive branches of mathematics. New theories within its domain continue to arise, creating new methods for solving as yet unproven problems. Due to the wealth of new ideas, existing fields of mathematical research have been divided into smaller branches, such as complex geometry, which is at the heart of the current project. Algebraic geometry studies sets consisting of solutions to polynomial equations. Such solution sets can take the form of circles, ellipses, spheres, and other geometric objects. For example, two points can be associated with a one-dimensional family of circles crossing both points. This is an example of a linear series, which is an important field of study in algebraic geometry.</p> <p>In the beginning of the 1990s, a Russian-American mathematician, Andrei Okounkov, introduced a way of associating each linear series with a convex body, called an Okounkov body. In 2006 he received the most prestigious award in mathematics, the Field’s medal, which is awarded to eminent mathematicians under forty years old. These convex Okounkov bodies have been successfully used to explain the properties of linear systems. The theory of linear systems is also connected to Kähler geometry, which is a meeting place for complex geometry, differential geometry, and symplectic geometry. It is assumed that the well-known and fundamental results regarding linear series can be generalized to a broader Kähler setting. Such generalizations would have significant consequences for Kähler geometry. Even though it remains to be seen which generalizations are possible, interesting open problems abound. </p> <p><strong><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="Dmitrii Zhelezov" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MV/Nyheter/DZ250x300.jpg" style="margin:5px" />Dmitrii Zhelezov</strong> will receive funding for a postdoctoral position at a foreign university and funding for two years after returning to Sweden. He will hold a postdoctoral position with Professor Endre Szemerédi at Alfréd Rényi Institute of Mathematics in Budapest, Hungary. Dmitrii Zhelezov received his Ph.D. in Mathematics from Chalmers University of Technology in 2016 with the thesis ”<a href="/en/departments/math/news/Pages/Addition-versus-multiplication.aspx">Additively and multiplicatively structured sets</a>” and was employed at the Department of Mathematical Sciences until August 2016.</p> <p>The aim of the project is to study arithmetic combinatorics, a branch of number theory. In contrast to other branches of mathematics, combinatorics focuses on specific problems, which are easy to formulate but notoriously difficult to solve, even when sometimes no mathematical apparatus beyond high school level is necessary for the solution. One of the most famous problems in number theory is the Goldbach conjecture, which states that every even integer greater than two can be expressed as a sum of two prime numbers. In 1742, German mathematician Christian Goldbach formulated the conjecture in a letter to a Swiss mathematician, Leonard Euler, by then already recognized as a genius. Euler’s response confirmed that he thought it was true but he couldn’t prove it. Nor has anyone else been able to do so, in the almost 300 years since. The difficulty in proving the conjecture stems from the fact that it refers to addition, whereas prime numbers are defined through multiplication – an integer is prime if it can be divided only by 1 and by itself. However, not much is known about how prime numbers should be linked to addition. </p> <p>A set of sums consists of the sums of all pairs of elements in a given set. The Goldbach conjecture asks whether the set of sums of prime numbers contains all even numbers greater than two. Initially, easy to handle questions about sets of sums can be studied. Subsequently, more advanced new tools and sophisticated methods, which had been developed for other problems, can be applied. Sets of sums have many other applications as well. The methods and concepts of abstract number theory have been successfully applied to modern cryptography. They are used to process our credit card payments as well as when we surf the internet.<br /><br /><strong>Text</strong>: from the press release of KWA<br /><strong>Photos</strong>: Setta Aspström</p>Fri, 24 Mar 2017 10:00:00 +0100 polymer technologist gets to present his work at the ERC jubilee<p><b></b></p><p><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Christian-Müller.aspx">​Christian Müller, </a>Associate Professor at Chemsitry and Chemical Engieering, is one of three very successful researchers who had the opportunity to present their research under the headline “Beyond expectations” when the European Research Council, ERC, celebrated their 10 year anniversary in Brussels March 21. </p> <blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px"><p style="font-size:14px"><span style="font-size:14px">- </span><i style="background-color:initial">The 10th ERC birthday celebration was a remarkable event, with many inspiring presentations. It was very insightful to witness how journalists, politicians and, of course, scientists can together shape research policy.</i></p> <p style="font-size:14px"><span style="font-size:14px">With my presentation, I highlighted that research in one area can lead to unexpected insights in other fields. This process is often referred to as “cross-fertilization” says Christian Müller.</span></p></blockquote> <p>His ERC-projects involve using the energy from the heat from the human body using smart polymers. The aim is to create totally new textiles which makes the wearer an energy producer. </p> <blockquote dir="ltr" style="font-size:14px;margin-right:0px"><p style="font-size:14px"><span style="font-size:14px">- I am fascinated by the multitude of properties that plastic materials can display. With my research, I hope to contribute to the lasting appeal of this unique class of materials, through incorporation of new functionalities in a sustainable fashion, says Christian Müller.</span></p></blockquote> <p>Within his researcher he is leading three major projects with totally different applications. Besides conductive textiles he is also researching about isolation of high-voltage cables, which gives higher efficiency and lower costs, and also how conductive plastics can contribute to more efficient solar cells. </p> <p><br />In 2014 he became a Wallenberg Academy Fellow and 2016 he became a SSF Future Research Leader.<br />ERC was established by EU to finance distinguished researchers in Europe and their most creative ideas. They finance long-term, individual grants for curiosity-driven pioneering high-risk research and is of today financing around 7.000 researchers throughout Europe, of which most are younger than 40 years old.    <br /></p> <p><strong>Read more about Christian Müller</strong></p> <div><a href="/en/departments/chem/news/Pages/We-all-are-power-plants.aspx">We all are power plants </a></div> <div><a href="/en/news/Pages/Carbon-nanoballs-can-greatly-contribute-to-sustainable-energy-supply.aspx">Carbon nanoballs can greatly contribute to sustainable energy supply </a><a href="/en/departments/chem/news/Pages/28-million-SEK-for-solar-cell-research.aspx"></a></div> <div>28 million SEK for solar cell research </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/chem/news/Pages/Martinelli-and-Muller-become-SSF-Future-Research-Leaders.aspx">Anna Martinelli and Christian Müller become SSF Future Research Leaders </a><br /></div> <p> </p> <p>Text: Mats Tiborn and anita Fors</p>Fri, 24 Mar 2017 10:00:00 +0100 joins strong critique of bioenergy recommendations<p><b>Unsubstantiated claims and flawed arguments&quot;. IEA Bioenergy does not mince words in its critique of UK think-tank Chatham House’s report on the impact of bioenergy on global climate. According to IEA the report &quot;adds to the increasing number of misleading statements in the context of EU discussions about its energy future&quot;, and is backed up by 125 academic signatories worldwide, including Göran Berndes, Chalmers University of Technology.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial">With upcoming EU-level discussions on the future of European energy, publications analyzing the contribution of bioenergy have proliferated, including the recent Chatham house report “Woody Biomass for Power and Heat: Impacts on the Global Climate”. </span></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial">IEA Bioenergy (</span><span style="background-color:initial">the International Energy Agency Bioenergy Technology Collaboration Programme) </span><span style="background-color:initial">points out that this report does not present an objective overview of the current state of scientific understanding with respect to the climate effects of bioenergy. The report was analysed by members of the IEA Bioenergy Technology Collaboration Programme with globally recognised expertise in biomass production, carbon accounting and sustainability of biomass. They determined that the major conclusions and policy-specific recommendations are based on unsubstantiated claims and flawed arguments.</span></div> <div> </div> <h6 class="chalmersElement-H6">The IEA Bioenergy experts identified 3 major areas of concern:</h6> <div> </div> <div><ol><li>Climate effects and carbon neutrality of bioenergy. The report gives an inaccurate interpretation of the impact of harvesting on forest carbon stock, proposes a misguided focus on short-term carbon balances and overstates the climate change mitigation value of unharvested forests. It also assumes that forests would remain unharvested and continue to grow if no biomass was used for bioenergy, which is unrealistic.  <br /></li> <li>Bioenergy and forest products markets and systems. The report considers roundwood to be the main woody bioener<span style="background-color:initial">gy feedstock, but the on-ground reality is that in the EU, by-products and residues from silviculture are the most common type of feedstock. Furthermore, bioenergy can prompt forest owners to plant more trees and invest in sustainable forest management practices. The report largely overlooks the role bioenergy can play in supporting the urgently needed energy system transition.</span><br /></li> <li>Sustainability criteria. The report fails to acknowledge that forest bioenergy is not a single entity but an integral par<span style="background-color:initial">t of the forest management, forestry and energy-industry system that also produces material products. It is therefore unreasonable to expect that the maintenance of the carbon stock in forests would be guaranteed by sustainability criteria applied to the bioenergy category only. </span><br /></li></ol></div> <div> </div> <div>In the report’s general conclusion, it is proposed that &quot;Sustainability criteria should be used to restrict support to mill residues that are produced from legal and sustainable sources”. IEA Bioenergy, together with 125 scientists, strongly disagree with this recommendation, and urge Chatham House to reconsider their recommendations. “We invite Chatham House to engage in a more thoughtful and substantive discussion with technical experts like IEA Bioenergy and review the recommendations. The development of bioenergy and the bioeconomy as a whole are critical in order to realise a low carbon economy”, said Kees Kwant, Chairman of IEA Bioenergy.</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Read more at IEA Bioenergy's website</a>. </div>Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0100 bioprinted human cartilage cells can be implanted<p><b>​Swedish researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy and Chalmers University of Technology have successfully induced human cartilage cells to live and grow in an animal model, using 3D bioprinting. The results will move development closer to a potential future in which it will be possible to help patients by giving them new body parts through 3D bioprinting.</b></p><p>​The results were recently presented in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open.</p> <blockquote dir="ltr" style="font-size:14px;margin-right:0px"><p style="font-size:14px"><span style="font-size:14px">“This is the first time anyone has printed human-derived cartilage cells, implanted them in an animal model and induced them to grow,” says <a href="/en/staff/Pages/paul-gatenholm.aspx">Paul Gatenholm</a>, professor of biopolymer technology at Chalmers University of Technology.</span></p></blockquote> <div style="font-size:14px">Among else, Professor Gatenholm leads the research team working with the new biomaterial based on nanocellulose at the Wallenberg Wood Science Center. He has been working with Lars Kölby, senior lecturer at Sahlgrenska Academy and specialist consultant with the Department of Plastic Surgery at Sahlgrenska University Hospital.</div> <div style="font-size:14px"> </div> <div>The researchers printed a hydrogel of nanocellulose mixed with human-derived cartilage cells – a so called construct. They used a 3D bioprinter manufactured by Cellink, a Gothenburg-based startup firm whose bio-ink is a result of research by Paul Gatenholm. Immediately after printing, the construct was implanted in mice.</div> <div> </div> <div>The researchers can report three positive results of the animal study:<br />1. Human cartilage tissue has grown in an animal model.<br />2. Vascularisation, i.e., the formation of blood vessels, between the materials.<br />3. Strong stimulation of proliferation and neocartilage formation by human stem cells.</div> <blockquote dir="ltr" style="font-size:14px;margin-right:0px"><div style="font-size:14px"><span style="font-size:14px">“What </span><span style="font-size:14px"></span><span style="font-size:14px">we see after 60 days is something that begins to resemble cartilage. It is white and the human cartilage cells are alive and producing what they are supposed to. We have also been able to stimulate the cartilage cells by adding stem cells, which clearly promoted further cell division,” says Lars Kölby.</span></div></blockquote> <blockquote dir="ltr" style="font-size:14px;margin-right:0px"><div style="font-size:14px"><span style="font-size:14px">“We now have proof that the 3D printed hydrogel with cells can be implanted. It grows in mice and, in addition, blood vessels have formed in it,” says Paul Gatenholm.</span></div></blockquote> <div style="font-size:14px">Collaboration has been a key component and critical to the success of the project. Scientists in two different disciplines have successfully crossed academic lines to find a common goal where they could combine their skills in a fruitful way.</div> <blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px"><div style="font-size:14px">“Often, it is like this: we clinicians work with problems and researchers work with solutions. If we can come together, there is a chance of actually solving some of the problems we are wrestling with – and in this way, patients benefit from the research,” says Lars Kölby. </div></blockquote> <div style="font-size:14px">Paul Gatenholm is careful to point out that the results he and Lars Kölby’s team are now able to report do not involve any short cut to bioprinted organs.</div> <blockquote dir="ltr" style="font-size:14px;margin-right:0px"><div style="font-size:14px"><span style="font-size:14px">“With what we have done, the research has taken a step forward towards someday, we hope, being able to bioprint cells that become body parts for patients.  This is how you have to work when it comes to this kind of pioneering activity: one small step at a time. Our results are not a revolution – but they are a gratifying part of an evolution!”</span></div></blockquote> <div style="font-size:14px">Text: Carolina Svensson.</div> <div style="font-size:14px"><br /></div> <div style="font-size:14px">Link to <a href="">scientific results text</a><br /></div> <div style="font-size:16px"> </div>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 09:00:00 +0100 for research in prosthetics<p><b>​The 2017 ISPO Brian &amp; Joyce Blatchford Award goes to a team of researchers from Sahlgrenska and Chalmers for their work to restore quality of life after traumatic events that led to loss of extremity, for example the amputation of an arm.</b></p>​“I am honored to be part of the team receiving this award”, says Dr. Max Ortiz Catalan. “We are a truly multidisciplinary group, glued together by the same aim: develop and clinically implement technologies that restore quality of life. This prize highlights the importance of osseointegration in prosthetics, and recognizes the pioneering work lead by Dr. Rickard Brånemark to bring this technology into the clinical reality that is today in prosthetics.”<br /><br />“Decades of ground-breaking research conducted in Sweden are recognized by this award, from overcoming many hurdles to have this technology accepted by the medical world, to our latest osseointegrated interface that allow for neural control of prosthetic limbs”, says Dr. Max Ortiz Catalan.<br /><br />The awarded project is called “The search for the perfect substitution for a lost extremity”, and the winning team consists of: <br /><ul><li>Dr. Rickard Brånemark, Sahlgrenska University Hospital Gothenburg / University of California, San Francisco </li> <li>Dr. Max Ortiz Catalan, Chalmers University of Technology </li> <li>Dr. Bo Håkansson, Chalmers University of Technology </li> <li>Dr. Örjan Berlin, Sahlg<span><span><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></span>renska University Hospital Gothenburg</li></ul> <table class="chalmersTable-default" cellspacing="0" style="font-size:1em;width:100%"><tbody><tr class="chalmersTableHeaderRow-default"><th class="chalmersTableHeaderFirstCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1">​<span><img src="/sv/institutioner/s2/nyheter/PublishingImages/Belönas%20för%20framgångsrikt%20sökande%20efter%20den%20perfekta%20ersättningen%20för%20en%20förlorad%20extremitet/Rickard_Branemark_166px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" /></span><span><span><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/s2/nyheter/PublishingImages/Belönas%20för%20framgångsrikt%20sökande%20efter%20den%20perfekta%20ersättningen%20för%20en%20förlorad%20extremitet/Max-Ortiz_240px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></span></span><br /></th> <th class="chalmersTableHeaderOddCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1">​</th></tr> <tr class="chalmersTableOddRow-default"><th class="chalmersTableFirstCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1">​<img src="/sv/institutioner/s2/nyheter/PublishingImages/Belönas%20för%20framgångsrikt%20sökande%20efter%20den%20perfekta%20ersättningen%20för%20en%20förlorad%20extremitet/Bo_Håkansson_0008,1B_166px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:166px;height:235px" /><span><span><img src="/sv/institutioner/s2/nyheter/PublishingImages/Belönas%20för%20framgångsrikt%20sökande%20efter%20den%20perfekta%20ersättningen%20för%20en%20förlorad%20extremitet/Orjan_Berlin_166px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span></span><br /><br /></th> <td class="chalmersTableOddCol-default">​</td></tr></tbody></table> <span><em>T</em><span style="display:inline-block"><em>op row, from left: Rickard Brånemark and M </em></span></span><span><em>ax Ortiz Catalan</em><br /><em>Bottom row, from left: Bo Håkansson, Örjan Berlin</em><span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /><br />The prestigious award entails a prize money of 15,000 EUR for the winning team. The prize will be presented at the ISPO World Congress in Cape Town, South Africa in May 2017. <br /><br />ISPO is the largest and most important international society for prosthetics, orthotics and rehabilitation engineering. The award is established by the Blatchford family in memory of Mr. Brian Blatchford and Mrs. Joyce Blatchford. <br /><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read more about ISPO, the International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics</a><br /><br />The research has taken place in Gothenburg, Sweden at:<a href="" target="_blank"><br /><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Sahlgrenska International Care: Bone-Anchored Protheses</a><br /><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Biomechatronics and Neurorehabilitation Laboratory at the Department of Signals and systems, Chalmers University of Technology</a><br /><br />For more information, please contact:<br /><span> <a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/max-jair-ortiz-catalan.aspx">Max Ortiz Catalan</a>, Department of Signals and Systems, Chalmers University of Technology <span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /><a href="/sv/personal/Sidor/bo-hakansson.aspx">Bo Håkansson</a>, <span><span>Department of Signals and Systems, Chalmers University of Technology </span></span><br />Thu, 23 Mar 2017 09:00:00 +0100–-more-effective-than-ever-before.aspx storage of solar energy – more effective than ever before<p><b>​Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden have demonstrated efficient solar energy storage in a chemical liquid. The stored energy can be transported and then released as heat whenever needed. The research is now presented on the cover of the scientific journal Energy &amp; Environmental Science.</b></p>​<span style="background-color:initial">Many consider the sun the energy source of the future. But one challenge is that it is difficult to store solar energy and deliver the energy ‘on demand’.</span><div><br /></div> <div>A research team from Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden, has shown that it is possible to convert the solar energy directly into energy stored in the bonds of a chemical fluid – a so-called molecular solar thermal system. The liquid chemical makes it possible to store and transport the stored solar energy and release it on demand, with full recovery of the storage medium. The process is based on the organic compound norbornadiene that upon exposure to light converts into quadricyclane.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>‘The technique means that that we can store the solar energy in chemical bonds and release the energy as heat whenever we need it.’ says <a href="/en/staff/Pages/kasper-moth-poulsen.aspx">Professor Kasper Moth-Poulsen</a>, who is leading the research team. ‘Combining the chemical energy storage with water heating solar panels enables a conversion of more than 80 percent of the incoming sunlight.’</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The research project was initiated at Chalmers more than six years ago and the research team contributed in 2013 to a first conceptual demonstration. At the time, the solar energy conversion efficiency was 0.01 percent and the expensive element ruthenium played a major role in the compound. Now, four years later, the system stores 1.1 percent of the incoming sunlight as latent chemical energy – an improvement of a factor of 100. Also, ruthenium has been replaced by much cheaper carbon-based elements.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>‘We saw an opportunity to develop molecules that make the process much more efficient,’ says Moth-Poulsen. ‘At the same time, we are demonstrating a robust system that can sustain more than 140 energy storage and release cycles with negligible degradation.’</div> <div><br /></div> <div>The research is funded by the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research and the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Read the <a href="">scientific article​</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div>Videos about the research:</div> <div><a href=";amp%3bt=29s">;t=29s</a></div> <div><br /></div> <div><a href=";amp%3bt=57s">;t=57s</a></div> Mon, 20 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0100 fingerprints can reveal environmental gases<p><b>More efficient sensors are needed to be able to detect environmental pollution. Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have proposed a new, sophisticated method of detecting molecules with sensors based on ultra-thin nanomaterials. The novel method could improve environmental sensing in the future. The results are published in the scientific journal Nature Communications.</b></p><p>“This could open up new possibilities for the detection of environmental gases. Our method is more robust than conventional sensors, which rely on small changes in optical properties”, says Maja Feierabend, PhD student at the Department of Physics and the main author of the article from Chalmers University of Technology and Technische Universität Berlin.</p> <p>Together with her supervisor, Associate Professor Ermin Malic, and Gunnar Berghäuser, postdoctoral researcher at Chalmers, she has proposed a new type of chemical nanosensor that consists of atomically thin nanomaterials that are extremely sensitive to changes in their surroundings. </p> <p>If you shine light on the sensor, you will see the optical fingerprint of the material itself. Molecules are identified by activating dark electronic states in the sensor material. If there are molecules on its surface, they will interact with these dark states and switch them on, making them visible. The result is an altered optical fingerprint, containing new features that prove the presence of the molecules. <br /></p> <p>“Our method has promising potential, paving the way for ultra-thin, fast, efficient and accurate sensors. In the future, this could hopefully lead to highly sensitive and selective sensors that can be used in environmental research&quot;, says Ermin Malic. <br /></p> The research has received funding from the European Union through the Graphene Flagship, coordinated by Chalmers. The researchers have filed a patent application for the novel sensor method. The next step is to work with experimental physicists and chemists to demonstrate the proof-of-principle for this new class of chemical sensors.  <p>Text: Mia Halleröd Palmgren, <a href=""><br /></a><br /><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/icgen.gif" alt="" />Read the scientific article &quot;Proposal for dark exciton based chemical sensors&quot; in Nature Communications.</a><br /><br /><strong>For more information:</strong><br /><a href="">Ermin Malic</a>, Associate Professor, Division of Condensed Matter Theory, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, +46 31 772 32 63, +46 70 840 49 53,<br /><br /><a href="">Maja Feierabend</a>, PhD student, Division of Condensed Matter Theory, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, +46 31 772 32 64,</p> <p><br /></p> <p><img src="/en/departments/physics/news/Documents/Ermin%20Malic%20Maja%20Feierabend%20and%20Gunnar%20Berghäuser750x340.jpg" alt="Ermin Malic Maja Feierabend and Gunnar Berghäuser750x340.jpg" style="margin:5px" /><br />The researchers Ermin Malic, Maja Feierabend and <span>Gunnar Berghäuser<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span> have proposed a new method of detecting molecules with sensors based on nanomaterials. The method från Chalmers could improve environmental sensing in the future. The results are published in the scientific journal Nature Communications.</p> <p>Image: Mia Halleröd Palmgren<br /><br /></p>Wed, 15 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0100 fashion industry gains new tools to reduce its environmental load<p><b>​The environmental impact of our clothing has now been mapped in the most comprehensive life cycle analysis performed to date. For the first time, this makes it possible to compare the environmental effects of completely different types of textiles. The results will be used to create a practical tool for clothing manufacturers that want to lighten their environmental load.</b></p><div><span style="background-color:initial"><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/20170101-20170630/Sandra_Roos_Highrez-web.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Every year, 100 million tonnes of new textiles come onto the market and the textile industry has one of the highest turnovers in the world. It has long been understood that textile production has major environmental impact. But it has been difficult for textile companies to determine what choices they can make to reduce the environmental load, due to the wide variation in production processes.</span><br /></div> <div><span style="background-color:initial"><br /></span></div> <div>Now the industry is being given entirely new opportunities. Researcher Sandra Roos has taken an overall approach to the clothing life cycle with her doctoral thesis at Chalmers University of Technology and the research institute Swerea, within the research programme Mistra Future Fashion. Over the course of her five-year project, she studied 30 different sub-processes in textile production. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>‘I have also assessed the toxicity of the chemicals used in the processes,’ says Roos. ‘This is an area where, until now, there were huge knowledge gaps. The sub-processes I studied extend from techniques as different as entirely synthetic textile fibres made of plastic, to cotton production – where farmers cultivate the soil, plant and harvest the cotton, before ginning and preparing it.’ </div> <div><br /></div> <div>The life cycle perspective she used involves an overall assessment, from production to the user phase and product waste management. The effect of background processes such as electricity consumption and mining are also included. The results make it possible to compare textile products that are extremely different to each other, which was not possible before.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Mistra Future Fashion is a collaborative project between the fashion industry and researchers in Sweden. Their next step will be to transform the results of the thesis to a practical tool that clothing manufacturers can use to improve the environmental performance of their processes and products. The tool is expected to be ready sometime in 2017. This is an important step, since the majority of the environmental load in the clothing life cycle is created in the production phase.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Unsurprisingly, Sandra Roos’s research shows that conventional cotton growing, where large quantities of insecticides are spread directly on land, stands out as a particularly heavy burden on the environment. Another of her conclusions was more unexpected. </div> <div><br /></div> <div>‘At present, most environmental indices are based on the type of textile fibre used: wool, nylon, polyester or cotton. But that is not where the major environmental impact is found, which is actually in the post-fibre processing stages: spinning, weaving, knitting and, above all, in the dyeing – the wet processing. All the chemicals used in these processes actually make it as hazardous as cotton growing.’</div> <div><br /></div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Shopping trips cause one of the biggest climate effects of clothing</h5> <div>Roos’s research has also yielded conclusions about which consumer actions are most effective in reducing the environmental load of clothing.</div> <div>‘If you want to be as eco-friendly as possible, there is only one thing you need to remember: use your clothes until they are worn out. That is more important than all other aspects, such as how and where the clothes were manufactured and the materials they are made of.<span style="background-color:initial">‘</span><span style="background-color:initial"> </span></div> <span></span><div></div> <div><br /></div> <div>But in industrialized countries, only a tiny percentage of garments are worn 100 to 200 times, which is usually the potential lifetime. In Sweden, for example, consumers buy an average of 50 new garments per person and year. Similar figures apply to the rest of Europe and the United States.</div> <div><br /></div> <div>Such high consumption makes how the clothing is produced more important. But it is difficult for consumers to get information about the most important aspects – those related to processing of the textile materials. Instead, Sandra Roos has another recommendation to the average consumer who wants to live greener: </div> <div><br /></div> <div>‘Think about how you travel to the clothes shop. When it comes to impact on the climate, this is the factor that is the easiest to influence, other than buying fewer garments, and one that has substantial effect. Since many shopping trips are taken by car, consumer travel accounts for a large share of the climate load during the clothing life cycle. In Sweden, that share is a full 22 percent.’<br /><br /><strong>Text:</strong> Johanna Wilde and Christian Löwhagen<br /><strong>Photo:</strong> Sandra Roos <span>and Christian Löwhagen<span style="display:inline-block"></span></span><br /></div> <div><br /><a href="">Read the full press release &quot;The fashion industry gains new tools to reduce its environmental load&quot;</a>.<br /></div> <div><h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Facts: Climate impact from the various phases of our clothing’s life cycle</h5> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/EoM/Nyheter/Diagram-textiles_400.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" />The chart shows climate impact generated by Swedes during the various phases of the clothing life cycle.  A similar pattern applies to the rest of Europe and the United States.</div> <div>Production accounts for 70 percent. Distribution of the clothes until they reach consumers accounts for only 4 percent – even though the clothes are mainly made in countries far away from Sweden.  Consumer shopping trips account for a full 22 percent. Washing and drying accounts for only 3 percent, and waste management does not contribute to climate impact since the disposed garments go to energy recovery.</div> <div>Clothing purchases by Swedes produce the fourth largest share of all carbon emissions for the country - after transport, food and housing.</div></div> <div>​<br /></div>Tue, 14 Mar 2017 14:00:00 +0100 Time for Into the Forest<p><b>​On March 18, it is time for the Swedish premiere of the French-Swedish horror thriller &quot;Into the Forest&quot;, which is partly recorded at MC2. The premiere takes place during the 25-year jubilee Film Festival at Dal.</b></p><div>&quot;Into the Forest&quot;, or &quot;Dans la foret&quot; in original, is a story about two brothers – Tom, 8, and Benjamin, 11 – who travel from France to Sweden to spend their summer holiday with their father who they have not seen in a long time. It is a psychological horror-thriller directed by French director Gilles Marchand.</div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Filmed at MC2</h5> <div>Several scenes were filmed during autumn 2015 in the Nanofabrication Laboratory, where the main character has his workplace.</div> <div>&quot;He has the type of job that calls for a sterile environment where people work in protective clothing – and we are very happy to have found the right environment here at Chalmers. The clean room corresponds very well with the director's vision,&quot; said Frida Hallberg, one of the film's Swedish producers, in an interview in conjunction with the team's visit.</div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Loaned out instruments and attributes</h5> <div>MC2 also loaned out some instruments and attributes belonging to the research environment – such as posters, research items and other printed material.</div> <div> </div> <div><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/into_the_forest_banner.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" height="232" width="327" alt="" style="margin:5px" />&quot;Into the Forest&quot; is a co-production between French Les Films de Francoise, Swedish GötaFilm International, to which Frida Hallberg is associated, and Film i Väst. The main characters are played by Jérémie Elkaïm, Timothé Vom Dorp and Theo Van De Voorde.</div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Viewing at MC2 later on hopefully</h5> <div>At the Swedish premiere the film will be introduced by mayor Martin Carling (C), chairman of the municipal in Dals-Ed, along with the Swedish producers Frida Hallberg och Olivier Guerpillon. The Film Festival at Dal is Sweden's 3rd largest filmfestival with around 70 viewings in ten days.</div> <div> </div> <div>MC2 hopes to be able to arrange a separate viewing of &quot;Into the Forest&quot; later this spring.</div> <div> </div> <div>Text: Michael Nystås</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/mc2/news/Pages/Psychological-horror-thriller-filmed-at-MC2.aspx">Read earlier news item about the film</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Watch official trailer</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Read more about the Film Festival at Dal</a> (in Swedish) &gt;&gt;&gt;</div> Thu, 09 Mar 2017 08:00:00 +0100 helmet yields fast and safe evaluation of head injuries<p><b>​Results from a clinical study demonstrates that microwave measurements can be used for a rapid detection of intracranial bleeding in traumatic brain injuries. A recently published scientific paper shows that health care professionals get vital information and can quickly decide on appropriate treatment if patients are examined using a microwave helmet.</b></p>​The study demonstrates a new health care application for microwave measurements. Previously, microwave measurements have been used to distinguish stroke caused by bleeding in the brain from stroke caused by cloth.<br /><br />The new study shows that the technology also applies to patients affected by traumatic brain injury, which is the most common cause of death and disability among young people. This type of injuries are often caused by traffic accidents, assaults or falls. An estimated 10 million people are affected annually by traumatic brain injuries.<br /><br />The study compared 20 patients hospitalized for surgery of chronic subdural hematoma – a serious form of intracranial bleeding – with 20 healthy volunteers. The patients were examined with microwave measurements which were compared to traditional CT scans. The results show that microwave measurements have great potential to detect intracranial bleeding in this group of patients.<br /><br />“The result is very promising even though the study is small and only focused on one type of head injury. The microwave helmet could improve the medical assessment of traumatic head injuries even before the patient arrives at the hospital”, says Johan Ljungqvist specialist in neurosurgery at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital. “The result indicates that the microwave measurements can be useful in ambulances and in other care settings.”<br /><span><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/s2/Nyheter%20och%20kalendarium/Strokefinder/MikaelPersson_200px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px" /></span><br />Further studies of acute head injury patients are ongoing and planned in Sweden and abroad.<br /><br />“Microwave technology has the potential to revolutionize medical diagnostics by enabling faster, more flexible and more cost-effective care”, says Mikael Persson, professor of biomedical engineering at Chalmers University of Technology. “In many parts of the world microwave measurements systems can become a complement to CT scans and other imaging systems, which are often missing or have long waiting lists.”<br /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/s2/Nyheter%20och%20kalendarium/Strokefinder/Mikael_Elam_200px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px" /><br />“It is challenging to develop a new clinical methodology, from early tests to a device for clinical use in a hyperacute clinical environment where routine care of patients cannot be delayed. It requires a close collaboration between technical and medical professionals which has been supported by MedTech West, a western Sweden based organization for med-tech research &amp; development driven by clinical need”, says Mikael Elam, professor of clinical neurophysiology, Sahlgrenska Academy and University Hospital.<br /><br />The Swedish Research Council programme for clinical research has also been crucial for the project.  <br /><br /><br /><br /><strong>Text:</strong> Yvonne Jonsson<br /><strong>Photo:</strong> Oscar Mattsson, Cecilia Hedström<br /><strong>Illustration:</strong> Boid<br /><br />The article &quot;Clinical Evaluation of a microwave-based device for the detection of traumatic intracranial hemorrhage&quot; was recently published in the Journal of Neurotrauma by  researchers from Chalmers and Sahlgrenska Academy and Sahlgrenska University Hospital.<br />The article can be downloaded at <a href="" target="_blank"></a><br /><br /><strong>Contacts: </strong><br />Mikael Persson, Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Signals and Systems, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, +46 31-772 15 76, <a href=""></a> <br />Mikael Elam, Professor and Consultant in Clinical Neurophysiology at the Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg and the Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden +46 31-772 15 76, <a href=""></a><br /><br /><a href=""></a><br /><br /><a href=""><table class="chalmersTable-default" cellspacing="0" width="100%" style="font-size:1em"><tbody><tr class="chalmersTableHeaderRow-default"><th class="chalmersTableHeaderFirstCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1">​<img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/s2/Nyheter%20och%20kalendarium/Strokefinder/mikrovagshjalm_350px.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatLeft" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:300px" /><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/s2/Nyheter%20och%20kalendarium/Strokefinder/mikrovagsteknik_350.jpg" class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:300px" /><br /><br /><br /></th> <th class="chalmersTableHeaderLastCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1"><br /></th></tr></tbody></table></a><br /><strong>Facts about microwave measurements </strong><br />A microwave helmet is placed on the patient's head and the brain tissue is examined with the aid of microwave radiation. The system consists of three parts: a helmet-like antenna system that is put on the patient's head, a microwave unit and a computer that is used to control the equipment, data acquisition and signal processing. Individual antennas in system transmit, in sequence, a weak microwave signals through the brain, while the other receiving antennas measure the reflected signals. Distinct structures and substances in the brain affect the microwave scattering and reflections in different ways and the received signals provides a complex pattern, as interpreted by using advanced algorithms.<br /><br />Read more about Chalmers research in this field:<a href="/en/departments/s2/research/Signal-processing-and-Biomedical-engineering/Pages/default.aspx"><br /><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Signal processing and medical engineering</a><br /><br /><a href=""></a>Wed, 08 Mar 2017 07:00:00 +0100 women in science-prize to catalysis researcher<p><b></b></p><p>​<a href="/en/Staff/Pages/leistner.aspx">Kirsten Leistner, postdoc </a>at Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, is awarded the L’Oréal-Unesco For women in science-prize which aims to highlight female scientists in the beginning of their career. The ceremony took place in Stockholm, 6th of March. Leisner along with Julia U was given the awarded by Helene Hellmark Knutsson, Minister for Higher Education and Research.  </p> <blockquote dir="ltr" style="font-size:14px;margin-right:0px"><div style="font-size:14px"><span style="font-size:14px">- It means a lot to me personally, as a sign of recognition, that one is going in the right direction. For my research, it is also significant, because there is funding attached to this prize, which will allow me to develop new initiatives in my research, says Kirsten Leistner.</span></div></blockquote> <div>With the funding that comes with the award she also wants to invite a prominent female scientist within catalysis to hold a seminar at Chalmers. </div> <blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px"><div><span style="font-size:14px">- I want to invite a role model and somebody who can speak about the difficulties that women face in research. There are certainly some unresolved issues. That is why there is a prize such as this. It is there to put a spot light on these unresolved issues. There have been many improvements over the years, but there are still quite a few things that could be improved, says Kirsten Leistner</span>.</div></blockquote> <div>In cars and trucks there are catalysts, which are made from solid materials with the capability to through catalytic reactions convert pollution particles and nitrogen oxides to harmless gases. As a postdoc in Professor Louise Olsson’s group Kirsten Leistner explores how to stop catalysts to deactivate from the gases they are exposed to. </div> <div><br />Unesco about Kirsten Leistner: Her research is distinguished by both geographical movability and innovative collaborations with great international experience. She has earlier been rewarded with a number of awards and hopes to establish herself as an independent researcher.</div> <div><br />Also Julia Uddén, Stockholm University, was awarded with the L’Oréal-Unesco For women in science-prize.</div> <div> </div> <div> </div> <a href=""><div>Read more about the L’Oréal-Unesco For women in science-prize.</div></a><div><br />Text: Mats Tiborn</div>Wed, 08 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0100 transport in focus during Canadian state visit<p><b>​The Governor General of Canada recently visited Göteborg, as part of a state visit to Sweden. Elna Holmberg from Swedish Electromobility Centre was one of the invited experts at a round table talk about sustainable transport.</b></p>​How can people be encouraged to choose sustainable means of transport? This was one of the key questions when experts from state, region, industry and academia gathered for a round table discussion at Volvo Truck Experience Center with the Governor General of Canada David Johnston, in the presence of King Carl Gustaf and Prince Carl Philip.<br /><br />Elna Holmberg, Director of Swedish Electromobility Centre, was one of the invited experts, along with Mats Viberg, First Vice President of Chalmers University of Technology, Anna Johansson, Minister of Infrastructure and Martin Lundstedt, President and CEO of Volvo Group, among others.<br /><br /><strong>What did you talk about at the round table?</strong><br />“We talked about the importance of collaboration to implement the transition to sustainable transportation. We discussed congestion problems, new forms of ownership and different ways to get a higher utilization of vehicles. There is a lot going on right now, and we can learn from each other.”<br /><br /><strong>Did you bring up any particular issue?</strong><br />“I talked about the academy as a neutral party for producing knowledge. I emphasized the importance of informing society, both of the effects that increased greenhouse gas emission have - especially on health - and of the opportunities and the knowledge that grows and matures in the academic world.”<br /><br />“I also stressed the need to reduce the costs of electric vehicles. This can be done, for example, through collaborative research and demonstration projects. I believe in people’s ability to interact and create innovations that will solve the climate and congestion problems.”<br /><br />The meeting at Volvo Truck Experience Centre was part of the program when the Governor General of Canada David Johnston and his wife Dr Sharon Johnston payed a state visit to Sweden on 20-23 February 2017.<br /><br />Text: Emilia Lundgren<br />Photo:<br /><br /><a href=""><em>Swedish Electromobility Centre</em></a><em> is a national Centre of Excellence for hybrid and electric vehicle technology and charging infrastructure. The Centre unifies Sweden's competence and serve as a base for interaction between academia, industry and society. Chalmers University of Technology is host of the Centre.</em><br /><em>Partners: AB Volvo, Volvo Car Corporation, Scania CV AB, Autoliv Development AB, Chalmers University of Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Lund University, Uppsala University, Linköping University. </em>Mon, 06 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0100 MSEK to new research environments at MC2<p><b>​The Department for Microtechnology and Nanoscience – MC2 – at Chalmers gets nearly 48 MSEK in the recent allotment on large research environments within natural and engineering sciences from the Swedish Research Council.</b></p><div><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/anders_larsson_350x305.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Anders Larsson, Professor of Photonics and head of the Photonics Laboratory, is principal investigator (PI), for the new research environment which now has been granted 23,988,000 SEK from the Swedish Research Council. His project &quot;Integrated WDM Transmitters for Ultra-High Capacity Datacenter Connectivity&quot;. His project is about methods to increase communication capacity in the data centers where all information sent over the Internet is stored and processed.</div> <div>&quot;While more and more cloud-based and bandwidth-intensive services grow, these data centers are developing into huge installations that require communication with a capacity that can only be met by fiber optics. In these networks, data is sent on one wavelength per fiber&quot;, says Anders Larsson.</div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Leading research environment</h5> <div>Co-applicants and research leaders of the project are Victor Torres Company, Associate Professor of Photonics, Magnus Karlsson, Professor of Photonics, and Peter Andrekson, Professor of Photonics and director of the Chalmers Centre of Excellence Fiber Optic Communications Research Centre (FORCE), all from the Photonics Laboratory at MC2, and Leif Oxenlöwe at the Centre for Silicon Photonics for Optical Communication (SPOC) at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU).</div> <div><div>&quot;We intend to develop this into a leading research environment in Europe. We will build this strong environment through a collaboration between FORCE here at Chalmers and SPOC at DTU. They provide complementary expertise and together we represent the two leading research centres for optical communication in Scandinavia&quot;, says Anders Larsson.</div> <div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5"><span>Significantly increased capacity<span></span></span></h5></div> <div>The project aims to develop techniques and methods which make it possible to significantly increase capacity by sending data at multiple wavelengths per fiber. This is called wavelength division multiplexing (WDM), and requires solutions other than telecommunications since the requirements for example the level of integration, power consumption and cost are very different.</div> <div>&quot;For this, we will develop new types of light sources that emit light at several wavelengths, methods to integrate these into complete optical transmitters and methods with which to encode information on the different wavelengths. We will work with different techniques and methods for different parts of the communications network in a data center, from short links such as connecting servers in a rack to longer links that connect groups of servers in different parts of the center&quot;, explains Anders Larsson.</div> <div>An important part of the project is the integration where researchers will use something called silicon photonics, which is a technology for building integrated optical circuits in silicon.</div> <div><span><h5 class="chalmersElement-H5"><span><h5 class="chalmersElement-H5"><br /><img class="chalmersPosition-FloatRight" src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/MC2/News/goran_johansson_350x305.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px" />Combining <span>plasmonics and quantum information</span><span></span><span></span></h5></span></h5></span></div> <div>Göran Johansson, Professor of Applied Quantum Physics and Head of the Applied Quantum Physics Laboratory, gets almost as much funding, 23,688,000 SEK for the project &quot;Quantum plasmonics – a technology for quantum photon-photon interactions at room-temperature&quot;.</div> <div>&quot;Our vision is a quantum computer that works at room temperature and a global Internet for quantum information. The key to this is to combine two fields of research that have not cooperated in any significant way: plasmonics and quantum information. With this as a building block the road is open to both a quantum computer and a quantum Internet&quot;, says Göran Johansson, who contributes to the theory of quantum physics part.</div> <div><div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">&quot;A fruit of the <span>Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Area of Advance<span>&quot;</span></span> </h5></div> <div>His co-applicants in the project are Timur Shegai, Associate Professor, and Mikael Käll, Professor of Physics, Department of Physics, both of which make plasmonic experiments and have achieved very promising results so far.</div> <div>&quot;The cooperation is a fruit of the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Area of Advance, which also supported a start-up project in the area last fall. It is also in line with the future flagship of quantum technology&quot;, says Göran Johansson.</div> <div>Per Delsing, Professor of Experimental Physics at MC2, is also contributing with his expertise to the project.</div> <div><div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">&quot;E<span>normous impact on our society&quot;<span></span></span> </h5></div> <div>Quantum physics and information theory are two of the last century's most significant scientific and technological breakthroughs. Quantum physics explains how nature works at the atomistic scales and forms the theoretical basis for the semiconductor and photonics technologies enabling today's information society. Information theory quantifies the information content and provides the framework for effective communication and information processing.</div> <div>&quot;Together, these two breakthroughs had an enormous impact on our society, both social structures of economy, technology and science&quot;, says Göran Johansson.</div> <div><div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Eavesdropping </h5></div> <div>The end of the last century a number of scientific discoveries initiated a process in which these two fields are joined and we started talking about quantum information. Scientists realized that a computer where information is stored and processed according to the principles of quantum physics could solve problems that are unsolvable for today's computers.</div> <div>&quot;It also became clear that communication based on quantum information allows us to do things that are impossible in classical communication, for example may be made completely secure against eavesdropping.&quot;</div> <div><div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5"><span>Potential to operate at normal pressure and room temperature<span></span></span> </h5></div> <div>Several technologies for quantum information has been developed, based on natural quantum systems such as atoms and photons as well as tailored quantum superconducting circuits and semiconductor quantum dots. A problem common to all these technologies is that they require very low temperatures and/or ultra-red vacuum to operate. </div> <div>&quot;In our research environment, we develop a technology for quantum information that has the potential to operate at normal pressure and room temperature. Key to this is the electromagnetic properties of metallic nanoparticles&quot;, explains Göran Johansson.</div> <div><div> </div> <h5 class="chalmersElement-H5">Nearly 95 MSEK in total to Chalmers </h5></div> <div>Chalmers was granted a total of 94,842,000 SEK of the Swedish Research Council's call for the years 2017-2022. Of these MC2 receieves a total of 47,676,000. The total amount for the entire grant period is 425,736,000 SEK, allocated to seven Swedish universities. Chalmers is the university allocated second most funding, just barely passed by the KTH Royal Institute of Technology, which received 95,742,000 SEK.</div> <div> </div> <div><strong>Text and photo:</strong> Michael Nystås</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="/en/departments/mc2/news/Pages/New-flagship-under-discussion-for-top-researchers.aspx">Read more about the discussions on a future EU-flagship within quantum technology</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;</div> <div> </div> <div><a href="">Read more about the grant decision</a> &gt;&gt;&gt;<br /><br /><a href="/sv/nyheter/Sidor/guldregn-over-nya-forskningsmiljoer.aspx">Read more about all grants to Chalmers in this allotment</a> (in Swedish) &gt;&gt;&gt; </div>Thu, 02 Mar 2017 10:00:00 +0100,1-M€-to-improve-nuclear-safety.aspx,1-M%E2%82%AC-to-improve-nuclear-safety.aspx5,1 million euros to improve nuclear power safety<p><b>​Chalmers will coordinate a research and innovation project to improve nuclear power safety. The purpose is to develop techniques that make it possible to identify disturbances in operating nuclear reactors at an early stage. During four years, the European Commission will invest 5,1 million euros in the project Cortex, managed by Christophe Demazière and Paolo Vinai, Professors at the Department of Physics.</b></p>​“We believe that these techniques can be applied to both the existing fleet of operating nuclear reactors and the ones that will be built in the future. This will contribute to a lowering of the CO2 footprint on the environment, and to a more reliable production of cheap base-load electricity for the consumers. An additional aspect is the ageing fleet of reactors in Europe: operational problems are expected to be more frequent in these plants and we need to detect such problems at an early stage”, says Christophe Demazière. <br /><p></p> <p>The project is funded within the EU program Horizon2020 and is a large international collaboration involving 17 European partners, two partners from Japan, and one partner from USA. The consortium consists of several research groups from academia, research institutes, safety and technical organizations, and private companies servicing the nuclear industry. In addition, this project is in line with the expertise and competence developed at Chalmers by Professor Imre Pázsit, who is also involved in the project. </p> “The scope of the research is very interdisciplinary. The project will combine the work of experts in different fields spanning from nuclear reactor physics to artificial intelligence and from computational to experimental physics. An advisory end-user group will help keep the research aligned with the needs of the nuclear industry and to maximize the impact in terms of industrial innovation”, says Paolo Vinai. <p>The Swedish nuclear power plant Ringhals takes part in the advisory group.<br /><br />Text: Mia Halleröd Palmgren<br /><a href=""></a><br /><br /><strong>More information:</strong><br /><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Christophe-Demazière.aspx">Christophe Demazière</a>, Professor, Division of Subatomic and Plasma Physics, Department of Physics, Chalmers, +46 31 772 30 82, <a href=""></a></p> <p></p> <p><a href="/en/Staff/Pages/Paolo-Vinai.aspx">Paolo Vinai</a>, Associate Professor, Division of Subatomic and Plasma Physics, Department of Physics, Chalmers, +46 31 772 30 80, <a href=""><br /></a></p> <p><br /><a href=""></a> </p> <p></p> <p><strong>More about Cortex: </strong><br />Cortex (CORTEX) stands for core monitoring techniques and experimental validation and demonstration. The project aims at developing beyond state-of-the-art core monitoring techniques that can be used to detect and characterize operational problems in commercial nuclear power reactors, before they have any inadvertent effect on plant safety and availability. The method is non-intrusive and does not require any external perturbation of the system. </p> <p></p> <p>Cortex is a so-called Research and Innovation Action (RIA) in the Horizon2020 program of the European Commission. The project proposal was more specifically submitted in the <a href="">Euratom 2016-2017 fission category</a>. </p> <p></p> <p><a href=""><img class="ms-asset-icon ms-rtePosition-4" src="/_layouts/images/ichtm.gif" alt="" />Read more about the work of the research group.<br /></a></p> <p><img src="/SiteCollectionImages/Institutioner/F/750x340/Illustration-CORTEX_750x340px.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:690px;height:315px" /><br />The project Cortex will develop techniques that make it possible to identify disturbances in operating reactors. Such techniques are based on the monitoring of stationary fluctuations in the neutron flux in reactors. A tool that was earlier developed at Chalmers to calculate the effect of known perturbations will be used in the project. Illustration: Christophe Demazière.<br /></p>Wed, 01 Mar 2017 16:00:00 +0100 break-through: Producing gasoline in yeast cell factories<p><b>​There have been many attempts to modify this stubborn little enzyme. But none have succeeded, until now. With new findings from Chalmers the enzyme FAS has started to produce sustainable chemicals for biofuels.</b></p>​We are in great need of sustainable and clean alternatives to oil-derived products. One of the choices at hand is to produce chemicals and biofuels from sustainable biomass.<br /><br />To do this, researchers in the group of Professor Jens Nielsen at the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering is hard at work trying to design yeast cell factories that can actually produce the chemicals we need in a sustainable way. The group now had a major break-through, as they developed a novel method of changing the enzyme FAS, fatty acid synthase, into producing new products.<br />– This enzyme normally synthesizes long chain fatty acids, but we have now modified it into synthesizing medium chain fatty acids and methyl ketones – chemicals that are components in currently used transportation fuels, Post-doc Zhiwei Zhu explains.<br />– In other words: We are able to produce gasoline and jet fuel alternatives by yeast cell factories, and this has never been done before.<br /><br />The important enzyme was first elucidated by Nobel Prize winner Feodor Lynen, and many researchers have in recent years tried to modify it. But it seemed very hard, or close to impossible – until now.<br />– We did not expect this. Actually, it was thought by the scientific community that this rigid enzyme was not readily amenable to manipulation, says Zhiwei Zhu.<br /><br />The findings are in fact a result of a lucky break. A few years ago, the researchers occasionally found a FAS which had two acyl carrier protein domains.<br />– We first tried to change this FAS by replacing one of its acyl carrier protein domains with a foreign enzyme to render it new activities, and surprisingly it worked. Then we implemented such modification in other fungal FASs and found this approach versatile.<br /><br />The researchers are now focusing on using the modified enzyme to build yeast cell factories for production of chemicals and fuels. An invention patent has been filed, and the company Biopetrolia – a spin-off company to the Chalmers department – are closely involved, trying to further develop the technique to make it economically viable.<br /><br />But as a researcher, Zhiwei Zhu also has a long-term goal of his own:<br />– I am also interested in deeply revealing the biochemical and structural basis of this novel modification in fungal FAS.<br /><br /><br />Link to the scientific article: <a href="">Expanding the product portfolio of fungal type I fatty acid synthases</a> <br /><br />Text: Mia Malmstedt<br />In the photo: Zhiwei Zhu, Jens Nielsen and Biopetrolia CEO Anastasia Krivoruchko. Photo taken by Martina Butorac.<br />Tue, 28 Feb 2017 14:00:00 +0100