Our research concerns global geodynamical processes. We perform measurements and analyse these to e.g. determine movements in the earth’s crust, earth rotation parameters, the amount of water vapour in the atmosphere, and changes of the gravity field. Primarily we use space geodetic methods such as geodetic very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) and global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), as well as ground based radiometers, and gravimeters. This is augmented by corresponding theoretical work and model calculations.
Measurements of global geodynamical motions
- Land uplift, both vertical and horizontal.
- Absolute sea level rise with a variety of measurements
of sea level with respect to the earth’s crust. This is a key parameter for
climate models and possible ocean warming.
- Earth deformation effects that are caused by ocean and
atmospheric loading of the earth's crust.
- Earth rotation and its variations measured with VLBI.
- Measurements of global crustal motions (plate tectonics)
started in 1980. Onsala is one of the radio astronomical observatories that
have the longest history in measuring global crustal motions.
- Short-time predictions for weather services, in particular for extreme weather events.
- Long term measurements with GNSS over long time scales, 15 years or more. These have probably a very large potential to monitor climate change and/or validate regonal and global climate models.
- Measurements of molecules in the troposphere and the middle atmosphere with griund based radiometers.
- Measurements of ionospheric variations with GNSS.
Measurements of the gravity field.
- Measurements with a suoperconduction gravimeter to investigate changes in the gravity field due to land uplift.
- Modellering av tidvattnets och atmosfärens påverkan på tyngdkraftsmätningar.
- Modellling ocean and atmospheric loading effects on gravity measurements.