Materials Science has seven competence centres. These are long-term (usually 10 years) programs with funding from public agencies, the university, and a consortium of industries. These centres act both as a driving force for the development of science and as a neutral arena for industrial actors (often competitors) to meet around, and work on, generic challenges in their respective field.
The VINN Excellence Centre of Biomaterials and Cell Therapy, hosted by the University of Gothenburg, is focusing on research and development of innovative medical devices based on biomaterials and cell therapy. The centre is led by Professor Peter Thomsen and is a collaboration between the University of Gothenburg, Chalmers, Uppsala University, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Region Västra Götaland (VGR) and seven companies. Two examples of current projects are: New active biomaterials for musculoskeletal implants and Enhanced tissue regeneration using combinations of biomaterials and cell therapy in vitro and in vivo.
The Competence Centre Recycling is a joint multidisciplinary centre that brings together researchers and companies from all over the country. The newly established centre is led and coordinated by Professor Christian Ekberg and Dr Britt-Marie Steenari. The vision is to be able to solve all kind of industrial recycling problems in the broad sense of the word. The centre is driven both by initiatives from the researchers and from the co-operation partners in the industry. The professor is financed by Stena Metall and the coordinator is financed by a VINNOVA project. Two examples of the ongoing research are Recycling of lithium ion batteries and Recycling of titanium dioxide from paint.
CHARMEC (CHAlmers Railway MEChanics) is a National Centre of Excellence in Railway Mechanics that has been in operation since 1995, led by Professor Roger Lundén. CHARMEC has participated in a total of 9 European Projects and 1 European Network of Excellence within the 4th, 5th and 6th Framework Programmes, has published some 275 papers internationally and has been internationally evaluated three times. 27 PhD degrees have been achieved within the centre. The Industrial Interest Group of CHARMEC comprises 11 industries, administrations and operators. The majority of the participating organisations are multinational. The projects are collected in Programme Areas: “Train–Track Interaction”, “Vibrations and Noise”, “Materials and Maintenance”, “Systems for Monitoring and Operation”, “Parallel EU-projects”, and “Parallel Special Projects”.
The High Temperature Corrosion Centre is a national competence centre financed by the Swedish Energy Agency, Chalmers and 22 member companies. HTC is led by Professor Lars-Gunnar Johansson. High temperature corrosion is an issue in energy production, engines, and industrial processes. It limits the useful life of installations and the utilization of the fuel and often obstructs the development of more sustainable processes and systems. HTC is a common platform for university researchers and industrial R&D. HTC research aims simultaneously for scientific excellence and for being useful to industry and society. Application areas: Biomass-based electricity generation and waste-to energy plants; Gasification of biomass; Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC); Gas turbines and jet engines; Diesel exhaust systems; Industrial furnaces; Small scale biomass combustion for household heating. HTC runs several large projects sponsored by other funding agencies such as EU FP7. The research is widely published with more than 130 scientific papers and 25 PhDs graduated since 2000.
The Competence Centre for Catalysis is a Swedish national competence centre funded in equal parts by the Swedish Energy Agency, Chalmers and the member companies and led by Professor Magnus Skoglundh. The objective is to develop an excellent research environment, performing high quality research in the field of catalysis for emission control and catalysis for sustainable energy systems. To achieve this, models of complex systems are normally investigated and the catalytically active materials studied are metal oxides and metals supported on metal oxides. Several theoretical methods and experimental techniques have been developed and used to achieve this understanding. KCK has become well recognized in the international arena with a large number of publications (>200 since 2000) and invited talks. KCK was rated among the best academic catalysis laboratories in the world in an independent international evaluation. The main research areas are: Catalytic reduction of NOx under lean conditions; Catalytic oxidation at low temperatures; Catalytic techniques for sustainable energy systems.
SPORTS & TECHNOLOGY
Chalmers Sports & Technology is where athletes, coaches, enterprises and governing bodies meet students, researchers and engineers to undertake advanced sports-related research. At Sports and Technology, the focus is on using maths and physics to help find solutions to challenges in a whole range of sports, including athletics, equestrianism, floorball, sailing and swimming.
The VINN Excellence Centre for Supramolecular Biomaterials is hosted by Chalmers. SuMo Biomaterials have nine partners, eight industries and the Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology (SIK). The centre is led by Professor Anette Larsson. In SuMo Biomaterials, the academy and industry work together for advancing the science on tailoring release and uptake in soft biomaterials. The centre has a unique way of working across the relevant disciplines: Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Materials Science, and Innovation and Entrepreneurship. The work mode is to alternate between reflecting and focused types of meetings in order to stimulate the creativity required to meet the demand for excellence in science and innovations at the member companies. The main focus is to establish quantitative relationships between mass transport and microstructure - a route towards prediction of mass transport in soft biomaterials as a tool for systematic materials design. In the recent stage 2 evaluation of the centre, the scientific work and collaboration with industry was rated excellent. Examples of current projects include: Mass transport and structure relationships – NMR diffusometry; Mass transport and structure relationships – microscopy; Implementing micro-PIV to study flow in soft heterogeneous materials; In situ dynamic studies of wetting, transport of liquids and swelling of nanostructured soft materials; 3D imaging of nanostructured gels; Self-assembly and material design; Heterogeneous materials - diffusion, Laplace spectrum and NMR; A lattice-Boltzmann framework for diffusion and flow.
The Wallenberg Wood Science Center is a ten year collaborative effort between Chalmers and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm. It was established in January 2009 with a budget of 120 MSEK for the first 3 years of operation. The vision is to develop new and advanced materials based on wood as raw material. It combines the best resources at Chalmers and KTH and is led at Chalmers by Professor Paul Gatenholm and Professor Hans Theliander. The program is structured into three themes: From wood chips to material components, Engineering of functionalities, and Biocomposites – design and assembly.