Sweden was the first country to express a Vision Zero (no fatalities or severe injuries in traffic accidents) thus making safety a systemic issue. Traffic safety research includes efforts to better understand real traffic environments, countermeasures to avoid accidents and prevent injuries, and actions to mitigate their consequences. Increasing worldwide efforts to develop connected and self-driving vehicles pose new challenges. The emerging technologies bring high hopes for a new paradigm in traffic safety with expectations on a dramatic decrease of accidents. Traffic safety is also a boundary condition for the automated transport system.
Research, innovation and education are targeting high achievement within three active fields:
Field data collection and analysis aims at developing a holistic understanding of occurrence and effects of incidents and accidents; including the assessment of risk and benefit in automated systems compared to the safety levels of human drivers.
Accident avoidance and automation aims at developing new technologies and safety systems as well as developing better understanding of human factor, human behaviour and driver models.
Injury prevention aims at developing increased crashworthiness, advanced adaptive vehicle structures and protective systems. All collision types and all categories of road users are included.
> CTS - China-Sweden Research Center for Traffic Safety