Stefan Buller, Physics

​Title of licentiate thesis: Radially global neoclassical transport in tokamak pedestals

​Abstract

Nuclear fusion has the potential to become a sustainable energy source in the foreseeable future. The most developed system for fusion power production is the tokamak, which magnetically confines a plasma at high
enough temperature for fusion reactions to take place. Tokamaks operating in the H-mode feature the largest known steady state density and temperature gradients, located in a region at the edge of the plasma known as the pedestal. These steep gradients result from a spontaneous reduction in turbulence, and as a result of these steep gradients, the plasma behavior couples between nearby radial locations, and can no longer be evaluated in terms of plasma parameters at a single radius. The plasma behavior is said to be radially global. This makes it challenging to model the transport of particles, heat, etc., which is needed to design and evaluate future reactors. In this thesis, we study collisional, radially-global transport in tokamak pedestals, using numerical methods to solve a drift-kinetic equation for the distribution of particles in both velocity and configuration space. Particular focus is put on the influence of non-trace impurities, and the effects of changing the mass and charge of the bulk ions. Order unity deviations from radially-local results are observed in plasma flows and cross-field fluxes, both in the pedestal and the near-pedestal core. In addition, a significant radial transport of angular momentum arises in the radially-global description, which may have implications for the plasma rotation, which is understood as a crucial component for the transition to H-mode.
Graduate school: Physics
Main supervisor: Istvan Pusztai
Examiner:
Tünde Fülöp
Reviewer:
Associate Professor Paolo Ricci at Swiss Plasma Center, École Ploytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
Category Licentiate seminar
Location: PJ, lecture hall, Fysik Origo, Fysik
Starts: 01 September, 2017, 10:00
Ends: 01 September, 2017, 12:00

Published: Thu 15 Jun 2017. Modified: Fri 01 Sep 2017