“This could open up new possibilities for the detection of environmental gases. Our method is more robust than conventional sensors, which rely on small changes in optical properties”, says Maja Feierabend, PhD student at the Department of Physics and the main author of the article from Chalmers University of Technology and Technische Universität Berlin.
Together with her supervisor, Associate Professor Ermin Malic, and Gunnar Berghäuser, postdoctoral researcher at Chalmers, she has proposed a new type of chemical nanosensor that consists of atomically thin nanomaterials that are extremely sensitive to changes in their surroundings.
If you shine light on the sensor, you will see the optical fingerprint of the material itself. Molecules are identified by activating dark electronic states in the sensor material. If there are molecules on its surface, they will interact with these dark states and switch them on, making them visible. The result is an altered optical fingerprint, containing new features that prove the presence of the molecules.
“Our method has promising potential, paving the way for ultra-thin, fast, efficient and accurate sensors. In the future, this could hopefully lead to highly sensitive and selective sensors that can be used in environmental research", says Ermin Malic.
The research has received funding from the European Union through the Graphene Flagship, coordinated by Chalmers. The researchers have filed a patent application for the novel sensor method. The next step is to work with experimental physicists and chemists to demonstrate the proof-of-principle for this new class of chemical sensors.
Text: Mia Halleröd Palmgren, firstname.lastname@example.org
Read the scientific article "Proposal for dark exciton based chemical sensors" in Nature Communications.
For more information:
c, Associate Professor, Division of Condensed Matter Theory, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, +46 31 772 32 63, +46 70 840 49 53, email@example.com
Maja Feierabend, PhD student, Division of Condensed Matter Theory, Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, +46 31 772 32 64, firstname.lastname@example.org
The researchers Ermin Malic, Maja Feierabend and Gunnar Berghäuser have proposed a new method of detecting molecules with sensors based on nanomaterials. The method från Chalmers could improve environmental sensing in the future. The results are published in the scientific journal Nature Communications.
Image: Mia Halleröd Palmgren